0 TTTE 'MORNING OREGOXIAJT. FRIDAY, AUGUST 13, 1915. ( roXTLAMa, OiSMX. tii'nj at Port la a4. Or. Peaiofflce A tbscris-tioa Jtaiee laaartakl U asseaeaji (By Mail. Ti1jf. Suadar Iseluded. J oar I-Otlif. lua4aV IBrlu4l. e,A BOBthe . .... . l-aii. Sunday isxliaii. IBrea alk - 1-auy. aunaa iac;uoa. eae aau vltuQul uaa. tw .... X-eiy. suaoit ao. sis bbobibb X ei:. altaotfi ut4u. lorve mooloe ra; y. aiiBout uU,M uul ...... w, ealy. eae jaar ' T nair, oaa )ear J- riflUi lad Hku. M lu .......... lr Carrier.) yallr. Stwdar tnc:uded. oaa yanr .... Xaiy. Suaaer lBeia44'. ee saoata .14 Hot la Basalt Mad Paaiafftr meaay ar. 4Vr. t jprfw erd-r ar araal eaaca aa your loril Un'. Btamp, coin ar rurraory ara at e-eU-r a rwk. iie poeiutflca atareaa la luai. tucliadlaa rouaty aa4 aisle. IMan Walra U la l puK I rral: 1 to r4' I cciu. 3 ta !a cents; t av pacta, a canta; i la to pas-a. a n i vj pnw, casta, soraisn aoatasa. aeubla raiea. La-itrra Baalaaaa Offices Varee Cobs Ha. br'inK t tuliim. Ma lark; araa a Cook. in. ater bu.ldln. Chlcaao: ran Francisco ratajwuuia, H. J. ailoaeil. IU farlal street. rORTUMI. rUOJIT. ACOCST U. Ull, mr. .RtT rioMciAx or track. ' The Federal Trade Commission is conducting series of inquiries into ' bu!nM in the Pacific Northwest which has quieted many -fears that ; were awakened by It creation. ; Throusbout the anti-trust agitation we l-.aTe heard such a commission de- ' scribed as aa anti-trust commission. Uu.-lne-w men had consequently come . to regard it as a body that would go Dp and down the land seeking viola- . tioni of the anti-trust laws and drag ,ging the accused before the courts. They were in trepidation lest they should In some manner have violated the law. and their activity was limited by a trembling fear of prosecution. . The commlasion. however, has come ' Among u-4 as a friend of the business - man. who U rather seeking how he may help business. The commission ' ha the roil of chastisement and is read) to use It upon evildoers, but keeps it in reserve In the closet, while endeavoring to learn what is the roat - tcr with business. Hence It Is hailed as the great phsiclan. In the benefi cent part It plays we see the fulfill - vnent of President Wilson's desire for reconciliation and co-operation be ' twten the Government and business. By listening to pleas on behalf of trade co-operation, the commlasion ' ha shown Itaelf to have an open mind and not to be ready to condemn any a trade organization merely because It ia a combination. At its ripokane ses . sion the danger signal against such I combinations was hauled down, when Mr. Rrand. Director of the markets division of the Agricultural Depart- ' menu acknowledged that he had erred and that the Krutt growers' Council I was ler-iX, Chairman Davles sounded , the keynote at Spokane when he said Congress had Intended the commission ..to be "an agency for the more easy ' accommodation of business process of the country to the requirements of ' government." He added: It aa rharire.1 with the date of protect. ' In lh Ir.taraata at tha eeaeral pabue . taa iliualion, walCB. of e-urae. la Ita Ileal I KT. foeslateat with thai attitude IIM emm!sa.oit la aeelroos of doing- ail that It " caa to ai-1 haaiBaaa intoraata. Lumbermen, fruitgrowers, flsher ! linen and men of other industries were - encouraged by this declaration to tell their troubles to the commission and ..to show how combinations for the gen eral good ef their trade would serve the public Interest. Lumbermen told ef overproduction caused by baste of ttmbermen to rea.'Ue and by sales of National forest timber stimulating erection of small mills, while Canadian competition and discrimination, adop tion of substitutes for lumber at home and scarcity of ships to carry it abroad . cause nnder-consumption. They plead Z ed for the right to curtail production and" to establish selling agenciea un- der Government supervision. It was shown how wide of the mark were - Girrrd Plnchot'a predictions of a tlm " ber famine and how. as the fruit of his "theories. we now have the sawmill -Channel of liquidation." " fruitgrowers told of great and year. . Ty Inc-rra.aing crops which could not preach market and of orchards which -were being grubbed up. The result Is .thst "the consumer Is paying too much and the groaer Is not getting a fair price." They desire legal power to or '.gantze in such a way that they can market the entire crop and reduce the . "too wide margin between growers receipts and consumers' prices." As ; one of them pnt It: "Our problem is I to grt our product .to the consumer at a fair price, and yet one that will yield - a fair profit to the grower." Surely r. such an organisation would benefit the public as well as the grower. The commission also had a reminder of president WUson's boast that a tariff commission was unnecessary, as he had Induced Conrress to endow the Fed eral Trade Commission with author ity to Investigate the tariffs effect on foreign and domestic trade and to rec ommend changes. A creosote manu facturer said that his Industry could be expanded and could expand the tropical market for rreosoted lumber If the producers of creosote were pro tected by the tariff from the flood of Oermsn competition which is expected to follow the war. CS per rent of the J American consumption being Impor - td. Drug manufacturers any the '. chemical Industry needs protection for ; the same reason, and that. If It were grant!, the by-products which are . wasted In two-thirds of the coke ovens swould be saved. The anomaly la pre . an ted of German chemicals bring pro. , terted In the I'nlted States by patent. while their American