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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 6, 1915)
THE MORXiyG OREGOXIAN. WEDXESDAT. OCTOBER 6, 1915.
. POBTIAND. OREGON.
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JTOBTLAND WEDNESDAY, OCT. 6, 1913.
WANTED: A WILL-BALASCED NAVY.
Decision of President Wilson, Sec
retary Daniels and Chairman Pad
gett, of the House Naval committee,
to recommend the building of battle
cruisers for the Navy "bigger, faster
and more heavily armed than any
warcraft now afloat or building" is a
reaction from the proposal of some
amateur Navy men. In Congress to
entrust our safety at sea chiefly to
submarines. After the first startling
successes of ftie German submarines
in the early months of the war the
hall of the House of Representatives
resounded frith declarations that the
day of the battleship was past and
that the day of the submarine had
come. This was in face of the opin
ion expressed by the General Board
of the Navy 'that command of the
sea can only be gained and held by
vessels that can take and keep the
sea in all times and in all weathers
and overcome the strongest enemy
vessels that may be brought against
Since then we have learned that
Britain has perfected devices by
which scores of submarines have been
captured or sunk and by which the
underwater menace to British com
merce has been made negligible. "We
have seen Germany modify methods
of submarine warfare and deprive it
of some of its terrors in order to
comply with the rights of neutrals. We
have seen several old-style battleships
torpedoed in and about the Darda
nelles, where narrow waters crowded
with shipping gave the submarine every
chance, and we have seen one, perhaps
three, transports torpedoed there. But
a British squadron led by battle cruis
ers has destroyed a German squadron
off the Falkland Islands; other Brit
ish battleships and battle cruisers
liave chased a German squadron to
the shelter of the mine fields, sink
ing one and damaging two vessels.
The Audacious has been damaged by
a torpedo, but is again in service and
the British grand fleet is still in
tact. Probably 2,000,000 men with
all their equipment and supplies have
been moved to France and the Medi
terranean and have laughed at the
new terror of the deep.
The battles of the Falkland Islands
and the North Sea have proved the
tisefulness of battle cruisers in over
taking and destroying swift cruisers
of inferior gunpower. A fleet needs
such ships to run down vessels like
the German commerce-destroyers. It
needs them for scouting, that they
may be able to crush an inferior or
to escape a superior foe. After a
battle is won it needs a few such
units to chase and dispose of the
enemy's surviving ships.
But the Administration would do
well to profit by our own experience
and not to plunge on any type of ship
possessing the special qualities of
battle cruisers or any other special
qualities.' A warning against this er
ror is contained in the article of Rear
Admiral C. F. Goodrich in the North
American Review. He seems to re
gard the battleship Michigan as the
forerunner of the dreadnought, hav
ing its chief merits with some points
of superiority. It has no inter
mediate battery and its big guns are
concentrated in four turrets on the
ship's middle line. After having tried
various freak placiugs of turrets, other
nations followed our example.
Then came the dreadnought, which
spread panic in Naval circles and
caused all previous battleships to be
regarded as outclassed, but Admiral
Goodrich says: "I am not alone in
believing that the Michigan is more
formidable than the dreadnought,
though the dreadnought Is two and
one-half knots faster." The Admiral
suspects Britain of having fostered the
impression that oJer ships were ob
solete "for a purpose," as that coun
try has scores of exceirent craft of
older types, some having heavier gun
fire and being more effective hitters
than the dreadnought. These ships
"constitute a reserve of immense
value." But the United States went
with the crowd and strove to excel
the British monsters with the Dela
ware and Utah, paying for more and
heavier guns and higher speed in
greater length and weight and thin
ner armor. The same is true of the
Pennsylvania and Arizona, but the
Nevada and Oklahoma are of the
Michigan type. . While we are in
creasing size and nre varying classes
of ships, the British do not go to ex
cessive size: they build four to eight
ships of a class where we build two
and their later ships are similar to
the Michigan. Tho Admiral recalls
certain essential facts which, he says,
"have been almost universally over
looked" and which are:
That single ship actions are a thing of
the past; that naval battles in the future
will be settled by fleets; that each ship
should be so designed as to take hi;r place
in the line as one unit in harmony with
the other units; that general similarity of
these units in tactical qualities (turning
power and speed) and battery disposition
are essential to effective handling and em
ployment of the fleet as a whole; that a
couple of leviathans, in spite of their great
rower, may hinder rather than help: that
even a fleet of lovlathans might not pre
vail over a fleet of smaller vessels of a
well-balanced type mounting; a like num.
bet- of trims; that practically the same
amount of money would buy more Miehl
gans, for example, than leviathans, botn
I'ringing an equal number of guns into the
line of battle; thnt a Michigan could be
better spared from the lleet for coaling
or repairs than e leviathan: that it is not
always wise to put many eggs in one bas
ket. Admitting the advantage of speed.
Admiral Goodrich warns us that it
"may not be worth the price paid
for it," for if the enemy wants to
fight, "quick, hard hitting and the
ability to withstand his return blows
will determine the result not speed,"
remarking that "of all the qualities
in a ship none Is so fickle as speed."
