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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 3, 1915)
USE 10,000,000 fJEIJ
Four Million at Fronts and AN
. most Million More Train
Y ing, Declares Briton.
2,000,000 MAKE MUNITIONS
Half Million on Railroad and More
I Arena U Swell Total Kngland
Uses figures to Show Food
I ehlpmcnu Are for Army.
LONDON. Aug. J. At todays session
ef the meat carso cases of the Brltlah
pH court. Sir Frederick K. Smith, tha
Solleltor-Oeneral. produced a aworn at
fldavlt mada by Major Krle Dillon. I
member of tha general staff, giving a
Brltlah aatlmata showing that tha nam'
br of parson serving In tha Herman
army and under tha control of German
military authority aggregates lv.OOO.-
Tha statement n produced In aup
aort of the Crown's contention that
people employed In aoma ot tha or
dinartly civilian occupations are now In
tha service of tha German government
and no lonicer part or tha civilian popu
lation. and that therefore tha food
stuffs seised by the British arovern
ment really waa Intended for Ger
many's military forces.
4,oeaOS Mew Fraat.
Malar nilion'a fla-ures follow:
-A Under arm on two fronts. In
garrlsona In Belgium and on lines of
"B In training; In Germany. TS0.0,
C Casualties, Including constant
l.mrorarT wuUst. S.vSS.OO.
-U On railways, all of which are
used and organised specially for war
and are. controlled by tha military au
-E At Krupp'a arsenals and fscto-
ria and other araenala and factories
concerned In tha manufacture of war
iss.m Make War Materials.
"F In coal mines and In factorlea
concerned In making army boots. cloth
Ins; and other artlclea necessary In tha
equipment and provisioning of tha
Solicitor-General Smith argued that
the German government reserved the
rlsrht to aubstltuta rations for money
allowances to the wtvea and children
of these men. Therefore, at tha mod
erate figure of two dependents for each
of tha )..tO. ha said, there would
b 3a.eoO.eOO who mlKht be dependent
an the slate for rations, so that It
would be fair to assume that In all
probability tha aelsad foods were In
tended for government use.
PARDON RECALL WANTED
Mr. Evans to rrotcst Against Free
dom for A. Wolf man. ,
District Attorney Evans declared yes
terday that tha pardon granted to A.
Welfman. who waa convicted of per
jury, waa given without tha consent of
himself or of Circuit Judge Da via. be
fore whom Wolf ma a waa convicted.
Mr. Evans announced Ma Intention
f vtettlnc Governor Wlthycomb at
Palem today and formally protesting
agalaet the pardon.
Wolfman waa convicted In January
ea a perjury Indictment which grew
out of hie trial for arson. Ha waa con
victed and sentenced to from three to
1 yeare in tha penitentiary. Tha arson
case waa dismissed, by Judge McGinn.
several other arson Indictments ara
till pending. Mr. Evaaa said.
GERMANS HELP BULGARIA
Groap of Bankers to Take Vp Cold
Loan of $3t. 000,000.
Br.RLJV. Aug. J. by wireless to
Fsyvtlle. N. T. Among the news Items
given oat today by '-a Oversees News
Agency la tha following:
"According to tha cologne Osteite,
a group of German bankers, beaded by
tha Dtsronto GeaelUrhaft, has made a
contract with tha Bulgarian govern
ment to take about ... francs
Si0.le.000of tha f per cent Bulga
rian gold loan of 114. Tha Dlsconto
Geaellechaft has been charged to re
deem i:.000.000 francs 1$ 14.000.000) of
Bulgarian treasury notea due early la
August at IMS marka per 100 francs."
AMERICA PROBES DEATHS
Ambassador Pace Investigating Ger
man Submarine Attack.
tVASHlXITOX. Aug. 3. Ambassador
Tags, at London, today notified the
State Department be la Investigating
the report that three Americans were
killed and three wounded when the
British steamer Iberian waa torpedoed
and aunk by a German submarine last
week. American Conaul e'roat. at
Queens town, reported only ona Amer
icanMark Wiley had been killed.
Later, unofficial reports Increased
BLOCKADE IS INSISTED ON
ceetiiqed yrern First Page.i
tiona arose that led tha British gov
eminent to amplify Its argument.