competitors have Inadequate protection or none at all. On Puget Sound the commission Is Informed by all Interests that the great ' reed Is ships. Europe makes an enor ' nous demand for lumber, but It ran- not be supplied because thrre are not ', enough ships, rates are exorbitant ; and orders cannot be delivered, for : ships are no sooner chartered than .they are requisitioned for war service. ; Seattle has equipped Itself to handle 4 a large foreign trade, but the ships do ! not come and the city has more for- etgn orders for flour than cargo space ' to put them in. The Asiatic and South American trade Is paralysed for lack ef ships. Those nations on which we have relied to carry our goods are using their ship in war. and our own laws prevent building of American ships, since the present emergency would no sooner be passed than they would be driven from the ocean by the high coat of operation which those law Impose. A plea was also made for permission to banks to combine for the establish ment of foreign banks In the Interest ef foreign trade. Thus the commission's Inquiry has broadened to cover the whole scope of business relations. It is asked also to discriminate between harmful and beneficial combinations and to indicate How lumbermen and fruitgrowers may lawfully combine. It is called upon to recommend tariff changes which will revive stricken Industries and give birth to new ones. The necessity of removing the barriers to construe' Lion of a merchant marine Is Im pressed upon It. The need of amend ment In the Federal reserve law to permit Joint ownership by American banks of foreign branches is brought forward. The great physician finds the business body afflicted with complication of ailments and is asked to prescribe for all of them. All Its thought and care and skill will be required to And the right remedies. MOKE WATTH-PTL WaJTTT.. It la disheartening to note that President Wilson. In his new negotia tions with Mexico, appears willing to emphasise the fact that "forcible In tervention Is not meant." The great Pan-American movement to solve the Mexican problem seems to have twist ed itself Into another fine scheme of moral suasion. We are to appeal to the Mexicans as men and brethren to behave themselves, and we are to give our "active moral support" to any practicable plan of constitutional gov ernment, and to a new President. Then we shall settle down hopefully and prayerfully to a new siege of watchful waiting. That is all. Our warships are on their way to Mexico. But so tender Is the President of Mexican feelings and so solicitous of the acquiescence of the South American republics, that the assur ance la sent in advance that they are going to Vera Crux merely "to protect foreign cltlxens." It is all a humlllat Ing and unnecessary confession to Mexico that our Mexican gun is not loaded. The mournful truth about the Pres ident's entire Mexican policy, or series of changing policies. Is that he has at times employed the language of force only to descend to mere vocal evaalona when confronted by the alternative ot using the Instrumentalities Of force. There is no opinion In Mexico that Mexico will be required to do what we demand that Mexico do. Carranxa is even now defiant and Insulting, and Villa Is apparently compliant because he Is heading a losing cause. The In fection of outlawry has extended across the Mexican line and the whole Texas borderland Is a seething caul dron of terrorism and revolution. Mexico la not a theory, to be dis cussed with fine phrases and academic loftiness. It is a horrible fact, and our equlrmtngs and dodgings and our comforting self-assurances that Mex ico Is not our business, do not help us to do our duty. HOW MICH CAS A MAN DRINK? Alcohol In Its relation to long or short life is more than an academic problem. It Is real to a great many people. The life Insurance companies have made a deep study of the ques tion, based on a great array of facts. and the health publications have a lot to say about It, The New York Health Bulletin re ports that the Insurance companies have collated the facts in two groups, as folloms: (a) Men who drink two glasses of beer or a glass of whisky, or their equivalent, a day; (b) men who drink more, but are not considered by the companies to drink to excess. The mortality of the second group is said to be SO per cent above that of the first group. Not long ago there was widely print, ed a statement, said to have been based on exhaustive Investigation, that men who take two drinks a day sub ject themselves to real physical In Jury. Now we hear that moderate im bibers who take more than two glasses of beer or a single glass of whisky die off much more rapidly than compara tive teetotalers. For we should call a man who takes only a single glass of whisky a day a near-teetotaler. We doubt If he exists. In a literal sense but there are men who do not aver age more than one dally drink. They are occasional, and not regular, drink, era. It would seem that the danger line, from a physical standpoint, is passed when a man exceeds two glasses ot beer or a glass of whisky a day. There ought to be a feeling of real comfort in Oregon over this great discovery. The Oregon law Is designed to shut off the supply wholly to the public drink er, while the man who must have it can get enough whisky or enough beer In a month two quarts of whisky and twenty-four of beer to indulge his appetite, yet keep within reasonable distance of the danger line. ftUSMA DEfXATED BY AIRMEN. The recent series of German vic tories over Russia Is attributed to lack of aeroplanes by Henry Woodhouse, editor of Flying, the