He says the actions off the Falkland
Islands and in the North Sea only
"show the value of speed in escape-
something never in question," but did
they not also show the value of speed
in pursuit? Of the battle cruiser he
It is legitimate to contend that, if A
has heavily armed and very swift vessels.
E, "his possible enemy, ought to have some
of . the same class -with which to meet
their attacks. The battle cruiser is not
such a vessel asshoald ordinarily be called
upon to lie in the line of battle, how
ever useful, on occasion, and as a scout at
all timas. A few we may well covet, but
not at the expense of the real monarch
of the seas, the battleship.
The war is admitted by the Ad
miral to be between the battleship
and the submarine, and he says the
latter "has certainly come to stay."
Conceding its vulnerability, he yet
says it makes the battleship "de
pendent on external means of de
fense and hampers its free movement
in fleet action." He doubts whether
ships can be built to survive being tor
pedoed, but says minuter subdivision
of the hulls may minimize t,he risk of
Admiral Rrlrh', nhSpr,AtinM
i-nmhiiu. xcit tho cvonf. the. -clt- I
to put the Nation on its guard against
hiiiirtino- a Tavv trial- la riisnrrnr.rtir,r..
atelv strong in anv one type of shiD.
Thourti we need more battleships.
we are more deficient in other '
respects and while we should con-1
tinue to build battleships we should
build other ships faster in order to
provide a well-balanced fleet. Among
these should be a fair proportion of
battle cruisers, but only enough to
do the work required of that special
type of ship.
TICE WEBSTER MYTH.
Albert Bushnell Hart, professor of
government in Harvard University,
performs a genuine service to the
truth of history by exploding again
the canard crediting to Daniel Web
ster a speech which expressed a con
temptouos opinion of the Pacific Coast
and the great West. Professor Hart,
in an article on "American Historical
Liars" (Harper's Magazine), disposes
of many other myths, among them
the famous cherry tree adventure of
George Washington, and clears up the
record as to Daniel Webster by' show
ing that his so-called denunciatory
remarks have no kind of authenticity.
The statement said to have been made
by Mr. Webster is as follows:
"What do we want -with the vast, worth
less area, this region of savage and wild
beasts, of deserts, of shifting sands and
whirlwinds of dust, of cactus and prairie
dogs? To what use could we ever hope to
put thes great deserts, or these endless
mountain ranges. Impenetrable, and cov
ered to their base with eternal Bnow? What
use can we have for such a country? Mr.
President. I will never vote one cent from
the public treasury to place the Pacific
Coast one Inch nearer to Boston than it is
The time of the apocryphal speech
was 1S44, when the question over the
Oregon boundary was acute. Webster
was then United States Senator, but
had lately been Secretary of State for
President Tyler and had arranged the
Ashburton treaty, by which the north
eastern boundary of the United States
was fixed. But he was quite indiffer
ent to the merits of the dispute over
the western boundary.
Professor Hart traces the spurious
Webster quotation to a periodical
called Our Western Archipelago, ed
ited by Henry M. Field. Mr. Field
says he got it from George L. Chase,
of Hartford, Conn., in 1896 and Chase
says he retrieved it from a vagrant
article he saw while on a trip to the
Pacific Coast; and there the trail is
Daniel Webster cared nothing for
Oregon nor the Oregon question; but
he did not make that speech.
ONE DAT IN SEVEN.
The saloonkeepers of Chicago are
naturally in a state of mind over the
Mayor's order that they obey the state
law by closing on Sundays They have
utterly ignored it for forty odd years
and they had come to the conclusion
that they - were vested with a certain
To be sure, the saloons have been
shut up Sundays in practically all the
large cities of the United States for
years, including New York. The de
vices a thirsty citizen must adopt in
New Tork to tide over the dry spell
from Saturday to Monday are not
particularly mysterious nor ingenious,
for they do not need to be; but it is
true that the padlock is placed on
the saloon. But the prohibition
sirocco has raged all around Chicago
for a long time and it has left that
flowing oasis entirely untouched un
The saloons are making the usual
threats at reprisals against drugstores,
milk deliveries and the like. If they
close, all others must do the same.
They ought to know better. That
game has been tried elsewhere, and
it has done the saloons no good. It
is unquestionably true that the harder
the saloons fight, the less headway
they make. It will doubtless be the
same in Chicago.
A city which in these days permits"
saloon to run six days out of seven is
making a concession. If the Chicago
saloonkeepers are wise they will be
thankful for what they can get and
will say so.
But the saloonmen as a class areUented to the doctor calls for 120 nnn
never wise. They want to lay down
the conditions on which they may do
husiness. The time when that may
be done is long past. The public in
sists on prescribing tho terms in its
own interest and not in the interest
of the saloon.
The complaint of the Chicago Chief
of Police that it will take his entire
force to make the Sunday law effec
tive sounds familiar. It is tho excuse
of the officer who expects to fail.
All that is really needed is a genuine
notice to the saloons to put up their
shutters. If the police pistol is loaded
they will know it and govern them
TOLEKANCE OF, LYNCHING.
