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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 10, 1915)
TITi: MOKNIXO ORrRONIAX. FRIDAY. DECEMBER 10, 19f5.
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ta 14 M4M. eea V
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.ae ... rterw v.er- "
. UU4.il. !. "'"T
a, . .....a, .-r ..a.i'. ..
Itrun ravrwUU. H. J. -
nine full bleat The supply of IMPle
kept up t th demand with some
difficulty. Nor W U surprising that In
thew direful day IhouMidt of etrtck
rn Ilurvrean should seek that solar
which Is f..uo. by lit Christian wF.hln
th Inspired precinct of Ihe scrip
I ire. Only Ih ammunition makers
ar enjojtrg a greater prosperity lhan
th Hible maker.
rnno. tw.ii.. orr. . -
T Orn public. a rwu'l of dt-
i.u f"! trrr.rr ef tha Oaf
maa ert a rr-1a prorutioa c
tiut:on. out tsa ra::rj.l com
ran rf'J-- f a imlt Itut tt ha b
li:k.a.l. Lwtrrm .c-itiuo to heap up tfe
flfKt la iir.our.ft
I'-iblK '..merit.. l-n.tr,
fltnt.-ur! liia tn.l In ;arrnK"y.
hri i t.-.a fl.tit muj-t tuotir.u
Mm ft:t ba roika IC m -joJ t:M.
TRra U. t 't txampl. A l.lt mattar
rf :.' a-ra ot Ia4. formerly la-
r-i-.i antftin in (rt. Ifia tatu4 o
hie!. rt et'. 't fcr th Jiuprem
I'.uft n. Th'a bri.i .-rr
war m!I br taa rilro.xi eompcy la
-noiatititi ef t ei(C Icrrr ct tt
i-i. Tl K ty ' diapo'! o
I-) et-:ar t.ia ctuat a-'tr. m t.-ct
ae on tS.a I a r t
nr.t'- B'rv.!vr an.i at a. prw
eaa-i C I . it P'f i.T.
Th 'iprm C'Jurt. ta iel!iB V.-.m
caa li-,voi.r t.l nw II UcCa. loo
enliAOr- of tn;J t.iUti"0 ot &
fret tarma I lha attral that it or-!ra-J
a d'-ra ajlthout praj4l.-t to
ocner rutit or rtue.i. whieh
l-ia r.onrt!Tietit iriiM hta ueier
I !ral'-nat fl ti.t dirrvtina tha
. t:or-)ar-fr-"rl futitut f'fSeU
l ira pra.j:r;t.
AJ atita OfifiB. ef coulM, C1
TH lit d:f"t action, but It can baa
aom lnfl jnra ! I atarticx as
:tlo to eooapl th r;:r1 crnp4e J
! d!.-ir5r. It fc am J lo Th
(irtrr.US. tha aTiptJor, t.al
Coecr'M caB"t compel th railroad
to ::. tht hr 44 th Iru baju
f-r rem;romi A an loJuaroecl
t 16 compter tuunct t torn
tUa whlcCl ouIJ Inurt Um-slUU
cnaitrilos ef the rsct I laduatrtaj
a arrwo'ior! u. la t.-. har.Ja of
a-ri4va boH'O. ani Injur 19 th
rlrol th alu ef I: it pr acre
reefarrci npoo it. it fc probais! thar
aoull eot ba ar!ou objac-
tloct l th paaiu- by Cuttrwi of
lt,t roc?'.rtnirc .c baratoror ma J a
la loitioa of th rrant tcrraa.
Pat tpraotlr lh rItr4 co"
titr do Btt datir lrm. It d
ao.: Ih rraet. Th coolantioa !-
anea.J by Mr. Durn that th rail
r-4l U at)tJ to Ch fall Im of
t t:nrbr l litlt hort of an aaaar
t:oo ef l.t-'a -:choia aubasastlail r-
:.-tctlort. Almod th Bot market
lu of th Ui'U tolAjr tlr In the
i:n ard .-nbr.
i: .1 pmc.d.r.e further a.'ju I'Atlon of
tti. ut-a bu an lu of i:a oa
M.:h ran be broufM t" the fgre. The
Stout Hern ractric a rta ;;i to th
lir.l la f aimple. except that Ic roujl
bay th term of th rnt if It aai:j
ta Uai. It U coatcod4 thai It tan
a.I or rernoi th timber or fjrm or
thanata dvet"P or leu th lend.
If that b trua Orecoa can tax the
Un-la at tha r full -lain. If the rail
T'm.4 N er)ti'.!4 to the f jll emolumenta
f a f' a.cn; ti'.ie ao loej aa It re
Ulna the Uu-. obtooa!y It mujt euo-
a.it th ebiiaatidoa of aa otaar la
loe a, it rlehta ar aam4
t b aoen'tMrc 1 the utur of aa
l'4;:y ef il.Zt pr acra ar.4 bo more
thar t naturally aum haaitancy
aSout In -( th Un.ia ea a aiuatla
f mora tfeaa li i. I'.ut th company
aaaarta a rKht la profit by Ita ooaer-
h!p ti.'t!; to th earn tnt aa If
thara aar no . raatrtcUoca. It
;r. If tt arfjmant U unl !
at a prtr that atouli ylall It a fair
Mtura oa a atu of tit. tit or tit
per a. r. If t.Vtt b tru It eucht to
b r-iuir.i t pay Ia oa th fui!
vf th ta4 aa loa: aa It ooaa It.
Thw matsera ar herein poir.Ul
oil it'.mtr.lr l ho tahal rny be
dee If to !.-thr I-. ir.c atmpta
l proton- n::-tiot over th craat.