publication of the Aero Club of America. Contrary to the general supposition, he assumes that the Russians had the numerical superiority, for he speaks of the Ger mans having with 1.200.000 men forced the Russian army, which has more than twice as many men. to re treat. The Russian failure, he says. was due to these causes: Failure, ob tha part ef tb Ttuietan army rxiafa ic rtcosoisa tha poaaibiiitiaa ef am ploytns arrnp.araa tat gxl advantage for rarannoitartns. directing artltlrry lira; operating; In tha work of catairy and In faatry; asd In protraMtrg tha Ruaslaa lines from tha prying e?ea or tha eftiriant 6r. man air aeauia. who. tmenaUc-nsed. not only mapped, pat securax oaiailao pneiograpnie plana of I ha Ruulta positions ana dis tribution of forcaa. Kailura on tha part of I So Ruaalan army rhtara lo recognise tha necaeatty of ahiftlng of f-ont Bad of making atralaglral moves lo otfart tha 'advaniaara gained by the enemy throuch having mare and superior aero- plana and aviators. The email number of Roaalnn aviators and Iheir lack ef eipertence. due to not having Biananvaraat with tha troops befora tha war. Lark of narup'.aoaa ta eo-operata with Roaeiaa artltlrry In directing sua flra. t-ack of aurrielaat numbara or aeropianee aad eqatpma-al at tha dlaaaaal of tha Rua-J aian aviator, wnicn wouio navaa rnaoiaa tbam to operate with maximum efficiency. Russia went to war with S00 aero planes to Germany's 1000. but Ger many had 1000 trained aviators to Russia's 400. and most of the latter had no military training. Ruasla'a machines were of different types, and men who could operate one could nor operate another. Mr. Woodhouse says: Roaatia aviators, lacking experience, want oat only occaatonatly. and saw little: tha I'trrmaa ariaiara mainta:ned a roost at mr patrol, and Brought back drtslled accounts and photograph ef tha Ruaalaa poeltieaa. When the Austro-German rein forcements were assembled for the at tack on the Dunajec line, they were cleverly concealed from the Russian scouts and aviators. The Russian lines were already known to the Ger mans, whose aviators had taken hun dreds of photographs giving an almost unbroken perspective of the entire Russian front from the mouth of the Dunajec to the Dukla Pass. The line had been little changed for months and the Austro-Germans were able to place their artillery to great advan tage. Russia lost by using old-fashioned scouts and by undervaluing aircraft. Germany made the same mistake in Belgium, where the few Belgian air scouts enabled their army to delay the German advance. On the western front the allies have claimed suprem acy in the air and have kept the enemy at a standstill. Germany has been working up to an equality with them In the west, and Russia is now working up to an equality with Ger many in the east. Russia Is building large armored -biplanes, earning a machine gun and bombs, with a speed of eighty miles an hour, and is order ing flying boats In this country. Russian backwardness In aviation explaina failure of the Cxar's Generals to eliminate the element of surprise from the war.' Except for the out flanking of Von Kluck in France, the only surprises of any importance In this war have been sprung on the Russians, and they account In consid erable degree for the two expulsions from East Prussia and for the series of reverses which began In Galicia and which still. continue In Poland. BREAKING Vr A HOME.' Sometimes there are men who ad vance the idea, and seek to live up to It, that their duty to themselves is su perior to their obligations to their family. It is the doctrine of selfish ness, but it is not new nor strange. and in one form or another it is seen or heard every day. Not long since, a New York man who had acquired a fortune, sought a divorce from a wife who had borne him eleven children. The woman in her own behalf set up that the real complaint of her husband was that she was "old-fashioned and out oi date." and that he had passed her socially and Intellectually and. he wanted to be free to seek more con genial companions. It is likely enough true that the more congenial society was another woman who had not suf fered in body or mind from the bur dens of heavy family duties during a great many years. The court decided with the woman. Naturally enough. There is a sound moral reason for requiring a man to do his duty to his family rather than to himself, and no court, convinced of the facts that a man was trylnr to get rid of a good wife and her numerous children merely because he was tired of her. would think of severing the marital tie. It is a common expert ence that one domestic partner, in the long race for a livelihood, distances the other, but no decent man or good woman would on that account ask to be set free, if the other was not obvi ously to blame for the discrepancy. We have become familiar with the pectacle of frequent divorce, but It has Its compensations. It Is not often that the circle of a real home is in vaded by Its disrupting meddling: and I no rra home is intentionally without children. nf: TIME TO Bl'T DAIRY COWS. For several years the prices asked for dairy cows in the Northwest have looked apparently prohibitive, yet the supply was usually below the demand For several months the prices of raw milk have been falling for the reason that demand has decreased. The Underwood law., according to an Ore gon milk manufacturer, has caused United States markets to be flooded with condensed milk from foreign countries, while our own manufac tories ere either pursuing a hand-to-mouth policy or storing their output In warehouses, hoping the prices may go up with