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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 23, 1915)
TINS srORXIXG OREGOXIAX. MONDAY, AUGUST 23. 1915.
EXCEPT HEAR RIGA
Thousands of Russians Are
Taken Prisoners After
Works Are Stormed.
OFFENSIVE IS PERSISTENT
Hils) Leading to nrrat-Lltovak
Are Croe.ed by Tea ton. I'orcea.
Prcrograd Rrpos-ta Counter
Attack bjr fur'l Army.
LOXSO.V. Aug. Jl The A o.t re
German drive continues practically all
along the line In KuMio. escept near
till. waere I'etroe-rad says lb In
fidtrt have reea held firmly.
Aa official (ninua statement. Issned
"Army group, of FlelJ Marshal von
Hlndeeburg: The army of General von
ftchaora baa made further progrese
eaet M south cf Kovmx In capturing
bjr etorm a poeittoa nortb ff Zuawtnta
Lake S ftuselans were taken prison
era. Tho number of lluestan prisoners
takes In kattlee ml of Tyaoeia baa
been Inereaeetl to more than lie. The
ray of Ueneral van Gallwita la pen
etralia further south of the Nareer
and haa croeeed the Btalvatok-Hrest-Latovsk
railway- Iurlo Ibe paat two
day 11 officer and mora tban JSS
men wer taken prisoner.
flla.a L.ep.ld Aavaaee.
"Array innip of Prince Leopold of
Bavaria. Fighting vtctortouely. this
group croseed the Kleehtsho U-Wy
oka-Breet-Lttovsk railway yesterday.
Uermaa troope drove the opposing
forrea. which aaratr bad attained a foot
bold, oat of thnr poettione early today.
More than 104 prtaonera and a num
ber of machino urt were raptured.
"Armr roup of f ield Marshal von
Mackeneen: Atlacka of Uerman and
Aoatro-iiunerarlan trovpa on branches
of t:ie Koter-Kakulva and the But
above Ocrodnlkl ( well aa tboo bo-
law the Krint are progressing. On the
oouthweatern front of Breet-Utovek
there has been no new. tattles near
and norm of riaica and northeast of
Maaalaaa itrsn ear Rlaa.
The foliowlna- official commuolratlon
haa been revolved from 1'etronraJ:
"Our land front ta flrra In ttie re Ion
f Riga and In the direction of Jacob
badt and Dvlnak. Toward the weat
there haa been Dshtlna- on part of tb
same front. The situation In the rectoa
of WKkomlr also la without osaentlal
"Toward tb weat of Kochevary our
troops continued to bold during Friday
and Saturday tb persistent offensive
of tho nemy.
"V the left bank of the middle N lo
rn n aaj tb upper Uobr there I no
chance- The disposition of our troop
near iiwti on the lower Hohr. the
upper Narew. alone; the Blelak. Wyaoka.
Brest -Lllovsk Hal'.way and alone: the
right baak of tho Bus remain almuat
"ik TrtJay evening the enemy baa
continued to exert ob.ttnato pressure
In the rettt.m of IlieWk and from Vla
to rofhta. but be ba been beld
by our counter-attacks.
K.wt:i; EVTtits ncnxixG town
Gratitude to Cod KirirtTMrd for Fall
NOVi;kHOIEVFK. Roaalan Toland.
Au. :. via Warsaw to London. Aug.
I J. The Herman Kmprror, llh Oen-
eral von lalaenhayen. rhler or start or
te i;errr.an army: Kleld Marshal von
Ctndenburs. t.eneral v.n Heeeler and a
br'.tilant suite today entered th attll
' burning town of Nvvoa'eorslevak.
f:m;irr William, prior to bis on
trance, reviewed In parade part of th
troop ahlib took the fort.-esa In a
ahort eUht-d.iy eleae.