It i. -at i oa th auhor;ty ef th
rt)irl'i aUreeta that th Uau
faiaal tr th riLrei ccrapany a 14
1 a ur. rtfKt4 owearihlp of th tim
ber can b aaCt.'e.t In about altty Ua.
Tiat tiwu U d-tiiJ -.irt th com
pear by tri form of d.rr enter'!
b Ju..' tVoIearton. The r':!ro.i at
ttrnev einten4 th.i.1 th c. r In
that part..-u:ar la eot 1 ri alth
lie supreme lurt'a J'v...oo, An a p.
p'U-ati n v' rt t to the l'ntt-. ytale
(aprame Court for a nt of mtnia
true re-tutriat th lor court to ea
ter a derro of a dt.Trrot rtxtM-trt
on brlrc th ta i to a cj-tick a-.
Thre b a rnor ilnlatu war ef a P
)t. Kttir. an.) by U cour- of
action th T: '. I fomji-f -i.t re
it ohethar It anta rii;u or de
lay. I'.ut evea o. Iter l tu! the r1-
Misty ef fir-hcr ti:iitton If Ion.
;-- peov.a ta:tlaCion for d:p
a.t.oo of tn laa4 not wbu.Iy a.vert
aM t th r.:ro.l romp .ay. tf trie
ri.rr4. company ihoii a quibott-ia
erirtt In th f.- of en.l5i: Nf
I thr yet remaie th teeerac
ef Iat4tln an4 that of reaponatb'.lttT
for It toU::oca of the grant term
aa t :) acre. Th riht to
laa a happr tho-iaht from Ore--'.
aa wa'l aa th MurueJ , atanj
petnt. U'tsi: w raanot arre that
the nllro! company may lawfully
baokrupt II rrant by dirrf.ir.t It of
ha timber. tt. ruht to tmpru It.
farm It or lea, It. iilr.lrc uch prof.ta
aa avay b poaniM thervby. do eot
ara ur.r r.ab: fa it- of th
term of th Pupram Coarfe da
c talon, tit if that tuM b admitted
all companctiona about tatlnc th
graat at ! ri l vmlua ar iimtna:4.
IK KLE rOBTt C.
It la a thriKtcc tale that roroea
from Nr York of a former meaaen
rT boy bo boeht a aat on th
New Tork "Chan for i;:.og. I;al!y
th plot -rm for a melodramatic
thriller. There la aomethtoc about
that tittle atory h!ch apieala to the
everece wayfarer. Th dealr to emu
lat Ihl heroic achievement at'r un
easily In thouaand of breata. Fcr
tun on la a fer week by a mere
meaaancer boy through dealtnc In ar
ttocka: Or hou;J aay fambllt.f
fa war tck?
Tet for eeery rretty la!e of thla eort
there are a hundred yea, a thouan!
n th debit l I of th err. Kcr
ererv uirerul dealer In Wall (tract
acock there ta a whole colony of,
wrat kej lie. Th J.nhO'ji' and
potter field ar filled with t r!c
t.rn of chanc. Who know but that
tart that rebellion for which they
hat hped alnr war broke out.
When eo much waa at Cake, noth
In; but hopelee lark of forc;tht ran
explain the failure of the ItrtUnh gov
ernment to nl to Mesopotamia a
force adequate from th firit to In-
ure aucceaa. Trt when the London
Time renaure.l th gorernmcnt for
attempting auch an enterprise with no
more than a illvlaion of troop, the
M.iraul of Crewe enn only any that
the force waa "ronelderably lamer
than a dlvUlon." That Implies S5.008,
pwntMy 40.000. a diriaton belnp; be
tween 10.000 and li.000. Thla no
torious little army no eooner cornea
within aisht of Ita Koal than It la con
fronted by four time Ita number, la
d!.itrou'y beaten and la forced to
In the f.ic of auch a record, it is
l-lle f"r Ih Marquis of Crewe to say
that -the force was by universal and
competent military oplnlon consid
ered Urtt enough." That military
opinion waa not competent, for the
force was not largo enough; had It
been. It would not have been outnum
bered four to one and defeated. The
allla htm fulled In Mesopotamia as
at th Dardanelles and In Serbia
through not having a large enough
force al th riiiht point at the right
time. They do not correctly measure
this particular lad wilt fial Mmetflth means needed lo attain the end
there In the end. and then provlJe those means. The
Wealth today, penury torr.orrow. prttuh government would probabty do
Such Is th lot of th stock gambler, better If II followed the precedent set
Th atory la aa oil aa gambling and hr OeneraJ Joffro eorly In the war.
gimtlirg la aa old aa man.
II remored a host of old Generals
and "polltlrar Generais and put young
rates: I men or prorei aDi:ity in ineir piacea.
f.4..u.. Mir ' """""" '
. . ....... t I . . . . ...j - ki.
Sod-Orea. I.rtt.ln. .nc. lu.y and ,w ' ..Vila
. ;;-.r;s .v;.. r.n. wha hav, given h.m b.d .
. I hi mlrM rf f belter rANitlla.
: : . . i th.i !.. all u-kfiA mm " ......... w
defeat, and an for peac. They ar
act Ukrly ilhr to accept tha rota of I TH rrrrnfil or tkb gurn rrrr!.
lor. which Germany aaalgna to I No on will gasp with surprl
them, or to arproaeh th conquering wnrn fo.j tn,t country churches are
heaven and carry home a flra to
kindle the altar whence he came.
