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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 2, 1915)
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eastern Business Office Verree ft Conk-
V luiJBwictt Duuaing. rsew York; Verree
& Conklin. Steger building. Chicago; San
j-nico representative. K. J. itldweil. 74;
JTHE MOKXIXG OREGOXIAX, TUESDAY. yOTEMBER 2, 1915.
!?!l?,made Poor showing in target governments borrowing in the Amew
practice wnich was recorded last ..on .-.--.I,.. ,, " " "
SDrine Th.i fl. . " , . v per cent ana witn
opring. lHat fleet WOUld nnt linva lnn . . . ., . .
starter for maneuvers In the Cartr debt, tt i T douTtfulheThef
service. Th i,mi,.i r.j - " tuuum, me tact
have been n to u .r " U""" on me Administration
bad condition .h, cV, . -----. -uto oUBUUOu8 enons to place them
crew i drowned her at par may be expected.
ways sTood nn. he " J1". mases" A tax on largo inheritances
of the American Nation: ZT w t. 155 lncom would
" i.v auiiiii inpnmaa
and who inherit no fortunes. Sn innir
. Muiusa s DEATH. I out ior some deep playing of politics
rORTLAXD, TUESDAY. NOVEMBER S, 1913
! MORE GUESSIXO.
Justice Hughes, of the Supreme Court,
will be nominated by the next Republican
convention, unless he 'issues a prohibition
stronger than anything he has yet said and
definitely serves notice on the party that
he will reject the nomination even if the
convention formally selects him.
The above sententious summary of
an interesting and doubtful Presi
dential situation is not from the mouth
or pen of any professional prognosti
cator, but it comes from Hon. W. E.
Borah, United States Senator from
Idaho, and himself a possibility as a
There is extant a prophecy that Mr.
Borah will be the candidate in 1916.
It is made by Colonel George Harvey,
of the North American Review, and
long editor of Harper's Weekly. Har
vy was me original Wilson man
though he does not boast about it
nowadays. 'He predicted Wilson
nomination and election as Governor
of New Jersey, and his nomination and
election as President, thereby gaining
immense prestige as a political pro
phet, colonel Harvey is not so en
thusiastic about President Wilson as
he was about Candidate Wilson. It
may not be forgotten that Dr. Wilson
after his nomination bluntly told Editor
.Harvey that the support of Harper's
Weekly was hurtful to him. President
Wilson is nothing if not frank when
nis mends do not please him.
mere will be a prevalent opinion
that the Borah -guess is better than
the Harvey guess as to 1916.
The Germans are continually giving
us mesh evidence that their wonderful
successes against the world in arms
ore due to nothing more than National
efficiency and unity. JThey looked into
the future and prepared. It was not
enough to train armies. National
forces and resources were developed
organized and conserved. German
leaders saw not weeks or months, but
years ahead. Railroads were con
structed with their strategic as well as
their economic value fully considered.
.every possibility was carefully weighed
and acted upon. Every conceivable
emergency was considered and dis
counted well in advance.
Nor has this habit of foresight been
acanooned in the hour of stress. The
"ermans ao not await the press of
necessity before acting in any partic
ular event. Their needs are considered
well In advance and time is taken by
tne roreiock. The latest German fore
thought takes the form of conserving
copper and meat. Both those com
modules are running short. So the
federal council orders all copper,
'wneiner in ornaments or utilities
turned over to the Government.
Copper is needed for the
ture of shells, the most clever of Ger
man chemists being unable to devise
a substitute. Meat supplies are threat
ened. While there is plenty of meat
tuaay, tne supply promises to fall he
low the demand in due time if the
war continues which it nrobahlv will
Instead of waiting until a crisis is at
hand, the' Federal council restricts the
use or meat throughout the empire so
iu prevent an ultimate shortage.
There is a dismal contrast hpticscn
British meat riots, meat shortages and
price advances and the conditions pre
.uuiS m tne lierman market. Ger
many issues a simple order to all res
taurants that they must dispense no
meat, fish or fowl, or dishes cooked
in lard, bacon or drippings on Mon
days and Thursdays. . Butchers are
prohibited from selling meat on Tues
days. No pork must be sold on Satur
days. Since the shops are closed Sundays,-
the open days for sale of meat
are few. Such a course is certain to
reduce meat consumption by thousands
of tons, insuring a greater supply for
the men on the firing line, who really
need meat a great deal more than
those engaged in oaeifio. n. -,,! .
Herman Ridder. who died in- New I wit'b the revenue laws.
York yesterday, was a conspicuous
iigure in the American newspaper UMVOIITHY sponsorship.
v. ona, although the journal of which A correspondent today questions the
he was publisher the New Yorker accuracy of The Oregonian's interpre-Staats-Zeitung
was printed in the tatlon of the recent fndi,m eie-
German language. Born in New York tion results in California. He reminds
of German parents, he was not In any us that the charges of extravagance
.,., vl uuuuuui sense S. ftvntin. flpfl1nt h. TrtT. i j , , ,
ated American, though it is !, LTm -Z nation
Iy true that he.wTn..i " raerenaum campaign were
man in his, sn.(K! i," ' er" made last year in the state election
sions. He was always frankly a nartil that In splte thereof Governor
san,butnomanwasmoreconLienrT?JJoSn?" was re-elected.
and none more anxious to he -,e. . 5U.1 lne correspondent must remem-
with himself and fair with the-pub- !L "V" choIce oI candidates a plu
uc. it is interesting and even si... , wmie tne late of an
amendment depends upon the will of
the majority. Governor Johnson was
opposed last year by candidates of
nificant to recall that the c--.
