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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 4, 1915)
VOL. LV-XO. 17,092.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, SEPTE3IBER 4, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
54 U-BOATS LISTED
BY PARIS AS LOST
British Celebrate Work
SIR JOHN ACCOUNTS FOR 42
Information Is Sent to Friend
in American Army.
SOME DECLARED CAPTURED
French Authority Makes Announce
ment With Reference to Reason
"Why Germa n y "Will Aban
don Submarine Warfare.
PARIS, Sept. 3. (Special.) With re
gard to the statement that the chief
reason the Germans are preparing to
abandon submarine warfare is because
of their heavy losses, it is authorita
tively assorted that 54 of the U-boats
have been lost.
A naval banquet was held in England
recently to celebrate the destruction of
the 60th submarine.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 3. (Special.)
tp to three weeks ago the British navy
alone, without regard to the navies of
France and Italy, had sunk or captured
42 German submarines.
Sir John Gives Information.
This information is contained in a
personal letter from Field Marshal Sir
John French, commander-in-chief of
the British army in Flanders.
The letter was written to one of the
best-known officers in the American
Army, who is an old friend of Sir
This information would indicate that
Germany had lost from all sources at
least 50 " submarines since the war
Three weeks ago antedated the sink
In, of the Arabic by a German sub
nialine, and the list does not, there
fore. Include that submarine, which is
reported sunk the day following, on
The French torpedo destroyers are
known to have accounted for several
submarines, and Italy may have ac
counted for one or two.
Figures Show Few Left.
The number mentioned in Sir John
French's letter is only two short of
the full number of German submarines
built and building July 1, 1914, as offi
cially announced by the bureau of naval
Intelligence of the Navy Department.
That was one month before war was
"In the Fleets at "War," a work pub
lished in England by Archibald Hurd,
a naval expert, the German submarine
strength last Fall was fixed at 36. This
would mean that nine submarines had
been launched since July 1.
Of these 36 the boats numbered U-27
to U-36, the nine latest, were described
by Mr. Hurd as of the highest known
efficiency, each displacing about 900
tons, and mounting guns as well as
AMERICANS G0 TO WAR
More Than 5O-0 Vnder IS Dis
charge From British. Army.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 3. More than
BOO American boys unaer IS years old,
have been discharged so far from the
British army upon requests1 from the
btate Department. Most of these boys
went to Canada and misrepresented
their ages to recruiting officers.
Peter Dougal, of Lambert, Minn.,
after having been discharged once on
the application of the State Depart
ment, escaped from his parents and
re-enlisted. He 'was released again
only to take passage on the Arabic
and escaped death when that liner
was sunk by a submarine.
The Walsh twins, of Boston, though
only 15 years of age, also managed to
enlist twice and the last time were
found on Salisbury Plain just about to
be embarked for France.
GEM. GOETHALS AT FAIR
Customary Kftrmal Reception De-
. dined by Canal Digger.
SAN FRANCISCO. Sept. 3. Major
General George W. Goethals with Mrs.
Goethals and his daughter-in-law, Mrs.
G. W. Goethals, Jr., arrived here to
day on the steamer Northern Pacific
from Portland. At Ms own request he
went immediately to his hotel without
the custornary formal reception ten
tiered by Exposition officials.
The builder of the Panama Canal
will be honored next Tuesday by the
celebration of Goethals day at the
Panama-Pacific Exposition. He will
remain in California about three weeks
and will preside over the International
Engineering Congress here, beginning
Standard Oil Adopts 8-Hour Day.
NKW YORK, Sept. 3. Announcement
of the adoption of an eight-hour day
by the Standard Oil Company of New
Jersey was made here today, on behalf
of the board of directors of that con
cern. Tweniy-five thousand workers
were said xo be affected by the order.
which will become effective Septem
CASHIER LOCKED UP
AND $1350 TAKEN
SELAH, WASH., BANK ROBBED IX
DAYIjIGHT BY MASKED PAIR.
Elmer Dablin Is Held at Bay by
AVeapon Till 5 0 Pounds of Sil
ver and Bills Are Found.
NORTH YAKIMA. Wash.. Sept. 3.
