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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (July 8, 1915)
TTIE MORXIXG OHEGOXIAX. TnUTtSDAY. JtXLY 8. 1915.
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PORTLAND, IHlKSDAr, JULY 8. WIS.
PROFIT ANO CONSCIENCE.
The Rev. Charles F. Aked, an English-born
naturalized citizen of the
United States, and Walter Rauschen
busch, D. D., a native-born American
of German descent, have joined in issuing-
a protest and plea concerning
the shipments of arms and ammuni
tion by private manufacturers in this
country to the belligerents of Europe.
Aside from the novelty of the collab
oration the two divines have brought
out little on the subject that we have
not heard before. An example Is the
familiar story of how the people
prayed for peace and then counte
nanced lucrative trade in products
which "feed and stoke the fires of
But possibly the most remarkable
argument in the protest is the fol
lowing: We are also told that an embargo under
the present circumstances would work hard
ship for ;reat Britain and her allies only,
end therefore would have an unneutral bear
ing. The reply is plain; the exportation of
arms under present circumstances also works
hardship for one side only, and has a still
more unneutral look.
Why individual acts of private citi
zens have a more unneutral look when
advantageous to but one side, than an
affirmative National act which is also
advantageous to but one side, is not
explained. Wc doubt that it can be.
In any event the thought is presented
as sound logic that one form of tin
neutrality is properly cured by adopt
ing another form of unneutrality. It
Is not a "reply" at all.
.It seems to us that those who dis
cover hypocrisy in a combination of
peace prayers and war profits stop too
soon. If there should be an embargo
it should be a complete embargo.
Food is as important in war as pow
der. " If it is our duty to act as well
as pray, let us do it with thorough
ness. Tet Dr. Aked and Dr. Rausch
enbusch would stop shipments of
weapons that aid the cause of war and
remove all -obstructions to shipments
of food which keep up the fighting
strength of the belligerents. -
And thoroughness includes more
than a mere embargo during war
times. If an embargo on arms is Jus
tified at all, it is justified only onhe
grounds that war for any cause, on
any provocation, is wicked and that
he who feeds war and the neutral na
tion that permits its citizens to feed
war are wicked also. In time - pf
peace wise nations prepare for war.
Conscience on this hypothesis can be
-cleansed only by national prohibition
of the manufacture of every device
or product that can be used in organ
ized human slaughter.
(,OOI) Mt'SIC AND BAD.
Josef Hofmann, the celebrated
pianist, says he does not believe that
"modern music is "on the same level,
. -mentally, emotionally or artistically,
with what has gone before." It Is
'.composed, he thinks, very much as
'some critics aver that the short story
of the current magazines is manufac
tured, by wholesale recipes. "Com
Josing seems," Mr. Hofmann remarks
acidly, "to have degenerated into mu
sical milking. The cow stands there.
.Bring your pail, apply the method
'known to every milkmaid and farm
land, and, presto! there is the prod--tict,"
fugue, sonata, symphony, what
' - It is not to be expected that a per
. former who plays music manufac
. lured in this way will stir up much
'emotion In his audience. They may
.admire his wonderful technique, but
they will not weep over his passion,
or the pasion will not be there. Mu
sic which is composed for show, like
short story which is written for
-"style." will win shallow admiration,
. liut will make no appeal to the deeper
feelings. To performers who think
.only of the money they are making
this is no objection to modern music.
As long as it pays well they are satis
fied. Josef Hofmann thinks the bank ac
count plays rather too large a part in
the aspirations of some of our musi
cal geniuses. Devotion to that allur
ing deity leads them to make im
proper concessions to "the popular
itaste." stifling conscience for the sake
6f hard cash. and. like other showmen,
dealing in humbug instead of genu
ine values. But still Mr. Hofmann
'has intelligence enough to understand
that popular taste is not necessarily
.bad taste. Musicians of less note
make this blunder so frequently that
-it is cheering to see him escape it.
1 The public is perfectly able to "un
Tderstand and sympathize with" the
tpest music that ever was composed,
fuch, for example, as Beethoven's and
especially Mozart's and Handel's. All
' they need for this consummation is an
t opportunity to hear It oTten enough to
J learn its beauties. What- passes in
common parlance for "the public's
J miserably bad taste" is nothing in the
world but lack of opportunity to learn
t good music. It is noteworthy that
purchasers of talking machines soon
-come to prefer what they call "clas--sical
pieces" to ragtime and other bal
derdash..' Musical performers are apt to de
ride the public for not liking that sort
u" music "which appeals to the love of
sno- and technique. V.'nen they find
tn.t this sort of stuff is not popular
tr.ey go to the other extreme, which is
Just as bad but no worse, and. give
their hearers music hall trash. Be
tween the trash of Strauss and vaude
ville ragtime, the latter is. In our mod
est opinion, somewhat the more lauda
ble, but why give the public either one
when there are the exhaustless stores
.f Beethoven, Bach, Mozart and a
hundred other sane composers to draw
upon? Such composers as these would
be more popular than any spinner of
ragtime melodies If the common peo
ple could hear their works often
' enough to learn them. One must. In
a way, know such a piece as the "Son
ata Apassionata" by heart before It
can be appreciated. What audience of
plain people hears it often enough, for
any such effect?
