Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, September 04, 1915, Page 6, Image 6

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Entered at Portland, Oregon, Poatoffice aa
second-claae matter.
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Kaatern Business Offices Veree &. Conk
Iln, Brunswick building. New York: Veree
& conKiin, sieger building, Chicago; San
rancisco representative. It. J. Uldweil, T4i
al&rket street.
J "We have been unable to connect
; anybody with the perpetration of thl
t offense (the lynching of Frank),"
solemnly says the Cobb County Ga.)
grand Jury. It is a conclusion on a
par with the sapient verdict of the
J Marietta Coroner's Jury, which, after
patient investigation, learned that
J i'rank came to his end by "being
hanged by the neck until dead by un
i know n persons." The Marietta Mayor,
I too, adds his testimony that "such
" things are pretty close and hard to
. find out."
They are, indeed, when an Inquiry
Is conducted by blind and deaf men
-.who are inspired by a common pur-
pose to protect lynchers and sanctify
- mob law.
! ' The grand jury took two entire days
' to examine thirty-five witnesses and
. . It could uncover nothing. It had. It
says, the "co-operation of Governor
Harris, the State Attorney-General,
the Solicitor-General and other offi
. cials of Cobb County." It is certain
then, that the great Georgia conspir
acy to defeat justice is sanctioned by
the highest authority.
; About fifty men were engaged in
the lawless and murderous scheme to
' lynch Frank. They came mostly from
I Cobb County. They participated in a
; sensational and shocking event and
' had a common knowledge of all its
disgusting and hideous details. Yet
these fifty men kept their secret so
well that the evidence of their crime
a crime that cried to heaven for ex
posure and punishment and was
flaunted before the horrified gaze of
the civilized world could not be un
covered: These fifty men told nobody
what they had done, and they kept
their guilty knowledge all to them
selves! The Joilure of Georgia to appre
hend and punish the lynchers makes
Georgia an accessory after the fact.
The City Auditor's figures show
that commission government Is cost
: Ing four hundred thousand odd dol
" lars more than councilmanic govern
. ment. The figures prepared by the
earnest newspaper apologist for city
extravagance show that the increase
.'. Is only three hundred odd thousand.
' The soul-stirring part of the episode
Is that commission government -costs
even one dollar more than council
manic government. There ought to
be a saving, but there is not. Thus
' are fond hopes and glowing promises
For the same earnest newspaper
apologist, the Portland Journal, dur
ing the commission government cam
paign repeatedly published in Its edi
torial columns the assertion that the
; change in the form of charter would
save the City of Portland one million
dollars annually. Today not only is
there no saving, but there is four hun
dred thousand annually in the red.
Kither the promise of a million
dollar saving was unadulterated bunk
unscrupulously peddled to gain votes
for the new charter, or the present
Commission is grossly and reprehensi
hly extravagant. Which horn of the
dilemma does the Evening Apologist
Gertrude Atherton Inclines some-'-nhat
vigorously to the opinion that
, writing books is "women's work." Men
' ought to drop it for the good of their
; souls because, she says, "it softens
. their hands and characters. They
; might." she adds, "as well be crochet
I lng." There Is nothing disreputable
' about crocheting, as far as we have
j ever heard. While it is not what one
would call strenuous work, it is per
. fectly innocent. We agree with Mrs.
; AJherton that some men might turn
: to it with profit. Gamblers, for ex
ample, and politicians. But we are not
t so sure about writers.
. " The ordinary novel is quite as innd
' cent and valuable as a piece of cro
cheting. We cannot see that there
would be a great deal of spiritual gain
; In forsaking the one for the other.
' But there is another and far more ap
, pulling consideration. If writing books
'; softens men's hands and characters,
how about women's? We suppose
'. women's hands really should be soft
to comply with convention's stern de
mands, but certainly their characters
. need the same rugged fiber as men's
if they are to join battle on the piti-
less fields of industry and literature,
whore the motto is "woe to the
If Mrs. Atherton's argument forbids
' mm to write books it forbids women.
too. A wumnti with a limp and pallid
noul is no more desirable in the world
than a man of the same type. But in
our modest view it is not necessary for
cither sex to become mollycoddles
when they take their pens In hand to
produce literature. Xenophon, who
'as rather a man of action, gave us
ome fairly good books. They have
jiianaKcil to survive the calamities of
; time for mono than 2000 years. We
iiope Mrs. Atherton's books will have
'. 'rthe same good luck. Julius Caesar
was another literary man who escaped
Whe abyss of molyeoddlelsm. So was
'Marcus Aurplius. Voltaire, one of the
most prolific writers in the world, was
Jut astonishingly capable man of busi
ness and the same may be said of
Shakespeare,, though in less degree.
Horace was a pretty good farmer, ac
cording to his own story. The poet
i;owper liked gardening at least as well
us he did making verses about it.
