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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 9, 1915)
TTTE MORNING OKEGONTAN. MONDAY, AUGUST 9, 1915.
( ; rORTULND, onXGOX.
' Irttm4 at Portland. Oniu. " oat office
. SobacripUoa Kaioa invariably la advance:
! '- (Br Mail.
' . Datlr. Sonday lnetodl. ooo year .......l.e
' Tally. Sunday Included, six moothl ..... 4.
Imiiy. Hue day Included, tare moaiha . Z.
i Iatiy, Sunday Included, on mvou .....
Tm'v fetthnnl Kundftt. BBi WAF ........ S.
. Iiaiit! aubaut Suadajr. alx monlAa
li.. mtttaaa feaadar. iar atuolha . -.
rxuir. nm tuiiaji, aa mau
17 Wavaiy. ona yar ......................
Hunflftv nn .J ...... 2.
! - fcuDdav'anii Wavklv. oaa yaar a.v
i ' (My Cmrrtar.)
1 " Taltr. Sunda Included, on year S.0O
i ' Iraily. Sunday Included, oaa month -
1 " Haw le-Hraill fnd Poatofflr money or
er expreaa rdr or peraunai cnacn oa your
. Incil ban. Siampa, coin or currency are al
- - aender a niL iilva poaioirtco auaraaa u
' Including county and atata.
Itaira II ta IS sasaa. 1 cent:
. to iJ pacea. 2 can la. 14 to 4 pasra. ronu
. & ia i, urM cents: J ta 1
? 'rente. IS to 2 pasea, caata. 'urala
1 poataxa. doubla raiea.
f . . -- nfflMCcrM at CODE'
Hit hutldine New York 1 Yeree
Cankltn. Uier buildtnc Chlcaao; San
. " ranclaco representative. K. J. BlUwetl. .a
' - atarket etreet.
rORTL-.ND. MONDAV. ACGrsT . ltla.
THE ITATEK-roHER COXFERKNCaV
f' Representatives of the water-power
; states are to meet to conference atJ
Portland for the purpose of agreeing
on a plan by which water power can
i be developed with due regard to the
' teres tit of the greatest number.
The Impression la being fostered
' some quarters, that the calling of this
.conference Is a reactionary move Dy
; opponents of conservation and that an
I atiomnt will be made to stifle free dis-
''cusslon and to commit the conference
! to a certain prearranged programme.
The Initiative toward calling the con.
ference was taken by the Oregon
Legislature. To commit the interested
states to any particular programme
' would have been Impossible, even If
It had been desired. Representation
of all shades of opinion In each state,
: and, after the fullest and freest dls-
. cussion. agreement on a pian wmco
will serve the common Interests of all
! the states concerned, are assured by
I the diversity of method by which the
i conferees were elected and by' the
: diversity of political opinion among
; the appointing powers. In some states
the conferees were elected By ine rg
'. Islature. In others they were appointed
by the Governor. In some states the
j Legislature or Governor is Republican,
J In others Democratic. As discussion
will revolve around tha Ferris bill.
those conferees who support the Wll
, son Administration will naturally be
. r red Ls posed In favor of that measure,
while opponents of Mr. Wilson may
. be predisposed against it. But party
; politics do not enter into tne matter,
: Without regard to party. It Is pre
sumed that the interests of his state
' and of all the water-power states
-will be the paramount consideration
with each delegate.
The purpose of the conference is
not reaction from the policy or con
serration to that of prodigal distribu
tion of public property among private,
monopolistic Interests; it is progress
in the development for public Interests
of a public resource which has been
locked up for ten years by the policy
of reservation. As owners of the water
. and as the communities which will
profit directly by development of
. .w 1 iMM.aaMKle
power, tna siatea u iuiiuwi,u,;
the largest Interest In the subject. By
all principles of justice and equity,
Trier inouta oe e ' oj", ,v ..
ka Rnmrnnifni which owns only the
abutting land. In deciding by what
means and on what terms water power
hall be developed
At this point the states disagree
with the Government. Congress, rep
resenting the smaller interest, has un
dertaken without consulting the states
to dictate terms. The House has adopt
ed and the Senate committee has rec
ommended with some material changes
the Ferris bill, which treats water
power rather as a source of joint rev
enue for Nation and states than as a
resource to be developed for the good
f the states which own It. The states
are not as much Interested In deriving
a revenue from water power, except
in the shape of taxes to defray a fair
bare of their expenses, as they are In
terested In the earliest and fullest de
velopment of water power on such
terms as will Insure Its sale, at the low.
est price to their people.
Were the Ferris bill enacted it would
not promote 'development. It would
give rise to such conflicts between Fed
era! and state law that, if any cor
poration sought a Government lease. It
could not comply with botn. it couia
not obtain title to both water power
and power site; it therefore could not
raise money to construct a plant ana
the net product of its efforts would be
litigation. The bill attempts such usur
pation of state power that any attempts
to enforce It would prooaniy result in
Its Invalidation In accordance with
long line of decisions on kindred qu
tlons. Hence the'blll cannot start de
velopment and cannot produce reve
nue. It can only prolong the Govern
ment's holdup of action by the states
to develop the water which is their ex
The monopoly which sponsors of the
Ferris bill profess to fear la a bugaboo
which has no terrors for the Western
States. Being far better informed on
the facts than any officials of the Gov
ernment or any members of Congress,
they know that a monopoly is lmpoeaU
nle. Each having a commission to
regulate rates of public service, they
.have no fear of extortion by any cor
poration, no matter how Urge which
may develop power. For this reason
they are not as anxious as Congress
and Secretary Lane seem to be that
revenue be derived from rentals.
