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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 24, 1915)
; 1 'x 1 Jlf
VOL. LV NO. 17.082.
MR. TAFT VOICES
PLANS FOR PEACE
Ends Is Aim.
COURT OF NATIONS URGED
Humorous Reference Made to
Western "Freak" Laws.
JOINT BARS ARE PRESENT
After BrW Addreia of Welcosne E-Jmiil-nl
Explains Keeenti? F
tabllahrd League. Winning
ledoraerornt of IIerer.
: A. M Prosecuting t
torya meet. Tyrolean room.
K a. M. General HWloat of
joint bar aao- letlor.a. Library
HaH. Cntrl Library.
j j x. Noon adjournment.
3 P. M. Slou raumd ln
T.J P. M. Staaraer Joseph K al
lege lav foot of Washington
trert for Waverly Country Club.
whr a lawn fete and special
entertainment ha bn arranged-
1:1 P. II. 8lemr leave on
vrond trip to Wavsrly Club.
To mas peac btws nation com
pulsory by making war Impracticable
writ dihonorabl U th plan of
trio Leagu to Knforco Peae aa -plained
by s-PrsWnt Taft befor th
Joint session of tho Washlna-ton and
Onion Bar Assoclatlona at the Malltg
A this plea for world pae waa
triad befor a body of lawy.ra. It waa
prwwnttd la n tck th urn fashion
that an attorney conduct bla argu
anant of a bofor a court. .
Ka. president Taft'a court waa mad
p of all tb delegat to tba bar con
vention, tbelr famltlea and an audience
f lay peopl that tilled the big tbeatr
building to capacity.
ptaa Vila Fever.
Ilia caa waa built up tp by tep;
It we upported by argument upon
araument. and backed up by precedent
after precedent that when be con
cluded, bl hrarere. without mental or
spoken reservation, almoet unanlmoue
y approved the plan of the leacu.
whl-a substantially, la aa follows:
pint To ttblla following the
close of th pr.eent war In Kurope. an
International court composed of all th
nations thst wish to enter, to be given
Jurisdiction to hear and decide all
juesllona rapaM of Judicial solution.
Second To refer all non-Judlclal
juration to a court of conciliation,
stk'h should hav powr to hear
oid-nc. Investigate the cause of dlf
ferenre. mecllat between th parties
and make recommendation for a ettle
Bient. ll Ptedced Art.
Third If any member of th acrse
tnent attack any other member without
pr.Tloag submission of th question at
issue to the International court, all th
other member not a party to tho dis
pute must come to th d'fense of the
Pourth An International congress
koutd meet from time to time to aaree
pom prlmlplr of International law
sot previously established andtoestend
tne principles vf International law by
This." explained Mr. Taft. "1 th
p!aa of th Leagu to Enforce Peace
Mr. Tafl Is rrtWst
W hav had numeroti resolution
tn th past year and bae beard a
lot of :otunce on peac. Now afl that
Is all right, but It doesn't get ua very
-Th purpose of this league I to
prer.nt tho probability of war. and to
ugrst to the eongres of th people
of all nations that eom measure uch
as these be put Into practice."
Mr. Tsft throuah modesty, perhaps
-did not mention that b ha ben
rhoern preetdent of th Leacu to En
force fenca. He pUlnd. however,
th way In which th orsaaliation cam
lo b form.!, bow a company of rp
rssentauv ctttsena met In Independ
vnc Hall In Philadelphia a few months
ago and how the developed the plan
that he presented.
Pveaewt Wir'i ted Awaited.
He made It emphatic thst th leagu
do not propose to mtngl In th pres.
(Dt war. but ventured th cheerful
prediction that aa soon a th war Is
over, the people of all Kurope will
g'.ad'.y sett upon a Man such a thl
r any other that wilt guarantee thst
-famtll will rot b destroyed. anJ
trt wtll relieve the wives, mothers,
sisters and daughters of the frightful
nauny that Is born of the knowledge
that the worst elem.nt of the human
sMrlt Is made most prominent.
