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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 20, 1915)
PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY. AUGUST 20, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
VOL. IAV-NO. 17.079.
ARABIC IS SLINK
White Star Liner Has 26
Americans on Board.
DEATH UST BELIEVED 32
Onfy Six of Passengers Miss
ing: Third Engineer Among
.i Those Thought Lost.
TOTAL ON BOARD IS 423
Vessel Is Attacked Without
Warning. Westward Bound.
Off Irish Coast.
LONDON. Aug. 2. Th biff White
Star Lino steamer Arabic, formerly a
fsTorrto ship of th Liverpool-Bout on
aorviro. bat which on her present trip
u on th way to New York, was
torpedoed and sunk by a German sub
marine at 9:15 o'clock Thursday morn
ing southeast of Fastnct.
The steamer, according to a state
ment of the White Star Line, was at
tacked without warning; and went
down in II minutes Of tha 4-3 per
sons on board l?l passengers and
.U members of the crew 32 are
musing anj are believed to have per
ished. Sis Paanengrrs Are Missing.
Mont of thone who h e not been ac
counted for belong to the crew. Only
six of the passengers are reported
There were only 24 citiiens of the
I'nited State on hoard. heina- in
the second cabin and four in the steer
are. The Arabic carried no first-class!
rasserirers. bavin r lately been turned
into a two-class liner.
Survivors Reach Qurenstown.
The survivors left the steamer in
the ship's boats and were picked up
later by passing vessels, arriving- in
Queenstown tonight- They are being
accommodated by the White Star Line
In hotels and boarding-houses in the
little town, which so short a time ago
cared for the survivors and the dead
of the Lusitani.
Details of the sinking of the Arabic
are lacking, but that the loss of life
was not greater doubtless was due to
the fact that the weather was fine and
that steamers plying in th German
submarine war tone now keep their
boats swung out and otherwise are
prepared for emergencies.
Submarine Marksmanship A cm rite.
The torpedo that sank the Arabic
struck her on the starboard side, 100
feet from the stern.
The vessel had left Liverpool
Wednesday and taken a southerly
course, well off the Irish Cfa.it, doubt
less with a view of avoiding the sub
marines, which frequent the waters
nearer the shore.
When some 50 miles west of where
the Luitania was sunk in May, the
German underwater boat rose to the
surface and launched a torpedo. The
marksmanship of the Germans, as in
th case of the Lusitani. was deadly
accurate and. like the Lusitanta. the
big liner quickly settled down and
shortly di.vppeared from view. Some
of the survivors, according to report
received here, say that they had just
witnessed the torpedoing of a British
steamer, presumably the Dunstey, and
that this had caused great alarm on
board th Arabic. In their fright the
passengers had rushed for life pre
servers and had barely adjusted them!
. . .
when th German submarine turned
its torpedo against the vessel's side.
Lifr beats Quickly Launched.
Ten lifeboats and several life rafts I
were quickly got ever the side of the
steamer and into these a large num
ber of the passengers and members of
the crew scrambled. Many of the
passer j-ers. however, fell into the wa
ter, but they got hold of the rafu and
later were rescued. One woman who
fell into the sea screamed pitifully for.
he'p. Two sailors swam to her as
sistance and succeeded in lifting her'
upon a raft.
Amcng those who were rescued:
were: Captain Will Finch, commander I
ef the Arabic, all the deck officers,!
the chief engineer, the surgeon, the;
parser, the assistant purser, the chief'
tCaauaae Fags Coluraa 2)
TEAM TO VICTORY
BILLT SCNDAT STARTS 4J-TO-1
MX) RE Ton 3UXISTEKS.
Hood River Bankers 'Are Defeated
In t'nlque Rati Gam. Played With
Tbfrroororlrr Registering 94.
HOOD RIVER. Or, Aug. II. (Spe
cial. ) Tb presence of Billy Sunday.
mho play.d hi. old position la cnlr
field. vk.ro to was making a rputa
lioa with lb Chicago Whit. Hox at th.
tint of Ma conversion, waa th. Inspire
tloa of a lua of Hood River mlola-
t.ra, who today d.feat.d tha Hood
l:iv.r Bank.ra' t.am. 41 to 1. la on.
of th. boh onlqu. baseball cam.. vr
fr!aad la Hood RlTtr.
