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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 8, 1915)
X TTTK MOKXTyO OTirCOyTAX. WEDXI.SPAT. DECIDrPER S, 1915. ; ;
PAN - AMERICANISM, PREPAREDNESS, KEYNOTES OF
President Urges Law
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s to Punish Violators of "Neutrality, Lays Stress on Necessity for .Merchant Marine and Advises Inquiry Into Question Whether Railway Conditions .Can Be Improved.
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pr.wnt 4arta. rfutl ftftKb t ft Pr-
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pr- a a irr Praia, pau: I tvrri-o
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mra t lb eowairr wut4 a a4 ta ptaJ
tma:va la ana a it a Ift -ltP fr p-jr.
p..a f Ira aias for pnart Pf tnrutt
ut Pr vr ftn4 t- m l ha -'
at rail art ftc lima thr&ant aft a lditiarial
furi'm-- riW 4 of la'- ar Tm !rra
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amat fi4trmftsa ft aaUtaaJ and
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tirf l mntf ? ir ftijlr Artnr. Tnr
af ar-auAl lrlnln; o4 at ft
part.y '-4 ta mel ta Um af
It a.4 ap4 ba lit patriot!: f!m
f 1 i fuuti'f ma f lta r-mntr tf
trimf r'fni I 1 m''H a cail l ftrrit er
p.e le ui4 4pr.4 ui b patriot t-
;ir I f i mi.")ra of lha ruftirj
vtt-P lfi-f m4 It poaalfcia for ih
Taittfrr at-a la lnir arapl ta rP"4
Knjr farah: rMp4iiiie or pat. 1. far
an, d no. 4aft lh patriotic d-otia
itrr f ar fun m- r f tho mho
g . v iftm mp.o?tnal I boa f r ho.
I.nftt and '' Ul,t l" ln
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tf aovft aa ppartmBt i-ft pnttra cr.(l
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Ta prfrrrT IH aa (aid ftf-rp
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It .t4. It inroUM aftlp ft ftortaair-aT
of tha t ma a ift.a fthl.ll p.fta ma
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pnka d-fnit pn4 iUrit ft fftmma
a;.-a ba rarrsiuf ra a-ft o:r impli- t. ft 4
in tna tan a. i a af iri rfjmitia on Bftva4 af
f tie an. ti-ioa4 ta lha 4:a f ln
! ku ft -4 1 pawftar farmu.al4 or f"f"
m:: a4-pt4. Ii mim t raa ry cr
l i It a .n ft 1 lia p -it ant aca at lha
(nun'.rv fur In (Sfr I 4wtt cam
pfiftat-a r a for puit-ft lift .r
a ftftai f'itio of T-itn and f;irin-y
an i t pra It) at ft an ta coAp;IIt arltftiB
lh ! fl ara Wa Pa ! lookad
I Ira p af tfta couotry ftaf ar f;rt
an4 r lf (tua af a f !. aa paa :;
a a it I ft aar maatft roara af pro-4a-
I ft fie t a Yr b
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p rank N a a i4 aM lf
pl -f n paarttiaaa Pat uaa a aftaw 4
df n t.r 4ftaia ft.) a arl com-
p.aa l! fta aCa. Bad ftaw Pawav
tu inifraaaa 1 b ai4 W for a tan ra
ftp4Jt-a tba raaatrattft ft tn a fl
af la tlt'-r ip. 4 ftaltt rrar, t a al
rrtt ara, 4 dt'yf. ii f't pubnnar
l auamann 4 aaba'l, 1 fcpita
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3 bar; pr- i al rraia-ra. I A dt ry.
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Tfa f.,-r-:iT ftf t X'aT I ftatfaT -
fr tha lamm4 a a44i'.ft la Nft paal
of lb r af T aa-1-iraw iT' aiifatl
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teouiti fur apfnrtft; ji!aft fta'r Bp-
pra4 frftjaftl't at aft nf taff .,
n l f .r -lra ta lha a-tta arp a -r-t;a
B'tmft-r af naa ! tmrn rill If
Ij l.il f':t termmmm aa.d ft rarpvrd
a-M wa nvt kftia ft-. ('I ar p-j'M Ift
tl-'t. a-'l." t1 tba ratlmtea af 'jfl;
Bad Vftftda-. af eaai rat ft fa!Uw4 ft?
! u-Baral lar4 af tfta lPftrtmat. Bft
ffaKti ltla af IT tft'tiaafttfa.
mt trim t rt l. . fta'Ma rrn rx 2 tt:-
nip), af l ft-d L: I ftrmrpd ia
r4 tl pai cra.r. ft frr : rmara.
1 a-.ir.4-laa rfif ! 1 1 lr4-iaa raiarft.
) atatfparp, SI r t pb-r ftrtaa. tlT C"at
PMfttaaria, moa'tara. fw suaftaftta. foor
T rtii-a. t fa I anip. ft rnft. 1
f.4ara I tPda al. aa'a af r
rftal typa, an-1 taatt!tlft htpft- Thi
war4 ft ft NftT fltta4 Ift cf ftaaxtft ftftd
wortrt t nr trad !.
Mar ft-aaft Maria In II ib biU.
