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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 4, 1915)
VOL. jLV. NO. 17,063.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 4, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
: HELD JUSTIFIE
vKevv Conditions Require New
Rules, is Reply.
ElOCKAK POLICY DEFENDED
American Protest Declared
Untenable in Law or Inter
CIVIL WAR CASES CITED
United States Said to Have
Then Developed Continuous
OCTL1SE Or COSTE3TIOSS or
GREAT BR IT A 1.1 .S TO
ChtDitd condition, of war de
dared to require new application
of principle of International la
t'nlted States cited aa bavin
"developed, applied and en
forced" doctrine of continuous
voyage. in civil War by seixlnr
Britten ahip bound for Wcat
Blockade limited" to German
porta, says note, would leave
open man; routes for German
Fundamental principleof block
ade asserted to rest on right of
belligerent to Intercept com
merce of enemy
American commerce held to
bare profited by more than
enough to atone for loss of Ger
man and Austrian trade.
Supplemental note says prise
courts are subject only to In
struction of their own sovereign.
Right of arbitration still open
to those who contend they hare t
been treated unfairly In prise- J
Reply In Neches case Is denial
t allow free passage of good i
originating In territory under J
WASHINGTON. An?. 3. Great
Britain's) replies to the latest Amer
ican representations against interfer
ences with neutral commerce reject
entirely the contention that the orders-in-council
are illegal and justify the
British course as being- wholly within
LiuuabBinauiv cuuer in point 01
law or upon principles of international ;
expaty" s the British reply to thej
American protest against the blockade
of neutral ports, with an invitation to '
submit to international arbitration!
any cases in which the United States I
, is dissatisfied with the action of Brit-
ish prize courts. j
Conditions of Warfare Changed.
Great Britain's reply, embodied in
two notes, one supplemental, was made
public here tonight and in London
simultaneously by agreement between
the two governments. With the notes j
was made public also the correspond
ence over the American steamer Ne
ches, seized by the British while en
route from Rotterdam to the United
States 'with goods of German origin.
All the correspondence aggregates
Changed conditions of warfare, the
British note contends, require a new
application of the principles of inter
rational law. The advent of the sub
marine, the airship and the alleged
atrocities by German troops in Bel
gium are cited as justification for the
exercise of extreme measures.
Blockade Held Justified.
The blockade is justified on the
contention that the universally recog
nized fundamental principle of a block
ade is that a belligerent is entitled to
cut off "by effective means the sea
borne commerce of his enemy."
The note reiterates that Great
Britain will continue to apply the or
ders complained of, although not with
out every effort to avoid embarrass
ment to neutrals, and observes that
the American statistics show that any
loss in trade with Germany and Aus
tria has been more than overbalanced
by the increase of other industrial ac
tivities due to the war.
Measures Declared Reasonable.
In the general reply to the Amer
ican representations against the orders-in
-council Sir Edward Grey, the
Foreign Minister, addressing Ambas
sador Page, begins by expressing the
hope that he may be able to convince
the Administration in Washington
"that the measures we have announced
are net only reasonable and necessary
in themselves, but constitute no more
than an adaptation of the old princi-
(Concuded Pate X Column I t
SEATTLE FOLK TO
FORM AIR CORPS
niCH TIMBERMAX LEARNING TO
FLY AND WILL GIVE PLANE.
Society Women Are Among: Mem.
bcra of Club Organised to Aid
Country If Needed.
SEATTLE. Wash, Aug. . (Spe
cial.) W. E. Boeing-, president of the
Greenwood Timber Company, promi
nent clubman, student and one , of
Seattle's wealthiest cttlsena. Is taking
Instructions In California In flying; an
army aeroplane, and on bis return
her will proceed to perfect the or
ganisation of an aviation reserve unit
for bis country's defense. - He Is a
the Curtlss Aviation School. San Diego.
It la understood tbat while In' San
Dleg-o he will order a 108-horsepower
Curtlss warplan and donate the ma
chin to the Seattle Aero Club, o
which 10 persons, four of whom are
well-known Seattle society women, al
ready have aimed the roster as char
G. C WestervelL. assistant naval In
structor In the United States Navy, as
signed to duty to the Seattle Construe
tlo Drydock Company by the Navy
Department. Is aiding- in the forma
tlon of the Washington aerial reserve.
