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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 9, 1915)
THE MORNING OREGOXIAX, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 9, 19J5.
PORT LAM), OBEQON.
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-1 f f r m rn t of the ownership, management,
circulation, etc., of Morninf Oregonian.,
published daily, except buuday, at Port
land, Oregon, required by the act of
August 24. 1912:
Publisher. H. L,. Plttock, Portland, Or.
Editor. Edgar B. Piper. Portland. Or. Busi
ness manager, C. A. Morden. Portland. Or.
Owner, Oregonian Publishing Company.
Incorporated. Names and addresses of stock
holders holding 1 per cent or more of total
amount of stock: H. L. Pittock, Portland,
Or.: Margaret N. Scott. Portland. Or.
Known bondholders, mortgagees and other
security holders, holding 1 per cent or more
of total amount of bonds, mortgages or
other securities. None.
Average number of copies of each Issue
of this publication sold or distributed through
the mails or otherwise, to paid subscribers
during the six months preceding the date of
this statement, 55,431.
H. L.. PITTOCK. Publisher.
Sworn to and subscribed before me this
let day of October, 19lr.
(Seal) W. E. HARTMTJS,
(My commission expires May 25. 1919.)
PORTLAND, SATURDAY, OCT. 9, 1915.
"TV IT AT MAX HAS DONE "
The proposition made by Mr.
Robert E. Strahorn for an Oregon
controlled railroad system In Central
Oregon, it will be observed, is not
presented with the glowing promises
of quick dividends to investors that
accompany the ordinary promotion
scheme. Mr. Strahorn's letter to the
Portland business men who urged him
to undertake the railway development
of the interior is couched in conser
vative language. It presents the dif
ficulties that face such a project and
his chief promise, as we read it, is
not of immediate or even early direct
profits from railroad operation, but
one of larger prosperity to accrue to
established business and Industry
through the development that can be
made possible only by railroad con
struction. At the present moment there is, as
Mr. Strahorn points out, a' sort of
deadlock between Interior Oregon and
the railroads. Much of the country
is untried. Its developed sections are
isolated from each other by stretches
of near-waste or semi-arid land or
by tracts whose dry land productivity
remains to be proved. Because of a
variety of reasons the existing rail
roads . are not now in position to
pioneer in such a country. The re
turns on such an investment must be
prospective. They ask for better de
velopment before they spend their
money. On the other hand there Is
no inducement to develop the coun
try, except prospective. In brief,
neither -side will or can undertake to
face the waiting period during which
outgo must exceed income.
There are reasons advanced by Mr.
Strahorn why Oregon enterprise can
best undertake the railroad construc
tion needed to develop the interior.
They are set forth plainly and they
are logical and conclusive. And when
the situation is analyzed, it becomes
quite clear that the problem of
finance that must be faced is by no
means so'great nor so complicated as
problems Oregon citizens in times gone
by have faced and solved to promote
Both the main line of the O.-W. R.
&. X. Company and the Shasta Route
In Oregon of the Southern Pacific
have grown out of purely Oregon en
terprise. The early history of the
former is one of large profits to the
original investors: that of the latter
one Of failure from a financial stand
point. But the true measurement of
both, in comparing them with the Stra
horn project, is what they have done for
the development of Oregon. The
Oregon Steam Navigation Company,
which finally became the O.-W. R. &
N. Company, was established in 1860
by comparatively poor men. In the
period from 1S67 to 1879, inclusive, it
paid in dividends $2,702,500 and spent
12,000,000 from the earnings for
steamers and railroads. In 1879 the
property was turned over to the O.
R. & X. Company for $5,000,000.
The history that preceded the
ownership of the Southern Pacific
in the Willamette Valley lines is one
of set-backs, waits for legislation,
litigation over land grants and bicker
ing of rival companies. Ben Holla
day finally acquired both the East
sido and West side projects in 1869.
He: spent about $6, 000, 000 extending
the two lines, one of which reached
Roseburg under his management and
the other St. Jo on the Yamhill River.
To obtain the '$6,000,000 he found it
necessary to issue about twice that
sum in bonds and both roads were
aided by private subscriptions and
Holladay was finally unable to meet
interest charges and the bondholders
took possession. Henry Villard was
sent out to Oregon and superseded
Holladay. He extended the roads to
t'orvallis and Ashland, organized a
company with large capital and
bought out the Oregon Steam Naviga
tion Company, and then formed the
bold and memorable plan of getting
control of the Northern Pacific and
connecting it with Portland and Puget
The Portland men who initiated
the two railroad enterprises that have
since developed into main lines had
far smaller resources at their cor,
mand than have those who will be
iisked to aid the new pioneering en
terprise in Central Oregon. The ter
ritory through which they projected
their rail routes ws probably as
sparsely settled and as unproved as
Central Oregon Is today. The dif
ficulties of construction were far
Kreater. As to Central Oregon the
main obstacles to construction have
been overcome. The costly but
most feasible route for gaining the
high plateau of interior Oregon is
now oe-upied by two standard rail
ways. Up the Deschutes River they
have built.- overcoming tremendous
obstacles and have finally reached the
prevailing altitude of 4500 to 5000
feet of the great plains that consti
tute Central Oregon.