the return of prosperous times. The price of milk has fallen off at least 25 cents a hundred pounds at the condensers, and even at that they are taking on no new customers. Hence the slump in the demand for dairy cows. But the dairymen ana land owners who have places adapted to dairying who now . go into th.e market and buy good cows at the re duced prices will be the winners. There is a shortage of both meat and milk cattle In this country, and the shortage Is dally increasing. We have 10.000,000 fewer cattle In the United States than we 'had ten years ago. yet we have perhaps fully 10.000,000 more people than we had In 1906. It cer tainly looks safe for the landowner to Invest at the present prices in cattle of any sort, but the prices of dairy cows are particularly attractive. There are always people who argue that the dairy business is Just as liable to be overdone as any other business. But facts do not seem to bear that statement out. It was not overdoing the business that caused the present slump. It came from an unequal com petitionunfair competition. Imported skimmed "milk filled with over 60 per cent sugar has been dumped Into the country by the shipload and placed In competition with American whole milk without sugar. If the American condenser put up this kind of milk he would have to pay the duty on the sugar content: it comes In duty free In condensed milk. But tnese things will be righted and the dairy business will soon be on the up-grade. The old rule of buying when prices are low and selling when they are high should now be taken advantage of by all who can handle more milk stock. In the light of facts and ot history this looks like a safe rule now to follow. A VTllOLK NATIOX ON RATION. The methodical manner In which the German government set about preserving the food supply at the be ginning of the war forms a sharp con trast lo the haphazard waste which is still practiced .In Britain. An investi gation of the subject was begun shortly after the war began by a com mission composed ot three physiolo gists, a housewife and experts on eco nomics, statistics, agricultural and do mestic science. After four months this commission reported. Its work was described by Professor Olaf Ham- marsten in a lecture before the Uni versity of Upaala, Sweden. Assuming that Germany was entire ly cut off from outside sources of sup ply, the commission calculated how many calories would be needed to reed the population for one year. Allowing 3000 a day for a man. 10 to Si per cent of that amount for a woman, 20 to 30 per cent for a young child and 10 per cent for a child of 14, the commission found that the food needed would equal SO. 'SO billion calories. It was found that, allowing 80 grams a day for an adult, the population would consume 1.005.000 tons of slbumen in a year. Consumption before the war had been excessive, being 90,420 bil lion calorics and 2,307,000 tons of al bumen. , The conclusion was then reached that at the outbreak of war Germany had on hand food equal to 67,860 bil lion calories and 1.543,000 tons of al bumen. This showed that there was an actual deficiency of albumen, which had been Increased by wasteful con sumption while the inquiry was In progress. Immediately the government took measures to stop waste, to regulate consumption and to Increase produc tion of food. Prisoners were worked on farms, motor plows and oxen re placed horses and artificial fertilizers were used. The supply of nitrate, of which Germany used 625.000 tons In 1913, being cut off, manure was used. It being estimated that nitrogen worth 600,000.000 marks a year was wasted by storing manure in the open air, this loss, which equals the consumption of artificial fertilizer, was stopped. As twice as many men can be fed on the food given a pig as on the meat and fat It yields, slaughter of 6.600.000 out of the empire's 25,500,000 pigs was ordered. A million of the 10.500,000 cattle went the same way. This made a saving of 2878 billion calories and 217.300 tons of albumen in the shape of grain, potatoes and other things . Waste In the household was next at. tacked. Peeling of potatoes wasted 2,000.000 tons a year, so that was for bidden. Examination of drain pipes showed that a fourth to a fifth of the dally consumption of grease was wast ed through the sink. Many nutritive units were added by making less but ter and using more skim milk. Ira proper storage df potatoes wastes 4,000,000 tons a year, hence drying Rnd other processes were adopted (Use of grain In making alcohol was forbidden, fruit and vegetables were preserved and making of wheat starch was prohibited. All these economies resulted in the following showing of food supply: Albumrn Calorlea In 1K)0 in tons. btlllona. nwiulrrmrnta lrtoi . ."Vtl.TftU Ooruiumptlon before tha war. 2T7 Stock on hand "0-2 8 In order to make this supply of food suffice It was necessary to change rad Ically the diet of the people, to turn them from meat to vegetables, and to reduce the consumption of the many who had been eating too much. Even under the pressure of war and the impulse of patriotism, this must have caused much grumbling, for the Germans are big eaters, but apparent ly they have submitted. When we contemplate the Immense waste of food In America, the possibll lty of the economy which could be ef fected by application of German meth ods here is staggering. But the roar of protest which would go up would be so loud that no man would dare suggest it. A time may come, how ever, when we shall have to learn our lesson. The egg problem presented by Mr. Baker, of Eugene, brought a number of answers to The Oregonian, One