Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 16, 1915)
VOL. L.V. NO. 17,073.
PORTLAND, OREGON, MONDAY, AUGUST 16, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
TO ALTERWAR LAWS
Strict Neutrality De
REPLY IS SENT TO AUSTRIA
Neutrals Not to Sit in Judg
ment on Belligerents.
PERPLEXITIES ARE NOTED
Teuton Declared to Hate Supplied
lunltlons in Other War Amer
ican Rfne Right to
Bnjr for Themsehre.
roitts hadis 11 reply of
vsitf.d statm to ais-tbia-hisgarv.
Surprise xpr"ssed that trtct
observance of principles of exist
ing International law la deemed
Obligation to chang or modify
Neutral, nnder rnla proposed
by Autrta-IIuBgary. would ba
compelled to alt In Judgment on
J progress of war and restrict trade
vim KIICffiail w.iw
cesaful on Thla would in
volve neutrals In milt of per
Action of Germany and Austria
Hungary In supplying munitions
to belligerents la other wars cited
aa precedent. Germany and Aus
tria declared to have sold muni
tions to Britain In Boer war.
though Boers were Isolated, aa
Germany and Austria-Hungary
are now. Other Instancea are
United States desires to retain
principle of trade In nunltiona
because of own need In event of
Adoption of theory set forth
by Austria held to Involve fore
In militarism on world and to
work against Ideal of universal
WASHINGTON. Aug. 1$. The reply
of the United States to the protest of
Austria-Hungary against the sale of
munitions or war to the allies) was
made public today. It Is a refusal to
accept the Austro-Hungartan view.
Tfi American note saya that to re
fuse to sMp munitions to a belligerent
whose enemy controlled the meana of
access would require the neutrals to
sit In Judgment on the progress of the
war. It says the rxht of trade In
munition Is well established In inter
national law. which cannot be changed
while thla war continues.
Germany and Austria-Hungary are
declared to have supplied munitions to
Belligerents In other wars.
Fall Test la f.lrrm Oat.
Following I tha full text of the re
ply: "Department of State. Washington.
D. C-. Aug. 15. 1!S. The Secretary
of State to Ambassador Prnfleld:
Please present a note to the Royal For
eman Office, in reply to its note of June
5. In the following sense:
"The Government of the United States
r.as given careful consideration to the
atatement of the Imperial and royal
government In regard to the exporta
tion of arms and ammunition frora the
United States to the countries at war
with Austria-Hungary and Germany.
The Government of the United States
Botes with satisfaction the recognition
by the Imperial and royal government
cf the undoubted fact that Its attitude
with regard to the exportation of arms
and ammunition from the United States
Is prompted by Its Intention to 'main
tain the strictest neutrality and to con
form to the letter of the prlvlslons of
International treaties. but Is surprised
to find the Imperial and roral govern
ment implying that the observance of
the strtrt prlncipW of the law under
the conditions which have developed In
the present war Is Insufficient, and as
sertlrg l?at tKl Government should go
heroftd the long-recognised rules gov
erning such traffic by neutrals and
adopt measures to "maintain art am
tude of strict parity with respect to
both belligerent parties.'
V lew la Xet AeeepteeTL
"To this assertion of an obligatloa
o change or modify the rules of Inter
national usage on account of special
conditions, the Government of the Unit
ed Stat cannot accede. Tha recog
nition of an obligation of thla sort,
unknown to the International practice
of the past, would Impose on every neu
tral nation a duty to sit in Judgment
on the progress of war and to restrict
Its commercial Intercourse with a bel
ligerent whoso naval successes pre
vented the neutral from trade with the
anemy. Tha contention of tha Imper
ial and royal government appears to
bo that the advantages gained to a bel
ligerent by tta superiority on the sea,
should be equalised by the neutral pow
er by the establishment of a system of
non-Intercourse with tha victor. The
Imperial and royal government con
fine tta comments to arm and ammu
nition, but. If tha principle for which
4CoaUstie4 ea ' e 2, Cesa .
FAIL AS MOTHERS
BIOLOGIST SAYS RACE MUST
" PUT HOrE ELSEWHERE.
Statistics Said to Show Average of
Only Four-Fifths of Child Apiece.
Honor Students Still Less.