Editor Hamilton, of the Augusta
Herald, has perhaps unconsciously hit
upon the real basis for all sober criti
cism of Georgia as regards the lynch
ing of Leo Frank. He says truthfully
that lynching is not peculiar to Georgia
or the South. But what about toler
ance of lynching?
In his letter, published in The Ore
gonian today, Mr. Hamilton criticises
severely the lack of protection given
by Georgia to lifp prisoners. He, with
others, has called upon the Governor
to discharge the employes of the pen
itentiary from which Frank was taken
without resistance of officers or
guards. But not one official or em
ploye has even been suspended.
It is not to be doubted that there
are some good citizens in Georgia
who condemn the lynching of Frank,
much as they believe he deserved to
hang. But the retention in their jobs
of the penitentiary employes who in
effect abetted the mob is sufficient
proof that the weight of public senti
ment in Georgia is either indifferent
or supports the deed of lynchers and
penitentiary guards. Did the Georgia
public condemn the lynching, there
would be a clean-out at the peni
tentiary. . Corroborative of this state
of public sentiment is the failure of
the legally constituted investigators of
crime to obtain identification of the
lynchers, although newspaper report
ers succeeded in interviewing one or
more of them.
Mr. Hamilton expresses some curi
osity as to Oregon's record on lynch
law. Lynchings have been committed
in Oregon; so has murder in other
forms. We do not claim to be perfect.
We have our criminals. But public
sentiment demands their punishment.
The last lynching in Oregon had some
of the elements of the Frank case.
The deputy sheriff who permitted the
mob to take his prisoner was convicted
of murder, saved from the gallow's
only by executive clemency and went
to the penitentiary. That is one dif
ference between Oregon and Georgia.
SOLICITING SUPREME ASSISTANCE.
Just whether or not the Lord should
be ;"ecl upon in song to discriminate
against the enemies of Canada and
Great Britain generally is a ques-
Uon ich is stirring up consid-
erabIe difference of opinion in the
auivuiu. v,n Pr-
styles itself the General Synod, has
been delving into the moral aspect of
national music and has concluded that
there is something radically wrong
with the second stanza of the Brit
ish anthem. In fact, the Synod con
cludes that the stanza is little better
than the German hymn of hate, which
has been theyiubject of much criticism
among clviliaied folk inside and outside
of Germany. For that reason the
stanza was voted out of the books
used by such devout Christians as
come under the Synod's sphere of in
fluence. No longer was the Almighty
to be called upon to participate in
the petty quarrels of his children of
earth in such words as these:
O Lord, our Grod. arise.
Scatter our enemies'
And make them fall.
Confound their politics.
Frustrate their knavish tricks;
On thee our hearts we fix
God save us all.
Plainly enough these conscientious
souls realized that such supplications
could not meet a full measure of fa
vorable response without violation of
that strict impartiality and fairness
which are currently attributed to the
Infinite. With rare discernment they
took cognizance of the true Christian
spirit which discourages hate rather
than encourages it. Apparently they
saw the monstrous Incongruity of in
vesting the supreme power with pro
pensities for hate and partiality such
as would be implied by favorable re
sponse to the invocation:
Scatter our enemies
And make them fall.
But the Lord was not to escape
further pleas in any such fashion, for
the Canadian House of Bishops leaped
into the breach at this juncture and
marked the legend "stet" in big black
characters at the point where the Gen
eral Synod had blue-penciled the an
cient and honorable second stanza.
This was accomplished with a great
deal of enthusiasm, concluding with
repeated singing of the contested
stanza by all present. They rein
vested the Lord with special interest
in their national woes, redirected his
activities against the knavish tricks
of their enemies and adjourned with
the smug satisfaction of having saved
the country from disaster.
. But we suspect that the patriotic
zeal of the House of Bishops might
have spent itself to better advantage
at the recruiting office, for instance.
Doubtless Britain's enemies are equal
ly busied in calling upon the Lord for
sustenance, and if we may judge from
the concrete results to date, they are
meeting with better response. The
General Synod set an example that
argued well for the intelligence and
discernment of the Canadian people
and would have provided a forward
step in true Christianity. Despite the
persistent bids for his sympathies, we
are inclined to believe with Bonaparte
that the Lord is on the side of the
WHAT IS A COMFtEXIOS WORTU
If, as we have been reliably in
formed, beauty is one of woman's
chief assets, then it might be well
for those members of the sex who
are duly organized for offensive and
defensive purposes to turn their ener
gies in the direction of Maryland,
where a serious issue is at stake.
The monetary equivalent of a wom
an's complexion is to be defined short
ly by the courts of that gallant state
and there appears to be a widely di
vergent opinion on the subject at bar.
A Maryland woman who was deprived
or the translucent glow of her peach
like cheeks and alabaster brow has
raised the issue. Through the mis
calculations of a physician she was
stripped of her normal color and since
the hapless doctor can't wholly undo
the harm the victim turns to gold as
her one adequate balm.
