Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 25, 1915)
Tin; 3IORXING ORFGONIA SATURDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1915.
T -f si r ct:a..4. unl-x gaarteCTWO
--"I c aas attar.
. tk gat-a 4aeMl eea.
I Bf Haiti
far--. Sua iMKrl. T
J - . s.a la u4 ir-a "
f . - . . . - .. aMIX,.. '
!:.. il.Uil lii ttl, U
S -. aa aa ....... ... ....
t Br '
r t-. 94j4ttV hi Ha
jj i o pas-. 1
1.. ... . - i
la i j . a aeata. Feee-ae r"
4" rat Mk
Uiiii i.ia-a OffWa V.r
Ha. vrni. .ll.la. aa Xw. '?
l-on.l,i, - .., t!l.
r--i -.... r.rrMBU. . J. SU"a)l,
- 1 - 1 a
H)IUP. Tt . :'. . ISU.
The rhltirvn k been up since
the pp ef dy. Thr slept reatity
thfoufh lh BlgM. Ihlr litti btnr
rl u to l ntfc hn of n
i!-iAt-)t. Of roum lth
- tharn. If thr wr BP J4 o
a. . stapa. .-. 71
imi. ..... ar:w
rin 1 r-- 1 M.i
- & m! TtB. "or wh r ro
rul4 col br to m: li bpplfl".
- tbeach rnct4i. to whir too. b4
(rk!t of lb oUr ao4 1m cuocop-
t!6l hart. tt U tito CT:rt tn
' Irani f Cfirtt.tia wlica !
-Mft4 littlo fot of tfto houho:J
-fcij.y at t.to hal!y-fralhta4 tr la
a rrf.. t tfa!:rtam ef 4.1 cBC.
Z i;nrttmaj u for tit eau4r- And
Tir t.la chCJran o ehUir-o. TTor U
; ar'.r.tfT batwaaa Chr1.aa) B i
. mttft maturtfy. Orowa-op cht:dfo
' fin 4 ee.'r ntlmaataJ tntarvat la tl
cici'i 'o. Win tho youcor ona tno
oy ! ftrtoaL. coacrt: 1t.l thalf
. I'.rtljpa tha clfta ta iJr rcal0
'.htrt to thrn pimtn raljh. but
urh raiua (uii with mr
:bib: la naclraj dT not by.
tt m M7t b a ory aolah e:ar that.
'havtRc rcb matanir. looka for tbo
Tfi'rnaj apirit l bunt! r-tJ.
i.'-a eaturaa ao ttr hppy ra-
tjr.. anrt bane tho utibappy loil-
, xjki h aawiro mnnmu chaar In
t."!la wor!4tr war om4 to tto
of athie bf.r tsn tha buk. Tha
Joys tbat bt qulckaa tho oldtt pula
' ar tha rafloetad Tja tbat on baa
ha i haa4 In protacuac Tho mora
.'obaarror mlfht fls4 amait dalistt at
tso Ciirt.otmaa troa nna tharo
tna varmlRC cooaciooanao that bo bad
ba ! a cart la croatlnc tha plrturo.
: if )oii ar no loecar a cMM. and
If )oi bao not pat yoaroatf la tba
ar of twieg rflacta4 fcapplnoaa.
If jo bo not tfrtna mr tho olf
front aorao bumb.a door bra tba
Tlttlo enaa. hpln aaainat bo pa, arak
eai l flct 5deta Ctaa a hoHow
morbarr. than thla la foln to ba a
J-4't aa-t ottjpli Cbrtatmaa for yoo.
All au h mut waVomo tbo dawn of
tla mirkins dar that thr may aarapa.
In tba coMaatratloa of toll tbo so
bappy MJiMttan of aalfnnaciooanoaa.
rrnrno xmm the was.
Tbo au;;at!iin tbat rt"rtlo of
paco mill bo foltoo4 by wholfo&la
duiBptnar of Caropiaa coda on tba
JkmarU-aa markat r4icut4 by a
rwmocratlo aoa;pr aa wltboat
fnandtMoa. To quiia Ita lantrtiaa-o.
tbo -tariff promolam" toll aa
trtat tho G arm ana aro vorklRf
.dy aa4 a!fbt lajtiec op vaat atoroa
if mjoafi.-tur4 riK-laa.' and aro
.wjtcina- nn:il tbo war U oar la or
r!ar t d-4frp tho fioa la tha Colt4
cata. Tho Domorratic papor ca!U
tnta a "fairy Ui. wbtch "cannot
poaatbty bo troa" f"r tbia roaaoa:
Onaaay katoaaa ra utaaa 4ara la ba
bj al t' it la fa4 a4 va bar a
"p. aha aaa a rar oiaiariaj la ma a
'9 f r-u4ttio ongiaa aa4 m aM a
i.n4.tiaa aar airaaa tut tkal b.a.