PITTSBURG. Aug. IS. (Special.)
That there la little hope of continuing
the race If the country la to depend on
college women, la apparently shown In
an- Investigation conducted by Roe
well If. Johnson, professor of biology
of the University of Pittsburg.
Professor Johnson, after an ex
tensive Investigation, finds that by all;
college girls there Is contributed to
the rsce only four-fifths of a child
per capita, while among honor students
the per capita rate Is only one-fifth, of
The Investigation conducted by Pro
fessor Johnson Includes the marriage
records of the alumnae of Wellesley
Bryn Mawr. Smith. Vaasar. Mount
Ilolyoke and Wilson. The number of
marriages among graduates of these
Institutions reaches an average of only
"The number of children. says
Professor Johnson, "necessary to main
tain a stationary population from these
groups should be about 3.7 per woman
student. Among honor students only
about 33 per cent marry, and from
those only two-tenths of a child la con'
tributed for duplication of their kind.
-There are three causes for this ab
normally low birth rate: First, lack or
co-eduration: second, failure of their
education to make them desirous of
having homes of their own: third, the
excessive limitation of students' op
portunltles for social life."
FRENCH SINK SUBMARINE
Austrian Ietroed In Adriatic After
rnrtnit by Squadron.
PARIS. Aug. IS. The Austrian sub
marine U-. which wa unk In the
Adriatic on August II. waa sent to the
bottom by tne accurate Or of tha gun
of the rrench torpedo-boat detroyer
The Austrian submersible attacked
an Italian auxiliary cruiser in the lower
Adriatic on August II. but the larger
craft, by clever maneuvering, escaped
two torpedoes aimed at her. She then
rammed the aubmarine. but failed to
ink It. A squadron of destroyer Im
mediately et out to chase the sub
marine, which evidently bad been dam
aged In the encounter.
The Austrian vessel waa sighted the
following morning by the Blsson and
UNIDENTIFIED MAN DROWNS
Clothes on Hank Indicate Death
Came While Swimming.
A bundle of clothing on the bank of
the river near tha foot of Curry street
yesterday led to the recovery of tha
body of an unidentified man. who evi
dently had been drowned while swim
mlng. Tha clothing waa found by W.
F. Rohrbacher. a watchman lor tne
Columbia Contract dredge. Municipal
Orappler Brady recovered the body.
which was taken to the morgue.
The man wsa about S3 years old.
five feet, eight inches tall, and weighed
about 14S pounds. He was of medium
comt.lexlon. The man' left wrist was
-rinnlxt and his left hand smsller
then the right. Two specks of gold
msrked fillings on his two upper front
FRANCE FEEDS 3,C00,p00
Families of Soldier and Idle Cost
$391,000,000 During War.
Paris Am. 15. France has ex
tended I2S4.0"O.POO during the first
year of the war In feeding tW wives
and families of mobilized soldiers and
workers thrown out of employment
There are at present J.000.000 receiving
allowances from the state.
la the beginning a great many peo
ple entitled to the allowances pre
ferred not to claim them, considering It
n easy patriotic sacrifice for them to
make, but as the war dragged on and
their resources diminished, they were
finally obliged to avail themselves of
SENATORS ON WAY SOUTH
Mer. Laaie and chamberlain to
Meet Harbor Committee.
GRANTS TASS. Or. Aug. IS. Sen
ators Lane and cnamoenain arrives
her today en route to Crescent City.
CaL. wher they will meet the appro
priations committee on rivers and har
bors from Congress. The committee will
Investigate and report on the Crescent
City harbor project.
Escorted by the Oregon Congression
al delegation and a large delegation
from here, the committee will arrive
la u rants Pass Tuesday.
SOIL STUDIED IN PRISON
Convict Qualifies for Position as
Kxprrt While Serving Term.
MARTINEZ. CaU Aug. IS. Henry
Kucacl returned to bis horn here to
day on parol from Sao Quentln peni
tentiary, where he served on and a
half years of a seven-year sentence) for
forgery, to accept a position aa soli
expert la California for aa agricul
tural Implement concern.
Kuckel occupied hi time In prison
by taking a correspondence course In
giicnltur from the University of Cali
fornia, In which he won three degree. I
STANDARD OIL WAGE
Company for Strike.