Ona of theea new conditions waa 1
strong proteat by tha State Depart
ment against seliure of the American
ship Neches. bound from Rotterdam
for New Tork with a cargo ot Belgian
and German goods. British activities
previously bad been confined principal
lv to holding np cargoea from America,
ostensibly bound for neutral countries.
but alleged by tha British to be actu
ally destined for Germany or Austria.
Tha Neches case made necessary a de
fense of the allies' right to cut oft Ger
many's export trade to neutral coun
triee and tha financial benefit to be
derived from that business.
The second nota of tha series deals
with this Issue, and It Is understood
that It aets np tha contention that an
actual blockade of tha North Sea ports
exists and that, regardless of the
British orders-ln-eouncll. there la an
Inherent right la tha blockading pow
ers, under' International law. to aup
prs traffic of this kind.
While the controversy Is proceeding,
unofficial efforts ara being made to
release for the American market goods
now awaiting export at Rotterdam by
proving Belgian origin and American
Ord re-la Ceaartl Defended.
The last note of the aerlea la in reply
to the American caveat of July IT. say
ing tha United States would bo gov
erned only by tha prlnclplea of Inter
rsttonsl law la dealing with rasea of
detentions ef American ships and
goods and would not recognize th
Tha British Foreign Office bolds that
tha ordsrs-ln-council comply with th
spirit of International law. although
they make a new application of these
principles to suit tha new conditions
developed In tha war.
British prise court proceedings
wherein the magistrates have asaumed
that tha ordere-in-council ware In con
formity with International law pro
voked the American communication.
The British contend that where Inter
national Issues were pending before
United Stataa courts that fact baa been
recognised by the London government
aa a reason for deferred diplomatic
protects. It la bold that tha United
States Government cannot assume that
Its merchants have suffered permanent
injury, ainca there la alwaya In reserve
the right of diplomatic review of prise
court decisions, and even of arbitration
under the special arbitration treaty be
tween the United 8tatea and Great Brit-
In. recently perfected.
Germany Malatalaa Fealties).
The German note, continuing the dis
cussion over the sinking of tha Amen
can ablp William P. J" rye by a German
commerce raider, deals with tha Amerl
can contention that not only Interna
tional law. but special provisions of
the treaty of 111 between the United
Stataa and Prussia bad been violated.
Tbe note raakea no substantial change,
It la understood. In the" original Ger
man contention that while tbe treaty
of lilt does confer special privileges
and exemptions upon American ship
ping, these can all be met and the right
still reserved to sink merchant abipa If
the ownera are compensated. Germany's
formal declaration yof a war sons Is
held to Justify special measures to
keep supplies from bsr enemies.
An answer to tha Brltlah notes soon
will be forthcoming, aa officials here
have been prepared to aoma extent for
tbe presentation mada today and have
gathered material In rebuttal, predic
tions were'lacklng. however, aa to the
course to be taken la regard to tba
German note, or as to other cases In
volving practically the same principles
as tbe Frye incident.
ITALIAN GRILLS KAISER
NOTED HISTORIAX SATS WAR IS
BLOT OX CEHMArTS NAME,
Reeeeatrectlee After Catastrophe Held
IsspssslMe Unless People Adept H
salllty, Flraancea and Simplicity.
MILAN, via Paris. Aug. I. Guclielmo
Ferrero, the Italian historian, in speak
ing of the first year of the war. aays
that It la "the greatest tragedy ever
experienced by ona generation." He
attributed It to Inaenaata pride helped
by the weakneaa of governments, by
the powerlessness of parties, by the
Itchiness of public opinion and by tha
fatuity ot the Intellectual classes.
"On tha council or generals, wnicn.
presided over by Emperor William,
decreeed at Potsdam a universal war
on tbe evening of July It." be says.
-will rest Implacable execration
throughout tha centurlea and condem
nation In history.
-Those who within an hoar took the
moat Inhuman decision recorded In his
tory, were able to do so because. In the
mind of the public, the sense of pro
portion bad been extinguished.