II mad It plain thst th Leagu
to t.nforc rac doss not pretend to
at with authority or with any orricial
sn.-tioi from any country, but smiled
as be eald the orcsntsatlon merey
snaintain Its constitutloo-glvn right
f fre thouaht and free speech and
promised that a affair of th nation
proereee It will exerct it "right to
sudieac wae attentive
sied ea Fag X. Caiuatn .
HOLD BELGIUM IS
NOW GERMAN PLAN
MILLIONS BKIXG SPENT OX VAST
Work on Natnur JHorta llcllcvctl to Be
IndlcaUve of Kalarr'g bland on
Future of Kingdom.
Bt JAMM aDONNELL BESStTT.
(Coprrlsfct. 1". br the rblr... Trlbuna
' K.pstiisaed by Arrantem.ot.
COPiaSHAOEX. July Si. Germany
baa expended In leas than eight months
more than U.Oee.OO on th strengtb
enlng of th fortification of Namur.
Tb statement 1 of th first Impor
tance because It Indicate bow exten
sive must be any movement on tb part
of tb aide which baa for It purpose
th ousting of th German from Bel
glum. Thl bug outlay on the fortln
cattons guarding only on of th -ral
Belgian dtlea occupied by th
German army may also afford som
indication regarding Germany- altitude
when questions shall arise concerning
Bel alum's future.
Nemur I on of tb premier fortifi
cations of Belgium. It command tb
fambr and It waa a keypolnt In tb
Important system of defenses designed
for tb protection of th kingdom by
th patrlotlo and farsoelng General
Owing; to tba unwillingness of th
government to make adequate appro
priations this system, which Ml to
have comprehended enormous defenses
In Antwerp on tb north. Liege on tb
east, and Namur on the south, was
only partially worked out. Knough waa
don at Namur. however, to make the
town capable of a superb resistance If
properly commanded. It was not so
commanded wba th German cap
In addition to th work they have
don on th fortresses, th German
military authorities hav established
bureaus In Namur for the assistance
of tb Belgian peasants In farming.
Th duty of on of the bureau Is
to supply horse to the paasanls.
Th Inhabitants of the town proper
seem prosperous and reasonably con
tented. RASH MOTORIST IS KILLED
Youth rrrsiftta In IrtTln; Pa m aged
Car; Brother Escape.
WOODLAND. Cat. Aug. . Refusing
lo heed th warning of hi friends.
Howard Hugbson. 1. attempted to
drive bis automobile with a broken
steering gar over teep mountain
grades yesterdsy and waa killed when
tb machln plunged off th road. His
neck was broken. Carroll Hughson.
hi brother, escaped with minor In
juries. Mis Flora Reich and Miss Hester
Cobb, both of Woodland, who went to
a picnic with tb brothers, had refused
to return with them because the steer
ing gesr had been damaged.
LOG AIR LINE RECORD MADE
Timber Carried In One Day's Ran
Amount lo 155,000 Fret.
KLAMATH PALLS. Or.. Aug. XJ.
(Special.) A record run of 15S.000 feet
of timber vu mad last Wednesday
over tho Algoma Lumber Company's
lift recently constructed over th
mountain north of It plant a few miles,
according to Manager Grant. The lift
Is double-tracked. MOO feet in length
nd extends ovr a mountain 80 feet
Th mill 1 now cutting J.sOO.000
feet of lumber each month and Is
employing nearly tJ men.
PESTS BOOM EGG OUTPUT
Old -Tinier Predicts Krcord Because
of Grasshopper Food Delicacy.
BAKKR. Or, Aug. t J- (Special.)
Grasshoppers, a pest In th John Day
country for years, thl season have be
come a blessing.
Ira U. Boyc. an oldtlm merchant
at John Day. say itg are more plen
tiful than In year because of th
abundanc of this delicacy for th
chicken to feed on. and that the
August record of production will beat
any In It history. The grasshopper
ere more numerous than ever at this
time of year.
OREGON FOLIAGE PLEASES
E. T. MlM-he Tell of Park Superin
A thoroughly successful convention
was that of th American Association
of park Superintendent, held In San
Pranclaco last week, according to E. T.