Why there should be any hesitancy
over a decision on Mr. Daly's latest
water scheme is beyond honest com
prehension. The people by a large
majority rejected the meter plan. Now
Mr. Daly proposes that a policy be
adopted which clearly means that all
water consumers, including those that
object to the useless cost, shall be
taxed to supply those who want
In other words the verdict in the
last election against meter installation
is to be construed as nothing more
than a poll of the people to determine
who shall have meters and who shall
not. Those who voted yes on the
ordinance shall have them; those who
voted no shall not.
Unless a referendum Imposes a
moral obligation upon public servants
to abide by the will of the people we
might as well abandon direct legisla
tion. The people have expressed
themselves clearly against an expendi
ture of their money for meters and
against the further expenditure of
their money for the costs of meter
maintenance and meter Inspection.
To disregard the will of the majority
even In part would be Impudent, reac.
tlonary and a grossabuse of delegated
LETTING Til E PCBI.IC KNOW.
No doubt the suggestions made by
Mr. Bryan the other day to the news
paper editors assembled at San Fran
cisco were received with the kindly
spirit that always radiates from a
business or professional man when
told how he can better please JUs pat
rons. Mr. Bryan expressed the conviction
that newspaper articles and editorials
should always be signed and that the
editor's financial interest In. policies
advocated should be stated. Come to
think of it, is there anything which
the public Is more clamorous to learn
than that a tariff story, for example,
was written by Reporter Smith, the
headlines by Copy Reader Jones, and
that the editor is quite convinced that
in his editorial comment ha H advo
cating the only remedy for the high
cost of his own living?
Yes, there is. Who knows but that
the harsh things the editor writes are
the product of indigestion rather than
sound thinking? He should be re
quired to state what he has had for
A MAGIC KORSEMIOK.
One never knows what he may find
inside a tree. At a sawmill near
Vancouver the other day they found a
horseshoe to their sorrow, for It was
deeply Imbedded and stripped off the
teeth of the saw that was devouring
the log. Some boy. had nailed the
horseshoe to the tree years and years
ago and the wood had slowly inclosed
and hidden it.
Where is the boy now? Would he
be willing, and able, to pay for the
saw that his youthful pastime ruined?
What did he nail the horseshoe to the
tree for? Was it to make his luck
perpetual? It is well known that a
horseshoe lying In the road will bring
bad luck if you pass it by untouched,
but if you pick it up and nail it to the
barn door or to a tree, goodness and
mercy will follow you all the davs
of your life, or at least until the talis
man is displaced.
The chances are that the boy who
nailed the horseshoe to that fir tree
near Vancouver Is a millionaire now,
but in our mind's eye we see his for
tune slipping away since the cause of-f
it has been torn from its secret bed.
Tne 'loss of a big saw is not the worst
consequence of disturbing the magic
horseshoe. There is also, very likely,
the family of a Wall-street magnate
reduced to penury.
LAST OF A "DESERVING DEMOCRAT."
A welcome, sequel, probably a con
sequence, of W. J. Bryan's resignation
as Secretary of State is the resigna
tion of Mr. Sullivan as Minister to
Santo Domingo. He was permitted to
resign after Senator-elect Phelan had
brought into a lurid light his utter un
fitness for any diplomatic office. We
may now hope that the United States
will be represented at Santo Domingo
by a man who will not stir up revolu
tions or seek fat contracts for his
friends. We may also hope that the
Dominican customs service will be
administered in the interest of Santo
Domingo, not of "deserving Demo
crats." The change from Secretary Bryan
to Secretary Lansing should make
itself felt In a higher standard of
service among our diplomats. Mr.
Bryan's first care was to appoint "de
serving Democrats," their qualifica
tions as diplomats being a secondary
consideration. Mr. Lansing's record
warrants the hope .that diplomatic
ability - will be first considered and
that we shall have no further cause to
blush for the antics of our representa
tives, as we have for the deeds of our
so-called diplomats in Greece. Rou-
mania and Santo Domingo. As Mr.
Lansing has attained his high office
by sheer.merit and not at all by po
litical maneuvers, so we have causa
to expect that his subordinates will
obtain advancement by the same
means. There is a prospeyt that the
merit system will ax. tin prevail, as It
did under Secretaries Root and Knox.
That this should be so is particu
larly important in the present condi
tion of international affairs. Our rep
resentatives in the capital of every
belligerent country are caring for the
interests of that country's enemies.
Unless they display great tact, they
may cause friction with this country.
They may become the medium
through which the first overtures for
peace will be made, and on their skill
may depend the success of negotia
tions to end the war. No particular
objection will be raised to deserving
Democrats provided thev are compe
EXTENDING ORIENTAL TRADE.
While attention has centered re
cently on South America as a field
for extension of our foreign trade,
there is cause for gratification In the
fact that steps are being taken for its
extension in the Orient. Such a step
is the establishment by the American
Express Company of branches in Ma
nila and Hongkong, following upon
the visit of the Chinese Industrial
Commission to the United States.
The time is as opportune for exten
sion of our Oriental as of our South
American trade, for commercial cur
rents have been as much disturbed In
Asia as in South America. British
and German merchants and bankers
have had a strong grip on the trade
of China, and the aversion of the
Chinese to change made it difficult
for Americans to get an opening.
