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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 16, 1915)
THE MORXING OREGONIAN. FRIDAY, JULY 1G, 1915.
SCENES AS PORTLAND THOUSANDS VIEW LIBERTY BELL AND CELEBRATE THE EVENT OF ITS VISIT
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L0I1G PARADE HELD UJ.'.''lfli U:'..
IN HOBOBf BELL j ' . " llMffiMsJ
Crowds Pack Streets Along
Line of March of Great
CHEERS GREET MARCHERS
Hundreds of School Children, Vet
erans of Two Wars, Militiamen,
City and Qounty Officials
. and Others Take Part.
Portland's most pretentious demon
stration in honor of the Liberty Bell
was a. maiuilficent military and civic
parade, exemplifying both a spirit, of
intense-patriotism and a true toch, of
The parade attracted the attention
of an immense crowd that packed the
streets along the entire route and wa
the subject of general interest that was
second only to the Interest displayed in
the bell itself.
Hundreds of -uniformly dressed school
children, the whole Third Oregon Regi
ment of the National Guard Just re
turning from the annual encampment.
veterans of the Civil and " Spanish
American wars, city and county offi
cials - and many patriotic citizens
formed a mile-long column that passed
through great masses of cheering peo
The procession was delayed a few
minutes after the appointed hour of 10
o'clock on account of the difficulty in
getting the school children to the start
Militia Comes u Special.
The National Guard came up from the
camp at Gearhart on a special train and
. waited patiently until the others took
their places. Adjutant-General George
A. White had general charge of the ar
The police detail for the parade was
In charge of Captain Circle, while Cap
tain Moore was in command of the men
at the platform upon which the bell
was exhibited. A squad of mounted
police under Sergeant - Crate rode at
the head of the line, followed by H. L.
Pittock. grand marshal, in an automo
bile, and accompanied by Senator Lane,
of Oregon; Senator Smith, of Arizona
General James Jackson, representing
the United States Army; Judge Ganten
bein, chief of staff, and Representative
Playing patriotic airs with Just as
much fervor as if they were about to
start on a Joyous vacation instead of
returning from two weeks' hard work
in camp, the Third Oregon Band headed
the military section that filled many
whole blocks of the route.
Gandimea Are Applauded.
The men of the Third Oregon ap
peared tanned, healthy and happy, and
displayed no lack of spirit because of
their camp work. They carried their
full marching equipment knapsacks,
blanket rolls, rifles and all. Colonel
C. McLaughlin and members of his staff
rode in advance on the horses that they
have -used in the field. The hospital
corps brought up. the rear." The uards-
1 Crowd lined up at lO A. M. await low: a chance to pass over the Bell vlnt-
fornu to see and 'touch tae relic a; rood jtlankiri car at bead off the
parade. II. L. Pittock, grand marnh nl, In front seat! Representative C. N.
McArthnr at left and Judge Ganten lirin at right la center scat) United
States Senator Marcus A. Smith, o f Arizona, at left. Colonel James Jack
son in center and United States S enator Harry Lane at right In rear
seat. 3 One of the groups of school children drilling; In parade. 4
Xvro of the thousands of young aa d old who sought to touch the Bell as
they passed by it.
men were vigorously applauded everywhere.
Captain Inskeep had charge of the
platoon of police officers who stretched
across the street in front of the police
Followed then the Sons of Veterans.
commanded by Charles J. Schnabel. and
large companies of Grand Army veter
ans, George A. Harding commanding,
and C. J. Williams, adjutant. Russell
Chamberlain was the proud flagbearer.
Conspicuous at the head of the Lin
coln-Garfield Post of Grand Army men
was R. A. Wolfrath, in the uniform of
the Civil War period, carrying the flag
of the post. 0 -
Line of Veterans Follows.
A long line of veterans followed
with sprightly . step, but some of the
feebler ones rode in automobiles.
Members of the Women's Relief Corps
marched with the veterans, carrying
flags.. . -.
One unit of the parade that won
much applause all along the line was
the boys' drum corps, composed of the
sons of Spanish-American war veter
ans. They marched in advance of a
big body of their elders from Scout
Young Camp and the Women's Auxiliary
of Scout Young Camp.