Between Bend and Lakeview, or
Klamath Falls, or the Harney Valley,
there are no serious difficulties con
fronting railway construction. Many
miles of steel win traverse a flat
sage-brush plain. Whereas the Har
rlman and North Bank roads have
expended $22,000,000 to reach Bend,
it is estimated that $6,000,000 will
provide a connecting system embrac
ing 400 miles of railroad.
When it is recalled what Portland
citizens a half century ago set out to
do, it does not seem by comparison
that a great amount of courage should
be required to put the Central Ore
gon, project on its feet.
THANKING HTM FOB HIS KICKS.
Carranza has insolently and con
sistently refused to recognize the
United States: therefore the United
States will insist upon recognizing
him. To a result so humiliating and
pitiful has come the Mexican policy
of President Wilson.
It is the latest, but not the final,
development of watchful 'waiting. For
if Carranza, boastful, unscrupulous,
garrulous and cowardly, shall set up a
Carranza government at Mexico City,
it cannot last, 'for Carranza has little
ability and small prestige, and he will
speedily pass on to join Diaz, Huerta
and Madero, unless there shall be
something more than moral support
from the United States. There will
not be, of course,, so long as President
Wilson continues under the hypnotic
spell of his own power to make fine
phrases as substitute for effective
Mexico is our Belgium, and we let
its people suffer and starve, while we
talk glibly about their right of self-
Mexico is our Armenia, and we per
mit its outlaw chiefs to pillage, rob,
devastate, murder, and. ravish, while
we rage at the Turks for their atroci
ties against a subject Christian race.
But we do nothing for Mexico, though'
we fill our ships and send them to
Belgium, and recruit our missionaries
and dispatch them to Armenia.
THE WORLD LOVES A LOTER.
The Oregonlan ventures to suggest,
most mildly and with all good feel
ing, to the several women who have
written somewhat acerbic letters of
protest against the engagement and
approaching marriage of President
Wilson that nothing can be accom
plished by their publication nothing
at all. A wedding, including the nre-
nuptlal period, is an occasion of iov.
and not of anger or reproach, and we
are loath, to contribute even a small
disturbance, however remote from the
scene, to the festivities.
It really would seem that the Pres
ident ought to be permitted to enjoy
the full measure of felicity appropri
ate to such an occasion. He is only
69 years old, just a time when some
men feel the need of romantic ex
periences and are prepared most to
appreciate them. The habit has
grown somehow upon the American
people of regarding the President as
an intellectual machine without sen
timent, or emotion, or human weak
ness of any kind. But he' has proved
Pervaps that Is what he set out to
do. in such pleasing fashion. A
comely , woman of suitable age
only twenty-one years younger than
he is comes into his lonely life,
quite a number of months after the
death of the late Mrs. Wilson, and he
succumbs to the tenderest and finest
of mortal passions. It is all quite
natural and wonderful. There were
no special domestic restraints upon
giving his inclinations their appro
priate bent, for two of his daughters
were well married, one to a member
of his own Cabinet, a desirable wid
ower, with six children, and the third
Is a close friend of his fiancee. Besides,
the people of the Nation would sure
ly be pleased to see filled, by a bright
and capable woman, the vacant place
of mistress of the White House.
So, in imagination,' the whole Na
tion will accompany the President
and his lovely bride-to-be to New
York to buy the engagement ring and
to enjoy the house party of Mr. Wil
son's friend, Colonel House. It is a
time for flowers and happiness and
sentiment and good feeling and con
gratulations and feasting. There
snouid be a celebration a round of
them- from now on to the wedding
day. There will be, no doubt. The
world is said to love a lover, and we
guess this will be no exception.
. COUNTING THE GERMAN ARMY.
An ingenious correspondent equipped
with a pencil, pad and a late copy of
the Berliner Tageblatt, has undertaken
to count the whole German army.