(Special.) Two masked men held up
the Selah State Bank at 4 o'clock this
afternoon,, obtaining: $1350 in currency
and silver, locked Cashier Elmer Dahlin
in the -vault and made their escape,
going north on the Ellensburg road in
an automobile. Officers are scouring
the country following: clews, and tele
phone and telegraph are being: used,
but nothing has been discovered to
Identify the robbers.
Mr. Dahlln was alone in the bank,
sitting at his desk with his back to
the door. He heard some one enter and
command him to put up his hands. As
he turned, the command was repeated
and he wheeled to find a masked man
close to him, with a leveled revolver.
The second robber entered, locked the
door and pulled down the shades.
Mr. Dahlin was forced to open the
vault and hand over the currency and
silver. The highwaymen inquired for
gold, but were told the bank had none.
Silver totaling $450 and weighing about
50 pounds was taken.
The robbers thrust Mr. Dahlin into
the vault, locked him in and fled. So
quickly and quietly was the robbery
done that none of the townspeople no
ticed the men when they left, but per
sons arriving a short time later from
Ellensburg reported meeting two men
who answered the descriptions of the
Mr. Dahlin lighted a match as soon
as he heard the robbers leave, liberated
himself within two minutes with a
screwdriver and gave the alarm. The
bank had been paying out considerable
sums on pay checks during the day. But
for this fact the haul would have been
much greater. Burglar insurance was
HURRICANE WARNINGS OUT
Two AVest Indian Storms Are
Headed for American Coasts.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 3. Two West
Indian storms are headed for Ameri
can coasts. Hurricane warnings have
been ordered on the Gulf.
The more pronounced disturbance
was in he Gulf of Mexico, this morn
ing headed northwestward. Weather
Bureau officials said it would strike
the Gulf Coast probably Saturday
morning somewhere between Cedar
Keys and New Orleans.
The second storm, about which little
Information has reached the Weather
Bureau, is in the vicinity of the Ber
muda Islands, where the pressure re
mains abnormally lower. That storm
apparently is moving in a north-northwest
direction toward the Carollnas
and the Virginia Capes.
FRENCH SOLDIER SUICIDE
Haunted by Hallucination of Inser
tion Lieutenant Ends Life.
PARIS. Sept. 3. The idea that a
soldier of France should desert the
army at the time of his country's
greatest need, so weighed upon the
mind of Lieutenant Poncet that he
committed suicide today under the hal
lucination that he himself was a de
The Lieutenant was a clerk of the
Supreme Court, and had been detailed
to -act as a representative of the Min
istry of Justice before the second
court-martial of Paris. He was called
upon to investigate many cases of de
sertion.. His mind thus fixed upon
this subject it came to haunt him,
and preyed upon him until he became
deranged. Today he shot himself.
M'ADOO WILL CUT COSTS
Committee Named to Find Economy
System for Treasurj.
WASHINGTON, Sc pt. 3. Secretary
McAdoo today appointed a committee
of treasury officials to investigate
and make recommendations to place
that department on a "more efficient,
economical and business basis."
Mr. McAddo says in- a letter of in
structions to the committee that his
experience had taught him that there
was room for many improvements.
MORTAR SCORE IS PERFECT
Xcw York Fort Makes 12 Hits With
1 2 Shots in Practice.
NEW YORK. Sept. 3. A perfect scare
was made today, it was semi-officially
announced, in the firing of 12 shots
from the 12-inch mortars at Fort Tot
ten at a moving target between 5000
and 7000 yards distant.
The moving target was a 12-foot
square of canvas representing a bat
tleship moving diagonally across the
line of fire.
MR. WILSON NOT TO REST
Plans Given l"p to Attend to Mexican
and European Situations.
WASHINGTON", Sept. 3. President
Wilson has given up all plans for re
turning to his Summer home at Cornish,
N. H., this year.
It was said at the White House to
day that he considers his vacation over,
and will remain In Washington to be
in personal touch with the European
and Mexican situations and'prepare for
the next session of Congress.
MEXICANS FIRE ON
Soldiers at Brownsville
Reply to Attack.
AEROPLANE IS FIRST TARGET
Encinal, Tex., Menaced and
Much Movement Noted.