has been published and as the others are practically the same, it is not deemed necessary to print them. Mr. Lund- berg, whose solution . was published, was the first one to submit an answer. Company-Officials have been indicted for the Eastland disaster, but nothing is done to the Federal inspectors who allowed the overloading, except to rec ommend giving the service to the Navy Department Some grand juries see a criminal ainerence Deiween greed and Inefficiency. The munitions invention -branch of the German army has been working overtime since long before the war, but John Bull has only just established his, though scientists have been offer ing their services to the government for months. There is one drawback about being limited to the submarine for naval war Germany could not have carried away that cargo of British gold If it had been captured, though it would have been most welcome sinews of war. Does anybody believe there Is a medical trust here? There is evidence to the contrary In the case tried yes terday wherein a surgeon wanted 1200 for an operation and two medical brethren testified 850 was enough. Baleful heredity is exemplified in the County Jail, where father and son are held on charges preferred by young women. Yet there are people who decry the preventive remedy as nhuman. When a man has the habit bad enough to smoke In bed and, falling asleep, sets fire to the bedding. It Is time he acquired a manager to put dope in his coffee and effect a cure. Freaks receive summary -treatment In Portland. A man with three legs was run In the other day for the sole reason that the odd limb was In a suitcase and seemed suspicious. It Is easy to predict the ultimate fate of the villain who stole 35 an there was from the trousers pocket of the Centralia clergyman while he was in swimming. If General Sam Houston were alive. Texas would make short work of the Mexican raiders without asking the aid of Uncle Sam. A little of the Industrial prosperity that foments strikes in the East would be welcome out this way, with out the strikes. If Carranza continues to "sass" Un cle Sam in this outrageous manner, it will certainly be necessary to trim his whiskers. The Blue Mountain campers who fled before yellow jackets would find mosquitoes "real neighborly by com parison. The Kaiser may eat Christmas din ner in Pctrograd and change its name back if the slaying is good enough. Spain Is likely to profit by the trou bles of her neighbors, for she may get the few tourists who venture abroad. The Western railroads must be thankful for small favors from the Interstate Commerce Commission. i The cruiser Goeben has as many lives as a cat. She has been torpedoed again, but she is not dead yet. An outbreak by Mexicans this side of the line may be the spark needed to touch off the works. Italians are - leaving Turkey now, but will not leave much by and by. The peach season is on and sugar is recovering In 10-cent rises. Russia is getting a little satisfaction by chasing the Turk. The season of fires with Heavy losses is again at hand. HOW. PRESIDENT WAS RECEIVED. Mr. Geer Recalls Details ot Mr. Har rison's Visit la 1801. PORTLAND. Aug. 11. (To the Edl tor.) In common with all Oregonlans, especially the old-timers. I greatly enjoy the "OreKon, in Retrospect" fea ture of The Sunday Oregonian. It not only serves to awaken -many partially dormant recollections but is-' instructive to our newer citizens in the way of fur nishing an Idea of the development which many men still living have seen in tha Northwest, But you will pardon me for ventur Ing to make two corrections In your reference to the visit of President Har rison to Hood River in Slay, 1891. It is said that "it was a red-letter day in Hood River when it entertained President Harrison, who was . ac companied by Vice - President Levi P. Morton, Secretary Rusk and Postmas ter-General Wanamaker." It Is further stated that they were welcomed in a speech by Hon. E. L. Smith, "who was at that time Speaker of the Oregon House of Representatives. The facts are that Vice - President Morton was not a member of President Harrison's party at that time, and Mr. Smitn was speaker of the House In. 1889, two years previous to the presidential visit. Durlnir the Legislative session of January. 1891, it was known that the President would visit Oresron in the Spring and before adjournment a reso lution was passed providing for the ap pointment of a Joint committee to meet him and party at the state line. The resolution provided that the President of the Senate and the Speaker of the House should be members of the com mittee and that the former should ap point two members of the Senate and the latter four members of the House for that purpose. Accordingly, the com mittee consisted of President Simon, Senators Fullerton of Douglas, and Rakin of Lane, and Speaker Oeer. with Representatives Butler of Polk, Paquet of Clackamas, Story of Multnomah, and Miller of Josephine. The committee, together with several Invited guests, met the presidential train at Ashland on the late afternoon of Monday, May 4, 1891, and the re ception in Portland was held on Tues day night in the old Exposition build ing, a furious rainstorm prevailing in cessantly from the time the party crossed the state line on the south until it finally got into Idaho three days later. T. T. GEER. MERCHANTS AS HOME TRADERS Many Buy Goods Out of State That Could Be Had im Oreaoa. PORTLAND. Ausr. 12. (To the Edi tor.) I have been following the af ferent letters in The Oregonian on the question of trading at home and I think Mr. Brown, or MtilsDoro. comes as near hitting the nail