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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 14, 1915)
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rOBTLASn, WEDNESDAY, JX'LY 14, 1014.
BRAINS EN THE NATION'S SERVICE.
Appointment of Thomas. A. Edison
cs head of an auxiliary board of civil
ian inventors to advise the Navy De
partment is important both in itself
and in the policy which it shows the
Department to have entered upon. At
last the department has become high
ly receptive to the advice of experts
in mechanical and chemical invention.
If Mr. Daniels will continue in the
path a good start will have been made
to overcome our deficiencies.
When former Secretaries of the
Navy have been in accord with the
General Board on policy of new con
struction, they have encountered ob
stacles in the committees of Congress.
These committees adopted as a guide
In recommending appropriations not
nvhat the Navy needed, but what Con
gress could spare after provid
ing for other expenditures. Many of
these expenditures were far less nec
essary, many others were highly
wasteful and many were dictated by
considerations of local political gain
rather than of the public good. Un
der the present Administration the
General Board has not even had the
backing of Secretary Daniels, and that
gentleman has punished officers like
Admiral Fiske who dared to testify
before committees of Congress to the
insufficiency of the Navy. If the new
spirit animating Mr. Daniels should
lead him to accept the General
Board's advice and if that spirit
should be communicated to Congress,
we shall have entered upon an era of
naval efficiency which will allay
alarm for our National safety.
Kxperts the General Staff should
in like manner be taken as guides in
regard to the strength, organization
and equipment of the Army. Unlike
the trained brains of the Navy, the
General Staff has had the support of
several successive Secretaries of War
for its plans for improving the Army,
but it has encountered the same diffi
culties in securing the adoption of its
plans by Congress, and for the same
The best hope of a more receptive
attitude on the part of both Congress
and the departments to new ideas on
the subject of National defense lies
in healthy public criticism and the
free expression of public opinion. Mr.
Daniels' new enthusiasm for increased
efficiency in the Navy may be traced
to the running fire of criticism to
which he has been subjected. It is
most significant that his interest in
the subject quickly followed the 'res
ignation of his political idol, Mr.
Bryan. The fact that he remained in
the Cabinet suggest that he has
turned from his idol's dream of peace-at-any-price
and has set to work in
earnest to strengthen the National
The importance of this new move
of Mr. Daniels cannot be over-estimated.
The most impressive lesson
of the present war is that modern
wars are won, not by the Nation
which has the most men and . ships
' engaged, but by the nation which
makes the fullest use of the inventive
and industrial skill of its people. Bat
tles are won in the laboratory, the gun
foundry "and the machine shop by
chemists, steel workers and other
skilled mechanics. Germany was the
first to act upon this truth and to that
fact is due the measure of success she
has had. Britain and Russia have
been slow to realize it, hence their
efforts on land have been barren of
results and they are only now mobiliz
ing their scientific and industrial
forces. France was quick to recog
nize German superiority in this re
spect and was first to overcome it. If
the United States should unhappily go
to war, our Army and Navy ought to
be equipped with the latest weapons
which men like Edison can design and
our factories should turn them out in
abundance. Splendid though they are.
the bravery and skill of the soldier
and sailor are ineffective against mod
AN A XXI-SWATTER.
The perennially interesting subject
of flies elicits some sensible remarks
from Dr. John B. Huber in the cur
rent number of Collier's. To demon
strate the gifts of the fly in the germ
diffusing line Dr. Huber Imprisoned
one of the creatures under a bell glass.
where it was compelled to walk abouM,
on a sheet of clean gelatine. In prep
aration for the experiment the insect
had been allowed to bedaub its feet
in the sputum of a tuberculous pa
tient. In a short time colonies of tu
berculosis germs sprang up in the
tracks left by the fly on the gelatine.
Just as they spring up in the lungs of
an infected person.
This Illustrates vividly what an un
fortunate fly does when it falls into
the milk jug. As it scrambles about
in the liquid it sheds germs by the
thousand and thus sows a harvest of
disease In the bodies of the family who
partake of the contaminated milk. In
this way and a thousand others fa
miliar to everybody who has watched
the antics of the fly it spreads not
tuberculosis alone, but typhoid, diph
theria, tetanus, glanders, infantile
paralysis, scarlet fever and so on.
Many of the "Inevitable" diseases of
infancy would vanish from the world
in short order were it not for the fos
tering attentions of the files.
Dr. Huber has but little faith in the
"swat-the-fly" campaign which has
made so-much noise in the world of
late years. This campaign would have
appealed strongly to Mrs. Partington,
who tried to dip the ocean dry with
her tea cup. It is like the efforts of
an aging beauty to rid her head of
gray hairs by deracination. For every
one she pulls out a hundred new ones
appear. It is a pleasing and not alto
gether useless process to slay flies
with a swatter, a trap -or a newspaper.
but it has little effect on their num
ber. A solitary mother fly can repro
duce her kind by the billion in a few
The only effective -way to get rid of
the pest is to starve it. Flies breed
in every sort of refuse and when we
cease to leave refuse about where they
can reach it they will disappear.