Tat aaaiaa aaft laatrwrnaatp af war ftra
an:y part af ku fta la ft 4 If w
Bra I aaidar fa aapraaaa pnatlap af ft i ft
liaal pa;f wffielaaep and aaarurttp la a'l lift
mm9m. Tftfft ft' atnr fraai aftttarp
wu-ft wll fta thraat aprm aar ftMatuft
har w wiil at. Tftja-ft ftp, for -mmp
m vtfT ftraaa n PjtiB af frada
bk4 ftttifft'a lai4 to aia ftfaftt prft.am
af Xft'.ona; adaaar. tt ta - rr for
wrvMnj mmumt-r f afflraaarp
4 4.'paot tbat a b:u!4 ftaa
9Tm. Brr-.anl pnBrla. T"a araftt iptarehaat
It ,eeeesBeseeBeeeaeeeeooseoeea...ai.- .
SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT TOINTS MADE BY PRESIDENT IN HIS ADDRESS.
Tb .dar.. dl flnt with lha doctrln. of full prtnerblp between the natiom of the Western Heml
fphr in world affair. ...... ,
, , .i,,ih.niB ih. Katlnnal defen r outl!neL The President includes in thce plans the
.!. .f lBdu..rr..oUrce. lo cond.Uoo to b. mobllld promptly In tb. event of National need. The pro-placlna-
of Industrial r"r "n i V nlani already mads public by Secretaries Garrison and Daniels; legls-
' '" A'r Tmerehant ihlp.-rura credit law; th. rhillrplne and Porto Rico bills, which
!?ir..T!?.r Federal aid to industrial
atd oal)onal ducation. and tba
Vatyr.lluHl and native-born
MlyrtiiiM um i" w
conspired lo violate ineir own m.nirj --
Is urged to provide adequate
.o. I. propose J
t.ry atabUahments. Hourcrs of
tM,,.lon .nffln. fabricated Iron
aw bill and continuance
or condition! arlslnir from tb. turopesn war. iu i r1"' J '
m.ined nVu 'rai f b-S" It ha no InteVe.t !n th. cause, and lcc.U.. It I. th. duty of th. nation, of th.
Western Hemisphere to prevent collective economlo ruin.
Th. President point, to the attltud. of the United State, towards Mexico aa proving that this country
has no seif..h motive. In its Interest In countries in venirai ana pvu
rbVncrct VVfoT. pX,U' co'nt" 1 fro KurVpI "-Su kddsT"U was always difficult to
lucl i role without offena. to th. prld. of tbe pWJple. whoa, freedom of action we sought to
tt and evSr. thoucht"uI man of affairs must welcome the altered circumstances of tbe new day in
wboE II " V, .Mnr hen"her. is no claim to ruardlan.hlp or thought of wards, but. instead, a full
rd TonoraVI. aocla lo of partners between ourselves and our neighbors, ln th. interests of all America.
'WTh"preMdlnt presents th. War Department plans for treni?thenln th. Army as "th. eential first
at-n- and -for th. Dre.ent sufficient" Th. plans Include tb. Increasing of th. standln Army to a fore, of
Hllo. '. Lu sPerv"... and tb. establishment of a supplementary fore, of 400.000 dlepUd citizens,
who wo"d undergo training tor .hort period, throughout thre. year, of a six years' enlistment.
Outlining th. detail, of th. Navy plan presented by Secretary Daniels, th. President says that "It ln
quinine in. ' -. ilbln which plans Ions maturcH shall be carried out; but it does
mail'd"? nl- IZ .pHI prorrSSm. which b heretofo?. been only implicit, held In the mind, of th.
i?.i ; "vl f affair! wd d""lo.ed In tbe debates of th. two Houses, but nowhere formulated or
, TJZ . "lo2ir it seem, to me very clear that It will be to the advantage of the country for th.
r'JZcVZ it Vo i comp"he'n. pUn for Vuttlna: the Navy upon a final tooting of strength and effi
ciency and to pres. that plan to
Th. President aUo says that
moat bav. a merchant marine.
cents a .n on raPrlcated iron
I ,...jln, the railroads the
The task of building up an ed.qoM. merchant marine. Mr. Wilson ssys. must oe unaeriaaen
br Am'riran private capital, but In the meantime, be declares, every legal obstacle standing ln the way
T : . rr' ':ri - . ot .hln should be removed and the Government should
t."taka American conUnents. When th. risk has pa.,ed
and private capital brglo. Vo f.nd Its way Into these new channels, he adds, the Government may with-
"""rropoilng that tbe new bills should be paid by Internal taxation, the President suggests that by low
.rlnitM present limit, of Income .xemptlon and the figure at which th. surtax is imposed, and by In-cr-aJing
t. by -,Up throughout th. present graduation th. surtax lts.lf. Incom. taxes as at present appor
Vi.M .on,, suffld-nt to balance the book, of th. Trea.ury at th. end of the fiscal rr 1MT
without anywher. mal.lne th. burden unreasonably heavy, lie add. tbat tbere are many additional
sources o " revenue whichT Justly could be resorted to without liamperlnff the Industries of the counUy or
"t"; any too great charge upon Individual expenditures. lie estimate, that a 1 cent per gallon tax on
.;, BaI)tha would yield 110.000.000; a tax of 60 cent, per horsepower on automobiles MJ In-
i?rai"ripo.i . -tamp tax on bank checks, probably 118.000.000; and a tax of 25
I'reiril ns the ral.roajis tne i irupni vara " ''"" " . . M , -
with th"tran.portallon problem, and .ugg.st. It would b. wise to provld. for a commission of Inquiry
..certain whether th. law. a. at present framed ,d adminl.t.red ars . a. imM they -miBht
it. k... -Jm.rabl. re.uli. and
cood.Uoo under whlcb tbe railroad
,r..i Kxir ef atardy aaiurs vhe n4
r.rrr oor r. In" " see. an.l wb wc
I is rld aJ f.n tae Diiar
N.t.aa ee ba : drlwa oat
.... mm lr taac.b: a.:.-1 and
.! kr a fcK-i..r bUnJ and pro
tiacisj poMrr -aiil economic prot
imb. u bi! tim. r.p.r.l our mi
i... r.-imt. ear commercial lnJ-p.nr..a-e
ea te s.aa.