We cite these Instances to demon
strate that a man may plunge into lit
erature somewhat deeply without any
dangerous softening either of his
hands or character. But It has not yet
'neen proved that -women can write
liooka without acquiring som,e mannish
traits. Would it harm them any if
they did? Has not the capable self
reliant woman become quite as pleas
ing as the clinging vine type? If men
would speak the honest truth from
the bottom of their hearts do they not
prefer a wife who can help out the
family budget b5r writing a novel or
taking in washing?
Women have done some good work
with their pens in the lapse of the
ages, but hardly enough to warrant
men in resigning the business to them.
In the United States if women really
want to produce great books the field
is open, and with hardly any competi
tion from the other sex. There never
was a better chance for them to show
what they can do. We trust Mrs. Ath
erton's next work will show that she
understands how to take advantage of
a fine opportunity.
Commissioner Daly has overruled
the people and by his fiat has made
into a law a Jitney ordinance of his
own. The majority of the Commis
sion wanted regulation in accord with
the people's mandate; but Mahomet
Daly didn't. So the mountain came
to him. There has been more than a
suspicion heretofore that so far as It
is any kind of an administration It is
Daly's; now it is abundantly con
firmed. The enormous power given to a
single official under our awkward and
complicated scheme of government
has been grossly misused by Commis
sioner Daly. It is a system nominally
designed to give the people control of
their government, with machinery in
tended to give their will free and ade
quate expression. That is the theory.
But in practice the reverse has hap
pened. The great body of the people has
been openly and contemptuously defied
by Commissioner Daly, and he has
dragooned his helpless fellow Com
missioners into more or less complai
sant submission. They could take his
ideas of jitney "control," duly filtered
through the Central Labor Council,
or they could take nothing. They had
to take Daly's.
Probably It will be said for the May
or, who has thus been overridden in
his own official household by Mr.
Daly, that he had no alternative. In
the present situation that is true.
doubtless. But it need not have been
true, with a Mayor unafraid to use
the power lodged in his hands by the
charter and determined to carry for
ward his own administration and for
mulate and enforce his own policies.
The United States mails bring to
The Oregonian the following milt! ex
pression of a thought that is doubtless
in the mind3 of more than one Oregon
In readinsr In one of the nane that Cni-
lector of Customs Burke is making a laud
able effort to persuade the Special Efficiency
Board of the United States Treasury Depart
ment to take tire north side of the Columbia
River from the Seattle and include It in the
Portland customs district, I learn that two
members of that board come frnm pt,p-t
Sound and none from Oregon, which natur
ally does not make It eaeior for Collector
Burke to accomplish his worthy purpose.
A few aays apo I read that the vacancy
In the National Bank Examiner for this dis
trict created by the resignation of Mr.
Muiit, formerly of Jackson County, was filled
by a Democrat from Pennsylvania.
Ttvese news items recall that one of the
main arguments recently offered In favor of
Oregon electing a Democratic Senator was
me big pull he had with the Democratic
Administration. Instead of anything of that
sort, the actual events show that in patron
age and appropriations and business and
everything else within the scope of Federal
official activity, Kepublican Oregon with her
two Democratic Senators Is discriminated
against in favor of her neighboring elates
on the north and south.
The value of this interesting com
munication is not, we hope, lessened
by the fact that the writer, doubtless
for reasons of personal diffidence, re
quests that his name be withheld and
that it be signed "Republican." We
cheerfully accede to his request, for it
is clear that if the complainant is only
a Republican he can scarcely have
been a disappointed applicant for a
Job at the hands of a Democratic Ad
ministration or for political favors
from our universally esteemed Demo
cratic Senators.
A few months since The Oregonian
printed the record of honors conferred
by an appreciative Democratic Presi
dent on certain distinguished citizens
of the Pacific Coast. The purpose was
to show the more or less substantial
nature of the influence exerted by thejsian campaign, if the allies in the
two regon senators upon an Adminis
tration with which they are in full
accord. To three Pacific states the
following appointments (not local Fed
eral places) have been assigned:
California (1) Secretary of the Interior;
(2 Interstate Commerce Commission: (3
Ambassador to Russia; (4) Assistant Secre
tary o the Interior: (5) Federal Reserve
Board: (6) Commissioner-General of Immi
gration; (7) Commissioner of Industrial Re
lations: (8 Commercial Attache: (9) Gen
eral Superintendent of Railway Mail Service;
(10) Governor of Hawaii; (11 Surgeon-General;
12) Board of Indian Commissions;
(13 1 Special Santo Domingo Commission.
Washington (1) Assistant Secretary of
the Interior; (2) Solicitor of Internal Rev
enue; 3 Federal Trade Commissioner; 14)
Civil service Commissioner.