Zeltung had recently this just and
true comment about an incident of
There should never have bees a necessity
for an execution of a woman under any cir
cumstances. Had Miss Cav.lv. . .i. k
He did not poll a
Such restriction may be termed
high-handed Federal control, but in
the last analysis it must be recognized
as real efficiency. With National ex
istence in the balance. National re
finements cannot be considered. The
continued German successes against
tremendous odds seem to justifv such
forethought and such restrictions If
the Germans should chance to emerge
from the war with increased prestige
German efficiency in such matters
may claim a greater share of the credit
than mere German armies, which are
no braver than the fighting men of
the other countries engaged.
WHERE HE STANDS.
One man who has consistently
striven for the construction of a Navy
adequate to defend the country and to
u""u'(1 118 policies is Theodore Roose-
street, in (jollier's Week-
... irom nis speeches and writ
... "'"ciku, fourteen and twelve
years ago. all to the same effect, and
.8. ances t0 this ey are in line
V ""at n said before, during and
since his term as President. He dis
played the naval power of the United
tiV.f b.y sendinS fleet of sixteen
battleships around the world and he
raised the standard of efficiency by
frequent target practice and maneu
vers. Yet new converts to the cause
S, 1 he did for PParedness
while he was President. He gave this
telling answer to Mr. Street:
nit-,U'.hr S9t. ,oor tt!eshlps a year.
H. shlP in Proportion. Finally!
vw B.Srf1!'"8 m P'oamm, or two a
.'.'."'Li ?f'r" .L.can" ln Congress had'
Mv t.n hi.ViLi ' money ior battleships.
neierenaum elections hovA -kon
held In Oregon in which the votom
5S ' wffi S"1 t0 criminate
commanders may do thing In the I r . wd.wccu e uuu ana Daa
wm'j?f.war ln whlch a thelr own people measures. Other elections have been
win not support ths-n. K.M .i . . . "
I " jieraniage voted no
Mr. Ridder was Ions- nrnTniiunt without effort tn dlrininot. ri
. uLmuna oi tne Demo-i""""1 'r , latter attitude was not
...i.i..v; pony ana ne was activn In tho ara to discern. Tt wn a nmw
""n newspaper Publishers' Asso- gainst aouse or th direct legislative
ciduun and m the Associated Press. Pwer.
He was a director of the latter- nrni. It is fair to assume tnnf ln rv.iif
zation, having been re-elected last nla ln iew of the general defeat of
measures not all of whloh v,
Mr. Ridder had the entirn r.nt some influence materlaiiv offotH ,
of the newspaper fraternity. He was result. That influence, we can only
a strong and able man who felt Hcnh, I conclude, was lack of rnnflri.i.. i
and acted aggressively. It is probable resentment against the state adminis-
tnat tne trying and difficult position tration.
in which he found himself no I Moreover, to control on iHnn
sult of the war hastened the end. He sult such an influence need affect only
wanted to see Germany and America a minor percentage of the voters. Sup-
u, -tsut he was first pgse seventy-fl; ner rm nf tk. .....
ers carefully study an amendment and
vote their honest convictions. Forty
nine per cent may vote yes, and yet the
The Orprnn),T, tD ..v..- -sIX per cent who- vote "no"
-r,H r.k r.T' ." V"" l" tne i-a from honest convictions
Grande Chronicle for thn rnr.r-t e
brief extract from a speech by Senator
v-uamuenain, wnich he "pulled on al
most every occasion" durine-
aDsence ln Oregon from Washington.
- euij-iive per cent who vni
from resentment, lack of confidence
or prejudice, will defeat the measure.
oponsorsnip of a good measure by
(The lamniaro . " " loministratlon or by a eroun of
porarj-s. not ours.) The cSkmSL,; Pe"nS ln whoso dom or honesty of
sentiment was: urpoae an appreciable percentage of
I h.-iiBv. t.,.. .... .. .. . nas nttie faith, means its
states, not even exceotm airnost inevitable defeat, for jio meas
E "rsT was caned upon to bear the
- , . tiraiucut wiison. Only a year
,n-vAB,Jst hll,helpmeet. his good wife.
thJf hM.fil '"i11 h!m-J 'ev'ne him to bear
- V aU.,Luua sua loneliness.
Our La Grande neighbor not im.
naturally suggests that the Senator
win De obliged to amend his
sure, however worthv or well r.n
structed, can gain the unanimous ap-
vi" ui tne percentage that does give
.1. ...uu6uum consiaeration.
