Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 17, 1915)
VOL. LV.-XO. 17,024.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TTTTTRSDAY. JUNE 17, 1915.
PRICE TIVE CENTS.
TO BE INVESTIGATED
Reported Hoax Stirs
DISAVOWAL IS TO BE SOUGHT
Time to Be Given Bernstorff
for Voluntary Action.
DISCOURTESY IS INVOLVED
Diplomats of Allies Consider Slak
ing Restrictions on Travel More
Strict If It Is Proved "Spy"
" "WASHINGTON. June 16. (Special.)
Publication of the story that Dr. Meyer
Gerhard, Red Crass lecturer and aleo
special emissary of the German Am
bassador, and Dr. A. Meyer, of the Ger
man "War Office, were the same man
created a sensation here today.
Measures were taken by the State De
partment at once to obtain ,frora Count
von Bernstorff, the German Ambassa
dor, a disavowal of the story.
Pending- this, no other action will be
taken, as it is the Intention of the Sec
retary of State to give the German Am
bassador an opportunity first to clear
himself of what, if true, is regarded
the most flagrant breach of diplomatic
etiquette that has been committed here
for many a day.
Von Bernstorff Is Absent.
The one man, however, who could
clear up the whole situation was miss
ing from his accustomed haunts. This
was Count von Bernstorff, and all ef
forts to find him at the embassy, or
to find out where he had gone, proved
unavailing. Employes at the embassy
said he was in the country, probably in
Virginia, and they knew nothing about
when he would return.
Reasonable time will be given to
Count von Bernstorff to disavow the
statement that Red Croes lecturer and
the War Office agent were the same
man. If he fails to produce this ex
planation, the story will be called to
the German Ambassador's attention.
"What the next step will be no one in
authority would say, but It is not im
probable that If the state is not dis
proved Count von Bernstorff's useful
ness in this country will come to a
Allies' Diplomats Deeply- Interested.
Diplomats of the allies were intensely
Interested in the publication of the ac
count of the reported Meyer-Gerhard
hoax on the State Department. The
view was generally taken that the
United States Government, by its as
surances to the embassies of allies, had
obtained what practically amounted to
a safe conduct, though none was given
officially, for a German spy.
A conference was held by several
diplomats representing the governments
of the allies today, at which the pub
lished accounts were considered care
fully. The view that the man known
as Meyer and Gerhard were the same
man was strengthened later in the day
toy a telegram from New York contain
ing a statement from the steamship
company that "Gerhard" had sailed
Restrictions May Be Tightened.
Unless the Meyer-Gerhard tangle is
straightened out to the satisfaction of
the representatives of the allies here.
It was said tonight at one of the em
bassies that no further attention will
be paid to any guarantees of innocence
on the part of travelers or to requests
for safe conducts by the Government
of the United States.
No hint is given that any wrong was
done by Secretary Bryan or by anyone
else in the employ of the United States
Government in the Meyer-Gerhard
matter, but the view is taken that if
the State Department was "hoaxed"
into permitting a German spy to ob
tain safe passage to Germany, the rep
resentatives of the allies in the future
will not be justified in placing confi
dence in any representations or re
quests of this kind which the United
States may make.
COXTKACT S1GXED "A. MEYER"
Mr. Metz Told Plan Was to Buy
American Rifles and Bury Tliem.
NEW YORK, June 16. Herman A.
Metz. ex-Representative in Congress
from New York, mentioned in pub
lished stories as having been ap
proached by Mrs. Selma Lewis for as
sistance in negotiating the purchase
from the Government of 350,009 old
etyle Krag-Jorgensen rifles in Govern
ment arsenals, said today that Instead
of seeing Secretary Bryan about the
purchase of rifles he declined to have
anything to do with the matter.
"Early In the Spring Mrs.' Lewis
came to me." he said, "and told me that
she had information that the discarded
Titles could be bought. She said that
Dr. Alfred Meyer would buy them and
that they would be buried to keep them
from falling into the hands of the al
lies. She then showed me a typewrit
ten document which she said was a
contract for the purchase of the rifles,
signed by Dr. A. Meyer.