Mtsche. of Portland, who returned yes
terday, after having been elected the
Many momber present were highly
pleased with what they saw when
passing through Oregon. Poms of th
greatest men In their lln In th coun
try did not real!! th variety of fol
iage w hav In Oregon. They wer
very much surprised and Impressed.
GERMANY TO APOLOGIZE
Attack on Brltli-h Submarine In Neu
tral Water to Be Admitted.
LONDON. Aug. . Germany' eply
to Ienmarh' protest against th firing
on th British submarine E-1J by a
German torpedo-boat while the E-1J
lay grounded on the Danish Island of
fcaltholm. wilt b unreserved apology,
according to Information received by
the xchang Telegraph Company's
correspondent In Copenhagen.
Fourteen British sailors are said to
have ima hUled, la U attavk. .
More Concerted Action
Against Enemies Set
AMMUNITION TO BE RUSHED
Tragic Position of Russia
Brings About New Move.
GUNS AND SHELLS BIG NEED
Japanese Government Even Strip
large Coast Guns From Own
Fortifications; Milps Them
TOKIO. Aur. J J. Premier Okuma to
day was authority for th statement
that Japan has decided to give greater
assistance to Russia to prosecute the
war In th Far East, according to to
day's iaau of th Kokumln Shlmbun.
Th Premier would not discuss details,
but allowed It to be understood that
this assistance would be In the form of
the forwarding of greater supplies of
Count Okuma emphasise th imprac
ticability and Impossibility of dispatch
ing troops to Europe, but point out
that the great advance In the capacity
of the Japanese to m.mnfeclure muni
tions will prove of great help to the
The Premier said Japan plans to send
delegates to the peace conference, al
though It Is not expected to extend her
sphere of Influence to Europe.
Recognition Japan' Alsa.
"Japan wants Europe to recognise
Japan' supremacy In the Orient," he
Th Associated Press learn that
Japan has decided to employ all avail
able governmental and private re
sources for Increasing the output of
munition for the allies, particularly
The Japanese government believes
th tlm lias arrived for more con
certed action against th enemies of
Japan and her allies.
Rosala's Position Difficult.
Th position of Russia In regard to
obtaining war supplies has been one
of unusual difficulty.
Th Russians as a people are not
given to Industrial pursuits, and their
manufacturing plants utilised for. or
adaptable to. the production of guns
and ammunition were manned and di
rected largely by German at the time
the war began. The dispossession of
the powerful German element . In
Russia, which occurred In the early
period of the war. left the nation un
prepared to operate effectively even
the limited number of establishments
at her disposal.
Russia obtained a considerable
amount of supplies from Japan by rail
road, but this course was cut off sud
denly for some time In the gprlng. The
ii'oiiclisU.t on Peg 1. I'rtliimn 1.)
OREGON, TUESDAY. AUGUST 24, 1915.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YEKTERDAT'S Maximum temperature, 8T
decrees; minimum. 64 degrres.
TODAT'S Fair, cooler; westerly winds.
Treaty with Turkey declared to have sesured
Bulgarian neutrality. Pag . .
Germany ipendlnc millions to keep Belgium
In grasp. Page 1.
Japan rushes lo further aid of allies, particu
larly Russia. Pass 1.
President drops bomb Into Wsshlnston De
mocracy eamp when he announces col
lect orahlp appointment. Pas ft.
Secretary atcAdoo ready : to deposit 30.
Ouo.OOQ to protect cotton producers,
l'sge 1. . .
Prime object of army training camp Is
furmatloa of reserve. Psg 2.
Ambassador Oersrd Instructed not to ask
Oerxnany for report on Arabic. Psae 3.
Oregon's prosress in home economics edu
cstlon excites sdmlraUon. Page S.
Arkansss floods msroon thousands, wtth
lives reported loeu Psge 1.
Naps will take back Bates, Is report.
Championship tournament opena on Oear-
. 1 1 -1. l. . 1 '2
Boston Nationals capture third straight game
xrom .m i ut . - .
r.mf.rUI mod Marts.
Oraee a Company charter pacific Mall
steamrr Altec lor Australian wuc.i
War Influences csuse further drop and
i- - i k.. . rk t far. 15.