Oregon (1) Minister to Siam; (?) Solic
itor Reclamation Service.
It is possible of course that there
are precious few Democrats in Oregon
whom the two Democratic Senators
desire to recommend for high place in
the National Administration.
William Bayard Hale has changed
his opinion of President Wilson's Mex
ican policy since he was the tetter's
confidential agent in negotiating with
Carranza. In May, 1914, World's
Work published an article by him en
titled "Our Moral Empire in America,"
in which he extolled Mr. Wilson's
watchful waiting as the means of up
building,that moral empire. The edi
tor of the magazine introduced the
article with a sketch of Mr. Hale's
work, in which he said:
Br Hale visited the revolutionary chiefs
In Northern Mexico and hcM a series of
conferences with General Carranza and his
staff. These conferences were followed
shortly afterward by the abolition of the
embargo on arms and munitions of War,
which had placed the revolutionists at a
That lifting of the embargo on Feb
ruary 3. 1914. enabled Carranza to
procure th'e arms with which he final
ly drove Huerta from Mexico. But
Mr. Hale now sajs in the Christian
Herald that "the chaos which obtains
in Mexico is in large measure the work
of guns and cartridges made in the
United States and exported to Mexico,
where they have done their perfect
work.' and he condemns what he for
merly approved by saying:
tt deserves to be dwelt upon, quite can
didly and particularly, that the step which
the President felt constrained to take Feb
ruary a. 1014, was. from the viewpoint of
humanity, a backward step. Tt was po
litically dubious, ethically it was question
able, and humanely it was deplorable.
The logic of events seems to have
convinced Mr. Hale that what he in
May. 1914, held to contribute to the
moral uplift of America is now ''po
litically dubious, ethically question
able and humanely deplorable." How
still more deplorable it is that both
he and the President failed .to view the
lifting of the embargo In that light a
year and a half ago. Many thousand
lives would have been saved to share
in the moral uplift.
The La Grande Observer commends
with hearty zeal President Foster's
ideas on athletics. It says they have
given him "a Xational reputation,"
and that is just about the truta of
the matter.
Dr. Foster was one of the first men
Hi the country to speak out boldly
against the athletic excesses of- our
fashionable colleges. His plan is to
make physical exercises contribute to
education. He rejects the notion,' so
widely carried out in practice, that
education should be subordinate to
There is not the slightest doubt that
intercollegiate . athletics have been a
good deal more of a curse than a bless
ing wherever they have gone to the
usual lengths. The effort on the part
of some faculty members to curtail
them at the State University deserves
encouragement from people who value
education more than questionable
sport. The students should be permit
ted to have plenty of fun. They
should be urged to take sufficient ex
ercise to keep their bodies in sound
health. But the athletics that blight
education and gnaw Into morals should
be frowned upon.
Sudden adoption by Germany of a
conciliatory attitude toward the United
States is followed so quickly by the
Pope's appeal to President Wilson for
a renewal of his offer of mediation
that we may justly infer that Ger
many's action was prompted by a de
sire to clear the way for peace over
tures and that the two Kaisers moved
the Pope to act. This inference is
supported by the statement -from
Washington that "several days ago the
Administration learned authoritatively
tnat Germany and Austro-Hungary
were willing to accept mediation by
the United States." It is in harmony
with the many hints of the same kind
which have been thrown out recently
in neutral countries, but which evi
dently emanated from German sources.
Terms of peace have been activelv
discussed in Germany since the occu
pation of Warsaw. Three parties have
formed. One is composed of the mili
tarists, agrarians a'nd capitalists and
proposes demands which the Chancel
lor terms "an epitome of madness."
They include the practical annexation
of Belgium, the annexation of the
French coast to the Somme, of thp coal
and ore regions of Northern France, a
strip from Verdun -to Belfort, and a
great area in Russia; restoration of the
colonies with large additions, and a
great indemnity. With regard to the
conquered French territory which It is
proposed .to annex, these extremists
aThe economic resources of the territory
including the property, of the middle and
upper classes, shall be transferred into Ger
man hande, France to compensate and take
charge of the owners.
At the other extreme are the Social
ists, who oppose annexation of any ter
ritory as the certain cause of future
wars and as an admission that the war
was a war of conquest, not of defense.
Between the two extremes, it seems,
are the Chancellor and the govern
mental party, which appear to have
proposed the terms ascribed to "an
authorltfrtive quarter" in our Wash
ington dispatch. They would make,
Poland and Finland independent, and
would restore all other conquered ter
ritory in Europe on condition that the
conquered German colonies are re
stored, with additions to their area.
Germany from the beginning has
financed the war on the assumption
that she would win and would be able
to compel the enemy to pay its cost
by means of a huge Indemnity. This
policy was detailed to the Reichstag
by Dr. Helfferich, the Financial Secre
tary, In these words:
During the war we will not Increase the
gigantic burden of the people by new tax
ation. A tax on war profits can only be
raised at the conclusion of the war. It will
be payable both in cash and In a War loan.