; Information tu coma dlrart from
lfflttr to man la tba Coita4 it ".a: aa
Who aro tataraatafj q koowlDa; tha
f.:t tbat thla Tilry talo" la tma.
armey U a country ft arl4 maoo
f4.turaa. A mora; tho werktRf pooplo
ciarybviy otj. Atthoafh tho tnon
ff mlitcary ao aro la tho army, tbo
rMr ma. tho jou".ha fcU-w mtiltary
aco and tbo woman an4 gxrla rontinaa
t work. JUnr ho bn withdrawn
from) othar Indttatrlaa to maho aup
p'ia of all kind f r tho army, but
m rmia. Thy mu.t work or
''"o or bo f4 by tho rornnftL
'vt typical Oormaa patrroaium tba
rimimtl U -'.ln f.aAOrlal aid to
tnnafaturora that tbay may koap
tfttr amploraa baay and carry tha
jr-j.j jct unt.l paca onablao tbant to
-U It. Aa tha markaca of tha world
aro arla eporad to Carman manu
XvtuTr. arorar.t aid cca
ar;:y bo withdrawn and thay muat
aail thatr accamuUta4 atovk. Wita thla
end la ta thay aro ati:i maktnc
china. lUmut. tojra. chamlcaO. dyo
tu.'r and othar cenmoUi!M. ilav
!- aoi. thalr toOa la tho UcUad
'to boforo tho war. thay will et
Mti.lf art thm: to ror
tboir bvtaiaeaa aftar tha war. llanco
thay w) dump.
"W'lsi ahoui t wo aook protection
a;r..t dumpina? It la aakad. "Wlr
t lat tho Ormtts r.ood ti with
jct.'la If thay aro ao dlspoo4r Ha
(o. dumptRf wouM di-moraliio tha
Amortcaa marrta bad do aa Injjry
to Amariraa Induatry far groatcr thaa
any aatR( which would b mad a by
purcbaaora of da.-nTad rda. Tho war
and tba cutting off of Carman aup
pl:a of many commodttiaa bar forcod
tho CMtod ftatro to andaavor to pro
duvo Ita own aupptlaa. Thla la fur
ticuLarty truo of charnlcala. dyaa aad
tor. Capital la auffldaot ouantltiao
wt:l aot bo lnoata4 In thooo Indua-
,trta if thay aro to bo npowd aftar
tbo war to cat-throat companion ef
man with accumutatod atocka who aro
acr to racovrr a loot markat. Tho
war baa l-npraaaad opon ua tho wla-
' domi of prodortnr our wa aupply of
B a-' ry commodltlaa. ! n c a war may
rot off oar foroirn auppty. aa it baa
at tho proaont tima. Tharo la no
roaaoa to doubt that whoa thooo ln
duatrtoo aro onco oatabllaba4 la thla
coucry. thay wi:i bo dblo to bold
tho homo market and to aatar tho
for!rn markat. All thay naod to a
That tho rrtatton g1,raa to thaa
raw Induatrtaa bo not xcoaatyo anl
that It bo withdrawn aa aooa aa tbo
raoao for It baa dtaappoarod. It la oo
antul that tho tartTf bo tawd on
fc?a aacrt!aaj by a tornminlon.
Wo bao co daatro to aoo protactlon
arrorda4 to Infant Indoatrtaar Ion
aftor thay bavo boeooso fUt'x That
baa bat n tbo rault ef poli'lcat. ! -tvicg.
tariff-m a kief mcthoUa. If lh
mmmtmon plan bo adoptad and pr
utad in. tho fnlrad F;ai will etab.
tiahi Ita In du trial Indapandenro with
out building up any m-TO pampered
KM D or A BlfcUNtC
Tho ford paaro pCcrtmaco waa fore
doomed to fa.lure. ITrarrbody but
Tord moat hao uadoratood that tha
effort to brine the war to a cloa
threurh tha poraonal Importunlltaa of
a eelf-adverttatna; mCtloeairo and bla
rmmbl.l eatourajro waa aheer bur
lT4 Tho Junket had tho dltlnrt
dufaor of rraotder.t Wtioon and It
waa outrlfht Impertinenro for any
rttiian to undartaao a diplomatic and
National duty rrrrd only for tha
0. 'f UJ repraaastatlvra of a irovern
mcnt. The notion that any of the bel-
1. rren!. oncCcd 1 tho deadly por-
auile of bloody and terrible warfare.
would atop to hood tho bratarlcal ex
hortation of tho no lay volunteer
prea. here of pa&re w aa downficht
If Mr. "rd la -h. It may bo hoped
tbat b will ft well, preferably after
be ahail have put a on di.ataaro be
tween Mmaetf and tho abandoned
beaefli'tartea of bia fooliab bounty.
ome ear tbo e-irurionlta. wo pre
ume. an-epted tho Kord Inrttatton to
tt abroad out of a (rnuint dexiro to
d rd: but othr wont bocauao they
bad a rreat opportunity for th lark
of a lifetime. The price they bae
pall for rettine; eoenethtnv for Both-
.n a bain made rldlculoua befora
the eye ef tbo whole world.