"Clean up" is a far more useful slogan
AJ.DEX t. BLETBEX
Colonel Alden J. Blethen, editor of
the Seattle Times, possessed a ari
combination of attributes. Grasp of
intricate details, -usually found in the
plodder, was accompanied by bound
less energy? so rarely found in the
analyst. He was an unusual figure in
the larger field of journalism, for he
was editor as well as publisher. He
knew his newspaper from the bottom
up. He understood and helped solve
the problems of the mechanical, cir
culation, business, news and editorial
departments. Perhaps it would be
more accurate to say that he directed
Rarely does an owner more thor
oughly express his personality in a
newspaper than did Cotonel Blethen.
It reflected his temperament to the
last item. Impulsive, generous, opti
mistic, patriotic, energetic, intolerant
of obstruction, the Times was Colonel
Blethen and Colonel Blethen was the
Times. In it he put his heart and soul
and he upbuilt it from a bankrupt
property purchased when he himself
was bankrupt, into a wealthy and In
In the course of events Colonel Ble
then made enemies. It was inevitable.
He never entered upon a campaign or
adopted a policy half-heartedly. What
he thought he said and did not mince
words about it. Outspokenness is not
conducive to universal friendship.
But while he made enemies he also
made friends. And of his enemies he
also often subsequently made friends.
Rancor against those who opposed
him in an issue did not abide with
him after the issue was settled. He
was always willing to make peace if
no sacrifice of convictions was
The death of Colonel Blethen closes
a remarkable career. He had made
one fortune and lost it before he ac
quired the Times. He did not take
up journalism until he was 35 years
old, yet he mastered it. His demise is
the end of a man, energtic, resource
ful, intelligent, by some thought ec
centric. Seattle and the , State of
Washington will miss his practical
loyalty and journalism his unique
BIG PAT. BCT ETTA CEMENT.
While it cannot be said that there is
yen a faint note of pessimism in an
article by Richard S. Chllds on the
city commission-manager plan of gov
ernment, there is found therein the in
formation that it does not always ob
literate politics, patronage quarrels or
strong criticism of municipal policies.
Mr. Childs, who is secretary of the
National Short Ballot Organization,
writes in the National Municipal Re
view of the progress of the plan and
tells of some of its accomplishments.
It is related, along with the good, that
the plan is under attack in Dayton. O.,
where he predicts that an attempt to
spoil the charter will be defeated, but
that a politician or two will be elected
on the commission; that the commis
sion in Phoenix, Ariz., has discharged
its manager because he was not amen
able to suggestions as to appointments,
and that at Niagara Falls the "mana
gership is viewed by some as a prize
plum for some local politician."
But of more interest Is his advice to
city managers. The spirit of the plan
will not be carried out if the manager
attempts to do any of the speaking,
explaining or glorifying. That must
be left to the commissioners who hire
the manager, and he must never differ
with them in public. The manager, in
short, must be content with a high
salary and the modest consciousness
of work well done. The trouble in
Dayton, it appears, is that the manager
has been so much in the limelight that
he has become a political issue.
While, as already observed. Mr.
Childs reveals no pessimism, his ad
vice is likely to create some doubt in
the minds of others as to the practi
cability of the managerial system for
cities. If it3 success depends upon
the unobtrusiveness of a man content
to let his own abilities shine through
a group of figureheads, it Is founded
upon a quality that rarely exists In
human nature. And how long will
the average electorate be content to
pay the city manager's ' fancy salary
when all the credit for efficiency Is
publicly assumed by the commission?
IN SEARCH OF A CANDIDATE.
The announcement that Republican
state leaders agree that their party's
candidate for President in 1916
should be a conservative must not be
taken to mean that they favor the old
stand pat leaders as against the pro
gressives. To nominate such a man
.would be to court defeat. It should
rather be takei to mean that the
choice will fall on some man who has
remained true to the party without
subserving to the old guard and also
without inclining to radicalism. The
progressives who remained with the
party in 1912 could probably be count
ed upon to support such a man, but
those who went out to form the Pro
gressive party might find their newly
revived loyalty to Republicanism
chilled by him.
The circumstances forbid the at
tempt of any element to dictate the
nomination, for reconciliation of the
estranged factions is so recent tha
great care must be taken not to -re
open the newly healed wound. It must
be conceded, however, that adherence
of the third party men is necessary to
insure Republican success, and a nom
ination repugnant to them is thereby
excluded from consideration.