While the result cannot be more than
approximate, it reveals with some de
gree of assurance wh.it a mio-Vitv fnpn
the Kaiser has in the field. The Tage
blatt, In common with other German
publications, has suspended publica
tion of rasimltv liars: TV v
Imperial order or because of insuffi
cient space witnout resorting to entire
extra editions, the public is not per
mitted to know. ThA mr.fir infnrma.
tion now given out is the number of
casualties ln each regiment. If the
Twenty-first Infantry of the first line
loses 500 men. that fact Is nntert with.
out elaboration or detail. If the Sev
enth Ersatz Reserves or the Tenth
Landwehr or the SBventv-fmirfh un
serves sustain a loss or lonn man th.
only published facts consist of a seg
regation oi me aeaa ana wounded by
In accounts of firsr-lln iaenaii;..
the Three Hundred and , Sixty-ninth
ttegiraeni is rererred to as the Two
Hundred and SAvntv-T"ii- nAI)An
and the Ninety-ninth Landwehr. Foot
ing up all infantry of these branches
togetner wren tne infantry of the Prus
sian Guard, the Ersatz, tanilw.hr
Landwehr Reserves Ianflstn -mH
Landstrum Reserves, a total of 930
regiments is achieved. The Tageblatt
likewise reveals seventy-seven regi
ments of cavalry. 294 ririmnto
field artillery and ninety-eight regi
ments of heavy artillery. Multiplying
these by the prescribed far strength
footings of 3000 for a regiment of in
fantry, lo00 for the heavy artillery,
1000 for field artillprv nni ann f.
cavalry regiments, a total is reached
of 3,225.000. To this must be added
pioneers, sanitary troops, signal corps,
trainmen and other auxiliary branches
of the service, which can be reckoned
at fully 10 per cent of the total com-
While too much reliance may not
be placed in these figures, they are
given color by the fact that German
regiments are numbered from those
actually in the field. Furthermore, we
do not know if the full quota of re
serves has been sent forward to fill
up the gaps caused by the heavy fight
ing east and west the past few
months. It is the German practice to
recruit depleted regiments from the
rear rather than replace them with
new regiments as we Americans used
to do, but it may be that scores or
commands are far short of their pre
scribed strength at this wriUnf;. How
ever, the Gpr-mnn annnlv
ingly is adequate, and if the regiments
are not filled it can be depended upon
that the shortages will be made up
promptly. Prussian military system
and efficiency have made full provi
sion for that and only an actual short
age of men through ultimate losses
can break the system.
There is the likelihood, too, the
force far exceeds that which the Tage
blatt gives clew to. There is no way
of knowing that the Three Hundred
and Sixty-ninth Infantry bears the
highest numeral in the German serv
ice. There may be a Five Hundredth
German infantry regiment which did
not happen to be engaged" In combat
when the casualties reported by the
Tageblatt were recorded. But aside
from the number of men in the field
there has been more or less evidence
recently that Germany has plenty of
use for some such force.
- WHEAT AND THE BIO IOAN.
News of a billion-bushel wheat crop
and of record harvests of oats, barley,
rye. sweet potatoes, rice, tobacco and
hay, comes at the same time as news
that financial facilities for marketing
the surplus of these crops have been
provided. That is the real effect of
the Anglo-French loan. The low rate
of sterling exchange had influenced
prices in such a mannAi- aa tn nhotTn rt
exports and to check shipments of
wheat abroad. Th nhstain i re
moved lust, whan to. r, -- SBa.M
a surplus 'of 400,000,000 bushels of
wneat ror export.
Europe's delav In bmrtno- Vo.
been prompted In some degree by ex-
imuuiuon mat tne allies would soon
force the Dardanelles and release the
Russian surplus wheat for sale in com
petition with that of North America
ana Argentina. The campaign in that
quarter has rlras-ori
suit, and the new developments in the
Balkan peninsula strengthen doubt
wnetner tne Dandanelles will be
opened for many months to come, if
ever, until Turkey cnnaanis t, situa
tion and the prospects in that part of
the world favor a good price for Amer
ican wneat, which will put money in
Exports of corn and nata Viot- rrnr.
enormously during the last year, and
we are assured of a trrcat nmh v,
oat crop exceeding tho record cro'p of
1912 by nearly 100.000,000 bushels.
Adding the export surplus of these
and other cereals to that of wheat,
we may rind that grain alone will use
up tne enure $500,000,000 of credit
which the allies havn tirnmi t,t.
THE OT7IXOOK FOR 1TJMBER.
The tide has turner! In favnr r.r
lumber-industry. The first signs are
the increased demand by farmers in
the Middle West and by dealers in
that section and in the East who
stocks have run down during the
period oi depression; the purchases on
the Atlantic Coast, such as that of
3,000,000 feet by Baltimore from
Grays Harbor; and the occasional pur-
cnases in iiurope, such as that of the
Minnesota's cargo by England. Rail
the market again, their purchases be
ing estimated at only one-fifth of the
normal amount, but their
have begun to Increase and will no
doubt continue to do so with the grow
ing iramc in rood and war material
and with improvement in the market
for their securities. Ths itimhAmo
show their confidence that the market
will improve by raising prices to a
paying basis, but
shows Its belief that the improvement
"in oe oniy gradual and that demand
will not soon become normal, much
less brisk, when they warn mlllmen
not to reopen closed mills in too great
For some time to come the largest
demand is likely to come from the
Middle West, coastwise. Oriental and
South American trading coming next.