It aoama to ua bixhir doalrabto to
ralieee Mr. Tord of tbo ozceaatTO har
den of o moch ready caaa. Bat
thoaaand vik may bo unaeted to
blna that will eorre both him aad the
aorll far better than the orrmnUa-
tion of an opera-bourfo peace arrJ"
A conacientloua aewapapor often
haa palafol dotioo to perform, for It
rauat bow to tho line, let do Chip
of fact fall where thay may. So ye
terday. when Tbo Orecoolaa made,
throuch Ita ahounJlr.it newa column,
tbo floomy announcement that only
about S (4r of rhampacne are now
to b found In the liquor housee of
Portland. It waa fully aware of Ita
ca:amltoua effect oo the public mind.
Hero we have aevca full Ura of "
restrained freedom to dnnk what we
pleaao. If wo have tho price, and Jut
a we aro flltc way to one final
period of lawful i.o41 Jaiton. and more
or lean lr.tel dUalpatloa. tho collar
are found to bo empty nearly and
ttvered boeketa are filled only with
freaalcK. but uaele. Ice. llaar a
family which bad gone to bed at rtlfM
with a happy realisation that, no m at
tar how any tho larder or empty the
woodhottae, there u plenty of w;ne
somewhere In rortlahd. la now awak
ened to the dreary fact that soma thine
la gone which ha never before been
Throe aro withal trying dara. for
the lata who have neer worried
much, or at all. about drlr.k. and who
were able to pan a saloon door with
out the allshtest Impulse, conacloua or
unconscious, to interview tho bar
tender, are In trouble. Wo fair that.
with some of them, tharo I aa over
wfcetmr.g dismay that the good Id
daja when they-could-drtnk-or-let-lt-eJone
are about to pas away, and
some persona aro hanging over bar-
ralia and bidding King Pooae a rona
aiteo. who ho b4 heretofore bar:y
a apeaklng arqualntacce with bla alco
T.ero Is a qaeer psychology about
tho drinking habit, even when It !
barely formed, and It to showing Itself
a unexpected places. tStald individ
ual who havo led live of unrelieved
aobriety are strangely tempted to get
drunk, aad some of them aro doing
It: and others husbands of rood
wivea and fathers of precloua families
are filling their cellars with lance
boxea tarkc-I wllh sler.iricar.t labels
elUre which have heretofore been
Innocent wholly of tho presence even
of rHer. or applejack.
Much may be f 'rgiven. bo doubt.
for erratic conduct of Quiet citizens
durtr.g thre aad final hours, but nut
after January 1. Then there will be
a sperial ili.-m about unsteady gaits
and pickled breaths: for Ihere will be
a natural a.piclon that they were not
.... a .
Axorttrm cato acnrnt
5ecretary of Labor Wilson haa good
rause to concratulate htmsrlf on his
success In srttllr.g labor d!putea and
In organising aa employment system
hich airle materially In the dtatrtbu-
Ion cf labor by eo-opermtlon with
cafe and rit!-a. Hut bia annual re
port ahowa that be has become so tm
preased w'.lh the capacity of the Gov-
rnment to "do It alt" In tho way of
promoting the public good that he
wishes to rival his colleague In car-
r)r out Socialist schemes.
Me proposes that railroad land
rraata ba restored to the public do
main aad that "extorsive areas of
privately owned but unosed farming
land" be acquired by the Government.
He recommend that Congreaa utilize
the lands "for promoting opportunl
tla for employment" of those men
ir whom hi lahor-dls'ributlon sys
tem falls to f'.al Jobs. II would have
the Government not only acquire the
and described but "retain title to the
public lands It already holds.- In bis
view "It I necessary thst the Govern
ment shall aot lightly divest Itself of
title to any lands it may set aside for
tabor opportunities"" In order "to pre
vent Inflation of land value." He
holds "equipment for farming aad edu
cation la farming" also to be essen
tial. To provide land, equipment, edu
cation and men. he would unify the
activities of th Departments of the
Interior. Agriculture and Labor. He
would provide a rotary fund for loans
to settler, resting thee loan "upon
tho best possible basts ef Industrial
credit ability, opportunity and char
acterIn connection with a system of
Mr. Wllaon propose to take the mis
fits for whom be cannot find employ
ment aa laborer In factory or farm
and "stake" them with land and money
at Government expent to become
farmers. He propose to thrust to
on stde th state a agenclr for
promoting the welfare of their citi
zens and to ad J one more to the long
range activities of th Government
with which th public land states are
aff'dcted. He design not only to
delay Indefinitely the division f the
public domain among citizens but to
add to that domain the land grants
and unused private) land. He thus
plans to prolong the condition by
which th Western state are a mere
Impart urn tn lmperlo and to defer the
time when they will become complete
sovereigns within their own borders.
At a time when th leaders In Con
rrea aro cudgeling their brain to
find mean for proper defense of the
country aad to meet a growing deficit
Seer alary WUson would divert Cavern-
mnt funds to the purchase of land
and to starting n bullae a farm
ers men who aro ao undesirable as
wage workers that they aro left over
when every Job ha been filled. The
JWretary of Labor, like tho Secretary
of tho Interior and the Forestry
Bureaa. regards the West aa the
happy hunting ground for social and
TttE FTKsr OCT J! TO.