on the head anything I have ever reaa on tne subject. As he says, you may go In any of the stores that preacn tnis buy-at-home talk and you win una the majority of them buying goods not only made away from their own town but outside of the Btate en tirely. They do not only patronize outside free -labor factories but if it could be knows you will find a lot of them buying convict-made goods such as 'shirts. pants, overalls, snoes, brooms, brushes and other goods. Why do they do tnis? Because in price they might be a little cheaper. In reality they are higher because tney do not compare In quality with our Oregon-made goods. Of course the consumer does not get tne benetit or the price, it Is the jobber that handles the goods and the retailer that makes the difference. Of course we rubes that tbey are afraid will be robbed by the mail order houses have to stand for it. I wonder if these peo ple buying goods away from home ever stoo to consider what a difference it would make to our Oregon payrolls if mare of this money was Kept In Ore iron. 1 think tnis win oe a gooa ween to show the merchants that are in Portland for "buyers" week what goods are made in Oregon. , A RUBE. LIFE AS WE LIVE IT. . Just why we miss the, things in life wa mlTht have for the taking, When for these things, we miss, each day ouat, very hearts are break " Ins: . . "; Could you. my dear, or I. my dear, this auestion answer trufy. There would remain no question, then, why life is so unruly. But, though we travel every path, and follow every winding. We're searching, searching constantly, but somehow never finding Though you. my dear, and I, my dear these verv roads are going. We'll pass our heart's desire without the privilege of knowing. And when life's span draws to a close, when duty's call is o cr. A yearning still each heart will hold keDt closed behind a door Though you, my dear, and I, my dear, shall climo itres steepest nin. There shall remain a vacancy experi ence cannot fill. HELEN I. TOMLINSON. FRTJITIOX. All the ships which are out on the ocean so blue May or may not make port. But 'twill not be the fault of the cap tain or crew If they are the elements' sport; For. steady and sturdy, ready and true. They stand by the rudder and helm. Their tasks to perform, their duty to do. That disaster may not overwhelm. Our hopes which are out on the ocean of life May or not bear seed. But 'twill not be our fault If, in bat tle and strife. They are choked by Hhistle and weed; If, always- and ever, breasting the storm. We stand by conviction and creed. Though bthers may censure, our duty perform. We will win to some goal through our need. HORACE WILLIAM MACNEAL. 546 East Nineteenth street North. Krw Language at Home. Topeka Journal. Mrs. Bacon I understand one can learn different languages from the phonograph? Mrs. Ebert Well, since our neighbor got his, I know my hus band has used language 1 never heard him use before. Built Oat of the Proats. Boston Transcript. . That's' a nice house you've built there. Subbubs; but it is rather thrown in the shsde by that new mansion next door." "Yes; that s the contractor s house, built out of the profits he made on mine." Eating and Living. Houston (Tex.) Post. This advertisement for a prepared food says that if a man eats less meat his back will stop hurting." "Of course it will." "I should like to know why." Because he won't have to work so hard to earn a living." Not Special Delivery. Exchange. You may also have observed that the restaurant salt shaker Is no special delivery Institution; it doesn't deliver promptly. . . Gersaan Role la Bruaaela. London Mail. Tramways in Brussels are now com pelled to pay one-third of their tak ings to the German authorities. TOO MICH MUNICIPAL MEDDLING People Are Tired of Commisaloa Plan ua Here Administered. . PORTLAND, Aug. 12. (To the Edi tor.) Everything Indicates that the people are growing mighty weary of the commission form of government at least they are weary of it as admin istered In Portland. We have inspectors and deputy Inspectors, secretaries and deputy secretaries; soft snaps for polit ical friends and extravagance in almost every department. When men like B. Benson publlcally declare that they can run the city on 31000 per day less, the taxpayers begin to think. Just now the motion picture censor board is being heavily "shelled," and hone too vigorously. I note that W. S. Wessling has resigned from the board because he no longer cared to be a "figure-head." When a man as con genial, elean-ent and business-like as Walter Wessling is forced to quit in dlBCUPt, there is something wrong. I happen to be familiar with the moving picture business, having formerly been interested in two theaters and I want to say that Walter Wessling is one of the most popular and best-liked men among exhibitors and theater patrons that can be found in the city. Those who know him as I do are confident that he would be the last to oppose clean and moral films. Mr. Wessling knows every phase of the business. Film exchanges are maintained here at a big cost and local exhibitors rep resent investments of hundreds of thousands, all jeopardized by the in terference of a few legalized meddlers. Local conditions recently prevented the Big Four producers from establishing an exchange here instead of at Seattle. The vital existence of exchange man and exhibitors is being threatened, while the patrons of movies are ac quiring a strong disgust. Where there is so much smoke, there must be fire and I believe it a public duty to heed the exhibitors and de mand that the clamp be put on those responsible for one individual's abso