Whatever rental is charged must be
added to the price of power. If none
is charged, power will be proportion
ately cheaper. State utility commis
sions will see to that Were all the
rentals derived from water power in
any one state applied to reclamation
of arid land la that state. Oregon, for
one. might object less strenuously to
this feature of the bill, but this state
will not consent to throw rentals of
its water power into a general fund,
whereby Oregon would continue to be
a milk cow for other states.
The water-power conference has
teen called, not for the purpose of ob
structing legislation, but for the pur
pose of securing to the states which
are directly Interested a voice In shap
ing It. The Ferris bill deals with prop
erty in which they have by far the
largest interest. Until the rise of Pin
chotism it was an accepted precept
that the public land is held la trust for
the benefit of the states In which it
Ilea. Hence the state's Interest should
toe the prime consideration In disposing
of the Government's power sites. The
states should therefore have a control
ling part In framing the law. They are
beet able to Judge of what Is for their
own good, but their opinions have been
persistently Ignored and have been
Tnlarenresented as emanating from
ntpnopojrao foes si cpnjjmpsB. The
conference will speeJt so authorita-
tlvely as representing all shades of
opinion: among that people whom . it
represents that its conclusions cannot
be brushed aside so easily.
AX HOXWT ADVETl.tXENT.
Buyers' Week in Portland is another
Illustration of Portland's effort to do
tnings peiter man any omer ctur.
skeleton of the idea was not ouut "
Portland, yet Buyers- week as con-
ducted here is in a Droaoer sense
unique, zso other dry serves one jun
That the plan has been popular has
Deen demonstrates Dy xne practical ex
perience of two annual events held In
the past and by the wider attention
created by the current one. Portland,
oy com Dining nospitauty ana enter -
tajnment wltn easiness, nas inaugur
ated an annual enternrise that cannot
be excelled as a commercial asset.
Buyers' Week may be likened to a
form of advertisement, but. like any
other advertisement, it must be an
honest one to be effective. It would not
do Portland a particle of good com-
mercially to exert Itself to the utmost
to brlna- buyers to this city to be dined,
provided with theater tickets and taken
for auto trips, if Portland whoiesal -
ers were then unable to meet the com-
petition of their rivals in other cities
In price, quality, honest dealing and
in promptness in filling orders. A
knowledge that they can meet such
competition Is the basis of this bid of
Portland's for the trade of the North-
Portland has offered special induce-
ments to the buyers to visit the whole-
salers this week, that they may get
acauainted and ascertain for them-
elves the advantages of trading in
Portland. They will find their hours
well occupied. Nothing will be undone
to give them a pleasant and profitable
a rwrrsT Ann Avn vow.
One hundred years ago last June
the battle of Waterloo was fought be-
tween Napoleon and the allies of that
aay. xet tne news 01 mat ri ,.BUt gmnnery records, flashed through
did not reach America for forty days, l . t.. s..,.. i, v.i
and was not printed in New TorkunUi
August z, .isis. iony-xur u-j
ine .c-vein uk rusi l
(August 2. llli) contains a reproauc-
tlon of the century-old dispatch
Its columns. It came to Boston by
cllpper-shlp and was forwarded I to the
rost irom its uoston corre.pouue.iii. u,
mail, me oniy - -
slnrle line in small black type, "Im
portant-" and then followed an on
adorned narrative of Waterloo, as told
br tha Boston correspondent, whose
headouarters were with the Boston
Dallv Advertiser, and whose letter was
dated July SI. 1815.
Those were not the days of the
telegraph or the cable, or of the war
correspondent, or even of the dally
newsnaoer. It would be Intolerable to
the modern reader, for example, to wait
for forty days for announcement of
the fall of Warsaw. It la inconceivable
to the present-day mind what would
have been the status of Intelligence
In America If we had not for more I hot from the oven. To prove that It Is
than a month known of the outbreak I easier to get along comfortably In In
of the present war. Great events I dlanapolls, the News makes the fol-
followed rapidly. Tet we should have I
been in utter darkness about them I
and In complete uncertainty about the I
r 1 1 iii-a. of all movements I
we elmm I
There, ara soma who will say that I
nam-. u-r..n tha nubile reads
it. and not when It happens, and the
people of a former period were as
well off as their newspaper-bombarded
UMCCUU .. ' " v. " . ' " I
anyone, if he could, go back to old I
, i wsm mn T9,ie wntilff, l
OEMHUt B. jr. TRACT. I
The memory of General Benjamin F.
Tracy will always live, because of the
sixty years he spent In the public serv-
ice. dui cmeny oecu. t m.o fi ""
naa in DUliaing tne mouern n.iy. a and ,f he ,8 fond of potatoes, to
the early '80s the Navy had become a I . . ,.tl,.i j - ew
Joke, and the sinking of the old wooden
satire. The first steps toward building I
muueru e..Mi , j j . , I
W. E. Chandler under President Ar- 1
thuT and the work was continued with I
vigor by W. C. Whitney under PresI
dent Cleveland, but the most substan
tlal results were shown by General
Tracy under Harrison. There was the
same morbid dread of militarism In
those days as there is in some quar
ters today, and approprlaUons were
coaxed irom uougrees 1U1 Uliutuiur. I
. , . . . a, I
Had he not had so honorable a part
in ouiio ni. '7
wouia euu naie i m i
lion tor hjs uuirr cutcwiuwu. u
fought at the Wilderness in the Civil
War, he fought tne wnisky ring in tne
New York courts, and he defended
.... ... . . . i
Beecher in the Tllton Trial.
hnt not broken by the disaster which
. vi. ie. mwA J.n.kta. v. I
uiwa 4i - i
returned to law practice) when he re-
Ured from public office at an age when
many men retire for life, and he I
l I .maK.w nnwme r.ntlllT I
until within a short period of his death.