-Unci Tom" will live as long as
the American people. Ill creator,
Harriet Beecher Stow, ha bar name
Indelibly atamped upon tho scroll of
fame. Tet who ha heard of Daniel
Worcester, tho man who presented
t'nele Tom on the American stage for
the first time following the dramatlxa.
Hon of Mrs. Stowe'a famoua novel?
Ill death tho other day In tho Ver
mont Koldiers Home attracted only a
few linea tn tha dispatches. Many
newspapers did not print even those
Daniel Worcester waa the last sur
vivor of the first Uncle Tom's Cabin
Company even as he was the first one
to appear In the title role. Ho at
tracted wide attention by hla Inter
pretation of the old darky back tn the
formative days of tho f if tie when
t'nele Toms had their existence la real
life. After the Initial appearance at
Xatlrk. Mass.. he company took the
production on the road aad their road
experience were In striking contrast
with those of tho company en tour
today. Publto bulldlnga aad achool-
bousew served tho purpose of theater,
and la tha larger New England can
ter their audience sat on tier of
bar planking, roughly set In placa for
When the call to arm for free
dom's sake was heard. Worcester
at onco put Into active practice what
ho had beea rrcbmg so effectively
from the stage. He shouldered a mus
ket and went forth with a Connecticut
regiment, After tho war he secured
ready engagemcnta with stock corn
panic, but his was not the apark of
genlu and he never roae above the
rank of plodder In hla profession.
Tet humble aa hi part appears, who
ran aay that It wa not a great ore
In bringing to a climax that upheaval
In the American Nation which pre
ceded America' steady rle to th
stature of a world power?
rOBXB BEItrXD DtrXOsLtCT.
If w are to believe the Washington
correspondent of th New Tork Even
ing Post. President Wilson H as de
termined ss ever either to obtain what
he wants ta the Ancona and Lusltanla
matter, or to break off relations with
Austria and Germany." Th cumu
lative causes of protest against viola
tion of American right are said
to explain his access of firmness and
promrtnea In dealing with Austria
nd France aa contrasted with Ms
toleration of Germany's dilatory ac
tion in tha Luaitania affair.
A more powerful motive for the
Government's Increase of energy and
peremptorlnee to to be found In the
criticism of the President's entire
treatment of the submartne warfare
by the press of this country and
Kurope and In tho absence of results
from his note. To the European
pres these note have become as
great a Joke as Mr. Ford's peace ex
pedition. Europe cannot conceive of
a dignified nation permitting negotia
tion regarding such an outrage as the
sinking of the Lusltanla to drag on
month after month.
Events have proved that there was
no force behind the Lusltanla notes,
hence the Journalists and statesmen of
the allied countries doubt whether any
results will follow tha more strongly
worded Ancona note. Consciousness
that this doubt exists may have
prompted th President to ua strong
language and to avoid delay. It la
reassuring to read this statement In
tho dispatch from the Post corre
spondent, who appears to have Inside
Put hacve the delays ef tha pavt.
fhere la aa tfovbt whatevar aa ta tba vta-or
of irila adranterm:la In tnalatlca upon
ail Ita a?maala down te tha leat comma
Tla Catloat la nnlt-dlr behind lie Pr-al-4nt.
an4 tba poiirf la ao cuartv S4ttl4
till a view ef a:l soeatble rontinenrl-e
that there Is a leasar aay Bead lr ills
It has taken Mr. Wilson a long time
to free himself entirely from the ef
fects of association with Mr. Bryan,
but this statement encourage hope
that at last he realizes the Ineffect
iveness of diplomacy unless backed by
force. Especially In dealing with a
nation at war force or th threat of
fore to the ultimate claim to re
spect. Fr merely showing It and
showing that we aro disposed to use
It. w can obtain any reasonable de
mand. ONE Or OCI BI2T ACT.
ecretary Lane's enthusiasm for
utilization of the Nation's nwli has
found no fitter field of action than
the National parks. He groas elo
quently descriptive tn dwelling on the
value of these "rarest placea of gran
deur and beautv" aa "ptayiroundB ef
th people." He reduces this value
to a money basis by saying that rail
road men estimate at 1100.000.000 the
amount usually spent In Europe which
has this year been divided among
railroads, hotels and supporting enter
prtes In tho United States.
The chief requisites to turn this tide
of tourist, travel permanently to the
National park and monuments are
roads, trails and hotels. Mr. Lane
propose that th Government make
them available a Switzerland and
Italy hav made theirs. He tells of
the "great highway along th Colum
bia niver" which Oregon recently
completed, and says: "This should be
connected by road with Mount Hood
and a portion of the present forest
reserve converted Into a park." Ho
mentions new hotels In Glacier Park.
Mount Rainier Park and Tosemlte
Park and suggests that more be built
in these and other parks. He predicts
that the parks will "become a more
precloua possession of the people, hold
ing them to the rurther discovery
of America and making them still
prouder of Its resources, esthetic as
well as material."
Tha only valid excuse for our neg
lect to exploit our natural scenic and
health resorts Is that we have so great
a country and so much work to do in
developing It that something has neces
sarily been shelved. But the time haa
come when we should atone for this
neglect. The automobile has made it
possible to travel tn comfort and with
speed over the highways. The clos
ing of Europe to tourists has turned
their attention to their own country.