It is no small price she places upon
Vl 1 T- AVt 1-Vl 11 A Villa Dtnna V. Will
That professional person must have
experienced some of the sensations
frequently enjoyed by those who re
ceive his statements for medical aid.
but he failed to remit, contending that
the price was exorbitant. So the
courts must settle the difference in
No doubt the defendant will be
able to show that a good substantial
and serviceable complexion can be
procured for a quarter of a dollar at
the druggists. French chalk combined
with extract of carthamin and cochi
neal has been simulating the bloom
of youth in woman's cheeks these
many centuries. Before that berry
juices and ancient concoctions did
heroic service. It would appear that
woman was addicted to cosmetics long
before she adopted skirts.
Nevertheless the Maryland woman
is right in declining to accept the
druggist's price list for up-to-date
complexions as an adequate return
for her loss. For no one was ever
fooled to any considerable degree by
the wiles of the makeup. By the
same mental processes that we exult
at the matchless beauty of nature's
superb art in a healthy woman's face,
so do we revolt at the artificiality
whereby she seeks to appropriate that
which she does not possess. We can
not fix the value of a woman's com
plexion, nor can the Maryland jury.
In short we feel that it is a jewel be
yond price and even if the Maryland
woman gets a verdict for the full
$20,000 she will have received trifling
recompense for a prodigious loss
which no wile, artifice or work of
magic can restore.
We may awaken in due course of
time to realization that we haven't
so much of an asset as we thought in
the Panama Canal. Its closing for re-
pairs until November 1 is now rec
ommended, following the latest slide.
Just what this will cost is not stated,
but we have no doubt but that the
bill will be ample. If these mishaps
continue their effect on commerce may
prove of more than passing conse
quence. Vessels may hesitate at
starting through a canal when there
are prospects of being delayed sev
eral weeks or months. We can only
hope that time and experience will
provide remedies for this condition
and 'that eventually we will have a
100 per cent effective canal between
Atlantic and Pacific.
Latin-American dislike of us is
proverbial. The folk of the Southland
not only have no affection for us, but
they experience a marked distrust and
believe that our intentions toward
them are not honorable. They regard
us as a greedy people who will over
run their provinces when opportunity
presents. So" far as our Monroe Doc
trine is concerned our policy of
protecting them from the predatory
nations of Europe they bear no ap
preciation of our solicitude, apparently
interpreting this as meaning that the
plum is being safeguarded for our
own plucking when it is ripe.
As pointed out by Professor Albert
Bushnell Hart, of Harvard University,
in a recent paper on Pan-American
relations, the Latin-American need
only come in contact with us as we
are in order to change hfs views. He
discovered this in observing students
and travelers from South and Central
America, who grew quite in sympathy
with Americans, their aims and ideals.
Professor Hart suggests that the ap
parent remedy for Latin-American
distrust and dislike should be applied
on a broad scale. We should get
better acquainted. If they really
knew us they would think better of
Hi suggestion is sound and this is
the proper time to put the idea into
practice. The seeds of mutual under
standing might grow at this time un
interrputed by outside influences. Eu
rope is too busily engaged in other
pursuits to interpose any obstacles,
moral or actual too busily engaged
in other pursuits that may be de
scribed as having their origin in lack
of understanding. In gauging the
difficulties between North and South
America, Professor Hart has laid his
finger upon the cause of most hu
man strife and dissension. If people
understood one another friction would
vanish from the world.
Reports from the British front tell
of the usual heavy loss of officers.
Will the British ' leader never learn to
keep under cover? Will he never learn
nis true value and accept the fact
that he is too valuable to expose him
self and sacrifice his life in spectacu
lar bravery? If, as currently charged,
the British "officer is inspired by a
wish to earn the Victoria Cross, then
mat decoration is a menace to the
service rather than a help. In mak
ing the awards the true value of the
deeds performed should be taken into
account and no officer be decorated
for mere foolhardiness and spectacular
An inventor having devised a vest
pocket wireless outfit, we shall now
await the buttonhole dictaphone.
When it comes such a device will
have an immeasurable benefit in cor
recting the laxity with which many
individuals handle the truth. What
politician would dare make false
promises into our dictaphone? What
insincere lover would risk saying
things he did not mean did he know
his utterances were being indelibly
Mailcarriers have been given per
mission to use bicycles on rural routes.
There may be sections where this au
thority can be taken advantage of,
but there are more where an aero
plane or motor boat would be more
serviceable in Fall and Winter.
The promotion of Orin B. Coldwell
to high place in the affairs of the
electric corporation simply shows what
any Portland boy can attain, if he
is the right kind of a boy.
London is about to restrict the
hours when alcoholic liquors can be
sold to short periods ir early after
noon and evening, with exceptions for
The most foolish people, in America
are the cut-glass workers in Connecti
cut who are on strike. The world is
not rushing itself to buy cut glass
It shows an unfeeling trait, to be
sure, but many people lauch when
they hear of a Jitney accident, and
then hop the first that comes.
With an army in Russia's front-
yard Germany says: "What right have
you to send ultimatums? Come and
take- another licking."
Heavy frosts in the Middle West
will ripen the chestnut if they kill
vegetation. There is compensation in
If that city woodpile had legs,
tusks, trunk and tail it would not be
as much of an elephant as it is now.
Failure of the city to conduct its
wood business is the final answer to
the municipal Ownership idea.
