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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 25, 1915)
"THE 3IOKNTXG OEEGOyW. MONDAY, OCTOBER i3, 1915.
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PORTLAND, MONDAY. OCTOBER 5, 191S.
THE CAMFA1GN IN SERBIA.
; The present campaign in Serbia Is
' a dramatic race between the Teutons
and the allies. The former are strlv
! ing to form a junction -with the Bul
garians in order to send artillery, am
munition and a relieving army to the
Turks. The allies are striving to carry
relief to the hard-pressed Serbians,
who are resisting tremendous odds on
" three sides of a square. Theii country
has been invaded from the north by
the Germans, from the west by the
Austrians and from the east by the
The Serbians have been driven back
almost foot by foot by the Germans,
C' who are advancing from Belgrade and
Semendria and up the Morava Valley
- In their drive to Nish, the temporary
.. Serbian capital. They have penetrated
' about 35 miles south of the Danube
and are approaching Chuprla, whence
a branch line leaves the Belgrade-
Saloniki railroad for Zaitchar, near the
j Bulgarian frontier. The Austrians have
crossed the River Drina, Serbia's west
j ern frontier, striking at Vallevo, the
i terminus of a branch railroad from
J Belgrade, where they met disastrous
t defeat last December; and at Ushitza,
f the terminus of another line, which
runs from the main railroad up the
; west fork of the Morava.
f The Bulgarian attack seems to have
: teen made" at intervals along Serbia's
; entire eastern frontier. The Bulgars
j claim to have occupied Negotin in the
j north, Just west of the border, and
twenty miles of the Timor Valley, just
, inside Serbia, farther south. Zaitchar
! is In that valley and, if the Bulgars
, have taken it, they have the terminus
i of the railroad leading to Chupria,
where they have the first opportunity
of effecting a junction with the Ger
V. mans, and of another line to Nish.
They also report the capture of Pirot
on the main line from Nish to Sofia
and Constantinople, of Vranja and
Kuprulu or Veles, both on the main
line from Nish to Salonica.
If reports be true that the allied
troops which landed at Salonica have
effected a Junction with the Serbs on
the Greek frontier, the first task they
attempt will probably be to drive back
the Bulgars who have crossed the
frontier in the south, to recover and
repair the railroad where it has been
cut and to leave a strong force- to pro
tect their right flank. As they ad
vance up the railroad, they or the
Serbs will need to throw out similar
forces for the same purpose. If they
should have sufficient force, they
could,- on reaching TJskub, detach an
, army eastward to seize Derc Bair, the
- frontier terminus of a railroad which
runs through Kustendil to Sofia. By
- threatening the Bulgarian capital from
this point, they might divert the at
tention of the Bulgars from the Serbs
to the defense of their own territory.
If Serbia Is to be saved, a powerful
army with abundant artillery must
hasten northward. Reports agree that
the Serbs are . fighting to the death
and that even the women are in the
firing line. As Serbs are made sol
diers from their boyhood, and as sex
gains no clemency for women under
arms, the entire adult population,
male and female, must either retire
tvlth the army or be slain or captured.
The Russians are exerting them
selves to aid Serbia indirectly by press
ing the attack on the eastern front,
where the Germans have weakened
their line to -send an army to Serbia.
The blocking of Von Hindenburg's at
tack on Dvinsk and the Russian suc
cesses in the center and in Galicia are
probably due to this cause. Russia
also promises an attack on Bulgaria,
probably by landing an' army on the
Black Sea coast. Italy is giving indi
rect help by attacking more vigorously
both in Trent and on the Isonzo River,
and may be sending troops to helD
Serbia directly. Germany, on the other
nand is keeping the French "and Brit
ish well occupied with repeated as
saults in the west, doubtless in hoDe
of preventing detachment of troops to
The allies have more at stake in the
Serbian campaign than relief of the
&eros and exclusion of supplies from
Turkey. There can be little doubt
that the continued neutrality of Greece
and Roumania is due to the impres
sion of invincibility created by Ger
man victories over Russia and bv Ger.
man tenacity In the west; also to the
impression of allied incompetence ere.
ated by the failure to capture the
Dardanelles. These two small nations
ao not wish to risk their existenr-a hr
backing a loser; they wish the allins
- to "make good" by showing some vic
tories before actively taking the side
, where their sympathies doubtless lie.
Not even the offer of Cyprus could
.move Greece from this position; in
. fact, it probably confirmed that cntm-
i try's determination not to move, for
the Greeks would reason that,' the
i more tempting the bribe offered, the
; iwrr is ins allies' need of help and
hence the safer is a neutral attitude.