R.t. Mr. Sunday mad a lb first Bit
and tha flrat acora for hi team. Six
of tha total maa war marked to bta
credit, and a fir never Mcaped him.
Th. fcal oa tha open diamond waa
l.rrlfle. tha thermometer registering
tl degree In tha sun. Oaa of tha raln
i.t.rs. Kv. W. P. KUk, waa overcoat
for a time.
tt MI. ha praplr.d frly. tha noted
.v.ngcllsl waa apparently aa (rash
when ha entered hi. aatomoblla to re
turn to bis Od.ll boroa aa wh.n ba b
f aa tha asm.
PORTLAND HASWARM DAY
Mercarjr Ilearbe Irrgree and
Humidity la High.
Yesterday was August's hottest day.
so far. a maximum teinperatora of
harm bean registered at 3 o'clock,
and tha thermometer continued at that
point until aft.r 4 o'clock. This was
not th botteat day for tha Summer,
however, aa even li degrees bavins;
bean registered by th. Weather Bu
reau thermometer last month. Humid
ity waa bleh slerdy. official records
Hourly temperatures yesterday are
given by th Weather Uuraa.u aa fol
ft A. M ai It !....
a A. i I r.
t a. M e- s l". VI
r- s p. at. .
T4 I P. M .
To a r. at..
to A. V..
II A. at..
SMOKE LAID TO SLASHINGS
Officials Say Hase Over Cily
Doe to Forest lire.
(ttnoke that haa clouded Portland
skies for the past few days la not
tha rasurt of forest fire, according to
1 officials of tha Forestry Department
I In their opinion most of th smoke
comes from private slashings, that are
burned In tha driest weather by farm-
era close to town.
No bis fires have bean reported to
th forestry officials of this district
for several weeks. Several small flraa
resulted from a recent electrical storm
In th Cascade range, but only one haa
Sained any headway.
WHISKY MADE IN" PRISON
Potato and fruit Concocllou Is Bar
tered for Tobacco.
STOCKTON. CaL. Aug. 1. Edward
Brown, ex-convict, sentenced to four
yeara In Kan yu.ntlo for burclaxy by
Judge Norton today, explained on tha
w Itn.ss-stand that a certain kind of
whisky la made and sold resularly
within the walla of Folsom and San
Quentln prisons. Tha Juice of potatoes
and fruiie ar used In preparing tha
concoction, ha say a.
Tha beverase la tradAJ to offenders
for chewing; and smoking tobacco.
Urnwn. three montba ao. finished a
to-)ear term at Kolaom.
SHIP TRIMMINGS ARE FUEL
Itrltloh tVeiglitcr's Coal Is I'aed Vp
erral Data Front Port.
HONOIA'IX". T. IU Aug. Three
data late and burning; tha wooden trim
mings from her devks to keep up steam
In her boilers, the Brlllaft freighter
Calliope came into port today. De
layed by rough weather, th Calliope
ran short of coal several daya ago, and
fma-ly In captain resorted to nsing
parts of th .re trimmings.
Th Calliope Is bound for New Tork
with hemp from Cebu. Philippine
I'lands. by way of tha Tananva CanaL
She was Zt daya In making- Honolulu.
FRANCIS JOSEPH IS 85
German Jtulrr aud Princes Send
Telegrams of lYIcudshlp.
AMSTERDAM. Aug. II. via London.
Aug. It. Tha 5th birthday of Emperor
Francis Joseph waa celebrated today In
'.. . " .,, ..
Vienna and Berlin. Emperor W llllam
and all the German princes sent tele
grams to the ruler of Austria-Hungary
a,uritin warm and nnheeakahl
fn.ndshlp "In the good and bad for
tunes of tbe war."
Emperor William ordered that the
Austrian flag be dlspla)d In all Ger
STROMBOLI IN ERUPTION
!ava Forms Lake of Fire De-tween
Crater aud Sea.
, . ,
MESSIXA, Sicily, via Taris. Aug. 19.
