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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 11, 1915)
VOL. LVe-!VO. 17.176.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
BIG MOVABLE GUNS II
WAR WILL IMPROVE
FIRE ONE TROUBLE
SIX ESCAPE BOMB
FIRED UNDER HOME
FOR COAST LIKELY
AT BREAKING POINT
AMKRICM PBOniBLT WILL fOL-
REPORT OP CONTROL- OP BLAZE
ITALIANS, FEARING 'BLACK
UANTV DELAY POLICE CALL.
LOW t,r.KMA ei.vmfle.
CRISIS WITH VIENNA
Supreme Court Is Unan
OPINIO!) IS LONBEST FILED
UoaaMag. of Gigantic KXpou m
ytoo Tracks or Railway
Wilson Forecasts Tri
umph of Justice.
Effect Adjudicates for AH Time
Validity of Direct Legis
OTHER MEASURES UPHELD
Woman Suffrage and Recall
Likewise Affected Court
OLYJtriA. Wash, Dec. 1L (Spe
cial.) Washington"! prohibition la
. upheld nnafiiraoasljr by the So-
prerae Court todjy end will become
effective January L
TY.i diion. the longest ever filed
fat the hUtory cf th court. containing
lijixt woru', rot orjy validate the
Initiative prohibition measures, bat
aUo specifically upholds the initiative
and rifrrendam amendment to the
constitution against th latest and
moat weighty cf the objection
brought against it.
The affect cf th decision is to ad
jii.ij.at for all time the validity of
the direct legislation amendment.
Suffrage a ad Recall t'phetd Also.
Sine the tarn objection urged
against the Initiative and referendum
tmemiaeat. that of insufficient pob
Ixation. eocld be urged etroal'y
gainst the t(iua suffrage rd re
ran amendment.. the real effrt cf to
day's decision alto fee to nphotd these
add.'ier.a to ttiat constitution.
The majority opinion wu written
by Jadge Emmett N. Farter, with
Chief Justice Cecrre E. Jlorru and
Jie a G. tl.i.. O. R. HotconS.
John F. yi-ta and WaHac Mount coo-curhnx-
There arc no dissenting
pinion... but J mix S. J. Chadwks.
rotes, tn a separate opinion, that he
d.ies not follow the reasoning of th
eujority. bat y iJ.i hi J.idgmer.t and
cpi-un in the result "not because J?
M the. law as I hod understood it. but
fcerao.se: tt ha been so declared by a
Jadge M. A. FuTterton notes that
fee does not follow the majority rea
iir.ifj. bot mn-uf In the result and
will file a separate opinion later rath
er than postpone further the fiiirf
of the decision.
Irregularity Not Noticed.
Briefly, the Supremo Court decide
that it cannot, and will not, notice ad
mitted IrreguUrties in connection with
the publication both of th Initiative
and referendum amendment and the
prohibition law. which, though stipu
lated by counsel ra the rate, do not
appear a part of tho official state
records and are cot matters of com
mon notoriety. This disposes cf the
Tee court tnen drU that any
luestion cf interference with ir.tr
slate commerce it settled by tho
WSb Kenyan act cf Ctngress cf 1513,
divesting intoxicating liquor of its
interstate character, and that the
prWiVges in regard to sate and pre
emption cf liquor rar.tcd to pharma
and physician do not constitute
j-h discrimination a. to invalidate
The one crumb of comfort left fw
th " e" is that the court did not
pa.s on any constitutional question
raUcd from th cmumers' standpoint,
the cocrt statmr specifically that
since this was an injunction action to
prevent enforcement of the act OTiIy
questions invoivir.r property rights
ciKiM be considered. Mont of the
premUe U extracted from this factor
by the following statement upholding
the "savinf clause. which provide
that the act. aj a whole, shall remain
effective thoagh any single peoruion
Three Contention Senssarijed.
In the decision the three contentions
in opposition tn the prohibition law
re suremsrtied fcy the Supreme Court
"First The sventh amendment to
enr state constitution, providing for
tne ini'iative and referendum, was not
saZy submitted to and adopted by the ,
people and b. therefore, not valid!
W ASJItNGTOX. TW. It Glcsottc
monniH oa motor iroras or ran-
r cars prcbably will be added to the
eeaairy'a romat defease syetem as a re
eett ef eser!mats aow sets mad
Amy ordaaace eiaerta. It was
leara.d today that a acftemo t eta
wrkd eat coot.meUilog the estas-
t(kseai ef Bo:!e bactertee t pre
lect stretcke of coast llaa not eom-
ssasded tr tke ptrni4i.nl forUricatloaa.
