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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 2, 1915)
VOL. IiV NO. 17,090.
PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, SEPTE3IBER 2. 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
UUINQ ITQ PfllMT
111) III I Ullli
Germany Agrees to Sink No
Ships Without Warning.
STRAINED RELATIONS ENDED
Kaiser Accepts Fundamental
Principles of Submarine
Warfare as Desired.
DISAVOWAL NOW EXPECTED
Note Prepared Prior to Sink
ing of Arabic, for Which
Commander Is Blamed. ,
WASHINGTON, Sept. 1. Strained
relations between the United States
and Germany over submarine warfare
apparently passed into history today
after Count von Bernstorff, the Ger
man Ambassador, informed Secretary
Lansing in writing that prior to the
sinking of the Arabic his government
had decided that its submarines should
sink no more liners without warning.
Oral assurances to this effect had
been given by the Ambassador last
week. But it was not until Count von
Bernstorff, after a call at the State
Department today, returned to the
Embassy and sent a letter to Mr.
Lansing quoting instructions from
Berlin concerning an answer to be made
to the last American note on the sink
ing of the Lusitania that officials
frankly admitted their gratification
over the changed position of the im
Fundamental Principle Recognized.
Secretary Lansing said in a formal
statement that the letter "appears to
be a recognition of the fundamental
principle for which we have con
tended." He immediately sent the
communication to the White House,
and discussed it in a cheerful vein.
Everywhere in Administration cir
cles there was a visible relaxation of
the tension which had existed ever
since the Lusitania tragedy, though
lessened by the earlier assurances of
Count von Bernstorff and advices
from Ambassador Gerard as to the at
tiude of officials in Berlin.
The next step, it is said authori
tatively, will be a formal communica
tion from the German government dis
avowing the destruction of the Arabic
and tendering regret and reparation
for American lives lost in the disaster
if the attack was made by a German
Disavowal Is Expected.
Even if the submarine which tor
pedoed the liner subsequently was
sunk by a British man-of-war, as has
been suggested both from Berlin and
London, the Berlin Foreign Office is
expected to send its disavowal as soon
as a reasonable time has passed with
out a report from its commander.
Once the situation growing out of
the Arabic incident has been disposed
of, the response to the long-un
answered American note on the Lusi
tania will be dispatched, and if Ger
many's explanations and proposals in
this case are accepted by the United
States, both officials and diplomats
here expect the way to be cleared for
a complete understanding between the
two governments on the subject of
freedom of the seas.
America Expected to Act.
In German circles it is freely ad
mitted that in Berlin a hope prevails
that such an understanding would be
followed by insistent action by the
United States to stop interferences
with neutral commerce by Great
Britain and her allies which prevent
Germany from importing food sup
plies for her civil population.
Ambassador von Bernstorff's letter,
which revealed for the first time that
Germany had prepared an answer to
the Lusitania note which was about to
be dispatched when the Arabic was
"My Dear Mr. Secretary. With
reference to our conversation of this
morning, I beg to inform you that my
Instructions concerning our answer to
your last Lusitania note contain the
" 'Liners will not be sunk by our
submarines without warning and with
out safety of the lives of the noncom
batants. provided that the liners do
ot try to escape or offer resistance.'
"Although I know that you do not
wish to discuss the Lusitania ques-
I Concluded on Fas 2. Column 2..
NEW ATTACK MADE
ON PROHIBITION ACT
OLYMPIA BREWING .COMPAXY
Title of Washington Anti-Liquor
I, aw and Initiative and Ref
erendum Are Targets.
OLYMPIA, Wash.. Sept. 1. (Special.)
An entirely new attack on the Wash
ington prohibition law was Instituted
today in a suit filed by the Olympia
Brewing Company, against Secretary of
State Howell, Attorney-General Tanner
and Prosecutor Yantis, of Thurston
County, In whieh the Thurston County
Superior Court Is asked to declare both
the prohibition and the Initiative and
referendum amendments null and void.
It Is charged that when the initia
tive and referendum amendment was
submitted, voters favoring the initia
tive and opposing the referendum, or
vice versa, were not given the oppor
tunity to express, preference and it
is also alleged that this amendment
infringes on the Governor's veto power.
The grounds of attack against the
prohibition law are alleged defects in
title, interference with interstate com
merce, and failure of the prohibition
proposition to receive 30 per cent of
the aggregate number of votes cast for
and against all initiative and referen
dum measures at the 1914 election.
Ex-United States Senator Piles Is
senior counsel for the brewing com-,
GIRL AND HERO DROWNED
Portlaml Cliild Is One of Victims
NEWBERG, Or., Sept. 1. (Special.)