With prunes selling off the tree at
6 cents, the. boarding-house Joke will
be a Sunday supper luxury.
The world does not think harshly
or a woman who shoots her husband
when he is fighting drunk.
The "drive" of the allies is over and
the net result is the great loss of lives
on both sides.
Excursion trains from surrounding
dry territory will run to nice, moist
Snow-laden South Dakntans are in
vited to Oregon to enjoy the sunshine.
Bulgaria must do one thing or the
other and either means destruction.
A "dry" Sunday in Chicago will put
more cecency into a deficient city.
When health officers differ,
bacilli come into their own.
Snow is making the Black Hills in
On to Minneapolis!
European War Primer
By National Geographical Soetey.
Jalta, the Newport of Russia, to
which even such favored regions of the
world as the garden lands of Califor
nia and the Riviera must yield when
climates are compared, is today a
stronghold of society utterly eclipsed
by war, a lonely, unvisited little village
whose prestige and fame have depart
ed overnight, a Newport untenanted,
forgotten by the press and by all the
people, who, in peace times, eagerly
read about all the social splendors
there. Jalta. normally, would just be
entering upon the height of its sea
son, its gayest, most important two
months of the year, had not a world
war closed it, together with Monte
Carlo, Karlsbad, Interlaken and scores
of other places of "good tone," beauty
and amusement. The imperial court,
the statesmen, diplomats and members
of the great Russian command, now
carrying the intolerable burdens of
war. would be gathered there in times
of quiet, and social Russia would fol
low in their course.
Jalta is a beautiful place, built on
the shelf of a mountain, whose foot
bathes in the bluest and mildest of
waters to be found all around the
coast of the Black Sea. This little sea
port, in the government of Taurida, on
the southern coast of Crimea, thorough
ly deserves the distinction of being
the vacation home of celebrities. Be
hind it and between it and the north
the solid mountain greens, which
merge into deeper and deeper shades
until at the bare summits, they are
greenish-brown, rise to heights of
from 2500 to 3000 feet. These are the
southern fringe of the Jalla Mountains.
The tops of these peaks are often cov
ered in icy mists, while in Jalta and on
its bay rests the mildest of Spring
weather. Snow never falls in Jalta,
which boasts an annual mean temper
ature of 66 degrees Fahrenheit. Its
climate is said to be superior, to that
of Nice. Its Summers are not so op
pressively hot, there is less rain in
Autumn and in Winter, the cold is less
crisp in Winter, and the sunshine of
Autumn is said to fall balmier here
tban anywhere else in the world.
The scenery at Jalta. from whatever
direction, is completely satisfying. Its
Deauty is an intimate beauty, with
which the stranger is soon upon easy
terms, not the stand-offish, cold beautv
of the major Alps. The town is a gem
of white houses, set into the dark green
nountains, and climbing by steps to
me shelf upon which stand some of its
most sumptuous villas. Its bay is
very open, and the beach along the
waterfront Is narrow. The hotels and
pensions are mostlv in the lower town.
the Jevel which spreads just back of
the beach and quay. Some of the
homes higher upon the hillside are the
magnificent estates of the foremost
of the Russian nobles. The present
Tsar, his father and his trrandfather.
had palaces in Livadia, near neighbor
or Jalta s.
There is no industry and little trade
carried on by tne people of the vil
lage, who live almost entirely b
catering to vacationists and regular
visitors. Smoke and soot do not
deface the picture, and even the rai
road does not approach the town. The
guests come by steamer from Sevasto
pol, Kovorossisk and Odessa. Living,
of course, as bents a fashionable re
sort, is expensive. Hotels and board
ing-houses charge high, and the well-to-do
Russian is generally a free
spender. October and November are
tne first months of the year at Jalta.
although peqjle come to enjoy its
beauties and its climt.te throughout all
twelve months. Jalta is not much
sought by people outside of Russia.
for the reason, perhaps, that it takes
generations to win the fame amonr
distant people such as is that possessed
oy tne uerman and Bohemian baths.
tne rtiviera ana lyrol.
Jalta has a population of 14.000. It
is an ancient city, and is thought to
have been a place of great importance
in a remote past. The history of the
place commences in the 12th century.
when it was mentioned by the Arabian
geographer, Ibn Edrizi. At one time
it belonged to the patriarchs of Con
stantinople. It began its career as
playground and recreation paradise for
wealth and fashion in 183S, when it
was made the chief town of a district.
PREVENTIVE DBIGS VS. WARNINGS
Physician Dlncnsaes Way to Eradicate
PORTLAND. Oct, 6. (To the Editor.)
Just how much good do such plays do
as uamaged Ooocs," now running at
a local film house, is a question occur
ring to many. It is well that the bad
effects of venereal disease should be
known among the people, just as the
evu consequences or eating unwhole
some foods or excessive drinking
should be understood.
But I have in mind rather the ques
tion as to Just what extent such a play
as "Damaged Goods" is really effective
In, reducing the amount of venereal
disease in the world. This Is onlv
another way of asking to what degree
tear of infection may be relied upon as
This is an old mooted question. Too
many people are influenced in answer
ing it rather by traditional prejudice
than by facts, if facts were allowed to
guide us we should have to conclude
that fear is quite unreliable as a factor
that really makes for the extertnlna
tion of venereal disease.