Tills reserve eventually will become
a portion of the Aero-Military Service
Federation of America, now consisting
of the First Aviation Corps, with Mor
timer Pelano aa Acting- Colonel Com'
mandant. This corps Is. the aeronau
tical arm of the - provisional Federal
Volunteers of the United States of
America, and Is authorised In time of
w-r to form Into aviation regiments
under the terms of the Hay war volun
teer bill of 114.
LAKE FREIGHTER WRECKED
Crew Prajnrcd Through Breakers by
TORONTO. Aug-. . In the 40-mile
gale which raged on Lake Ontario to
day, the worst In several years, accord
ins; to the weather bureau, the freight
steamer Alexandria of the' Canada
steamship lines, .bound from Montreal
to Toronto, ran ashore at Scarborough
Bluffs, three miles east of this city.
The surf was too heavy to permit
the launching of a boat, but Captain
Bloomfleld and his crew, 23 men all
told, leaped Into the breakers wearing
life preservers and were dressed
ashore - by an amateur Hfe-savlng
CABINET ASKED TO STAY
Elder Statesmen Seek to Adjust Dif
ferences in Japan.
TOKIO, Aug- S The elder statesmen
have recommended to Emperor Tosbl
hlto that the Cabinet, headed by Count
Okuma aa Premier, be requested to re
main In office unconditionally.
This decision was communicated by
Prince Oysma and Field Marshal Yama-
gata to Count Okuma. who raid he
ould take up with hla colleagues the
question of withdrawing their resigna
PROMINENT OSTEOPATHISTS WHO ARE FIGURING
ml -'rLy f f Y -ft '
V "J -.'! ' . I I ,;4''.' 1 - i ' kf
DAMS BURSL25 ARE
KILLED AT ERIE, PA.
Property Damage Esti
, mated at Millions.
BUSINESS SECTION FLGODED
At Least 50 Houses Reported
to. Have Been Washed Away.
FACTORY IS CARRIED OFF
Xevrs Sent to Ontalde World by Op
erator, Who Wades In Water TTp
to Armpits to Reach Tele
ERIE, Pa.. Aug. . Twenty-five lives
lost, aa estimated by the police, millions
of dollars In property damage and the
city In total darkness Is the result of
a cloudburst shortly after o'clock
tonight that culminated In a flood that
Inundated a large section of the city.
The heavy precipitation caused dams
south of the city to burst, flooding the
main business streets to a depth of
five feet, and In some sections reaching
to the second story windows of dwell
Among the first plants to go out of
commission waa the Erie County Elec
tric Company, which supplied the city
with light. Then the ETie Dispatch, a
morning paper .whose building adjoins
the electric light plant, was Hooded, and
all Idea of getting out a morning paper
is abandoned until midnight, when
the staff waa moved to the plant of
the Erie Times.
Operator TV a ties TTareagTs Streets.
In the meantime the first bulletin of
the flood was sent to the outside world
by the Associated Press operator, , who
waded In water, up to his armptta to
the Western Union Telegraph office, a
distance of five blocks.
It was several hours before crippled
telegraph and telephone communication
could be restored in part. -
At Ninth street, along Mill Creek, the
flood was at Its worst. It Is Impossible
tonight to ascertain how many actually
have lost their Uvea there. Many were
still Imprisoned in their houses at a
Section Cat OnT Flremea Missis.
The eastern section of the city is cut
off by the water. '
Among those missing' are Assistant
Fire Chief Buernon and four firemen.
Reports were received that a bouse
floated down Mill Creek with two wom
en and four children clinging to it. ,
lOoneluded on Pnge , rVilumn t.l
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature,
TODAY'S Fair; westerly winds.
' . War.
Crest Britain defends Its blockade po.icy and
declares United States itself developed
doctrine of "continuous voyage." Fage 1.
British editor -urges Americans to be gener-
our la interpreting blockade policy.
London renews hope that Warsaw may be
saved, rage .
Warsaw Intact on August i ana military
forces hopeluu rage . .
. ' '. Mexico. .
Latin-Americans promise to' aid In solving
Mexican prooiem. . rage o--
--" "' Domestic'
Gormen-Americans plsu to aid Germans In
Canada, rage o.
Seattle folk. Including society women, er
.nii aerial reserve corps. Page 1.
Governor's friends Indignant at criticism ef
Woltman pardon. Page 4.
Pendleton musician regains sight suddenly
after belnc blind. 15 years, rage .
Three'cloudbursts wreak havoc In Deschutes
. ..Valley. - ge .
Commercial and Marine.
Bumper potato crop in Oregon is indicated.
Wheat lower at Chicago, owing to lack of
export buying, i-age ii.