Tne ch(.f .i4nal officer at th. Island
of stromboll reports th. eruption of a
large quantity of 4ava from Stromboll
Te"in Tb. lav Is forming a lake of
nr between the craters and the s.
Th, .mission of lava is accompanied
by loud detonation aad clouds of
B m ok
Incident Regarded as
Violation of Rights.
LANSING'S NOTE IS RECALLED
"Deliberately Unfriendly" Is
ACTION IS IN ABEYANCE
Drastic Steps Improbable) If No
American Live Lost Other,
wise Diplomatic Relations
May B Severed.
WASHINGTON. Aug. I. News of
th torpedoing of th British steamer
Arabic, of tha Whit Star Una. with
Americana on board, cam as a shock
to officials of tha United Statea Gov
eminent, who bad hoped sine th dla
patch of the last American not there
would b no further aggravation of
an already tens situation between tha
United Statea and Uennany.
Official Information waa meager, and
It waa only through preaa dlapatobes
that It waa heard her that tha vessel
waa torpedoed without warning. While
It waa recognised that a canvass of the
survivors might reveal that no Amer
ican Uvea were lost, th torpedoing
without warning of a vesael carrying
Americana liae itaelf bean pronounced
by th United Statea Government aa a
violation of Its rights, which. If re
pealed, would be regarded as "dellb
L-a Y .rrfs KcewlledU
In th last not to Germany, which
It waa generally accepted waa th final
word on th princlplea of tha question
from th United States, Secretary
Lansing used th following language
In referring to vlolatlona of American
rights In th war sona:
-Friendship Itself prompt It (th
United Statea Government) to aay to
th Imperial government that repetition
by Ui commander of German naval
vessels of acts In contravention of
those rights must b regarded by the
Government of the United Statea, when
they affect American citizens, as de
DlplasaatJe Raptar Possible.
What th course of the United States
would b no official would predict,
because of th absence of detailed in
formation. It must bo established au
thoritatively whether any warning was
given and whether the vesael attempt
ed to escape. If no American Uvea were
lost. It waa thought In most quartera
tonight that drastic steps were im
probable; but In th event Americans
were drowned, a rupture of diplomatic
relations was everywhere discussed as
The attack on tbe Arabic came with
out official Intimation from Berlin that
submarine commanders would persist
In torpedoing; ships without' warning, j
(Continued on Pag.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature to
degrees; minimum. as cegr.es.
TODAY'S Friday fur. northerly winds..
N.w York office, of lin. wholly unpre
pared for am, Pag 2.
Whit. Ktar liner Arabic sunk by submarine
Washington, .hocked by disaster, await da
tum rag. x.
List of American survivors flTfln. Fag. S
Cardinal Beraflne Vannotelll dies.
Germans continue pursuit of
Dead and missing In Texas number 239.
David B. Johnson' elected president of Na
tional Education Association, page a.
Eilhq Root elected president of American
Bar Assoclsllon. Page ft.
Published reports of friction m Oregon
building declared untrue, page 14.
Coast League results: Portland 3t Salt Lak.
1. Vernon 3. Oakland 0; San Francisco
10, Xjo Angeles ft. page 12.
Despite speed loss, Matty heida hope.
Johnston loses In great tennis matca.
. Ferlfle Xortbweai.
Billy Sunday leads ministers' ball team to
43-to-lo victory. Page 1.
Spokane has 1ft announcd candid. tea for
three piacea in city council, page ?.
Cesnmeretal aad Maria.
Spot wheat rests at SS cents at Pendleton.
lowest price or year. Pa. 17.
War stocks drop two to fire points on news
ot cisasler. rsg. li.
Good crop reports and news of Arabic cause
wheat to sag. Pag. 17.
New PSrr-ateCormirk company expects
steamers at Portlsnd from San s'nsn-
clsco every other day. Page 14.
Psrtlaad aad V trinity.
Congressional cemmltte. learna of plana to
atllls. Columbia, fag. l.
S. ' Benson flcee from entertainments at
fair. Page 11
Schonl Board Is considering veteran janitor's
Chamber sets "Dollar day" for September
23. Pag. 4.
Nation's lawyers Invited to Oregon-Washing'
too sessions. Pas. 13.