lof ii le a e?.a.ioe ef la.ap.o4. nee. If
ih.r aatinae s. le war er ek lo hampr
M(H el.fa commaree. ar mar-'hant II
Hoix. ar- at tb.ir m.rrjr. ta do "Ho, aa lhr
pl.o.e Wa m.l u. tli.ir ahipa, and u-
in.i ae th.y .rmin Wa ho.a ni .'.ti'a
noasn ef oar ewe. We cannot han.r.. our
own eomm.ree sa the wea. our Ind.pand
nra la pro.lnrlai. an4 la anljr aa land and
allMe awr iwa bord.ra. W'a ar- not llk-tv
ta be p-r-nltt.d te . ' tha ahlpa of
eth.r aal!oe. t rlealrjr of thwtr oa trad.,
and ara ltb"ul fn..ns lo .il.nd o.ir eoro
m.rco a-e tare tha doora ara wide open
aad oar .ooda ara ..:td. Such a po.ltioa
la aot ia be andurad. It la ( capital Impor-t.n.-.
nol that tha Inn.d Males
.nouUt bo lia own c.rr.er ob tha ocas and
enjor lh. corom V Ind.pad.nca which OBtr
aa d.,alo m.rchant martaa would ive lu
but a ao that tha American heml.pharo aa a
who . .hou d .Oj-T a Ilka lBik-p.sdrara asd
:f.ufric-iner. if It la not lo bo drawn
Inlo lha t.r. of r.oror.aa affairs. With
out inch lnd.pnd.n.a lha ! queallo.
of our pii.tuol onllv end s'.f-determln-Ito.
lo very ertou.y clouded and complicat
Mar-or-r. wa ran cl.valon no true or ef
faitto American polli-y without Mra of
oar owe not ablix of war. but ships of
p-ac-. earTrtn x wda and carrylns mucn
nn: crea.ltc frl.nciahtpa and rend-rins
tTtipeeaMo oer, tea to all lnl.r-.ta oa
IMi ail. lha water. They m-t move can
ttant'.y baa and forth l.lr tha Ameri
ca. Th.y aro the or!y ahuttl.a thai ean
weave lh. d.ilea:. fabrio of .vmrathr. eom
rr.n.eoa, ennlldanra. and mutual da
p.ndeac In which wo wl.h to clothe our
policy of Amarlc. for Americana.
The lam of rulldlas up an adauata mr
rhaat marln. for America prlalo capital
mat wltlmaf.ly undertako and achieve, aa
It baa undertak.B and acMev.,1 every olh-r
Ilka ia.k imrniiM ua In lha raat. with ad
tnlraM. ent.rprvao. Inlelllaenco. and vigor:
and It iwml la mo e manlfe.t dutala of
wu-tom t". wo ahiu:d promptly remove
.very local obatnela that may stand In th.
way of this mucn to bo ...Ired revival of
our old Independence and ooiWt facilitate
an ovary p--vlt!a way tna bullions, purcha.e.
aad America. rraiairetla of ship. i'ut
rallal cannot aceompllah thla sreat taak
of a awdd.a. It tnuat .-nbara upon It by
d'sr-aa. aa Iho cppnrluntliea of trade de
v.l.p. flomelhlne muat be don. at mm:
done ta ot,ae routea and develop oppor
tunities eh.ra l. y ar aa y.t undeveloped:
toa to open lha ert.M- of trade where
tno carrenta have ot y.t learned te rue
..poetaiiy s.twn tha two American eontl
a.nis where Ih.y aro, einauiarly enoush.
y.t in be craated end nulck.n-d. and It la
ld.ol that aal ma ut.rnm.nl can un
d.Maka au.h be!r.nlne and aaaumo lha
laltlal financial tteka. Whan the rl"S baa
I .d and prt.ato capital beams to find Ita
a ay la sufficient abundance into th.ao noar
ehana.la lia lievaeam.nt fnay withdraw.