Ex-Senator Root, having passed his
70th year and having discouraged con.
sideration of his name, may be elim
inated as a possibility except in some
unforeseen contingency. Senator
Weeks is strong with business inter
ests, but is too conservative to appeal
to the progressives. Ex-Senator Bur
ton is much more their type of man
and might be considered a safe man by
all elements. Senator Cummins l
noted as a progressive and might be
too much so to please the conserva
Uvea. Senator Borah has won golden
opinions throughout the country as
sane progressive, but he comes from
so small and ur Influential a state that
he cannot be considered in the run
nlng unless the convention should cast
off the habit of picking a man from
a large doubtful state In the hope that
he will carry it. This habit has been
broken in the past only when some
man had become a great, outstanding
figure, like James G. Blaine, of
Maine. The other men so far men
tioned have such strictly local sup
port as to be little better than favor
This situation presages a deadlock
in which the convention would be
hopelessly divided among a dozen can
didates. The possibility of a break to
any one of these candidates would be
diminished by the . fact that many
delegates would have been nominated
at direct primaries . with instructions
from the people to support one partic
ular man. They would not feel free
to change to any other among the men
who were originally in the race. The
only chance of a break when - the
deadlock had become hopeless would
be to turn to one who had not sought
the nomination and who had not been
In that connection the name of
Charles E. Hughes immediately comes
to mind. In fact, discussion of Re
publican candidates always comes
back to Justice Hughes in spite of all
he has done to prevent it. He has
forbidden the use of his name and has
plainly Intimated that he considers his
position on the supreme bench a bar
to candidacy for- elective office. Yet
such a situation might arise in the
convention that it would nominate
him in spite of himself. He would
be the bond to unite all elements and
factions, for he is a progressive con
servative and a conservative progres
After a weary convention had cast
about on all sides in search of a man
on whom it could agTee. the purpose
might form to do the' unprecedented
thing to force the nomination on an
unwilling candidate. Justice Hughes
might then be called upon to recon
sider his decision. He would have to
deliberate whether the greater good
was the preservation of the tradition
he cherishes that Supreme, Judges
should renounce all political ambition
ir restoration of unity in a sadly
divided aid perplexed party. It is
quite conceivable that in such a case
he would take it. Under any other
conditions there Is no probability
either that he would be nominated or
that, if nominated, he would accept.
THE DECI.INE OF THE KITCHEN.
Many an astute observer of social
conditions in the United States has
remarked upon the progressive disap
pearance of the American kitchen
with its adored cookstove. its lethal
pies and sour bread. Some have be
wailed Its decline. Others have glo
ried in it. Mrs. Charlotte Perkins Gil
man utters a shout of Joy whenever
she hears of another kitchen gone to
destruction. In her opinion this ven
erated institution is a mass of waste
and woe. It makes housewives miser
able and depletes the breadwinner's
A writer in the Brooklyn Eagle is
somewhat pf the same mind. His
family, he says. long since gave up
the kitchen and cookstove habit and
he finds himself a goo 4 deal richer
for the xevolutlon. Besides that, his
wife is happier and blooms with' more
rugged health. She is emancipated
from the cook, that pitiless tyrant of
the kitchen. Restaurant meals are
cheaper and better than those con
cocted at home. Time is saved and
life expanded into a glorious freedom
This gentleman lives In a flat. At
first his family supposed that they.
positively must have their own
kitchen, just as each household In an
cient Babylon had to have Its private
images of Baal. .
, But one day the sudden rebellion
of their cook lady drove them willy
nilly to a restaurant for dinner. To
their amazement they discovered that
the meal they got there was cheaper
and better than anything they were
used to at home. Necessity turned
Into a delight and they have dined
outside ever since. Breakfast has be
come a simple function of fruit juice.
mush and coffee. Luncheon is eaten
at the most convenient spot. Dinner
has become a Jolly family reunion in
some hospitable resort free from
scowls, worries and bills, except of
course the waiter's inevitable check.
But this Is. far more reasonable than
the expenses of the primeval kitchen
with its savage surroundings and bar
This same gentleman has emanci
pated himself and his family from the
Summer vacation at a boarding-house.
He takes his instead in an automobile
flitting ragariously about on twilight
roads and getting back home for a
comfortable sleep In his own bed.
LITERATCRE AND WAR.
Most of the literature inspired by
the European war has been pretty sad
stuff. The poetry has, naturally been
worse than the prose. Poets cannot
sing to advantage when they are
excited. The heavenly melodies
come when the excitement is
over. "Poetry," explains a sage.
is passion remembered in tranquil
lity." It will be a long while be
fore tranquillity regains Us sway
over the minds of European literary
people and In the meantime they find
a kind of sorrowful entertainment in
speculating. on what the war will do
to their art.'
A British writer In the July North
American Review figures out with
some degree of fancied precision 'just
how a defeat would affect the geniuses
of Germany. France or Russia, as the
case might be. If the Prussian hosts
should be defeated, he believes. It
might happen that the whole German
empire would lapse into a mood of
depression. Their great god of mil
itarism would have proved false and
the universe would look dull and
empty to them for a long time to
come. Life without the power to dom
inate the rest of mankind would hard
ly seem worth living to them and their
literature would be full of dust and
ashes. It would repeat "Die Leiden
des Jungen Werthera" in a million
But victory over the Prussians
thinks our author, would fill the Rus
sians and French with boundless Jubl
lation. The Russians would burst
Into books -distinguished for brevity
directness and common sense, quali
ties which he finds miserably deficient
in such writers as Tolstoi and Dostol
evski. The French would go back to
the hilariously romantic spirit of
Dumas and give us fiction like "The
Three Musketeers" again. If this
should really happen It would help to
mitigate our sorrow over a German
defeat, for one page of D'Artagnan is
well worth a million Hohenzollern
plumes and prayers. The excessive
literary Jubilation of the French and
Russians is looked for as a natural
reaction from the gloom they have
felt over the occupation of their terri
tory by the invader. The tyrant's heel
has been on their necks and they will
be Inordinately glad to see the last of
his retreating back.