Signor Ferrero minus mat arter tne
catastrophe It will be Impossible to
reconstruct new order unless -our gen
eration adopta virtuee so far neglected,
namely, tboae of humility, firmness,
simplicity and a reasonable Judgment
of life and things.
'This la our duty. ha concluded, "to
the memory of the millions of men
who have fallen in thia terrible year
while defending Europe and her liberty
against German aggression."
ROSE TRIED 8Y CENSOR
rtUSO-it'.RS LETTERS ASK FOR IX.
FORMATION FROM HOME.
Germane Detect French Flan far Ob
taining lafermatlea and Urge
People to Be Canttoaa.
BERLIN. July 11. (Correspondence
of the Associated Press.) Because let
ters received from German prisoners of
war in Franca apparently bava been
tampered with by the French censor.
It Is charged the authorltlea have
found It necessary to Issue a warning
against Including any Information ot a
military character In communications
from relativea to prisoners.
A recent letter from a prisoner con
tained tha surprising request to his
relativea to write him all they could
about the war. An examination of the
writing . showed, however, that tha
prisoner of war had written exactly
the opposite and that his handwriting
had been Imitated la changing bis Injunction.
Similarly ha had written that lettera
to him ahould be sent unsealed. Tbla
Injunction, too. bad. been altered to
read that bis relatives might seal their
letters, conveying the impreaslon. along
with tha request for war news, that he
waa In a position to receive uncensored
The German authorities declare they
are convinced that it was tba Intention
of tha French government to secure, in
thla manner, military news of value,
advance word of Intended operations.
trooD positions and the like. They urge
relativea. therefore, to limit themselves
in their lettera to tbe Barest, needful in
formation of a non-military character.
British Diviner Boats Score
Near the Kaiser's Coast,
Sinking Transport, Too.
TEUTONS SINK 3 STEAMERS
London Admiralty Also Announces
Effective Work bj Its Vndersea
Craft Operating in the
Sea of Marmora.
COURT DISREGARDS WAR
GERMAX WIRELESS FIRM MUST DE-
FE.D SUIT AT O.ICE.
Scot Jersey J edge Raiea That ActJea
Breoght by French Corpora flea Meat
(is Oa Despite Eerepeae Aitalre.
TRENTON. N. J. Aug. J--Vlee-Chan-
cellor Stevena In the Court of Chancery
today denied the application of a Ger
man corporation for tha postponement
of tbe bearing and determining of a
suit brought In the Court of Chancery
of New Jeraey by a French corpora
tion to compel the German concern to
carry out an alleged contract to dis
pose of Its wireless telegraph station
at Tuckerton, N. J., to the French cor
The German company asked tnat a
hearing be deferred until after tha
close of the present war.
Judge Stevens said that tha contro
versy waa a aubject over which Maw
Jersey courts had exclusive control.
The decision meana the case will pro
ceed In the usual order.
The name of tha German company la
the Hoch Frequense-Maschtnen Akien-ges-EUschsft
Fur Drahtlose Tele
graphic of Berlin.
The French corporation Is the Cam
pagaie Universalis da Telegraphla at da
Telephone 8ans Fit. with offices In
I'm SantlseptJc After Shaving.
SMMblsg. CO"' In i. refreshing. tes soft. .
vety fisisa. losisstly relieves asd prevests Irrl
ts'iea. Protests lafertioa. Yoo like Its
clcsala keeita eeur. ttic Ail drattisis.
fAvnrttf A. V Rnth Rritlsh and
German eubmarlnes have redoubled
their actlvitlea In widely acsnerea
waters, the vessels of each nation re
porting effective work.
n ....tin. 1 1 n rtnafl tortedoboat
destroyer of the Q-196 clasa July 16
near the German coast prooaDiy w.
of the greater Importance from a tntlt
... Tha British ad
miralty announced tonight that the
submarine which sank the German had
returned to Kngland.
-r-t . . m - f. -1 4 1 was
completed In 1S11, displaced 8 tons
end could meae more man
n hour. Her complement in norma.
times was 7J officers and men.
British Scare la Marmora.