, But let the allies once stop the Teuton
aavance and let Russia once deeirieriiv
turn the tide of battle In r,n0
i Courland, and the two neutral states
. may yield to persuasion.
t Seeing Bulgaria invaded from east
. InH n'.ot X i , . .. ..
iivuuieuia tingni attack her
( irom me north and Greece might send
: in her armies from the south and
west Roumania might also invade
nungary rrom the east and force the
Teutons to extend their line south-
rwara. .Bulgaria might then reneat tv,
t bitter experience of the second Balkan
r war, ana the allied armies of the Bal
kan states might join the western
powers in a combined attack on Tur
- key. both from the Gallipoli Penin
sula and the TchataIJa lines. Cut off
permanently from her Teuton allies
Turkey might then find her fate
sealed, and the allies would be free to
close In on the central empires.
The Serbian campaign ma$ thus
prove to be the turning point of the
war. The allies probably recognize
this as clearly as the Teutons.
HOLD MEXICO RESPONSIBLE.
Having a recognized Mexican gov
ernment to deal with. President Wil
son should not hesitate to Insist upon
Its co-operation in stopping Mexican
raids into Texas. If Carranza cannot
prevent the raiders from organizing
in Mexico to cross the Rio Grande, the
least he can do is to give American
troops freedom to cross the boundary
and to run down the bandits in his
The President has shown' his good
faith by putting an embargo on ex
ports of war material to Carranza's
enemies and by permitting Carranza's
troops to cross American territory.
Since he thus facilitates the first
chief's operations against Villa, reci
procity requires that the Mexican ex
ecutive facilitate our operations
against his outlaw citizens.
It is unjust to the state of Texas
as well as humiliating to the American
Nation that that state should be ex
pected to endure the disorder that
prevails on Its border. Since our in
ternational relations are concerned,
the Federal Government 'alone should
deal with the raiders. Mexic- being
unable to compel its citizens to re
spect the frontier, its rulers sheSuld
not expect the United States to do so
when the line is used to make Mexico
a sanctuary for bandits who have
committed crimes on American soil.
The time for patience with Mexico
has gone by. The existence of a gov
ernment in that republic having at
last been recognized, that government
should assume its responsibilities to
their full extent.
TO REST OR NOT TO REST.
The Oregonlan will await with con
siderable Interest receipt of the pro
posed weekly restday bill, an advance
copy of which Mr. Tufts so kindly
promises. This interest is whetted
just a little by reason of the fact that
we are unable to gain a 'definite idea
of its import, except in one particular,
from Mr. Tufts' letter. Those who
think they may be more fortunate in
their understanding will find the com
munication in another column.
Mr. Tufts assures us that "all the
proponents of the new law have in
mind Js to apply the present custom
of the daily newspaper to all lines of
The indirect compliment is duly ap
preciated, but the distinction between
newspaper custom and that of some
of the more important continuous in
dustries is possibly hot important as
a vote-getter for a weekly day of rest.
The newspaper reporter, for example,
is not expected to work more than
six days a week. Occasionally, in event
of emergency, he is asked to work the
seventh, and in that event is paid
The streetcar conductor, as a con
trasting example, ordinarily electa for
himself whether he shall work seven
days or six. He is paid by the hour,
and there are competent "extras"
waiting to take the places of men who
lay off. Usually, however, the con
ductor prefers to work seven days, as
that means a bigger pay check. A
similar condition to that existing in
streetcar employment exists in numer
ous lesser continuous industries.
To apply the newspaper custom
generally would be to deprive the em
ploye of his option. It is doubtful if
he is willing to surrender it. How
ever, there may be Just now many
substitutes and extras irregularly em
ployed who would welcome the prom
ise of more work contained in the
These matters are interesting as
indicating the delicacy of the economic
problem Mr. Tufts and his co-workers
are courageously attacking. It will
be wonderful, indeed, if they can de
vise a bill which will have the indorse
ment of nine-tenths of the business
men and employes. Still we hope they
can. We should like to support such
a measure. But certainly it will not
have those delightful attributes if it
is no more than an attempt to compel
everyDoay to spend Sunday In spiritual
DEFEND OCR NEW INDUSTRIES.
Dr. Pratt's statement of the dangers
to which our nascent coal-tar dye in
dustry will be exposed when peace
reopens the way for German competi
tors to the American market is the
more important because what he says
of that industry will surely prove true
of all other Industries. Dyestuffs are
only one of many commodities which
we have been driven to produce at
home by the stoppage of the foreign
supply. Our production of many other
commodities has been vastly Increased,
especially cotton, woolen and silk tex
tiles, laces, tools and machinery, shoes
and other leather goods.
The same means which Germany
has used to hold and will use again
to regain the world's dyestuff market
will surely be used by other nations
as well as Germany to regain the mar
kets for these other commodities. The
war now in progress will be followed
by a war of commerce, in which prac
tically all of Europe will be combined
against the United States. This coun
try must prepare for commercial de
fense as completely as it intends to
prepare for armed defense.
Legislation against unfair foreign
competition will be good as far as it
goes, but it will not go far enough.