We can hardly expect any such
gladsome literary outburst in Eng
land If the war finishes with victory
for the allies, since she haji not felt
so much of the bitter poignancy of
the fighting;. She has not been invad-
ed and is not likely to be. except by
fugitive airships. Hence Britain will
pour less exultation into her post hel
ium literature, but perhaps more san
ity. Our author hopes that the war
will extinguish the futurists and Ber
nard Shaw and bring in their places
a more healthful school of writers.
So much for speculation. That in the
North American Review is as valuable
as any. In other words it has no
Nobody knows what effect the Eu
ropean war will have on the literary
genius of mankind, for a thousand In
calculable factors enter Into the prob
lem. Take Russia for Instance. De
feat for the Czar's armies would be
quite likely to be followed by a popu
lar revolution and a great outburst of
highly optimistic poetry and fiction.
France gave us the hilarious Dumas
stories when she had been chastened
by defeat and was a cipher in Euro
The train officers comfort them
selves and us by describing that stone
throwing affair near Walla Walla as
a "prank" of small boys. The young
chaps would not have thrown stones
at the Liberty Bell If their elders had
not set them on. We might as well
admit to ourselves that there is a good
deal of disloyalty In the United States.
Some of it is loud, some quiet. The
latter is the more dangerous.
Spies are, upon the whole, rather
less shrewd than the spyatcbers. The
forty-nine who set forth for an auto
mobile ride In London In British on
cers' uniforms were nicely Isolated
and trapped by an order to the genu
ine officers to stay at home. In the
lonr run man's defensive Ingenuity
excels the agencies of destruction. If
It did not, the race would have been
extinct long ago.
If out of every million dollars tha
Czar borrows to arm his troora a mil
lion and a half is grafted, how long
will it take him to whip the Germans?
We hppe some high sohool mathema
tician will solve this problem for us.
We have puzzled ourselves Into a head,
ache over it without the faintest
glimpse of a solution.
With both Chlcagos of the big
leagues playing in first place, with
fair prospect of staying there, the
world's scries may lose flavor. The
Chicago Federals may, however, move
up a peg and give them the double
dog-dare to show what they can do, in
which event random will be standing
straight in the air.
Commissioner Claxton's opinion that
boys of twelve should be "partially
self-supporting" rends like good sense.
But what boys does he mean? Should
Lazarus' von be taught to earn his liv
ing while Dives' learns the feelings
and habits of a parasite? If it l
good for some boys to work, why not
Mr. Justice Hughes, of the United
States Supreme Court, says a boy gets
the best training In practical ethics by
playing with his comrades. Boys
teach one another to be honest, out
spoken and to "play fair." Mr.
Hughes thinks we Americans need
some vigorous lessons in fair play.
When a man leans his chin on the
muzzle of a sbotgun and touches It
off. there la no doubt of his intent to
commit suicide. That is what a Lu
Grande man did Sunday, and the In
quest "developed nothing of conse
quence." What could the Coroner ex.
The leather deal proposed by the
French government is an example of
a tariff concession which would be
beneficial to both parlies. If we had
a tariff commission vested with some
discretionary power. It might make
many such agreements.
Watch the officers who leave the
Army for better pay in ordnance fac
tories endeavor to sneak back into the
service when the strenuous days are
over. The retired list has a drag.
In these days when publicity has
dried up many sources of campaign
contributions Dallas' offer of 1 100.000
for the Democratic National Conven
tion Is not to be despised.
Acordlng to Mr. Bryan's theory.
when stagerobbers were abroad, trav
elers should have allowed the robbers
to designate the stages on which they
could safely ride.
When the saloons go out of busi
ness in a few months, Portland will
realize its need of more comfort sta
tions, and the movement to provide'
them is timely.
Announcements of victories by rival
claimants to American recognition as
ruler of Mexico are as abundant as
pre-election claims of presidential
Safe from Invasion, the German
harvc&t has begun and Indications
point to heavy crops. The German
farmer is behind a mighty wall of
'New York has grown half a million
or 10 per cent In five years. Pretty
good for an Eastern city. . Portland's
rate of growth is greater.' however.
Disregarding the fact that the water
wagon soon will be a popular convey,
ance, this municipality is about to dis
pose of five of this kind of vehicle.
While Inspectors are stopping the
sale of beef from diseased cows they
might os well stop, the sale and serv
ice of pork from hogs fed on fish.
In a case like that of Sam Krasner
what other witnesses could be found
than those of the underworld? That
is a poor reason for leniency.