I TI.IlSt STEK OR CIX)Tt-RE-
iiftu great contllct of thn session rf
It will, of course tnvp him
Congress which will open in SwmW
oatiaractjon to be able to do it "m!8oarouna tne Government ship
It is not wholly a pleasant thing to be Purchase bill. That is a safe forecast
"u it. regara tne White House as me nints ovnich are dropped by
a vast and gloomy orison tenants members of the Administration nH
a lonesome figure, denier! thn
from the determined attitude of onno-
of his equals and overburdened with slUon which has been taken up by the
the critical affairs of a Nation. That RePubUcans, backed by the business
is the reason, no doubt, why a wave of Public and by all exceDt the hlinriiv
pleased surprise, not to sav mo-e I partisan and radical npnstnr.
less articulate elation, swept over the Incensed at the successful filibuster
nation wnen it was apprised of the alusl diu in the last session the
happy culmination of the President's Administration is bringing pressure to
secret or should, tva v cavof I bear on Vice-Presid
romance. " he may by his rulinra sh rt .v,
It is pleasing to know also that the fiIiDuster ln the Senate. Unless be
announcements . of a November wed- ""u'a' a nooa of words will block
ding were premature, and that the the way to a vote- Attempts to pre
official date is some time toward "the vent filibustering by adoption of a
last of December." The days of one's cloture rule would be useless, for the
courtship are, after all. t "l ft m nor I obstructionists WOUld 9.S pffonttiollit
lightful and interesting of all, in pros- block a vote on the new rule. The only
pect, in fact, and in retrospect An chance of forcing a vote is to nerve
appreciative Nation would not have the Vice-President up to the point of
the President or his fiancee cut short makln an arbitrary ruling and then
the felicities of an appropriate en- crush all efforts to reverse that rul-
6semeni period by a single dav TTow "e appeal.
.c duuiic win enjoy the detailoo
newspaper accounts during the ensu
ing weeks of the Prra!rinr,i
iu.n-auu-uun sunnorters of
Administration are prepared to adopt
. uui mere is a considerable
dent of mind, who recall that unlimited
PLAYING POLITICS WITH rv.-. l'. UI raIn'
ti, . aeDate was a powerful in!,ir,imm
rMnTJL11?. PP-ng Republican legislation in "the
that natrlotisn, t',' ' " r""""1
with .Tv.irTr.Tr. .lne energy past and who foresee that it
ci-ui in me
.ucru.cuesa OI tne Wnnn in v-
with which the Administration took :oT,an',,,:f"irfAel.!hat "m
up the work of National defense " ... " l" IUCre. The very
fourth or fifth.
now we are
Colonel Roosevelt has occasionally
bees) intemperate in his utterances
about the war, but we can be sure of
tome things which would not have
happened had he now been at the
helm. The Atlantic fleet would not
EI I6."-? that - - siood it hands TS
necessity, customarv witn Tie c rae8' .
way to lift the DernJTi"S15'",l..a Presti of the Senate, and
T " ? enough lve lLLTl 2
t pay orainary expenses with- lower the prestige of the Wo,,.l -nrl
out new taxes or bonds or both unless Daniel WetaUrtefevltlofrom
,Jn.lireases the tar all along the to Senate was to T""6
,or oeh! present
or the Underwood tariff as a ..Tt , r. 10 reassure them:
producer and would Wn?,". Lev" C,T,l tb th senate can
"CtiV,, in ee I" " .v". . "aB 11 13 The
ever their miroose ' tne scene or oratoi
The problem before the Administra- sim Har tZ thoi ofuS iL?
tion, therefore, has heen to t " v. I ... 01 .tne Senate in our
the revenue without reopening thTen! with ktenTnTereT TT
a"f.f controversy and also, with- ment remained more or !e J "Jfifj
under such cir- to the adontion of . x,..v . "
mlkegood The fZ !Use iegislation" originates
for preparedness nointen , "Ar'i tne ru,es committee,
The Administration's purpose pob- jority party sets a hmit "fo1 k"
ably is to retain the sugar dutv JL limits 1 !. 1'.' debate,
new and increase the tk n " u,aa eDate on
and increase the income on ZZ"? S""1 a single vote
en.D I or amendments ro.
eno,, measures would Posed by the committee in charsre 01
enough revenue for orrlin.TO a bill. cnarge ol
penses, but that the lnr The c .
tlonal defense makes lw, such ZT IVs3 th contempt
necessary. Duties on rw oo, mr 7 ZT. ,""as or manufactur-
resentative Hull sal to""." "eL" hlste ."0.t I" its
1Pntn. - '"UIe tnan to suggest
mind an inheritance tTJ T, u i.h.T.; ore 1
sureesten w tI I-TT uneB senate puts the leis
dustrial Relations Commission
suggested by the Commons, report of laon into proner
tne tnaustrial Relations This s .