Itui It caaa.i omit ii beam. It ahould lak.
lh. ftr.t .t.p. and a.inuid lke them al
oa. uar s-o-e moot let Ita piled up at e-r
p-trta ar-d etor.4 opa aid- tracka In fr.tshl
rare wbxB ara aei'r ne.a.l on Iho roatla.
mw.t ao' bo i. ft witbowt mrane of Iran.
aort to any foreiee atw Wo tnul aol
await iho pra!.e of f-reien aMp-ownars
aad f-.lsa fovcmmvais le send them where
Mup I-eeabaue rtae Mrlan4 Vrgeat.
Ttitb a lew ta meetlns tbaaa praeaint
a.c..iiea ef our com mere aad evaUlnc
ourarlvea at lha eerileat poaalbla mom.nt of
tbe peaaant eaparaltelea epportaaity ef link
Ins tha two Americas lother la bond a of
analual latere.! and aervtee. opportunity
whiah may ever rotuta asala If we miaa H
sow. proeoaale will b made te tha preoont
1'oacr.aa for the paevbao. or eon.truclMn
of a.lpa ta be tale and dtroet.d by Iho
i.ov.rnm.al atmllar lo liin. ma-la to lh.
O-arr-eB. but modified I. am. .-.
tial pafttcu.ara. I recommend the.a pro
p.MWa to you tor your prompt aceeptaace
ana 1Kb more eeafid.nce befau. .o,y
montb thai haa .lapeed tin', iho forrn.r
prapBi: w.ro mad. ha. mad. lh. aecBaaitv
f.e .w h .-".-.n iri'if. ai.l m.re manlfejMt
tmpviraliva That aaod w aa tboa foreaeea: It
la aow acwleiy fell and every vlr. realised
by t for whom Ira.la la waiting but who
eaa find Bo root. .anew for tn.ir goods I
am k' t eo murh Intereated In lha parllcu
tara of lha peoeramma aa t am In taklnc
Imm-dlaia aj.antava of Iho seeat oppor
lattit. wblcn awaMe oa If wa will but act
la ti am.ra.ncy la Ihla matter, aa In all
atbare. e tpirtt of common eoupa.l ahonld
prevail, ar-4 evi of It ahoukl come aa early
ao'uiloe of this preeelne problem.
Tbero Is another mailer which eeeme ta
ma to ra t,ir nimatelc aeanciated with tha
que. i ioa of NaMoaat aaf.ly aad preparatloa
fir d-fenum. Tr.at la ear policy toward, tha
f'blllpt 'nee end tha people ot I'orto l:iro
Our ir.otmeni of them aa. their attitude
loaarda aa aro maalfeatly ef the flrat con
eqioara In taa d.valopmeat of eur duties
In tie world and la settlna a frea hand lo
p.rform tboaa dull-s We muat be frea
from ovary linneceaaary burden or embar
rav.mani: and there ia se better war to te
clear of embarraaament that to fulfil eur
proml.ee a r.1 pmmoto tha Intere.ta of thoee
av.rlal on ua lo lh utmoal. Ililla for
lia ait. ration aed reform of the sovornmenl
of tha fblltprlnea and for readerlag fuller
po!lttcal joatlco lo ha people nf forte I'.lcn
wore aabmltte.t to lha SC4 Cocisreaa. They
will bo anhmittM alea lo you I ne-d not
pwrtioaiartae their d.taila Toe are mo.t
of you already familiar wltb, tnam. Tlut 1
da re-omm.nd tham ta vaur early adoption
with tha aine ro c.atetton that there are
f.w rnea.ur.a yoc could ad-pt wBlch would
mora aerviceably clear the ear for the greet
poitclea by which we wiae. te make sood.
aeat . - t or r:;iil la iaad, la iOUPI
creation or a commission to Inquire
Americans, who. sympathising with belligerents abroad, havo plotted and.
Ih,hinelT denounced bv the President, and Congress
ueri iiwi "
a. th. n..an. of providing th. money necessary to add to tt. .v.l and 1 mill-
taxation L' JtZl.ZZT". T.A" .
ta iron ana iirri, - - "
of tbe present tariff on suf sr are recommended
and steel, ana a stamp v v "
completion wiium me h.h ....
In order to secur. National self-efficiency and self-security the country
. . 1 k. k I IIA I. t AAA
ana iirn fiu.u.7 ............
iTcsldent ears thsre ha. been reason t
that" the question Is wh.ther tber. Is anything els. to be don. to better the
tt. s.ys l II a l ill. r-Kuiauuu vi imbj
prtaos af peara and good, will and economlo
and political freedom.
Vhe plana for lha armed force of tha
Nation which I have outlined, and for the
retieral poller of adequate preparation for
mobilisation and defan-a. Involve of courae
very lareo additional eapendtturee of money
eapendltur.e which will conald-raMy ex
ceed tha eetlmeted revenues of tha Govern
ment. It la made my duty by law. ahea
aer tha eetlmatee ot expenditure rxreed the
eaiimate. of revaaua. ta call toe attention
of the Concreaa to th. fact and sussaat any
m.ana of meet in tha deficiency that It may
to wise or poaaitle for me to ausseat. ! am
ready to believe that It would be my duty
to do se la any caae: and I feel particularly
bound lo speak of the matter when It ap
peara that the deficiency will eriae directly
out of the adoption by lha t'onsreaa of
mreruree which 1 myself urge It to adopt.