If provision Is made for their com
fort, all except those who desire to
hobnob with European nobility or who
visit relatives across the Atlantio may
spend their future vacations in the
United Slates. But few of them care
to 'Tough It." They prefer comfort,
even luxury, and are willing to pay
for It. It Is good bualneaa to provide
It. If the Government will build the
road and give long leases on hotel
sites In tha parks, plenty of enterprls.
Ice- cltlxen will bo found to build ho
tela run auto staa-e and provide all
accommodation for tourist.
Oregon has a deep Interest in th
development of touriat travel, and the
Oregon delegation In Congress should
support any reasonable appropriation
asked by Mr. Lane. In Mount Hood
the Columbia River Highway. Crater
Lake and tha Joeechlne caves this
state ha great natural wonders an
beauties, and It should aid any move
to draw visitors to them.
IROHIBITI0N8 XTTtXT OS REV EM E.
Notwithstanding the frequent aaser
tlon of opponenta of prohibition that
It does not prohibit. It appears to hav
a decided Influence In decreasing th
consumption of alcoholic liquor. Th
report of the Internal Revenue Bureau
for the flecal year 115 shows that
ordinary receipts from taxes on liquor
and tobacco, excluding tha special
taxes tmpoaed by the emergency rev
enue law, decreased K5. DOS. 191. Ad
dition of the emergency tax on wines
and grapo brandy did not suffice to
prevent a decrease In revenue from
distilled spirits of tl4.47S.4T7. An. in
crease of Ii:.I7.4J4 In revenue on
fermented liquor was due to the emcr.
gency tax of 0 cents a barrel, which
yielded IIS. 713, (7t; the ordinary tax
r-c Ipta decreased S$.4(.:i$.
The effect of prohibition is shown
even moro forcibly In'the reduced pro
duction of liquor. This la 42.477,492
gallons for distilled liquors exclusive
of fruit brandies and (.181. let bar
rels for fanntnted liquors. Produc
tion of fruit brandies Increased 1.214
OSS gallons. There waa a decreaa of
10S In the number of dlstlUerie in
operation, which to now (35.
Prohibition seems to stimulate II
!-t production and s-ile of liquor,
particularly In the South, for SS17 il
licit distilleries were destroyed tn the
last fiscal year, compared with 2(77 tn
the preceding fiscal year. The Col
lector says: "There doc not appear
to be any abatement respecting the
illegal talo of liquor by bootleggers.'
and telle of many report of their op
erations, due to failure of local offi
cers to enforce state laws.
Strict observance of prohibition laws
can only be brouitht about gradually
and decrease In legal production of
alcoholic liquor will for a time be
partially offset by Increase la Illegal
production and sale. With twelve
states already tn th"e prohibition col
umn and with seven more about to
enter that column, lawful production
will surely decrease? faster than illicit
distilling can possibly Increase. Gov
eminent revenue from that source
will aurely shrink year by year, and
Congress must turn to other sources
of taxation. Income tax has apparent
ly become firmly fixed In our fiscal
system, and wo may have to accustom
ourselves to other Internal Imposts.
The Bulgarian sympathies of the
people In territory which Serbia an
nrxed In 1913 reveal one of tha dlf
flcultles In the way of carrying out
Sir Edward Grey's policy of fixing
national boundaries on racial lines.
Much of Macedonia is Bulgarian, but
Serbia was unwilling to give It up.
Italy claims territory chiefly Inhab
ited by Serbs and Croats. Much of
Alsace-Lorraine Is thoroughly Ger
manized, but France would still reclaim
It. Greeks aro numerous on the Asia
Minor coast, but Italy hungers for
territory there. On racial linea Ar
menia should be a separate nation
but Russia wants It. If the allies
should win. they would ignore race
and tho wishes of the people In dlvid
Ing Turkey. Sir Edward Grey's ideal
could never enter into practical pol
Major-General Wood Justly Is in
dlgnant over the acquittal of Colonel
Hirst of the charge of bad conduct.
All the Colonel Hid was to chain
private to a telegraph pole for nine
days Instead of putting him in the
guardhouse. The court seemed to
think the otfenvo wa alight, but the
American people will hold opinion
with General Wood.
An automobile ride on muddy roada
In mid-Winter to the supreme test of
conjugal affection. If the love of Mr.
and Mrs. Moorehead survives thst test.
it should endure through life.
The Nebraska law requiring hotels
to employ watchmen who shall awaken
their customers In case of fire is fine
In theory, but when a building is on
fire ho thinks about law?
Transfer of British munition orders
to Canada may make American man
ufacturers w tiling to accept war bonds
in parment. In fact, that may be the
The woman who came very near
being decapitated by her drunken hus
band a few nights ago made the mis
take of not seeing htm first with
The Bulgarian officer who pursued
Serbs across the Greek frontier will
probably get a slap on the wrist and
then bo consoled with a decoration.