Our economic future must be freed from the
gigantic burden of war. The heavy burden
of thousands of millions will be borne
through decades by tle instigators of tire
war, and not by us.
The belief prevails in Europe that,
upon completion of the present Rus-
meantime have not entertained favor
ably Germany's peace overtures, , an
other drive to Calais will be attempted
in the hope of Invading England and
dictating terms in London. The main
hope of securing an indemnity is Brit
ain, whose wealth has for generations
attracted the Germans, Bluecher hav
ing exclaimed on looking down on
London: "What a glorious city to
loot." If victory carried the Teutons
so far, it is expected that France and
Italy by that time would be bankrupt.
By setting In motion the machinery
for making peace and by making
known her terms, Germany has re
versed the usual procedure. The em
pire's armies, being on enemies' terri
tory both east and west, consider them
selves victors, yet the empire makes
peace ov-ertures. Usually the loser
makes the first move, but the allies
not only refrain from doing so, but say
that they will not do so. The situation,
military and political, explains this
There is no reason to expect that the
quadruple alliance will entertain, much
less make, peace proposals at this stage
in the war. Russia alone among them
has suffered severe reverses since the
first month of the war, and that coun
try by a strategic retreat has kept Its
army in the field and by strong rear
guard actions continues to inflict loss
on the enemy. While the Teutons oc
cupy much Russian territory, this is
no larger in proportion than the part
of France which Germany has held for
a year. The Czar has proclaimed that
he will not consider peace terms so
long as the invaders are on Russian
soil and he is applying the entire en
ergy of his empire to the training and
equipment of new armies. In the west
the Germans have been fought to a
standstill. Italy is slowly forcing her
way through the Alps to Trent and
Trieste. Serbia Is ready with the re
ported aid of British troops to meet a
new Austrian offensive. The allies
have taken a bulldog grip on Gallipoll
aiul are toilsomely making headway
against Turkey. Any day may see the
accession to their ranks of the other
Balkan . states with 1,000.000 men.
They may then quickly close in on
Constantinople, and Roumania may
Join Serbia in an atatck on Austria.
Though Britain seems, to have the
largest force on the Dardanelles,
King George's new army appears to
have only just begun to take the field.
Leaving Russia entirely out of consid
eration, the allies can probably show
as many men under arms as the Teu
tons and Turkey. They have driven
German commerce from the sea, they
move great armies by water at will,
they have conquered nearly all Ger-
manj s colonies and are making a vig
orous offensive at several points.
The allies have said from the first
and still maintain that they are fight
ing to liberate Europe from the men
ace of German militarism. By mak
ing peace with Germany triumphant,
one foot on Russia, the other on
France, they would abandon that task:
they would be surrendering before they
were whipped. From their standpoint,
all the blood, treasure and agony of
the last thirteen months would be
wasted. Serbia and the other Balkan
states would be at the mercy of allied
Austria and Turkey. Though Belgium
might be freed, it would not be safe,
for Germany would be free to march
through the kingdom again to strike
France. In sight .of an ever-present
danger Britain would be compelled to
adopt compulsory service and to or
ganize permanently for war after the
German fashion. The burden of arma
ment would be increased instead of
lightened, and the dread of war would
stiH hang over Europe. Popular in
dignation might cause revolt in
France, Italy and Russia. The British
colonies, which have -conquered the
German colonies for the' empire and
have done the best fighting for the
mother country, would rebel against
giving up the spoils they have won.
The British Cabinet has promised to
give them a voice in peace negotiations
and they would resist to the last any
move to surrender while the British
army is unbeaten.
Postmaster Lig-on, of Ada.. Okla.,
was a little bit perniciously active yes
terday when he pulled down the Con
federate flags that honored the as
semblage of men who fought for the
Lost Cause. Lee surrendered fifty
years ago and the Civil War Is a mem
ory now. There were good men on
both sides and those alive are all
enthusiastic over the Stars and Stripes.
If the aged boys in gray want to wave
the Stars and Bars at their own gath
ering they ought to have that privi
lege. Investigation probably will show
that the objectors belong to the gen
eration born since or during the war,
and they are the cantankerous ones
There is no better reading than a
collection of letters such as those of
Lowell, or Charles Eliot Norton. Nor
ton knew everybody of his time worth
knowing. He and Emerson were to
gether at Longfellow's funeral. When
they were parting, Emerson could not
remember Norton's name, though they
had been lifelong friends. It Is only
in intimate letters that one comes upon
tnese bits of tragedy.
When Adolph Pegoud first "looped
the loop" high in the air we were all
excited over his feat. . It seemed almost
miraculous then. Now any aviator can
do it. C'est le premier pas qui coute.