Allow me. therefore, to apeak briefly on tha
preeenl state ot the Treaaury end of the
fiacal pruMerae which lha next year will
Additional Revenue Required.
On the 30th of June last there arse an
available balance In the general fund of tha
Treaaury of JIM.170.10i.7S. The total esti
mated receipts for tna year J9I. on the
assumption that the emergency revenue mea-
ura naurd bv tha laat Congreae will not
bo extended beyond Ita preacnt limit, the
Slat of December, lUIU. .nd mat tna pre -cm
dine of nna r.nl per nound on sugar alii be
d leer. r. tinned ariar the 1st of May, 1-14, will
ba ti.;u.3l6.Sio. The balance ol June iu
miA thBB. ..Mmated revenues come, there
fore, to a grand1 total of f "74.1.31V tcii.TS. The
..hi ... imBi.d di.huraamenta for the preaent
rimi vaar Including $ii,uoo.ooi for the
fan. ma I'inil. 1 1 S.w.'O.Ouo for pmbal.ls fle-
flcncy sppropriatlona and liO.noo for
ml...tiBr..Ai. ri.nt redemotlnna. will be
tl.-.v v.ii oho: and the balance In llie general
..b' Ar ik. Treaaury will be reduced to
:o.r.4."5.7. The emergency revenue act.
If continued beyond Ita preaant ttm limita
tion. nu:l produce, during the half year
then remaining, about tl l.wal.OUO. The duty
... ... . rw,tnd on .urar If continued.
. i (ittrlnr tha two months of
the flecwl year r-malnlli after tha lt of
y. Sl.out I.t"ai..--. "TV ,
amounting together lo -.d.u0.000. If added
to lha revenuee nf tha second half of the
flecni year, would yield the Trea.ury at the
end of the year an available balance ot ..
611 t.5 ?i
The additional tavenuea required to rarry
nut the programme of mllllary and naval
preparatloa of which I have spoken, would,
.t -cent e.tlmatrd. be for the fiscal
.... iniT IdioOuW. Those flgurea. taken
with tha fleuns for tha pre.ent fl.cal year
... . . v. . . . .Ir.adr alverS diacloM our
rinanclal problem for tha year 1017. Aeeum
to. th.t iha taxes Impoard by the emerseno
revenue act .nd Ihe preeent duty on augar
are lo b dlecontlnued. and that lha balance
at tha cloea of lha preaent flecal year will
ba only tla t 8n:. 7. that tha dleburaementa
for n.a rename Tanal will again ba anout
UlltpnOOii. and that the additional cxpendl-
L. .i and N'ave are aUthorla-d
b. rnnir.. the deficit In tha general
fund cf the Tr-aeurr on the ton, of June.
ait -ill K. n.arlv t.S.VOOO ai. To this
am' at Ua.t t.v..uoo.omi aliould ba added lo
r-pre.ent a anfe working baanc, for tna
Treaaury. and li."O0.o0 to Include Ihe usual
deficiency e.tlmi.ts In I17: er.d these ad
rtflor. wj.iid make a total d.fldt of aome
oCmi If the present laxea ahould ha
continued throughout thia year and the next,
pewev. r. there would I a balance In tne
Treaaury of aome ;rl S.m re at the end or
the preaent flecal year, and a deficit at the
end of lha next year of on!, a-.me -"" '
or r-ckonlnc In .l.r- for deficiency
approprlallona and s aafa Treamry balance
.1 tha and af the year, a -fc.tal deficit of
aome 1 1 1 " on. Te obvious moral of tna
flgurea Is that II ta a plain eouneal of pru
dence to continue sll of the preeelt taxes
or Ibelr equlvaleBta. and rnf1n. auraelrea to
lh. problem of providing 1 1 J -.t of new
tev.nue rather than f j7.wh.oj0.
Inleraal Taxallea IVefet-rrd te Boade.
Haw shall wa obtain tha new revenue"
W. ara frequently reminded that there
are many miuiona of bonda whlcb the Treaa
ary la authorised under exlatlng laar to aell
to relmbuma the auma paid out of current
r-tenure for the eonatrueiion ef tha renama
ratal: and II la true that bonda to Ihe
amount ef approximately Itl.'.OvO " ere
now aval. ah;, for that purpose. Prior to
la;l .11 US ef the, bonda had actual. r
been sold to recoup tha .-ipendlturee at tha
t.thmu.; aad now constitute a considerable
It.m of the publie debc Hut I. for one.
do not b.:ieva that tbe people of thla coun
try epprave of poatponlng the payment or
iheir bins norrowisg money le ehort
elchted flnaBoa. It can ba Justified only
when permanent thlnss ara to be aeeom
pli.hed which many g.n.ratlooa will eer
tamry baner.t by and whtch it neeme hard.y
f.ir that a alngle generation Should psy for.