General Tracy was a fighter, si
..ii J . ..,w.. Ha e-nr. nt
rather than rusted out and his vital-
... . . .. . I
Ity dOUDtiess lasted longer Because "
persisted 1n working. I
WHAT TROUBLES COTORESS.
Tk. A rim in tat ration's worrv about I
how to provide revenue to make good I
th rrnvlnr Haflcit Is due chiefly to its
reluctance to do the obviously wise
thina-. That reluctance is inspired by I
politics where statesmanship should I kindly, however, of New York Progres
ruje. Islves who Intend to enroll as Repub-
r-nntlnuation of emerrencv taxes for I
another year would remove one cause I
of anxiety, and continuation of the I
nraunt ane-ar dntv. instead of rjuttlna-
ugar on the free list on May 1, would I
remove another. Congress could then I
proceed to Impose more emergency I
htm to make no the remalnlnr denclt. I
The shortage now exlsUng and any
which remained after passing these I name a ticket or its own, ana wm se
measures could be met by selling Pan- I lect this ticket and write Its platform
ama Canal bonds. I before either the Republicans or Dem-
rnne-reaa hesitates to do these things
baeauaa its leaders fear pollUcal con-
sequences. It Is unwilling to repeal
the provision of the Underwood tariff l
nutunr mnr on the free list because
dislikes to touch the tariff again. I
It feara the voters' wrath In case emer- I
gency taxes are continued, so. like Ml-
cawber. It waits for something to turn I
n which will relieve It of the neces-
ltv Tt fears, to make rood the prece-
dent that no Democratic Administra-1
Mn ainca tha Civil War has got
through without a bond issue, so canal I
bonds are not sold. I
Additional revenue will be needed. I
not onlv to make rood the deficit but
to meet the cost of the programme of I
atlonal defense, adoption of which I
now seems cerUln. Sale of all un-
uad ranal honds would co far to do
this. The heaviest initial expense will I
be for building of warships, making of
mere, artery, rlflej ftal taTimMlflon,
enough to supply both tne regular
Army and the militia, reserves and vol.
unteer armies. If Congress would but
sell the useless Navy-yards and Army
I posts, as was proposed Dy Becretary
Stimson, and would concentrate tne
- - .frl-ed on main.
I ..... wouiri almost nav the added
annual expense. Hero again politics
I interferes, for a howl would go up
from every state and district affected
The troubles of Congressmen are due
not BO mucn to the work of Congress
u xx the embarrassment arising from
the effort to hold their Jobs. They
mut always consider both what the
- 1 public interest requires them to do and
what their nersonal. nolitleal interest
I permits them to do. Between the two
tney are 0ften unable to decide, so they
1 a0 nothing.
w -vival iuuiu.
I It is evident that the Oregon Is aval
Militia has been making rapid strides
In the direction of efficiency during the
past few months. Not only do excel
I lent reports come of the conduct of of
1 fleers and men on the annual cruise,
but the organization has Just made an
I enviable record In gunnery by breaking
1 all Pacisc Coast records and roiling up
a percentage of hits which may give to
Oregon the National trophy,
I In strong contrast this to the state of
I the organization when the last Legis
Mature all but disbanded it as hopeless.
lit will be recalled that the Senate voted
the militia out by a two-to-one vote
I following charges that dissent, in,
I trlgue and extravagance had formed
the principal occupation of the militia
I since the date of its inception
I The Senate finally reversed itself on
I the assurance of Adjutant-General
I White that he would be responsible
I personally for the future conduct of
I the crew, and that this pledge has been
I met is made plain by the achievements
of the Oregon seamen during recent
I n,l. Tka mA ,1H hrelri
,nrlBlr, t thA ,.n.kHn
.,, .,. , i.ii .ir. ina- it-
conUnued existence. News of the Ore-
I esterday 8erve, alona tf repay the
laUitti toT the small sum appropriated
I . mrrr tha, organization throuerh the
i x-.t xrintio I. nt(tirl
t0 the hearty support of the public so
. ,. .,... ... n,irma
Gunne who can drve thirty-five out
.f forty neavy 8heUs through a small
target from a moving ship at 1800
yards are a valuable asset to the coun
try these days.
IXVtSQ HERE AND ELSEWHERE.
I Out of the gloom of the war, and
I the uncertainty we will use no more
I despairing term or tne industrial sit-
I uation, the Indianapolis News pro-
I teases itseu aoie to una a ray or sun
shine. The cost of living has gone
I down in Indianapolis so that the
I Indiana city, long the center of Hoosler
I art and Wabash literature, has now a
I new attractiveness foe residents who
want both tneir rood and tneir reading
lowing Interesting comparison of com
mission prices at present and a year
Article) Thle rear. Lait rear.
r.ew apples, dubuci. .a .ta 9i.io v.w
uantalourrea. Deckers. Daa.. . iu .76)
Huckleberrtea. erata l.TS 150
cn". oooryla, ouanat..
Heana, green. Duanei...
caobagw. barrel ,
S: pound 7.7.
peaa, buahei ...