Ruth Doyle, aged 13, whose home was
at 484 Everett street, Portland, was
drowned In the Willamette River at
the Ray hopyard, opposite here, last
night. Lewis Stabel lost his life try
ing to save the girl, who was with a
party of bathers. His home was in
Dansing. Mich. He was about 40 years
old. Both bodies were brought to the
Hollingworth undertaking establish,
ment in Newberg. The father of the
little girl came here in answer to a
telegram and. took "the body to Port
land. In this vicinity it has been found
that the Willamette Is a dangerous
river for bathers, as drownings are of
1000 EXPECTED TO DRINK
Spokane Auditor Counts on Number
Under Prohibition Law.
SPOKANE. "Wash., Sept. L (Spe
cial.) Ono thousand residents of Spo
kane County will avail themselves of
the privilege of receiving a shipment
of liquor each month under the new
prohibition law, in the opinion of
County Auditor Anderson, who sub
mltted to the County Commissioners
today his estimated expense, based on
"I believe that one thousand a month
is too many, although R. B. McCabe,
my chief accountant, thought that 20,
000 a year would not be too high an
estimate," said Mr. Anderson.
TWO DONATE THOUSANDS
Gifts Assure Completion of Mu
seum at Tacoma.
TACOMA, Wash., Sept. 1. (Special.)
Donations by Mrs. R. L. McCormlck
and Henry Hewitt, Jr., make certain the
completion of the Ferry Museum joint
ly with the building of the Washington
State Historical Society.
The first of the two units, the His
torical Society half, was built about
five years ago and the foundation pf
the second unit is under way.
Mrs. McCormlck gace $10,000 and Mr.
Hewitt the remainder, between $12,500
SWISS TERRITORY ENTERED
German Airmen, Driven Over Bor
der, Tnrn Back in Face or Fire.
GENEVA, Switzerald, via Paris, Sept.
1. German aviators violated Swiss ter
ritory yesterday for the fourth time.
Five German military aeroplanes flew
inside the Swiss frontier opposite the
French town of Delle.
Although under fire from French ar
tillery, the aeroplanes turned back.
One damaged machine -came down near
the Swiss village of Buix, but after
wards took to the air and escaped to
JOURNALIST SENT TO JAIL
Briton, Son of Germans, Accused of
Writing Pro-Teutonic Accounts.
MANCHESTER. England. Sept. 1
Theodore Sington, a British journalist
of German parentage, was sentenced
today to a term of six months in jail
for writing for American newspapers
matter "calculated to prejudice the re
lations of the British Government with
When arrested, on August 25, Sington
denied that his articles were intended
FAIR NOW OUT OF DEBT
Check of $110,159.02 Given In
Final Papnent by Exposition.
SAT FRANCISCO. Sept. 1. A check
for $110,159.02 was griven today by the
Panama-Pacific Exposition to the Union
Trust Company in final payment of a
secured debt, which originally was
$962,340.93, clearing all of the Expo
FRANCS AT NEW LOW LEVEL
Bankers Remain Calm; Say
Speculators Cause Values.
RELIEF BELIEVED NEAR
British Censors Keep Principal
News of Condition of Money
Market From America
and From England.
NEW YORK. Sept. 1. Foreign ex
change rates, led by the English pound
sterling, played fast and loose today
in checkerboard moves over the low
est plane of values ever reached In
this country. From extreme depres
sion of $4.50 registered at the open
ing of the market, sterling made Its
faltering way by leaps and falls to
$4.55 H in the late afternoon and fell
back at the day's end to $4.54.
Francs dropped at a single stroke
from 6.03 to the dollar at the opening
to 6.09, reaching their lowest value.
Lires hovered from 6.54, approxi
mately 26 per cent below their normal
Reichmands zigzagged between 80
The entire market was in convul
sions throughout the day, although the
tendency toward hysteria lessened
toward the close.
Leading; Bankers Calm.
The leading bankers, however, were
inclined to calm. One foreign ex
change expert asserted tonight that he
doubted If 10,000 pounds sterling had
been bought in this market today.. The
widely divergent quotations at the
opening and the close he ascribed
purely to speculators. This view.
however, was not generally accepted
ana inert were indications that tliere
had been large dealings in small
amounts after sterling had strength
ened to $4.52.
For reasons not seen on the surface,
optimism was more apparent tonight
than analysis of the situation seemed
to warrant. A persistent report pre
vailed that relief wa3 in sight. It was
said that the delegation of British
financiers and treasury officials sent
here to mend England's battered cred
its were almost within sight of land.
Financiers Expected Today.