The high freights and scarcity of ves
sels caused by the war have restricted
the latter class of trade and have
almost neutralized the opportunity
which the Panama Canal afforded
Pacific Coast lumbermen to enter the
Atlantic Coast market. The war has
also cut off the normal demand of
belligerent countries and of those
countries which, though neutral, are
put to heavy expense and suffer trade
depression because of the war. In this
category are included practically the
whole of Europe and the colonies of
Peace alone can reopen the prac
tically closed markets. AVhen it
comes, it may cut a dam which will
let loose a flood of orders from all
over the world. The great amount of
shipping which is now diverted to
military use will then return to com
merce. Added to it will be the great
amount of new tonnage, far exceeding
normal production and exceeding also
the amount destroyed by war. which
ha3 been built to meet the temporary
and almost totally artificial shortage.
A slump in ocean freight to, and per
hops below, normal rates may then
be expected. It should open the At
lantic Coast and foreign markets,
which have been restricted by high
freights. At the same time there
should come from abroad a great flood
of orders to repair the damage done
by war and to carry out enterprises
postponement of which was caused by
war. The clearing of the atmosphere
the world over, which the war will
bring about, will give promise of a
long period of tranquillity. This will
encourage the undertaking of new
enterprises which may consume much
But there are several ominous
"buts" and lumbermen will do well
to heed them. The Pacific Coast
will meet competition in the inter
ior market from the yellow pine belt
of the South, which has the advan
tage of proximity and therefore of
lower freight rates. So long as foreign
demand is limited by ..the war, this
competition in the Middle West will
be severe. It ' will also be felt on
the Atlantic Coast and in the Central
and South American trade after peace
returns, though brisk demand should
give the Coast a good share of that
business.. But that nart of tho Eu
ropean demand which will be due to
tne needs or reconstruction will be
temporary and artificial, similar to
the activitv which marks a. trtwn that
is rebuilding after a general confla
gration. The belligerent countries
will have destroyed so much of their
CSDital and twill haVA inrrancoil thai
taxes to such an amount in order to
pay interest on war debt, that they
will cut down their ordinary consump
tion of all commodities to the mini
mum and will have little capital avail
able for new- enterprises
This look ahead does not justify
lumbermen in increasing production
to full capacity, or anywhere near it,
so long as the war continues. It
does not justify preparation to make
a gTeat, permanent increase in ca
pacity to supply what is destined to
be a purely artificial, temporary de
mand in the period immediately fol
lowing the war. A stampede to in
crease production for the purpose of
meeting such a demand would only
bring upon the lumber industry a
repetition of the disasters from which
It is now suffering. Those disasters
were the aftermath" of a stampede.-
The Pacific Coast lumber industry
can look forward to a steadily grow
ing, normal demand after the feverish
rush which will follow peace. The
United States should then develop at
an increased pace. It will be the
world's greatest reservoir of capital
and will probably finance great en
terprises in Latin America, Africa and
perhaps In MTestern as well as Eastern
Asia. If American financiers follow
the example of those of Europe, they
will insist upon a strong voice in de
ciding how their money shay be spent
and will require the use of Ameri
can goods wherever possible. They
will thereby expand the foreign mar
ket for lumber, as well as for steel,
railroad and electric equipment and
other materials. The timber belt of
the lake states Is approaching exhaus
tion and fifteen or twenty years hence
the Southern pine belt is likely to
show signs "of depletion. The Pacific
Coast will then be the Nation's great
est source of lumber supply, but it will
not be In a position to dominate the
market for many years. While it is
rising to that position, lumber will
encounter setbacks from causes such
as we have described and perhaps
from others which can but be vaguely
guessed. To flee from depression by
plunging on an after-the-war boom
would be to cdurt new disaster.
No matter how many capers grim
old Mars may cut, our interests are
centered upon a greater, nobler and
more intimate struggle. The question
of the hour, the. all-absorbing center
of interest, is the matter of who will
win the world series. In this struggle,
leastwise, we are permitted to exer
cise the human quality of partisan
ship. No sentimental neutrality is im
posed upon us. We may root for" our
favorite side with all the ardor of our
nature, even to the point of becoming
If "Bathhouse John" and "Hinky
Dink" were among the twenty Chicago
Aldermen coming next week, there Is
not a hall here big enough to hold
the crowd that would be anxious to
see the Windy City "statesmen."
Five million dollars may seem a
large sum to pay for a plant which
will teach us how and with what
weapons to fight, but if it should
teach us how to win it will be worth
the money. -
The Coast League is playing the
dregs of the season and for all the in
terest there is might as well stop.
This is the melancholy time of year,
outside of Philadelphia and Boston.