Sweet potatoea. buahol 1.7.
x,mltMl baakat J
This remarkable list has a most per
suasive appeal for vegetarians: but the
man woo nas a ggoa, ueuuiy ttppcuie
V. asv iVi.tran vx--ilv lSss Itirllnofl tr
aak for a few more particulars. 0f
cour8e lf onft l8 wjmng. to live in the
white River basin during a long Sum
othep tog, that Is the piace and this
is the time for him. But If he seeks
yarjety of comestibles, with a fair
range of prices, we can think of no
.., , ' ,h.
d ouU cost of lMng here has
not shown the astonishing declines
claimed for Indianapolis, although we
have a public market. Some articles
are cheaper than a year ago. and oth
ers are not. The discriminating eater
can live more cheaply lf he wishes,
, . v ityot h. T
aaca-J WU Maori. SI W we. aaww aw
r,,lo In PnrMnnil
, m.m. t.hi. .rti.
Idea are and were as follows
Today. Tear ago.
riwr, bdl .......s.io
guitar, it. u
r w btbl. ani. ....... .
Nji .PPi.. box .. .75
Cantaiaupea. erata 1.00
e . .40 e) .Ti
O -01 la .01f .0
S.SS 1.00 01.11
.50 .70 0 .74
Oraen corn, erata.
T.lVe henB. lb.
Liveatock. pr io"i-
fihaan ....... i.I5
So there you are.
Tou pays your
money and you takes your cnoice.
FARTT FROGRESSTVSj, BUT
Colonel Roosevelt, on his return to
Oyster Bay from his trip to the Pacific
Coast, declared his purpose to "enroll
as a Progressive. tie spoxe most
Ucans. and said It naa Deen nne oi
them to have made the great fight they
have made during the last three years
for progressive principles. -ine t,ojo-
nel issued his statement only a day or
two after Victor Murdock. of Kansas.
chairman of the progressive national
committee, announcea iui me
party will be in the field in 116. will
ocrats hold their National convention,
Scrutiny of the carefully prepared
statement of Colonel Roosevelt ahows
that it aoes noi go " im-. bui uijr
so far. as aoes mat oi mr. wuruoci
The uoionei naa uotnmg to ny o.
atory of the Republican party; ne did
not assert a purpose to fight the Re-
publican nominee In 1816; in fact, he
left the way pen Dy v. men ne can,
though "enrolling aa a Progressive,
support the Republican ticket next
year if the ticket is to ms using.
There is a vast difference between
Colonel Roosevelt and Victor Murdock.
The Colonel la confessedly a -pracii'
cal man" and a practical politician.
Mr. Murdock la an enthusiast of the
one - Idea type, tie was oeieatea tor
Congress because the Jtepuoiicans ot
his district would not support mm, ana
yet. had he gone back t the Repub-
llcan party and not undertaken to keep
jopea, jHf brfiftcl, v Cwaocrfct .would
not have been elected last year to suc
ceed him. Two years before, when
Bull Moosery was at its height. Mr.
Murdock managed to pull through.
The lesson of his own case appears not
to have impressed him.
Making predictions as.to what Colo
nel Roosevelt intends to do In politics
Is uncertain business, but there are cer
tain facts that stand out to be consid
ered. The Colonel, as is well known,
Is thoroughly disgusted with the Dem.
ocratic administration of Government
affairs. He believes, and he says, that
a continuation of Democratic control
will be Injurious te the country, both
at - home and 'internationally. The
Colonel believes the Democratic tariff
Is largely responsible for the present
condition of business in the United
States, and he knows that the Under
wood tariff will stand as long as the
Democrats remain in control. The
Colonel is as anxious as any man to see
a return of prosperity.
Feeling as he does, Colonel Roose
velt will likely be alow to declare his
Intentions with regard to the campaign
of 1918. He knows, as everyone else
knows, that the Democrats cannot be
turned out if the opposition is divided,
He knows, as everyone else knows, that
the Progressive party today is a sorry
weakling compared to what it was in
1912. He. therefore, may ponder long
over the prospects of reviving that
party, or so much of It as remains,
prospects of swinging the Progressive
party, or so much of it as remains,
back to the Republican party if the
Republicans nominate a candidate in
sympathy with reasonably progressive
ideas. Colonel Roosevelt, moreover, is
aware that thousands of voters in the
country will follow his lead next year,
no matter how he votes or what candi
date he supports. Therefore a great
responsibility will rest upon his shoul
Judging by remarks Colonel Roose
velt has made in conferences with Re
publicans the type of Republicans
with whom he is conferring these days
his first desire next year is to see
the Democratic ticket defeated and a
ticket elected which will insure a re
turn to the protective tariff system.
He is as bitterly opposed as ever to
what he terms the "reactionaries," and
he is as anxious as ever to see the old
Republican leaders unhorsed. If this
could be brought about by a Repub
lican National convention dominated
by progressive Republicans; if a Re
publican of the progressive type could
be nominated on a truly progressive
Republican platform,'- Colonel Roose
velt's Indorsement of that convention
would not be' surprising.
Whether the Colonel will attempt to
shape the course of the Republican
convention, or whether he will let that
convention take its own course, and
determine his own plans afterwards,
no one is able to say. But the public
utterances of the Colonel, so far as re
ported, contain nothing that would bar
him from supporting the Republican
ticket in 1816 lf that ticket should
meet with his approval.