TI1.K .nhmiHnM alio have SCOTCd
. i . w t Marmora tor-
mcnuj L " "
pedoing a 3000-ton steamer, a gunboat
and firing torpedoea at lighters, the
result ot wnicn couia noi -termined.
although the explosions were
An official dispatch from -eirograa
ays a British sunmanne nas sunn,
large German transport In the Baltic
Tha British vessels alao fired at tne
t iii. ......... mill- and evnloded
fieiiuniiK ij-m.i ........
.w.-n. . ....L . n .mmnnltlAn on a trOOD
train near Kara Burnu. about 106 miles
east of the northern entrance to ino
The British steamship tuntonia oi
I83S tons wss sunk yesterday, by a
German aubmarlne 10 miles west of
Armen. France. All or tne crew, aomo
of them injured, were rescued by
Genu Beats Sink Three.
A n. - n aiiKmaeltiM also sank the
British steamer Fulgens, of 1601 tons.
The crew were saved.
Another British steamer tunx was
i c-nA-ii-K .e lll .na Sixteen
members of the crew have landed, but
others are supposed to do arnting in
man Doa is.
TURKS DENY REVERSES
ALLIES ARB DECLARED HELD OX
Brltlah Crasors Accused ef Having Dia-
terted Official Cammunleatloaa
WASHINGTON. Aug. I. Declaring
that official communications from the
Turkish government bad beeit dis
torted by British censors to give an
erroneous Impression of conditions in
th Ottoman JCmpire. the Turkish Em
bassy mada public the following state
On tha JSth of April they (the allies)
landed in two places: Arl-Bournu and
Seddul Babr. The objective of the
first landing corps waa Maidos. at a
distance of eight kilometers and that
of tha second Krlthla. Now the allies
on the aide of Arl-Bournu have never
been able to proceed further than one
kilometer from the shore. And on the
other side they are being checked at
a distance -of kilometers from
Krlthla. .Their failure at Seddul-Bahr
Is so much tbe more striking, because
this place, being situated at the ex
tremity of the Galllpoll peninsula. Is,
from three sides, exposed to the con
verging fire of the allied warships."
Kqually Incorrect statements have
been Issued, the statement continues,
aa to victories for the allies on the
coast of Asia minor and Smyrna. "Not
a single allied soldier." It adds, "has
landed on tbe Asia Minor coast, and
tha only military operations consist In
having fired a few explosive shells
without any damage." Naval opera
tions In Syria, It sftys. "have been con
centrated against the huts of Inoffen
sive peasants, as well as fishermen's
In Mesapotsmia. the statement ssys,
the British advance has been held and
the Brltlah hope of winning over the
Arab tribes frustrated and the Araba
ara harassing the Invaders' communi
cations. "Tha Russian advance in the Cau
casus." the statement says, "has piti
fully collapsed." And an uprising
among Armenian peasants fomented by
tha Invaders suppressed "with much
celerity and with all possible modera
tion." frustrating the desire of the
enemy "to represent the Ottoman gov
ernment as resorting to persecution
against Christiana of Persia."
UNCLE SAM INVOKES AID
(Continued From Fint Pse.
typified the so-called "clentiflco" ele
ment. On the other hand the leaders
have professed to be ready to embrace
any plan for peace which Included as
Its first object the maintenance of the
territorial sovereignty of. Mexico, free
elections and restoration of the govern
ment to the constitutional line from
which It departed with the death of
President Madero and tho ascendancy of
Vlctorlano Huerta to a dictatorship.
Tha Thursday conference is the step
President Wilson and the Cabinet had
in mind when a few weeks ago a state
ment wss Issued to tha American peo
ple on the Mexican situation, and In
tended for the Information of the Mex
ican leadera themselves. This state
ment declared In forceful language that
the patience of the United States was
becoming exhausted with three years
of revolution and chaos, and that un
less the Mexican leaders themselves
found some way to accommodate their
differences, the United States, as Mex
ico's next friend snd neighbor, would
be constrained to decide what means
should be employed to restore peace.
Recent Developmeata Important.