Other nations have made their tar
iffs an efficient weapon in preventing
their young industries from being
killed off, and we should fight them
with their own weapons. Germany and
France have means of adjusting their
tariffs promptly to meet sudden at
tack on their industries by unfair com
petition. The United States should
have like means. The work of tariff
revision should be continuous, but only
slight at any one time, in order to
effect this adjustment; it should not
be spasmodic and general, as it has
been hitherto. Collection of informa
tion and making of recommendations
necessary to the guidance of Congress
In doing this work are functions dis
tinct frcm those of the Federal Trade
Commission; they should not be side
issues to the main task of that com
mission, which is to war upon and pre
vent domestic monopoly and to combat
foreign monopoly when It attacks our
Themost forcible argument against
use of the tariff as a means to combat
foreign competition with nev indus
tries is that It would develop a new
crop of "Infant industries," which
would attain giant size and dominate
the Government. A tariff commission
such as has been frequently proposed
would guard us against these evil con
sequences. By constantly watching the
progress of these industries, it would
learn when they had become strong
enough to stand alone and to fight
their own battles with foreign com
petitors without further governmental
aid than that which the Federal Trade
Commision can give. It would report
to Congress when duties imposed for
protective purposes were no longer
necessary, and active public opinion
would press Congress to revise the
tariff accordingly. A tariff commission
Is the best means of preventing the
continuance of protection after the
reasons which Justified have ceased to
CHEERING OF LUMBERMEN.
News of a car shortage is an evi
dence of prosperity which no man
can question, evidence which is cor
roborated by the fact that railroad
gross earnings in September showed
a gain of 2 per cent. It explains the
placing of heavy orders for material
by railroads for delivery in 1916 and
Justifies the belief that liberal buying
of cars is beginning or will soon begin.
Buying of material by railroads is
good news to the lumber industry.
Track Improvements will require ties.
also bridge material wherever steel
bridges have not supplanted trestles.
Terminal Improvements will require
lumber for construction. New roads
and branches will demand large quan
tities of all -these classes of material.
The great demand for steel from mu
nition plants and from foreign rail
roads and the consequent higher prices
may check the tendency to build steel
freight cars and may tempt railroads
to build of wood. They may be the
more inclined that way because lum
ber Is cheap and can be delivered
promptly. Another encouraging fact
to lumbermen is an Increase of 36.8
per cent in value of building permits
in seventy-nine principal cities during
All of these features of prosperity
and the inferences which are drawn
from them go to show that prosperity
cannot long prevail in the country at
large without spreading into its every
corner. Its beginnings are already
perceptible in the Pacific Northwest,
and no long time can elapse before it
reaches our premier industry and puts
the prophet of evil to flight.
SAFETY FIRST FOR THE NATION. -
A very narrow, parochial view of
the subject of National defense Is
taken by the Grays Harbor Washlng-
tonlan when it says:
Portland la quite a belligerent city, ready
to arm and take the field at anv time, but
once let Portland be assured that the money
ik eAyct;u ior tne improvement or the Co
lumbia River and Um bar, is to be expended
in the construction of a battleship to grace
the harbor of New York and the people may
moderate their warlike transports.
Aberdeen Is as Quick on the trigger of
war as the next town, but when it Is brought
home to our neighbors that the $200,000
wanted for a public building, cannot be ap
propriated because the monev 1 tn h MMnt
for a dozen Ford submarines, a different
face will be put on the matter.
It was Senator Burton, we think, who
said that ixty-six cents out of every dollar
collected by the Government went to the
Army ana xsavy, pensions and other mat
ters connected with defense and war.
The first duty of the Government
is to defend the country . against
enemies, within or without. Not until
this duty is provided for Jias it any
right to expend money on rivers, har-
Dors ana public buildings. Unless the
Nation is first made secure against
invasion from without or disorder
within, any internal improvements of
the kind described may redound only
to the benefit of the public enemy and
thus the expenditure on them would
be worse than wasted. But there is no
necessity to suspend internal improve
ments In order to devote funds to Na
tional defense. The United States is
amply able to perform one duty with
out neglecting the other.
WHAT MIGHT HAPPEN.
The largest producer of armament
and fine steel .in the United States is
the Bethlehem Steel Works, which
surpasses Krupp's in volume of out
put. It makes great guns and ar
mor plate. Subsidiary to. it is the
Fore River Shipbuilding Corporation
of Qulncy, Mass., which can turn out
three battleships and- one hundred
submarines a year. Quincy is on the
Atlantic Coast and Bethlehem is less
than fifty miles west of the entrance
to New York harbor.
With our present Army and Navy
we should be unable to prevent the
capture of Quincy by the navy of
either of at least two European na
tions, nor could we prevent the land
ing of an army which would be able
to capture not only Bethlehem, but
three-fourths of our arms and am
munition factories, which are concen
trated in New England, New York,
Pennsylvania and Delaware. This
oauld be done before Mr. Bryan's
famed 1,000,000 men could assume the
outward semblance of an army. Our
boasted military resources would then
be turned against us and used in sub
duing the rest of the country.