Pegoud went to the front with thou
sands of other men, fit for better busi
ness, and has been killed. The heaviest
cost of the war is the toll it takes
of humanity's best stock. -
The story that the great Darwin's
devotion to science killed his love of
art and music is denied by his son
William. But since Darwin himself
tells it in his autobiography many will
still believe it. The new collection of
Darwin family letters revives many of
these pleasant old anecdotes about one
of the greatest men who ever lived.
It has come to light that a high
grade electrical artisan in Toledo
earns J 22 a week and his living ex
penses come to $20. His rent is J25
a month, considerably more than a
quarter of his income. High rents are
one of the tnain factors in causing in
dustrial unrest in other cities as well
as Toledo.
In the East where roads are good
and automobile travel heavy the farm
ers are setting up little wayside tooths
to sell fruit and fruit juice. There are
places in Oregon where this might be
done acceptably. We hardly know of
any better way for country boys and
girls to turn an honest penny.
Norton's letters are full of unexpect
ed thoughts. He says, for one thing,
that the literature of the nineteenth
century is worth art that preceded it in
the world's history. We all believe
this of nineteenth century science and
invention, but some courage was re
quired to say it of liteTrature.
H. G. Wells' prolific pen gives us
another novel this month. It is called
"The Research Magnificent." The
story is of a man who sought "the
kingly life'' and, possibly, found it. We
dare say the book will soon be obtain
able at the library. Critics say it is
Mr. Wells' best work so far.
Clackamas grows teasels, Washing
ton is famous for its onions, Clatsop
for salmon, Tillamook for cheese,
Polk for hops and Old Yamhill for
pretty near everything that grows;
but now Malheur has all the limelight
with popcorn that captures the big
fair to the south.
Have you read "The Duchess of
Wrexe?" If not, get hold of a copy
and see how you like it. The book
exemplifies the powerful influence of
Jean Christophe upon British fiction.
Novels are growing longer, more ener
getic and more real in the hands of the
younger writers.
Drowning an enemy is more merci
ful than shattering him, and the sol
diers on the British troopship that
was sunk met the better fate, if itbe
they were destined to be killed any
way. There are 60,000.000 bushels in the
peach crop this year and that is five
bushels to each of the 20,000,000 fam
ilies of the country. Have you lived
up to your duty this week?
Rhode Island is a very much North
ern state, yet the testimony of a white
woman, Mrs. Mohr, is held to be bet
ter than that of the three negroes
against her.
Spain is grunting because Germany
has not replied to its protest on the
sinking of a Spanish steamship. If
the Kaiser says anything It will be:
"Shoo, fly!"
Very likely the allies do not care
for peace', always excepting Russia.
Kitchener has not yet begun the war.
Taft's plan to limit the Presidential
term to seven years needs a proviso for
parole for good behavior.
How would you like to be on. the
tasting committee at the peach cook
ery contest today?
Ton will find him at Astoria today
if he is needed, but better not bother
Twenty-Five Years Ago
From The Orrgonlan of September 4. 1S1K.
Customs Inspector Caro. seeing a
Chinaman sneaking ulong Second
street with a sack over his shoulder.
followedJitm into Tons; Fook Tong's
drugstore and seized 40 ftve-tael cans
of opium which were in the sack. The
Chinaman escaped, but can find 'the
opium at the Custom-House if he will
A "Victim of Circumstance drew
two good houses at Cordray's Theater
yesterday, matinee and evening, and It
,is evident that the play has caught cn.
The company members all do well in
It, and it is a. story that holds the in
terest from start to finish.
J. E. Werlein and Bertha Thompson,
Morton Lucas and Emily Hawkins,
Lew Wagner and Kate T. O'Brien.
John H. Carr and Mary Harrington,
are the names of those who received
marriage licenses yesterday from
County Clerk Powell.
A farewell reception was given Rov.
C. E. Cline and family, cf St. Paul's
Methodist Episcopal .Church, last
night, upon their departure for Salem,
to which charge Mr. Cline has Just
been appointed.
The World's Fair Directors are still
searching various sections of Chicago
for a site for the Columbian Exposi
tion. Nothing definite has been de
cided upon.
Kansas City.' Kan.. Sept. 3. Mayor
Frank P. Schiffbauer was crrested this
afternoon charged with the embezzle
ment of about $10,000 of city funds.
Major-General Miles, after a military
service of 20 years west of the Mis
souri, is en route to his new command
In the East. He leaves behind him the
lecord of a brave soldier, a sagacious
military commander and a public
spirited citizen. Perhaps no man in
the Nation is as conversant with the
needs of the Pacific Coast from a mili
tary standpoint as is General Miles,
and the vigorous presentation of the
same in his last annual report entitles
him to the grateful consideration of Its
people, who part with him with re-'
gret and follow him with kindest re
Japonese Doctor Claims to Have Found
Specific In Peach Leaves,
PORTLAND, Sept. 3. (To the Editor.)