"Mrs. Lewis wanted me to introduce
Dr. Meyer to Mr. Bryan. I told -her
Count Bernstorff was the man to do
that if Meyer was what he represented
himself to be and to this she answered
Concluded oa Page 3, Column 2.)
CARGO IS GUARDED
BIG SHIPMENT FROM SAX KRAX
CISCO IS MYSTERY.
Black Powder, Benzine and Dyna
mite Loaded In Bay, With Precau
tions Against Damage to City.
SAN FRANCISCO. June 16. (Spe
cial.) Out in the stream off the water
front today the Union Steamship Com
pany's steamer Waiheno is taking on
the largest cargo of black powder that
ever has left this port.
"Whom the powder Is for is a secret,
and who is shipping It Is also, a mys
tery, the solution of which the agents
here profess not to know.
That the powder 217 tons was
manufactured by the Hercules plant at
Hercules on the bay shore, and will
go to Sydney, Australia, is no secret.
The cargo also includes 401,900 gal
lons of highly inflammable oils, such
as benzine, kerosene and gasoline, and
five tons of dynamite.
There was speculation on the water
front as to what the powder is for.
Predictions were made that eventually
it would reach England and be used
in the war.
The only previous shipments of pow
der from here that have in any way
approximated the size of this shipment
were some made by the United States
Government for the building of the
Panama Canal. . s
To avoid possible attack or damage
to the city, similar to that caused by
an explosion on the bay at Seattle re
cently, extreme precautions are being
J taken to safeguard the ship. The
Waiheno was not permitted to take on
the cargo of explosives at the wharf.
The powder is being loaded from
barges aboard the ship.
METAL HELMETS ADOPTED
French to Wear Headgear Giving
Protection. Against Missiles.
PARIS, June 16. French soldiers In
the field soon are to begin wearing
light steel helmets suggesting in their
design the antique headpieces of men at
arms. In color they will be a. gray
blue, harmonizing with the'service uni
forms which French soldiers have been
wearing for several months.
The Ministry of War has adopted a
design for this helmet after a pro
longed examination of various types.
The new helmet will afford considera
ble protection- to the head from frag
ments of shell and rifle bullets travel
ing with lessened velocity. The cus
tomary cap will be' retained for service
behind the front.
HOMEOPATHY ON EQUALITY
University of California Absorbs
Hahnemann Medical College.
SAN FRANCISCO. June 16. Es
tablishment of homeopathy in the Uni
versity of California, on an equality
with the allopathic school, was an
nounced today at the 39th session of
the California State Homeopathic Medi
cal Society by Dr. James W. Ward,
dean of the Hahnemann Medical Col
lege of the Pacific The introduction
of homeopathy Into the California cur
rlculura was accomplished by the
absorption of the Hahnemann College.
Dr. Ward said this was the first time
homeopathy had been granted equality
with the old school in state universi
ties, although place has been given it
in five of them.
MASONS AID WAR VICTIMS
Greatest X,eed, However, Predicted
After Peace lias Been Made.
CINCINNATI, June 16. The Masonic
War Relief Association of the United
States In a report issued today an
nounces that $55,852 has been collected
from grand lodges. commanderies,
chapters, temples and Scottish rite
bodies for the relief of Masons in the
Of this amount $13,000 has been
distributed among the proper Masonic
bodies in England, Ireland, Scotland.
Germany, Luxemburg, Switzerland and
Belgium. The report adds:
"It Is apparent that the greatest
need for relief. will be when the war
BIG CASES NEAR DECISION
Trust Suits and Oregon Minimum
Wage Cases May Be Settled Soon.
WASHINGTON, Juno 16. Only 30
cases remain to be decided by the Su
preme Court at the present term, and
should allof these be disposed of next
Monday, the final decision day of the
year, a new record in the disposition of
work will have been accomplished.
Cases pending for decision include
the so-called "grandfather clause"
cases, the International Harvester Com
pany dissolution suit; the Delaware.
Lackawanna & Western coal "trust"
suit; the Oregon minimum wage case
and the Webb-Kenyon liquor cases.