Th Hmeror wltne.e. the rrd
from the crest of the NovoKenrilevnk
fnrt amid cannon and barbed-wire en
lacrlemen:. lie ecree-i sratttude
to tithj. who. be aatd. had helped lb
trooc aa4 would furtlier help them,
and thanked the rren for thetr iccrtm
ptiihm.nl. The Kmperor. who tood
Dfir t Aaaoctated lrraa correpnd
enC. ar-peare-i to bo freeti and atronic.
tfcaplte bl ariuous dutiea.
After the ja-:vle. the correanond
ert entered Novo.eorzievnk. whrro
tre and uprtte everywber wrr
burn.nc The Kuaian apparently In
tf-nieU to take evrrthlnr away, but
the r!rivxd brl.lj? broke down unler
r.iim. it. mniLiu . n.i . i reat la th breakdown of th labor law
GREAT GERMAN WARSHIP REPORTED DESTROYED BY RUSSIAN'S.
3S n .vsf i iv
. ' a
. e j - - . a- v..-. j..a e
I ItTTLG (miSER MOLTKE, a.tO irESE O BOARD HER WHES HUB WAS IX ULDSOX HIVEIt IX 1U12. I
...e.a ! ieiaiiiiiiiii'''Ttiii ,TI
UNREST IS ANALYZED
Probers Agree Inheritance
Tax Is Partial Remedy.
BLAME IS HELD DIVIDED
Kmprojrr' Urprenicntatlvra Say
Many Kniployrrs Hire Do
Wronc, bat That Labor Also
Mnt Auamc Its Share?.
irori!isxt m-m rirt ra.
tattnc a cfr.. of the fortrea.
tvimn officer aatd the victory hero
wa con.H.rrd more notable becaueo
tho hletnc fore waa ima'.l'T tban
trta rvrrlion and coneie.d In ffreat part
of reeerveo. net Aral lino troop. It
waa aaid that ineral von Itceeter bad
com parvttvelr Itttl Infantry covering
hta heavy artillery.
Tbo reference la thie dlepatra to
General von I'eeeler if beinc In com
inan4 -during tl aieae of Antwerp ra
mi' a report puhUhd In a London
newspaper laat letober to tho effect
that t-'e coniueror of Antwrn had
land th dlrtruat of our municipal. tat
and National a-overnment on tb part
tit a larii portion of our people." Th
report outline a plan for remedying
condition through th Inatltutlon of a
permanent "Induatrlal commlaalon and
adviaory council" with comprnlv
eleaployeea Obleetloaa " ameaarlaed.
7bo Welnatock report dleaeot from
th recommendation that th econdary
boycott abould b lefallied: finds that
employe bav many Jut riievancoa,
and are thoroughly juatifled In oriran-
h.t and killed himeetf In hi room all Ulna. It explain th prim objection
riru. t ner waa no connrmation or
thia. However, there ha been no men
tion In new. !irat-ne of th activity
Of general Von i'.eeeler In any of the
nmfiltm ur to the time of th fall of
"rvceorclev.k. Tb Xovoeeorcleveb
o'.rat h apparently clear np on of
the rri;!r mtrir of th war.
ROUMAMA ISJjEAR CRISIS
f.erniaaj nrportnl to Have Sent VI
llmalana oa War Material.
tWPOS. Auc. It A Reuter
pat. from Mofia. Hulsarla. aay:
"1'rivat advicea from Bucbaroat aay
It la feared that Germany haa cent
an ultimatum to Roumanta recardir.c
the rOt to transport munition of war
for Turkey throuarh B"uman.an torn
lory. Th Koumaaian Cab:net ta firmly
re.otved not to cram thi permission.
"A larje nember of car laden with
war material haa been held up at F're
d'al a villa near the Tomo Pasa.
where. It la report 4. Roumanian
Iroep. are ronrtn tra t tna. Treopa alo
are maaetac at Jaaav. about t mile
aortheaat of Bucharest, and the petro
leum reciun bav been heavily gar-rlaoned.
Railroad Ask Aimamrol IVlay.