The blue pencil of the censor had
crossed out all news from abroad of
their sailing for New York, but it was
thought possible they would be found
aboard the American liner St. Paul,
due to dock here tomorrow.
The censor, according to mail re
ports from abroad sent to newspapers
here, has been greatly interested in
the foreign exchange situation recently
(Concluded on Page
INDEX OF TODAFS NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum' temperature, 71
degrees; minimum, 58 degree.
TODAY'S Thursday fair; northwesterly
Germans capture Russian fortress of Lutsk.
Germany aprPM to America's demand on
submarine -warfare. Page 1.
Story of Orozco's pursuit and death reads
like page from romance. Pas 2.
Rear-Admiral Fullam Is relieved as head of
raval Academy. Page 2.
Cardinal Gibbons to call on President to
day to ask him to act for peace. Page L
Delay of naval programme by Secretary
Daniels is feared. Page 2.
Canal is great time " and money-saver.
Body of officer Is found in F-4, but Iden
tification Is impossible. Page 3.
Foreign exchange market in frenzied condi
tion. Page X.
Coart League results : San Francisco 6,
Portland 3; Oakland 10, Salt Lake 8;
Los Angeles 3, Vernon 2. Page 6.
Ouimet and Travers beaten by youngsters
at Detroit. Page 6.
Giants rally and beat Phillies, 6 to S.
Mclaughlin battles for every point in Forest
iius tourney. Page 6.
Pacific North went.
Astoria Regatta opens today. Page 6.
New attack made on Washington state
prohibition law. Page 1.
Arrangements made far full discussion of
land grant problem September 16. Page 5.
Land prant plans to be discussed at Salem,
Commercial and Marine.
Pacific Coast wheat cargoes offered In Lon
don find no buyers. Page 15.
Short scramble sends up wheat at Chicago.
Stock prices advance on news of new Ger
man naval policy. Page 15.
Boat service to be Increased to accommo
date pickers. Page 12.
.Portland and Vicinity.
Teachers at Institute discuss problems ot
school. Page it.
Fire fighting in Oregon and Washington in
60 days costs $25,000. Page 15.
Hundreds of bankers to visit Portland next
week. Page 11.
Jitney deadlock tn Council holds. Page 16.
City Auditor supports The Oregonian's flg
. urea on cost of municipal government.
Wonder store opens in handsome new quar
ters. Page 7.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 15.
PROMISE GUIDES WEDDING
Miss Travels Far to Keep Pledge
Given Pastor When 13 Years Old.
SAN DIEGO. Cal.. Sept. 1. (Special.)
That his fiancee might be married by
the pastor she had promised when 13
years old to officiate at the ceremony.
Professor Henry Hayaen, teacher at
Vancouver, Wash., met in San Diego
today Miss Fannie P. Willoughby, who
had come all the way f ronr"Philadel
phia. and the two were married at a
hotel by Rev. M. H. PL Lee, formerly
Mr. Hayden is the son of S. L. Hay
den, of Hood River, Or., and a gradu
ate of the McMlnnville College. The
young couple left for San Francisco.
From there they will go to Sisters.
Crook County, Or., where they will
make their home.
ADMIRAL VON TIRPITZ ILL
German Minister of Marine to Take
Several Weeks' Vacation.
LONDON, Sept. 1. A dispatch to the
Exchange Telegraph Company from
Amsterdam says reports received there
from Berlin are to the effect that Ad
miral von Tirpitz. the German Minister
of Marine, is ill from overwork and ex
haustion. On the advice of his physician he In
tends to leave Berlin for a holiday
which is to extend over several
TURNS IN HIS EXAMINATION
Czar's Men Forced to
Autumn Rains Expected to
Come to Slavs' Relief.
LOSSES ARE ENORMOUS
More Than 1,000,000 Prisoners
Taken Since May 2 and August
Captives Total 250,000 Great
Armies Still In Field.
LONDON. Sept. 1. The minor fortress
of Lutsk, which, with those of Dubno
and Kovno, forms a fortified triangle
on Russian territory just north of the
Gallcian frontier, was captured by the
Austrians today, according to the off!
cial report from Vienna. It Is in this
direction that the Austro-German of
fensive has been the most aggressive
during the past few days, the object
being to separate the Russian army
which has been retreating through the
Pripet marshes from that operating in
Galicia. The latter forces inflicted, so
tne itusslans claim, a rather severe
defeat on the invaders.
The capture of Lutsk, however, is
likely to compel the Russians, despite
their victory, to evacuate that part of
Galicia still held by them; otherwise
their flank there would be seriously
Rnsstans Check Teuton.