This is what has happened to Bel
gium. The great steel works and
arms factories of Liege are now turn
ing out arms for Germany to use
In war on Belgium's allies. The coal
of Belgium and northeastern France
is used to""run German locomotives in
carrying troops to the front. The steel
of France is a weapon In the hands
of Germany. The coal of Poland sends
trains to the front carrying troops
to fight Russia.
The military resources of Belgium,
France and Russia were Jargely de
veloped, but because they were not
fully so, they have been captured and
turned against those countries. The
military resources of the United States
are almost entirely latent. Hence our
material military resources, without
which human military resources are
powerless in modern war. Would
quickly fall into the hands of an in
vader and we should be in Belgium's
plight beaten down with a gun
snatched from our own hands.
AFFRONT TO HONEST JOURNALISM.
An article by Senator LaFoIlette in
his magazine entitled "An Affront to
Honest Journalism" is itself just such
an affront. It opens with this sen
tence: The same power which organised the
press of the country to force from the
interstate Commerce Commission a decision
favorable to the railroads in the one hun
dred million-dollar advance rate case. Is
behind the Nation-wide newspaper raid on
the seamen's law.
The Senator refers further to the
newspapers which have denounced the
seamen's law as "the controlled press"
and "the corporation press," to the op
position to that law as ' combination
of ignorance and dishonesty," and to
"the effort to repeal" that law as "a
shame and a reproach to the American
. Mr. LaFollette's article is itself an
affront to honest journalism, because
it shamefully misrepresents the posi
tion of those newspapers which criti
cise the seamen's law. He refers to
the effort to "repeal" the seamen's
law-. There is no such effort. The
only effort is to repeal certain provi
sions of the law which confer no real
benefit the seamen and which, contri
bute nothing to safety at sea. but do
deadly injury to the American mer
The Senator devotes the greater part
of his article to a defense of the aboli
tion of imprisonment for desertion, of
the regulation of seamen's working
hours, food and quarters and of the
provisions for safety at sea. Neither
the ship owners nor the newspaper
critics of the law ask for repeal of
the sections of the law covering these
points. The Oregonian has for years
condemned Imprisonment for deser
tion and has approved all those sec
tions of the law which better the sea
men's condition and which make sea
The attack" is directed at a few
points of the law which do not serve
either of these ends, but do great harm
to our merchant marine:
The seaman is not benefited by the
provision that he may draw half his
earned pay when the ship is in port
after being out for five days; that is
a premium on desertion.
He is not benefited by the section
requiring that 75 per cent of the crew
must understand orders given by the
officers; he is deprived of his job,
which the law automatically hands
over to Orientals.
By permitting any "reputable citi
zen" to delay sailing of a ship while
the Collector of Customs inquires into
alleged violations of laws, which it is
his sworn duty to enforce, no good is
done to the seaman, but injury is done
to the ship owner, for facilities are
offered to "hold-up men."
' Abrogation of commercial treaties
in order to put the law In operation
would cause friction with and probably
retaliation by foreign nations; would
cause many ships to refuse to come
to our ports and would thereby in
jure all who produce commodities for
export, including farmers, manufac
turers and all whom they employ.
Application to foreign ships of the
provisions as to advances to seamen
is an attempt to dictate rules to other
The requirement that a certain per
centage of the deck crew be able sea
men Ignores the fact that there are not
enough such men to be found.
All serious criticism of the law
would be met if it were amended in
these particulars. The provisions
which improve the seaman's condition
and which insure safety to travelers
would still stand. Mr. LaFoIlette and
his associates in opposing amendment
lay .stress on the provisions which
ship owners do not ask -to have re
pealed or amended. They make little
or no attempt to defend those features
of the law at which criticism is lev
eled. The one shining success of the pres
ent Administration's domestic ' policy
has been the Federal reserve law. It
was the product of the work of the
Monetary. Commission, modified in
some respects by. Congress, but both
parties had a hand in perfecting it.
It is an example of the benefits of
co-operation between parties in solv
ing a National problem, wherein party
issues are not involved.
The baby carriaee In ihn hto-
frage parade In New York Saturday
gave it character. The 40,000 women
wno marched had the courage of their
convictions, but the weak sisters who
watched will accept the franchise
when the others have won it. That
"children cry for it" is realism of a
Chicken-raisers will nhauA' tv..,
Professor Dryden's ujility hybrids
miiicu lie cans uregons are well
toward thn 1 pn In th oo-o- ..
down below. These are the kind of
rowi tnoroughbred men derided a few
Wilson, held un bv n. traffic
must be careful in going" through
Frederick, a town famous for halting
great people. Once upon a time, says
a. legeno, a gray-naired old woman
stopped Stonewall Jackson and all the
The old conflict over offio h-
tween the sections nf Trlahn la twHn.
nlng to get warm, but everything and
everyooay win De whacked Into har
mony before nomination days.