It's a terrible situation. There's
not enough champagne In Portland to
make a bath for a man of luxurious
Portland has fighting policemen and
Oregon haa fighting station agent
Burglars and hold-up men, take no
With temperatures ranging to (5
below, the Ford party is having a
chilly time In Scandinavia.
Belgium at least, among tho allied
nations, makes no criticism of the
What fun the Wilsons had last
night opening the Christmas pack
agea! Many a Santa Claus sweats under
his make-up. but It is good for him.
Christmas gifts to employes do not
buy loyalty: they merely stimulate It
They sailed for Norway with bells
on, but are returning with cans.
Canada Is going after the munitions
business with a vengeance.
Do not fool with the grip at the
start. Sea a doctor.
Tou cannot find an Old Scrooge in
Henry ret out of the trench by
Chris tm as.
Business went with a whirl yester
day. Good old Muts!
SEWSPlPEnS IX IIOLIDAT DRESS
Pres f Xortkwest Meet Chrtatsaa
With Haadaome Special Simbtri.
Holiday issue of Oregon papers this
year exploit their business patrons in
"circus" advertising, rather than the
resources of their neighborhood. In
this respect the Marshfleld Times, with
30 pages within colored covers, and the
Marshfleld Record, in 24 pages, ' are
worthy of mention.
The Western World, of Bandon, In
its number of December IS, has more
of th characteristics of an annual in
telling In detail of the resources of
that section of Coos County and the
Coqullle region in particular. Its
"Christmas number" shows honest
The "Christmas number" of the
Msdford Sun, December 13, Is striking
In feature, of blue ink on its cover and
large display in Its advertising col
umns. The- business men of Medford.
whose absence in the Sun has been no
table, seem to have found the way at
The Dallas Observer Is a little out
of the ordinary for the holiday season.
Touching lightly on the city, it gives
much space to the rural schools and to
county resources in general.
The North Portland Times Is ordi
narily a little weekly paper punnsnea
In that part of the city that lies within
the bounds of the old Peninsular dis
trict. Its "Special Holiday Number."
however, shows the business men have
the spirit of appreciation to sustain E.
James Jones, the editor, in his effort to
let the light shine.
Tha Sutherlin Sun of December IT
smashes precedent in wnat an oia
knight of the atick and rule long ago
described as putting out "a nonpareil
paper in a small pica town." How
many people will know that Sutherlin
Is in an immense fertile section of
Douglas County until they read what
Editor Havner tells In his holiday num
ber? The merit is In the fact that he
does not exaggerate.
The 4S pages of the Evening Bulletin
of Walla Walla of December 16 indi
cate the presence of prosperity in the
Inland Empire city. Literary features
Include historical articles, something
on the big red apple, fraternal organi
zations and a review of the year lo
cally. Its advertising columns show
good display of handiwork, and. more
to the point, are well filled.
TO TUB BARD OF ATOi A TRIBUTE.
In common ground the Bard ot Ayr
Lamented by tha willow and the
The droning, ceaseless murmur of
Speaka constantly in one unchanging
The grass-grown, nurtured land yet
greets the eye-
Rich, mellow land bis plow was wont
From meadow, field and hawthorn
hedge we learn. .
Thla was hla place to labor and to die.
For him the daisy raised its simple
And e'en the humble clod would fain
Its gratitude; though dumb, though
low and meek.
Was of the multitude whose host he
His harp was strung to play each pass
That came and went with every
Of mind and will; but all to him were
For yet the timid mouse found friend
All living things In him found sym
Peasant and King were both of com
With no distinction drawn; and hon
Was mado the mark of God's nobility.
He knew the sting of poverty. Ills
Of life was fixed by no unyielding
He spoke the voice of freemen, brave
Sincerity be called earth's noblest
His pen was mighty as the roaring
Or gentle as Loch Flnlas' shimmering
Tbat murmured softly through the
When bathed in silv'ry beauty by the
Quaint "Tarn O'Shanter," "Brigs of
With graphic power portray the land
From sweet-dripped verse, as sun
kissed blades drip dew.
He with sarcasm fierce penned "Holy
He fought a splendid fight; the faith
With his own true devoted multitude.
(The worst he bore waa man's in
gratitude) O'er man's unkindly heart he often
His sins we cannot Judge; we can't
His love we have the best he bad he
His message was to cheer, to lift, to
From bondage who were to convention
A blessed herltare to us ho gave.
That richer grows with each suc
With man to serve, and God alone to
One with unfaltering atep walka to the
Throw off the rags of sham! For rags
Live simply your own life as God
To your own self be true, speak
your own mind.
Let honest purpose be your guiding
DENNIS H. BTOVALL.
. Cost of Charities.
PORTLAND. Dec 14. (To the Edi
tor.) Please give a list of the namea
nd waxes of the employes ot tne As
sociated Charities. Also amount of rent
nd other expenses. There seems to
be a feeling that the expenses are too
I think that councilman Bauer statea
that they received approximately
13.000 and It cost S9003 to dispense It.
He afterwards said that be was mis
taken, but did not say to what extent.
have never seen a statement or
receipts and disbursements. Is the
superintendent drawing wages while
The Oregonlan on November 7, 1915,
published a statement of disbursements
t the Associated Charities for 1914.