Nevertheless American .capital has
turned In that direction In Increasing
volume. Commerce with Europe is
now seriously Interrupted and that
continent Is In a poor position to
finance Oriental trade and enterprise.
Necessity, If nothing else, causes
China to look to the United States, but
good will and confidence go with ne
cessity. Under American rule Manila,
too. has become a great commercial
center, and may become the trade
center of the Orient, for Americans
Branches of American banks and of
express companies doing a banking
business will exercise a powerful lev
erage in breaking Europe's grip on
Chinese and Philippine trade. Busi
ness being carried on mainly by Euro
pean banks, exchange is made In Eng.
iiwh pounds, but American banks act
ing as Intermediaries between Amer
ican manufacturers and Asiatic Im
porters can make American dollars the
medium of exchange. If some means
could be found by which the banks of
the Pacific Coast could co-operate in
the opening of banks In the commer
cial centers of the Orient. trans-Pacific
commerce would receive a great
stimulus and Americans would get a
hold o.n the trude which Europe could
not easily break.
THE BE.1T NOVELS.
There are three kinds of novelists
whom everybody In the world rises up
and calls blessed. The first Is the
man, or woman, who writes a moving
love story, pure and true, with a happy
ending. The second Is the author who
gives us a good story of adventure,
it may be adventure on- a desert
island, or of a detective In pursuit of
some adept criminal. That makes no
difference. What we want la "mov
ing uccidents by flood and field." The
third benefactor Is he who writes: n
story that makes us laugh, or at any
rate diverts the mind from its gloom
and lures the heart to forget its trou'
Such a book was "The ''ugitlve
Blacksmith." which appeared years
ago without any successor. Another
book of this beneficent species Is
"Ruggles of Red Gap," which the crit
ics have praised very slightingly, but
everybody w ho reads It recommends It
to his friends. Some current novel
ists have forgotten the difference be
tween a story and a sermon. Others
give us what they call a. story and It
turns out to be a treatise on philoso
phy or sociology. We ask for the
bread of recreation and they give us
the stone of abstract theorizing.
-We have no quarrel with sociology,
philosophy or mathematics. They are
all good In their places. But a pure
and .unadulterated story is also good
in Its place, and when a book pretends
to be a story it Is a sin and shame to
make it anything else. Stories have
been the Joy and consolation of mis
erable man from the very beginning
of his pilgrimage through this vale of
tears. The Finns in the depths of
their dark Winter sometimes sit for
three whole days without food or sleep
listening to the bards recite lays of
love and war: The Arabs of the des
ert want no other recreation than to
lie on their carpets lr the sand and
listen to the interminable tales of their
Everywhere and always grown men
and children crave stories. It is not
style that they want, nor plot, half so
much as action and feeling. There Is
plenty of feeling in "Little Red Riding
Hood" and plenty of action In 'The
Treasure Island." The Tact that the
latter has style is a mere accident.
A hundred people read it for the ad
ventures to one for the style.
OCR NAVAL EXPANSION PI.ASSS.
When Congress meets, one of the
most serious problems to be solved by
it will be how to apply in the naval
programme the lessons of the war.
Has the submarine rendered the
dreadnought practically worthless as
a weapon of offense or will It become
possible to combat one submarine with
another, as the destroyer was perfect
ed to combat the torpedo-boat? Can
battle cruisers be made of such speed
and mobility in maneuver that by vig
ilance they can defy the submarine?
Can aeroplanes and dirigible be Im
proved for effective use against sub
marines as well as against surface
Some authorities are so Impressed
with the achievements of the subma
tine that they would cease building
battleships and would trust entirely to
submarines for defense of the coast
against invasion. But they .fall to
take Into account the possibility of
further inventions which may impair
the defensive value of the submarine.
Every invention in naval warfare has
been countered to some extent by an
other Invention. A battleship may yet
be built with such protection of Its
hull as to be proof against torpedo
attack by any submarine now exist
ing. Some metal or combination of
metals may be found which will com
bine strength with lightness and
can thus "be used to armor a
ship throughout.' Battle cruisers may
be built which can dodge torpedoes
by swift maneuvering and out
run submarines or run them down
before they can submerge. Devices
may be used which will detect the
proximity of an underwater enemy
before it comes within torpedo range.
One or all of these possible discoveries
may prolong the usefulness of the
battleship, as It was prolonged by the
destroyer after the torpedo-boat was
thought to have doomed it.
Before wo place our sole reliance
fr defense on submarines, we must
also be assured that they cannot be
successfully attacked by the Invaders
submerged craft. Such craft have be
come larger, swifter and have ac
quired wider radius of action, though
to the latter cause have probably been
attributed long voyages which were
made possible by secret bases of sup
ply along the way. They may yet be
able to cross the Atlantic, and they
may acquire such surface speed that
they can outrun cruisers. One sub
merged boat may be enabled to en
gage another submerged b.at- If
these possibilities were realized, a
fleet of transports might bring an in
vading army under convoy of a fleet
of swift submarines and the latter
might attempt to clear the way to a
landing place by sinking the subma
In such a case the best defense
would be a vigorous offensive. We
might send out seagoing submarines
to engage like craft of the enemy in
mid-ocean. If battle cruisers could
be built on the plan described, they
could go out also to attack the ene
my's battle fleet and submarines and
to sink the transports. We cannot
safely wait until we have learned all
that there is to learn from the present
war. We must reinforce our Navy In
the light of the information now avail
able, and. while we should certainly
enlarge our submarine flotilla most
extensively, we cannot with safety
suspend entirely the building of other
On one point there should be no
hesitation the construction of many
aircraft for both Navy and Army.