NOrTH TtKIHA. Wh, Au !.
f Special. -Taa Commi.atoaer alurray.
of th Northern I'actftc. haa aaked
postponement of action on tho matter
cf aaaeoament of mineral, oil and r
nchts In railroad landa which hav
been eold by th railroad company,
avtna that tb company desire to
Inform ttaif recardina: th valu of
aiarh rlcbt reserved by It. On those
that aro valuable, th company prob
ably wt.I pay taaea. In other rase It
ul anitelatsa ta th praoent owners
of tho land.
moloeer hav to recocnuina ana
deealinc with orcanlted labor a fol
low: Sympathetic strike, jurisdic
tional dispute, labor anion politics,
contract-breaklnc. restriction of output,
prohibition of th use of nonunion
mad tool and materials, closed ahon,
contest for uprmacy between rival
union, arts of vlolenc against non
union worker and th properties of
employers, and apprenticeship rules.
Th Manly report proposes that th
proceed of tb Inheritance tax ahall b
devoted by th Government to educa
tion, other social service and th devel
opment, la co-operation with e la tea
nd cttiea. of great eonatuctlva worka.
Th following ucctlon mad
toward solution of tb land question:
1 Vicotous and nnreleotla proeecatlen to
rtitn ai; lanO. vittr power and mineral
r .M. secured from the Uovernment by
'"" eeaeral retsan of land laera. so
to ! to all future land (rente the doc
trine of -superior ose." as In trie case of
air riht In i atKornia and provision for
turreitu-e in case of actual aon-uae.
j. T:e fsrctnc of all unused land lnt nee
minim trie i on eon-proauctlre the
sjme a. on productive land of trie same
aicd. and easmptln ail Improvements
-Dental of Jaallee" Dlweaicl.
It la recommended, under th bead
ing -:enlal of Jnstlc." that a Federal
animlmnt ta th Constitution be
adopted further protecting th prlv
tles of th writ of habeas corpus.
Jury trial, fro speech, speedy trial and
freedom from eseoesiv balL Th
courts. It Is declared, shall b prohib
ited from declaring legislative acts
Tb Commons rport declare that
recommendation for additional legisla
tion would b futil. until method are
provided for making enforceable th
law now oa th atatute book, through
tb creation of administrative machin
ery that will bo entirely removed from
Sewial Welfare Fang neeeeaaBeaded.
To remedy th condition criticised,
th report recommenaa th creation
I of a Federal fund for social welfare.
maintained by an Inheritance tax on
lnrge fortune and administered by a
commission on Industrial relations,
aided by an advisory council composed
of repreaentstlves ot employers and
On of the most Important functions
of the proposed Industrial commission
would be to deal with industrial dis
putes between employers and employes.
The provision of th New lands act. now
confined to railroad operation In inter
state commerce, would be extended to
all Industry ot an Interstate character.
On the question of boycotts and dam
age suits, th report Indorses th pro
vision of th Clayton act. but In view
of tb doubtful constitutionality of
that measure. It recommends the wppli
cation of. the Britlah trades dispute
act- Th report holds that as employers
now have practical Immunity from
punishment for maintaining blacklists.
Isbor tshould have the right to consti
tute boycota, either primary or sec
ondary, without being liable to prose
Tax a Fortaaea Graduated.
To provide fund for the maintenance
nf the Industrial Commission and fur
ther social welfare, without Increasing
taxation of the people, th report
recommends an Inheritance tax on larg
fortune. The rat of th inheritance
tax Is graduated from 1 per cent on
the evceaa of 1-5.000 fortunes left to
direct heirs, to IS per cent on fortunes
of ovsr 11.000.000 Th tsx on estatea
going to distant heir I greater.
Th Inheritance tax proposed would
b collected by th Federal Govern
ment through existing machinery that
collect th Income tax. and a portion
would b turned over to each state. Th
various states now collect a sum equal
to about 1:5.000.000 In Inheritance
taxes, but the rate Is low In some
states. By Increasing the rate as pror
posed It Is estimated that a fund of
1:00 000.000 a year would be collected,
of which tSO.000.000 would b returned
to th various states.
Th principal of this fund It I pro
posed to Invest In homes for working
men, hospitals, rural credits for farm
ers and such other purposes of a social
oatur as would Insure an Income.