Just how any contagion, other than
the contagion of loneliness, is to be
carried away from the church of tha
empty perns is not clear on the face
of the proposition. Purely only the
exceptional man of deep and abiding
devotion i able to take any fire home
with him. and he Is not the one with
whom the true church spirit la con
cerned. As Boocher observed," the
church Is not a gallery for the ex
hibition of eminent Christians, but a
school for the education of Imperfect
ones, a nursery for the care of weak
ones, a hospital for tho healing of
those who need assiduous care.
And these are the 'very ones who
are cot going to church these days
of automobiles. Sunday shows and
counter attractions. These are the
ones who are most susceptible to the
chilling atmosphere of the half-filled
church. What a steadying Influence
they would find In an overflow meet
ing. But tho good old days of over
flow meetings are few and far be
tween. Perhaps they will never re
turn until the country mends Its ways,
or we reduce the number of our
churches and consolidate the army of
Kalr aa suppliant. For they would
ip"-t th Kmrrtr rot only to define
bard term aa to the future rtUlions
of all the powers a to on another and
aa to Ih victor, but they would doubt-
b required to par enormous In-
darac.ti. It ta significant, too. that
falling Into decline. There la nothing
at all new In the olwrvatlon and the
report of an rgnr.Uct commission
which has been canvaselng the sub
ject merely serve to add aome Inter
esting figure, Ohio ha been gone
the Joint public stat-mant ef th eon-1 0T.r crtfu;ir by tha Plnchot Com-
troiaeg German partlee la the Raich-
tag after tha Chancellor" a e peach
proclaimed that thara snust b guar
antee for tiermany aafety. -even If
thta tmp'le annriattoa of territory.'
tf that diet not mean Delgtum. or a
part of It. and IWbte, and perhaps
rotand. or some of It. It mcana noth
The ton of tha Chaneetjor'e ad-
dresa was bel lgerent. I's spirit de't-
ant and triumphant, and lie deetgn
to notify the '!!' that they pursuo
th war al their pnl. It has not
hastened th coming of peac. but
probably baa rx'poned It. and may
even have headed It off.
It ta rot likely that any of th at-
tics, in the far of Oermany'a onyteld.
g attitude, will now make advnca
lo end th war. They will go en till
th end. which lll b a breakdown
or a triumph, or an Impaaae.
THIttUMNO THE KrCttX.
Th Impending decision of th Ftate
opreme Court In Washington on pro.
MMtion baa mlahtir stirred th
wets" and thdo; th former be- church as an expcrlmct.l and Ilnds
... - Ikl . - I , I .... , . V. , - - .l , ,
r. :t. a drrL.inn la for soma I """" " " "v "
mission on Country Churrh.es only to
how that ten per cent of tho churches
have been abandoned for want of sus
tenance, while fifty per cent of the
renaming ninety per cent are suffer
ing severely from depleted, ranks aa
we'l aa depleted treasuries.
There Is no need lo ask why this
ad state of affairs hns came about,
nor to condemn the automobile and
other e-ul.'r considerations which
are contributing fariors. The answers
are all trite to the point or being
threadbare. furthermore, the an
swers prorld no remedy. There are
no evidencra of a spiritual reawaken
ing. There ran b none without an
Intelligent effort on the part of tho.e
concerned lo bring It about. The of
fenders win not return to their pews
merely because It Is foand that their
new louring car Is depleting the ranka
of the righteous.
Who shall s-iy how great a draw
back to the churches may be found
la the chilling spectacle of empty
pew? Ther Is both power and
safely In numbers. The mm who goes
From aboard the Ford peace "hip
come muttering of dissatisfaction
with Fresldcnt Wilson's preparedness
plana. -The peace propagandists are
aghast at Ms proposals for strength
ening our weak rlrht arm of defense.
At the same time the preparedness
fana see the Administration's pro
pwsala as wholly inadequate. The
are as strong In their ridicule of th
proposed Continental army aa th
peace people are of any army at all.
If the Administration had any thought
of aolectlnc a middle-of-the-road
course) a sad awakening ta at hand.
reason anticipated and the latter be-
raus It Is feared.
The ether night at Fuyallup a Se
am preacher. I:ev. A. W. Ionard.
gie vent to aome burning thought
on th subject, somewhat after tie
fi f"(fe. t M ia yoia. that If IS e"rt
f Uaaftlacta e4 a e-4i a tfetioa
i 4.1... acainai tn araMfetM-ia la. fl
t:t fcata ta dee ha eh. I tb
all T tJae ladKlarr. I sot kli-r
aa Mf ! . C ot IT tae cae.
in: il ta. a r I Ika le ( ir
f lb epl. enpalar erama will
rt 4 aciare It.r far iba rrL
Later th brother found It eiredl
nt to erlaln his Incendiary lan-lnoritr.
uaga oy eprsing ni contuenca in i There Is one course which Is open
the Supreme Court, but affirming: I to thoa who would reinforce the dl-
I tai4 rr giatiaefly ikat I waa imI I mlnL'hlr.g army of tha Lord. Concen
i ta mail f j4d. bt !i m ' tratlon. Since there are not enough
wm tm l a l law. wimis)h) i.3i:i...i
may not repeat the test. The
deroutcr person who msy feel the
stirring of treason within himself
does pot have the steadying Influence
which a crowded congregation af
fords. If one remains away from
church. Is not one In a most numer
ous. If not most excellent, company?