If all offenders against women and
girls were "railroaded" as were the
two la Lincoln County last week,
Judge Lynch would have no jurisdic
tlon. .The crime of these vagrants
was grave and the people of Lincoln
County were sorely tempted, but good
counsel prevailed. Fortunately, the
Circuit Court was in session and that
lessened the danger of an outburst of
wrath. The offenders will have long
years to serve and the lesson to oth
ers of like Intent will be heeded.
Dr. Logan's tirade against the easy
chair Is technical but nonsensical.
When a man is tired he finds rest in
'sitting on his neck" with his feet
elevated. Continued practice may
shorten his life, but little he cares
when relaxing. The time has not come
when chairs are made to fit and the
home that has the most rockers will
always be the most comforting and
Next time there is a controller fire
in the front end of a streetcar, the
passengers would better sit tight and
let the conductor pull down the trol
ley pole. This will require nerve, to
be sure, but think of the startling
tales of heroism the women can tell
Afro-American papers will now
come to the front and call attention
to the crime in Lincoln County that
was not committed by black men.
They also can state there were no
The British prize crew of five who
were held prisoners on the bark Pass
of Balmaha will not dare show their
faces or confess their idenitty in Brit
ain. The story Is a rich morsel for
A speed of 100 miles an hour Is
fatal to any auto which is not per
fect in all its parts and to any driver
whose entire faculties of mind and
body work without a flaw, if the least
bad luck befalls them.
How can we raise an aristocracy of
Apollos and Venuses, as Dr. Kellogg
suggests, when Apollo continually mar.
lies a homely heiress and Venus flings
herself away on a gllb-tongued scrub?
"What Luther Burbank says as to se
lection and production of plants and
animals is true, but the human race,
perverse, will not have It that way.
Kentucky Democrats have nomi
nated a "wet" candidate for Governor,
a proper proceeding, for a "dry' Dem
ocrat in Kentucky Is an anomaly. .
Upsetting the law of gravity is all
a matter of knowing how to alight.
Another man has fallen from a hotel
window and escaped death.
The units that compose organized
labor are not opposed to the Colum
bia Highway and celebration of the
progress of the work.
If the House military committee fa.
vors Army reform, It will have to over
ride its chairman, who Is fifty years
behind the times.
Carranza insists that he is the whole
thing in Mexico, and probably nobody
but Funston can change his opinion.
Ex-Senator Burton's views on Na
tional defense will be a handicap to
his ambition for the Presidency.
Judging by news from the beaches,
nobody Is at home but the "widow
ers." Des Moines new speedway had the
customary baptism in blood.
The man or woman wearing a Buy
ers' week badge is entitled to the best
The harmless X-ray does not fit that
kiu pt skirt.
Twenty-Five Years Ago
From The Oregonian of August 9. 1890.
T. T. Stanley. ex-President of th
Monmouth Normal, will make his fu
ture home in Portland, where he will
be Joined in a few days, by his wife
Dr. A. H. Ldndley. of the Oregon Land
Company, is laid up from the effects
of a spider bite. He was bitten about
a week ago by a small spider, but
thought nothing of it. He had th
wound done sip with some absorben
cotton and supposed it would be al.
right in a few days. But It has grown
very painful and he Is confined to his
room with several doctors in attend
ance. The swelling has extended up
his entire left arm and serious re.
suits are feared.
Dr. Fred Prehn. D. D. S., has Just
opened elerrant dental parlors in room
2, Dekum building, corner Third and
Washington strets. The doctor still
continues his old rooms in the Union
block, corner First and Stark streets.
Mr. I. Hodgson, Jr., the architect.
who is to have charge of the Chamber
of Commerce building, returned here
from Omaha yesterday, and was rush
ing around in search of suitable rooms
for an office which he will furnish
The sulphite pulp mill at Oregon City
started up a few days ago, and is now
being operated successfully, making
about nine tons of pulp a day. .
County Judge Moreland yesterday ap
DOinted C. W. Lomler administrator o
the estate of John Webster deceased.
The estate Is valued at $1000.
New York, Aug. 8. Arthur Krupp, of
Germany, has arrived In New York. He
will make an extensive tour through
the United States to study Its Iron in
dustrv. and will attend the convention
of German and English Iron founders
and engineers. Arthur Krupp is a cou
sin of F. Krupp. the" manufacturer of
cannon and steel guns in Jbssen, uer
many, and he himself is the extensive
owner of an extensive naraware iac.
tory in Berndorffe, Austria, in. which
his cousin la special partner.
Half a Century Ago
From. The Oregonlan of August 9. 1S65.
The books used In the office of Libby
Prison, and containing the names, regl
mcnt, date of capture, etc, oi every
Federal officer and private mat ever
passed the doors of that prison, have
been sent to Washington, as the records
of much that Is valuable, historical and.
curious. The books have one recom
mendation. they have been well kept.
The whole number of prisoners con
fined in Libby Prison, from tne out
break of the war to its close, is est!
mated in round numbers at 125,000.
A good audience, both as to dollars
and respectability, greeted the first
performance of Lee and Ryland's Circus
Troupe, in this city last evening. The
company performs well, and leas than
half they do is well wortn tne price
of admission, to those who are fond of
In the change of the Oregon Iron
Works, Mr. John Nation, who has been
connected with the business since the
organization of the company, retires
from the firm. Mr. Nation has rendered
efficient service to the projectors of
new enterprises in this country during
his time, when they required anything
In the line of machinery, and. as chief
workman of the Oregon Iron Works,
had the confidence of his associates and
the esteem of those In his employ.