The heroes of war may well envy
James Whltcomb Riley the honors of
peace which Indiana "paid htm. No
lives were lost or homes ruined that
he might win those honors.
While. Europe fills her graves with
the greatest harvest the Grim Reaper
has ever known, we are filling our
granaries and storehouses with the
nurat crop ever Known.
If the Jans s-pf. hnlrl nf v, rAnnnH
spy who blew up the munition factory
near .tvoDe, tney may be depended
upon to DreaK his neck with the aid of
There is a susdIcIous coiniH AnA
In time between cessation of the bor
der raids and the apparent decision
of President Wilson to recognize Car
ranza. The human tracks found in lava
nunr Cunan T.o1j-a In li:.. -i.: -
. . . , tiaauiugiun,
would indicate that somebodv left in
a hurry more or less ages ago.
A Japanese seer predicted the Presi
dent's marriage this year. But per
haps he had a tin from the Jsiurcu
secret service at Washington.
It is a good plan to enforce the law
making this city a game preserve. Too
manv carolpsn men nra n tk.
skirts, armed with shotguns.
Get the petitions rea,dy. A woman
is to be hanged at Kamloops, B. C,
Just before Christmas, and all she did
was murder her husband. ,
There were several things the dope
sters did not take, Into their calcula
tions, but the main one is the score
of 3 to 1.
Clamdiggers are making fine pay
$7 a day on the Washington shore,
but the work is hard and help is
Bulgaria's reply to the Russian
ultimatum may be summed up in the
words: "It Is none of your business."
The dopesters are now figuring out
who will win the series, but we prefer
to wait and hold a post-mortem.
A buffalo bull chareed and ihiia
the billy goat at the City Park, which
ia getting tne citys goat literally.
We surmise that
Washington widow is reflecting bit
terly on wnax mignt have been.
The quake was a little slow in get
ting into San Francisco, but the Fair
days are nearly over.
Alexander may not be so great in a
week, and then, again, he may be
greater. Let us wait. T
Is the School Board trying to forget
the proposition of a cadet battalion
in the high schools.
A ninety-year-old apple tree con
tinues to bear. Ninety Isn't so very
old in this country.
Raising the limit has only height
ened the fever of the war- stock
This Is the anniversary of the en
trance of- Mrs. 0'Leary"s cow into
How utterly senile 'and useless the
Balkans trouble strikes us all.
Woodrow is not addicted to watch
fulwaltlng in all things.
Philadelphia occupied the center of
the universe yesterday.
The war college Is hopelessly snowed
under just at present.
European War Primer
By KattoMl Geemphlcsl Sax-ley.
Semendrla, where the shells from
Austro-German batteries fell in prepa
ration for the Teutonic drive toward
the Golden Horn, is one of the first
commercial towns of Serbia. Serbia is
an agricultural country. Piss ana
Srairts are Its ranking exports, and the
greater part of the Serbian export in
Pigs, and almost all of its export in.
cereals, passed through Semendrla In
peace times. Its trade has been done
chiefly with Vienna and Budapest.
Among its exports are a superior white
grape and a delicious wine.
There Is an interesting tradition
connected with the grapes of Semen
drla. It Is told that the Serbian Prince
George Brankovich brought cuttings of
the grape vines of Semendrla and
planted them upon his sunny estates
In Hungary, where he became the lord
of Tokay there. -This traniDlsntlnr nf
the Serbian grapes took placa In the
tain century, and it is from these im
ported vines that Hungary's famous,
spicy white wine, Tokay, came. Thus,
the little Serbian city is the great an
cestor of the Magyar's best-known
product, the fiery, aromatic glass from
Hungary which Is prized by connois
seurs the world around.
Semendrla lies upon the Danube, be
tween .Belgrade and the Iron Gates. It
Is distant about 30 miles innthMai
from the Serbian capital. It Is said to
"ana upon the site of the Roman town
Juons Aureus, and legend has it that
its famous grapevines were planted by
numwi .emperor FrobUH. Trier.
irom it may be seen that th rai
wine had an imperial beginning, and
the perfect product of today can boast
long ana glorious past.
At one time a powerful fortress
guarded the approach to the citv. It
was a tnicK-walled. triana-nlnr- rIm.
ture. saia to have been built In 1430.
and for a long time it was the distin
guishing feature of the small place and
the river crossing which it guarded.