While Secretary Daniels Informed the
House committee that all attempts to
get a good type of aeroplane have
failed. Great Britain and Germany
have each built 1400 such craft,
France has 900 and Russia 1000 to
our twenty-three. Trfese craft have
proved of immense value in recon
naissance on land, in locating gun po
sitions for the allied fleet on the Dar.
duncllea and In raids across both sea
and land against communications,
transport, munition factories and
stores .and reserve troop. Notwith
standing many-disasters. Zeppelin air
ships have raided England and
France, and one of them overhauled
a Dutch ship at sea. The British navy
has converted the forward deck of a
ship Into a starting and alighting sta
tion for aeroplanes on the Darda
nelles. While we have been awaiting
the perfection of aircraft and have
only recently let a contract for six
hydroplanes, the belligerents have
been doing their best with what Is
now on the market, and that best has
proved remarkably good. 4
Congress would do well to follow
their example. The time Is not ripe
to abandon any type of vessel
heretofore ust-U in naval warfare,
but enough Is known to Justify prompt
action In 'strengthening our Navy In
those points where It Is obviously
weak and where other navies have de
veloped new strength. The chief of
these are submarines and aircraft, but
we should add tenders for such craft,
and auxiliaries. In which we are
Before they got a share In the gov
ernment. British Tories opposed re
striction of liquor traffic In munition
making arras. Now that they share
the responsibility for producing muni
tions, they Join In adopting restriction,
having learned Its necessity. One work
man Is quoted as saIng that shell
makers work 110 hours a week. Men
cannot work at that pace unless all
their faculties are alert, and they are
not alert when the brain Is fuddled
with heavy English sle.
We carnot understand why a man
should hang himself to keep from get
ting married, as Herbert Werner did.
There are a great many less danger
ous was of escape. The man who
kills himself to avoid a prospective
wife Is Just about as wise as the girl
who married a suitor "to get rid of
him." Both of therrl "would be the
better for a little more sense.
Branch public libraries have been
so popular that the art museum man
agers are taking a hint from them In
Boston and other cities. We shall
soon see infant, but not Infantile,
museums scattered here and there, the
thriving offspring of a strong central
Institution. Art. like books, must go
to the people In order to win their
The Cmr must have labored hard
to overcome his pious scruples before
cementing his new alliance with
Japan. The troops who are to come
to his rescue are the same "heathen"
whom he bitterly denounced a few
years ago. i;ut misery makes strange
Evelyn Thaw's availability for the
vaudeville circuit will be greatly en
hanced by her new experiences. To be
arrested and perhaps Imprisoned for
her devotion to her husband, or the
want of It, should be worth J500 a
night for a month or two. at least.
There was too much grandstand
play about the Montenegrin recruit
ing In this country for Uncle Sam to
tolerate it. If King Nicholas agents
had quietly given the recruits tickets
to Canada, with a tip to go singly,
thero might have been no Interference.
There Is a state law concerning
thistles that applies as well to vacant
lots. Ere long the pest will bloom
and the down find lodgment. If the
owner of an Infected lot cannot cut
his weeds, the hand of authority
should be laid on him.
If a day's fighting by the British
nets the capture of only 200 yards of
German trenches, the armies will all
be doddering old men before the Ger
mans are pushed out of France and
There Is material for Interesting
speculation In the question what Hora
tlus of the bridge would have done
had tho Gauls made an air raid on
The Montenegrin Is In hard luck
who would right, and Is In detention on
tho opposite side of the world. It
must be due to German plotting, of
A while ago the grain was burning
east of the Cascades, but the rains
descended and tho grain Is saved. Does
anybody think this la due to chance?
Ninety-five of the 1J3 graduates this
year from tho Monmouth Normal
have position already. It Is possible
Cupid has an ee on the others.
What if the Germans did take a
Standard fill liner en route to Swe
den? They will pay for and keep the
oil. which Is tho end sought.
Postmasters have tho strongest In
ducement to be boosters, for the In
crease In thrtr salaries depends on the
growth tf their towns.
The sweet pea Is not as regal as the
rose, but It fills a niche In the floral
kingdom that would be sadly vacant
If Dave Eccles had. died poor. It Is
likely the Geddes boy would not look
like him. Dollars make a difference.
The bustle about midnight was oc
casioned by Llnnton and St. John
moving Into the city.
If the Russian ships aim at Sweden
next time they get Into a fight, they
may hit Germany.
lessen I'eak is becoming as badly
torn up as Louvaln and Ypres.
Russ Chamberlain keeps his Job and
all's well that ends well.
In a few days tho fez will be tho
s Portland U bigger than ever today.
Holt's wife was the lucky person:
Holt lasted two long.
Stars and Starmakers
Br Leooe Cm Ilaer.