fA toThose who
But the lid is to be kent on o-ene.-i"
tariff revision and the inheritance tax
Deen taken up as the al
ternative. By this plan it is hoped to "take the
curse off" a bond issue. It will be
depicted as a war measure made nec
essary by the war emergency. In fact,
the war will be the scapegoat for all
our financial woes. It has already
been blamed for the decrease in cus
toms revenue. Now that it has caused
an irresistible demand for a larger
Army and Navy, it is to be held respon
sible for a bond issue. The Democratic
party is to go before the people with
a.P."?C'aJnation that- when the safetv
or the Nation was concerned, it did
not hesitate to incur the odium of is
The plan is said to be to issue $100 -000,000
of Panama' Canal bonds, of
which over 200.000,000 remain un
issued. The authorized rate of in
terest is 3 per cent, and with foreign
rleira Z. C s muse WHO
desire to get thinirs Hone 1 j
the individual Senator a7 opportunity
'oubHan1 Ut r a fieure before tX
Public, in contrast to the swarm of
Representatives who merely say "Me
too" to the decisions of ther feadera
be ml!, f unsPken speeches To
be mailed to their constituents. Hence
has come a great heightening of the
Senator's prestige, while little is hear!
ii y Representatives except pZty
s!n"e o? fn13, commi"ee chairmen, out
side of their own constituencies.
Even when unlimited debate in the
Senate degenerates, into filibustering
a mere time-consuming flow of words
continued to the limit of physical en!
durance it is not an unmLed etl
There is some truth in the opinion at
tributed to opponents of cloture that
"any bill that is sincerely supported
by a majority of the Senators can be
passed. Even the majority use the
privilege of unlimited debate to k!H
unsound or objectionable measures
they do not dare openly to oppose."
One need go ano farther back than
a quarter of a century for examples
"i tne trutn or this saying. When an
attempt was made to revive the force
bill during the Harrison Administra
tion, Senator Quay Joined the South
ern Senators in a filibuster which suc
ceeded because the public sentiment
of the North opposed revival of sec
tionalism and because the filibustered
were sincere. The Sherman silver
purchase law was repealed in 1893 ln
face of a filibuster -which, though sin
cere, was confronted by. an opposition
equally sincere, a determined Presi
dent and' an awakened public senti
ment. When Senator Carter in 1901
talked the river and harbor bill to
death, he did so on a hint from Presi
dent .mcjsjniey, who intended to veto
it, but wished to avoid the necessity.
air. carter tola a writer for the New
York Sun that "Senators WhO VATA
hostile to the bill, but who did not
care publicly to oppose it, would hand
me slips of paper as they passed my
desk during the night, on which were
noted certain items calling for appro
priations that were particularly objectionable."
In this manner he was alwavs era.
vided with "a fresh text when one was
So It was with the Tecent filibusters
or benator Burton. He knew that the
secret sentiment of the majority was
witn nun in condemning the river and
harbor bill of last Summer, and he
finally inspired his supporters with
enough courage to come out Into the
open and cut $20,000,000 out of the
bill. That measure was not sincerelv
supported, but it was sincerely op
posed. Similar circumstances enabled
xar. Burton to rally enough Democratic
votes to hia side for the displacement
01 tne snip-purchase bill as the mih.
ject under consideration. The inde
pendent thinkers among the Democrats
were opposed to it; the regular Demo
crats were for it only because that was
the regular thing; the Republicans al
most to a man were unyieldine-lv
against it. The independent oninion
of the country was against It. By the
filibuster a machine majority was pre
vented from overthrowing the will of
the actual majority of the Senators
who formed their own opinions.'
11 an attempt .is made to 1am t,e
bill through at the coming session of
Congress, the odds will be against it
for the reasons described. If an at
tempt la made to clear the way with
a cloture rule, the odds may be against
cna.1. aiso. many days will be wasted
and the really necessary legislation
will be neglected. Shipping legisla
tion of the kind DroDoserl hv the
Chambers of Commerce might be
pcLHMeu witnout prolonged debate and
due attention could then be given to
National defense, revenue and rural
If Senator Kern contemplates a fight
for cloture, he courts defeat. Stronger
men, who had far more absolute
power than he, have tried it and
failed. The list includes Clay, Hill of
New York. Hoar. Piatt of Connecti
cut, and Aldrich, "boss of the Senate."
Mr. Kern will lose the fiirht no
wreck his entire legislative programme.
European War Primer
By National Geographical Society.
Oregon hens must be gotten Into
action again. Word comes from Phila
delphia that a Pennsylvania leghorn
is setting new records in laying. Ore
gon launched this movement and
should not be beaten at Its own. e-ame
As the matter now stands. Tennv-i
vania claims the laying record. Oregon
hens should be, set to work immedi
ately In order that the world's record
may be returned to this state without
Fruitfulness, splendid order and con
tentment characterized the Champagne
country, where now the lines of the
French and German trenches wind like
scars through the heart of its high
plains. Its peasant proprietors were
wen to do before the war; its cities.
wniie small, were well built and pros
perous and cases of poverty were sel
uuiu .w uo met witn witnin its area.
Its farms, under intense cultivation,
yielded more than the rich holdings in
the famous black-earth belt of Rus
sia and the wine made from its grapes
as s-nown wnerever western civiliza
tion had found its way.