Semendrla has been under attack sev
eral times in the course of Its history,
and one "battle of great importance took
nere in 1411. when the Turks
forced a passage Into Hungary through
a uanuoe choked with th hnn.
mo ueroic Aiagyar defenders.
oemendria has often heen a t9vt.jt
residence of the Serbian ruler, and from
1430 to 1459 It was the capital of the
"'' i" town nas a picturesque set-
w"b utiun tne Droaa river, here nar
rowing lor Its Dlsnsra rf T
Gates Just below It. The country
around it is broken and wooded. The
population is about 7600, and. despite
a thriving wine production and an ex
panding commerce, this population has
remained about the same through the
oi years. The port has a
branch line connecting it with the Bel-grade-Nish
railway, the main products
artery in the country. Its rugged old
iria.n(Cuiar rortress still stands, the
most interesting architectural feature
In the city, and its 24 square towers
are sentinels of Semendrla today as in
the days of George Brankovich. "father
S-k T,ok?y wine." who builded them.
The fortress was built on the model of
the Constantinople walls.
CONDITIONS GETTING PRETTY BAD
Paternalism, Soflallsm aild Senaatlonal
lana Roll JndKe Murphy.
PORTLAND. Oct. 8. (To the Editor.)
In the good old days our forebears
studied the Bible with reverence and
discernment. The daily and nightly
communion with their Creator Involved
Individual responsibility for their acts
and a decent regard for the rights and
property of others. But somebody dis
covered that this was not in accord
with progress and science. That was
enough. New creeds and new govern
ments did the rest. If the world was
E?fat'.butJ'ound- then our responsi
bilities to God and man were also
round. One could slide off of them
from any angle, and if your science
and religion slid you into the ditch
then, like Dr. Hillls, you could tell your
people "Jesus waiTmade perfect throueh
If you happen to slide Into the pen
itentiary and commit murder in trying
to escape and perish by the gun that
you yourself took up. then the news,
papers will weep over your sad fate,
and the man who gave up his life as a
sacrifice to society will be hurried off
to an untimely grave, unknown, un
honored and unsung by a mawkish and
jackassable sentimental press; nay
should you slide into the abode of the
woman of Babylon, some public defend
er at the public expense will pronounce
you a Mary Magdalene and defy the
whole town to throw the first stone.
I've never yet heard a judge ask: How
could a Magdalene get into a criminal
court? For the reason. I suppose, that
courts are "shelter to the euiltv"
(Twining vs. New Jersey. 211 U. S.- 91.
113) and upon the doctrine of "the
privilege of crime" (State vs. Went
worth, 65 Maine. 241).
No" comes one of your esteemed
contemporaries and makes demand for
"free Justice," as if a battle of wits
is confined to a courtroom and does
not enter into all relations between
man and man. As to "free justice," in
1914 there were 3251 homicides in the
United States and 74 executions. Since
18S5 there have been 131.951 murders
and homicides and 2286 executions. The
murder rate In the United States Is
from 10 to 20 times greater than In
the Bsitlsh Empire and Northwestern
European countries. On the other hand,
95 per cent oi murderers in Germany
are convicted, as asrainst 93 per cent of
American murderers manumitted, and
as murder increases, so does the mawk
ish and sentimensal slop for crime and
criminals Increase In a section of the
press, no reference being made what
ever to the standards of Justice In the
days of our forebears, when a crime was
a crime and not a subject for a sickly
philosophy. The authorities for the
above figures may be found on page
508, October Forum.
Most of the cant of the day In law
and government comes from a slobber
ing press and a bunch of lazv loafers
called politicians. In the service of the
National Government today there are
482,721 employes eating Into the means
ox the taxpayers and increasing yearly.
-n active movement is- on foot to in
crease this number several millions by
taking over to Government ownership
the telegraph, telephone, railroads and
steamships. Add to this the office-
holding class of your states and cities,
also increasing, and how long before
we will have a bureaucracy governing
us as in Russia? There Is no Incentive
to own a home or Invest In real prop
erty today. Paternalism and socialism
and sentimentalism are destroying the
individualism and thrift that once pro
tected the common, citizen. The man
who depends upon his own efforts ia
robbed by the tax-eating crowd.
There isn't one of your upllfters or
tax-eating Samaritans in this city to
day who can tell the people jrhose
hard earnings he Is squandering tsy his
tax for this and his tax for that board
or commission, what per cent of the
poor are worthy and what per cent be
lieve that the world owes them a liv
ing, and when the pinch comes, that
the state Is bound to provide lor tnem.
They can tell you more about the un
speakable plutocrats than they can tell
you about what brought about the pres
ent distress. A v'im on a soapbox can
tell you more about the misery of man
and the detects or government tnan
he will tell you of his own transgres
sions, and one of those "friends of the
people" who works with his mouth will
some day or other work out a system
of government that can be run on wind.
Be sure and attend the next meeting of
the Jackson Club.
J. HENNESSY MURPHY.
fcOMPClSORT TRAINING THE THING
J Ex-Sldlcr Says That A loan Will Care
SUNXYSIDE, Wash.. Oct. 7. (To the
Editor.) Since military preparedness
has become a National question I trust
an ex-soldier may be pardoned the lib
erty of a few words. Not that I would
dictate a Congressional course, nor yet
change the pacificist viewpoint. I
simply prould volca what I believe Is
the opinion of every soldier and ex
soldier in the country. To my mind (I
might says "ours") the only solution is
compulsory military training.