ZEPPELIN IS GRAVELY ILL
Count Unable to Keep Appointment
at Imperial Headquarters.
LONDON. June 16. The Exchange
Telegraph Company has received a dis
patch from its Amsterdam correspond
ent, who says a message has been re
ceived in Amsterdam from Berlin giv
ing the information that Count Zeppe
lin, inventor of the famous dirigible
balloon, is seriously ill with bronchitis
and confined to his bed at Stuttgart.
The Count has not been able to keep
an appointment to visit Imperial headquarters.
SCENE FROFi DURBAR
ENACTED IfJ FRANCE
King Albert Reviews
., Indfan Troops.
EASTERN SPORTS ROLE DAY
Dusky Survivors of Trenches
Proud of Horsemanship. .
BATTLE NOT FAR AWAY
Belgian Monarch Takes Bay Off and
Peasants Flock to See Him and
Strange Fighting Men From
Corner of Big Empire.
BY FREDERICK PALMER.
Correspondent of thet Associated Press at
the front in France.
BRITISH HEADQUARTERS IN
FRANCE, June 16. King Albert, of the
Belgians, who has not had many aft
ernoons off during
ing the last 11
months, took one
off to see a show
a gymkana. ' He
has stuck so close
to his job in what'
remains of his
kingdom as has
many a desk-ridden
man who cannot be
induced to go to
the mountains or
to the sashore.
, Whether living
in their own
houses or refu-
Frederfcit Palmer gees' whose houses
in the fighting zone have ' been de
molished by shells, the French people
in the rear of the British front have
not had many afternoons off either.
The women, the old, the crippled and
every child who could hold a hoe, had
taken the place of the able-bodied men
away at war. With the crops all in
and the wheat ripening, word came
that strange picturesque mortals from
somewhere beyond the Arabian nights
country,' known as the British Indian
troops, who had been refrigerating
through a raw Flanders Winter In
French barns and outbuildings, were
going to give an exhibition of horse
manship. Heroic Kins la Part of Shan.
Everybody was invited and there
was no admission fee. It was like a
free Wild West show on the outskirts
of a New England village, with a
chance to see a heroic king, and wheth
er he was really as tall as the people
The scene was on a small plateau,
hardened by the hoofs of the cavalry
drill, the one place in Northern
France which the industry of those
too weak to fight had not made green
with cultivation. Across the sweep of
fields and groves which hid the
trenches and batteries along the Brit
ish front was an almost unbroken si-
-Conllnued on Page 2, Column l.
i ii i -i.... . ... .tii
xZOvW , X JSa. MAMMA! (WA AU
I " yA-a
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
lESTERDAT'S " Maximum temperature,
66.0 degrees; minimum, 4.7 degrees.
TODAY'S Probably fair, westerly winds.
Frederick Palmer describes day of Indian
sports within sound of -suns in Northern
France. Page 1.
British renew spirited offensive in Flanders
and France. Page 3.
Dr. Meyer-Gerhard qqoted in Norway as say
ing Germany and America will reach
peaceful settlement. Page 3.
Washington to Investigate report it. was
hoaxed into Intiorsement of German of
ficer in munitions department. Page .1.
More than 1H0.OOO Russians captured since
June 1. Page 3.
Carranza rejects overtures ror peace. Page 1.
Leo Frank makes last appeal for life before
Georgia Governor. - Page C
Trade commission Is askjed to sanction ex
port combination of Northwest lumber
men. Page -.
Critic of Oregon building learns something of
history ot art. Page 1.
Chicago streetcar strike ends. Page 1.
Taf t outlines plan for. armed league to pre
vent war. Page 2.
Big cargo of explosives closely guarded In
San Francisco. Page 1.
Pacific Coast League results: Portland S.
Oakland Salt Lake 7, Venice 3; San
Francisco 8. Los Angeles 4. Page 16.
Braves for first time this year beat Cubs.
Multnomah may play University of Califor
nia at football. Pa 17.
Russell Smith defeats boy phenomenon In
state golf tourney. Page 16.
Pacific Northwest. .