lute authority. A WEARY CITIZEN. HIGH PIVE AS Pl.AVED BY STAT Arkaasas Important Officials Come Quintuplets. PORTLAND, Aug. 12. (To the Ed Itor.) A short time ago the State Arkansas had Ave Governors and five United States Senators all within one year. The retiring Governor, George W Donaghey, and tha newly elected Gov ernor, Joe T. Robinson, made two; and by the death of the senior Senator Je(T Davis, a vacancy was created which called for the appointment and election of another Senator, as Ho Jeff Davis had been nominated accord intr to the Oregon plan to succeed him self. The new Governor. Joe T. Robinson was elected by the State Legislature to aerve the term that Jeff Davis had re ceived the" nomination for. When M Robinson resigned the office of Gov ernor to take up his work as Sena to Kile Oldham, the President of the State Senate, became Governor by virtue hi3 office; but owing to the fact tha the Legislature was in session at th time, it became necessary to elect an other President of the Senate. J. M. Futrell was elected President of th Senate and upon the adjournment of the Legislature he claimed he was Gov ernor. according to"Iaw, and this con tention was sustained by the Suprem Court. A special election was called and George W. Hays was elected and sworn In as Governor, thus making five Governors. The death of Jeff Davis made it nee essary for the Governor to appoin someone to serve in his place. J. Heiskell was appointed, and when th Legislature met it elected W. M. Kava naugh to serve out the balance of the term. When Joe T. Robinson became Senator the state had had four Senators for this one office from December 11 1912, to and including March, 1913, and the other Senator. James P. Clarke, makes five Senators for the two Sen atorial offices from the state. Question of Title. PORTLAND. Aug. 12. (To the Edl tor.) A man buys some lots on time in his own name, contracting with his children to sell one or two lots each to them on time and dying in the mean time without a will. The property is then turned over to his wife, with th consent of the children, they then buy Ing of her, signing the property over to her, all children signing, lr in future we want to sell, would there be any cloud on the title? Is it necessary to probate anything in this matter to make it legal? J. TAYLOR. 455 East Ninth street North. It is always best to probate an es tate, whether it is necessary or not. Some cloud to the title might develop if this is not done. In this case, if the father had a clear title to the property and If all bhe children were of age when they signed the property over to their mother, you would have no trou ble so long as you held the property, but If an intending purchaser consulted a lawyer, the latter would probably not approve title because there is no public record that the deceased left no un paid creditors and that the heirs who signed the transfer of property were all the heirs. Symphony Orchestra Is Asset PORTLAND. Aug. 12-. (To the Ed itor.) The writer, who has recently come to Portland to live, was greeted with the most pleasing information that Portland has an excellent sym phony orchestra, which has a policy that is unique inasmuch as it has sev eral directors taken from among Its talented members. The influences of such an organlza tion cannot but be a vast help in the propagation of culture and the love for what is best in one of the greatest of arts music. From time immemorial music has been an inspiration and up lift to all conditions of humanity and its influence has never been felt keenly as it is at the present time. It has become a necessity as well as comfort. The invitation extended to the school children is indeed a splendid thing for the children and the com munlty. as it helps plant, the seed of desire for good music and its renne ment. Portland is to be congratulated upon this valuable and important institution and the orchestra should have the best support of the community. I G. S. LENOX. Egg .Problem Again. PORTLAND, Aug. 12. (To the Edi tor.) The following, -I think, is a better solution of the egg problem than that which appeared In The Oregonian, as it disposes of the eggs at an average somewhere near market prices: A has 10 eggs. He sells three for 2 cerlts and seven at 14 cents, netting 31. B has 30 eggs. He sells 24 at three for 2 cents and six at 14 cents, net ting $1. C has 50 eggs. He sells 45 at three for 2 cents and five at 14 cents, net ting 1. The three received a total of i. or 40 cents a dozen for the eggs. I pre sume the first lot were China eggs and the second fresh Oregon eggs, hence the difference in price. 289 First Street. L MEYER. . Differences In Steaks. London Tit-Bits. Customers-Walter, this is the first tender steak I've ever had in your shop. Waiter My goodness! You must have got the proprietor's. Hotels on Rainy Days. Hotel men say that on rainy days their guests -are peevish and require twice as much attention as usual. Twenty-Five Years Ago Krom The Oresonlan of August 13. 