As ihe word "peach" is in everybody's
mouth, I think it is a good time to give
you an account of the latest work of a
Japanese doctor, Genzarubo Koga, who
announces that, after 10 years of re
search, he has .discovered a ' specific
medicine which can conquer the fell
disease tuberculosis.
The discovery was almost completed
last Winter, but Dr. 'Koga has since
then been satisfying himself by trying
it on hundreds of sufferers. As the re
sults were quite satisfactory he finally
resolved to publish his irre&t discovery
to the medical circle of the world.
The story cf how Dr. Koga hit upon
the new remedy is a romance of Bcienoe.
When he was vice-president of the Mo
rioka Hospital, some 10 years ago, he
took a keen interest in the home rem
edy used by the late K. Mural, member
of the House of Peers, who used to
take the juice of peach leaves wb.en
spoiled bonito or tunny fish disagreed
with him. It served unfailingly well.
Dr. Koga at once set about Inves
tigating the qualities of peach leaves,
and found they contained hydrocyanic
acid. This acid is the antidote to pto
maine poisoning. He inferred then that
hydrocyanic acid must be a specific for
tuberculosis, whose toxin so closely re
sembles the ptomaine that it is next to
impossible to distinguish the one from
the other.
Dr. R. Koch, the leading European
bacteriologist, suggested in 1830 that
one part of potassium aurocyanide di
luted in 2.000.0U0 parts of water could
destroy tubercular bacteria in a test
tube, and that it did not at all affect
the bacteria in an animal body.
Dr. Koga, working on the theory that
hydrocyanic acid was also potential
against bacteria, found that the acid
could destroy bacteria In & tube be
cause it affected them directiy, while
in the animalbody it had no chance of
coming into contact with the bacteria.
It, therefore, a method of applying the
acid unchanged to the seat of the dis
ease could be discovered, the way to
success .would be paved.
The doctor employed potassium cupro
cyanide instead of Dr. Koch's auiocya
nlde, and experimented for a long time.
At last he has been rewarded with the
discovery of a safe and harmless medi
cine, which works upon the seat of
The disease in its first stage is com
pletely cured by three or four injec
tions, and a second stage cured by six
to 10 injections.
Patients who have recovered through
this treatment are enjoying as good
health as if they had not suffered from
the disease at all.
Dr. Kitazato, the famous bacteriolo
gist, who discovered the diphtheria te
tanus and plague bacilli, is permitting
the use of the Injection in his labora
tory. Phys'icians in the laboratory say
that the treatment, though successful
in the first and second stage cases, has
not been shown to be an absolutely sure
remedy on an exhausted patient in the
advanced third stage of tuberculosis.
The reason for this is explained as fol
lows: The potassium cuprocyanide does
not act directly by itself or, the bac
teria, but combines with an ingredient
contained in the tubercular tissue. The
compound thus produced has proved its
efficaciousness. When, however, ihe
case is far advanced, the supply of in
gredient disappears. Dr. Koga and
other scientists are devoting their en
tire time to a search for means of over
coming this difficulty.
-They Are for School Kldm Grownups
Want Soulful Clasalca.
PORTLAND, Sept. 2. (To the Ed
itor.) The writer is of ' the opinion
that our T. C. Wilson, who claims to
know good music when he hears it.
Just thinks he does, for in his article
dated August 30. wherein he de
nounces our classical music and terms
it as "stuff," he plainly shows that
he has lost (if he' ever had) that finer
Fense of feeling and inspiration which
Only comes to us through the strains
of music.
It Is all right to have a few pieces
of the lighter music played at the
band concert for the enjoyment of
such people as Mr. Wilson, but when
it comes to getting the real beauty of
poetry out of "Alexander's Rag Time
Band," "I'm on My Way to Manda
lay" and all other such pieces, it is
not there.
These pieces are for children and
high school kids. But. are the band
concerts solely for the youngsters?
No. They are also for the old and mid
dle aged, those who bear the burdens
of the world, those who have deep
thoughts and high ideals. They are
the people who understand, love and
appreciate the classical music, such as
Rubinstein. Chopin and Beethoven
composed. They see the poetry, the
sacredness and inspiration in thismu
sic. Chances are the woman to whom
Mr. Wilson refers la like myself, she
dees not know one note from another.,
but is so constructed that music is
food to her life.
Shakespeare says:
The man that hath no music in himeelf.
Nor is not mov'd with concord of sweet,
Is fit for treasons, stratagems and spoi's:
The motions of his spirit are dull as night,
And hie affections rlark as Erebua:
Let no such men be trusted.