The Champagne is an old-time pro
vincial division of France and Is in
cluded within the present departments
of Harne, Haute-Marne, Selne-et-Marne,
Aube. Ardennes, Aisne and
Yonne. The trenches pass through
Flanders, the Artois. Picardia and then
enter the Champagne, where are lo
cated some of the most lmpirtant bat
tlefields on the western front. Rheims
is in the heart of the region and the
German lines are just beyond this city.
The old province was about 180 miles
long by 150 miles broad and. after the
10th century, it was ruled bv its o-n
Counts, who were vassals of the French
Kings. Its capital was Troyes. It
was united by marriage to the French
crown and was incorporated with the
Kingdom in 1361.
Idege and Luxemburg bound the
province on the north, Lorraine bounds
it on the east. Burgundy on the south
smd Picardia and Isle de France on the
"Bst- Thus fighting reported from
tne Champagne takes place somewhere
between Soisson on the west and the
forest of Argonne on the east. The
country is hilly on the north and east,
while high plains form its center. It
Is throughout this region that the
present German lines cut deepest into
On the hills and undulating fields of
Northern and Central Champagne, in
lug suauow sons, are grown the grapes
yvuil-u c ranee s world-fame
wmes are maoe, tne aristocracy anon
all the wines of earth Ti-ni,.r.inn
this part of France is rlr.h nrt vifu
but it is upon the success of the
harvests 'that the good and bad years
ia-rsely depend. A bad grape year is
iii people or the province.
" buuu grape year Drlngs pros
perity to all. The wine nrodnct 1,
sent to every country In the on j
Its export is large enough to represent
" Awui mm item in tne nation s for
f'en trade. Rheims and Bpernay are
iijrmnt centers or champagn
manufacture and miles of ranks o
this product are stored in labyrinthian
galleries cut through the low chalk
hills in their neighborhoods. A trip
through these underground avenues
broken here and there by little lighted
v. '"""' groups or workmen
or cut tne wines, was a regu
lar feature on the tourist's
whose route through France ran this
ECONOMIC CONDITION IWOLVED
Bryan asks that no one nitv hi f
his political reverses. That is asking
a great deal. He also remarks that
had he advocated two centuries ago
what he now stands for they would
have hanged him. Verv likeiv The
human family has grown patient dur
ing tne last zoo years.
John Redmond shows by fitrures the
untruth in the statement that Irish
men are emigrating in advance of
conscription. He is right. Prosneot of
a fight never made an Irishman run
tne otner way.
Now that the Mexicans are to fi-ht
another terrific battle on the border
the usually heavy loss of life may be
looked for on the American side of
the border among noncombatants.
Official announcement has it
the President will wed Mrs. Gait the
latter part of December. Why not a
unue as air. Wilson's
The British are buvine- th
American horses. The consignment
should include a nice gentle old nag
.uo personal use of King George.
If it were the intention to i t-.
Kellaher the goat In the Sunday-closing
matter, somebody has disooverert
more than horns and hoofs on him.
Just to show the serenitv thot
in Germany, it may be stated that
Pech won the great trottina- rtor-v,,.
and pulled down 50,000 marks.
If men depended more on rioir,
good work and less on the protection
of a civil service blanket not so many
would lose the jobs.
There is a verv dannrnn.
felt $10 banknote in circulation
you have one pass it into the teller and
.va.i.11 mm orana It.
If women who contemninte nn..u
ting suicide knew the stuff would turn
them black in the face they would
They are having skatino- nar;e 1.
the Middle West, while Portland is
garnering its Fall rose crop.
The holdup of a 1itn ev rlritret. ;
closes that his day's earnings amounted
to (u, wnicn 13 some sum.
l little hen in a little state t,o-
taken the egg-laying honors from Ore-
sirii, uut not ior long.
China has rejected the latest
of the powers. But suppose the pow-
cia suuuia insist r
No, Myrtle, there is no relationship
however remote, between the MivnA
Jess Willard shows a streai of sense
rare in champions in quitting the show
The jewelry store situation is he-
coming acute. Soon all can -wear diamonds.
Remember the Land Show.
NO INDICATION OF" DISTRUST SEEN f
Former Callfornlan Believes Paoole I
Approve JohnsoB Administration.
PORTLAND, Nov. 1. (To the Ed
itor.) A man's character shou not he
Judged by what his divorced wife and
nis enemies say of him. 1 fear The
Oregonian, in commenting on the de
feat of the nonpartisan measure in
California, has fallen into this common
error by selecting as Its chief author
ity the Los Angeles Times, whose ed
itor. General Harrison Gray Otis, has
been one of the most implacable op
ponents of Governor Johnson and of
The extravagance of the Johnson ad
ministration, which is assigned by The
Oregonian as one of the chief reasons
for the defeat of the nonpartisan and
other measures, was made the main
Issue of the last gubernatorial cam
paign, which resulted in the re-election
of Governor Johnson last November by
the Times candidate. Captain Fred
ericks, and by the Democratic can
didate, Senator John B. Curtin.