Railroad stocks advance on more favorable
amines reports, rage n.
Historic prison ship Success docks at Yamhill
atreet sna win am wjmu
tlon tomorrow. ' Fage 13.
Faculty control of athletics tentatively ap
proved by presiaems oi iimweiiH.
o reran and Washington. Page 10.
Mcfredle signs young Eastern Oregon
Ditcher. Page IS.
Da.ii. r-fwtflf Lnrni reeulta: Los Angeles
. 5. Portland I; Salt Lake . San Francisco
; Vernon 4, vasiana z. x-ese i
H. Van Dyke Johns wins tennis match at
Tacoma toorr.ey. rage is.
Port land and Vicinity. '
Weather resort, data and forecast, rsge is.
Jewelers to eonsldei . remedies for trade evils
t state convention tomorrow, .rage j
Five miles of paving for which bonds were
voted laid -sna nan oi tv niiei to v "
nlace br FalL rage 17.
Julius L. Meier announces official opening of
Columbia Kiver Biinwij to
12. . Pass T.
Co-oneration regarded as one or greatest
benefits or Buyers- wees, rage aw.
Twenty Boyers'-Week vuitors to present
word pictures ot nome w ,wnww
luncheon. Page 11.
Benefit to business re'.t with Inauguration of
Buyers" week, rage i
Typographical Union Ignores Labor council s
demand for reprimand or men who con
demned attack on Liberty Bell. Page 8.
Government completes Its esse against Cash
ier Company oiricisi. rage l.
Osteopaths treat hip ailment heretofore de
nied ana y uhwivcij i ctu.uiiu.i..
damage case procedure. Page 1.
Catholic loyalty urged by Papal delegate.
Page . .
Alieky bulMIng burns with loss of I23J.O0O.
Fage 15. -
Entertainers chosen ' for Buyers' Week.
Choir girl becomes stsge fsvorlte. Page 0.
$10,060S FOR 'RIGHT GIRL
Aged Man Wtnli Caretaker and
More Than 100 Apply- '
CHICAaO 'Aug. 3. More than 100
applications for. the position of "mem
ber of the family" of James W. pank
hurst," a wealthy' farmer, who prom
ised to will 10.ooo to the -satisfactory
girl," were received by the Federal
employment bureau, today.
PankhursL who is 75 years old.
wrote to the Federal . employment
bureau here two days ago offering 13
a week to "an unmarried girl not less
than 17 nor more than 40." who would
take care of him and his wife for the
remainder of their lives, his will to
contain a 310,000 bequest to the "right
person." - : '
IN THE NATIONAL CONVENTION
IN CASHIER TRIAL
Expert Account f i es
tifies to Finances.
$63 OF $944,227 IS ON HAND
Real Estate, Etc., Received
.Said to Total $1,532,811.
COMMISSIONS TAKE HALF
Witnc Pays $250 to Be Paid One
Man - Was All Any Stockholder
' Ever Keccived In Dividends.
Defense to Occupy 3 Weeka.
After 19 trial days. In whicn hun
dreds of letters and other records have
been introduced and scores of wit
nesses examined, the Government
rested Its case late yesterday against
Frank Menefee. president, and six
other officials and salesmen of the
United States Cashier Company,
charged with- conspiracy to use the
mails In a fraudulent stock-selling
The defense expects to take at least
two weeks in presenting its case. Ar
guments of the 11 attorneys on both
stdjes probably will take another week.
On request ot Attorney Martin U.
Pipes, chief of counsel for the defense.
Federal Judge Bean declared a recess
until 10 o'clock Thursday, giving the
defense a day in which to prepare its
case. Mr., Pipes explained tnat . tne
number of defendants and the com
plications of the case made the full
day's recess necessary, and that the
recess would really expedite the trial.
9844,227 Received! V63 on Hand.
Hiram S. House, expert accountant
for the Government, was the last wit
ness called by United States Attorney
He testified that the company's book
and records showed it received a total
in cash from all sources of 1941,237.31
How - much caiSh did the company
have on hand when it quit business
in Portland and removed Its, machinery
to Terr Haute. Intl., January 31. 1917'
asked the United States Attorney.
"It had 183 59 in cash," replied the
- All told. Including not only cash, but
real estate and notes taken- for stock,
Mr. House testified, the company re
ceived 11,632,811.92. Cash payments
for stock amounted to I771.82B.21
CO Fer Cent Paid .la Commissions.