Writer Contends Plural Verbal Should
Mot Be Used Wltsi Thvaa.
PORTLAND. Sept. 3. (To the Edi
tor.) Mr. Rigby's implied appeal for
a more liberal application of the gen
erally accepted rules of English gram
mar will find a ready response in the
minds of most people, and yet the plea
of others of your correspondents who
contend for a fixed line in the matter
beyond which It is not excusable to go
is well founded. On some points rec
ognized authorities on grammar them
selves differ, but in the main there are
established rules that are universally
Of course all writers sometimes find
themselves confronted bv a difficulty
in the construction of a "sentence, but.
as The Oregonian suggested recently
any sentence can be so transformed as
to express the idea intended by the
writer and the perplexity evaded or
In Mr. Rigby's letter occurs this sen
tence: "A party, among which was a
professional grammarian and excellent
linguist, were driving in the country
a,nd their wagon broke down."
Now. frequently, we find this expres
sion, "a party were." and yet it seems
to be a gross violation of the usually
accepted rule as to the relation of the
singular and plural. We would hardly
say "When Congress meets they will
probably declare war," or not. as the
case may be. If the plural "they" is
used, the sentence should read: "When
Congress meet they will," etc.
We had as well say "the Chamber of
Commerce have decided to protest
against the movement," for Instance,
as to say that "a party were driving
in their wagon." Congress is always
spoken of as "it," as is the Chamber
of Commerce, and yet those bodies are
groups of men, the same as Mr. Rigby's
By the way, what Is The Oregonian's
opinion of the construction of the fol
lowing sentence which occurred in Its
dispatches on Wednesday morning?
When the deputation of British bankers
reach New York on Its mission to strengthen
the market they will come with a plan,
it waa authoritatively said tonight, of which
their associates in York are wholly In
As will be seen, the deputation is
coming on "its" mission and will make
it known when it "reach" New York,
where "they" will proceed to business.
Of course a deputation Is sln-rular
aome deputations but it should not
masquerade as both singular and plural
In the same sentence. T. T. GEER.
Under the older grammatical rule
choice of a singular or plural verb in
connection with a collective noun de
pended on whether the reference was
to the collection as a whole or to Its
component parts. Late usage, however,
leaves the choice to the taste of the
writer or speaker. But a collective
noun should not be treated as both
singular and plural in the same sen
tence. What' tbe Matter With Portland f
PORTLAND. Sept 3. (To the Editor.)
In these dull times. with vacant
stores and scores of unemployed con
fronting us whichever way we look,
loyal Portlanders naturally "seek for
any and all reasons contributing there
to. 1 have been reliably informed that
many of our prominent business men
boycott our Portland tailors and haber
dashers and import their clothes from
San Francisco an. Eastern cities and
that many of our leading society women
get their gowns from a Seattle dress
maker who comes down here at regular
intervals to pick up a little easy Port
land money.
It seems to me that our newspapers
should investigate such thintrs ani
publish the names of those who are
thus disloyal to their own city and by
their practices oppose the principle of
patronizing home ' industry. Many of
us would like to see a public black list
made of those who make their money
here or inherited it from those who
made it here and are yet too snobbish
and near sighted to spend it here.
Alaaka's Fiahlnsr Value.
Since the purchase of Alaska by the
United States its waters have yielded
fishery products valued at more than
Discussed in
The Sunday Oregonian
With the next Presidential campaign only a year in the distance,
public interest now centers upon that indefinite, but none the less
picturesque, group of distinguished men who are being considered
as Presidential possibilities.
Who are these men and what are their claims on public favor?
Five of the most prominent in the group will be discussed by a
' well-Informed writer in The Sunday Oregonian.
FAIRY TALE FROM REAL LIFE Here is a story that might be
started "once upon a time" and ended with the equally familiar
phrase "and lived happily ever afterward." But, unlike most tales
- that begin that way and end that way, this is a true story. It
happened right in Philadelphia. The principals were ordinary folks
with ordinary positions in life. It remained, though, for Seumas
MacManus, the popular Irish poet, to rescue the principals from
oblivion and present them in their lifelike form to the readers of
The Sunday Oregonian. ' .
PAWNING FAMILY HEIRLOOMS To what extent the American
public indulges in the questionable practice of "soaking" some of
its valuable possessions to obtain immediate cash is revealed by a
story that will be printed in the big Sunday paper tomorrow. .
ANOTHER PAGE OF MOVIE NEWS Here is just what you want
to know about your favorite film stars. The Sunday Oregonian's
page of moving picture news is right up to the minute with in
timate gossip about people who help to make the modern film
drama. Another complete page of motion picture news will be pre
sented tomorrow.