A tableau representing the Spirit of
Liberty was a pretty- presentation by
the Spanish - American veterans. A
sturdy youth attired lit the costume of
Uncle Sam carried a standard aloft,
from which red, white and blue stream
ers extended to the hands of little girls
who encircled him. A youthful couple
were attired in the. costumes of the
An automobile carried the following
five Portland residents whose ancestors
were active participants in the revolu
tionary uprising that rescued the
colonies from British oppression: Gen
eral T. M. Andersonv C. H. Thompson,
Colonel Henry C. Cabell, General
Charles F. Beebe and Louis G. Clarke.
Behind them rode County Commission
ers Lightner. Holman and Holbrook in
School Reads im Line.
Superintendent Alderman and Direct
ors Pfummer, Beach, Lockwood and
Smith, of the Portland public schools,
rode at the head of the long line of
school children, who. doubtless, were
the proudest participants in the patriotic
Professor KrohnJs flag girls, recruit
ed from the various schools of th
city, provided an inspiring spectacle as
they marched through the streets exe
cuting their many pretty maneuvers
that reflected much careful training.
The girls were uniformly dressed in
white and wore red ties at their throats
and red bows in their hair. Each car
ried a flag in each hand.
They performed many pleasing move
ments with the flags and danced grace
fully to the rhythm of the music, form
ing and reforming a- series of at
t tractive figures as they, moved along.
ine long lines or children were
broken up by drum corps representing
some of the city schools.
Bands Add Music.
Both the East Side and the West Side
schools were represented, some of them
wearing their Rose Festival uniforms.
When not otherwise uniformed, the lit
tle girls wore white dressed with red
bows and the boys wore white waists
and -black trousers. The firemen's
band and McElroy's band added to the
musical attractions of the pa-reant.
The children passed over the review
ing platforms so that they could view
the bell to better advantage, but the
Grand Army veterans and the adult
marchers saw it from the level of the
street, looking up reverently aa they
It must be said that the Civil War
veterans displayed more reverence for
the precious relic than some of the
others. Invariably they removed their
hats as they passed it. Some of them
saluted. Many wiped tears from their
"That's the old bell that freed us
from England." they would exclaim.
THRONGS TOUGH OR
VIEW RELIC Ifl AWE
Thousands File Past Bell From
Early Morrv Until Depar
ture Amid Cheers.
CHUBBY HANDS REACH OUT
la miO 2491 countlra In all the (tales et
the Union showed 798 In which th rural
population was less than 10 years previous.
Cameras Bob Cp Everywliere and
Policemen Willi Humor Keep
Crowds Kcluctantly Moving
Atong Patriotism Shown.
Some passed along the platform by
the old Liberty Bell with hands shield
lng their eyes, as if the reflection of
the glorious nistory that they read in
the battered bronze blinded them
others looked at the cracked relic with
frankly curious eyes, which held no
reverence; some patted the bronze lips
with exploring hands, others stroked
FACTS ABOUT THE LIBERTY BELL.
. The bell was cast in London in 1752 by order of the Assembly of
Pennsylvania, at a cost of one hundred pounds sterling. It was
brought to Philadelphia in that year and at the first trial was
"cracked by a stroke of the clapper without any other violence."
Pass and Stow,' two Philadelphia "ingenious workmen." undertook
the recasting of the bell. The first trial was not satisfactory., the Lib
erty Bell being the result of the second effort. The cost was 60 SOs
6d (about U03).
The bell was hunar in the tower of Independence Hall and used
to convene the Assembly, call publlo meetings, and on July S. 177.
it Tang when the declaration of Independence was proclaimed the
Declaration having been adopted on July 2, and formally ratified as a
publio expression on July 4. 1774.
In 1777. when Philadelphia was about to be invaded, the bell was
taken to Allentown. Pa. It was returned in the same year and rung on
every occasion of note in triumph when Cornwallla surrendered at
Yorktown. in sorrow when Washington was buried, in Joy when La
fayette revlBlted America. I
During the funeral obsequies rf Chief Justice John Marshall, of the
Supreme Court, the great expounder of the Constitution, on July 8.
1835, it rang for the last time.
Patriotic pilgrimages of the Liberty Bell were 18S5, New Orleans.
World's Industrial Cotton Exposition: 1893, Chicago, World's Colum
bian Exposition; 1895, Atlanta. Cotton States and Atlanta Exposition;
1902. Charlestoa.'S. C. Interstate and West Indian Exposition; 1903,
Boston, 128th anniversary of the Battle of Bunker Hill; 1904, St. Louis,
Louisiana Purchase Exposition.