1S90. Washington Superintendent Porter, of the Census Bureau, has ordered a re count of Portland and Salem. The re count for Portland- includes Multno mah County. John D. Lealand, under whose supervision the recount will be made, left last night for Portland., Major T. H. Handbury, United States Engineer, returned yesterday from a visit to Fort Stevens and the Jetty. He says things are beginning to look a little lonesome there, owing to tho want of money to carry on the work. The work of driving piles and extend ing the jetty is still going on nnd the brush contracted for is being used up and a little stone is being put on it to hold it down. Even this will have to be stopped soon unless the rivers and harbors bill gets through Congress. The cable road extension down Fifth street is a success, the cars running smoothly from the turn loose. The com pany seems to have a full supply of cars, and they run them on schedule time, and are very comfortable and ele gant. The business of the road is in creasing rapidly. Astoria J. W. Hayes, manager of the Pacific Postal Telegraph Company, was in the city today consulting with the directors of the South Coast in re gard to putting a line up along the Sea side division of the road. Mr. Hayes wants to do the work at once, and stated that his company will verv shortly extend the line from Portland to this city. At a meeting of the board of officers of the First Regiment at the Armory last night there was a full discussion of the question of encampment at the Whitehouse grounds. It was found by comparing reports or company com manders that but 54 men could go into camp in the daytime and 109 at night. The notice was so short and so many men were away on vacations or had just returned that a better attendance was not possible. A novel team passed through Athena last week. It consisted of two horses and a yoke of cows, driven by an el derly man with the woe-begone coun tenance of a Kansas farmer. About a dozen children, dirty-faced and ragged, added to the attractiveness of the out fit. Property owners on Tenth street, who have been protesting ajrainst that street being improved with gravel, will watch with much interest the outcome of the North Front street muddle. They co:nplain that the gravel being put on the street ia not such as is called for in the specifications. - -K.lwIadyHTHTHTaHT T R O A GRDCERS, TOO, NEED KEGt'LATIG Producer Sogsests Committee to Over see Them as Well as Market. PORTLAND, Aug. 12. (To the Edi tor. ) The farmers and producers mid their agents selling on the Carroll Pub lic Market are resolved, "That tho grocers in the City of Portland, in general, and their representative body, the Retail Grocers' Association, in par ticular, need regulating." They haven't yet decided how it is to be done, nor when, but the fiat has gone forth, and they, as well as tho said Carroll Public Market are doomed. Joking aside, both the retail gro cers and the producers in the market are human very human. Both are susceptible to error, both liable to mis take, even to misbehavior. Both need regulating at times. Seeing, however, that arbitration Is the lesson of the day, whenever pos sible, I suggest that a committee of five be appointed, two by the grocers, two by the producers, the chairman by the Mayor, or the Chamber of Commerce, or, say. Air. Bigelow. the duty of the committee being to regulate both the market and the grocers. There are producers, or their agents. on the public market who think the regulations in some directions too strict. There are some of them who think that, to carry out their own ideas and ideals of what a producer- consumer market ought to be. they may have to induce the market authorities to see their points of view, or ulti mately be compelled to go outside tha Carroll Market. But they are not spending time that could be better ap plied, framing resolutions that lead to nowhere. A very high authority, who is neither grocer nor a farmer, once said: "Mankind is composed of producers and parasites." Now, as the farmer Is a producer, or claims to he. why the gro cer certainly must be the parasite, but a well behaved, well meaning parasite sometimes. Cheer up. Mr. Grocer, you are very useful no doubt, but don t think you are indispensable. A PRODUCER. Story ef Two Hats. Stray Stories. "I want you to distinctly understand. Emil. that when your colleague's wife has a new hat, I want one, too." "Calm yourself, my dear. We've settled it between us. You're neither of you going to get one." John C'ort'o Address. PORTLAND, Aug. 12. (To the Edi tor.) Kindly give the address of John Cort, theatrical manager. Thanking you. M. A. F. Lonacre building. New York City. Bacteria In Boston. Boston Herald. In the Boston City Hospital, where the most rigid sanitary conditions pre vail, bacteria are found in the air to the number of 1352 to the cubic foot. Srrr German Steamers. London Tit Bits. Last vear, 1914. Germany launched six steamers of more than 10,000 tons, the largest being about 56.000 tons gross. Bcaary at Home. Houston (Tex.) Post. Can you give me any ideas about making my yard more beautiful?" "Yes. Remain in the house. It Iroi't Your Town; It's Yoo. If you want to live In the kind of a town That's tha knia or a town you nice. You needn't slip your clothes In a grip Ana start on a ions, ions niKs. You'll find elsewhere what you left behind. For there s nothlnr tnat a reauy new. It's a knock at yourself when you knock your town; It isn't your town; It's you. Real towns are not made by men afraid l.-st somebody else aets ahead. When everybody works and nobody shirks You can raise a loan uom toe aeaa. And if while you make your personal stake Your neighbor can make one. too. our town will be what you want to see. It Isn t your town; it s you. London (Va. Mirror. The People's Guide "Retail advertising is the people's guide to everyday living," says J. H. Appel. advertising director for John Wanamaker. It is as natural for people to turn to the advertising columns of their newspaper as it is to use the tele phone. Advertising and telephone both signalize the modern Idea of service. They perform that service so well that they are a habit. People no longer wonder at them or think about them they just use them.