KEEPING CATS AND DOGS IN TOWN Here is a much-mooted
question discussed from a scientific angle. Dr. Woods Hutchinson,
who is writing a series of entertaining medical stories, discusses the
advantages and the disadvantages of adopting these domestic pets
into the family. In The Sunday Oregonian he will tell why he be
lieves cats and dogs have no place in the city.
TEMPLE PRESENTS NEW SKETCHES There is no artist before
the American public today who seems to get closer to life than
Temple, the young man who draws regularly for The Sunday Ore
gonian. Tomorrow he will present three new sketches up to his
usual standard in subject matter and execution.
LATE INFORMATION ON BEAUTY Lillian Russell, who is ac
cepted by women as an authority on beauty, how to acquire it and
how to retain it, has written another story on this timely 'subject
for The Sunday Oregonian. She discusses, this time, the vanishing
waist line, which Women formerly strove to possess.
BUILDING MULTNOMAH'S ROADS A full page in tomorrow's
paper will be devoted to description of the extensive road work
now under way near Portland and Will show the latest photographs
of activities on the highways. The article will be of special interest
' in ' view of the fact that next Monday is inspection day on the
Columbia Highway.
MAKING COUNTY FARM PAY For the first time the Multnomah
County farm is self-supporting and even profitable. It has been
made an asset instead of a liability by the introduction of scientific
methods of agriculture. Just what has been accomplished will be
told in an illustrated article tomorrow.
OTHER SUNDAY FEATURES The Sunday paper also will present
the usual departments that always make it attractive for its read
ers bright stories for children, news from the beaches, society re-
ports, a discussion of the drama, real estate news, automobile gos
sip, a full section of sports and many others.
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonian ef September 4. 3SS.V
A loud Of hay that was beinsr hauled
along: near Greely's Mill. Mariposa
County. California, on August 19. by a
man named Waterman, took fire from
the friction of the brake and burned
so rapidly that Waterman had barely
time enough to free his seven horses
and save them from destruction. There
were two wagons connected. both
loaded with hay, groceries and pro
visions, all tf which were destroyed
with a loss of $600.
General Grant is reported to have
said, in a conversation with the Mexi
can Minister a few weeks ago. "The
French will have to leave Mexico."
The Supreme Court of this state will
meet at Salem today. A number of
attorneys from Portland left on Sat
urday and yesterday to attend the
term. Others leave this morning.
Hon. Schuyler Colfax, in an oration
delivered before the Oddfellows at Sac
ramento, said his ife. now deceased,
was the first to suggest the Order of
Rebekah. He afterward presented the
matter to the Grand Lodge of Indiana,
which appointed him a committee on
the formation of a manual. His suc
cess Oddfellows well know.
The Fire Department of This city
will appear today in their first annual
parade. ' ...
It is said that President Johnson has
expressed his intention of placing a
frigate at the disnosal of John Bright,
should that English statesman desire
to visit this country.
The Portland Academy and Female
Seminary opens this mornm;r for the
reception of students. The corps of
teachers cannot be excelled In the state.
The executive committee intends that
everything that tan be done snail he
done to render the Institution worthv
of the patronage, and a credit to the
City of Portland. It i very destrnble
ilia- students s'lould be. present at the
beglr.r,:i:g of t'te Titrter.
Newport Limits Debt and PrnalUM
Ofriclala Who Exceed It.
NEWPORT. Sept. 2. (To the Edi
tor.) I notice the complaint made that
your commission form of government,
is not working satisfactory. Maybe a
suggestion would not be amiss. New
port had been steadily going in debt,
notwithstanding the city charter has
a $1000 limitation. Warrants were is
sued and no provision made to pay the
interest until the city debt was nearly
$30,000. so the people voted to bond
the city for $20,000 and take up that
amount of outstanding, warrants.
Realizing that it was dangerous to
rely on the Council (or a commission
if we had one) to keep within the limi
tation, they provided that any Cauncll
man voting to incur an indebtedness
exceeding the charter limit should be
fined, and as It takes four members,
a majority, to vote money, it wouW
mean that four honorable members of
the City Council would be fined. Not
satisfied with this restriction, they im
posed a stiff fine on the Mayor and
Recorder for signingva warrant in ex
cess of the limitation. You may he
sure that Newport will not go in debt
as she had been doing, no matter who
is elected to fill the city offices in the
This smacks a little of the Chinese
methods in dealing with defaulting
bankers, but it has the merit of being
intensely practical, and in no sense
theoretical. R. A. BE RESELL,
Tax on Bachelors. . ,
To make them carry some of the bur
den of the war Germany has placed a
special tax on bachelors. This fact
causes the London Daily Sketch to re
call that the single men of England
over 100 years ago were called upon to
pay for their privilege of wifeless bless
edness. In the domestic tax of 1812,
where the married man was called upon
to pay 2 pounds 8 shillings for the lux
ury of a male servant, the same de
pendant cost the bachelor pounds S