Indaatrtal Edaeattoa Oatllaed.
On matters pertaining to Industrial
education, th Industrial Commission
would appoint on the advisory council
representative educators and person
Interested In the promotion ot Indus
Th report points out the great diffi
culties which th labor union have In
disciplining the foreign element In their
ranks. It pointa out that the laoor
unions are tb greatest Americanising
agencle In th country, and recom
mends substantial restrictions In Immi
gration. In addition to the work of
the trade anions In Americsnlxtng Im
migrant, the report recommends ths
us of public scnwols as social canters.
To Improve conditions In agricultural
communities the report recommends a
combination of the Irish and Austral
aalan land laws. It recommend that
corporations And labor unions alike
be removed from the control of politics.
It rs that the Industrial Commission,
with Its advisory council and civil serv
ice rules, the Initiative, referendum and
limited recall, proportional representa
tion, direct primaries and antl-lobbying
legislation, would accomplish this pur
pose, which is essential before any
permanent remedy can be effected.
GERMAN SHIP LOST
Battle Cruiser Moltk'e and Ten
Others Destroyed in Battle.
Ctiolce Pears to Bo Canoed.
HOOD RIVER, Or, Aug. !J. (Spe
cial.) A portion of th Hood River
pear crop, . appraise J by Inspectors ot
the Apple Growers' Association as one
of the best grown In the apple district,
will be canned this year by the Hood
River Canning Company. The canners
will spend this week In putting up a
fancy pear product.
DESCENT ON COAST FAILS
Four Bargeloads of Soldiers Said
to Have Been Annihilated and
Barges Captured by Troops
(Continued From First Page.)
the Kussian fleet are selling as fast
ss they can be printed. The people fill
the streets, talking In groups, con
gratulating each other and even cry
ing for Joy. .
The German fleet In the Baltic says
the correspondent. Is still strong-. In
spite of the whipping it has had.
There are eight battleships and nine
cruisers left, but this reported defeat,
in which the British destroyers are
said to have played a useful part.
must at all events delay operations.
It has put fresh heart In the Kus
sian fleet and in the nation and has
come just at the moment wben good
news waa needed.
GERMAN'S LEAVE GULF OF RIGA
Russian Destroyers In Black Sea De
stroy Over 100 Turkish Boats.
PETROGRAD, Aug. 12. via London.
An official communication Issued to
The German fleet has left the Gulf
"Our destroyers In the Black Sea
hav sunk mors than 100 Turkish
Liner Lapland Safe In Fort.
NEW YORK. Aug. 22. The White
Star Line announced here today that
the steamer Lapland had arrived at
Liverpool at A. M. today. This an
nouncement dispelled fears in shipping
circles that the steamship had met
avtth mishap while passing through the
DEATH LIST GROWS;
HUNDREDS IH PERIL
Meramec Spreads Miles Out
and Scores May Drown
Near St. Louis.
MANY HOMES DESTROYED
Attempts to Rescue Refugees From
Treetops Fail and More Than
2 000 Are Homeless in One .
ST. LOUIS. Aug. 22. The Meramec
River, lined on either side of Its banks
with pleasure resorts, clubhouses and
Summer cottages, went several miles
nut .of Its banks today, swept away
most of the buildings and increased to
20, it Is reported, the number of lives
lost In St. Louis County as a result of
the flood which followed th recent
rain storm here.
The Meramec began rising at the rate
nf a foot an hour early today, and to-
nitrht was still xolns up. Hundreds of
persons had been marooned in club
houses and cottages along the river by
the first rise several days ago, foliowlna-
a 40-hour rainfall, and hundreds
of others had gone to the river today,
hoping It would recede and permit them
to rescue relatives ana xrienas.
Maay Persona Mlaslnc.
Six persons were said to have been
drowned at Valley Park and two at
Meramec Highlands today, but details
were not available early tonight. Many
other persons were missing and the
fear is expressed by county officials
that the death list may aggregate sev
eral score persons.