Physicians generally know this, for
tney nave numerous cases where the
same person takes risks repeatedly and
is infected anew, even after suffering
great discomfiture and pain by previous
Also it cannot be denied that the
evil consequences of venereal disease
nave been Known a long, long time in
the world. Yet we find a creat deal
of it today after all these centuries of
warnings, both oral and visual. Prac
tically speaking, fear of infection might
operate among 10 per cent of the popu
lation. In my opinion that would be
quite a liberal estimate. The other 90
per cent fear would not deter at all. It
is tney wno constitute the real problem.
fcyphills seems to have been Intro
duced into Europe from the newly dis
covered continent of America toward
the end of the loth century. It is re
corded that it spread rapidly and was
of a particularly' virulent type. Over
400 years have passed since then and
certainly time enough has elapsed to
test out the value of fear as a preven
tive. What grounds have we for assur
ing ourselves, if we depend upon fear
alone to stamp out the three venereal
diseases that 400 or four years hence
the situation will not be as bad as or
worse than today? Judging by the in
dubitable record of the past, the out
look is discouraging indeed.
The only hope lies in the annllcalinn
of science to the problem. The greatest
obstacle to this programme la the
prejudice against boldly facing the
facts. Happily this attitude is craduas-
ly disappearing. Intelligent persons are
now coming to see that while there is
a moral question involved In many
cases of venereal disease, the moral
aspect afreets only the unfortunate suf
ferer himself. The wider question of
safeguarding the innocent and the
Puduc in general requires the co
sideration of practical health measures
entirely apart from the moral issue
if we are to make real progress and
not repeat the sad history of the past
Preventive medicine alone Is capable
of providing means for genuine .ex
tirpation of venereal disease. The
futility of relying upon any other
metnoa nas been completely demon
Helen Gonld's Name.
VANCOUVER BARRACKS. Wash.. Oct.
4. (To the Editor.) Kindly print the
name and address of the former Miss
Helen Uould. A SUBSCRIBER,
Mrs. Finley J. Shepard. "Lyndhurst,
Tarrytown, N. Y.
LYNCH LAW IS NOT MONOPOLIZED
Bat Gears! Onsnrable for Failure to
Protect Life Prlaonera.
AUGUSTA. Ga.. Sept. 30. (To the Ed
itor.) Inasmuch as you published the
letter of Edwin W. Walker from the
New York Sun describing alleged con
ditions in the City of Augusta. I would
appreciate your publishing my reply to
air. waixer in tne isew lork Sun Sep
tember 28. Mr. Walker, seemingly an
expatriate Southerner, does not tell the
truth about Augusta or Georgia,
-My first article in the New York pa
per was a reminder to those fanatics
of the North that lynchings are not
peculiar to Georgia, because they occur
in Pennsylvania. New Y'ork. Ohio and
every state In this section of the United
states. You may not have lynchings in
Oregon, and if you do not your people
are not like the people elsewhere. 1
am against mob law and I think that
the lynching of Leo Frank was very
wrong indeed, eut wnen public senti
ment is aroused against a man like it
was against Frank an attempt, at least,
would be made to lynch him whether in
Maine or California. The fault is with
the State of Georgia for not safeguard,
ing her life prisoners, and the saddest
part of the entire affair is to have to
admit to the world that a mob of za
men can go to our state penitentiary.
taae a man out ana lynch htm without
a word being uttered or a shot being
fired in protest.
I have advocated that the Governor
of Georgia drsmiss every man con
nected with the state penitentiary.
However, despite the suggestion that
this be done made not by me so much
as oy many prominent Georgians, for I
am just an inconspicuous newspaper
man. he has failed even to suspend the
superintendent, warden or any of the
I do wish to protest nraln mnaf em
phatically at the outside interference
with Georgia in the Frank rnnn In.
stead of allowing the law to take its
course, as in other cases. Detective
Burns was brought here, and everv
possible method to get Frank a new
triai, iair means and foul, were used.
Even a poor old preacher was paid to
make an affidavit that the negro in
the case, Jim Conley. confessed to the
deed. Georgia is not against the Jews
as a race. There are thousands of them
in tne state and they appear to be pros
perous and associate with their Gentile
neighbors on free and friendly terms.
We are not different in any radical
particular from the people of other
states and the great Injustice to us has
consisted in the pusillanimous attempt
of certain people outside of Georgia to
appear as outlaws and incapa
ble of self-government,
i ou may Dublish this tf vi nv
i cicie in tne bun.
THOMAS J. HAMILTON,
Managing Editor. Augusta Herald.
Mr. Hamilton's letter as nrintd in
the Sun follows:
To the Editor or tyi c ei. .... . ,
the slanderous Statement hn.. a
In particular, and Georgia and the South
In eeneral. made by Edwin W. Walker an
alleged Southerner. In the Sun of Septem
ber JU, lne wnter would not ask lour in
dulgence again to say a few words in be-
U: . nu state. It is very evi
dent that Mr. Walker v... . 1, ,
murderer who ahot his paramour while
" " wors in tne cotton mill and was
hanged for the offene vi- .