Along the rest of the front, except in
the center, where the Austro-Germans
continue to make a slow advance, the
Russians appear to be holding their
own. They have thus far prevented the
Germans from crossing the Dvina at
Friedrlchstadt, where a battle has
been in progress for several days; they
have arrested the German offensive be
tween that point and the Gulf of Riga,
and are still holding their ground be
tween Kovno and Vilna and before
Grodno, although the Germans have ap
proached the outer position of- Grodno
In the opinion of military writers
here, the Russians now stand a good
chance of winning the race for time.
Within a few weeks the Autumn rains
will begin, and it is pointed out, unless
they can succeed in gaining a decisive
result before that time, the Austro-Germans
can hardly hope to smash the
Russian armies before, under cover of
the long Winter, they are re-formed
Teutons Strain Every Nerve.
At present the Austro-Germans are
straining every nerve to win this de
cision, but they have been greatly de
layed by the intensity of the Russian
counter attacks and the stubbornness
with which the Russian troops hold the
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 4.
Wednesday's War MoyUSTEP IS TAKEN FOR
GERMAN submarines will sink no
more Dassens-er nhlna vlthnnf
warning and without the safety of
non-combatants on board being pro
vided for. if thfl sfnatnpr. At nnt trtf
to escape or offer resistance.
-ouut von Bernstorfr. the German
Ambassador, has so notified Secretary
of State Lansing. Commenting on this.
Mr. Lansing declared that the noti
fication appeared to be "a recognition
ot tne fundamental principles for
which we have contended."
Official Washington. Is gratified with
the German ftnnllnr-ptnont u 1 i
tween the United States and Germany
mrougn tne sinking by German sub
marines of American vessels and bel
ligerent vessels on which American
lives were lost.
Continued progress for the Germans
and Austrians along the eastern battle
front Is recorded by Berlin and Vienna.
Lutsk, a Russian fortress In Southern
Volhynla, a short distance from the
Galiclan boundary, has been captured
by the Austrians; the Russians have
been driven Into the outer line of forts
to the west of Grodno, and the strenu
ous resistance of the Russians in East
ern Galicia, which had held up the
forward movement of the Austro-Germans,
has been broken, and the town
of Zborow captured, according to the
Berlin and Vienna official statements.
In the four months' fighting between
the Austro-Germans and the Russians.
1,400.000 Russians, according to the
German official estimates, have been
accounted for. Of these 300.000 were
killed or wounded, the rest being taken
prisoners. This, according to Berlin,
means the obliteration of the entire
Russian troops engaged in the begln
ing of the Teutonic offensive movement
In Poland and Russia, their places hav
ing since been filled by troops with
drawn from other regions and by un
Again the big guns of the combatants
have been doing most of the work on
the western front, but, apparently, with
little damage to either side, as is gath
ered from official reports. On the
Austro-Italian front there have been
artillery duels and here and there in
fr.ntry attacks, but. as on the line in
France and Belgium, no ftains of im
portance are recorded.
Paris announces the capture of the
Island of Ruad. lying in the Mediter
ranean, off the coast of Syria. A Ber
lin semi-official dispatch says an allied
cruiser had foundered off the coast of
Asia Minor, near Smyrna. '
Although there have been unofficial
reports that Japanese probably would
be sent to the aid of the Russians, the
Russian Embassy at Tokio announces
that the Russians have not requested
the assistance of the Japanese.
September 2, 1914.
Belgium commission alleges Germans
war barbarously; reach London on way
to United States.
Faris informed German advance is
Great Britain asks United States to
be prepared to look after British diplo
matic interest in Turkey.
German aviators drop bombs on
German cruiser Nurnberg enters
Honolulu harbor for coal.
LABOR MARKET REVIVES
Cottage Grove Sees First "Men
Wanted" Sign Tor Year.
COTTAGE GROVE. Or.. Sept- 1.
(Special.) For the first time in a year
or more has a sign appeared here bear
ing the legent "Men Wanted." Such
a sign appeared yesterday to obtain
men for the camps of the United States
Logging Company at Rujada. One man
walked clear to Creswell last night to
inform his brother of the good news
and both were here today ready for
Work for the laborer has been scarce
in this section since the lumber mar
ket went to pieces. There are indi
cations of a slight improvement and
there probably will be positions for all
local labor for some time.
'MAN, 66, BURIED, SAVED
Chris TTlrlch Pinioned in Cold Water
for Two Hours by Cave-In.
MEDFORD, Or.. Sept. 1. (Special.)