Troop A. of the Oregon National
Guard, would be dangerous men to an
enemy which sought to penetrate the
The small boy who hit the Liberty
Bell with a rock will have -something
to blow about when he gets over fear
All of the German navy outside of
port and the Baltic Sea Is now sub
marine, but It does not always re
If the censors object to the movie
posters, what won't they do when the
circus comes? .
Was that thunder storm a warning
of the approach of Colonel Roosevelt?
Koumanla ic on the teeter-board.
European War Primer
By National Geegraefclcal clcty.
Where romance and Industry, beauty
and squalor, the greatest In art and
veriest quackery run riotous patterns
through the sub-AIplne lands of Italy.
Invasion Is threatening again, and such
of the rich heritage of civilization as
has weathered the many storms that
hare gathered and broken over North-'
ern Italy, is again In danger of war's
ruthless destruction. Some of Italy's
richest treasures and memories are
contained In her northern cities, and
here. too. lies the weight of Industrial,
commercial and political Italy. An in
timate description of these provinces
abutting upon the latest battle-frontier
has been prepared for the National
Geographic Society by Florence Craig
Albrecht, whose understanding of Italy
Is that of a long-time, sympathetic
friend. She writes:
"The "fatal gift of beauty. which is
Italy's dower, la that of each of her
children, as their history Is hers. The
unified Italy, which our generation has
.known. Is no older than us. The penin
sula bounded, roughly speaking, by the
Alps, the Mediterranean, the Adriatic
and the Tyrrhenian sea. has been oc
cupied from the dawn of history to our
own time oy countless rival states; has
been In turn both conqueror and con-
qured; ruler of half the world, vassal
of petty kings. Each of Its ancient
cities presents a shield so dented with
soars, so overwritten with words and
deeds, that no casual tourist may de
cipher It. Its loveliness, however, he
may nonetheless enjoy.
ir Italy's pages in hlstorv are
drenched in blood, they are gilded and
Blowing also with music and poetry
and song, with valor and love and art
If she were not a nation she was tha
home of many; a bit of earth so lovely
that the coolest-headed geographer
must admire: a place that gave birth
not only to wondrous fruits and flow-
era, but to marvelous children of men.
w hat our debt to her may be In
architecture. In sculpture. In painting.
in music, in poetry, in all that raises
life from dull necessitous routine
none may measure. Her political past
we may criticise; her artistic, never.
"From Genoa northward to Pavla Is
but a little way, but that way la over
me iiKurlan Alps, all green and gray
with vineyards and olives, and noisy
with swift little rushing rivers and
mlllwheela clacking around a lovely
way that eventually brings us Into the
plain of Lombardy. And here there are
many rich cities and much of art and
of history, for In this great fertile
plain, between huge mountain chains.
armies have ever gathered, looking up
toward the Alps, to great victories over
the pagans beyond them, or, themselves
pagans, rejoicing In the luxuriance
lrnii before them, as they faced Joy.
ously the Apennines and Rome.
"Northward the snow peaks of the
Alps form a natural barrier. It would
seem, to the nation tenanting t.n
peninsula; but soldiers h.tve little
sympathy with geographical boundnrls.
nave for strategic purposes, and diplo
matists none. The western chain of
Alps bends southward to the Mediter
ranean, ending presumably In the great
headland between Nice and Monaco.
Across this physical boundary Una
Italy's western limits have been thrust
back and forth through centuries,
reaching once far beyond Nice, at pres.
ent not quite touching Mentone, which
Is IS miles to the east of It. In the
Central Alps tha southern slopes he.
long to Italy, although, of course, the
greater portion of the chain lies In
Switzerland: but the Eastern Alps, to
the south as well as north, are Aus
trian." Of beautiful, romantic Austrian Ty
rol, at present a warpawn, the writer
"Occupied at the dawn of Its history
by a wild Critic tribe the Khaettans
tamed by all-conquering Home Into the
tributary province of lthaetia. the
northern part of Tyrol was Herman
izcd as early as the fifth century. On
thn other hand, the southern part re
mained Itoman. even to the extent f
Komanlzlng the Teutonic Landgobardt.
who swept up Into It from tha plains
of the I'o. The southern part, like Italy
itself, conquered Its Teutonic conquer
ors. Imposing upon them Its language,
its customs. Its life and thought, even
while submitting to their laws. In
part at least this much disputed. Ital-
ian-speaklr.c. Italian-looking district
was long ruled by Verona and by
Venice: a hundred years of Austrian
rule have not made of Trent, the most
prosperous little city of South Tyrol,
or ltiva. tha picturesque port upon
Lake Uerda. anything but Italian
towns. Natural sympathies and geo
graphical boundaries combine to make
the Trentlno most desirable to Italy;
yet no one may wonder that Austria Is
reluctant to yield It-
- Milan, the rich, modern, metropolis
of the north, where. Industry la con
tlnually throbbing and where tha life
of a steadily strengthening; commerce
pulsates, not many tnlUs removed from
the Austrian frontier. Is thus described
by Mrs. Albrechl:
"Milan Is today such a half-way
house for people rushing up and down
the earth, from the Mediterranean to
the Alps, from Venice to Como; it Is
so very well known, so very crowded,
so busy, so bustling, one feels there Is
nothing more to be told of her. Per
hsps I -cause she seems so entirely
modern, because she bears so (ew
traces of her earlier years, one feels
she does not appreciate her past. This,
however. Is not so. She has been lit
erally trampled Into the dust so often
she would have nothing but scars tw
show but for the Invincible courage
which made her Instantly build on her
rules the foundations of yet greater
And Milan, the last restoration, the
monumental modern city of business,
has again been brought upon the
baitlefront, and the struggle, aa It has
been through tha centuries for Milan,
is again between the Teuton and the
CIIIA8 AftCKSDIXO ITFORT ItEAt.