But it was proved to the satisfac
tion of the people of California that
the increase in the cost of their state
government was relative only, and that
they had received full value therefor,
mat many commissions h.j hee
created, it was admitted. But the com
missions which necessitated the largest
expenditures of money were the public
service (railroad) and employers' liabil
ity commissions, and the board of cor
troL And even Captain Fredericks did
not dare commit himself to the aboli
tion or any of these commissions. Onf
ijio contrary, tne Kepnblican organiza
tion. Which SlinnnrtoH X.". 1 1 ;
uiciu iwpuDiican measures
", ov a republican Legislature.
My opinion, basmi on .1 Ve..
dence in California, and on an active
H"uuiruon in its politics (I opposed
, . '"inson in nis first cam
j z tuo popie 01 jaitrornia
"""-"- nonpartisan measure be
cause they thought they had gone far
enough, for the present, in the direc-
"uh oi nonpartlsanship.
xo Da more specific: California has
v.t.u nonpamsansnip farther, per
.n any otner state in the
, jumciary. irom the Justices
or the Supreme and Appellate courts to
-uc.cn.eB 01 me peace, all school offi
lS' JnlrlAln the st"e Superintend
e2i ? PuUc Instruction, all county
wtl r7r,8tJ,Ct Attorney, Sheriff.
Clerk Recorder, etc. are nominated
and elected without regard to tlreir
The nonpartisan measure, which was
?o?iSiTffby RPblIcan. Democratic.
Socialist and Prohibitionist organist
tions, and a reference of which to the
voters of the state Governor Johnson
favored, proposed to extend non
K anship to all other state offices,
irom Governor down
thm?hfUS,t,.U" People of California
thought that a greater measure of
nonpartlsanship than they already
possess was. as Governor Johnson puts
anead of the times." I do not
think that they would abandon the
measure of nonpartlsanship they al
fea y Pssess: "or do I think that by
the defeat of the nonpartisan measure
the people of California intenHei .
revise their verdict of last November,
and show their distrust of the Johnson
LEON R. YANKWICH.
Twenty-five Years Ago.
Bnt Well-to-do Are Willfully Childless
Along With the Poor.
OSWEGO, Or, Kot. 1 (To the Ed
read with Interest A.
comers letter in The Oregonian of
October 28. Does your correspondent
""""" mere are a number of peo
pie in Portland alone who. fur h
ing studied conditions from all sides,
are willfully childless." th.li- ohi
being to help better the conditions of
iL,,uac put uniortunate beings wh
ue-.c none ineir "iuty to the state'
and reared not only five or six chil
tiieu, out in many cases 10 or 12?
uo not people owe some duty to
uicuiscives; ui wnat use are worn-ou
mothers, harassed fathers, sickly chil
dren. often physically and mentally de
I think that the situation calling for
i" "icnui tnougnt is tne economic
one. When that is changed there will
muiiues struggling against pov
erty and conditions which deprive them
i c.cijuims, even Dare necessities.
ei-uups Jt wouia De to the interest o!
the state if there were laree families
at any rate there might be far more
uo'itiuie people ior citizens.
aiinougn t ao assert that people
euouia oe periectly free and please
themselves in such matters, for my
vet 1 a iiujie itnowieoge will be circu
lated, instead of restrained, inf
people how to be willfully childless if
-.-jr "COll C 1 L,
umoriunaieiy it is noticeable that
omuc prevails among a class of
people who are blessed with this
vorius gooas. EVOLUTION.
"WANDERERS' CLUB" FOR LOXELY
iri, far From Borne and Friends,
Portland, Nov. 1. (To the Editor.)
-uutuumsea Dy tne letters which
have appeared in The Oregonian. I
should like to add my feeble voice to
me uuui us or tne lonely.
Like hundreds of other girls in Port.
land, I am lonely. My occupation does
not bring me in touch with the out
side world, and I have found few in
in. a great, rree, generous. onen
hearted West" to welcome me to their
..u,oo, lower stiii to interest them
selves In my well-beintr.
My home, when I had one, was many
lvuU nines away. indeed, It is
nttie exaggeration to say that I am
on auger in a strange land. I am not
too proua to admit that I am hungry
iiicuauip, siarvea Tor human
However, my object in writing is to
suggest a remedy. Why not start a
v aiioerers- tjiuo." where we who are
.moeu. wun tne gipsy blood may en
joy the society of our own kindT
it unouia De easy of accomplish -
u,u ma rignt person, or persons,
take it . in hand. Could not the pas
tors of the various churches make a
ine late Air. w. T. Stead, editor of
me msinn eview or Reviews, held
weekly receptions at his home
don where all interested in literary
.'lo wcits umua welcome.
Is there a man or woman in Portland
altruistic enough to embark on a sim-
PORTLAND AS RAILROAD CENTER
9soan Be more Potent Factor
and Mot Non Have Chance.
PORTLAND. Nov. 1. (To the -c-j.
tor-) Robert E. Strahorn's frank and
straight-forward talks to the business
men of Portland contrast chi,,
mo u.iua. pooi oi Henry Villard. It i
oi....o.i.eu mat apout , 9X1.000,000 of
uregon i capital disappeared in that
financial crevasse. Very severe cases
of temporary insomnia resulted but
worse than that followed a prolonged
chronic trouble of extreme caution and
The ugly expression was frequently
v.e.i mo. nuuuia De several first
class funerals in Portland. it was
wrong, cruel and fallacious. Courage
and enterprise should have been en
couraged and fostered.