Unless I am mistaken, the pacificist
dread of military training is based
largely on the belief that it fosters an
aggressive military spirit. Germany
has been cited as an example. Yet Ger
many and the United States are quite
differently situated aa regards "elbow
room. xnat might account for the
"aggressive spirit" in the Vaterland.
but doesn't remove the fact that, had
txermany so aesired. she could have re-
msvinea at peace with the world ad
infinitum. And her ships at sea would
not have been sunk without warning
by warring nations, nor her citizens
anted without an unsolicited apologv.
riavlnsr been a unit of tha Unit.
States military system. I cannot well
condemn it aa strongly as it deserves.
its inadequateness in time of war Is
too well known for me to expose. It
is not the Army's fault. So far as It
goes it is all right. It Is the Nation's
military policy, which the ultra
pacificists would continue, which has
made the United States Armr a loks tn
its countrymen and an object of scorn
to the world. Then there is the social
ostracism of the Army private.
Had I a mind to I could expose a
thousand and one deficiencies in this
poor excuse for a military system
which, by the way. originated In a day
when every American owned a rifle
and was a dead shot. No need of
military preparedness then. A bugle
blast brought a regiment from the
wooaa on the run. No, I don't wish
to say too much against it. Were
there not a better way being proposed
by men high in the Nation's affairs
I should seal my humble lips. They
have started it and it's up to me and
every other ex-soldier (we all love the
service for what It is meant, regard
less of what It is) to help the good
Every American youth on the verge
of manhood longs to be a soldier. Not
for the sake of fighting, but to wear
a uniform, to learn to shoot a gun and
to walk erect, with muscles bulging
from sleeves and trouser legs. Why
not give them the chance and at the
same time prepare the country against
Indignities and Invasion? The word
"compulsory" is merely to round out
tne phrase It would have no place
with the boys. The Lord knows they're
crazy enough to go. I was, and I had
to run away from home to do it. Yea
I lied about my age, too. I didn't want
to fight. I. wanted just to be a sol
dier. I could feel the shades of Grant.
Lincoln. Sherman and others patting
me on the back. The hobos In the
Army took that out of me. and nice
boys and girls on the outside turned,
up their noses when I passed them orr
tne streets. Had Vincent Astor been
our file closer and young Rockefeller
a corporal or a sergeant or something,
and all the rich men's sons just sol
diers like the rest of us. things would
be different In the ranks, and now.
when Germany and England slap our
faces we could do something besides
turn the other cheek.
Six months is sufficient to learn the
rudiments of military maneuvering, it
is also enough to make a young man
straight In physique and capable of
sewing on his own buttons. If rich
and poor, high and low alike were
there for six months on an equal scale
tne Deneiits to all would be lasting,
and Uncle Sam would have about 1.000,
000 trained soldiers to call to arms. In
stead of 60,000 odd and a militia that
doesn't even know how to wash a pair
of khaki trousers.
EX-PRIVATE JOHV DOE.
J. Ruf us Wallingf ord
In the Sunday Oregonian.
Here's good news for The Oregonian readers. George Randolph
Chester has joined the staff of writers for the big Sunday paper.
He has brought J. Rufus Wallingford, Blackie Daw, Violet Bonnie '
Daw and all the rest of his characters with him. They will make
their first appearance in tomorrow's issue and hereafter will be a
regular Sunday attraction.
Simultaneously with the appearance of the new series of Walling
ford stories in The Oregonian moving pictures of the same stories
will be presented in some of the leading theaters of Portland and
DRAFT RIOTS RECALLED Now that England faces the possi
bilities of conscription to secure soldiers for service in the Euro
pean war, those Americans who lived at the time of our own Civil
War recall the exciting scenes attending the draft of men for the
. Union armies. In some places riots actually occurred, with results
almost as serious on a small scale, of course as the ruin wrought
in real battle. An authentic account of some of these draft riots has
been prepared from the testimony of eyewitnesses and will be
printed with illustrations.
MORE MOTION PICTURE NEWS Everyone who attends the motion-picture
shows and that includes nearly the entire population
of the community is interested in the full page of motion picture
news now running in The Oregonian every Sunday.
DONAHEY STILL ACTIVE The children have taken an earnest
liking for the artist Donahey's illustrated fairy tales which appear
each Sunday in The Oregonian. Another number in his popular
series will be presented tomorrow. The pictures, as usual, will be
TIMELY FRONT COVER PAGE Now that the football season is at
hand the football girl is out in force. The Oregonian photographer
caught a group of the fairest among them recently and the result
is one of the handsomest front cover pages that the Sunday paper
, ever, has presented.