Flaaaelal Accosapl isksarw t la Pretest
Aaalatat Politic! H t lact !.
The last IS years in China have been
In particular one steady course of con
tinuous and ascending crises, a drama
of unsettled forces driven from with
out by complicated currents of political
adventure and economic greed. - Yet In
tho face of all these humiliations, which
have comprised the deliberate policy
or our generation to capitalize and per
petuate her feebleness, look with un
prejudiced eyes on the China of this
year ll&. and what do you find? Not
merely a new patriotism and a new
nationality born In ths self -revelation
of the revolution, but a firmer and bet
ter consolidated authority over the It
provinces than ever before In the his
tory of China.
A year has Just passed In which
China hat done two araszsng and abso
lutely unprecedented things, which no
one who does not know of the Sisyphus
like handicaps against her ran possibly
appreciate. On her own natlonsl credit
and among her own people she hss
raised her first substantial domestic
loans, a financial Initiative which has
brought her a fund of almost flo.ooo.
000. And she has come through the
last financial year not only with the
staggering burdens of her foreign In
debtednesa paid up on the nail to the
last penny, but with an actual surplus
of cash In hsnd that has been helped
by no foreign loan. Such achievements
are not due to mere clever financial
management: they are the moral
answer of a people protesting againet
the extinction of their political life.
Gardner L, Harding la July Century.
WHY HAND OK CHARITY IS ft LOW
Writer Saggeeta Rrsssis fer Tardy
HnsaiM te Basra's As sea la.
PORTLAND. July 11 (To the Edi
tor.) If the Associated Charities are
In sesrch of a resson for the tardy re
sponse from the public to their appeal
for ISovu to be expended In Summer
time chanty. I can suggest one, by
simply turning the mirror on my own
mind. I. as a taxpayer, am wondering
why we support a county, home and
hospital for the needy. It people are not
to take refuge there when In need.
This same question. I do not doubt.
Is In the minds of thousands of Port
land a taxpayers. If the home we offer
the destitute is not acceptable to them,
we should burn It down, and stop
squandering our money on Its support.
I wish to say further that a goad
many cases cited as needy by the As
sociated Charities do not "ring true"
In the ears of the practical, hard
working, often self-denying people who
constitute a very Isrge proportion of
Portland's taxpayers. For Instance,
case No. I. reported In The Oregonian of
the 2th Inst.: .
Young couple with two children. ht rae
teeo l.v.ng in furet:il rvms. have evened
to buy t. .il:le home at tfce ia: c.f S.:-o a
!. TV snan maa lit'.., tuun as a
s-r.-sh!f :-r Tht ar la neeA of tarnl-i""-.
!. is :y chairs sad a tab., and can.
oee allord t buy them.
As I read that appeal my thoughts
traveled backward to a certain late
Autumn 81 years ago, when L with my
parents, arrived In Oregon, from an
Kastera stale, by .way of the Old Emi
grant road. The little money we had
when we started westward was in
greenbacks, and at the end of our five
monthe Journey we came un against a
40 per cent depredation. Flour was
selling at IT per sack, and many other
necessaries at similar prices. We had
no "furniture." except the few poor
things we had used throughout our
long overland Journey soma blankets
and buffalo skins, a frying pin, coffee
pot. tin plates and cups, snd a wash
tub. Yet we asked no help, and ehUl
would have been the reception of any
one coming to offer us charity.
We pitched our weather-stained tent
In a core among the foothills of the
Blue Mountains, four miles from a
lively mining- town. Before th first
snow fell father had constructed a
comfortable log cabin, with a wide fire
place of rough stone, and "built-in"
bedsteads or unplaned ixt lumber. My
brother end I built a rustic "settee" at
one side of the fireplace, and made a
table and soma stools with the boards
from a large packing case. And
throughout that long snowy Winter
how cosy and happy we were, and best
of all how Independent.
So now. to that young couple who
are going- to buy their first little home,
and think they need furniture. I say:
Oo ahead, but go It alone. Do not ac
cept so much at a toothpick from any
man. Make the little furniture you
need ' with your own hands: stand on
your own legs. Hold fast to your In
dependence, and to the everlasting re
spect cf your children. C It. M.
I.IQtOR un COILU BE f.RK 1TF.II
-Prafclbltlaw Nat lateaaed Prw.lblf
a C barge Ag-atwat Orrgaa Law.