The Liberty Bell weighs 2080 pounds. It measures 12 feet around
the lip and 7 feet S inches around the crown. From lip to crown
along in-curve of the bell the measurement is 3 feet, over the crown it
is 2 feet T inches. The clapper Is 3 feet 3 Inches long.
The main lettering about the crown is In two lines, reading:
"Proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the Inhabitants
thereof. Lev. xxv:10."
"By order of the Assembly of the Frovlnce of Pennsylvania for the
Statehouse in Philadelphia."
Below is the Imprint of the "two ingenious workmen" "Pass and
Stow, Phllada, MDCCLIII."
the metal caressingly; some voices
passing held almost a note of awe.
From 7:30 in the morning until
shortly before noon the crowds filed
past the bell by the thousands, orderly
and obedient to the instructions of the
good-natured policemen who stood on
guard. ne out of every three of the
passing throng reached out a hand and
touched the bell. Children were lifted
above the railings that they might
stroke the famous relic. Babes in arms
were held toward the bell and struck it
with chubby fists.
Throngs Lfare Res;rctf ally.
Tha towering Portland patrolmen
who stood by the bell R. L. Schad, IL
A. Lewis. B. F. Wade and C. F. Hun
ter Joked with passers-by and waved
them on with Imperious hands. The
tendency of those who reached the bell
after waiting in the line that stretched
for nearly three blocks down rourtn
street was to stand and gaze their fill.
nd this had to be discouraged by the
officers, for there were thousands be
Fully a thousand cameras put In an
appearance during the visit oi mo
bell. The best opportunity for tne
picture-makers was early In the morn
ing, before the west platform was in
Dosltlon. Lined on this platform.
about 15 feet from the bell, there were
at one time, 42 men with cameras.
The machines ranged from the power
ful graflex to the vest-pocket eamons.
The only noise from the battery or
cameras was the rapid clicking oi
"It s a nice, little' bell." remarked a
pretty golden-haired girl of yeers
to her mother, as she patted the relic
with dimpled hands.
"Huih," rebuked the mother sternly,
as If it were sacrilege thus to refer
to the emblem of American liberty.
Crack 'ot Visible to Soase.
Many curious remarks came from
the passing crowds. To those who
flocked upon the eastern platform, the
bell presented a smooth surface, for
the historic crack was visible only to
those on the weat. Many on the east
ern platform felt that they had been
cheated that It was not the real Lib
erty Bell, or that the crack had been
"Hay. this here bell ain't cracked. Ye
haven't got It mended, have ye?" In
quired one querulous old gentleman
of the blue-coated guardians.
"Huh. that's not the real Liberty
Bell. We're, being fooled. Where's the
crack?"- was the remark of another
unfortunate who could see but one side
of the bell.
"Aw. shucks, it's been patched up,"
came from another disappointed one.
-Sarah, that's the same old bell I
aw in Philadelphia," said a middle
aged woman to her companion, estab
lishing beyond a doubt the authenticity
of the relic
Officer StabVed fcy Flag.
The stalwart police were not with
out their troubles, for handling the
crowd required all their courtesy and
"Step forward In the aisle, please.
Plenty of good seats up front." came
In a monotone, mimicking streetcar
conductors, from Patrolman Lewis, as
some carmen. In uniform, came up the
In helping to lift one youngster over
the railing thst the child might, touch
the bell Patrolman Scried was stabbed
in the throat by the point of a .Tilded
(pear at the tip of a flag held by an
other young person who was ttrug-
1 gUns; to set near the ball. Tho injury
was not most than a scratch, but in
further first-aid work the officer took
care that nearby flags were held in
"Move on. now," came the command
from one of th good-looking polloe
men. "Tou've seen the bell and you've
seen me. That's all the attraction
"If you haven't touched the bell,
touch my hand it will serve the same
purpose." was the stock remark of
Patrolman Lewis when pretty girls
came along. Several took him at bia
mind "" Pell by Tench.
A pathetlo picture was that present
ed by members of the school for the
adult blind. led by J. F. Myers. With
seeing fingers, they "saw" the bell
and were brushed on by the surging
"Now say vou't touched it." ex
claimed one triumphant mother, as her
jubilant offspring slapped the Lioerty
"Look at it. children: look at It."
commanded another mother, as she led
her children past.