IO,r..a.cfinl8 not nearly so hideous as com
mitted by one Hans Schmidt, of New York,
who has never even got close enough to tho
electric chair to t .inH
here thought he was crazy, but the courts
u suiljt commission decided ha wasn't,
and be went to ih vaiiA. . v, : ,
Can you make objection to our treatment
of this "runman"7
ine grossest misstatements In xr- tr.ib.
er article are In reference to our mill dis-
uu.1. icn is not ideal by any means, yet
om which la better than many cotton mill
districts and Is constantly ...
Cotton mill operatives are" not classed as
skilled labor and the wages are compara-
j tatting men, women
and children above 14 warm oe n in
gusta, the average mill wage Ms 1.10 per
J ' """'"i, wire ana sons ana daugh
ters In a single family work and the income
"ura ineir iaoors is a emwf v
The Board of Education spent $135,000
eight years ago In constructing in the beart
, l"e mm district a magnificent school
building, the largest grammar school In the
South, and tho attendance opening day this
Fall waa 1012. The ladies of the First Bap
tist Church have a large mission In ths
mill district where nursing babies and other
little children are kept free of charge for
the mothers who work In the mills. Free
night schools are provided for boys and
girls who have to work In the dav.
movement Is now on foot to establish a
branch of the Young Men's Christian Asso
ciation In the mill district, and a branch
of the Young Women's Christian Associa
tion is sure to follow.
Mr. Walker says that Georgia thinks too
much of Mary Phagan dead and too little
of her alive. We feel that though she is
but a poor little mill girl she deserves the
greatest protection that our Government and
our civilization can throw around her.
As to mill girla being induced to enter
tne red light district by methods almost
identical with those employed by N'ew York
whlto slavers, nothing is mors absurd or
more far away from the truth. That a por
tion of the habitues of the red light district
are products of the mill district is true
litre as In every other place where there
are mills. It is no worse here than else
where. Augusta hsndles the problem of
fallen women by segregating them. Instead
of letting them scatter all over the city,
and this Is a problem which . has baffled
the most thoughtful minds of all ages.
I have lived In Augusta ten years and
have never heard of a person being mur
dered for money, thouch I havQnbeen In the
vicinity of Hick's Ha:i many times myself
and have sent reporters to that section
where Mr. Walker asserts men will steal,
heat or kill for hire. There are no Ro
franos in Augusta, no men of the type that
have politicians who stand In their wa
"croaked." How many men did those wit
nesses tell the nistrlct Attorney Rofrano
hsd murdered? Have the murderers of the
big poultry dealer on tho East Side ever
While statistics show, as Mr. Walker
says, that In 1912 there were 274 murders
in Greater New York and 7 In Atlanta, Ga.,
still he did not go far enough. He ought
also to have said thst the homicide rate
among negroes, as compared with- whites
!n the South, waa 3Vi to 1, while In New
York all the homicides are among Cau
casians. A newspaper stated a few months ago
that 30 people disappeared in Greater New
York every day and were never heard from
again. I do not know that this is true, and
neither am I writing a quasi philippic, so to
speak, about your city, the greatest of all
the cltiea or the world. In Georgia we do
not have Ideal conditions existing In all
things, else we would be readv for the
mllk--nntum. and Mr. Walker could Join
those "six generations of Southern ances
tors." We are all struggling along to make
our communities as decent as possible and
to leave a heritage of which our descend
ants will not be too much ashamed
THOMAS J. HAMILTON.
State Game Laws.
AURORA Or., Oct. 4. (To the Edi
tor.) (1) I have my place posted
against hunting and trespassing. If I
catch trespassers, how must I proceed
lawfully to have them prosecuted?
(2) Must one have a license to hunt
on his own or his father's estate. ad
Joining? (3) What is the law as regards car
rying a loaded gun on the highway,
or shooting therefrom. INQUIRER.
(1) Take up the matter with the
Prosecuting Attorney of your county.
(2) One may hunt on his own land
without a license. The same privilege
extends to members of "his own" fam
ily. If you are the head of a family
probably a lice'nse would be required if
you hunt on your father's land.
S. It Is unlawful to discharge a gun
at any game bird or game animal from
or while on a public highway or rail
road right of way. Carrying of a gun
on a highway is not prohibited.
Tie Worat of It.
"The- worst of coaxing people to
sing," said Gaunt X. Grimm, "Is that
they usually yield to the earnest solici
tation of their friends and accept the
T'nnrcrssa ry Exertion.
Pullman Porter Next stop is yo' sta
tion, sail. Shall T brush yo' off now?
Morton Morose-No; it Ts not neces
sary. When the train stops I'll step off.
Twenty-Five Years Ago
From The Oregonlan of October , 1S0.
Newark, X. J.. Oct. 6. Herr Most
had been liberally advertised to ad
dress a Socialist meeting here tonight.
At the appointed hour a crowd, mostiy
composed of Russians and Germans,
gathered in the hall and greeted tho
anarchist with loud cheers. The po
lice then entered and. to the discomfi
ture of the crowd, escorted Most from
tho hall and gave him half an hour to
get out of the city. Ho complied.