The objeeta wa ara oow propoainf to spend
money for cannot be so elaeaified. except IB
the aenae that evarythlng wlaely done may
ba aald to be done In tha Internet of pos
terity ss well ss in oar own. It seams to
ma a clear dictate of prudent statesmanship
and frank f nance that In what we are bow,
I bone, about to undertake we ahsuld pay
ae wa go. Tha people of the country are
entitled to know Juat what burdens of tsx
stion they era to carry, and to know from
tha outaet. now. The new bills should bs
paid by Internal taxation
To what source-, then. ehsJI we turn? Thja
Is so peculiarly a queatlon. which the gen
tlemen of lha House of Representatives sre
expected under tha Constitution to propose
aa answer lo that you will hardly expect
ma- 10 do more than dhecusa It in vary
general terma Wa should be following
aa almoat universal example of modern gov.
rrnmrr.il If wa were to draw tha greaser
part or even Ihe whole of the revenues ws
need from th income taxes By eomewhst
lowering tbe present limits of exemption and
the figure at which tha surtax shall begin
to be Imposed, snd by Increasing, step by
step throughout the present graduation, the
rurtax Itee.f. tha Income taxea aa at preaent
apportioned would yield sums sufficient to
balance the books of the treaaury st the
aa. ot the iscal j-aar illl without anywhere i
into tbe transportation problem.
Kxtcnalon of the war rev-
- - -
and the sale of bonds opposed.
.u-. '"- " "7'. .
o fenr they cannot core much long
i "7 . . . -
making the burden unreasonably or op
preaalvely heavy. The precise reckonings
are fully and accurately act out In the re
port of the Secretary of the Treaaury. wnicn
will ba immediately laid before you.
And there are many additional sources of
revenue which can justly ba reaortea to
without hampering the Industrie of tha
the country or putting any too great charge
upon individual expenditure. A tax of ona
cent per gallon on gasoline and naptha
would yield, at the preaent estlmsted pro
duction. I1O.O00.O04: a tax of io cents per
horsepower on automnbllea and Internal ex
plosion engines, li.it"i."00: a stamp tsx
on bank check., probably S18.0uv.iiu0: a tax
of Zi cents per ton on pig Iron. flo.OQO.uuv;
a tax of 2. cents per ton on fsbneated iron
and atael, probably f I0.0v.000. In a coun
try of great Indurtrirs Ilka this It ought to
be esay to distribute the burdens of taxation
without making them anywhere bear too
heavl.y or loo exclualvely upon any one set
of persons or undertsklngs. What is clear
la thst the industry of this generation
should psy the bills of this gcnerstlon.
. Ks Immediate Imager In Mind.
I have spoken to you today, gentlemen,
upon a single theme, the thoruugh prepara
tion of the Nation to care for Ita own se
curity and to make sure of entire freedom
to play the imperllal role In this hcmls
Dhero and in the world which ae all behave
to have been providentially assigned to It. I
have hsd in ray mind ho thought of any im
mediate or particular danger arising out of
our ralstlons with other natlona. We are at
peace with all the nationa of the world, and
there la reason to hope that no question In
controversy between this and other govern
ments will lead to any serious breach of
amicable retatlona. grave as aome differ
ences of sttitude and policy have been and
may yet turn out to be. I sm sorry to say
that tbs gravest threats asslnst our Na
tions! peace and aafety have been uttered
within our own hordera There are cltizena
of the United tttales. I bluah to sdmlt. born
under other flags but welcomed under our
generous naturalization laws to the full
freedom and opportunity of America, who
have poured the poison of dialuyalty into
the very arteries ot our Nations! life: who
have sought to bring the sulhorlty and good
name of our Government into contempt,
to destroy our lnduatrles wherever they
thought It effective for their vindictive pur
pnaes to strike at them, and to debase our
poittlca to the uses of foreign intrigue.
Their number Is not great as compared vlth
the whole number of those sturdy hosts by
which our Nation haa been enriched In re
cent genarallons out of virile roretgn stocks:
hut It Is grt-st encugh to nave brought deep
disgrace upon us and to have made it neces
sary that we should promptly make uae of
prwcretfi of law by which we may be
purged of their eorrupt distempers. America
never witnea.ed anything like this before.
It never dresmed It possible thst men sworn
Into its own cillxenshlp. men drawn out of
great free atooka aurh as ajpplted some of
tho beat and atrongeat elements of that lit
tle, but how hemic, nation that In a high
day of old staked tta very life to free Itself
from every entanglement that had dark
ened the fortunes of the older nnttons and
set up a new etandard here that men of
such orlglna and such free choices of al
legiance would ever turn In msllgn reaction
against tha Government and people who had
welcomed and nurtured I hem and seek to
make thta proud country once mure a hot
bed of Kuropenn piuton.
A little while ago such a thing would
have seemed Incredible, llecausc It mas In.
credible, we made no preparation for It. We
would have been almost ashamed to prepare
far It, as If we were auspicious of ourselves,
eur own comrades snd neighbors! But the
ugly and Incredible Ihlng haa actually come
about and wa ara without adequate Federal
laws to desl with It. I urge you to enact
such Isws st the earliest possible moment
snd feel that in doing so I am urging you td
do nothing lees thsu save the honor and
self-reaped of the Nation. Such creatures
of passion, dis'oyalty. and anarchy must be
crushed out. They are not many, but they
are Infinitely malignant, and the band of
our power should close over tham at once.