Because of the movement of British
men singers to the front positions are
reported awaiting American chorus
men In the English capital. London
must be entertained even In time of
war and opera, grand and otherwise,
retain Its perennial attractions and is
ever In demand. Male singers are
scarce In Europe Just now and Amer
ican chorus men need feel no compunc.
tions In accepting Jobs over thero. Not
only have most of the English men
singers enlisted and left their native)
shores, but those) who remain find
themselves unpopular. Some havo even
been hissed and hooted at because they
have not given their services to their
Anyway. Just as long ak the chorus
glrla stay In America, most of us don't
give a hang whether the chorus men
go to Hallux or the North Polo.
Just to show to what extent the
eternal question of suffrage la being
considered In Rtllinss-on-the-Yellow -atone,
one. of the papers display the
To, the eufrrsreMes: Kvrp-lncf adm!ts
that a tjropertv owner should hate a legal
riant to vote, lie a prorty owner. Hat a
real rtvht t. vrte. and make munejr besides.
Kir io to i.V.O earn lots will probably be
sold within a few blurka of the Leaington.
I read a true fable In a metropolitan
exchange the other dny. It seems that
once upon a time, beginning In the or
thodox and prescribed way of all fa
bles, a promine.it Broadway manager
(all Broaosay managers are promi
nent) produced a musical comedy. It
was a regulation musical comedy and
after the manner of all prominent
Erondaav managers, particularly of
musical shows, this one sallied out fre-n
the theater to the lobby at the end of
each act to ascertain the opinion of the
public as reflected In the verbal hints
of his friends and colleagues.
Friend No. 1 thought the. play was a
great "hit." However, ho thought that
the principal comedian's wit was of a
distinctly low order. Otherwlae tho
"show" was great.
Friend No. 2 waa equally enthusiastic.
He was of the opinion that Che come
dian waa "the fi:nnlest ever"; but tio
music h something fierce "Let'
have something on tho Viennese order."
he said. "Yon remember the success of
Tho Merry Widow don't you? WM.
let a havo something like that." Other
wise the "show" waa great.
Friend No. 3: "Wonderful show. -ld
man." conflJed this one. "Kxceller.l
comedian, tuneful music and all that;
but why on earth didn't you get better
alnaer? Never saw such a punk col
lection in my life. Klre the whole
bunch. But outside of that, old chap,
the show Is great.'
Friend No. 4 opined that tho come
dian was very good: music tur.eful.
slnalng One. But the dancing O. ijntA'.
Much Micks. "May. old man. don't put
on any more of those nno antiques with
gennlno Chippendale, leas." But other
wise, he concluded, the show was great.
Friend No. 6: "Kverythlnjr good."
said this one. "comedian, muilr, alnr
Ing and dancing. But what waa the
guy who wrote the hook thinking
about? Simply rotten. That cr.p
Wouldn't write nds for a Third-avenge
tore. Otherwise, between yon and tne.
the show-'a flreat."
Friend No. thought it waa a won
derful performance. Everything to the
good, comedian, the music, alnglnx.
dancing and libretto. "But I tell you. the
fellow who painted your scenery should
attend the art institute for a couplo of
hundred years. Otherwise the show ti
The P. B. M. listened to all t!iey had
to say; listened to them and betan a
season of watchful waiting. The mu
sical comedy turned out to be the blc
gest hit of a season. And the fable
ended as all good fables should, by
pointing a moral. In fact it pointed a
To the critical friend: Opinions aro
good; experience Is better.
To the theatrical producer; -Hearken
not to Irresponsible chatter; watch the
box office receipts.
The last curtain has fallen for two
old timers known In Pacific Coaat vau
deville. John C. Ulce. ono of the part
ners in tlie team of Rice and Coher..
died a short wnilo ago in Phlladephia
and Jack McGreevy. of tho two M.--ttrcevys.
Ikis Just passed away at bin
home In H.aumont. Tex. John C
Kl.es partner waa Ma wife. Sally Co
hen, and their comedy skit have ms.-Ie
laughter for 20 years. Prior to thrlr
association In vaudeville Ulco waa af
ri lulled with William tOld Iloss) Hoey
and Georne W. Monroe In farce Mc
Greevy. with his squeakv fiddle, and
Sally McfJreevy. blowing a dilapidated
horn, hnve umimwi for yenrs with their
inalr.t rural comedy. Thev last vis
ited IVitlund over tho Orphciim cir
cuit about a year ago. McGreevy had
been ailing for years.
I-w Fichis. who visited Portland as
Theodore Hoonevrlt via the Orpheum
Just before It dosed, la rehearsing
"Hands l"p." which Is to be rerlv.-d
and ultimately given a New York hearing-.
Irene Franklin has been added
to the cast-
The baby girl of Irene Franklin and
her husband. Burt Green, has been
named Reno Elizabeth. ,
Natalie Alt. who rnme to the Pa-lflc
Coast aa the prima donna In "The J-n.
ker Girl." la heading tho "Girl Who
Snides" company, now In rehearsal.
Tho production is to he launch' I Au
gust 2 by II. e Times Producing Con
pany. Geortte Baldwin Is In the com
pany; so la Lillian Spencer.