. Commissions paid for selling stock
ate a large hole In these cash receipts.
Mr. House testified. The total of the
( Concluded on Page 3. i.'plumn 'J. )
u iS lAtn rffrh era .
C'vV &?flAN KILLED AND TWO
.a A - v-v Tvrrtrrvmn
Martial I.atv in Force Xear Browns
vllle. While Ranchers Prepare
to Defend Themselves.
- - .
BROWNSVILLE, Tex., Aug. t. Mexi
can raiders, believed surrounded north
of Brownsville today by United States
Cavalrymen and American posses, have
escaped, according to information re
ceived here tonight.
After today's battle. In which Private
McGuire, of the 12th Cavalry, was
killed, and Privates Curtis and Clap'
saddle wounded, the raiders were re
ported entrenched about IS miles from
here, but when the place was rushed
the troops found only six saddlehorses
Two Mexicans are believed to have
been killed, while two were captured.
Martial law practically has been
put in force In the region of today's
fighting and every ranch and farm
house in the commounlty has pre
pared to resist further raids, while
posses and Cavalrymen tonight con
tinued scouring the country In search
of the men who escaped and who ap
parently have taken to the brush
County Judge Yates today appealed
to the War Department for 1000 to
1500 more troops to patrol the lower
Rio Grande Valley. He also asked
Governor Ferguson, of Texas, for as
sistance and was assured the. Gover
nor would do everything in his power
to obtain additional troops.
GERMAN EXPLAINS DEFEAT
Kaiser Is Advised Force In Africa
BERLIN, via London, Aug. 3. The
Emperor, it is officially announced,
has received a dispatch from Dr. Seitz,
governor-general of German Southwest
Africa, explaining his surrender to
General Louis Botha early In July. Dr.
Seitz says that the surrender was due
to the fact that further successful re
sistance was impossible, as the Ger
man colonial force was surrounded by
enemies greatly superior in numbers
and cut off from the base of supplies.
The condition of the horses, for
which no oats were available for sev
eral months, he added. Tendered it
hopeless to attempt to break through
the enemy lines.
CITY TO TEACH JOURNALISM
Xew Course Is Added to High
School of San Diego.
:.SAN DIEGO, Cal., Aupr. 3. The es
tablishment of a department of Jour
nalism and printing- at the high school
as a regular part of the curriculum
has been announced by the . Board of
Education. Charles G. Rowan, a San
Diego newspaper man of many years'
experience, has been chosen as head of
the department. The term will begin
A small" newspaper and commercial
printing plant will be installed and
everything connected with the publica
tion of a modern newspaper will be
WOMEN URGE PREPARATION
Appeal Made to Sex's Instinct
Sel f - Preserva t Ion.
NEW YORK, Aug. 3. The Special
Relief Society of which Mrs. William
Alexander, of this city, is the presi
dent announced today the beginning of
a campaign "to arouse women of Amer
ica to a full realization of immediate
preparedness" for war. '
A statement issued by the society
says that "if war is ever to come the
mere Instinct of self-preservation
directs that women, too, should be pre
pared to defend American ideals ' of
liberty, peace and honor."
TONGS PLEDGED TO PEACE
Los Angeles Chief of Police Slakes
Chinese Leaders Shake Hands.
LOS ANGELES, Aug. 3. Nipping a
projected Chinatown tong war In the
bud. Chief of Police Snively summoned
to bis office today Wang Kong, head of
the Bing Kong tong, and Wang Wing,
leader of the Hip Sing tong. together
with the principal Chinese merchants.
In the presence of Mayor Sebastian,
he forced the chiefs of the warring
clans to shake bands and agree to
STRASSBURG IS ATTACKED
French Airmen Drop Bombs on
. Capital of Alsace-Lorraine.
PARIS, Aug. 3. A flotilla of Anglo-
French aeroplanes today flew over the
German city of Strassburg and dropped
bombs, according to a dispatch from
Geneva to the Havas Agency.
The extent of the damage caused by
the explosion of the missiles haa not
yet been ascertained.
Strassburg Is the capital of Alsace-
Lorraine and lies 80 miles southeast
of the German fortress of Metz.
SWEDEN DETAINS CARGOES
American Wheat for Malmo Found
to Be Intended for Germany.
COPENHAGEN, via London, Aug. 3.
The Malmo (Sweden) correspondent
of the Berlingske Tidende telegraphs
that several ships laden with wheat
from America have been detained.