BANDIT DEAD .NUMBER SIX
Woman Accidentally Killed Ma
rauders Being Hunted Down.
Cavalrymen In Battle Haid
ers Spare Supposed German.
BROWNSVILLE?. Tex.. Sept. 3. Mex
icans on the Mexican side of the Rio
Grande late today fired nearly 100
shot3 at an American Army aeroplane
flying over Brownsville. and then
turned their guns against a squad of
American soldiers on guard at the
Brownsville electric light plant.
When the firing started the soldiers
got behind shelter and returned the
There were no casualties.
A message from Laredo says a band
of Mexicans are reported at Encinal,
Tex., and have threatened to attack
Three of Bandits Killed.
A considerable movement of strange
Mexicans along country roads in Webb
County was reported last night.
Three of the Mexican bandits operat
ing just north of Brownsville were
killed last night by county officers
at Los Cuatros. five miles east of Bar
reda station, 14 miles north of Browns
ville. In addition to the Mexicans killed
last night, it is said, a Mexican woman,
deserted by her husband when the
Mexican outlaws appeared at their
home north of here last night, was
accidentally killed hy .United States'
soldiers when she approached them in
the - darkness in search of protection.
Mexican lard as Shield.
Stanley Todd, an American who was
held prisoner yesterday by the Mexi
can bandits who killed J. S. Smith and
Earl Donaldson, and who finally es
caped the bandits, today told the fol
"Early yesterday I went to my pump
ing plant six miles from San Benito
with three Mexican workmen. We were
working in a pit when suddenly five
Mexican bandits came up and covered
us with their guns.
"I quickly pulled one of my Mexican
workmen in front of me. Otherwise 1
should probably have been shot on the
spot. As the bandit took J. S. smith,
foreman of the plant, and myself out
of the pit, Earl Donaldson drove up in
a wagon and the Mexicans held
"After the bandits hyd escorted us
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 1.)
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 84
degrees; minimum. 53 degree.
TODAY'S Pair; northerly wind. ,
British troop ship awl 1570 live reported
los; off Dardanelles. page 2.
Grodno. last Kussian fortress in Poland, cap
tured by Germans. page 2.
Selah. Wash., cashier locked up and $1300
taken by daylight robbers. Page 1.
Fifty-four German submarines lost, says
French authority. 4 Page 1.
American soldiers at Brownsville return fire
from Mexicans. Page 1.
More bodies recovered from hull of Ill
fated F-4. page 5.
Great Britain borrows between. $50,000,000
and $100,000,000 in America. Page 1.
Japanese pageant Interests Oregonians at
San Francisco Exposition. page 3.
Mrs- Nphr says murderers of her hustand
d her to mitigate crime. Page 3.
Coa st O je results : 45an Francisco B,
Port lk. Vernon 4, Los Angeles 3;
Salt La kiatid game postponed, rain.
Paere 14. '.
Oregon Kid again In Astoria regatta.
Page 5. N v
Robert A. Gardi. vf-in brilliant match in
golf semi-final.. tJage 16.
Johnston defeats 1. Jn sensational ten
nis match. Pape
Robert C. Markee. Portland, to succeed
W. TV. Elder, Soldiers Home command
ant, removed. Page 1
Commercial and Marine.
New railroad demurrage rules menace Port
land's grain trade. Page 15.
Wheat lower at Chicago on heavy selling;.
Coalers are strong feature of New York
stock market. Page 15.
Schedule of several carriers on way for
west coast cargoes announced. Page 11.
Portland and Vicinity.
City Council adopts amended Daly ordinance
when Mayor breaks Jitney deadlock.
Teachers air grievances In closing session
of county institute. Page 10.
Mr. Baker announces campaign for muni
cipal economy. Page 9.
Bankers think decline in British exchange
will affect wheat sales. Page 10.
H. D. Eastabrook, prominent New York
lawyer, to speak at Benson Park dedica
tion. Page 10.
Weather reiort. data and forecast. Page 11.