They have formed plota to destroy property,
they have entered Into conspiracies against
tha neutrality of the Government, they have
sought to f ry Into every confidential trans,
action of lha Clovemment In order o serve
Interests alien to our own. It la possible to
Oral with these things very effectually. I
need tot suggest ths terms In which they
may La dealt with.
Id. loyal Americano Scored.
I wlah thst It could be said that only a
few men. misled by mistaken aentlmcnts
of allegiance to the governmenta under
which they were born, had been guilty of
disturbing the self-possession snd misrep
resenting the temper and principles of ths
country during iheae daya of terrible wa-.
when It would seem that every men who wsa
truly an American would Instinctively make
It bla duty and his pride to keep the scales
of Judgment even and prove himself a psr
tisan of no nation but hia own. But It cen
sor. There are aome men among ua, and
many reaident abroad who, though born
and bred la the United States sod calling
themselves Americans, bsve so forgotten
themselves and their honor as citizens as
to put their paaslonate sympathy with one
er the other side ln the great European
conflict above their regard for the peace
and dignity Of the United States. .They
also preach and practice disloyalty. No
laws, I suppose, can reach corruptions
of the mind and heart; but I should not
speak of others without also .peaking of
these and expressing the even deeper hu
miliation and scorn which every aelf-pos-saeesd
and thoughtfully patriotic American
muat feel when he thinks of them and of
tha discredit they era dally bringing upon na.
While we epeax or tne preparation or tne
Nation to make sure her security snd her
effective power we must not fsll Into the
oatent error of supposing that iter real
strength comes from armaments and mere
safeguards of written law. It comes, of
course, from her people, their energy, their
succeas in their undertakings, their free
opportunity to use tha natural resources of
our great homeland and of the lands out-
SeOeeux continental .borders which. look io ns ,
for protection, for encouragement and for
assistance In their development; from the
orgsntzation snd freedom and vitality of
our economic life. The domestic questions
which engaged the attention of the last Con
gress are mora vital to the Nation ln this
Ita time of test than at any other time. We
cannot adequately make ready for any trial
of our strength- unless we wisely and prompt
ly direct the force of our laws Into these
all-important fields of domestic setion. A
matter which it seeme to "me we should
have very much at heart Is the creation of
the right instrumentalities by which to mob
ilize car economic resources in any time
of Nstlonal necessity. I take it for grant
ed thst 1 do not need your authority to
can lnte systematic consultation with the
directing officers of the Army snd Navy
men of recognized leaderahip and ability
from among our citizens who are thorough
ly familiar, for example, with the trail
portatioa facilities of the country and there
fore competent to advise how they may be
co-ordinated when tha need arises, those
who can suggest the best way in which to
bring shout prompt co-operation among the
manufacturers of the country, ahould it be
necessary, and those who could assist to
bring tne technical skill of tbe country to
tha aid of the Government In tha solution
of partlculsr problems of defense, I only
hope that if I should find it feasible to
constitute such an advisory body the Con
gress would be willing to vote tho small
aum of money that would be needed to
defray the expenses that would probably be
necesssry to give it the clerical and admin
istrative machinery with which to do serv
Industry Must Be Mad. Available.
What is more important is. that the in
dustries and resources of the country should
he available and ready for mobilization. It
la the more imperatively necessary, there
fore, that we ahould promptly devise means
for doing what we have not yet done; that
we should give Intelligent Federal aid snd
stimulation to Industrial and vocational ed
ucation, as we have long done in the large
field of our sgricultural industry; that, at
the same time that we safeguard and con
serve the nstural resources of the country
we should pot them at the disposal of those
who will use thum promptly and intelligent
ly, as was sought to be done ln the ad
mirable hills submitted to the last Congress
from its committees on the public lands, bills
which I earnestly recommend ln principle
te your consideration; that we should put
Into early operation aome provision for
rural credits which will add to the exten
alva borrowing facilities already afforded
tlie farmer by the reserve hank act ade
quate instrumentalities by which long cred
its may be obtained on land mortgages;
snd that we should study more carefully
than they have hitherto been studied the
right adaptation ot our economic arrange
menta to changing conditions.
If any conditions about which we have re
pestediy legie.lated are being altered from
decade to decade. It is evident under our
very eyes, snd are likely to change even
more rapidly and more radically in the
daya tmmeclietoly ahead of us, when peace
has returned to the world and the nations
nf Europe once more take up their tasks
of commerce and industry with the energy
of thoso who must bestir themselves to
build anew. Just what these changea will
be no one can certainly foresee or confi
dently predict. There are no calculable, be
cause no stable, elements in the problem.
The most we can do la to make certain that
wo have the necessary instrumentalities of
information constantly at our service, so
that we may ba sure that we know exactly
what we are dealing with when we come to
act. If ft should be necessary to act at all.
We must first certainly know what It Is that
wa are aeeking to adapt ourselves to. I
may sak the privilege of addressing you
more at length on this Important matter
a little later In your session.
TransfMrrtat ion Problem Serious.