0.-W. R. A N. may start grade ellm Ina-
tion work by September 1. Pag. 14.
Fuss over Jitney law is due to break In
Council today. Page 13.
Head of Insurance Association says liquor
more cosily to llf. than war. Page 11.
Waather report, data and forecast- Page 17.
Newsboys Inspect each nook of prison ship.
Judge's charge only due before Cashier
esse goes to Jury, rage a.
ADMIRAL IS BOMB TARGET
Military Governor of Shanghai Hal
SHANGHAI, China, Aug. 19. An un-
eucceasful attempt to assassinate Ad
miral Tsen Ju Cheng, military governor
of Shanghai and director of th Kl
angnan arsenal, by means of a bomb
waa made last night. .
The Admiral waa at the China mer-
cbntg' wharf At midnight bidding fare
well to his wife, who was leaving for
Tien-Tsin. when the bomb was thrown.
narrowly missing Its mark. The bomb
exploded with a deafening' report, but
the Admiral waa not injured. - His rick
shaw coolie was seriously hurt
SWISS MAKING MUNITIONS
Britain and Germany Hoth Arc Said
to Have Placed Orders.
GENEVA, via Paris. Aug. 19. The
Lausanne Gazette says that the English
government has recently placed large
orders for ammunition, especially shells.
with Swiss factories, aupplying the raw
material to tbe Swiss through France,
and that Swlsa watchmakers by thou
sands are engaged In making the more
delicate part of projecitlea.
Germany, th Gazette aays, likewise
aa placed orders for munitions with
HIS ANSW ER,
259 ARE DEAD AND
MISSING IN TEXAS
Remote Points Report
19 DIE IN RAZED LIGHTHW
Houses 100 Miles From Coast
Are Wrecked by Wind.
MANY SUFFER EXPOSURE
Sailor Drifts In on Polo and Tells
of Wrecked Dredge Sun Shines
Again and Trains Expected Ui
Reach Galveston Today.
KNOWN DEAD OUTSIDE OF
Port Arthur 5
Texas City 32
Jennings Landing 2
Seabrooke -. 2
Cedar Bayou 2
Sour l.ake - 1
Han Jacinto Battleground 1
Scattered on beaches
Total . .
HOUSTON, Tex., Aug. 19. Know
dead outside of Galveston from Monday
night's West Indian hurricane were 101,
according to reports here tonight.
Missing outside of Galveston were
1S8. Of the missing list it waa feared
more than half were dead.
Communication with Galveston and
fexaa City, a distance of 60 miles from
here, continued to be a matter of many
It was known that Galveston's loss
of life was comparatively light and It
was evident that the inland city was
not rushing out any appeals for aid.
Dead Fund at Remote Points.
Remote points on Galveston Bay, a
body of water the size of an ordinary
county, which penetrates the mainland
for 60 miles, began to report today,
some of them bringing small quotas of
At Anahuac on this bay, the loss of
the United States dredge boat No. 12
waa confirmed, but there was no loss
of life, as reported from Beaumont.
The loss of life at Anahuac was placed
Governor Ferguson, of Texas, who is
here to take charge of general relief
work, today Issued the following state
"I trust the papers of the country
will be careful in their statements
with reference to conditiona In the
l Concluded on Page 3. Column 1.)
BUSINESS PART OF
ONLY 1 STORE IS LEFT AFTER
EARLY NIGHT FTRE.
Loss Is About $15,000 Dynamite
Is Used to Stop Flames Portland
and St. Helens Send Aid.
Fire t"" .j l lodging-house
i j-o - Scappoose last
. fvrs auicklv spread and
t'Tu-i clours 12 buildings had been
"f.?k:etft.u. But one store, that of Watts
rice, was left standing in the town
The loss was estimated last night at
115,000, partially covered by insurance.
Efforts to combat the fire were fu
tile. The water supply failed, as pipes
leading from the city tank broke, and
a large force of volunteer firemen, num
beiing about 300, confined their efforts
to saving goods and household effects,
as well as pulling down buildings in
the path of the conflagration to eon
fine tbe lire In as narrow limlta as pos.