T6o Careseaa war fcaa demoastxaled
Ik i blca-so-wer sraaa caa kst ssd as
neklle weapeas. soca vaae aa tk Oar.
avaa -eeaUmetr bewtuar barlnc rev-
etattealaed laod warfare by tke oasr
redtctloa of forts beltevsd lmprenbta.
tt preooeed to adapt tbts leeeoa to
Am.rlraa coast defease by ireklec OP
fvrvtanent works wllb well-ballasted I Timidity
Kiug roads or railways parallelicsT tbe
ro. i use. so tkat tbe beavy (una could
be rosked to any tkrealeaed potst not
protected by tbe arsseat barber da-
Tke pfrtmests la prerresa aro be
In c stade t deternalae kow bis; a n
caa be traasportod errectlvaiy aae
traasferred from Its carrtaca to a cos
rrete fosiadatloa. Conslderattoa Is
la ctvea to IS. 14
evea lareer weapoaa.
SPIRITUAL OPPORTUNITY SEEN
Menace from I Tames Unlikely to
Have Been Great. la View
f Company OfftclaL
HAN FRANCISCO. Deo. Through
tho announcement that fire la tho
Minnesota's bankers bad been brought
OBder control It wss learned hero to
day for tho first time that a threat'
eaed conflagration was among tke
troubles, real and surmised, with which
Business Men Uraed to Carry oanie-. of the oraat North
I s Vi- .
... i i m a I ww b e3b,asTi inimp enipsaB oig nwiv-
wgn laeajs Aoroao.
MONOPOLY IS ATTACKED
Charged Against Tboae
Who "Kua to Washington for
Help Mexico to Work Out
Its Problems by Itself.
COl.VWm. Ou Dee. It. FYeeldent
Wilson axsreased tke opinion tooay
and l-larh sad I that there would be no -patchsd-up"
peace following tho European war. la
aa addrese before the Columbus Cham-
FWRIWPPR IllPinP h' of Commerce he urged American
or. bae bad to contend since kls ship
left Seattle, November 14 for London
with a ll.soo-ton cargo of foodstuffs.
C W. WUey. marine superintendent
for tho Oreat Northern Steamship
Company, who Is hero awaiting the
Minnesota's arrival, said tonight that
he bad received word from Captain
Carllck that the fire was under con
troL Tie said that fire In the coal
bunkers was not a new experience for
tho Minnesota, and that he did not
balleve the vessel bad been In any real
danger from this cause. He said fur
ther that be had no reason to believe
that the fire originated from other
than natural causes.
It was said hero today that eight of
the Minnesota's boilers were la use.
but that after supplying tke steam for
tht opsratlon of dynamos, refrigerat
ing machinery, steering gear and other
Internal mechanism there was little
left for propulsion.
I business men to mobilise tbelr ro-
Llentraanl-Colonel Rromwell Koand sources so the United States might be QfJ UlfH MAULS STUDENTS
lbo la Head at lloaolala.
p rep a red to play a more Important part
tn tke world's affairs and to bring
itovntJ-u- T tt. rw is Lientea. about Joetlce after tbe present wsr.
aat-Ceionel Charles . Uromwi'.L bead too rresioeni spun i. ... ' "
of the Army Engloeer Corps here, wasllumbua, during which bo was active
tnnnA with a bullet hale thfauik the I evarv minute. in addition to tne
h.. i.f. tul.v. A i mrrr.v reealver I Chamber ef Commerce speech, be de
lay by hi side,
Arkansas College President Deals
Ont Black Eyes.
RCS5ELVILLE. Axle. Dec. 10. Fol
lowing the second strike within 10
He died two konrsl livered an address tonight before thelfnonths of tke students of the Second
Mrs. Bromwetl and their daughter are
la tke Catted Mates, where tba latter
la attending school. Tbe Colonel was
alone la bla rseiUence wbea tbe shoot
OCEAN RECORD IS BROKEN
(irv-al Northern) Makes Kan Franrta-
ro-llonalala Ran Voder d Days.
KAN FRANCISCO. Deo. 1 Tke
Ureal Northern Pact fie Steamship Coi
posy's terkise User Oreat Northern
iallhd a aew record between Hoa
etutu aad San Francisco when she ar
rived bre toatcht la days. US fcours
f rum the taad port.