Paris, (jet. B. Alphonse Caudet. tho
novelist, is seriously ill.
St. Petersburg, Oct. 5. Thirty ar
rests have been made' here in connec
tion with the workmen's political
movement. Many other arrests vert
made in tho interior.
Madrid. Oct. 5. A rumor is current
that tho Spanish government intends
to enter Into negotiations with tho
United States for reciprocity conces
sions touching Cuban and American
St. Helen's Hall will open the Win
ter term at Tenth and Main streets
this morning at 9 o'clock.
Customs Collector Earhart has not
received an official copy of the McKln
ley tariff act. which goes into effect
today, and is therefore without the
means or classifying imports.
The Willamette Falls Electric Com
pany has very commodious and hand
somely furnished offices in its new
quarters at front and. Montgomery
The Greek symposium, under tho di
rection of the ladies of the Unitarian
Church, will be held at the residence
of Mrs. Burrell. corner of Eighth and
Madison streets, Wednesday evening.
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonlan of October 6, 16t5.
The election of officers of the Ore
gon State Agricultural Society has re
sulted as follows: John Douthitt. of
Lane County, president: J. C. Peebles,
of Marion, corresponding secretary,
and John Barrows, of Linn, recording
New York, Oct. 2. A private letter
from a prominent official at Houston.
Tex., says of military operatfons in
that quarter: "The Army is changed,
into an immense Sheriff's posse chas
ing jaynawkers. In fact all our duties
are the most inglorious, only troops
enough being left to take care of tho
negroes. Everyone is getting anxious
for war In Mexico or some place else.''
Dr. Prettyman, living a few miles
east of tho city, has favored us wita
a specimen of the Lawton blackberries,
which for size and llavor are of the
We notice that the sufferers by the
recent tiro in East Portland are busily
engaged in rebuilding the burnt dis
trict. Fort Monroe. Oct. 2. Jeff Davis was
removed today under a strong ruard
from his casemate prison to quarters
assigned him in Carroll Hall.
New York, Oct. 2. A di.-patch to
ths Savr.nnah Herald says: "The Geor
gia state convention has unanimously
adopted an ordinance declaring the act
of secesssion null and void.
The time has at last arrived when
money has become a drug in the finan
cial marKet. The rate of interest, it
is said, has not been lower for years.
Statesmen and Where Born.
GREf HAM. Or., Oct. 3. (To the Ed
itor.) Please settle following dispute
in Tho Daily Oregonlan: A claim
Austria only sent a protest about
American neutrality to the Govern
ment. B claims Germany also pro
tested officially. (2) Please state also
if President Wilson's hot' parents
were born In England. (3) Is it true
that his father was a landowner and
slaveholder before our Civil War?
(4) Kindly- give the birthplaces and
names of tho President's Cabinet.
(1) Austria has protested against
American shipments of arms and mu
nitions in quantities to the allies: Ger
many has not.
C) Woodrow Wilson's paternal
grandfather came to America front
Ireland. Tho parents of the President
were born in this country.
(3 - Our records do not disclost
whether tho President's father owned
land or slaves, but as he was a
preacher and college professor, it is
not likely ho accumulated much, if
(4) Tho Cabinet officers and places
of birth: Secretary of State, Robert
Lansing, New York; Treasury, William
Gibbs McAdoo, Georgia; War, Lindley
M. Garrison, New Jersey; Attornev
General, Thomas Watt Gregory, Mis
sissippi; Postmaster-General, Albert
Sidney Burleson, Texas; Navy, Jose
phus Daniels. North Carolina; Interior.
Franklin K. Lane, Prince Edward
Island. Canada; Agriculture, David F.
Houston, North Carolina; Commerce. .
William C Redfield. New York; Labor.
William Bauchop Wilson, Scotland.
Proposal to lanndate Holy Land.
Travelers in the Holy Land journey
ing northward along the beaten track;
from Saramia to Nazareth must cross
the Plain of Esdraelon. called also the
Plain of Jesreel, and almost invariably
pass the ancient site of the city of
Jezreel. A little north of the present
village (Zer in) a deep valley slopes
downward to the Jordan, and through
this valley runs the railroad between
Haifa and Damascus. It was once pro
posed to cut a canal from the Mediter
ranean to the Jordan Valley, filling up
the trough of the Dead Sea and paral
leling the Sues Canal by a second route.
If such a project wero ever carried out
the inner or eastern end of the canal
would be within a mile or so of Jezreel.
The same stream that would have
turned Naboth's vineyard Into a "gar
den of herbs" for Ahab's delight now
waters rig orchards and forms a little
oasis among the mounds of rubbish
which cover the ancient site.
Saved Life by
An Eastern railroad, the scene of
many automobile grade crossing
accidents, has found a new use for
It ran a strong series of an
nouncements warning motorists to
At the end of the past Summer
season it had a record unbroken by
xny serious disaster.
Automobile owners are newspa
per readers and they were "sold"
on "safety first" Just as they are
"sold" through the same advertis
ing source on merchandise articles.