To take the ramhline nrian. to on
Inherent -human trait. Ten thousand
people are after the 700 homsteada
in the latest Dakota reservation about
to be opened to settlement.
The man who was not afraid to buy
high-priced grain and feed it to his
fowls all Summer is now getting 60
cents for his eggs and will get more
as the year advances.
What a bad man he was who broke
his wifes leg with "a well-directed
kick," as the complaint alleges, two
weeks after marriage! No wonder
she wants a decree. t
There is ground for suspicion that
the Frederick traffic officer stopped
the President's auto in ortler to afford
his fellow citizens a good chance of
seeing Mrs. Gait.
In an alienation suit at Oregon City
tor xiu.uuu tne jury gave the man
J700. It is to be hoped this will not
be used as a precedent in fixing the
value or a wire.
With a German naval base off Haiti
and something doing all the time in
the Caribbean, a lot nf
news will be spread before daily
The wedding day may be pulled off
in ten days, for the bride-to-be has
ordered the milliners to hurry, and
woodrow is like Barkis.
People who twenty-five years ago
were proud of the exposition can go
to the Armory and see something bet
ter and be prouder.
If another family moves into school
district No. 125 of Lane County an
other teacher may be needed.
The Roosevelt family practices what
the Colonel preaches, as witness the
arrival of another grandson.
The Divine Sara is optimistic at the
age when most people figure on be
coming a memory.
Bad weather overhead, but you
need not go that way. Go to the
Losses in killed and wounded dur
ing October exceed " 1,000,000 men.
v ay ;
The skyline of a city has a dreary
look on. a rainy f all day.
Br tktraua Wllllsms.
She knew no creed of war
To her but one thing seemed worth
Daily she went her patient round.
Nor sought to know if her cool hand
Were laid on German brow, or French,
or Albion born.
Daily the warriors' eyes
Turned as she passed by
In her ministering
And glowed with reverent love.
As if the invisible balm of outstretched
Had touched their lids.
The Babel of warring tongues
Joined in one common prayer
That linked her name to heaven.
To those upturned, wan faces
She was Mercy.
Whom have ye crucified.
Ye Overlords that dare to set in Judg
ment! Was it He
On whose name ye are wont to call
In tbe high plaees?
God! Ye seem less than human.
Are ye not afraid?
Would ye drag Mercy from the hearts
of your people?
Would ye send them, like wehr-wolves.
To cave and forest?
Nay, ye shall notl
They shall stand among the people of
Purged from the taint of thy tyranny,
Purged with fire and blood
Not to destroy.
But to purify
To make clean.
So shall they stand among the people
of the earth.
But ye ye who dare to sit in Judg
ment Flee from the desolate hills
Flee from the ravished plain
Flee from the accusing sea.
ENCOURAGING PROMISES IS MADE
Proposed Sunday Law Will Please Nine
Tenths of Business Men and Workers.
PORTLAND. Or., Oct. 23. (To the
Editor.) In The Oregonian Saturday
an editorial article discusses the sub
ject of Sunday legislation. We highly
esteem the opinion of The Oregonian.
For this reason we will submit a copy
of our proposed bill for its considera
tion and criticism before going to print.
The editorial labors under the mis
take that we propose to force people to
rest on Sundays whether or no. That
may be said of the Sunday laws of
some of the states. But we assure our
highly respected editor that he may
spend every day of the year In his of
fice composing his masterful editorials
without violating the proposed law.
We may surprise you when we say that
it will not be as "blue" as the law now
upon the statutes.
Neither will it be the "Tufts plan."
Incorporating the ideas of one man.
But It will be the plan which has been
adopted by every civilized nation and
by every state' of this Union, with
scarcely an exception. It will be tbe
plan which nine-tenths of the business
men and workmen of the state desire.
It will be the plan which Is already tn
vogue among the bankers and news
papers of Oregon and of the Nation.
Without any detriment to the public
interests the banks keep closed on Sun
days, the common American rest dsy.
They also observe a Saturday half hol
iday. The same custom prevails
throughout Canada and Great Britain
by practically all the stores and shops.
The proposed law will require all the
places of business in Oregon which
cannot be justified on the ground of
public necessity to keep closed on Sun
day, and thus imitate the banks. The
object is not to protect the day by civil
statute as a sacred day, but to protect
business and laboring men and women
in their natural rights. The only way
to secure a day of rest for the pro
prietor of business is to close all In the
same line of business on the same day.
But there are many industries, like
the daily newspapers, which the pub
lic demands keep in constant operation.
But each employe of the great dailies
has one day off duty each week. If the
editor wants to work seven days of the
week, that will be his privilege under
the proposed law. But by so doing he
will shorten his life by ten years and
write poorer editorials. All that the
proponents of the new law have in
mind Is to apply the present custom of
the dally newspaper to all lines of con
Let it be distinctly' understood, once
for all, that we are not appealing to
the State to protect the day as a sacred
institution by a civil enactment, but to
protect man as a human being. By the
inexorable laws of nature every phys
ical and mental worker must rest one
day in seven. The teachings of medical
science so declare. We appeal for, pro
tection of the 26,000 seven-day toilers
of Oregon. G. L. TUFTS.