This lowered her own record, made
oa the eotwatd passage, ef 4 days. 10
bers aad i mlautea.
POPE RECOMMENDS PEACE
Mrwaege Krai to Kaleer Through
ROVC fc. t relayed la traasmls-
sioo, ardisal lel!s von llartmaan.
.Xrrhblahop ef Cologne, left Home to--Cit
after aglin seeing I'opa Benedict.
Thm rerdiasl ld lsl he ass the
t-r-r ef a papal me.eage for tmpervr
W illiam ad aleo recomiiMBslaltoas for
It Is understood that Cardinal voa
llATtasana probably will e I'rlace i
llu.toe. -rmaa Anbaaeador lu Italy.
Commission on "Country and Churcn
Llfa of tho Federal Council ef the
Churches of Christ of America." shook
bands with more than 7000 persons at
a reception la tho rotunda of the state
capital, spoke briefly to a large crowd
from the steps of tho capltol. aad took
a lone walk about tho a treats of Co-
Me i Ira a raltry Defended,
la tho Cheoiber of Commerce ad
drees tbe President defended his Mexl
caa policy aad said so long aa he was
President nobody should "butt la" to
alter tbe Mealcaaa government for
them: urged business men to psy more
attention to forefgn commerce aad to
be mere self-rellsnt: demanded tba
restoration of the American merchant
marine, praised tho aew banking and
currency law. and touched on the attl
lode ef tbe Vol ted Statee toward the
"Vrhen the present great conflict la
Europe Is over, the world Is going to
wear a different aspect.- Mr. Wilson
declared "I don't believe there Is go
ing to be any patrhed-up peace. I be
lieve that thoughtful men of every
country and of every sort will Insist
that, wbaa we get peace again, wa
eha:t have guarantees that H wt;l remain.
Mediation Faree Predicted.
f believe that tbe spirit -h!cb has
r'md bltr.erto in the hearts of Amer
icans, and la like people everywhere la
the world, will assert Itself once and
for all In Intemallonsl affairs, and
that If Amerlra preserve her pots.
District State Agricultural College, the
strikers waylaid President Scott to
night, and attempted to chastise him
with a rasor strap.
President Kcott said ha wss over
powered by overwhelming numbers, but
that be administered vastly more pun
lshment than be received. Ho Is of
powerful physique, and the black eyes
and bruised and swollen features of
some of the students corroborated the
CITIZENSHIP IS IN DOUBT
Henry Streblg to Give Fp Seat In
Council, Won at Election.
OREGON C1TT. Or.. Dae. 10. (Spe
cial.) Henry Btreblg. who was elected
a Gladstone Councilman last Monday,
today declared bis Intention of resign
ing because of bis Inability to establish
Mr. Streblg Is uosble to establish be
yond a reasonable doubt that bis fsther
took out second papers before the boy
was of age.
F. T. Barlow, retiring Councilman.
declares bo wl!l not bold over. The
Council probably will elect a successor.
May Be Severed.
REPLY TO NOTE IS AWAITED
Holes Are Torn In Araato Home and
Glass Doors Shattered by
Force of Charge Set.
The two-Btory home of Frank Amato,
I a wealthy vegetable dealer who lives
at 668 Division street, was damaged at
11 P. M. Thursday night by tho explo
sion of a bomb which had been placed
under the front porch. The fragments
of the bomb tore several holes in the
Submarine's Seizure of Pro- floor or porch' and Bhattere,i
iB . . "Ja In the front door of tho building.
visions Makes New Issue. Mrs. Amato was the only member of
the family who beard the explosion.
She thought the sound was caused by
an automobile, and tho bomb was not
WASHINGTON IS ANXIOUS "covered unUl yesterday morning. The
Amatos feared that the explosion was
a "Blacit Hand" act, and did not report
it to the police until late yesterday.
Detectives Leonard and La Salle were
assigned to tho cane. The officers col
lected several metal pellets under the
porch. The fragments led the police
to believe that tbe bomb consisted of
a lead pipe filled with small chunks of
dix memoers or the family were
sleeping In tho house. They were Mr.
and Mrs. Amato, their three sons and
Storm Breaks When
Subject Is Broached.
SWEEPING INQUIRY DEMANDED
Practice of Holding Cp Neutral I
Vessels for Supplies Held to
Extend Radius of IT-Boats
Without Own Bases.