Heavy trading In U. 8. Steel features day to
K.l-.kiv.l ' - -
1 J .. Vlefrnltv-
Judxes snd Iswvers from msny Northwest
n . l.l.I m t .
cities I loc K mio rwiiiMm
In. Page .
Forecaster declares westhsr Is normal.
Page J. ,
Admiral Wilson appoints regatta staff and
.t - Pa.ii S.
East Side business men hear plan to show
sisie in in i... "
Regulation of automatic elevators to g
before Council. Psge 1C
Plans of Peace Enforcement League ex
plained by Mr. Taft. Page i.
Thirty Judges, here for convention, are
guests st reception, l'sge
Insl.tsnt euffrssists wslt on Mr. Tsft in
vslo. page .
Attorneys, locked In Jail, have adventure
with "madman." Pag .
Fifty Scots Portlsnd guests. Page 11.
BERLIN EXPRESSES REGRET
Py Offered for Danish Steamer
Sunk by Mistake. ,
LONDON. Aug. 23 A dispatch to
Router's Telegram Company from
-The German government ha ex
pressed regret for the torpedoing and
Inking In the North Eea on May 26 of
the Danish steamer Betty, and an
nounced Its willingness to pay for the
"It 1 said by Germany that the sub
marine commander failed to se the
mark denoting Danish nationality on
th steamer and assumed from the
route 'the Teasel was taking that It
waa going to Join the British fleet as
an auxiliary cruiser."
URGE VACATION CONSCRIPT
Physician Would Have All Able Men
Take Military Course.
PLATTSBWRG, N. T.. Aug. 23. A
plan to have all able-bodied men spend
their vacation In military training,
such as 1 being conducted here, was
advocated by Dr. J. H. Flnley, State
Commissioner of Education, in a state
"I should like to see the entire able
bodied male population conscripted for
their vacation time, not for military
preparedness, necessary as that may
be for the time, but for physical, com
munity and economic preparedness,
that we might the better meet to
gether on problems of democracy." Dr.
HOUSANDS CUT OFF
BY FLOOD ITERS
Newport, Ark., Ipco
RESCUE BOATS WITHDRAW
Flood the Most Disastrous in
SITUATION IS MOST GRAVE
White lUver Continues to Rise and
Populuce in Desperate Straits.
Passenger Trains Stalled.
Wire Alone Uolds.
LITTLE ROCK. Ark., Aug. 23. Ffve
thousand people in the town of New
port. Ark., tonight are marooned by
the flood waters of White River.
According to a telephone message re
ceived here, the populace is In desper
ate straits. Eight persons are report
ed to have lost their lives.
The town Is inundated to a depth
ranging from 5 to 12 feet and most of
the population has sought refuge In
the upper floors of the hotels and the
All Levees Give Way.
Because of lecent heavy rains, the
river rose to such an extent that all
the levees protecting the town gave
way early today, letting loose one of
the most disastrous floods In the his
tory of the community.
Two steamboats continued making
trips up and down the river in the
vicinity of Newport and succeeded In
rescuing a number of families from the
roofs of houses, whither they had gone
to escape the flood. Finally the flood
became too great, and the boats had
AU means of communication with
the town, save the telephone wires, has
been destroyed, and it was feared to
night that even before morning the
telephone wire would be gone.
Passenger Trains Stalled.
Several passenger trains are stalled
With food and water supplies almost
exhausted and with many refugees In
the town from other points along the
river, the situation was one which au
thorities here considered grave.
The river, although rising slowly to
night, was expected to begin falling
MISSOURI FLOOD IS RECEDING
Thousands Made Homeless and the
Shortage of Water Great.
ST. LOUIS. Aug. 23. The receding of
the flood of the Meramec River today
failed to substantiate reports to the
Coroner of St. Louis County that 12
persons were drowned Sunday when
the river rose to the highest mark
(Concluded on Paga g. Column .1.)
Mondays War Moves
THE German naval reverses In the
Gulf of Rigs, and the Baltic Sea,
the German success in occupying the
fortress of Ossowetz and a British
n ' battle off the Gorman naval base
ihrusrn vafArria.v furnished a
f new features which tempor
diverted attention from the grav
S of the issues growing out of the
sinking of the White Star line steam
ship Arabic by a German submarine.