Approximately 9000 feet of track on
the St. Louis A San Francisco near
Moselle was washed out by the Mera
mec At S o'clock It was reported tnat
the Meramec was five feet higher than
ever before in Its history. The water
rose so rapidly that hundreds of per
sons had time only to climb to tree-
tops. Efforts to rescue, these, even
with the aid of high-powered motor-
boats, was impossible in many cases.
Appeals were sent tonight and hun
dreds of volunteers immediately re
Flood Stop Rescue Boats.
Boats are being rushed to the Mera
mec by train. Powerful motorboats
attempted to enter tho Merameo from
the Mississippi River into which the
smaller river empties, but they were
blocked by the high waters.
Unconfirmed reports said that every
building on either side of the river
from Clinton to Pacific, a distance of
35 miles, had been carried away by the
flood. In Valley Park alone 2000 fam
ilies have been made homeless.
The river now is two and one-half
miles wide at Valley Park and Meramec
highlands and four miles wide at Cres
The flooded area Is estimated at 100
square miles. Telephone and tele
graph lines to almost all towns in this
district are down.
- Worse conditions prevail at the
mouth of the Meramec, where it is
feared the loss of life will be heavy.
Thousands of refugees from the flooded
districts are being housed in churches.
hotels and other public buildings
nearby. Cots and food are being sent
to th scene from St. Louis,
NEW TRENCHJS DEVISED
Holland Prepares to Utilize Water
as Means of Defense.
THE HAGUE. July 31. The War De
partment of the Netherlands has de
veloped a new trench for use in the
marshy parts of the country where, in
case of invasion, tne khibi "j1"
might be expected.
A great deal of Iignting migni lane
place upon the endless tracts or
meadows whicn lie an arouna mo cap
ital of the kingdom. ine trencnes
which will be constructed will be ar
ranged In such a way that at a mo
ments notice they can oe turneu iniu
In the warfare in ranee ana ltus-
sia a conquered trench means an aaaea
strength for the enemies, who imme
diately turn the trench into a fortress
of their own. The Dutch trenches.
when It is necessary to abandon mem,
will almost automatically Decome a
deep, flooded ditch which will be of no
use to anyone.
VENIZEL0S ACCEPTS POST
Auto Harts Eugene Man.
M. L. Canton of Eugene. Or., suffered
a fractured rib last night when he was
struck by an automobile at Broadway
and Stark streets. The man was taken
to the Oood Samaritan hospital.
LONDON, Aug. 22. Eleutherios Venl-
aeloa accepted the post of Premier of
Greece, after a conference today with
King Constantino, which resulted in a
perfect understanding between them.
The King congratulated M. Venlzelos,
who will take the oath tomorrow.
Athens is enthusiastically celebrating
M. Venlzelos' return to power.
This information is contained In a
Reuter dispatch from Athens.
In addition to the premiership, M.
Venlzelos will take charge of the min
istry of foreign affairs.
Crawfish to Be Fed to Troat.
KLAMATH FALLS. Or., Aug. 22.
(Special.) Henry Stout, deputy state
game warden, and Frank Ankeny, of
this city have secured 000 crawfish:
from the Sprague and other rivers of
the county for food for the Crater Lake
trout. Ten thousand nngernngs iruni
Lake Tahoe, in California, have also
k.h secured to nlant in the lake to
supplement the stock of fish there.
Newport Dentists Arrested.
NEWPORT, Or., Aug. 22. (Special.)
Nea-nort'a three dentists were arrest
ed yesterday pn a charge or practicing
without state licenses. At the prelimi
nary hearing it was learned that one
dentist had a license dui nan u i
file it. The other two pleaded "not
guilty" and were bound over to the
grand Jury and then released on their
Mr.Tir.tj cirTimr jidt"
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EVER Y MUSDAV
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973 W illamette St. En gene, Oregon.
Sod and Thnrmaa St. Portland, Oregon.
Oregon City. Or.
M AR, Medford, Oregon. COSEi, Woodburn, Oregon.
NATION At. Seaside, Oregon.