State Engineer ignores resolution of High
way Commission. ' Page 7.
Class of 123 teachers graduated at Oregon
Normal School. Page 6.
Agricultural College cadets honored with
staff places. Page 6. -
President Campbell calls for private dona
tions for support of State University.
Commercial and Marine.
Prospect for larger prune crops and mar
ket weakens. Page 17.
Wheat sharply higher at Chicago, owing to
harvest delay. Page 17.
Stocks turn strong at close after Irregular
session. Page 17.
Northern pacific due here today for repairs.
Portland and Vicinity.
Mayor is not expected to shift Commission
ers. Page 18.
James A. Frear. Wisconsin Representative,
critises pork-barrel methods. Page 12.
Many babies arriving at zoo make Increased
activity. Page 12.
Dr. E. A. Sommer and S. P. Lockwood. can
didates for School Director, begin cam
paign. Page 12.
Association of Western Short Railway
Lines ask regulation of auto competitors.
Three old friends of Associated Charities
enrolled again. Page y.
Man hammers family and tries suicide;
child may die. Page 9.
Senator Oliver, of Pennsylvania, Portland
visitor. Page 7.
Oregon Grand Lodge of- Masons shows in
crease of 1001) members in year. Page 11.
Contracts for paving of eounty highways to
be let today. Pago .
H. A. Dimmer Is new aspirant for State
Game Warden. Pace 11.
Theodore Kruse files petition in bankruptcy
with debt of S7,O0 against Kallbow
Wither, report, data ud forecast. - Page 7.
KARLSRUHE DAMAGE HEAVY
Rotterdam Dispatch Says 2 00 Were
Killed and Factories Destroyed.
LONDON. June 17. A Rotterdam dis
patch to the Exchange Telegraph Com
pany reports that the damage done at
Karlsruhe by the air raid of the French
squadron of aeroplanes was much
greater than the papers were allowed
"Two hundred persons were killed."
says the correspondent. "Fifty bombs
were dropped, one of them almost de
stroying one of the ducal palaces used
as headquarters by the Karlsruhe com
mandant. Others destroyed factories
engaged In making shells. A great
panic was caused and the victims will
be buried secretly at night."
OH, COLUMBIA, THE HOME OF THE MOLLYCODDLE!
M S : v Or
.imn,. f . A ( f a 111
Offer Through Ameri
can Gorfsul Ignored.
THREE PROPOSALS ARE MADE
Villa-Zapata Faction Shows
Willingness to Act.
PERSONAL TELEGRAM SENT
Convention Delegation Asking Gen
eral Gonzales for Armistice Is
Met With Demand for Sur
render of Capital.
WASHINGTON, June 16. General
Carranza has declined, for the present
at least, to accept overtures for peace
in Mexico by the Villa-Zapata faction.
Three such offers have gone unan
swered. The latest, it became known today,
was transmitted through the medium
of the United States without comment.
A few days ago the convention as
sembled in Mexico City, over which
Francisco Lagos Chazaro presided, for
mally presented to the Brazilian Min
ister, as the representative of the
American Government, for transmis
sion to General Carranza through dip
lomatic channels,- a proposal for a 30
day armistice, during which arrange
ments could be made for establishing
a provisional government.
No Reply Carransa Says.
It was suggested that both sides
should maintain a military status quo
and that the armistice be extended
from time to time while the parleys
continued. The plan included the hold
ing, of a popular election to be super
vised by the factions in control of vari
ous sections of the country.
The proposal was communicated to
General Carranza by American Consul
Silliman. On inquiry as to whether
there would be any reply. General Cavr
ranza is understood merely to have said
there would be none.
Since last Monday Carranza has had
a personal telegram from General Villa
urging a conference of their represen
tatives for a, discussion of peace terms.
It is known here, too, that a delegation
from the convention at Mexico City
met General Pablo Gonzalez, the Car
ranza commander, near the capital and
asked for the arrangement of an armi
stice and that he demanded, in reply,
the unconditional surrender of the city.
Military- Campaign to Continue.