SETTLED FOLICY CRITICISED
Pay Declared Below Cost of
MEN ARE LITTLE REGARDED
General Manager Said "ot to Be'
lleve In Child-Labor Legisla
tion Sheriff and Company'
Armed Gnards Accused.
CHICAGO. HL. Aug. 15. The report
of George P. West and C. T. Chenery.
who Investigated the July. 1915. strike
of the Standard Oil Company employes
at Bayonne. X. J, tor the United States
Commission on Industrial Relations.
was made public tonight by Frank P.
m alsh. chairman of the commission.
The report said, in part, after stating
that the strike was against the Stan
dard Oil Company of New Jersey:
"The company 1 the most Important
of the Stanard OH group and this group
I tha principal contributor to tho
wealth prestige and power of the lars
est estate in the country, if not In the
world, that of John D. Rockefeller. Sr.,
and hi Immediate family. The facu
regarding the company's labor policlti
must, therefore, be regarded a of spe
cial significance because of the tre
mendous power wielded by the group
of men who control this industry and
because of their announced intention
to enter the field of industrial rela
tione with a view to widening their
Influence and activity, propagating
wnat they deem to be the proper
theories and principles that should
govern the relation between employer
Wages Deemed Too Low.
The following findings of fact are
to be considered In the light of the
"The Standard OH Company, of New
Jersey, although conducting an enor
mously profitable enterprise, pays
wages too low to maintain a family
on a comfortable, healthf'il basis.
"It fixes wages, not with relation
to the earninga of the company, but
by taking Into consideration wages
paid by other companies in the same
locality and then fixing the wage as
low as or lower than the prevailing
wage In that locality. In Bayonne it
paid common laborers less than those
of two companies whose plants adjoin
Ita refineries. Thla 1 In direct con
tradiction to the claim of the com
pany In a statement issued at 26 Broad
way that it has always paid the pre
vailing wage or better. - The state
ment of the general manager of the
u'onrludfd on Pas 2. Column 1.) work tomorrow. . I (Concluded on page 2, Column 2.) I
r - - i
i WILL HE TAKE HIS MEDICINE?
: I x:V I I' l'lMi TfSsa-zTS s 'VS50 OrlcS-l I I
sMssssssse-ss 1 1 is aaki. ukss.M. islw'
V '!( f ruts. V t
III PLACE I
- - .-.
INDEX OF TODAFS NEWS
TESTERDAT8 Maximum temperature. DO
degrees: minimum. OS degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; northwesterly winds.
Psrls to present unsheathed Jeweled sword
to King or Belgium. Page
Baltic shore laid waste by sea and land.
Russlsn sortie from Kovno repulsed.
Belgrade bombarded again. Page 1.
American reply to Austria-Hungary declines
to change laws ox war wnue war is in
progress. Page 1.
Federal ' Investlpator reports on Standard
Oil strike at Bayonne. Page 1.
Grain traders deeply puzzled by new market
developments. Page z.
Pacific Cosst League results: Vernon S.
Portland 4 (10 Innings) ; San Francisco
7-7. Salt Lake 5-4: Oakland 6-8. Los
Anceles 4-5. Page 6.
Riots mark National League., games at St.
Louis. Page 5.
Spokane chillengs Beavers for gams 8ep
tember 20. Page 6.
Chicago I'nlversity baseball team arrives
ready to play Beavers, page e.
Salem lawyers say T. R. Kelly, who quit
Wheeler recall contest, must stay. Page .
R. B. Kelt, rancher at Lakeport. Is murdered.
Finance and Industry.
Trade acceptances advocated by Reserve
Board favored. Page .
Expense of operating Federal reserve banks
almost equal to earnings, i-oge v.
Menrv Clews says war Is aid to trade.
Portland and Vicinity.
H. G. Hanson, modern Raffles, accused of IS
robberies. Page 1.
Prayer kev to divine oower and Is answered
by God when there Is special need, says
Bishop Lambuth. rage 8.
Yoong college woman advises girls to slap
or neat manners. -age v.
Lecturer outlines precepts of Christian
Science. Page 8,
Circus ts here today. Page 13. -Cornerstone
of Emanuel Hospital Is laid.