I-Ol-lSVTLLr:. Ky.. July 7. (To the
Editor.) I read with pleasure vour
editorial putting Into plain English
for laymen the effect of the recent de
cision of the Supreme Court of the
I'nlted States In the Kentucky rase In
volving the legality of shipments of
liquor Into prohibition states.
One point seemed to me to be of
special Interest, not only to the people.
vi regon. out to the people of every
state In the Cnlon. and that Is that un
less the state shall decree otherwise
the W'cbb-Kenyon law will not Inter
fere With the shipping- of liquor for
personal use Into prohibition territory.
It Is not established that the state
has now the constitutional power to
deny to Its rlttsens the rlaht to u
liquors, but this question Is now be
fore the Supreme Court In a case that
went up some time, ago from West
Meanwhile. It Is rtranga that tha
Prohibitionists, with a l of their al
leged hatred for "turn" and with all
the vol. s at their command at the
pl!a and In legislative halls, have not
seen nt to legislate against supplying
liquors to residents of prohibition ter
ritory. The law on this point In Ore
gon offera an excellent example of
prohibition that la not Intended to pro
hibit, as It permits the cltlxens of Ore
gon to rrceiva six gallons or disti:ied
! Irlts or "J gailina or rermented
lluuors per capita per annum.
Tha consumption of distilled spirit
In the aholt country Is only about a
gallon. and a half per capita per an
num, and the consumption of fermented
liquors Is only about 21 k a I Ions per
capita per annum, and Ihreviore the
Oregon prohibition law advocated as
a temperance law actual)- provides
for an enormous Increase In the con
sumption of vth:sky and beer.
If Oregon shou.d live In accordance
with her prohibition law the would be
the wettest spot In the world.
For this privilege she has forfeited
large revenues and has confiscated,
without compensation. en Immense
amount of saloon and brewery prop
erty acquired lawfully by !ax-patii
clt I sens.
If Orrgon la to use a large amount
of liquor she surely could arrange for
the lawful local manufacture and li t
In some form acceptable to the people.
T. M. GlLMOrtl-:.
President National Model License
tub i.oi:r An Tin: viotT.
"Lady, may these vloleta 1 tease thee;
i'lraslng thee is all I ask."
Lover looked to her he longed for.
Violets In bis outstretched hsnd
Lo. the lady passed beyond him;
In the dust the violets lav.
With emotion, white as snow drift.
Choking at each painful breath.
The lover stood as one In deatb.
Slowly moved he, knowing naught
Save that death giv-a pain no greater
Than those vlolj-ta In the dust.
The Isdy moved: looked right nor left;
Psssed the lover as be stood.
Oslly moved hs not for long
Then aghast she stood and thought
Thought she beard the vloleta calling.
Calling to her Inmost heart.
Oh. the woes In moments given.
Oh. the woes of blighted troth.
All the woes of hearobroke lovers
To this lady cam aa one.
Clutching wildly throat and bosom
Oh. to still those violets' call.
And now the lady backward sped.
Stooping where the violets lay.
She picked them up and with her tears
Washing all dust stains away;
The lover passing by. he saw.
He heard his violets calling.
Wllj tear-dlmmed eves. with tut-
With longing 'heart he came to her.
"My violet, dear, what have yo'j
Two hearts beat fast, two souls en
Was It to live? Was It to die?
The violets called and answered
To live and love and never !ie.
Itelea 1- Tom'.lnsaa and Julian I'. Scott.
I-eascst la c:ralta(loM.
"Did your watch stop when it dropped
on the floor?" asked one man of his
friend. "Of course." was the answer.
"Did you think It would go through?"
Ituffalo ( N". Y.) Courier.
"For II I will foretell your future."
"Are you a genuine soothsayer?"" "1
am." "Then you ought to know that
I haven't got II."
Twenty-Fire Year Ago
From The Oresantaa of July 14. 1690.
London. July IX. David Duriley Field
wl:l preside at the universal peace
conference which opens at London to
morrow. Colonel Charles F. rtcebe Is buck
from bis New York trip. He Is feelinc
and looking greatly improved, after
a much-needed vacation.
Chicago Herald A silver dollar
saved the life of a your.g lady at St.
Louis a day or two ago. A rejected
suitor fired at her. the bullet striking
a com and glancing off without dolnc
a particle of harm. Probably In the
next debate on the silver question the
free coinage Congressmen w :11 cf iue
out with eloquent fervor on the l:fe
savlng qualities of the silver dollar.
At East Tortland yesterday the
Mason & Khrman team defeated tha
Closset A I'trtn team by the score
or :o to 1C.
Considerable progress hss been mads
on the foundation for the new ore
gonian building, and the stone for the
walls has been quarried and will be
gin to arrive In a few days.
San Francisco, July 1J. Daniel
Holmes and wife, of Hrockport. N. V
registered at a downtown h'otel yes
terday. Mrs. Holmes Is none other
thsn Msry J. Holmes, the fsmous nov
elist, whose story of "Lena Livers' has
been read all over two continents. She
Is the author of novel, many of
which have been translated into for
eign languages. Mra. Holmes bas Just
returned from Alaska, having gone as
far north as Chiles. This I her sec
ond visit to the Coast, aha having- so
journed in San Francisco for several
weeks five years a Co.