Holp ar-lved from St Helens within
an hour after the blaze started. The
Are company from that city did valiant
work, and Engine Company No. 17,
Twenty-fourth and Johnson streets,
made the run down from this city, ar
riving in time to give valuable assist
A defective flue in the lodging-house
over the restaurant owned by Mrs,
Lilly Shell and operated by Mrs. Anna
Smith ' is thought to have been the
cause of the fire. Mrs. 'Shell's loss is
.1000, while the loss to Mrs. Smith is
half that sum. Tbe residence of Mrs.
Shell was burned with a loss of SSOO
The grocery store run by M. Mully
was wiped out, with a loss of 24000
A blacksmith shop owned by Henry
Lambertson and run by his son,
Charles, was burned, the loss being
about $800. with an equal sum lost
when a dwelling owned by the elder
Lambertson was burned.
The blacksmith shop was dynamited
to check the progress of the fire, and
the postofflce, loss 2350, was pulled
down for the same reason, but the mail
and contents of the building were
The loss of Byron Malloy, confection
er, was 2500, and Harry West, who lost
two dwellings and a barn, set his loss
at $1500, his insurance being $S00.
The garage of E. Stevens, containing
supplies for two cars, which were re
moved, was burned, vith a loss of
By 10 o'clock last night the fire had
burned itself out. all buildings within
its reach having been destroyed, leav
ing, a blackened, gaping hole in the
business center of the town. Most of
the burned buildings will, it is under
stood, be rebuilt at once.
DEER INVADES NEWS OFFICE
From Linotypist, Animal Takes Copy
and Proceeds on Way. (
ItOSEBUBG, Or., Aus. 19. (Special.)
Apparently aware'that the open sea
son for deer is on and that hundreds
of hunters ate combing the woods In
quest of venison, a pet deer belonging
to Miss Mary Becker, of this city, to
day wandered to . the business district.
where It invaded the editorial-rooms
of the newspaper conducted by Carl X.
Shoemaker, state game warden.
The animal nosed its way through
the front office and into the mechani
cal department, where it watched the
linotype operator pounding out a grist
of copy. Nipping a couple of copy
sheets from the machine, the deer
leisurely walked out of the shop.
RAILWAY SPENDS MILLIONS
O.-W. It- & N. Expenses for 1914 in
Three States $15,573,356.
Compilations Just completed by the
auditing department of the O.-W. R. &
N. Company show that during the cal
endar year 1914 the company spent for
wages, '.axes, construction and other
purposes incident to the conduct of its
business in Oregon, Washington and
Idaho, an aggregate of $15,573,355.92,
the equivalent of $50,S9?.30 for each I
working day of the year.
This information is being presented
to patrons of the company to inform
them of the important part the rail
road Plays in maintaining the indus
trial Integrity of the community.
MINES EMPLOYING GUARDS
Coeur d'Alene Producers of Munl-
tions Minerals Take Precaution.
SPOKANE, Wash., Aug. 19. (Spe
cial.; Companies operating mining
roperties in the Coeur d'Alenes, es
pecially those producing zinc, which is
in demand for war munitions, are said
to be employing detectives to guard
their workings, according to Spokane
No attempts have been made either
to bring about labor troubles or to
impede production so far as any of the
people concerned will admit, but the
precaution is considered advisable to
prevent the possibility.
OCCUPATION TAX PLAN
Taconia Faces Loss .of 2)140,000
When Saloon Revenue Is Gone.
TACOMA, Wash, Aug. 19. (Special.)
To make up revenues amounting to
about $140,000 that will be lost next
year because of state-wide prohibition.
the City Council has instructed the City
Attorney to draft an ordinance modeled
on Portland's occupation tax law.
Lawyers, doctors, dentists, realty
agents. Insurance agents and all lines
of business and professional men and
women will be taxed In amounts rim
ing from $10 quarterly for doctors.
lawyers and dentists up to i'o quar
terly for telegraph companies.
PLANS TO UTILIZE
Harbors Committee at
Celilo Hears Needs.
CHAIRMAN INSPECTS SHIPPING
Delegation From Interior Tell
CANAL'S VALUE EXPLAINED
Lewiston Reports Private Capital
Ready to Build Power Dams If
Government Pays for Way
" to Open River to Vessels.