John A. Hooper, notea outlaw, escapes from
jail at urants rsss. page l.
Lents Grange goes on record in defense of
public market. Page 12.
Convict ship, nearlng end of visit, attracts
large Sunday crowd. Page 12.
Union musicians out of all theaters In city
and non-union orchestras hired. Page 13.
BENSON PARTY ARRIVES
Enthusiastic Reception Given Vis
itors to San Francisco.
OREGON BUILDING. EXPOSITION
GROUNDS, San Francisco, Aug. 15.
The Simon Benson official party, in
cluding Governor Wlthyeombe, ex-Scna-
tor Simon. Amos Benson, John B. Teon
and others from Oregon were met on
their arrival today by Commissioner
and Mrs. Logan and a large party of
Oreconians at Oakland and escorted to
the San Francisco ferry. There they
were taken by automobiles to the St.
Francis Hotel, where an enthusiastic
reception was accorded them.
Every one is most enthusiastic over
tha trip and the plana for Benson day.
ST. LOUIS STRIKE ENDED
Wage Issue Compromised; Working
ST. LOUIS. Aug. 15. The strike of
1500 transfer company teamsters and
chauffeurs, which began here last Fri
day, was settled tonight. A general
wage increase of 50 cents a week, a re
duction of about one hour in the work
ing day and better working conditions
are granted the men.
The wage increases, according to the
team-owners, will aggregate 160,000 a
year, whereas the original demands of
the men called for Increases totaling
J160.0UO. The strikers will return to
OUTLAW LOCKS OP
John A. Hooper, Noted
PEACE OFFICER OVERPOWERED
COMPANION IS RECAPTURED
Passing Buggy Taken and Used to
Speed to Liberty Fugitive Is
Known as Desperate and
GRANTS PASS, Or., Aug. 15. (Spe
cial.) John Austin Hooper, college
graduate and king of highwaymen,
aided by a fellow prisoner, who say
that Hooper forced his assistance, made
a daring escape from the Josephine
County Jail this morning.
The highwayman, who was in jail
heie awaiting trial since his capture at
Tho Dalles July 19, for the robbery of
the Southern Pacific station here three
months ago, overpowered Sheriff Smith,
disarmed him, locked him in a cell and
fled with Joe Colinge, tho fellow pris
oner who aided him. Colinge has been
recaptured, but nothing has been seen
of Hooper since he left the outskirts
of Grants Pass this morning.
Sheriffs Outcry Cut Off.
As Sheriff Smith entered tho cell
with tho two prisoners' breakfast this
morning at 8:30 o'clock, Colinge seized
him, pinioning his arms to his side. At
the same time Hooper grasped the
sheriff by the throat, preventing an
outcry, and then tied a rag around the
officer's mouth. Colinge. at Hoopers
order, then took the Sheriffs automatic
DlstoL They then forced Sheriff
Smith into an open cell and slammed
the door, locking It.
Hooper then took the automatic
pistol and cartridge belt from Colinge
and, picking up a small valise, left tne
Jail, accompanied by Colinge.
Hooper Commandeers Buggy.
The two prisoners separated as soon
as they left the Jail. Hooper starting
for the hills north of Grants Pass and
Colinge going toward the railroad
tracks. Within two blocks of the Jail
Hooper overtook Sam Ellis, driving
along in a buggy, and stopped him
with the information that there had
been a serious accident a few blocks
up the street.
Mr. Ellis drove north with Hooper
st top speed toward the scene of the
supposed accident when Hooper drew
i his revolver and commanded Ellis to
keep going, threatening to kill him at
the first show of trickery. At the out
skirts of the town Hooper got out of
the buggy and told Ellis to drive back.
Nothing has been seen of Hooper since.
In the meantime Sheriff Smith's out-
ON SERBIAN BORDER
TEUTONS BOMBARD BELGRADE
AND EXEMY RETALIATES.
Reports That Germans and Ans
trians Are Preparing to Cut Way
to Turkey Are Renewed.
LONDON. Aug. 15. The following
statement was issued 'at Nish. Serbia,
"The enemy yesterday bombarded
Belgrade with large-caliber howitzers.
There was no lose of life. The bom
hardment ceased after we shelled Zem
lin and Panscova."