Portland could and should have been
a far more potent factor in railroad
circles than she is. Is there a chance
to retrieve? Some wiser head than
mine must answer. Certainly she
should be on the alert to avail herself
of every commercial advantage whether
on land or on sea.
It is true that the system of roads
proposed by Mrs. Strahorn would cross
the Columbia watershed to the south
ward, but Portland ought to be such a
magnet as would draw to it pretty
forniar.ne thS CaU" ink an examination of the file, of
lu"tlon on Commerce.
PORTLAND, Nov. l.rTo the
tor.) (1) Will you kindly explain why
vessels will pass by the Columhia piv
and proceed all that distance along the
i vvasningion and then back
through Puget Sound to Seattle, a dis
tance of at least 70n miles ,i
can slip into the Columbia River and
either stop at Astoria or nrooee1
Portland, which is, as we know, about
116 miles from the hr' r ,i ; .wi
ther . .
j " wuiu mvu i r;n itme sn
L.i O .111! ITPI1I.. ehAn, - ( .
(2) Recently vou nuhllshe ..,i
in vrhlnh Tr- i t .
U . i no jHer maae a statement
t i V t-ommon rate is granted As
" J? move nis Interests to
xuur article was not clear,
and no good reasons were given by Mr.
--.ii . attitude. Will you
-....- 6.v an explanation?
Rhino -In. . i, .
. i.w o.ii ior lne mere ntir.
pose of reaching a port. Carero Is thei-
soie consideration. The advantage of
a c.i so ootn coming and going will
offset the advantage of an accessibility
which provides only an outward-bound
cargo. Portland s chief requirement
a port is inoound cargoes. It lacks
the favor of Eastern exporters and im
porters, the practical co-operation of
transcontinental railroad lines, and the
determination of local interests to use
a legitimate business club to get that
favor and co-operation. It also needs
inaustries to manufacture raw imports.
(3) Mr. Houser has facilities for handling-
D-rnin 1 n -. . ' -
.-.. ... X 11 Llll(l Hnrt Meet.
-1 "e amps ne charters may be
loaded at either port at the same rate.
As we understand his position, rather
than invest heavily in nin.h-ii-.
F , , , . , , . .......,
''"""a at a. tnira port h mrin e-.
fine his business to Seattle. This on
the apparent theory that, upon estab
lishment of a common grain rate, shin
owners would demand that grain be
delivered to their vessels at Astoria
rather than Portland if they were to
load in the Columbia River.
Prom Ths Oregonian of Konmbw 2. 1S90.
T,?rab! concert was given on
Club ?L .henLns iast by 010 Autumn
?iV M." be,?eflt of Bethel Metho
dist Church at Nonpareil hall.
..eslr.s- Gerge and Steams have
wrought a wonderful change at the old
quarry of the Portland Pavfne Com
wJ V lie he "d of Market street. The
oil ki1B hiU has ben terraced
fnrt n,'tJ b,iK chasm has been filled
and in its place is a row of the most
beautiful residences ever seen.
honYe1." wlU you et lnto your new
houser asked a reporter of Mr. Per
kins yesterday. "As we have been de
AZ? J?,,me nwour work," replied he.
we will not be able to open up be
fore the first of January. We intend
that everything shall be finished in
rirst-class style before we receive
5J " The hol,se is looming up rap
idly and from the outside presents an
During the month of October the po
f the city made Sl arrests. While
... . BJtYa ? frood roonth's work.. the
oonl . "" number is not lararer.
considering the fact that the exposiUon
rTnfeJ'11."""18 and that tne city at such
times is supposed to be infested with
visiting thugs, thieves and tramps,
lice fr the vlKilance of the po-
i.,1,"??1 B,rady yesterday took the Port
a ,"."? RowlnS Association's boathouse to
Albina, where It will .remain during
An, interesting game of football will
a.JI 1?edi by the Portland Football and
Athletic Association at 3 P. M. today at
its grounds at Sunnyside. association
rules to govern.
Th.,renains of Paul "Wegert. who
was killed by a falling tree near West
port last Wednesday, were sent to
Saginaw. Mich., from Rivers Undertak
ing establishment yesterday.
Half a Century Ago.
Toys Not Worst Influence.
PORTLAND. Nov. 1 .To the
tor.) Kindly permit me to express my
.heWSnr,!Sardins the "war declared on
the military toy" h, the i,,i
WhV take th PSA tnV l-r.r--. M -
little boy? In the first place the little
fellow who enjoys playing with them
is too young to understand their mean
ing, and the bov who nne - . . ..
old to care for such toys.
the -hi J Z tFUe Pat "the Play cf
the child has much tn - ... . L.
forming of its character and tenden
cies, therefore let us allow them to
Play in their innocent manner, by re
fraining from ii-laren.ee in -
gossip, murder cases and scandal in
their presence, and set them an ex
ample of a happy domestic life free
M c B ana ugly words.