The light-draught steamer Echo,
Captain Bell, leaves on regular trips
between Salem and Canemah, twice a
San Francisco, Aug. 8. Advices from
Arizona report that the Apaches are on
the warpath, and are creating great
consternation throughout the country.
On July 11 they attacked a train near
Tucson. Ariz., killing 84 persons ana
capturing 18000 specie.
At a meeting of the Portland Turn
Verein. held in their hall August 7, the
following officers were elected for the
new term, viz.: Leopold Wolff, presr
dent: S. Frohman, secretary; L. Water,
man. treasurer; N. H. seugman, nrst
turner; S. Waterman, second turner.
and S. Moritz. warden.
PORTLAND IS CITY BEAUTIFUL,
Natural Attractions Can Be Enhanced
by Removing Weed Growth.
PORTLAND, Aug. 8. (To the Editor.)
Every citizen of Portland must ex
perience a degree of delight In the
coming of so many National conven
tlons to our city. Each one brings us
something to think about that is well
worth while. We are pleased with the
full and fair notice given them by The
Oregonian. The city, too, is generous
in Its courtesies. What line-look lng-,
intelligent people make up these dele
That we have the most beautiful city
to show them of all the cities of the
Coast is easy of demonstration. This
has been done repeatedly, disinterested
parties being the witnesses. Recently
addressing an audience in the suburb
of Baltimore. I remarked that Port
land is the most beautiful of all the
Coast cities and told them to visit our
city, go to Council Crest, view the
cities below, the rivers, snow-capped
peaks, and I felt sure they would
agree with me. After the address
three persons came out .of the audi
ence and said they had seen all our
Coast cities, had been on Council Crest
and that they neartiiy agreed with me.
How many are the expressions of de
light by strangers who visit us! Not
long since a friend stood on the Crest
and exclaimed, "There can be no more
wonderful scene than this."
Love of the beautiful is a well de
fined trait of the educated American.
Where beauty appears there will the
human eye range. It appeals to the
artist, which may account for the
many in our midst.
Let our city government continue to
beautify our city that its scenic as
well as artistic parts may appeal to
all visitors. We must leave no bur
docks, thistles or other obnoxious
weeds to mar it, but cut to the city
limits with a precision that will ad
mit of no doubt as to where the city
begins. We have added to our re
sponsibility by extending our boun
daries and must see that these new
parts lack not In the elements of
cleanliness and adornment.
A wealth of beauty described by tne
poets can be seen from the heights.
Our Rose Festival (the last pro
nounced the best of all) stands for Im
perishable, progressive ideals. The
esthetic and the ethical ar closely
related. It is easy to be good where
nature smiles and art attracts.
Some of us looked upon the Alps,
the Rhine, the Hudson. They call
forth great admiration. Do they sur
pass us in grandeur and beauty? I
think not. Many travelers- give our
scenes first place. Surely Portland Is
The City Beautiful."
Danghters of Revolution.
PORTLAND. Ausr. 6. (To the Edi
tor.) Being eligible, am desirous of
oining the Daughters oi tne American
Revolution. Can you advise me re
garding fees, qualifications necessary,
etc, also as to whom application should
be made for membership? J. M. ti.
Apply to Mrs. James N. Davis, 861
pUwilofno W.eaue, Portland, ,
FARMERS LIVE HIGH AT HUBBARD
Sot Community Which Eats Only What
It Cannot Sell.
HUBBARD, Or, Aug. 7. (To the Ed
itor.) We, the undersigned, think you
are wrong in your criticism of J. 6.
Yoder's letter, which appeared July 81.
In the first place, the lecturer re
ferred to was not a minister, and, sec
ond, the dinner he referred to was no",
out of the ordinary farmers' Sunday
We emphatically deny that we are
hurrying our husbands into "untimely
graves" by feeding them our "sour
bread, slale butter and soggy pota
toes." We are not domestic science grad
uates, but we pride ourselves that we
know how and do cook palatable meals.
True, we sell cream, but not until
we have set aside enough for table
use and churning the butter used In
the home; doing this in preference to
buying creamery products.
As to eggs, after picking out the
largest and freshest for our own ta
bles, we sell the remainder to the coun
try dealer, and you know who con
sumes them after so long a time.
Finally, this community does not be
long to that settlement of whom It was
said that they took to town and sold
what they could and, coming home,
drove by the hog lot and threw in
what the hogs would eat. the remain
der being saved for the owner's ta
ble. We are on a rural route eight and nine
miles out from Hubbard, and do not
know how many vegetables the good
people of that town buy in the city.
They can defend themselves. But
Judging from the display of fruit and
vegetables at the Institute fair, held
In that town last November, it does
not seem reasonable that they wquld
burden the city dealer with heavy or
ders. But "honest Indian." Mr. Editor, was
not your criticism directed more for
the purpose or getting an invitation
tn a real farmer's dinner? Therefore,
we cite you to John's gospel, chapter
I, verse 46.
Mrs. Nellie u. loaer, Airs, jenmo
Schulknecht, Mrs. Etta M. Toder, Mrs.
A. WIdstrand, Mrs. Anna Toder Wat
son. Misa Mary A. Yoder. Mrs. Alice
Sconce, Mrs. Verbu Taylor. Miss Maude
Yoder, Mrs. Annie nan, jura, mnua x..