A total of S27.910.91 was paid out, of
which 19123 94 constituted overhead ex
pense payment for services of daily
isltors to homes of needy, general ad
ministration expenses and cost of col
lecting funds. Secretary Manning is
on leave of absence without pay.
Hatters In Portland
ALBANY. Or.. Dec. 23. (To the Ed
itor.) Please publish the name and
ddress of a Portland firm that cleans
nd blocks men's felt hats.
Tom Johnson. 429 Alder street; The
Hat Box. 235 Morlson street; L Kauf
man, ii Third street. j
OLD ENGLISH POEM CALLED rP
"Chrystsnaese Bel Is," Whose Anthorahlp
Is Unhn tm. Is True Poetry,
PORTLAND. Dec 24. (To the Edi
tor.) The following from the old
English, authorship unknown, merits a
conspicuous place among the most
dainty and delightful poems, of which
several inferior samples have recently
been submitted to you: B. JONES.
Two sorrie thynges there be, ay, three;
A neste from whych ye fledgings have
A lambe forsaken;
A redde leafe from ye wild rose rudely
Of gladde thynges there be more, ay.
A Jarke above ye olde nests blithely
A Wilde rose, clinging In safety to a
A shepherd bringing a lambe, found, in
And Chrystmasse bells a-ringing.
Liquor and Tobacco Revenues.
GRAS3 VALLEY, Or., Dec. 22 (To
the Editor.) Please give me figures
showing the amount of National reve
nue from the different sources. J would
like to know the amount net of the
Internal revenue and how it compares
with the amount received from the
customs duties. Also how much re
cetved from Use tax on liquor and to
bacco alone. T. M. ROUTE.
The internal revenue collected on al
cohollo beverages In 1914 was 1226,
180. 000; on tobacco and manufactures
of tobacco, S7I,S7.000. The sum of
S19.205.000 waa collected in customs
revenue on alcoholic liquors and (26,
892,000 in customs revenues on to
The total Internal revenue for 1914
was S380.041.007.30; expense of collect
ing same, 35,542,353.55.
The total customs revenue was $292
320,014.51; expense of collecting was
hatareB OsJy Way.
WASHOUCIAL. Wash., Dec 22. (To
the Editor.) A contributor to The
Oregonlan's correspondence column
seeks to cast discredit upon the evo
lutionary theory. At this late day It
seems strange for any thoughtful man
to be Inveighing against this well-established
theory. But it seems there
Is occasionally one who feels it lncum
bent to make all facts and theories
harmonle with Holy Writ, Instead of
insisting that as nature and her facts
were here long before the Mosaical
record, she has the right of way.
Evidently Mr. Cllne cannot believe
that man has sprung from a tadpole or
even that amphibians spring from
them. He ought to know that every
individual living creature was at its
Inception nothing more nor less than
an initiniteslmal tadpole; it Is nature's
only way of beginning life.
Proof, Not Aspersions, Wanted.
PORTLAND, Dec. 24. To the Ed
itor.) Would Wlllard T, Carmack mind
giving us a little light on the subject
of evolution instead of personal as
persions and cheap "buncombe? Nor
does a rambling statement of what
somebody else thinks help out much.
C. E. CLINE.
Language of Flowers.
Washington (D. C.) Star.
"Do you understand the language of
flowers?" said the sentimental youth.
"No," replied Miss Cayenne. "I don't
know that I should care to have my
conversation regulated by the kind of
vegetation that happened to be in sea
son." Speaking of TJnpreparedneas.
Detroit Free Press.
"Speaking of unpreparednrss. the
delicatessen shop thrives on it." "How
so," "If people were always ready for
unexpected company, it wouldn't Io
half the business it does."
Sign of Her Age.
Miss Phortee I told Mr. Beach I was
2S, and he said I didn't look it- Her
Brother Well, you don't; you haven't
looked It for 12 years.
REVIEW OF THE GREAT WAR
In The Sunday Oregonian
The Sunday Oregon tomorrow will present a complete review of
the European war from its inception in the Summer of 1914 to the
present time in chronological order. The principal event or events
of each day since the war began will be mentioned briefly. The
review covers all the activities of the conflicting nations.
PORTLAND IN ITS "FREE AND EASY" DAYS The approach of
the prohibition period recalls the times, two or three decades ago,
when conditions particularly in the historic "North End" pre
sented a strange contrast. Those were the days when the roulette
' wheel, the faro bank and the poker tables were a common sight. A
staff writer has reviewed the situation, relating some of the most
exciting incidents by way of contrast to what may be expected in
the future. The story is illustrated with photographs and a half
WALLLNGFORD SCORES AGAIN Are you reading the Wallingford
stories in The Oregonian each Sunday? If you are not, you are
missing some very interesting and entertaining reading. Walling
ford is presented in a series of escapades even more delightfully
exciting than the original Wallingford adventures of several years
MONTAGUE GLASS HERE Birsky and Zapp, the new character
creations of Montague Glass, are attracting wide attention from the
readers of The Sunday Oregonian. A new story, presenting these
inimitable talksters, will appear tomorrow. Birsky and Zapp, many
people say, are even funnier than Potash and Perlmutter, the char
acters that originally brought Mr. Glass into prominence.