The . Villa-Zapata followers assert
that these efforts demonstrate their
willingness to heed the- suggestion In
President Wilson's recent statement
that the factions in Mexico settle their
General Carranza's intention for the
present is understood to be to press
(Concluded on Page 2-, Column 3.)
f?lSE MY BOY I
TO 8 A
SOLDIEFZ " J
MO-thER S BOY
I DO THE lAOUrf I
v - - -
ART CRITIC LEARNS
ART FROM OREGON
COLONEL WOOD REPLIES TO
STRICTURES OX BUILDIXG.
Xeuhaus Is Informed at Fair That
Parthenon Was Designed From
EXPOSITION GROUNDS. San Fran
cisco, June 16 In an address on art
last night at the Oregon - building.
Colonel C. E. S. Wood took up the
cudgels for Oregon's great rustic struc
ture which has been adversely criti
cised by the art critic, Neuhaus, In his
public lectures at the exposition and
in his book on the exposition sculp
ture. Notable artists present warmly
applauded Colonel Wood, who said In
"Why, a book was shown me a few
moments ago which gives principles
and rules by which you shall admire
this exposition, and it says this par
ticular building Is faulty because it
imitates the Parthenon of Greece iu
dark and crude logs; because it sits
on. a plane when the Parthenon was
erected on the eminence of the Acro
polis; that the Parthenon was designed
for stone and not for wood, and so you
are told that this building is inartistic.
"I say that no one can look at it and
see the magnificent columns which sur
round it, see its wonderful proportions
in a certain greater grandeur and not
know it is no imitation of the Parthe
non, but in a pleasing and grand way
is intended to say to the world, "Ore
gon holds one-fourth of all the timber
of the United States.' I say that if you
saw this dark temples away from its
surroundings and iYi the great avenues
of an 'Oregon forest you would under
stand that this, too, is beauty.
"Now it is said that the Parthenon
was devised' for stone structure. It
is exactly what it was not devised for.
The early Greek temples were of
wooden structure. Their columns were
exactly what these columns are at
the trunks of trees. The temples in
Greece were exactly as these are, made
'of wood, and when the greater genus
took tne marble and went on the emi
nence it -carried with It all the reli
gious traditions of the early temples
built of timber, and by that genius of
art, which defied all rules of construc
tion, it made from white marble the
most beautiful temple of the world,
modeled from a wooden ancestor."
BARTENDERS STAY IN FOLD
Culinary Workers Full In Effort to
- -. Split Union. ....
SAN FRANCISCO, June 16. "Segregation-
of bartenders from culinary
workers was voted down, 139 to 35, it
was announced today at a session of
the Hotel and Restaurant Employes'
International Alliance and Bartenders'
International League of America, meet
ing in its 18th biennial convention here.
Action came when resolutions were in
troduced paving, the way for the con
sideration of the question.
It was said by those favoring a di
vision of the two classes of workers
that the funds were spent to fight
prohibition for the benefit of the bar
tenders to the detriment of culinary
KAISER TO DECIDE FATE
Death Sentences in Belgium Must
Receive Imperial Sanction.
AMSTERDAM, via London. June 16.
Every sentence of death by a court
martial In Belgium must hereafter be
indorsed by Emperor William before
the prisoners are ' executed, according
to a telegram received today by the
Tyd from its correspondent at Maas
tricht. The writer of the dispatch intimates
that Emperor William telegraphed
these instructions on learning that
eight citizens of Liege had been execut
ed for alleged espionage, and that 20
others were in prison charged with the
OREGON BATTERY IN CAMP
Artillerymen to Spend Ten Days in
Maneuvers and Target Practice.
MONTEREY, Cal., June 16. (Spe
cial.) Battery A, Oregon Field Artil
lery, arrived here today by special train
from Portland and went into camp at
The Oregon battery men arrived
without mishap on their long- trip and
will spend 10 days at maneuvers and
target-practice with the Sixth Artil
lery. BEET SUGAR CROP LARGE
Department forecast Indicates In
creased Acreage and Yield.