Lodge Would Investigate. Se
curity of Life at Sea.
PROPERTY IS SECONDARY
Hoke Smith Precipitates Conflict
With Resolution Covering Only
Trade Interference, Ignoring
WASHINGTON. Doc. 10. Diplomatic
relations with Austria aro in gTave a : 6-year-old d auirhter.
danger of being broken off over the The police say that tho small damage
sinking of the Italian liner Ancona was due to the fact that the bomb was
with tho loss of American lives. All not properly constructed
officials here continue to preserve si
l.nc. over the negotiation, with Au.- SUC,DES ssjaj EPIDEMIC
trta. but through the veil which has
been drawn about the situation. Is seen German officers Said to Have End-
crlsls Just as grave as that which
attended the submarine negotiations
The question of continuing diplo
matic relations may be said to depend
on a satisfactory reply to Secretary
Lansing's note, which now probably la
before the Vienna Foreign Office, de
ed Lives on Russian Front.
PETROGRAD. via London, Dec. 10.
Another epidemic of suicides Is re
ported among the German forces In tne
vicinity of Dvlnsk by prisoners cap
tured in that region. Nine officers, in
ure said to have ended their lives
within 13 days. Cold and hardships of
the campaign are said to be the cause.
Polish and Serbian landsturms, cap
tured from the Austro-German force
along the southern front, report that
new alignment of Austro-Germans
has been removed to forage food and
stores from the captured territory at
points near the frontier.
mending a disavowal of tbe sinking of I eluding the commander of a battalion
the Ancona. reparation for the lives
lost and assurances that passenger
hips shall not bo attacked without
warning- or any opportunity for non-
combatants to take placea of safety.
Reply Awaited With Aaxlety.
The situation tonight is tense and
fraught with possibilities. It Is com
pared to the last days of the Arabic
egotiatlons with Germany, when
probably no one but President 'Wilson
himself knew how close the country
was to a severance of diplomatic rela
tions with Berlin.
Officials of the State Department
will not discuss the American note
even so lar as to say ii mejr oo
whether It baa reached Vienna or when
they expect to permit publication of it
thla country. It is taken for
granted in official circles generally
BRITISH VOTE HITS LIQUOR
Opponent of Drink Restriction
Defeated for Parliament.
War Plant Is Damaged.
SUCTII IIKTMI.EHEM. Pa. Dec.
An explosion today In the fore plant
of the Bethlehem St.el Company at
Redlngton. six miles fn-ro here, killed
one workmen and Injured It others.
exeral of them serlounly.
LONDON. Dec. 10. A rebuke to the
liquor interests was seen in tbe re
election today to the House of Com
mons of Postmaster-General Herbert
however, that the communication ca- SamUeI over Henry Knight, a printer
bled last Tuesday must nave oeen ue- of Leeds.
livered before this and a reply Is anx
Kelsere ef Provisions Reported.
A further complication developed to
dav when. It was disclosed thst
In a bye-election in the Cleveland
division of North Riding, Yorkshire, he
polled 7312 votes as againut Knight's
Mr. Knight opposed recent enact
Austrian submarine which shelled the ments restricting liquor sales, declar
American Standard Oil tank ship Pe-
trolite in the Mediterranean last week
sent a boarding psrfjr and took part of
the ship's provision!. This news came
In a consulsr dispatch from Algiers
and wss the first official word of the
safety of tho Pr-n-. which wag not
greatly dsmsged by the shelling and
Ing he represented the concensus of
opinion among the laboring classes.
INDEX OF TODAY'S
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T 1 ' :
GOWN SMUGGLING CHARGED
Wife of Prominent New Yorker to
NEW YORK, Dec. 10. Announcement
made today by Dudley Field Ma-
lone. Collector of "the Port, that Mrs.
Whitney Warren, wife of a prominent
New York detective, will be prosecuted
for failure to declare gowns and other
articles purchased abroad. The ar
ticles will be forfeited.
Mrs. Warren arrived here November
1J. after a -six weeks' visit to Franca
In the Interests of the Secours Na-
ITALIANS IN TRIPOLI LOSE
Tribesmen Kill 6000, Says Constan
BKRL1N. Iec. 10. (By wireless to
Sayvllle, N. T.) Reports from Con
stantinople say that well organized
Senuesi tribesmen and Trlpolltanians
have occupied the wnole vilayet of
The Senussl forces also entered ICasa-
syrt. where they are reported to have
routed the Italians. The Italians are
Fald to have lost 6000 men killed and
to have abandoned a large quantity of
.rni! and ammunition.