Zemlin Is In Austria, on the tongue
of land formed by the junction of the
Danube and the Save, opposite Bel
grade, with which it is connected by a
railway bridge. Panscova is across the
Danube from Belgrade in Austria.
The statement adds that fires were
caused in Zemlin and "panic in Panscova.
Report that the Germans and Aus
trians had mobilized forces estimated
at from 300.000 to 400,000 men along
the Serbian frontier, .preparatory to a
campaign to crush the Serbians and
open a way for the shipment of muni
tions to Turkey, have been received
from various sources in the past week.
There have been several clashes be
tween the Serbs and Austrians on the
frontier in the past few days.
Belgrade waa occupied by the Aus
trian after a siege on December 2,
1914, but was reoccupled by tho Ser
bians 12 days later, following a fierce
battle. The recapture of their capital
by the Serbians was followed by a cam
paign which cleared their country of
2 HEROES SAVE BATHERS
Boy, 1 6, and Man Who Disappears
Rescue Policeman and Sister.
VANCOUVER. Wash.. Aug. 15. (Spe
cial.) In an attempt to rescue his
sister, who had dropped into a hole
near Columbia Beach today, L. E. Me
Curdy. night police sergeant, and the
girl were caught in the undertow and
drifted 260 feet down the river, where
he was rescued, exhausted, by a Port
land man. who disappeared in the
crowd, and the girl was dragged uncon
scious from the river by Chester M1I
llngton, 16, of Portland.
Nearly 100 bathers on the beach
watched the pair struggling In the
water "and saw them drifting helplessly
in the current. The girl. Miss Mildred
B. McCurdy, was resuscitated and her
brother recovered soon after his rescue.
The accident happened on Upper
Hayden Island, where the usual Sunday
crowds were in bathing.
BIPLANE OUTRUNS AUTO
Five-Mile Race Staged at El ma Fair
Grounds Before 20 0 Persons.
ELM A, Wash., Aug. 15 (Special.) In
the five-mile race at the Fair Grounds
here today between James Parsons, in
his automobile, and Herbert Munter, in
his biplane, Munter won. tho time be
Parsons also tried for the mile record
on a half-mile dirt track, which he
made in 1:14. He also made the
three-mile run, the time being 3:41.
About 2000 persons saw the exhibition.
Sunday's War Moves
HAVING recovered from the check
inflicted on him early in the ween
by the Russians, General von Beclosv,
commanding that portion of the army
of Field Marshal von Hlndenburg op
erating to the west of the River
Dvinsk, again has taken the offensive
and, according to the official report
published by Berlin today, has beaten
the Russians in a battle in the vicinity
of Kubisko and pushed them back in tt
northeasterly direction, taking more
than 2000 prisoners.
To the south before Kovno, the Rus
sians, according to the same source of
information, made an unsuccessful
sortie from Kovno, which the Germans
now are approaching.
In the Polish sector, the various
German armies are slowly drawing in
their line and advancing from the
northwest and south of Brest-Litovsk.
While they continue to take groups of
prisoners, they make no claim to the
capture of . artillery or booty, which is
considered by military observers aj a
fair indication that Grand Duke Nicho
las" armies continue their orderly re
treat and for a long time to come will
be able to prevent the Germans from
detaching any party of their army for
large ventures elsewhere.
The only evidence of activity out
side of Poland and the Baltic provinces,
is on the Serbian frontier, where a
bombardment of Belgrade by the Aus
trians and a counter-bombardment of
Zemlin and Panscova by the Serbians
has been resumed. According to Nisn,
Austrian attempts to cross the Danube
near the Serbian and Roumanian bord
ers have been repulsed, but it Is be
lieved by military experts of the allies
that this region will be the scene of
the next Austro-German offensive.
There is some speculation In military
circles as to whether Roumania. as
well as Serbia, will be attacked be
cause of Roumanians refusal to allow
munitions of war to pass through to
Turkey, which Is being presyd on her
Caucasus and Dardanelles fronts.
There Is no late news from the Dar
danelles, but information is hourly ex
pected of a new movement of which
the landings by the allies last week
were the preliminaries. -
Artois, the forest of the Argonne and
the Vosges Mountains continue to be
the scenes of activity on the western
front, but no serious battles are In
progress in any. of the region.