These f.ictors are particularly effect
ive In their Influence upon the young
er generations. The few are al church,
the many are elsewhere. The com
mission notra that In a town of 10,
004 but COO attend church. Indeed.
it la an exceptional young person who
will align himself with the pious ml-
Tha report that Bulgarian troops
mutinied when ordered to the Oalll
poll Peninsula Is not at all Incredible.
The Bulgarian has an instinctive dis
like of the Turk. Although the whim
of war have thrown him against th
Serbian and with the Turk, h would
much rather have his allies substituted
for bis foca Fighting with tho Turk
aratnst the Serbian would be no more
pleasant than were the American sol
dler called upon to Join with aom
colored rare In fighting his whit
brethren. War makes strange bed
Not a sou! France has awakened to
find herself stripped of tho last penny
The suspicion has arisen that crafty
Germans have gathered theae coppe
coins to augment the slender copper
supply In Germany. Thus tho French
may have their money thrown back
to them from tho mouths of the 4Z
centimeter guns. In order to nice
the requirements fractional currency
postage stamps are being used for the
time being. Later the governmen
plans to Issue bronze coins of small
Hawaii Is setting tho pace In pre
paredness. The Hawaiian militia h
been recruited up to a full brigade,
whereas In the past a few hundred
made up the Hawaiian citizen sol
diery. Isolation in the remote sec
lions of a boundlesa ocean does not
add to the Hawaiian sense of secur
Ity. Rather, this condition appears
to hav provided the Hawaiian rest
dents with a realisation of their share
of the responsibility that devolves
upon all America to bo ready for de
Ia cl t eecfpltal rH aa apaeaval
f abll telatoa a a JuHwiarr aa vr
fee In Ik tate if lb l.l f Iba ap;.
arw4 la l" I"l tar major!:? Ie
ii.Mti-.n, cvaasl a faia ea a ai
Not a threat, but a prophecy. It
sm. Th g'ood man from Peatu
make fin distinctions not dLncernlbl
lo th public eye. but quite obvious
Th Cregonlan doe not know
hUh th Huprem Court wl4 decld. f rrr;ur3r
d It does not car, except that It ' Sfl
stands for the taw and Ita correct ln
terp relation. If lie court finds that
h procedure In enactment of the
law waa improper, would this BaatU
readier, or any law-abiding citizen.
emand that th error by .Ignored?
tf so la thL. cue, then Ih Sam rut
must apply to other: and courts must
eviil th law to tj whatever the
ub;ic whim at th time demand.
bn we shall have Justice through
g'.tation. paaaton. CMrrtun and a n.
I'rotber Leonard would then b th
rt to move on. sales he mlht be
persuaded to remain with hi aoap
beg as a missionary to th heathen.
Th ar. robust days f -r American
FlM publisher,, Inaarnucsj as th
'3Tepa production la cut by
the war th demands are falling on
Asae-as fcuaa. wbica, ar kept ruav
thi Mr-s4rtyraa!tA CAwraic.
Th Iirttuh advanc to within a few
mile of Hag-lad and th disaster
which has befallen It ther hat lifted
i:iis expedition to the rank of or. of I th
goodly people lo fill the pews of score
of churches, why not consolidate?
Surely there are enough people to fill
the pewa of two or throe churches In
that same town of 10,000 with lis
church-going population of (00. Ten
churches In such a center with only
100 people who can be rellod upon
are certain to have a precarious exist
ence. The majority are predestined
failures or must continue In a state
hlch cannot enhance the
service In the army of the
Two churches, each with a congre
gation of J00. each with every pew
filled, would present a solid front to
the boats of evil. They w-ould pro
vide a spertacla lo warm the cockles
of the heart and drive away those
chilling Influence which must be ac-
pted as a dominant factor In pre
venting better church attendance. As
lo t matter of better sermons,
would not thee m lactic lead to
that ndf A few well-nourished
churches would be able to suport able
pastors Under a scheme of concen
tration the problem of finances would
disappear: for the large and popular
church rarely hsa great difficulty
In making both en. Is meet. The
squeeze occur among Ih multitudi
nous smaller churches with their slen.
Ther ar obstacles, of course. In
way of cor.aolldatlon Uenoml-
th major epraXJoc4 of th war. At I national rivalries, loyalty to some
its Inception It assured Itrttish con-1 creeds! offahoot and th perennial
trot of rtera Arabia. Southern Per-I activity of general secretaries and
, taa I'erslaa Gulf and Ih caravan ( rtat organizations In behalf cf par
rout frrn Turkey through Persia toill.-uUr organizations. These secre-
IkUia. Ita Initial succe war so tarie often giur their value by the
eaar that lhy strengthened Ilrltiah I number of church they keep alive
Women are becoming more and
more of a factor In larger educational
activities. Tho day when woman waa
only a achoolma'am has passed1 and
now we find her In the most respon
sible positions with our schools. The
Bureau of Education, following a can.
vass of the subject, finds that out of
3 colleges twenty-four are presided
over by women and that there are
SOS women county school superln
tendenta In the country out of a total
of 1000 such officials.
It Is enough to throw all precepts
into the discard to learn that an Ital
ian woman has just died at 107 whose
boast was that she never In all her
years drank water. In Italy, how
ever, wine la wine and not something
The news that two million English
worklngmen have Just formed the
largest organization In the history of
the nation leads to the wonder why
they are not at the front.
The man raised In a prairie atate
ran get a touch of nostalgia at the
corn ahow and regale hearers about
th time "me and dad" cultivated a
If you do not want to raise your
boy to be a soldier give him Mun
chausen and. Gulliver for Christmas
and raise him to be a peerless prevari
Christmas stamps on holiday pack
ages that go foreign are not seditious,
though they may appear so lo the un-
et.l.!ilencd over there.