Teach them to resnnt th.t. ... .
and show respect, kindness and cour
tesy to strangers, "qualities which are
sadly lacking in our present young
people." and they will ripen into as
good people as we need.
Severe Winters In Early Day a.
PORTLAND. Oct. 31. tTn the trai
tor.) Referring to the legendary ac
count of cold Winters in Oregon, an
old mossback begs leave to submit the
following lists in. the legendary class
covering a period of 64 years:
-nristmae, 1So2 Deepest snow fall
n all the years and verv olri h..f
of long duration.
In 1S55-6. hard freezing hnt m.ie
snow; all sown Winter wheat north of
Salem frozen out; south protected bv
In. 1861. the recorii-hroin- v.
Winter; 1868-9, the coldest Winter in
the legendary column: ista.k -
sharp, cold spell, light fall of snow of
short duration; 18S4-5, the heaviest
snow fall, followed by an ice blockade
on all lines of travel for several weeks
and very cold.
The cold Winter of 1888 tat.. ...
f the legendary class into the Veih-
From The Oregonian of November 2. 1S63.
S. Steinheiser has lately returned
from the Eagle Creek mines, at which
place he has largely become interested
in quarts ledges. Some of them show
the presence of substantial amounts of
gold and silver. He met with an ac
cident a few days before his departure
from the town of Augusta, at which
place he has been doing business, and
had his right leg broken, which pre
vents his getting about.
Old Sol, by great condescension snrl
attention to the wishes of the peopo
on this prt of the mundane sphere has
or late been touching us with care and
me tine tnreads or sunshine interwoven
with the delicate breezes of the smith.
ern clime have been of the most grate
The November term of the ri,-it
Court of Multnomah County, Judge E.
p. Shattuck, will be held at the Court-
.. ,n lUia city Beginning Monday,
the 13th inst.
In addition to the nainftii
happening in the vir-init.. r,r xr .
Grove recently, we hear that the little
.musuier or j. i. owens. living within
four miles of the place, was burned so
badly by her clothes taking fire, that
she died six hours after, on Thursday
Old-time Oregonians are predicting
severe Winter. On the ---.,i. -
the recommendation of one who has
had nearly 20 years' evnet-iene
advise people to lay up in a safe place
their supply of vegetables, fruit, etc
Sheriff Stitzel will today -.isit the
taxpayers of the North Portland pre
cinct at the enyine-house.
The long-established and well-known
firm of J. H. and I. R. Moores. of Salem,
have sold their stock of goods to Bar
telle & Breyman.
OREGON TRIE LTad" OF" POETRY
Praises Will Some Day Be Song So That
Whole World Will Heed.
WHITE SALMON, Wash., Oct. 31.
(To the Editor.) The Oregonian. I have
noticed, is a strong believer in the
beauty and romance of the "Oregon of
poetry." the Columbia River, its tribu
taries, plains and mountains; and
doubly so of late since the building
of the Columbia Highway. Likewise
as a belier myself I am glad to see
so much interest of this kind mani
fested and directed so well on so de
serving a topic, for it is a field that
will never be exausted, and a theme
that will never grow old.
But no matter how much the visitor
may pay his tribute to the many
wonders of the great Northwest. I
somehow wonder myself if it is not
the people who live on the shore of
the great rivers and who live in every
day sight of the great mountains, who
have the better understanding with the
silent mysteries of nature.
The pioneer, by his restless spirit,
was led ever westward over the vast
and unknown plains to settle at last
in the secluded valleys of Oregon. The
adventures of their lives have become
poetry of tody. but it is not evident
that the pioneers in their own selves
were poetic. But the people who have
taken their places and now in the mtv.
century look upon the selfsame scenes
where 50 years ago the pioneers strug
gled and endured, are really and truly
poetic by nature and by training. They
are largely a class of people who have
given up other walks of life to make
their home amid wonderful nnn.i..
and mystic rivers. They are Deonle or
professions who have answered tn h
call of freedom and beauty and gone
vc. .i.. l. anu soul to tne soli.
Some day some one of these .----.i- .
who love their Oregon so well will sing
its praises so grandly that the whole
wide world will hear.
This is a sonnet:
And it's rough and ready like the
hand that wrote it-
Wild and lonely like the nlsoe th..
But in that place it fits
As perfect as the blue in sky
When low winds sweep a cloudless
And snow in drifts bank high
And deep the forests mourn.
These high fancies are the mountains
iretching tpart, have on their crests
And winds about them sweep and lull
While shadowy lost below, mad
rivers from these fountains
Rush In darkness. And all in all
From yonder sag. the roar of distant
His Future Reputation
The man who advertises is not
asking your trade because of repu
tation alone but because of what
he is going to do.
He makes distinct promises of
desirable goods or good service.
There is Inspiration in this. He
must strive to do better all the
Advertising lifts a business. It
drives It ahead. It gives it new
Look over the advertising In The
Oregonian and you will note that
the advertisers represent the busi
nesses that are doing things-