It was discovered that the wheat,
which was consigned to & Malmo mer
chant, was destined to Germany.
to Sudden. Jolts. '
THEORY MAY AFFECT SUITS
Blind Demonstrator Sho
Difficult Operation. .
PLEASURE MOMENTS FEW
Scores - of Clinic. Cases Handled,
Including Straightening of Spine
for Woman; Excursion Set for
- Today to Bonneville.
Surgical science, as applied by osteo
paths, may bring about an upheaval in
legal strategy as a result of demon
strations and operations being per
formed in Portland during the National
convention of the American Osteopathic
Society. Certain anatomical conditions
which. It is declared have been held im
possible by the "ol3 school" of sur
gery experts, do exist, according to
delegates in attendance at the conven
tion and demonstrations now under
way daily at the clinics in the local hos
pitals, and may bring about a revolution
in the decision of courts in many cases
of personal injury against railways and
other corporations, it is declared by
Chief of these existing anatomical
conditions demonstrated is the possi
bility of an anterior lesion of the in
nominate, which in plain English has
to do with bone structure displacement
n the hip region. It has in the past
been declared impossible for a lesion of
this particular kind to exist. Osteo
paths attending Jhe convention deny
the statement and say they do exist,
and that several cases . now ar.e hing
ing on this vital question. .
Lectures and Clinics Divide Crowd.
The second day . of the convention,
which' is on at the Multnomah iHotel,
threw the delegates iiito actual work.
Lectures, cflnies, addresses and exhib
its demanded attention ' in a hundred
places at one time, but the work is
being spread out. so that the 6S0 or
more delegates -who are attending have
recourse to practical ' and theoretical
work in whatever branch they may be
: Leading specialists say the conven
tion promises to mark an epoch in. the
art of healing, as demonstrations now
being pronounced here will go -down
on record as facts, whereas heretofore
I hey have been largely concealed dur
ing the preliminary experlmetal stages
in the offices of the individuals con
cerned. Heretofore the knowledge has
been in the process of .being proved.
The convention in Portland will de
clare the facts obtained thereby to the
Physician Arts as I'ntlent.
Dr. H. H. Fryette. of Chicago, head
of the department of technique in the
Chicago School of Osteopathy, demon
strated yesterday the process of cor
recting a lesion of the innominate,
his patient being Pr. Chester Parrish,
of Whitewater. Wis.
Technically , the condition is desig
nated as an anterior lesion of the In
nominate, which was explained for the
benefit of the layman as an upward
and forward displacement of the hip
bone. Owing to the general conforma
tion. of the hip bone, it was held, up
to a few years ago, in the accepted
works on anatomy that such 'a dis
placement could not possibly occur.
Osteopaths declared that it could oc
cur in certain cases, and their position
is upheld, they say. In later textbooks
on anatomy, thus overturning' one of
the strongholds of defence of many a
corporation In personal injury cases.
For, it appears, one can receive such
a lesion in. Jumping on me streetcar
or in stepping from a Jitney bus, or in
ny circumstance that may bring one
heavily to the ground and throw a
sudden strain. upon the thigh bbne'and
the hip. . , ..,'.'.
In handling the clinical demonstra
tion yesterday. Dr. Fryette was as
sisted by Dr. F. D. Teeter, of Daven
port. Wash., an osteopath who ' is
totally blind, but who has had marked.
success in his profession. This dem
onstration was one of the most impor
tant in the clinics yesterday and the
room was packed with spectators, who
applauded with enthusiasm when, after
a' series of careful manipulations, the
demonstrator, with a sudden jerk of
the patient's leg, snapped the mis-'
placed bone into its proper place.'
Dr. Fryette. will demonstrate the
Lorenz operation for remedy of con
genital hip dislocation.
Woman's Spine Corrected.
Dr. R- Kennedy Smith, of Boston,
and Drv C. H. Spencer, of Los Angeles,
held,xlinlcs yesterday ' afternoon on
the diagnosis of orthopedic eases, and
next Thursday,. Dr. Smith will demon
strate a Lorenz operation at the Good
One of the striking cases at. the
clinic at the Good Samaritan Hospital
yesterday was Dr. George Laugblin.
of Kirksville. ,Mo., who operated on a
young woman for correction of a seri
ous spinal curvature.
Dr. Laughlin has performed success
fully more than 2000 operations of. this,
nature, the operation consisting of. a
radical and immediate straightening of
the crooked spine, which will be ol
lowed by three months encasement of
the patient "in a cast, after which the
(Continued on. pace, 12, . Column 1.). .