HOW ARE YOUR B EET? If they ache or are unshapely, or if they
tire after ordinary use, consult Lillian Russell's page in tomorrow's
Oregonian. While Miss Russell is not a doctor, she is an authority
on beauty. And everyone knows that beauty cannot be had without
good health. So she is competent to discuss the care and treatment
NEW RUSSIAN RAILROAD IN THE ARCTIC Russia has a new
railroad from St. Petersburg north to the Arctic Ocean. -It was
built by Americans and may be used as a new route for getting
supplies in to tho Russian soldiers. Tomorrow's Oregonian will
print a description of it with maps and pictures.
PARK SCHOOL CADETS Last Sunday The Oregonian printed pic
tures of old Portland High School militia that attracted wide atten
tion. Tomorrow will be printed a picture of the old Park School
cadets with an article telling what the members are now doing.
OREGON INDUSTRIAL CLUBS A full page picture tomorrow on in
dustrial training of boys and girls under a state-wide system.
PAGE "FOR CHILDREN Besides the page of Donahey stories and
pictures and the regular comic supplement a big Sunday issue will
present the usual. department for the little folks, with jokes, poems,'
puzzles and storiettes. .
THE SCHOOL PAGE One of the widely appealing features of The
Oregonian is the school page published each Sunday during the
school year. Here will be found news of interest to parents,
teachers and pupils which cannot be carried in the daily news col
umns. The honor roll will interest you if you are a parent or a
pupil. The high school notes contain items of interesing stories of .
school life in Portland.
OTHER BIG ATTRACTIONS The latest news in the world of sport
will be presented in the regular Sunday sporting section. The auto
mobile editor has prepared some extra interesting material for those
who drive machines- and for those who don't. Then there will be
the usual line of society news, church news, club women's activi-
- ties, real estate and other specialties presented in bright, breezy
Twenty-five Years Ago
From The Oregonlan of October 0, 1SW.
Washington. Secretary Noble has re
fused to order a recount of Oregon for
Galesburg, 111. President Harrison
was greeted by the Illinois Grand Army
veterans yesterday morning at Peoria.
At the depot 5000 heacd the President
a soon speecn.
Memphis. Rube Burrows, the notorl-
ous outlaw and train robber, who was
captured yesterday near Linden, was
shot and killed last night, when he at
tempted to make a getaway -from the
jail. He successfully passed the first
two guards, scaring them, but the third
McMinnvllle Maid von the two-year-old
trotting race at Walla Walla yes
terday. United States Senator Watson Squire,
of Washington, arrived in Portland yes
terday. He was accompanied by Mrs. ,
Squire and J. H. McGraw, president of
the First National Bank of Seattle.
Mr. Squire is up for re-election, but he
says It Is doubtful if the, Republicans
will carry the next House.
Edward Holman has returned from
the National meeting of undertakers at
Omaha. A move was started to place
the vocation on a higher plana and re
Councilman Fliedner is nuttinar tin a
three-story building at First and Ca
The reserved seats for Clara Morris
engagement will be on sale this morn
ing. She will open In "Camille" Mon
day. Tuesday she will play "Miss Mul
totV" Wednesday "Renee de Morey."
Thursday "Camille." Friday "Miss Mul
ton." and Saturday "Camille" and "Re
nee de Morey.
Misa Helena Strumls and William
Becker, and Miss Lou I. Stranahan and
L. S. Wright, were the two couples who
were married yesterday at the Exposi
tion. It was a big event at the Expo
sition and the couples received great
bundles of gifts.
Half a Century Ago
From Ths Oregonlan of October 19. 1S5.
The critical situation in the overland
stage and mall service has called forth
an article from the Alta California, on
the history of the California Stage
Company and the Overland mail service
for Oregon. The Oregonlan wihes
a history of the service today." "v--
Washington. Mr. Stanton has in
formed newspaper men that the Presi
dent has ordered Sheridan to arrest Dr.
Gwin in New Orleans.
An agent of an English syndicate is
traveling through Nevada buying up
some of the rich silver ore lands.
B. F. Dowell, editor of the Jackson
ville Sentinel, called at the office of
The Oregonlan yesterday. He has been
traveling through Washington.
Captain Lafollett bas established
Camp Polk on a stream called Sic-se-que,
at the junction of the Eugene and
As the result of the opposition tho
fare from Idaho City to Umatilla was
set at $10 last week.
There seems to be a concerted move
backed by a formidable combination to
get a bill through Congress for at least
a partial assumption of the rebel debt.
At the Oregon State Fair just closed,
at Salem two newspapers received pre
miums. H. L. Pittock received the first
premium on The Daily and Weekly Ore
gonlan, and A. L. Stinson received the
second premium on the Agriculturist.