Great oak grow from little acorns.
but nothing like the way pnttura
Post's fortune, grew to IHS.000.000
from a standing start. -
He Is a thrifty farmer who kills
hi hogs and ships the pork to the city
whrn he finds the animals are get
prestige la tho regions, and they
encouraged General Towcshcnd to
tnak th mistake, too common with
hi rouetry. of underrating th enemy.
A b advance! farther from bis ba.
th Turks appoar to hav waited for
Mo wtttl heavy reinforcements near
thalr baa in thd vl.-lnltr ef liagdad.
n th march h fail Into a trap set
for him by th Turks when h ac
cepted offer of aid from Arab tribe",
wtuch treacherously turned aa!r.at
Mm at Ctealphan.
Th reault 1 a serlou rsverso for
th lritish army
t-f prtstie la
rather than by the number of people
Iher get Into them. Th record of
half a dozen new denominational or
ganizations In Ih slat ha Ih ap
pearance of a more splendid achieve
ment than that of half a dozen cl"t
Ing ehurcht ror.ylMated Into one or
two. We suspe-t tiiel the gciirr.il
secretary who might undertake such
strategy would find himself seeking
a new rollloti al the end ef the year,
even If he proved that more people
were attending the two churches than
had attended the six. The habit of
which lower lint-1 estimating spiritual advancement by
th Mohammedan I th number of churches Is pretty well
wort ) at a crisis when preservation established. Th boast that, this town
of belief In Its lntncib.Itty was of or that has a certain number of
vital Importance, and when a barrier rhurvhe U a common one. It Is
between Turkey and Persia was of
otm-wt value. Hands of guerillas, led
or lnclti iy i.rrman agent, hav
t a armed through Persia, murdering.
capturing or expelling Consul and
rttt:n ef the allied power. The
Shah and Me Minister, though friend.
ly to th atlles. are helpless. Turks
and German) ar vrywher stirring
op Uo:rn fanaticism and spreading
news of German and Turkish victories
sad of th coming downfall ef Krltish
power. Th way is new open for them
to extend this moxement through Per-
never thought neceu-sary to add how
many people worship ta them.
Ther Is no spectacle leas Inspiring
than that of leaky, unkempt, weather
beaten country churches, and the pi fu
ture become more distressing If the
Interior bear no greater evidences of
warmth than a doleful corporal's
guard of a congregation. This must
hsv been In- Henry Wsrd Heecher's
mtnd when he observed with some
feellrg that there ought to bo such
n atmoepher In every Christian !
churvb that a man going and sll'.li;
Time to overhaul and repair that
Fanta Claus makeup for the man
who thinks he Is going to fool th
EVERY OBJECTION' IS DEMOLISHED
Secretary Carrla Slakes Irresistible
(aae for National Defense.
Secretary of War Garrison leads, up
to his programme of military prepared
ness with a discussion of the wisdom
of the entire policy npon which it is
based. Confident that, since the sub
ject is now receiving "tho concentrated
attention of the people, a wise result
will be reached when facts are realized
and reason is applied," he demolishes
in detail the various objections.
In support of the assertion that force
is a necessity to a nation, be says:
Tha csa of forca ia tha Inherent essence of
government. Tha very term Itself la ex
plicit government tba right or power to
compel obedience to law. Where there I
no fore to compel each obedience that is.
to govern there la anarchy. Individuals
glv up tha right of unregulated action when
ther form themselves Into or become eubject
to a government. The progress and ad
vancement of that which Is summed irp li
the word Vivllltatlon" have been made
possible solely because of government.
Passing on from the necessity of
force to preserve peace and order in
each community, he says:
Tba Identical necessity exists as to the
nation. Unless tha citizens thereof are as
sured that they can cultivate the arts of
pur behind a barrier of force which will
protect them from aKgresslon and secure
them their richts, they are not free to cul
tivate such arts. . . . Strensth of mlryl. of
bodv and of snlrlt are irtreiulslt-a for
progreis along light lines. Tha essential
basis of civilization Is maintained by the
triumph of what 1 right over wnat u
wronr. and lt progress can only be con
Untied and assured so lone aa those who sus
tain ih. rlrht are stronger than those who
assert tha wrong. Weakness Inevitably re.
nit In Arrrthrae as the abundant In
tancea of hlatorv demonstrate, both with
respect to individuals, cities and nations.
Those who. from conscientious convlc
tlon. "do not believe In resistance to
physical force surrender life and all
that they cherish and love at the be
hest of tho acsressor. but this atti
tude concerns the Individual, and can
not be made the general rule of con
duct under our form of government for
our government la enjoined by the law
of its being to use whatever force Is
necessary to protect the rights of the
To -those who predict that war will
never come to this country." Mr. Gar
fiinre wars have coma npon nation from
lha earliest data of recorded history to this
moment, there la no basis of fact for such
a position but aa actual drmonstratloa of
the nonezjateace or sucn saaia.
The prediction that wars would con
tlnua -has been fully verified.", this
great evil has not been eliminated ana
"must be ere oared against.
Others "do not believe In the doctrine
of non-resistance," nor that war hai
been abolished, but they oppose prepa
ration of our forces "because they dis
trust themselves and the nation." be
cause they "fear that, if wo possess
force, we will be Induced to ue It wnen
wo should not." Of this position, be
It Imnm lha rrsoonslMllt iea which w
have undertaken and which wa must mam
lain at any :f-sacrlfl':e. It lunoree thi
fact that If nations which posee force are
iik! to n It when they should not, soma
nation which baa such fore I likely to nsa
It azalnst ua when It should not. it as
sume that our Nation may not. o
with force for fear thst It may misuse iu
I know of nothlna which Justifies rich an
Indictment of oar people and our nation.