CARD GAMES UNDER BAN
Major Proposes Ordinance Directed
Anent the card games in pool rooms
Mayor Albee yesterday presented an
ordinance to the Council making It
unlawful to have card tables or to per
mit card playing In pool halls. The
measure also provides specifically that
an ante room in a pool hall shall be
I considered part of the hall.
It is asserted by Mayor Albee that
there has been gambling: in card games
I and gives that as his reason for want
ing the card table banished.
BOMB STORY SCARES CREW
I Jul mm -ne Sailors Mutiny on Muni
tion Ship at Seattle.
SEATTLE, Waslu Dec 10. (Special.)
I A mutiny took place on the Japanese
freighter Shlntsu Maru here today,
when 13 members of the crew notified
I Captain Uto they would not go to sea.
Three men deserted. The ship Is load
ing war munitions for Vladivostok, in
WASHINGTON. Dec 10. Ths long
expected storm in Congress over the
Administration's conduct of the de
fense of American rights on the seas
broke today when Senator Hoke Smith,
Democrat, demanded an investigation
of Great Britain's interferences with
neutral trade and Senator Lodge, Re
publican, replied with a demand that
any Investigation include the loss of
"Tho body of an innocent child, float
ing dead on the water, the victim of
destruction of an unarmed vessel, is
to me a more poignant and more tragic
spectacle than an unsold bale of cot
ton," declared the Massachusetts Sen
ator. Subject Precipitates Debate.
To Senator Smith's resolution for an
investigation of trade Interferences,
Senator Lodge, who is tlie ranking mi
nority member of the foreign relations
committee, offered an amendment for
Investigation of the laws and tho tacts
In the submarine attacks on the Lusl
tania, Falaba, Hesperian, Arabic, Gulf
light and Ancona and of the plots and
conspiracies against the neutrality of
the United States to which President
Wilson referred in his address to Con
Both resolutions were referred to the
foreign relations committee, on which
further action will depend. Their in
troduction, however, had served to
bring out tho first debate of the ses
sion of a subject to which all minds
Protection of Life Demanded.
Senators on both sides of tbe cham
ber were drawn into the discussion,
which was precipitated by a vigorous
speech by Senator Smith in support of
I wish to extend the scope of ths
resolution by my amendment," said
Senator Lodge, as tho Georgia Senator
concluded, "because if we are to ta&
up this question of the violation of
our rights. I want to put it, not on
the lowest ground alone, but on the
highest ground as well. I think it Is
of great importance that we should
vindicate our rights as a neutral in
trade if those rights have been vio
lated, but I think it Is far more im
portant that we should extend protec
tion and assure security to American
citizens wherever they rightfully are.
for I do not believe that any govern
ment can long retain the respect of
its ow n people if it does not givo them
the protection to which they are en
Life Put Above Dollar.
I think Americans should be pro
tected in their lives and in their lib
erty everywhere. I do not think they
ought to bo murdered by retail and
in obscurity in Mexico or openly by
wholesale on the high seas.
'Although 1 am as anxious any any
one can be to care for our rights iu
rade if they are violated, to me Amer
ican lives are more important than
American dollars. If this investigation
is to go on, and especially If Congress
is to take action, I want it to take in
II the violations of our rights that
may have occurred. Tho most impor
tant is 'the violation which has af
fected American lives or the security
i Concluded on Page 'J, Column 1.)
PROSPERITY OF OREGON
FARMERS TO BE TOLD.
Resumes of progress in. every
county in Oregon during 1915
will form a feature of the state
section of the New Year's edition
of The Oregonian. These reports,
compiled by persons competent
to discuss conditions in the re
spective counties, will show the
most important development that
took place during the year in
each county. They will be of
great value also in supplying in
formation to persons seeking lo
cations in Oregon.
A gratifying feature is that,
almost without exception, these
reviews are decidedly encourag
ing in tone and show that Ore
gon, as a whole, is in a prosper
ous condition. Farm production
was extensive and growers re
ceived generally high prices for
their products. Better farming
methods are being followed and
marked progress in intensive
agriculture is noted. In no bet
ter way can these facts be
brought to the attention of the
outside world than through the
forthcoming Annual Edition of
iCttUJ4 efM Is. lea L
cluding E00 tons of explosives, ,