Cooper, Miss Mary E. Yoder, Miss Elsie
M. Yoder, Mrs. Eva Yoder. Miss Pansy
Hart, Miss Florence Yoder, Mrs. Ber
tha Yoder Rittenour, Mrs. J. B. Yoder,
Mrs. I. H. Yoder, Mrs. 1 JU. loaer.
Mrs. Catherine Yoder, Mrs. Jennie Yo
der, Mrs. Edna Yoder, Mrs. jseuie id
ler Eyman, Mrs. Kate Sconce, Miss
Amy Sconce. Mrs. Clara Cooper, Mrs.
The Oregonian has not Intended to
criticise cooking at Hubbard or any
place in particular, and It Is quite ready
to announce after reading tne iore-
going earnest letter that Hubbard peo
ple live on the fat of the land. Willam
ette Valley land at that, which means
that nobody anywhere lives' any bet
ter. But one swallow does not make
a Summer. Our comparison of city and
country provender was general In char
acter. PLAN WOULD BOTTLE MINERALS
Correspondent Seea Danger In Mr. Lau
rie's Land Grant Proposal.
TnTtTLAND. Aug. 8. (To the Ed
itor.) It is inconceivable to the writer
hnv H. N. Laurie, chairman of tha
Oregon Bureau of Mines and Geology,
so well acquainted with the mineral re
sources of Oregon and possessing bo
great a technical Knowledge concern
ing mining ground in the state, can
submit to the people of Oregon a plan
such as has been recently presented
through the columns of The Oregonian.
The plan suggests that the mineral
i,n. nnri resources "be sold to the
highest bidder in no more than 2560
acre tracts, exempting the timber and
granting only such surface area as
may be found necessary for mining de
velopment. The appraised value shall
constitute the lowest bid acceptable.
THa RizA of tha tract and exempted sur
face area Bhall be left to the discretion
of the board, with power to refuse any
nnri nil nrODOSalS."
Without a doubt Mr. jjaune speaas
only wltn a aesire iur ueueut
people as a whole and is prompted by
nniflnh motive in expressing his
views. But lf the plan as outlined by
Mr. Laurie were followed I believe it
wnnl H strike riirnt at tne neari ui
nrnmsn and development of Oregon
To sell mineral lands to the highest
bidder would be to eliminate every pos
sibility of the prospector's making a
livelihood. To seu tne mineral if
nmirr-AB nt tha state In 2560-acre tracts,
a Mr. Laurie suggests, would be to
oVo nwav the field or laDor ror an
who Rtart out In search of gold. We
mimt nrimit. that the prospector is the
one who discovers gold, even inougn ne
to nnt thn on a who really gets it. ine
plan would result as a scheme to place
the lands in tne nanus ui me
as only the wealthy could afford to
make high bids and buy In such large
tracts. In effect It would DOttie tne
mineral resources of Oregon Just as
tight as when in control of the rail
road company as far as the prospector
Instead of reimbursing the railroad
rsnmnanv for each acre as the land la
sold, under Mr. Laurie's plan, I would
suggest that the Government take oyer
the entire grant at z.ou per awo,
thereby eliminating the company's en
tire interest in the matter, aside from
nnv nnmnensation the Government may
deem wise to allow for the taxes the
company has paid in excess or jz.ou per
acre. It is the writer's belief that the
individual citizen would be more apt to
get a fairer deal from the Government
thnn from the railroad company or
when left In the hands of a discrim-
nating board, as suggested Dy mr.
Tjiurie. As soon as the uovernment
purchased these lands the prospector
would locate ana uegin to uuveiup mo
mineral ground, now so long in liti
Numerous Plans nave uetju uertuucu
before the public intending to lead the
people away irom me main issue oi
the errant question, but lf all would
keep the rights of the citizens of Ore
gon uppermost in their minds, con
sider the distribution of the funds de
rived from the sale of these lands of
minor importance, whether profiting to
the Government, tne state or tne rail
road, consider the establishment ot
Bottlers and prospectors upon these
lands of greater importance, it is clear.
ly evident that Congress will adopt a
Dlan and policy not out oi xiarmuuy
with true progress and in accordance
with the best interests of the develop
ment ot both the state s agricultural
and mineral resources.
wauk v. iaawia.
A Problem in Egas.
EUGENE, Or., Aug. 8. (To the
Editor.) Here is a very neat little
problem that will make people sit up
and take notice. If you will insert it
In your paper you will have quite a
nice little puzzle.
A farmer gave nis tnree sons.
James, Harry and Will, 10, 30 and 60
eggs respectively, and told them that
thev must bo to the neighboring vil
lage and dispose of them at the same
price per egg and bring to mm tne
same amount of money. There was to
be no dividing up of the money or any
other schemes to make the money come
out even. That is to say the 10 eggs,
the 30 eggs and the 60 eggs must
bring the same price gross."
I believe that there will be quite
a few people figure on It. If an ex
planation Is needed I can furnish one.
R. BARTLETT BAKER.
None at AIL
ST. HELENS. Or., Aug. 8. (To the
Editor.) Assuming that one C. J. Hexa
mer, of Philadelphia, is ashamed of
our Government, as stated, is there any
law compelling hi" l',ve in this
pountryj 35k B.
European War Primer
By national Geographical Society.