Florence Moore. Isle of tho team of
Moore and Montgomery, has idace.l
herself under contract for a number of
years with Philip Rartliolomae. She
will onen at tho Palace Theater Chi
cago, with 'be V Inter Garden h-M
V.a.d in Amer.cfc." with which ehe in
to be f.L.tvte-1. New York la not to
see r-c unMt January, when h will
be with a musical comdy wr:t:en by
Mr. t-xt tholi.mac.
Florence Moore was In Portland tw-
se.isons tto In "Hanky Panky" with
her rui '.and -partner. Montgotn -.
They'xe hem wed nearly a 'Jo Sen
la-i M.-.cluren sailed from San Fran
cisco for AiitralU on Tuesday. He has
hern engaged by J. f. Williamson. Ltd..
of Australia, for a tour of tho AnCt
ode in h. group of American plavi.. in
cluding "tin Trial" and -Inside, the.
Lln." lonely lie naa been Having
wltn the Granville Barker prcdu t!ni
and prior to that he was In the suipr
of Margaret Anrtin. appearing In
Portland with her In her Shake
Bertha Mann, who was In Portland
aa the loading woman in "Today" und
who baa been for a few months head
ing the stock company at tho lioval
Alexandra Theater. In Toronto. will
leave tho company next month to b---gin
rehearsals for the Sclwyn produc
tion. "Kolling Stones."
I.wmesshwra mm Diplomatic (erss.
BAKKIt. Or.. July 7. (To the Edl-or-
What embassy at Washington
represents the Grand ' Duchy of Lux
emburg and who Is the representative
In Portland? CHARLES BOOHAC.
Tho diplomatic corpts list does not
show Luxemburg aa represented. Frltt
Klrchhoff. German Consul here, ays
there Is no representative of the Grand
Duchy of Luxemburg In this district,
and that so for as he knows, thouch
he Is not positive of this, tho German
Ambassador, Von Bornsturff. Is the
represcnlatlvu at Washington, D. C.
AS TO WAIt'S EFFKCTS . D CI RK
Some Tslssi Aro Aakcd Bealdea Dally
EAGLE CREEK. Or, July 4. (To the ,
Editor.) Noting the belligerent lone
of your editorials for some time. I am
moved to reply. Your criticism of tho
correspondent of a Philadelphia paper
particularly has moved mo to attempt
soma readjustment of your mental ma
chinery. Jack Reed said In his (recount of the
first re a J battle he saw in Mexico that
-nothing waa ao monotonous aa a bat
tle." We do. indeed, wish to know
every day what changes havo taken
placo In the fortunes of tho contending
armies, but wo want the accounts to be
aa concise and brief aa possible. The
summary In Tho Oregontan la excel
But the chaneea which tho British
government I being forced to make in
tho Industrial organisation of that na
tion are of far more Importance and
Interest, cither from the standpoint of
the dullest laborer, who ran ace In them
only tho personal changes It may mako
In tbo condition of other workers, or
that of the. thinker who questions
whether they aro tho beginning of a
new social order.
Moreover, whichever party wins, w
arc face to face with tho necessisty of
building a social structure w l.lch will
mako a repetition of such wara be
tween civilised nations Impossible.
Wo bar a Inherited from a remote,
savace ancestry an Instinct for con
quest. When Industry has made It su
that conquesta Impoverish us. through
the fact of our having crippled the in
dustries of our customers and those w ho
supply us with the necessities of life,
it Is time to amputate our moral ap
pendix and persuade our neighbors to
do likewise. Any moemem. plan or
hope of realising this la news, great
news, and that Is what the Philadelphia
man was asking for. The fanatical
tepalr of ignorant Itussian peasant,
the clear, accurate thinking of Norman
Angel!, tho yearnings of hosts of wom
en, all la news. when, according to a
newspaper phrase. It transpires.
Now. .M r Editor, you ore giving us
mighty little of this from the front. I
do not mean that you shut the column
of your faper to philosophical disqui
sitions on these questions, but what dt
tho Russians think of them, what will
tho Gorman people do? Will England
consent to a world concert, with equal
rights and privileges to all nations In
tho undeveloped countries, and will she
consent to abandon her naval poll-y of
being the "mistress of the seas?"
I know you do not havo tho material
In the shape of newa dlspatchea to ehi
us lo answer to these question, but the
same expenditure of money and brains
would provide It and give at least as
much Insight into the ultimate solu
tion aa the war d. snatches give toward
showing the final outcome of the war.
which la what the man from Philadel
Finally, without meaning so much ai
to suggest that wo- must not be pre
pared to defend ourselves, how ran we
persuade our savage neighbors, who
are determined to expend the resources
of an empire to -west equal opportuni
ty to trade with a bunch of hotlentots
from us. that in tho end. with peace
ful commercial methods, the same na
tion will win aa would have won in
war. and all parties will bo tho cot
tho river of blood, the perishing wom
en and children's tears ahead? How
shall we restrain our commerclnl ban
dits from committing us to tho sum
policy of protecting their hopes of
business monopoly by war "at any
price T We want the news.
CHESTER L. CHAMBERS.