MODERN RAFFLES IS
TAKEN WITH LOOT
H.G. Hanson Accused of
15 Clever Robberies.
ADVENTURE LURES, NOT COIN
Woman Believed Accomplice
in Work Still Missing.
THIEF IN EX-MAYOR'S SUIT
Reported Loss of Foodstuffs and
Discovery of Some Goods Near
River Clews That Lead to
BURGLARIES TRACED TO H.
(Part of the loot taken from
each of the following residences
was found among the goods re
Home of R. S. Bean. Federal
Judge, 665 Elliott street, robbed
January 10, 1915.
Home of A. G. Rushlight. ex-
Mayor, 400 Karl street, robbed J
November 9. 1914. I
Home of R. D. Inman, of In-
man-Foulsen Lumber Company,
J 653 East Sixth street, robbed J
January 1. 1915. I
Home of George J. Kelly, land J
t agent Portland Railway. Light & t
i Power Company, 670 Grand ave-
nue. robbed December 28. 1914. J
Home ofi George H. Crawford, I
vice-president and general man-
ager Golden Rod Milling Com- I
J pany. 1433 East Seventeenth J
! street, robbed August 5, 1915.
Home of Anton Heltkemper.
! cigar manufacturer, 823 East
Twelfth, robbed January 29. 1915. I
!' Home of George E. Boos, car
penter, 972 Milwaukie, robbed
. March 12, 1915.
I Home of George W. Holcomb,
J president Holcomb Realty Com
pany and F. B. Holbrook Cora-
pany. 573 East Madison, robbed
t January 10, 1915.
I Home of Peter Livingston, pro-
f prietor Beaver Pharmacy, 1250
s East Seventeenth street, robbed
April 1. 1915.
Home of William Wolff. 147
f East Sixteenth, robbed March 28.
t Home of F. A.. Anderson, 1301
I East Seventeenth street, robbed
February 16. 1915.
t Home of Mrs. L. Merton, 1355
t East Eighteenth, robbed May 22.
Home of Miss Pearl Wilson,
i 283 Thirteenth, robbed March 21,
Home of J. B. Welst. 821 East
f Eleventh, robbed B'ebruary 6,
I Home of D. Bradshaw, Ewahwe
Station, robbed January 28, 1915.
Wearing a suit of clothes that he had
stolen nine months before from the
residence of A. G. Rushlight. ex-Mayor,
H. G. Hanson, a "laboring Raffles,"
premier burglar of Portland, was ar
rested at 10 o'clock yesterday morning
by City Detectives La Salle, Leonard,
Rofle and Moloney at his houseboat at
the foot of Crampton street.
His apprehension, and subsequent
confession, clear up the biggest hauls
of the past Spring and Winter in this
city, 15 burglaries being traced to him
yesterday, and goods from at least that
many more remaining unidentified.
Woman Suspect Missing.
Though no trace could be found of
Mrs. Inga Malmin, who Hanson says is
his sister, she is suspected of being the
mysterious female accomplice, of whom
the police found trace In the imprint
of a feminine boot beneath windows of
houses robbed. Hanson said she left
him in May to go to her home in Nor
way. The detectives say she took
with her some of the most valuable
jewelry,, costly furs and women's ap
parel that had been stolen in Port
land this year.
Hanson was a type that was baffling
to the police. During the day he was,
to all appearances, an honest laboring
man. He worked for a long while for
the Nickum & Kelly Company.
Search Began Last March.
In tne early evening he would fare
forth, robbing the houses where the
residents had left for the evening.
Every house he robbed was entered,
usually, with a jimmy, through a win
dow, between the hours of 6:30 and
11 P. M.
The capture of Hanson yesterday
follows a search begun in March, when
the first clew to his whereabouts was
found. On March 28, Detectives La
Salle and Leonard, who had been in
vestigating numerous burglaries, found
a child's bank, empty, at Milwaukie
and Center streets, near the river. This
was Identified as having been stolen
the night before from the home of
William Wolff. 147 East Sixtenth
street. This led the trail toward the
At numerous robberies butter, eggs,
lvacludd on la-(e ;, Column 2.)