When President Wilson went to the
Summer White House at Cornish. N. H,
It was expected nothing would be done
until his return. The recent almost
kaleidoscopic developments in Mexico
City, however, are believed to have in
fluenced the announcement of action at
The State Department was disturbed
today by reports that General Villa had
driven American and other foreign jnr
chants from Chihuahua, confiscated
thrlr property and executed alx of their
Mexican colleagues. American consular
agenta were called upon for Immediate
reports. Protests came from diplomatic
representatives of foreign powers. Col
villa Barclay, In charge at the British
Embassy In the absence of the Ambas
sador, called at the State Department
to protest against the reported eeisure
by Villa of property of British subjects
and their expulsion from the country.
After his visit Secretary Lansing con
ferred with Assistant Secretary Breck
enridgn. of tho War Department: and
Leon C. Canova. chief of tha division
of Mexican affairs. Dispatches - to
American consular officials were the
VILLA EXECUTES MERCHANTS
Six Put to Death for Refusing to
Give Funds to Rebel Leader.
EL PASO. Tex., Aug. 2. The confis
cation of the property of merchanta do
ing business in Villa territory and the
execution of six of 42 Mexican mer
chants, imprisoned by the northern
leader after a conference at which un
successful efforts were made to raise
a forced loan, was reported today by
persons arriving here from Chihuahua
City, ""where the conference was held.
Durlnsr the conference , it was said
General Villa said: "The American
Government can go to hell If It does
not like my actions." Foreign mer
chants, it was said further, were then
ordered to leave the country and are
expected to reach Juares tonight under
escort of General Villa.
Villa Is quoted aa having charged the
merchants with exacting exorbitant
prices for their goods, and is said to
have given thia as his reason for the
The Villa garrison at Guzman. 78
miles southwest of here, revolted to
day, according to Carranxa reports.
which are verified by railway officials.
The officials of the garrison were Im
prisoned. It was said. According to the
Carranza officials, the soldiers have de
clared their allegiance to the "first
chief." Railroad service to Guzman
has not been Interrupted.
Representatives of foreign mining
concerns operating In the State of Chi
huahua today received word rrom t-ni-huahua
City that a conference of min
ing company representatives, called for
today, at which Villa had announced
his intention to levy a forced loan of
1300.000. adjourned until August 9
when only a few mining men appeared
at tho meeting.
TEUTONS WIN TRENCHES
FRENCH REGAIX FART OF LOST
GROUND BY COUNTER ATTACKS.
PRESS -FARES BADLY
Foreign-Owned Newspapers in
Turkey Are Suppressed.
GERMAN ALONE ESCAPES
Flamlag. Liquid la Hurled Over Fee by
Germans, Who Show Unusual Activ
ity la Argonao Region.
PARIS, August 2. The following of
ficial communication was Issued to
"The activity of the artillery has
been less marked In Artots and the val
ley of tho Alsne. A number of shells
have been throwu into Arras and
"In the Arsonne spirited infantry
engagements occurred on the night of
August 1-2. In tha region of HiU 213
the Germans occupied one of our
trenches, which a counter attack by
our troops recovered in part.
"During the course of the day, after
having made use of flaming liquid, the
enemy launched a violent attack
against our trenches In the region of
Marie-Therese and succeeded tn gain
ing a foothold in one of them. We im
mediately counter attacked and re
gained the greater part of the ground
"On the heights of the Meuse and in
the Woevre there was the usual can
nonade, more Intenee around Champion.
"In the Vosges a succession of en
gagements has been going on since the
evening of August 1 before the posi
tions which we - conquered on the
heights of the Llnge, of Schratzmannele
and of Barrekopf. We have carried
aeveral German trenches, inflicting on
the enemy heavy lossea and taking 60
prisoners belonging to two different
French Language Better Known, bnt
New Alliance Increases Number
of German - Students Allies
Now Have No Voice.
CONSTANTINOPLE. July . (Cor
respondence of the Associated Press.)
No business has been hit much hard
er In Constantinople than the news
paper business, and every monthly.
weekly and daily paper owned by
foreign Interests, with one' exception,
has gone under. Five still are pub
lished in some language other than
Turkish, hut four of the five are Turkish-owned.
The single exception to the disas
trous rule is the German Oesman
Ischer Lloyd, whicn flourishes despite
the fact that German as a language Is
much less known in Tancey than
French. The new alliance brought
about by the war is, of course, in
creasing the number of students of
German, and consequently the circula
tion of the Lloyd.