To those who fear militarism he
ays that placing the military over the
civil authority Is impossible in tins
country, and that "those who dread
real militarism should be the strongest
advocates of reasonable preparation.
The latter Is tha preventive of militarism.
If thay unwisely aereal raasonaoia pr
narrinM. thav leave tha country In a con
Hlil. in where lha Inevitable result of dofear.
humiliation or acute apprehension will b
hasty and Hl-aflvUed provisions aa to arma
ment far beyond anything which calm reason
and wlea provision would aeatn necessary.
TniCHIXAE XOT COXFIXED TO PORK
Tn of Portland Slen Stricken Had N'ot I
Eaten Sausage, Say Writer.
PORTLAND. Dec. 9. (To the Editor.)
In your news references to tho epi
demic of trichina sickness reported to
In Other Days
Twenty-Five l'esr Ago.
From Tho Oregonlan December 10. 1S90.
Washington Portland will have a
exlet In the city you appear to taKetnew Custom-House as soon as benator
ft for e-ranted that the exclusive source uolph s bill has passed me senate anc
of this disease is pork. Facts do not the House. As it passed the Senate
Justify such an. assumption. In a re- the bill called for an appropriation of
n..n.r.H under tha direction of S500.0J0. but the House committee
the Indiana State Board of Health trimmed it to J400.000.
fl8S4i on trichinosis. Dr. Thomas B.
Redding says: London A great crowd cheered
Trichinae have been found in quit, a num- Parnell as he left London yesterday
ber of different animals, mostly mammals, for Dublin. He made a short speech at
Without cltins authorities. I enumerate the the station. He will be the guest of
following- animals In which they have cer- I the Lord Mayor in Dublin.
tainly been dlscoverea, viz.: in hub.
dog. rat., mice n , " New Tork The will of Ausust Bel-
11'.. ',,Z7.nJ,J,:5 Th.;. tenoned mont waa filed yesterday. Every
. Mnv. ... tn.m.t in tha .De. the crow, tlielemploye of the firm of August Bel-
badger. Marmot, marten, mole, polecat, rac- m0nt & Co., who had been at service
coon, geese, trlto. cristatus. neagenoK, a Jear or more received a sum equal to
manders. eels, sheep, the hen, fish, and frogs. year's salary. Mrs. Belmont received
Doubtless some of these last are ca e m , h houses and household goods and
which other parasnes hay. been miakea ...,, inromR nf s52.00(l
for trichinae It is proDaoie tnat ii-iciiiu
nvr hmmi j.nrvfttA1 In the flesh Of birds, I -
and. are never found In the batrachlans and j Port Angeles, Wash. Mrs. Charles
reptllia under normal conditions. Tho best I iios4 was murdered in her home yes-
The murderer escaped. Mr.
china, male or female, and their embryos, i " "
re readily obtained from the Intestines oii.tr. v... iu.i iuimci iw..i.
blrris. including our domestic poultry, after I
f i r. them trlchlnous flesh, but for some James M. Blossom, formerly of Idaho,
reason, not yet understood, they do not mi- ha3 returned to his old home in this
grate to the muscles and become encysted as absence of several vears.
The two big battleships lo be built
In Government yards at New Tork
ard Mare Island will bear th Union
Why not apply the literacy test to
the Kord peace member when they
return? Ma) be they wouldn't all get
The Kaiser surely will allow the
Kord delegates to go through to The
Hague If the cngee are kept locked.
P-rltlsh forces are doing too much
retreating In the Balkans. It la more
Unllshy to stand up snd fUht.
Tale of plenty ot food In Germany
are upset by the butler and fat cards
similar to the bread tickets.
This is Bundle day of the Mute
Make them big.
aia late AfcHaniataa aad India, and. to I ther should tak th contagion of j afloat!
To those who assert that the pro
posed policy is contrary to our tradi
tions, be replies mat it is -exactly in
keeping with our traditions' ana con
Stirh traditions ara for a aiandlnc fore..
mall In rsiatlon to population, and a trained
nd Miulnrrd force much larser In proportion
thereto but not constantly under arms. This
la exactly what tha plan propose.
Soma regret departure from our Inck
of preparation "because It has been in
valuable as an example to the rest of
thi world." These are reminded that
this point of view entirely overlooks
the vital and Imperative duty to our
selves which. requires that we should
protect and defend that which we
cherish and hold dear," and that "the
ret u Its existing in the world today do
not warrant the belief that our ex
ample has had any beneficial effect."
tSorne ssy preperatlon "will not pre-
vent war, but will provoke It. me
answer is that "men and nations must
prepare to meet their responslblll-
le. and that. If we must not aeveiop
trencth to repel wrong, lest we mis
use It. "human nature has indeed
reached an impasse." The Secretary
Wby should It be presumed that a Just
man or a lust nation will ceasa to na Jim
because It ha tha power to ba unjust ? W
net Ither trust other or trust ourselves.
Xot nretendlnc that preparation pre
vents war, the Secretary says It "tends
to prevent war, aa the ponce tsna
to prevent crime, and he adds:
8o long as right or wrong exist In th
orld thora will be an Inevitable conflict
between them. The right-doers must te
rapared to protect and defend tn rignt as
gainst th wrong.