Chris Ulrlch. of Jacksonville, aged 66
years, a pioneer of the Rogue River
Valley, was buried alive by a cave-in
of a well at his home in the county
seat at 6:30 o'clock tonight and rescued
after he had been entombed for two
The debris completely covered him
and he was pinioned by rocks and dirt
in ice-cold water that reached to his
shoulders. The fact that the first five
feet of the well was bricked saved him
from certain death. He suffered no
WATER BULLETIN ISSUED
Information Regarding Oregon
Streams Obtainable at Salem.
SALEM. Or., Sept. 1. (Special.) In
a bulletin Issued today by State En
gineer Lewis, who worked in co-oper
ation with George Otis Smith, director
of the united states geological survey
the amount of water in the streams of
the state is presented in acre-feet for
283 regular stations, including the max
imum, minimum and mean flow for a
a month in second-feet. A large num
ber of miscellaneous measurements
also are recorded. The information is
in condensed form and Is for the con
venience of persons planning develop
New Postmasters Named.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. Sept. 1. The following post
masters have been appointed: Wash
ington William R. Clough, La Grande,
vice John Blockley, removed; Michael
Smith. Trinidad, reappointed. Idahc
Miss Pauline Forbes, Weippe. vice L. B.
Campbell, resigned. ,
ACTION FOR PEACE
Cardinal Gibbons Is to
See President Today.
WILSON TO BE ASKED TO ACT
Request From Pope to Be
Presented at Interview.
VATICAN SAYS TIME IS RIPE
Success of Negotiations With Ber
lin Over Submarine Warfare
Said to Pave Way lor End
of War in Europe.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 1. A request
made at the White House today on
behalf of Cardinal Gibbons for an in
terview with President Wilson was
regarded as significant In official and
diplomatic circles in view of recent
reports of the Tope's hope to bring
about peace in Europe throuph co-operation
with the heads of neutral gov
ernments. The interview was arranged
for tomorrow afternoon.
Many officials here believe the suc
cess of the negotiations with Germany
over submarine warfare places the
United States In an advantageous posi
tion to bring about an agreement be
tween Germany and Great Britain on
the question of maintaining the free
dom of the seas, which ultimately
may pave the .way to a discussion of
At the White House the object ot
Cardinal Gibbons" request for an inter
view was not disclosed, although It
was indicated that he wanted to dis
cuss the International situation. Mon-
signor William T. Russell, of Washing
ton, made the engagement.
The statement was made here on high
authority that when Cardinal Gibbons
sees the President tomorrow he will
lay before him a request from the Pope
that President Wilson will begin
action for peace. It is declared that
the Vatican has Information that the
time is ripe for such a move and that
the belief is held that action taken
at this time will receive attention In
Europe, which It would not have re
ceived several months ago or even sev
eral weeks ago. The source of the
Vatican's information was not disclosed,
but it is possible that It will be pre
sented to President Wilson at the in
AUTO DRIVER IS THRASHED
F. Wax Offends Edgar Frank When
F. Wax. driver of an automobile
that collided with a machine driven
by Edgar Frank, at Broadway and
Ankeny streets at 3:45 P. M. yester
day, did not know that Frank was a
noted athlete of the Multnomah Club
and a crack wrestler. Consequently he
remonstrated loudly and volubly, blam
ing Frank for the collision.
Frank thought the other driver was
In error, and said so. Words led to
action, and when Detective Captain
Baty arrived on the scene Wax was
on the ground, getting pommeled.
Captain Baty placed both under ar
rest on a charge of disorderly con
duct. CARRIER REPUDIATES FLAG
Postal Employe Suspended for Say
ing He Would Fight America.
SAN ANTONIO. Tex Sept. 1. A
United States mailcarrler at the San
Antonio postoffice, who has been on the
payroll of the Government for the last
?,0 years, has been suspended from the
f:rvice for 30 days without pay by
Postmaster George D. Armistead for
making the alleged remark:
"If the United States and Germany
should engage in war, I would desert
this Government and join the German
The man is of German descent. His
remark was reported to the postmaster
by three other carriers, also of Ger
GERMANS HOLD KAMERUNS
Attacks of French and British In
West Africa Continued.
p5.RJS. Sept L FiKhtlng continues
in the Kameruns. the German colony In
Western Africa which the British and
French have been attempting, since
the early part of the war to wrest
from the Germans.
The ministry of colonies gave out
a statement today announcing further
JITNEY TAX IS UPHELD
Oakland's 60 License Fee Valid
Because Operation Is 'Business.'
OAKLAND. Cal Sept. 1. On the
grounds that the operating of jitney
busses continues a "buyiness." and is
therefore taxable, the Superior Court
today upheld Oakland's JG0 annual
The Fpeclflc case brouirht by Lproy
M- Phillips was instituted to test the
city's ordinance and will be appealed.