We do not by any means underrate
the Importance of tho Industrial and
social changes which are being wrought
by the war. but tho lone of the Plilla
delphlan'a letter Implies that the writer
thereof would bo bored aa much by
news regarding them as he waa by
news of the dally events of the war. It
Is precisely because of the effect w-hlcn
the war Is having and will havo in the
manner Indicated by our correspondent,
aa well as In other respects, that we
.think tho dally progress of the war
should Interest every thinking person,
t'ndoubtedly the Industrial change
which are being worked out in Britain
ore of Interest and they receive atten
tion In the newspapers. Our correspon
dent will find, on referring to our nlca
though he calls our editorials belliger
ent in tone, that we have not been re
miss In discussing and advocating
means of making war Impossible, bur
that is not what the Philadelphia man
asked for. Utile comes out of any
bell gerent country except Britain on
these aubjecta and little la likely to
come until the people's attention ia
turnwl from nuhtin. press censorships
arc raised and a decisive result hna boen
reached. The Oreyonlan will continue
in the future, as It has yi the past, to
publish all the news It can gat on these
The warring nations are prrauadiug
themselves In the mot effectual way
possible that war la waste and that the
winners lose. I'nles we aro greatly
mistaken they will have become aa
tame a lot of people as waa ever seen
when they finish fighting and they will
present such a spectacle of misery,
bankruptcy and desolation that no
"war at any price" -party. If there be
uch a party, will dare to lift Its head
In th.a country, much less In Europe
era Qwallflca tlwwa la mmt a.
PORTLAND. July T. t To the Ell
tor.) Are the negroes in the Southern
If so. In what states and for what
reason and when were thev disfran
chised? A. P. WRIGHT.
Many necroea aro disfranchised In
Southern Stales by indirect methods.
Louisiana provides that voters must be
able to read and write, or own t3nn
worth of property assessed In their
name, or bo persons whose father or
grandfather waa entitled to vote on
January I. Il. The last qualification
has recently been declared unconstitu
tional by the Cnlted States Supreme
Court. Mississippi has a literary test.
North Carolina has a literacy test and
the. "irrandfsther clause," South Caro
lina has m literacy test and a. 9304
property qualification. Georgia provides
that voters must have paid all their
taxes since 117. Tho object of such
laws la to prevent negro domination In
W rk ww t tasks Railroad.
WAU.A WALLA. Wash.. July S. (To
the Editor.) Kindly inform me If It Is
possible to get any kind of employment
on the Government railway In Alaska.
K. L A.
Government acents have Riven notice
that there ia no demand for labor on
the Alaska railway construction that
canot be filled with men already on the
Satlowallty of f Itssabtaa, j
PORTLAND. July T. iTo the Ed I- ;
tor.) What nationality was Columbus?
Waa he of Jewish descent M. K.
Columbus was an Italian. Although
there la a vague Intimation In history
that he may have been of Jewish de
scent, there I slight evidence to sup
port the peculation.
The Hattle'a Tress
"Marriage la said to be a contract."
"Ye, and It Is about the only con
tract wherein both parties can set uti
strong claims to getting the wo rat of
Half a Century Ago
From The Ornonnn. July 8. IsCi.
Tho New Bedford t Massachusetts)
Standard Blves us the Ir.f ornialion that
tho manager of the late Southern Con
federacy, to Imbue tbo riMi:g Confed
erate generation's with a ene of tho
nationality und lmpottar.ee of the Con
federacy, took great pain, und one of
the f.rt steps was te preparing of
school books. One of thrse series 1
called tho "Palmetto Scri"-," I'rlnc a
geography for beginners by t!ie Rev.
K. J. Stuart. The bock purports to bo
publlshej In Richmono ana in tne n i -visions
of countries nn.l races na s.
among other things, that Ann ma i
divided as follow: The Oonf eilers ! e
Sti.tr-.. the I'nlted States, etc.. -.c. In
the list of important cities cf the -ilcl.e
Richmond is placed next to I-andon ard
Paris. There Is much other Ihteri .-: in-;.
If hardly accurate, lore in the set ir.
Prcf-id-nl Johnson has initiated ii-.anv
pithy and memorable j)lni.-. w hi. h
seetn to strike the kevtiote of the pop
ular feeling. The President uttered
another one to a reiei.t leathering ef
l'enn- Ivant.int wl.o vi-itcd him on
Frld.iv. in the co'.it- of h:s tenia? k
to their Mokenafi. Ju-itfc Lewi.
Johnson Mill: "Mercy la. I., en -.lain.
'-t Us now t-iUe are tht Justice Is
not sialu -I'ltf."
To bu.td a railroad Ihtmtli the w hole
leneth t.f ureeon an. I f-ir into Ci'-.for-r.la
Is a t upemlou-. undertaking hut It
I very certain lo be performed Orfson
Is not rich rmuich to carry the enter
prise through alone. n-1 for that re.i-.on
cnpital muM come from elsewhere. It
will devolve on us w 1 o want this rail
road to rhow them w l.n m.;y o -Imposed
to aid In building It. I ! s I it l
an investment for tnoe-.-v ti-.at will
prove remunerative. Whenever it can
b -.hown that the hu-mej. of the state
will justify the expenditure, then tho
work will .e n-irt..! The SMitMnaii.
down the Valley, eem t- Ihlnk Port
land 1 ,,ppoi-er to the bul'.li.-.e of this,
roa.t. on tlie g roi-p I that it ml-: lit be
a dr: r mien t to Port'-ind Th.-l lew i
wronir Portland is willing to t ike it
chances. Build tho ro.-id und let u s--e
what places flouri-h in. .el an. I attain
the no.l importance
Mastet John W. Poll mm. of Walls
V:la. bss gone f r in that p. see to the
I'nlted Sllr MliiMrv Ac.Klemv at
Wetf. Point. He was appointed thrtMisii
Mr. Cole, late P.-licil to Congre.-s.
fiom Wahihgton Territory.