CANAL COULD CARRY FLEET
Naval Academy Practice Squadron
Proves Waterway's Capacity.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 3 Proof that
the entire present main American bat
tleship fleet, made up of four divisions
of five ships each, and a flag-ship, a
total of 21, could be passed through the
Panama Canal in one day has been af
forded by the handling: - of the Naval
Academy . practice , squadron in the
canal locks on its way to and from the
The squadron, composed of the bat
tleships Missouri, .Ohio and Wiscon
sin, the largest warships which , have
so far used the Canal, were put through
the locks at Pedro Miguel and Mira
flores, the Missouri and Ohio simul
taneously in parallel, with the Wiscon
sin directly In the rear.
MAN WILLS ALL TO PEOPLE
Gratitude Shown for Hospital Care
in Many Places.
LOS ANGELES, Seut- 3. "Grateful,"
he says, for "incomputable hundreds
of dollars' worth of hospital care at
many tin.es and places in the United
States," Frank Ide Dysrert, 80 years
old, of Springville, N. Y., has be
queathed all his property, real and
personal, to "the people," according
to a will filed here today.
The property in California is a valu
able lot in Pasadena, Dygert directs
that a sufficient sum be retained from
the estate to give him burial.
PORTLAND DAY AT THE ASTORIA
2.og ? c WELL EcCs!im, AW
" s jnvaT cArOAj.s J
Temporary Loan toCor
rect Sterling Rate.
LARGER CREDIT LOAN SOUGHT
New York Financial Men De
COLLATERAL IS ALL HERE
Rates Rally In Spectacular Manner,
Sterling Soaring 10 Cents or
More at Opening of Market.
Substantial Gain Recorded.
NEW YORK. Sept. 3. All indications
today tended to confirm a reoort cur
rent in Wall, street that Great Britain
had borrowed from $50,000,000 to $100.
000,000 temporarily in this market to
correct the exchange rate on sterling,
ifhtil such time as her commissioners
shall reach New York and consummate
negotiations looking toward the flota
tion of a much larger credit loan here.
There was no confirmation or denial
of this report by the big men of New
York's financial world. Most of them
refused to discuss it and the few
who did speak said that there was
nothing in the way of an announce
ment that could be made at this time.
According to the report, the col
lateral on which this preliminary loan
was issued was brought to New. York
in four lots and aggregated the ap
proximate figures of the sum borrowed.
Two of the shipments of collateral,
totaling about $55,000,000, were brought
from Great Britain to Halifax aboard
British men-of-war and shipped thence
to New York with about $40,000,000 in
gold within the past 30 days.
Securities Come in Liner.
The two other bundles-of securities
were said to have been brought here
aboard the liners Adriatic and St. Paul
which reached N,ew York yesterday.
This loan, if made, was regarded as
only a makeshift to clarify the
surcharged atmosphere of foreign ex
change markets. Supported by an un
seen stimulant, rates rallied in a spec
tacular manner today, sterling soaring
10 cents or more at the opening of the
market. They fell back later, but on
the day's transactions a substantial
gain of 34 cents was recorded. Ster
ling closed at $4.66.
Conservative estimates of Great
Britain's needs here in the form of
credit placed the sum today at a mint
mum of $500,000,000, with twice that
sum mentioned as an outside total.
Bankers to Conter.
To furnish this staggering sum. It
was said, the bankers of all the chief
cities of the country would be called
on to participate. Boston, Philadel
phia, Chicago, ' Pittsburg. Atlanta in
tact all reserve centers and some
cities where there are no reserve
(Concluded on Page 2. Column 3.)
Fridays War Moves
THE Germans In their official report
yesterday said they carried by as
sault the fortified bridgehead at Lenne-
wada, on the Dvina River between
Friedriehstadt and Riga. This is con
sidered for the Russians the most criti
cal point on their whole front, for
should the Germans succeed in cross
ing the Dvina. the Russians would be
compelled to evacuate Riga, and their
position between the Dvina and Vllna,
and even southwest of the latter city,
would be jeopardized.
However, the Germans have" not
crossed the river, which is being de
fended by a reinforced army commanded
by General Ruzsky. who stopped the
previous German advance on the Bzura
River In front of Warsaw. Military
critics believe that the Russians will
make a stubborn defense on the Dvina.
the opinion being expressed that should
they fail here the German fleet would
gain command of the Gulf of Riga, and.
by landing troops at Pernau, would
considerably shorten the projected
march to Petrograd.