TEMPLE'S SKETCHES The sketches from life, drawn for The Sun
day Oregonian by Temple, are better than ever this week. Watch
ADVICE TO GOLF PLAYERS Women readers of The Oregonian
who play golf are interested in the weekly articles advising them
how the game should be played. Tomorrow's story will tell them how
to keep in practice at home. It is written by an accepted authority
on the subject.
MOVING-PICTURE NEWS Tomorrow's paper will include the
usual array of motion-picture news. One page will be devoted to
items of general interest, including an installment of a short story
now running in the Sunday issue. The usual attention to detail
will be given in covering the activities of the motion-picture world
STORY OF MARCUS WHITMAN Addison Bennett writes entertain
ingly sts ever of one of the Pacific Northwest's most celebrated
pioneers. Incidentally he explodes a myth, given circulation in
the East, that the Northwest has not appreciated Whitman or fit
tingly honored his memory.
PORTLAND'S WAR SCARE Few people know that Portland once
had a war scare. But it did, and a writer tomorrow will tell how
Indians terrified the town in pioneer days.
OF LNTEREST TO CHILDREN All the characters in the comic sec
tion will perform unusual antics tomorrow in celebration of the
approaching New Year's festival. They are aimed to delight the
little folks particularly. Donahey's page of fairy tales, illustrated
in colors, also will be an attraction for the little ones.
OTHER SPECIALTIES FOR SUNDAY The usual array of sporting
news will be offered tomorrow, as well as the customary real estate,
automobile, society and dramatic news. A whole page will be de
voted to the activities of the Portland schools and other pages to
women and the churches.
In Other Days
Twenty-five Years Ago.
From The Oregonfan, December 25, 1890.
Washington Tho resolution intro
duced by Senator Mitchell to secure the
opinion of the Judiciary committee as
to the expiration of the existing Chi
nese laws, is for the purpose of deter
mining whether the restriction act ex
pires In 1892 or 1894.
Chicago Thousands of Christmas
presents were ruined when the water
pipes in the Government building broke
yesterday as a result of the (settling
of the building.
Succl, the Italian, has finished his 45
days of fast in New York City.
Seattle, Dec. 24. Ever since the new
steamer Bailey Gatzert was put on her
regular run to Tacoma. the Greyhound,
the flyer from Portland, has been en
deavoring to have a "brush" with her
handsome and taunting rival, but tha
Gatzert refused to race. Yesterday,
however, the Greyhound caught the
Bailey Gatzert and forced a race. Tho
Greyhound won after an exciting race
in which much money changed hands
among the passengers. The Gatzert
was the favorite at the start. The
Greyhound won by a mile.
There is mining excitement east of
the mountains. The following have
filed claims in the Sprague River dis
trict: J. S. Fuller, J. I. Waters. G. Gay
lord, Frank Splllane. S. Gaylord, Jerome
Gaylord, E. N. Walker, L. P. Klippel.
J. M. Small, W. N. Sutton, L. G. Ross.
N. P. Fuller. Dell Brattain.
Mlsa Julia Wirt, formerly manager
of the Western Union at Pendleton,
will be put in charge of the Pacific
Postal office to be opened in East Port
land. E. L. Eastham, of Oregon City, who
has been ill for a long time has re
covered sufficiently to be removed from
the residence of P. F. Morey to his own
Half a Century Ago.
From The Oregonlan, December 25, 1865.
The letter from the regular corre
spondent of The Oregonlan In New
York has arrived. It was dated Nov
ember 20. It says the French-Canadians
are holding meetings to form an
association which shall extend through
out the United States and hold annual
meetings. Though the matter is not
mentioned outwardly there is little
doubt that the object is to forward,
what is regarded as inevitable in time,
the admission of Canada into the
Governor Curry of Oregon delivered
an address recently at the Merchants'
Exchange in Boston, Mass., on the re
sources of the Northwest and Pacifio
Coast and the best means of develop
ing commercial relations between that
section and the New England Coast.
Major-General Rosecrans who has
been traveling on the Pacific Coast
studying tho gold and silver regions,
has returned to New York.
George Stephenson, one of the sur
vivors of Dr. Kane's expedition in
search of Sir John Franklin, died re
cently. Senator Gporge H. Williams has
written to The Oregonlan that he
thinks a semi-weekly mail service can
be obtained for the Hillsboro-Forest
John M. Emery and Caroline M.
Higrginson were married recently in
this city. Hon. Richard Post and Miss
Emma H. King, eldest daughter of J. N.
King, Esq., were married December 4,
in Whatcom County, Washington.
Compensation Law and Farmers.
HALL. Wash.. Dec 23. (To the Ed
itor.) Kindly inform me about tho
Washington compensation act. Does
it apply to farm laborers working for
individual farmers, or does it only ap
ply to men working for corporations?
Ordinary farm labor Is not Included
in any of the 4S classifications of em
ployments that come under the Wash
ington compensation law. In other
employments defined as hazardous no
distinction is made between individual
employers and corporations.