WASHINGTON, June 16. This year's
sugar beet crop in the United States
promises to be a large one. The De
partment of Agriculture today in its
forecast, based on June 1 condition
figures, places the yield at 6,290.000
The area planted is 659,300 acres,
144,700 more than planted last year.
KAISER GETS PEACE ADVICE
Personal Friend Suggests Mainte
nance of Relations With America.
COPENHAGEN, via London, June 16.
Albert Balfin, director-reneral of, the
Hamburg-American Steanship Com
pany, has suggested to 'the Emperor
of Germany the advisability of main
taining peace with the United States.
Mr. Ballin is a close personal friend
of the Emperor.
STRIKE IS ENDED
face Cars Appearing.
MAYOR BRINGS ABOUT PEACE
Faction Heads Locked Up and
Key Thrown Away.
ARBITRATION IS DECIDED
Executive of City Is Third and Xcu
tral Man at AH-Xight Confer
ence Between Officials of
Company and Union.
ISSCES CONCEDED A1'T PEND
I.Q IN CHICAGO CAIl
The companies conceded three
points in advance of arbitration:
1. Trippers that is, men who
have one run In the morning rush
and another at night to be
eliminated, thus giving every
trainman a regular job.
2. Runs on surface lines not to
consume more than nine hours'
actual working time.
3. Wages shall not be revised
This leaves for arbitration the
1. Scale of wages. .
2. Period of service before
maximum wage i. received.
3. Time in which a day's runs
on the elevated are to be com
pleted. 4. Adjustment of straight and
swing runs on the elevated to
eliminate so far as possible waits
by employes between trains.
- CHICAGO, June 16.--Normal scr-ric
on Chicago elevated and surface car
lines was resumed today after an all
night session of railway and labor rep
resentatives and a council committee
headed by Mayor Thompson had agreed
The eleyated lines resumed service
soon, after the announcement of the
agreemnet, but it was several hours be
fore anything like a normal schedule
was in operation.
Crowds Cheer Can.
On the surface lines the first cars to
appear downtown reached the loop
about 11 o'clock. They attracted great
crowds and were cheered enthusiasti
cally. Thereafter there was a gradual
increase in the number, but it was not
until the rush hours of the evening
that the surface lines were in full oper
ation. The formal agreement between the
companies and the unions was not
signed until noon, although the order
had gone out to the 14,500 employes to
return to work several hours before.
Mayor Thompson Is credited with
bringing about the agreement and was
chosen third or neutral arbiter.
Arbiter to Meet Saturday.
The arbiters representing the men
and the companies will be chosen by
the respective interests before Satur
day, on which day the first meeting of
the three arbiters is to be held.
The strike was remarkable in that
no violence was traced to a' striker,
that, no arrests were necessary, for
the good humor with which the pub
lic accepted it.
Officials of the companies will se
lect an arbitrator by Saturday, it was
announced. W. D. Mahon, international
president of the Streetcar Mer's Union,
probably will be named to represent
Mayor Locks Men Is.
Union leaders, officials of the traction
lines and members of the Mayor's Al
dermanic Strike Committee were in
attendance at the 15-hour conference.
Threatened breakups were frustrated,
after both labor leaders and traction
officials announced they could reach no
agreement, when Mayor Thompson in
vited the conferees to take oft their
coats. The Mayor then locked the doors
of his office. He told the men that ho
would keep them there until a solution
of the situation was reached.
The Mayor took a gold horseshoe
from his desk .and hung its over his
"That was given to me for good
luck," he said, "so I'm going to wish
that It will bring good luck to thi3
Arbitration Law In Likely.
Arbitration amendments to existing
traction ordinances are to be written
into the law to prevent the repetition
of the tie-up that has slo.wed up the in
dustries of Chicago for the last two
It alsc had been proposed to insert in
the new contract to be made by the ele
vated and surface lines with their em
ployes a clause that will provide for
submission of any future wage dispute
to a disinterested body.
The central idea is to provide a fixed
plan of mediation that will be included
in the contract as the wage schedule
and working conditions to be made
after the expiration of the agreement
to be written by the mediators in the
Business men, as well as Aldermen,
are agreed that definite steps should
(.Concluded on Page o. Column i.i