The first paper to succumb was the
Levant Herald, published in English
by a citizen of Malta. It was the last
English paper to "hang on." The
Monlteur Oriental. Turkish owned
but French in language, formerly had
an English section, but this has long
been given up.
With Turkey's entrance into the war
the French "Stambul" went by the
boards, and in April it was followed
by the Zionist Jeune Turc. a paper
friendly to the entente ( allies, . which
Incurred the wrath of trfo authorities.
The latest to .- disappear is the
Turquie. -originally, k published in
Italian, and then in French. It had existed-on
sufferance for some time, and
had been permitted to publish only the
official reports of Germany and Aus
tris. but no reports from other cap
itals. The papers that have withstood the
rigors of war or censoring authorities
are the Cesmanischer Lloyd, in Ger
man; the Monlteur Oriental, in
French: La Defence, in French; Die
Verteidigung, a monthly in German,
and Hilal. in French.
The British steamship Clintonia, -of
3858 tons, was shelled and sunk Sunday
near Ar-Men by a German, submarine.
Eleven men were killed on the vessel
and 15 were injured. The Clintonia,
according to survivors, was attacked
One of the lifeboats containing ten
persons was engulfed. In all 4 sur
vivors reached here.
BIG BALTIC PORT IS LOST
(Continued From F1rt Pge.
STEAMER FRIEDA AGROUND
Crew Saved and Vessel Believed
Loss Off Maine Coast.
BATH. Me, Aug. 2. The .sulphur
laden steamer Frieda from Sabine,
Texas, for Searsport, Me., wont ashore
In a dense fog today on Seguln Island,
off the mouth of the Kenneboc River.
The vessel was so firmly grounded that
the chancea of floating her without
assistance were considered slight.
The crew of about 30 men were re
ported aafe on Thursday. The Frieda
wss many mires of her course.
the removal of factories, government
institutions and hospitals created in
tense excitement among all classes of
the population of the Polish capital.
It was feared that the military au
thorities might deem the evacuation of
the city by the inhabitants a military
necessity and would destroy a great
part of the city to prevent its use ny
the Germans as a base. -
. Many wealthy residents left for the
interior and many of those who have
remained sent their families out during
the past fortnight
The streets, wnicn generally are
thronged, became deserted. The period
having passed with a realization that
tbe city is to be spared, those remain
ing have taken up their normal trend
The French and Belgian consuls left
the capital in the early days of Ger
man proximity, turning over their
affairs to the American consul, Her
nando de Solo.
The city police and Administrative
authorities have continued their func
tions, thus operating to restore tbe
confidence of tho people.
In the meantime, arrangements have
been completed to substitute for the
existing police and city authorities the
Polish civic military and government,
should the former llnd it necessary to
cease Its activities. The clvio military
has received full instrustlcns and will
take over tho policing of both the city
and the nearby suburbs.
The civic administration embraces
the criminal courts and already has
entered on that function to the extent
D AY S
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NOTICE TOMORROW AFTERNOON
FROM 2 TO 6 P. M. WILL BE A SPECIAL
CHILDREN'S MATINEE ALL CHILDREN
UP TO 15 YEARS ADMITTED FOR 5 CENTS
COME EARLY IT'S WORTH YOUR WHILE
Yeater. aljiit ?o carry )
)xc the rqlixz ideal in men
liar meant? iXe. creation ola
in ever-wOcmn circle
1 J C-l .,U -J
brm vpichit: an exposition
oiconrreci?. autiu mn ra ,mion,p
menp, and mcn'P
of taking charge of prisoners. From
the prisons most of the grave offenders
have been removed to Central Russia
and there remain only minor criminals
and civic offenders.
The cost of provisions Is dall)rlsing.
virtually none having reached the city
from the outside.
Three oaily newspapers have been
suspended. One of them, was founded
in 177 and was the organ of the
popular democratic party.
A ruble mile of river water weighs ap
proximately 4.203..-i0,00o tons ond carries in
solution, on the average. aboit 420 tons ot
forelen matter. In all. about 2.T:.000 tons
jf solid substances are thus carried annually
to the ocean.
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