Aside from the loss of the German
ships, the naval engagement is regard
ed chiefly Important for the strategic
effect on the land operations in the
German sweep eastward toward Petro
grad, which military observers now
consider as having been checked and
possibly irreparably defeated.
The German center has pressed for
ward steadily until Prince Leopold of
Bavaria is near the Russian new line
of defense, but the military observers
say that the entire campaign hinged
on the vast enveloping movement of
Field Marshal von Hindenburg's forces
in the north, tfhey had succeeded in
pushing far beyond Riga, to Jacob
stadt, on the Dvina; but the Russians'
hold on the Gulf of Riga and of th
great naval base of Riga was a con
tinual menace in Von Hindenburg's
This, the military observers say, led
to the shifting of a number of German
capital ships, including the Moltke,
from the North Sea to the Baltic with
the purpose of controlling Riga and
thus protecting the German land ad
vance on Fetrograd. The result of the
naval battle as gleaned from the offi
cial report appears definitely to have
defeated the German objective.
The capture by the Germans of the
fortress of Ossowetz gives them an
other stronghold, only Grodno and
Brest-Lltovsk remaining in the central
Only meager details have been re
ceived concerning the British bom
bardment of the German naval base at
Zeebrugge and neighboring points on
the Belgian coast. Berlin reports that
40 British ships are engaged in It.
The Paris official communication an
nounces the sinking of a German tor
pedo boat destroyer off Ostend by two
French torpedo boats.
In the West there have been no
notable changes in the battle line.
August 24, 1014.
Russians reported victorious in im
portant six-day battle In Eastern
.Japan formally declares war on Ger
many. Serbians report victory over 'Aus
trians. Industries in the United States
threatened by famine In chemicals.
Ostend frightened over prospective
OFFICIALS TO SEE TORPEDO
Battleships and Destroyers to Go
Through Battle Maneuvers.
BOSTON, Aug. 23. An unusual ex
perience awaits the Governors and
former state executives who are to at
tend the annual sessions of the con
ference of Governors of the United
States, which opens tomorrow. They
are to be the objects of a supposed
torpedo attack In connection with a
review of the North Atlantic fleet off
Boston light next Wednesday.
The Governors are to board the bat
tleship Wyoming, together with Secre
tary of the Navy Daniels. As the fleet
passes before them, one of the de
stroyers will launch a torpedo, the
course of which is to be arranged so
that the Governors may watch it from
its start until its power Is exhausted
before It reaches Its mark. In the
meantime, battleships and destroyers
will go through a series of battle
PORTLAND LOSES MINISTER
Rev. Charles T. Hurd Called to Pas
torate of Klamath Church.
KLAMATH FALLS, Or.. Aug. 22.
(Special.) At a congregational meet
ing held by the First Presbyterian
Church of this city last Sunday even
ing, It was voted unanimously to call
to this pastorate Rev. Charles T. Hurd,
of Portland. Mr. Hurd is now assistant
pastor of the First Presbyterian Church
there. He has Just advised the church
officials here that he will be ready to
take up his duties here beginning the
first Sunday in September.
At present there is but one regular
pastor located in this city and he
presides over the Grace Methodist Epis
copal Church. The Baptist and Chris
tian Church ministers have removed
within the last month.
90 TAKE MILITARY COURSE
Minister and Capitalists Are in Camp
TACOMA, Wash., Aug. 23. Ninety
business and professional men, includ
ing one minister and a half dozen cap
italists, reported for the camp of in
struction for business men in command
of Colonel R. H. Wilson, Fourteenth
Infantry. United States Army, at Cos
grove. American Lake, today.
They will spend three weeks re
ceiving military Instruction from Regu
lar Army officers in a camp like that
at Plattsburg, N. Y.
MOTHER OF 13 IS BURNED
Mrs. J. R. Wyant Dies in Flames
When Clothing Catches Fire.
SUMPTER, Or.. Aug. 23. (Special.)
Mrs. J. R. Wyant, 75, and mother of
13 children, died today from injuries
received when her clothing was caught
In the flames while she was at work
over her kitchen Btove.