Preparation ia opposed by ome "be
on no one can foretell how much
we may have to meet and what we will
require to meet It" This Idea "would
tav all human progress." We cannot
oretell anr misfortune, but must take
reasonable precautions against all.
The assertion that the devastating
ffects and the horror produced by the
war now being waged make it certain
hat war win be avoided for a long
period of time after the close of the
resent war." finds no bssta in history.
Mr. Garrison reviews our own history
nd that of Europe down to the Balk
an wars, and says:
Tha only conclusion that can possibly be
aern from the facta la that there la no
Justification for the beilrf that because thar
aa been war thara win L no mora war.
The Idea that peaceful settlement of
disputes will be set back tf we prepare
for defense calls forth this reply:
It seem lo rest npon the Idea that If wa
a feule and weak In action, wa will b
rong and persuasive In counsel: that by
vowmllr neslectlns to prepar to protect
our rlshta, we will b tha better able to -eura
their protection by appeal, by arbi
tration or by argument. Thla Is not so In
ny anaicgoua caa. savins only mat in
rhtch tha patronising recognition ot weak
ea Induces lha s:rous lo abstain from as.
saucing- tha weaa. In all ether Instances
who nas laaro up nis purncn in a mmaty
way. baa seen hut duty and has dona It. li
tha one who rra lsee lha necessity of Justice,
insists upon Its being meted out to otners
and secures It for nimseir. o one neeo
hav tha slightest fear that our voice f"
peaceful aatllement ef tha quarrel of na
tlona wilt receive any tha less attention be
causa wa stand for th right and ara pre
pared, to maintain It at any proper cost,
un the contrary, tha vole of such a on ia
alwaj listened to and usually controls.
they do In men. hogs, and some othor anl
mal. (Pag 270.)
A chicken, as everyone knows, never
stops to examine anything peckable.
and If it happens to peck flesh from
the dead body of a rat, or hog, or
other animal already infected with
trichniae, the person who afterwards
partakes of that chicken is liable to
become Infected with trichinosis alBO.
Two among the alleged victims -of this
disease, and to whose caees you al
luded in one of your reports, claim, or,
rather claimed, for one died yesterday,
that they had not eaten pork or Eau
sage for over 12 months. They said
their sickness seized them Immediately
after partaking of a chicken, and that
a cat to whom they gave a portion
of tho chicken also became sick. This
waa on Sunday, November 7. Their
doctor diagnosed the case as one of
poison from eating putrid food, and
ordered them to the hospital, where
they stayed till November 26 or 27,
when they came home again, only to
find themselves compelled to return to
If November 25, the date given in
The Oregonlan as the day on which
the sausage, the alleged source of this
epidemic, was made, is correct, then
without doubt the trouble of these two
men cannot bo attributed to eating
sausage, for tho men had sickened and
had been in
The safe in the office of Eugene
Hannemann's United States Bottling
Works, 410 Water street, was robbed
last night of J200.
There was a large attendance at the
art reception given last night by Mrs.
J. E. Wright. It was the first recep
tion since her return from Europe.
OREGON IS I1VVITING JIOB RULE
Writer, Discussing Trunk Murder, Seem
Danger iu Lark of Death Penalty.
PORTLAND, Dec. 9. (To the Ed
itor.) Wby offer a reward for George
Bartholomew, the supposed murderer
of John Linnd? If caught and brought
before the court and convicted of mur
der, it would cost the state a goodly
sum and he would probably get a life
sentence and go to the Penitentiary,
which to a degenerate of his class
would be no punishment. By being
penitent and a good fellow for a few
years he would obtain parole and be
turned loose on society to murder some
other Innocent person.
No! For my part, if he has left the
state, I would not want him back. He
will no doubt be afraid to return to
Oregon and will go to some other state
the honpltal over two that has abolished the death penalty
weeks before the sausage was made.
On the other hand, if they had eaten
tricnlnlzed meat, then trichinosis can
be conveyed to a human being by
means of other food than pork, and as
the law makes retailers of food guar
antors that tha commodities they han
dle are fit for human consumption, our
meat markets are bound at their peril.
and it is the duty of the market in
spectors to see that chickens, no less
than pork, are absolutely free from lar- I She sowed the tares her harvesting
to commit his next crTme.
Oregon Is sure a murderers" pnra
dise and if it does not have rnob law
in a few years I will say that I am no
Judge of human nature. The people will
want Ju.stlco (not revenge), which will
protect the lives of the innocent.
vel trichinae or trichina infection.
JOHN R. DOWNES.
WHV MEN HESITATE TO MARRY.
Woman Dress Craze and Lack of
Domesticity Cause, Say. Bachelor.
PORTLAND, Dec. 9. (To the Editor.)
In The Oregonian Is a letter written
from Roseburg under date of Dec. i.
signed "Merry Widow." It Is not quite
clear to my mind that a woman wrote
that letter, for surely women are not
quite so frank in their expressions on
the subject covered. Being a bachelor.
I am like the Irishman who on land
ing in New York was asked: "Pat, what
are your politics?" "Sure," says he,
im lurnlnst the Government any way
you take it!" Those are my sentiments
on taxing bsx-helora. I am against it
from any angle.
There appears to be a whole lot of
thought given this subject at this time,
by both women and men. It is not given
us to see ourselves as otners see us,
and my views of my sisters at large are
anything but complimentary to them.