NO SALARY INCREASE JUSTIFIED
Pay of City Employes Now Greater
Than That of Workers in GeseraL
PORTLAND. Oct. 24. (To the Edi
tor.) "An Honest Workman." whose
letter In The Oregonian October 20
brings out the difficulty of keeping
up the taxes on one's home when there
is no money coming in to pay "taxes,
Is but one of many who are facing
the same problem at the present time.
I know a man who has paid the
taxes on his little home in this city
for the past 10 years, but during the
past two and a half years has had
only odd jobs with which to pay taxes
and living expenses as well. Like "An
Honest workman." he is elderly and
is turned down for younger men, many
of whom, like the messenger bovs
whose salaries have Just been raised
By the City Council, have no families
dependent on them for food and
City employes, inspectors and' the
like seem to have become a class apart
irom tne common people an aristo
cratic class to be supported by the
grinding ton and economy of the tax
payers. They must be supported, even
though the taxpayers are denied the
means of supporting themselves. It it
the old story over again of being re
quired to make bricks without straw.
And yet the City Commissioners go
on raising salaries. .
A man who, as Commissioner, will
vote to raise salaries at this crisis Is
not. worthy of the office. Give the
honest workman a fair chance. If In
these stringent times he cannot obtain
employment, let those whom he must
help support by the payment of taxes
be content with wiat salary thev have.
Salary raising in the past has put the
pay or most city employes far in ad
vance proportionally of the compensa
tion received by people In general at
this time. It would be more in keen
ing with the existing state of things
to tie lowering salaries than to be rais
ing them. But only one) lone cook has
received a reduction from 165 to ISO
per month. Hundreds of taxpayers are
not averaging even that.
This Is no Joke, gentlemen. Let your
attention be given to reducing tho city
payroll and cutting off every Item of
expense not absolutely indispensable, if
you would merit the confidence of your
fellow citizens, whose money you are
I notice we are still buying water
meters, in spite of the voice of the
people. If we could be assured that
the meters now on hand were not being
used contrary to the expressed wish
of the majority of the people, we might
admit the necessity for more being
purchased, out exactly the opposite
course in being pursued. Let the peo
ple rule and not an oligarchy, or a
monarchy. . A SUBSCRIBER.
CITY COMMISSION IS HELD DOWN
No Chance to Make Cood. Sara Writer
Who Offers Now Charter Plan.
PORTLAND. Oct. 24 (To the Ed
itor.) The tax levy of Multnomah
County for 1914 was almost $10,000,000,
for 115. 7.587,620.0. with reduced ren
tals, vacant buildings, high cost of liv
ing and general financial depression
possible. The taxpayer is demanding a
lower levy for the ensuing year.
As a matter of course, we all want
adequate police and lire protection,
clean streets, better schools and higher
wages for everybody. Why did not the
pipe dream of the framers of the com
mission form of government save us
the million dollars a year we were
The commission government as
framed and accepted by tho voters. 98
per cent of whom were ignorant of its
Intent, called for five high salaried of
ficials as department heads, and invited
inexperienced (160 to $200 per month)
men to aspire to tlfe places, men whose
personal popularity, political pull or
advertising ability wore their chief
iuuiuuhuuiis. it saddled upon them
the civil service rules and the political
machine of tbe city hall, fire depart
ment, police and street-cleaning de
partments of the old regime.
The men elected from the ruck of
aspirants are. I believe, intrinsically
honest and men of more than average
"it nanaicappea as they are.
what could result? When it comes to
cutting down expenses they are up a
Is it not possible for a committee
of non-partisan corporation experts to
formulate a business form of corpora
tion government that would be a suc
cess? Consolidate the city and county gov
ernments, make a clean sweep of all
boards and commissions, school, Port
of Portland everything with a pull or
possible source of graft; abolish civil
service rules; divide the county and
city Into wards or districts according
to voting population: select at the pri
maries representative public-spirited
men (say 60 or 100), and elect them
at the general election. These men
should not be elected for more than
two years and should not succeed
themselves in office; . these men or
women to be members of a corporate
body as directors having full power to
hire a manager who should be ham
pered by no rules interfering with
economy or efficiency.
The Pullman Car Company, capital
.,e,dfr 50-0".001. Pays a manager
37,000 per year. We are paying five
men 2,000. and we have hampered
and handicapped them with several
cumbersome political machines, and
bound them with civil service rulea
Civil service is an outgrowth of po
litical chicanery intended to preserve
the tenure of office regardless of econ
omy or efficiency. Is it good business
sense or logical to expect any improve
ment in lessening the burden of tax
ation? For myself, 1 will say that I am op
posed to a one-man form of govern
ment. It is not democratic or in keep
ing with our republican institutions.