In vieW of the importance of the bat
tle raging along the lower Dvina, the
fighting elsewhere loses some of its
Grodno, which the Russians evacu
ated, apparently proved an empty shell
to the Germans, as they captured only
400 prisoners after street fighting. To
the northwest of Vilna the Russians
are on the offensive, and while the
Germans say the Russian counter at
tacks have been a complete failure, it
is said in Petrograd that the counter
offensive seriously threatens the Ger
man left dank and communications
with the army of Lieutenant-General
There is still some doubt as to what
the Austro-Germans Intend to do in the
southeast, military experts being di
vided in opinion as to whether they will
advance on Kiev or attempt to pro
ject a wedge between the .Russian
armies and Roumania, which would
make a serious matter for the Rou
manians to refuse longer the German
demands for a free passage of muni
tions over Roumanian railways for the
Turks, who are reported to be short
of shells necessary to prevent the al
lies conquering the Gallipoli Penin
sula. .The continued successes of the Austro-Germans
in the east leads many
writers to the conclusion that the sus
tained bombardment of the German
lines in the west means an early move
by the entente allies.
PASTOR IS HARVEST HAND
Oregon City Preacher Walking Home
From Beach Works in Field.
OREGON CITY. Or., Sept. 3. (Spe
cial.) Walking from the coast to his
home here. Rev. George Kelson Ed
wards, pastor of the First Congrega
tional Church, like David Grayson in
"The Friendly Road.'v spent a day this
week working on the farm of J. W.
Kohler, near Carlton, as a member of
a thresher's crew.
The Rev. Mr. Edwards spent a week
at the Tillamook beaches and Monday
started home afoot. Tuesday he
reached the Kohler farm. The preach
er volunteered when he learned a man
was needed and spent Wednesday
working under a hot sun in the harvest
Using inspiration gathered on his
long walk. Rev. Mr. Edwards has se
lected for his topic Sunday morning,
"The Open Road."
CURACAO IS WITHOUT FOOD
Catholic Bishop Says Crops Have
Failed for Four Years.
CHICAGO, Sept. 3. Death by starva
tion through four years of crop fail
ure faces the 75,000 inhabitants of
Curacao Island, In the Dutch West In
dies, unless help is sent them, accord
ing to the Right Rev. M. O. Vuylsteke,
Catholic Bishop of Curacao, who ar
rived here today seeking aid for the
VThe suffering in my diocese is fully
as terrible as In the war-stricken coun
tries of Europe," said Bishop Vuylsteke,
"and all that is needed to alleviate the
conditions there is bread, seeds, water
and food of all kinds. For four years
there have been no crops and the is
land is turning into 'a veritable desert.
The bishop said that 50,000 colored
people, 15.000 Indians and more than
3000 Hollanders were in distress.
ATTACK ON ROUMANIA NEAR
Austria Is Expected to Declare
ROME, Sept. 3. (Special.) A dis
patch from Bucharest today declares
that a declaration of war by Austria
Hungary against Roumania Is hourly
expected. Preparations for the impend
ing conflict are being rushed in Rou
mania. and the war fever there is con
stantly increasing. Volunteers are
flocking to the colors.
King Ferdinand, alluding to the al
leged wholesale arrests . and prosecu
tions of Roumanians in Transylvania,
is said to have affirmed that he was
prepared to make every sacrifice In a
war of redemption.
FIRST SUBMARINE BASE SET
New London, Conn., -Chosen as
Quarters in Xew Defense Flans.
WASHINGTON". Sept. 3. The first of
the American submarine bases contem
plated in the plan for an inner defense
line of submersibles along all coasts
will be located at Xew London. Conn.
The Kavy Department is working out
details and the new base probably will
be in operation in a short time.
It is planned to give crews of coast
defense submarines shore Quarters. The
ships will run out- to sea on dally
cruises or on patrol duty.
HEAD OF SOLDIERS'
HOI IS REMOVED
R. C. Markee, Portland,
to Be Successor.
CHANGE EFFECTIVE OCTOBER 1
Complaints at Management
Many, Says Governor.
MR. 0LC0TT SCORES MOVE
Prison Superintendent Declares
AVood Ordered Xot l"p to Re
quirements and Refuses Pay.