J. t". I-eonard has recently hi rived in
this citv and propose to open rooms
for the teaching of pen pi.m 1. ; p. book
keeping and drawing.
The pr'nters are cider obi-gallon to
Ceoree .1 M. Kath- h for a supply of
pure, cold ice. It U re f re.-h I n in hot
w eather. Geoi g has some of n for s'e.
S-nator N'ea-r-tth. Secretary Mo- and
Judse Stratton are at tie-ent -.topping
in the city. B. F. 1 'on el. K-n.. of the
Ore-ton Sentinel. I heie aUo.
Twenty-Five Years Agt
FrMi! The Orrtnniin. July . 1 f'V
Baton Rouse. La. loun-.-.n.-i's brave
Governor couhl not be bribed. Ho re
turned to the Hotie ester. I iy. the lot
tery bill w-ilhoiit bis. npproxal. Th"
Governor In his veto tne-a read a
scailnnir rebuke to the niaruo of the
R. S. Pngiic. of the I'nlted States
Signal St ice. ha, just Issued his crop
bulletin In which he sas that from
observations made the crops will be,
bountiful In this section again. The
hot weather has done very little dam
age. On account of the extra tr parationa
necesaary it will be lnilioa--tble to pre
sent the attractive opera. "Girofle
Girofja." until th evrnlnc of July 1".
at Do Shetley's faino. At tho Mar
quam last nlcl t May Irwin aaatn cap
tivated the house in "The City Direc
tory." At Cor.lray'a Theater Theodore
Roberta did a most artistic piece of
work In tho strong drama of Russian
life. "Tho Romanoffs."
W. J. Mulkey, who was elected to the
I-eglslature from Gilliam Ootirty. has
moved his family back to old Polk and
this will bo their future home.
The latest Issue of Truth In !.on.lon
contains bitter complaint about the
way in which Americans ate taken up
by the Prince of Wales In exclusion of
Knulish lad:e. Tl-I. is only a rejec
tion of what I everywhere being said,
t'nder whatever lnem!vc. tho femi
nine toileta reach unheard of luxury
and costlines this ye..r. N-i:ral flow
er have given way to flowers niTde of
rare Jew els.
At the close .f the InstaCsflon of new
officer of Ianhoe lorlce. No. 11.
Knicht of Pythla. last night retiring
Chancellor Georco River was present
ed w-th a handsiinie gold chain and K.
of p. charm.
Joe Isy. the Portland deteetlvo who
went to New berg. New Yoi k. some two
weeks aco to brine back t'oiuractor
f"oyle. the absconding debtor, la havtnir
no end of trouble with hi man. Pav
got to Newberg all rli:ht an.l secured
paper to bring hi man back, but
to le, who had some ir.i.oi. presuinab'y
laken from I is victim out here, se
cured some aecomm.wla t inir lawyets
who soon found flaw In the p -e r .
The matter ha gone before the Su
preme Court there anl I'oyle may
wrlsule out of arrest.
KKH oKK AMI FirT. FIT
aether Way lo Mrt Fire llfi Oil
P iRTLANP. July T.--tTe the Edi
tor.) Having read Mr. Wehst.r letter
on a safe way to stait tire with kero
sene I would like to mention another
safe way tl'at will do aw-ay with the
possibility of uny one trtng to icoir
a little keiosepe in the allies la the
hearth of the stove.
As to his su nest Ion. If some people,
would get out c f their supply of truly .
mixed ashe In their csn. many of
them w-tiuld be templed to pour a little
kerosene In the ashes In the ash box or
hearth of the sloe. which would be
very apt to caua trouble, if the ashe
were xcry warm.
A very safe wav to Ilchl fires bv
the use of kerosene la to take a plee-e
of romruin building brick about thre'e
Inches long and about I i-s inches
quare. twist a piece of wire around It.
leavinc wire about eieM or nine Inches
lonir to form a handle; then take a
quart tin of some kind, such as a
tomato can. put enouch keroviic In
to cover the piece of hrlrk. let brlrk
slay in can. when not In use. Whe-n
lighting fires. Iicht the bri. k and put In
hearth or acalnst grate bars, and yon
hae a perfectly safe way of lighting
fire wlih kerosene. 11. .1. WAliU
Sail vVith the Wind,
If on know aeihine about a
boat ou know it Is easier to mako
procress sailing with the wind thsn
In tacking against It.
In yo.ir own case. Mr. Retailer. It
means moving with popular demand.
If the manufacturei advertise
their good in tl Is newspaper It
If on show these newspaper ad
vertised goods and give them to the
public when It ask for them you
are aar.lng with tho win.!.
And the port of our oe Is tho
Port of Profit.