A man should fairly rage with Joy at
the thoughts of having to work to earn
money with which to buy clothing to
dress the average woman. She garbs
herself to look as near like a Magdalen
as her means will admit of. Sisters,
whether you know It or not, this and
the lack of domesticity, are the chief
reasons why you sit and wait to change
your beautirul names and stations in
lie Th,. ava fa m man Irnnw, anI
knows it well that he cannot earn Fierce sobs he cannot .still their ris-
sufficlent money to provide such cloth-I nB
ing. and the necessities of life tor two. Leap at her throat like cruel hounds
and though conscientious in dodging or prey,
ftntiv.! ki..,iii. n i i.rm.H aifieh I Ah. mercv. can there he no devising
unfit and cowardly. ' I Some other price our sister must needs
V ara not i nil a nrl wa Vnnnr It DftV f
nd don't pose as such, but we do feel Is there, Lord, no kindly light to guide
Heon and abiding resnonsihilit v for her
Ihiua whom wa would havo iff h n n tri I Tn to tomorrow, with its good to gain?
their names for ours. BACHELOR. Shall sympathy's sweet draught be de
And custom leash her with its bonds of
And in her grief there is not one to
With Jeweled splendor gone, snd pride
Her beauty fled, and lips unused to
Her reign Is past, and there is no
And hearts once fond are silent, strange
E'en God seems deaf and far away,
His wayward daughter that the mists
She dares not self-destruction, shrinks
That leaves her wide eyed and un
sought by sleep
How dark the path she thought so gay
Wise the mother's counsel she failed
Cast off, she tries in vain to hate
There is no fury like a woman
Knew not her love was never yet so
Its ashes would not glow were she un
Hope alone has left her, for she knows.
It Is her portion to drink this bitter
They who have full measure when the
red wine flows
Are destined to the dregs that bubble
BACK TO THE SOIL.
If you never get back to the soil, my
If you never get back to the soil.
How can you get what your father had.
How can you equal your dear old dad
If you never get back to the soil?
The brawn and muscle of youth and
The health, the wealth of a living
And the scenes enacted on history's
They all came out of the soli.
you, harsh world, so quick to judge
And those who have fallen in the fray
Deal gently with her whose lasting
Is but the badge of shame she gleaned
from life! JO HAKTMAA.
All classes may enjoy this game.
Each glad in his own place.
Help edify, direct and cheer
The needy Human race.
Th trees, the meadow, the brook, the
The wild bird's note In the early morn, Whatever sickness, want or ills
Waterway a Appropriations la 1014.
PORTLAND. Or.. Dec. . (To the Ed
itor.) How much money was appro
priated by the United State Govern
ment for the Improvement of nature;
waterways In the State of Oregon for
the year HUT SUBSCRIBER.
Owing to the failure of the regular
rivers and harbors bill last year a
lump appropriation of 125,000,000 was
made for the entire country, with pro
vision that fS.000,000 could be shifted
from one district not having need for
the amount to a locality where im
provements were Incomplete. Report
of money actually expended In Oregon
are available only up to June SO, 1914,
Tho also runs are) when the annual reports were com-
S j whei
Gardens of roses and hedges of thorn-
They all came out of the soil.
thread and meat and the things of life.
The hearts of men, and their love and
Even your mother, and even your
They all came out of the soil.
Get back to the very foundation of
Everything looks to the source whence
Dig! And you get what the harvest
And it all goes back to the soil!
If you never get back to the soil, my
If you never get back to the soil.
How will you get what your father
How can you keep what your father
How can you equal your dear old dad?
And how will you get to your noma to
If you never Bet back to the soli.
EDGAR MANLY MUM FORD.
Freedom of Seas.
PORTLAND, Dec. 9. (To tho Ed
itor.) (i) Kindly. explain Just what is
meant by the freedom or tne seas.
(2) Has Italy declared wnr on Tur
key? CONSTANT HLAU1SK.
(1) If you are asking for definition
of Germany's demand, we are unable to
give it. We know of no sea restric
tions in peace times.
Lesson In Public Xpeaklna.
PORTLAND, Dec. 9. (To the Editor.)
Please let me know where one can
take lesaons In lecturing- or public
speaking. OLD SUBSCRIBER.
Reed College, Portland, has a course
in public speaking, and any good elo
cutionist could instruct you in deliv
ery. Of course It is necessary to get a
foundation of facts as well aa style of
rta'oll na nn nur waV.
Pure love and fitting word and deed
May gladden every day.
P.ough seas bear up our merchant ships.
Have fish ond wealth untold.
Low valleys yield abundant foods.
Bleak mountains rurnisn goia.
Dark clouds bear rain for drink and
And bl.-3 the good and bad.
Hot sunshine aids to nie anu neanu
And makes all nature giaa.
Forgotten soon are names of those
Who fret, complain or pine.
But gladsome, upright characters.
Like stars, shall ever snine.
Ours not the talents, wealth or fame
That some before us nan,
Ours to progress, uplift aud play
The game of being giaa.
Tualatin. Or. L. D. WE ST FALL.
Formality In Letter.
PORTLAND. Dec. 9. (To the Ed
itor.) in order to settle a dinpute.
please advise which is the more formal
way of addressing a person, in a.
ness letter, "Dear Miss bmun. or -iy
Dear Miss Smith." C. T. B.
There is not much distinction. "Dear
Miidam" is the formal term.
And there is satisfaction and
surety as you ask lor it y name.
The brand carries responsibility
with it. You are sure tne quality
is good the price ia right.
You feel as if it were an old
friend. The dealer does not have to
sell it to you. You buy it
You know the brand because you
have seen it advertised in this news
paper. Perhaps you have used it before
upon the newspaper's introduction.
But any time you get it you know
that it will be tho same a brand
that you are proud of.