"It's worth a million dollars to see
that." said a patriotio enthusiast.
"Don't touch it we Just wanted to
see it." came from another, not quite
so patriotic, speaking to her children.
One child of about 4 years, a boy.
reached frantically for the bell as the
line carried him on. but his arms were
Inches too short. He struggled his ut
most, but the line surged on. carrying
him with It. weeping copiously at his
When the hour of departure csme
the train bearing the bell was followed
down Fourth street by cheers from
thousands of throats and the tossing
FILM-MAKERS TO BE HEARD
MR. KLK1S1III ACKF.U IS I'LEAJKD
WITH roKTI.AXD OITLUUK.
Council to Consider Objections
Objections of motion picture film
makers to a proposed ordinance reg
ulating the construction of buildings
used for that business will be heard
by the City Council at Its regular Fri
day meeting this morning.
- The ordinance would prohibit a film
plant for the storage, development or
repair of films to occupy a building
within SO feet of any frame structure.
The measure also designates the
method , of constructing storage vaults
and work rooms, making them abso
lutely fireproof. The film dealers. It
is said, have objections to certain fea
tures of the measure.
DAIRYMAN IS FINED $100
Attempt to. Sell Meat of Diseased
Cove Lead to Arrest.
For trying to sell to butchers the
meat of a cow that had died from
"milk fever." William Klchterich. a
dairyman of Hillsdale, was fined- 3100
by Municipal Judge Stevenson yester
day. The arrest took place Monday
nlrht following an Investigation by the
"Citv Health Bureau and the State
Dairy 'and Food Commission, siarnel
Inspector Melton signed the complaint.
Judge Stevenson remarked in Impos
ing the fine that the case was an ag
gravated one and that the practice was
one that haa become too irejueni.
Head of Northwestern Klcctrlc, Pitt or k
HaUdlng Company and Other En
terprises Gets flood Reports.
Herbert Flelshhacker. well-known
San Francisco banker and head of the
Northwestern Electric Company. the
Pittock Building Company, the Crown
Wlllairette Paper Company and other
local t nterprises. arrived In Portland
yesterday for a visit of a few days -on
busin 'Si H motored tip from San
Francisco, accompanied by Mrs. Flelsh
hacktr and ex-t.:overnor Anderson, of
Califcrnla, and Mrs. Anderson.
Mr. Flelshhacker raid that he Is well
pleased with the reports of local busi
ness conditions received after arrival
here. He was Informed that more than
75 per cent of the floor jpace In the
Pittock building, which was opened
only a yenr a?, is occupied and that
other local enterprises sre forging
lie had Intended to go to Ocean Falls,
B. C. where the Crown Willamette
Paper Company is about to open a new
plant, but decided yesterday to remain
in Portland. He and his rarty proba
bly will be here until early next week.
Mr. Flelshhacker says that the
World's Fair Is entertaining tremen
dous crowds every day and that the
receipts are far above the expendi
tures. He had been appointed chair
man of the committee to handle the
celebration attending the reception of
the Liberty Bell at San Francisco on
Saturday, but his visit to Portland made
It Impossible for him to serve, lie waa
largely instrumental In securing the
consent of the Philadelphia city offi
cials to send the bell to the Coast.
TIMBER PATROL PROVIDED
Central Oregon Owner Will Pay for
Between 75 and 100 townships of
privately owned timber land in Cen
tral Oregon will be patrolled by the
Forestry Department this Summer.
Frank A. Elliott, state forester, and
George It. Cecil, district forester of
the National service, will co-operate
In giving these lands that are con
tiguous to the National reserves , the
protection required by law.
Instead of maintaining private pa
trols the owners of these claims have
banded together and will pay their
proportionate shares to the State For
ester for receiving the services of the
Mrs. Crawford Passes Away.
. Mrs. Mary Q. Crawford died Tuesday
at the family residence. 414 College
street. Mrs. Crawford was born June
1. 1845. at Plattville. Wis., and in July.
1859. was married to Mllo D. Crawford,
who. with tbeir eight children, sur
vives. The funeral services Wednes
day were private, being conducted by
Hev. John H. Boyd at the residence and
at the grave in liivorvlew Cemetery.