In about six weeks about the biggest
b'sst that has tvra been fired in the
Northwest will be act off at Kort
Crescent. This blast will consist of
ten tons of powder and will be w-ell
worth traveling hundreds of miles to
see. Men are now st work driving a
tunnel Into a solid formation cf rock
for a distance of 10 feet and will run
a gnllery each side of the main tunnel
a dii-ianoe of 0 feet. In which the
powder wi'.l be placed preparatory to
tho blast. We are informed that rep
resentative people from all over the
country, together with reporters from
different papers on the Sound, will be
present to witness the explosion of
this vast quantity of powder. It wll".
be a sight that cannot be witnessed
every day and no one should miss seeing-
U. Due notice of the time will be
given In the columns of this paper.
Water In the t'pper Willamette. Is
still al a good boating stage. The four
steamers that have been running since
last November, the Modoc. Champion.
Wm. S. Hoag and the N. S. Bcnt!ey are
sli:l making trips between 1'ortlsnd
and Corvall.s. the water not yet l
inr low enough to prevent any of them
doing so. The frelKht that Is being
moved Is mostly from Portland for up
river points and a large jnwum of It
during the past week has been htr
v. stint machinery.
Half Century Ago
From The Orccnnlin of July 14. 13.
The following imrresslve thought Is
taken from one of the recent utter
ances of Itev. Dr. Bushnrll. of Hart
ford. Conn. He Is speakinc of the
majesty and strenuth -f our "lovern
ment: "We did not know how lrvng
11 was b tore. Nobody had any con
ception or ti.e Immense strain It rould
bear. How bright Is the future of
such a Oovernment and Nation". Hal
lowed by so many battle I.eJOs. and
these by the trihute of to many histo
ries, and sung by so many utsi of the
great poets of the future, l-o ler
and l-.ow glorious It wi'.l be. A no.
thank ood. It waa our privilege to live
In this ly Of crista, thii always to he
called the heroic age of the tci'Uhlic."
Northrup 4k Co. advertise in another
column "'powler that speaks lor tlecif."
We recommend the artlcie to the
Washl.tiilon ArKlScry iVn-.).ny. It
may prove rfflcacioua lo t-em in nrlr:
Mlulrt u.th ll.fct brass cannon brought
The 1 pounds cf rock from tho
While Hi:!! ledge, on the Sanliam. J r.i
diced gold to the amount cf fjlyf:.
aa shown by an asay ma.'.e jfin.:v
by Tracy A: t"o. Tha gold is ." Tne.
showing a large rercent of silver.
The result Is Very satisfactory snd
proves beyond the cavil of a jbt
that we have bear hoir.c mines t:.st
outrival tha most famous can. r-s on tho
Coast. There la now neatly ;0(0 l.r.
of r k at the mill s-te ready for
crushing as locn as le maihln-rv
can ba gotten into the Icier. wi-.:ci
will be In about t:.r weeks. A
liii,nllty cf aierace rock has been
ml for and will be tested when H
arrives, by the same process through
which these have been worked.
Judge K. D. Shattnck. Dr. A. J.
Chapn in and S. B. Parrish. 1(J, left
)eierda' for i-alem and the hanllam
So far this year we l.ave not beard
anything about the Front -street Ini-proven-enl
s below i'lne street. What
la to be rtor.e with that fart of the
avenue? It is certainly wors-e. includ
ing some or the cobblestone javemrrt.
than any other portion of the city and
Is used one-third more 1'ian any other
street in Portland,
This morning we rresenl 'o our
readers tha annual exhibit of financial
matters for the County uf Multnomah
for the hsnal year emiin on the first
Monday in July. This statement show a
a balance of lis.stl II In the treasury,
of which sum IM72 la currency and
the sum-of f;i.ll0 I) In gold and sil
ver cola. '
The huge Husslan bloodhound. Hero,
kept by the rebels to pursue tha
t'nion soldiers who ma.de their escape
from the Hichmor.d prisons. I la New
York, In charge, cf I. Is kecjcr. Tho
pup Is over three feci hlsh snd ran
gat aaay with elcht pounds of meat
at a meal provlo.ng that his me.-U-.
come often er.outh. ,.
A Washington dispatch of June "
says that Secretary Seward still u
(erlrnrri gnat difficulty In speaklnc
and eating, hla lower Jaw being fas
tened so aa to t-a Immovable. The lo er
part of his face is completely envel
oped In a mechanical contrivance for
keeping h'.s Jsw In place, so that it
Many a romance began In tha
hammock swinging under the trees.
And most certainly a mighty lot
of warm-weather comfort for old
and young hat been furnUhed by II.
So why not give It due consider
ation In making your Summer pur
chase? The hammock Is typical of many
other things which make the warm
weather a season of delight.
Perhaps the sdvertlsing In The
Oregonian will suggest some of
ihem to you.
The sdvertlsing has a plessirg
1-sbit of keeping Its suggestione