All but two of the children are liv
ing. Mrs. Wyant had been a resident of
Sumpter for many years.
Prompt work of the fire department
saved, the home. . .
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
FEDERAL CASH TO
M'Adoo Ready to Lend
$30,000,000 to South.
CONTRABAND ORDER IS CAUSE
Secretary of Treasury Says
Credit Basis Is Object.
ADVANTAGEOUS SALE AIM
Deposits May Be Made In Xationnl
and State Banks in Reserve Sys
tem, With Interest From Pro
ducer Limited to 6 Per Cent.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 23 Treasury
officials tonight made public an an
nouncement by Secretary McAdoo, that
in view of the action of the allies In
putting cotton on the contraband list,
he would, if it became necessary, de
posit $30,000,000 or more in gold in the
Federal Reserve Banks at Atlanta,
Dallas and Richmond for the purpose of
enabling the reserve banks to re-discount
loans on cotton secured by ware
house receipts, made by National banks
and state banks belonging to the Fed
eral reserve system.
The gold would be deposited tempo
rarily, at least, without interest charge.
National Banks May Get Cash.
It was explained that if it appeared
that the object could be accomplished
with greater efficiency thereby the de
posits would be made directly with Na
tional banks agreeing to lend the
money on cotton at a rate not to ex
ceed six per cent.
Secretary McAdoo authorized the an
nouncement from his Summer home at
North Haven. Maine. It came at the closo
of a day's speculation in official circles
as to the nature of the steps which the
entente powers have indicated they will
take to uphold the cotton market In
the face of their contraband order.
Interest Charges Deferred.
"The exercise of discretion given to
him by law." read the treasury state
ment. "Secretary McAdoo said that the Gov.
ernment would for the time being
charge no Interest on these deposits in
Federal reserve banks; that such action
is Justified by the unusual situation
respecting cotton caused by the Euro
pean war; that he considers it his duty
to use every available means in his
power to help the cotton producer of
the South in the circumstances; that
It is a matter of economio importance
to the entire nation that those who
have produced the cotton crop shall
have a fair opportunity to dispose of
it gradually and in orderly manner so
that they may not be forced, through
inability to market their cotton gradu
ally, to sell it at sacrifice prices.
Object Is Explained.
The secretary said that one of his
chief objects was to create a basis for
such enlarged credit in the South that
the banks will have ample resources to
extend to producers such accommoda
tions that they will be able to carry
cotton in warehouses for a reasonable
length of time until it can be marketed
In order to accomplish this, he said
that the National and state banks which
are members of the Federal reserve
system should make loans on ware
house receipts for insured cotton at
low rates of Interest; that the banks
can well afford to carry cotton for pro
ducers at 6 per cent, especially if they
are able to re-discount cotton paper at
the Federal reserve banks at a much
lower rate than 6 per cent; that the
credit resources of the banks of the
country are greater than ever before
in history, and that there Is no rea
son why the banks should not, In co
operation with the merchants of the
South, help the cotton producers with
loans at low rates in the present
Rate tn Board's Hands.
The Federal Reserve Board, the Sec
retary said, had a right to determine
the rate of interest which the Federal
reserve banks can charge member
banks on notes or loans secured by in
sured and warehoused cotton re-discounted
with Federal reserve banks. He
has been unable to consult his col
leagues of the Federal board on ac
count of his absence from Washington,
but feels confident of their co-operation
in every reasonable way.
XOTE MAY UXDERGO CHANGE
Xew Contraband Order Give For
mer Claims Xew Status.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 23. The new
American note to England on Inter
ference with neutral trade probably
will be redrafted because or tne tsriusn
order making cotton contraband.
The note, which had been virtually
completed, now will be altered and
probably will treat at length the ques
tion of the validity, under International
law, of Great Britain's latest action.
While there is no Intention to aban
don the claims for payment for cotton
seized prior to the British order, those
cases now have a different status, and
a complete record of this phase of th
dispute can be prepared and presented.
Cases under the contraband order must
all go before British prize courts, and
tv.rm will bs no informal negotiations
as there have been In connection With
i rn i no n