If a coterie of capitalists should hire a
man like Colonel Uaethals as city man
ager he would be unpopular and could
not succeed. If a directorate elected
at the general election engaged him
or a man of similar ability as man
ager, employed and backed by non
partisan representatives, such a gov
ernment would be of the people, for
the people and by the people.
W. I. COTTEL.
WOMEN ONES WITH QUEER TASTES
loo Many Prefer Society of Male Fllrta
to That of Real Men.
SILVERTON. Or.. Oct. 23. (To the
Editor.) I cannot help but admire the
article of Mrs. Elenor w., who writes
concerning conventions and matri
mony. The truth of some of her as
sertions strikes us about the same way
as the old proverb. "Honesty is the
However, I wish to take Issue with
her concerning some of her statements.
That a man prefers a painted, fluffy
ruffle work of art is most certainly
not., as a general rule, true. It has
been my experience, though, that a
woman or girl too often prefers spend
ing her time talking to a lasy, good-for-nothing,
flirt and loafer in preference to an
honest, hard-working man. Although
I have not reached the age of 21, I
have at times felt a natural longing
for a home of my own, with flower
gardens, an auto and a Dlayer Diano.
I am not love-sick, neither is this a
proposal to anyone. I am merelv stat
ing facts for the benefit of a misguided
As a general rule I find that these
female animals called girls congregate
in bunches or packs and are ready to
devour or freeze any mere man who
may dare attempt to break the ice.
This cannot be laid to my personality.
either, as I am a fairly handsome six
footer, and not big-headed by any
For my part I believe this malady
of the mind called love is merelv a mat
ter of chance and accident. I may
come to Portland; I may see a girl; I
like her looks, .her actions; by and by
1 reel the desire for possession. I
can't get her; the more I try to forget
her the more I think of her. Someone
else gets next to her. I am selfishly
Jealous. I possibly wish her harm. Is
this love? No. I would not marry
girl I loved with my heart unless I
loved her with my head also.
I don't think, either, that a girl
should know everything. If she did
not know how to cook a steak 1 would
willingly show her how to the best of
my ability. I would also be willing
to talk to her on the subject of what
Mary wore to the party last night, but
I would not willingly criticise Mary's
gown to an unusual extent. I would
not want to be called a tool or crank
because I spoke my honest opinions,
nor an old fogy or simply impossible
because I stayed home from the dance
to study. '
Well. I guess this is all, for I have
already said enough to disgrace myself
forever. Come again, Mrs. Eleanor W.,
but don't criticise the men. We are
faultless as angels.
' AUSTIN PEARL LINSCOTT.
Tnrpentlne Distilleries In Oregon.
PORTLAND, Oct. 24. (To the Edi
tor.) Referring to the inquiry of "P.
B." and your reply thereto in the Ore
gonian, I beg to say you are in error
In your statement that there are no
turpentine distilleries in this part of
There are several small plants em
ploying two or three men in opera
tion in various parts of Oregon. There
is a plant of this character on the Mo
Kensie River, between Eugene and
Blue River. I have seen this plant
several times and was told that the
owners made a good profit on their
operations, which are confined to the
Summer season, when the pitch flows
I believe this industry could be de
veloped in Oregon and Washington.
S. R. VINCENT.
More of tbe Same, Pleaste.
PORTLAND, Oct. 24. (To the Edi
tor.) We as taxpayers are thankful
for reductions thus -far made by our city
officials, but surely they cannot own
any property for rent. If they do. sure
ly they know what the property owner
is up against.
For fear they might forget I will call
their attention to Items where a large
saving may be made: Cut out all new
buildings, also about two-thirds of the
bridge and boulevard lights; also auto
mobiles of every description. The only
officials who really require automobiles
are the Chief of Fire Department and
ppofeably two or three of his assistants.
Half a "Century Ago
From The Oreronlan of October 25. 18S5.
Providence. R. I.. Oct. 20. Rev. Dr.
Nathan D. Crocker, for more than 60
years rector of St. Johns Church in
this city, died last evening, aged 84
Detroit. Oct. 19. The Michigan Cen
tral Railroad's freight depot, contain
ing a largo amount of freight, was
entirely destroyed by fire last night.
The loss is estimated at tl.000.000,
Raleigh, N. C, Oct. IS. The state
convention adjourned last Wednesday
to meet again on the fourth Monday
in May. An ordinance was passed pi e
ventlng any future Legislature assum
ing or paying any debt created directly
or Indirectly for the prosecution of the
New Tork. Oct. 31. At the Repub
lican ratification meeting last night at
Cooper Institute, great enthusiasm was
manifested. The President's policy in
regard to reconstruction was fully in
dorsed. The Portland soap works are adver
tising for tallow and will pay the
highest market price. We learn that
shipments of tallow are being made for
the California market a, less nrlces
than can be obtained at home. Holders
should look into this matter.
Mrs. Moore, the widow of the lata
Thomas Moore, died at Sloperton Cot
tage on Monday, September 4, at tho
age of 68 years.