Beyond the northern limits of the
scrub pine and shaggy, stunted fir,
there is a Russian people, the Samo
yeds, who, in all likelihood, have not
yet learned that the Crimean war la
ended, and who, in all likelihood, have
no Idea of the difficulties that the Tsar,
the Little Father who adopted them,
is facing in a present world war. So
vast is the Muscovite realm that ru
mors of the greatest war in history
cannot have penetrated to its outskirts,
to the wastes fringing the Arctic, to
the mountain tangles just beyond Mon
golia, or to the evergreen forests of
Kamschatka. Russia harbors many
strange peoples and all of the lan
guages of the northern hemisphere
within her boundaries, and it will be
long before the news of the present
war, told In "friend pidgin," will arrest
the attention of her subject tribes. The
Samoyeds are the fragments of a race
crowded into the bleak north by the
Tartars, a race which lost its foothold
in the more fruitful, generous south,
and which now is paying the penalty
of being pushed to the wall, by for
getting most of its former civilization
and by dying out. Under the protec
tion of the Tsar these people are as
sured of a peaceful oblivion behind the
white veil of the North.
The Samoyeds are a Mongolian peo
ple, who live in the wide sweep of
tundra country that reaches from tha
mouth of the White Sea across Europe,
in places a belt more than 500 miles
in depth, from the Arctic Sea to the
northern line where the forests vanish.
They are reindeer herders, fishermen,
and hunters of seal. It is through
their surpluses in these three things
that , they come into contact with the
Russian trader, who visits them in
their far northern centers, or whom
they make long journeys .to visit to
the city of Archangel. Reindeer skins,
seal skins, furs, fish and reindeer meat
are sold by the Samoyeds to their Rus
sian neighbors, for the Russian official
and the Russian trader are established
In widely scattered outposts here in
the north country, isolated from the
world, many hundreds of miles from
railroads, telephones and telegraphs,
and beyond the reach of the press.
The Yurak Samoyeds, that branch
which dwells In European Russia, if is
estimated, counts in all only about 6000.
Of these 6000 live In the European tun
dra. In build they are short and stocky,
with faces much more flattened than
the Finns, with thick lips, black hair,
flat noses and dark complexions. They
are said to be a fearless and warlike
people, though it Is generations since
they have given any evidence of ag
gressive temperament. In their deal
ings with the stranger they are de
scribed as mild and scrupulously honest.
Mighty rivers, like the Pschora, drain
through their lands into the Arctic Sea.
In the brief Summer and Spring times
these streams, thawing much sooner in
their southern sources, sweep in turbu
lent floods over the flat lands border
ing their lower reaches. Of roads
through the tundra there are almost
none, and such as exist are possible
only for the hardy reindeer and the all
enduring little horses of the North.
Small villages and human habitations
are hundreds of miles apart, and then,
often, are merely post stages, which
the Russian government has established
for the transportation of mails and
rare passengers beyond the confines of
civilization to such far places as the
The Samoyeds are a poor people,
mostly, and very thrifty. They eke out
a precarious existence in their inhos
pitable country, and have learned
through necessity to eat anything
which grows there. They eat even tha
wolves that menace the safety of their
reindeer and of themselves upon their
seal and far-hunting trips. Besides
meat and fish the Samoyeds have a
plain, hard, black bread as staple, and
another bread, which is baked of putrid
fish and rye meal.
SOME HIGH-STEPPERS IX CITY
Not Horses, bat Streetcars Are Object
of This Protest.
PORTLAND, Aug. 8. (To the Edi
tor.) Some five years ago I made a
fight against high car steps and it
met with considerable success. The
company lowered the steps of a good
many cars, but I do not think they
quite lived up to all they promised, as
might be seen by reading the minutes
of a committee meeting that had that
matter In hand.
The company seems to have gathered
all those old, extremely high cars to
gether and put them on the Portland
Heights run. Some ladies and myself
waited till six cars had run by, hop
ing to get one with lower steps; and
were obliged to take the seventh high
stepper. I found one of those high
cars the other evening on the East
Side. A lady told me that there was
one high car on the East Side that
she could not get Into at all. I told
her she ought to have taken the
None of us that waited for the sev
enth Portland Heights car were lame
or decrepit. We are all pretty lim
ber. But there is no doubt that these
cars are disastrous to the health of
all women, whether thin or stout,
young or old, and I am glad the osteo
pathic convention nas tan en it up. x
hope the Council will do likewise;
otherwise, the women may have to
take the matter up again.
These high cars do not seem neces-
sarv in other cities, and why here?
I know the company will talk about
mysterious specifications as they did
before, and as a conductor on tne
East Side did a few evenings ago. I
know that women in some of the
Eastern cities made successful pro
tests against such cars.
MRS. NIJNA LAKUWi.
Lest We Forget.
PORTLAND, Aug. 8. (To tha Edi
tor.) Answering the question of
George H. Shinn, yes, it is the same
Mr. Bryan who, after being refused
an election as captain of a Lincoln
company, was appointed Colonel by a
It Is the same Bryan, who, when his
regiment was ordered to do duty in
Havana, resigned, because - he could
"better serve his country as a private
citizen," and now resigns as Secretary
of State because he can "better serve
President Wilson as a private citizen
than as Secretary of State."
In both instances Mr. Bryan was
tongue-tied, and that is fatal to his
happiness. In both instances he re
signed when danger threatened and
the need was greatest.
J. G. TATE.
4233 Fifty-second street Southeast.
What Every Woman
Ask the - average woman to
name six leading French gen
erals and she probably could
But ask her to name six lead
ing Parisian milliners or dress
makers and she would have no
Ask her to name the leading
stores in the town, the best food
products; the best housekeeping
devices and she would be a mine
Because the modern woman
is the great buying power, and
as such she knows it pays her
to read the advertising in her
favorite newspaper and keep informed.