The ambition of. the territory tribu
tary to the great Columbia Klver to
expand and to develop through water
way improvements was unfolded be
fore the Congressional rivers and har
bors committee, with wonderful con
crete demonstrations of work already
performed, on the trip to the Celilo
While the journey was primarily for
the purpose of Inspecting the canal,
the locks and other improvements that
now make the Columbia and Snake riv
ers navigable at certain stages of the
year s.s far inland as Lewiston, Idaho,
tho committee took advantage of the
opportunity to learn from persons fa
miliar with the situation the plans for
further development that will open ad
ditional territory to deep-water navi
gation. Interior's Ambitions Explained.
Incidentally, the plans of the interior
region to develop the arid acres Of
Eastern Oregon, Eastern Washington
and parts of Idaho through the com
bined process of irrigation, water
power and, improved navigation were
explained by persons familiar with the
Professor W. D. Lyman, of Whitman
College, also had the attention of the
committeemen for quite a while. The
Walla Walla people, he explained, pro
pose to build a road from Walla Walla
to Wallula, where the grain can be
loaded onto waiting vessels providing
the upper river is further Improved so
that it can be made navigable in the
seasons when the wheat Is shipped.
Chairman Sees Portland Harbor,
The committees had 'a busy- and an
nteresting day. Chairman Sparkman
was up bright and early and accompa
nied Harbormaster Speler on an inspec
tion of the Portland harbor. They
made the trip in a harbor patrol boat
and covered the waterfront on both
sides of the river. Mr. Sparkman was
deeply interested !n the wheat and the
lumber traffic in the harbor and the
volume of the traffic moving in and out
of this port seemed to surprise him.
At 10 o'clock the entire committee,
accompanied by members of the Oregon
delegation in Congress and by repre
sentatives of the Portland Chamber of
Commerce and of commercial bodies la
other parts of the state, left in a spe
cial car on the O.-W. K. & N. line for
Mnny Accompany Delegation.
The fell delegation from the river
and harbor committee made the trip
yesterday. They are: S. M. Sparkman,
of Florida, chairman; George F. Bur
gess, of Texas; Charles G. Edwards, of
Georgia; Charles Lieb, of Indiana;
Thomas Gallagher, of Illinois, and Kob-
rt M. Switzer, of Ohio.
They were accompanied by Senator
George E. Chamberlain, Representative
W C. Hawley. E. D. Baldwin, private
secretary to Representative N. J. 6in-
ott; AV. D. B. Dodson, of the Port-
land Chamber of Commerce; G. J.
Hegardt, engineer of the Commission
of Public Docks; A. H. Devers, acting
chairman of the rivers and harbors
committee of the Chamber of Com
merce; W. P. LeRoche, of the naviga
tion committee of the Chamber; Major
Williams, of the United States Engi
neer Department; Representative Al
bert Johnson, of Washington; G. A.
Foster, representing Lewiston, and A.
Value of Celilo Told.
They proceeded to The Dalles, from
which point they traveled to the canal
over the old portage railway. Tha
inspection trip was conducted by Major
Williams and F. C Schubert, resident
engineer in charge of the canal con
struction work. ;
It was explained to the visitors that
this artificial channel now opens tha.
Columbia to the moutU of the Snake
and that It opens the Snake to Lewis-'
ton, but It was further pointed out that
to insure a maximum of benefit for the
canal Itself further improvements mus't
be made on the upper river channels.
G. A. Foster, of Lewiston, explained
the plans of the people of that terri
tory to build a series of dams across
the river at the rapids below the city
for the purpose of developing power
and conserving the water for irriga
tion purposes. He said that private
capital is willing to finance -the power
and Irrigation projects provided thev,
Government pays for the canals.
This, then, would eliminate the slack
water In front of lewiston and open
the river to navigation at periods of
the year when now it must be closed.
Last night the party was entertained
by the Portland Chamber of Commerce
at an informal dinner. A. H. Devers
The committee will go to the mouth
of the river today, leaving the North
Bank station at 8:30 o'clock.
From Astoria the party will go to
Grays Harbor on board the torpedo