Water Tower Called Danger.
SALEM. Or.. Sept.- S. (Special.) W.
W. Elder, commandant of the Oregon
Soldiers' Home at Roseburg for the
last 12 years, will be removed Octo
ber 1. He will be succeeded by Robert
C. Mirkee, of Portland.
Removal of Mr. Elder came today at
a meeting of the Board of Control.
Governor Withycombe making the mo
tion. State Treasurer Kay voted with
the Governor for Mr. Elder's removal,
while Secretary of State Olcott regis
tered his opposition.
In making the motion for Mr. Elder's
removal. Governor Withycombe said
he deemed a change would prove to
be for tne best interests of the insti
tution. "I have received many com
plaints trom persons familiar with con- '
ditlons at the home," the executive told
the other members of the board, "and
believe we should make a change. Mr.
Slarkee Is well known in Portland and
indorsed highly by the old soldiers."
Mr. Olcott Condemn Move.
Secretary Olcott was emphatic in his
declarations to the board that he be
lieved Mr. Elder should be retained,
asserting that if. as he had heard, the
removal of Mr. Elder was due to"
charges which had been made against
the commandant's daughter, that she
had received pay from tho state while
employed elsewere, he could not con
demn the action enough. He said that
an affidavit made in connection with
the charges against the young woman
had been refuted in another affidavit
by the same person.
"I have the utmost contempt for the
methods of character assassination
which Mr. Klder's enemies seem to have
adopted," remarked Mr. Olcott. "I know
of nothing against Mr. Elder for which
he should be removed. I consider that
Mr. Elder has been a model command
ant. He has conducted the home in an
efficient manner, decidedly different
from experiences with that institution
before he was at its head."
Daughter Not Involved.
"I want t make it plain." replied
the Governor, "that this change has
nothing to do with any charges- that
may have been made against Mr. El
Controversy between Superintendent
Minto, of the penitentiary, and W. J.
Turnidge, of Crabtree, over the pay
ment for 500 cords of wood delivered
at the prison was appealed to the
Board for settlement, but adjustment
was left in the hands of R. B. Goodin,
secretary of the Board, and Messrs.
Minto and Turnidge. Turnidge objects
to the superintendent holding out
$763.40, 20 per cent of the contract
price for the wood. The prison head
declares the wood is not up to con
Water Tower Called Dangerous. -
That the water tower at the peni
tentiary is in a dangerous condition
and liable to fall was the statement of
Superintendent Minto, who said that a
new tower was needed. The problem
of obtaining funds to build a new tow
er was taken under advisement by the
On recommendation of Mrs. Hopkins,
acting superintendent of the Girls' In
dustrial School, Mabel Schulter and
Mary Begg wen allowed paroles. A
parole also was given to Rexal Shields,
an inmate of the State Training School,
on condition that he leave the state.
Heads of the state institutions were
urged to collect grains, grasses, fruit
and vegetables, if possible, and for
ward them to the exposition at San
Francisco for the Oregon exhibit.
Captain R. C. Markee. commandant
elect of the Oregon Soldiers' Home at
Roseburg. is a Union soldier who
marched with Sherman to the sea and
who cast his first vote for Abraham
Lincoln. Mr. Markee lives at 618 Pres
cott street and is engaged in the jew
elry business on the East Side.
Captain Markee has been a member
of the Grand Army of the Republic for
more than 30 years. He was born in
Harrison County. Ohio. June 20. 1845,
and moved to Illinois in 1849. He was
brought up on a farm located with the
scrip given his father for services ren
dered to the United States in the war
of 1812. When the Civil War broke
out Mr. Markee enlisted in Company A,
Thirty-fourth Illinois Infantry, and It
was with this regiment he marched
with Sherman to the sea. and then on
to Washington. In 1870 Miss Lucy
Churchill, of Moores, Clinton County.
New York, became his wife.
The charge at the Roseburg home
will not be Captain Markee's first in
that he was identified with the Sol
diers' Home at Quincy, III., for more
than 20 years. Six years ago he came
to Oregon and for a time lived' at For
est Grove. He is a member of Sumner
Post, No. 12, Grand Army of the Republic.'