The question of cltv licenses, latelv
attracting attention in the Recorder's
Court, has given rise to considerablo
feeling on the part of those not taking
tho necessary papers until invited by
tne court to do so. Licenses for the
present quarter are now nearly all tn.
Twenty-five Years Ago
From the Oregonian of Oct. 25, 184.
Washington, Oct. 24. The Pension
Bureau today made a requisition upon
the Treasury Department for 125.000.
000 to meet the payment of pensions
under the act of June 27, 1890, as well
as those under the old law, for tho
next two months.
Warsaw. Oct- 24. A party of S00
Poles who are attempting to reach
Prussian territory in order to emigrate
to Brazil, were halted today by Rus
sian frontier guards and ordered to
return. They refused to obev the or
der and the guards fired upon the party.
uming six men, two women and a
child, and wounding a number of
Montreal, Oct. 24. The Count of
Paris and party arrived hero totvlcrhr.
They met with a cordial reception-
It Is thought that Hunt has been
successful in placing his bonds and
that Jim Hill has hel ied him out. The
conferences of T. B. Wilcox with Hunt
In New York and Portland, and tho
subsequent trip of Hunt to St. Paul
to confer with Hill, are thought to
have settled the matter. Hunt may
be expected here in a few days.
The new bank soon to bo opened in
Kamra's block temporarily. It is said,
is to be known as the United States
Bank. Another bank is also to be
opened shortly by tho Union Banking
Company. It will bo located either in
the Hibernian building or in the Mar
qua m block.
The office of the Great Northern is
happy over having captured the first
baby prises at the exposition. A de
mand for an increase in salary will,
accordingly, be made in consideration
of having brought the Great Northern
so prominently to the front.
. Mayor DeLashmutt will be homo
about November 1.
- Manager Rich.'-d Koehler. of the
Southern Pacific Company, leaves to
day for San Francisco to confer with
President C. P. Huntington.
Rl'ILDF.R OF LANDMARK UNKNOWN
But I -of Whltcomb Probably Erected
Old Mllwankle Bonding.
PORTLAND, Oct, 24. (To the Edi
tor.) The news Item in The Oregonian
of yesterday under the head in it. "Old
Landmark Is Razed Milwaukie His
toric Building, 65 Tears Old. Comes
Down." states that the building was
erected by "Bishop Morris in 1850." This
could not be true, because Bishop Mor
ris did not come to Oregon until 1869;
and it could not have been built by his
predecessor, Rt. Rev. Thomas Fielding
Scott, D. D., because he did not come
to Oregon until April 22. 1854. As a
matter of fact, it is not positively
known who built this house, but from
information given me many years ago
by the late Captain Joseph Kellogg, a
pioneer of 1848, who located that Fall
at Milwaukie. it la believed that it was
built early in 1850 by Lot Whitcomb.
the founder of Milwaukie, who settled
there late In 1847, for a hotel.
The first lessee known was W. R. B.
Cotton, and it was called the Milwau
kie Hotel. His advertisement appears
in Vol. 1, No. 1, of the Western Star,
issued at Milwaukie on November 21,
1850. This printing office occupied two
rooms of the hotel. Lot Whltcomb was
the owner of the paper. John Orvis
Waterman was the editor and William
Davis Carter the printer. These men
bought the paper from Whitcomb in
March. 1851, and removed it to Portland
the first week in June. On Juno 5,
1851, it was issued as the Oregon
The building was used as a hotel
most of the time until September 9,
1861, when it was opened as a boarding
school for glrla under the supervision
of Bishop Scott, of tbe Protestant Epis
copal Church, and called Spencer Hall.
The principal of the school was Miss
Foster, who afterwards became the
wife of Captain George H. Flanders,
and is a resident of this city at the
It is impossible for General U. S.
Grant to have stopped at this hotel in
1868. as he was not on this Coast that,
year. As a Lieutenant and Assistant
Quartermaster of the Fourth U. S. In
fantry he was stationed at Fort 'Van
couver during a portion of the years
of 1S52-5S, and sometime during that
period it Is possible that he might have
stayed over night at the Milwaukie
Hotel, although there is no evidence of
it in existence. After General Grant left
the Pacific Coast, early in 1854, he did
not return until after his two terms as
President of the United States expired
in March, 1877.
GEORGE H. HIMES.
Smartest Boy on Earth.
"So you honestly think you have the
smartest boy on earth?"
"Maybe he isn't yet; but he will be
If he keeps on making me answer all
the questions he can think up."
Many of the requisites of beauty
a fair skin, a good complexion, a
correct carriage, are things to be
They come from correct living,
from proper hygiene and care.
They mean the right materials
on the toilet table as well as care
at the dining table.
Specialties of merit, that are
helpful and not harmful, are ad
vertised from time to time.
The thoughtful woman will want
the assistance in choosing that Is
rendered by the advertising col
ums of The Oregonian.