TIVOLI BI7 Williams Ave. Portland, Oregon. .
IDEAL -'3d and Thnrmaa St. Portland, Oregon.
BULL THEATER Ilwnco, Wash.
Sl'Alt Condon, Oregon
ORPHEl'M, Baker, Oregon. COSEI", Woodbnrn, Oregon
SAVOY, Central Point, Vr.UEX, Cottage Grote, Or.
lltJIOI.KIt '1'HEATEK W heeler, Oregon.
SKAVlKIV THKATElt Seavlew, Wash.
TIV OLI 017 llllama Ave. Portland. Oregon.
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PA I. ACT?
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$10,000 FOR A SUGGESTION
Theatre awa beak these filaas br applrinc to:
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183 OAK ST.. PORTLAND. OREGON.
WAR ON BEETLE ADVISED
PORTLAND SHOULD FIGHT ELM
TREE PEST, SAYS PROFESSOR.
Entomologist at. Oregon Agricultural
College Gives Formula for
Spraying Trees tu Cltr,
OREGON AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE,
Corvallis. Aug. 22. (Special.) "Steps
to check the ravages of the elm leaf
beetle are being taken in Portland and
every citizen should render all possible
assistance," said Professor H. F. Wil
son, entomologist of the Oregon Station.
In other places where the beetle nas
established itself - hundreds of fine
trees have been destroyed before the
seriousness of the situation was realized."
In response to the questions of the
best control methods Professor Wilson
said that the first thing is to protect
the foliage of the trees. This can be
done by spraying them with arsenate
of lead, three pounds to 60 gallons of
water, preferably as soon as the leaves
appear in the Sprins. A second appli
cation may be made when the second
brood appears in the Summer. The
mature larvae when full-fed crawl
down the tree and gather in vast num
bers in various hiding places on the
inwer trunk and around the base of the
tree, where they are readily destroyed
with a 5 per cent oil emulsion of kero
sene or crude oil. sprayed on trunk and
Although no reports of this oeetie
have been received from places outside
of Portland, recent investigations by
the college department in connection
with the county fruit inspectors, show
that the insect is doing enormous dam
age to elms in certain streets in this
HEALTH DEPUTIES NAMED
Dr. David X. Koberg Is Covering
State of Oregon.
Dr. David N. Roberg, who was elected
state health officer to succeed Dr. Cal
vin S. White, is appointing deputies in
the different towns of the state under
the provisions of an act passed by the
last Legislature. Previously the state
health officer compiled his vital sta
tistics from data furnished him by the
city and county health officers.
Dr. Roberg probably will be engaged
in the work six weeks or two months
longer. Until he shall have completed
the covering of the state Dr. Calvin S.
White will continue actively as state
$100 DEMANDED FOR $1.70
Villa Money Drops to Lowest Kbb
In Revolution History.
EL PASO, Aug. 16. Money dealers
are losing faith in the Villa cause.
Villa's currency was quoted recently
in El Paso at $1.70 per $100. the lowest
figure any Mexican faction money
has reached during the revolutionary
V f .A" :!'
- . i
The wonderful dancer, appears
this week in new dance crea
Ye Oregon Grille
"No Cooler Restaurant in Portland"
In addition, Babe Fowler returns
to enchant our guests with new
dances and songs, after two
years on the 'big time" vaude
There'll be more now faces this week
MISS LEAH BYBEE
and girls will sing in costume "Who'll Take Care of the
Harem When the Sultan Goes to War?"
Exceptional dinners enjoyable from every angle
served every evening from 5:30 to 8:00 for $1. A la
carte at all hours.
Ye Oregon Grille
Hotel Oregon, M. C. Dickinson, Manager
Broadway at Stark
When in Seattle Stop at Hotel Seattle .
The Time to Insure
Is Before It's Too Late!
Tomorrow May Be See the .
New England Mutual Life Insurance Co.
Today It's Safest!
Gen. Agt, Northwestern Bank Bldg.
i J Park. West Park, Near Washington &JsbA
Fanchon the Cricket
Today Till Wednesday