In the meantime may I make this sug
gestion? The transportation problem ia an
exceedingly serious and pressing one In this
country. There baa from time to time of
late been reason to fear that our railroads
would not much longer be able to cope with
It successfully, as at present equipped and
co-ordinated. I suggest that (lt would be
vim to nrovide for a commission of In
quiry to ascertain by a thorough canvass of
tha whole question wnetner our laws as ai
present framed and administered are as
serviceable ss they might be in the solu
tion of the problem. It is obviously a proh
lem that lies at the very foundation of our
efficiency ns a people. Such an Inquiry
ought to draw out every circumstance and
opinion worth considering and we need to
know all sides of the matter if wc mean
to do anything ln the field of Federal legis
lation. No one, I am sure, would wish to take any
backward step. The regulation of the rall
wsys of the country by Federal commission
hss hsd admirable results and lias fully
Justified the hopes snd expectations of thoso
by whom ths policy of regulation was orlg-
Why You Should
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and payee; paid check is a positive re
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you to keep your books ; merchants pre
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clean, safe and convenient; it adds to
your business prestige.
Lret us open an account for you today.
Fifth and Stark
Sim ole Remedy Promotes
Health by Overcoming Ten
dency to Constipation.
Advancing years Impair the action of
the vital organs. Old age anouia no mo
cAciod of o-rest est happiness, but good
health is necessary. Constipation ahould
not be tolerated It I. orten tno aireci
cause of 111 health.
Headache, belching, biliousness, bloat,
drowsiness after eating and other
symptoms of constipation can bo read
ily relieved by the use of a simple
laxative compound .old ln drug stores
under the name of Dr. Caldwell's Syrup
Pepsin. Mr. J. H. Bristol. 1412 Geddes
Ave., Ann Arbor. Mich., who is 83 year,
old. says: "Dr. Caldwell'. Syrup Pepsin
1. the best remedy I ever used for con
stipation and I always have a bottle of
It in the house to use when I feel the
need of it; It never disappoints."
Dr. Caldwell's Syrup Pepsin is a mild
laxative preparation, positive In Its ef
fect, acting easily and naturally with
out griping or other pain or discom
fort. Fur over a quarter of a century (
it haa been tha standard household
Inally pvoposed. The question is not what
should s undo? It is, whether there Is
anything e!xe we can do that would supply
ua with effective means, in the very proces
of regula.Uon, for bettering the conditions
under whiot the railroads are operated and
for making them more useful servants f
the country as a whole. It seems to me that
It might be ihe part of wisdom, therefore
before further legislation in this field Is at
tempted, to lot'k at the whole problem of
coordination ane.' efficiency In the full light
of a fresh assetament ot circumstance and
opinion, as a guiq e to dealing with the sev
eral parts of it.
For what we arc seeking now, what in my
mind Is the sinele thought of this messace.
Is National efficiency and security. We
serve a great Nation. We should serve it
in the spirit of its -.oeculiar ramus. It is
the genius of common men for self-government.
Industry. Justice, liberty and peaoe.
We should see to it that It lacks no instru
ment, no facility or viaior of law, to make
It sufficient to play its part with enersy,
safety, and assured tureels. In this wo are
no partisans but heralds and prophets of a
Receiver of Stolen Gocsds Paroled.
ALB ANT, Or., Dec. 7. (Special.) J.
E. Van Allan, of Toledo, pleaded guilty
in the State Circuit Court h&re today to
a etiarge of receiving; stolen property,
received an Indeterminate sevntenco in
the penitentiary , and was paroled. He
was accused of disposing of clorver seed
alleged to have been stolen. In this
Try This if You
tv... i. one sure wav that never
fails to remove dandruff completely
and that is to dissolve it J. His destroy s
ir Aotireiv. To do this, just get about
four ounces of plain, ordinary liquid
arvon; apply It at niRtit wnen retiring,
use enough to moisten the scalo and
rub It in gently with the finger tips.
By morning most, if not all. of your
dandruff will be gone, and three or
four more applications will completely
diss&lve and entirely destroy every sin
gle sign and trace of it, no matter how
much dandruff you may have.
Tou will find, too, that all itching
and digging of the scalp will stop ln
.i.nit and rour hair will be fluffy.
lustrous, glossy, silky and soft and look
and feel a hundred times Deiier.
You can get liquid arvon at any drug
store. It is inexpensive, and four
ounces is all you will need. This sim
ple remedy has never been known to
IS COLD CURE
"Pape's Cold Compound" Ends
Colds and Grippe in
a Few Hours.
Take "Pape's Cold Compound" every
two hours until you have taken three
doses, then nil grippe misery goee and
your cold will be broken. It promptlj
opens your clopged-up ntiistrils and the
air passages of the head; stops nasty
discharge or nose running; relieves
the headache, dullness, feverlshness.
sore throat, sneezing, soreness and
Don't stay stuffed-up! Quit blowinc
and snufflinK. Easu your throbbing
head nothing else in the world gives
such prompt relief as "Pape's Cold
Compound." which costs only 25 cents
at any drug store. It acts without as
sistance, tastes nice, and causes no in
convenience. Accept no substitute.
i : . : ' tv
fr- ' -"v . ' J
MR. J. II. BRISTOL,
remedy ln thousands of homes. Drug
gists everywhere sell it for fifty cents
a bottle. A trial bottle of Dr. Cald
well's Syrup Pepsin can bo obtained,
free of charge, by writing to Dr. W.
B. Caldwell, 4 51 Washington St.. Mon