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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 10, 1915)
THE MORNING OREGOXIAX. THURSDAY, JUNE 10, 1915.
BHYJUt AND WILSON
DIFFER ON 2 POINTS
11 P. M.
at 11 A. M.
Leads in Photo Plays
Arbitration Offer and Proposal
to Warn Americans Are
Largest and Grandest Theater On the Pacific Coast
A Great New Show!
STATEMENT IS GIVEN OUT
ITreatj- Which Germany Accepted In
Principle Cited Citizen, Saye
Secretary, Should Avoid
, Danger When Possible.
"WASHINGTON, June . Secretary
Bryan's promised statement, supple
menting his letter of resignation and
elaborating his reasons for leaving the
Cabinet, was given out today as soon
as he was informed tVmf the note to
Germany had been dispatched. It was
this hour that the Secreta"-v had desig
nated as terminating his official con
nection with the Government.
Mr. Bryan says that he and the
President differed as to the ii'iestlon
to Germany that the subject be Inves
tigated by an International tribunal
and as to warning Americans against
traveling on belligerent vessels or with
cargoes of ammunition. He says the
advice given to Americans to leave
aiexico. in his opinion, is applicable to
the present situation.
Tut Points of Difference Exist.
The text of Mr. Bryan's statement
"My reason for resigning is clearly
stated in my letter of resignation,
namely, that I may employ as a priisate
citizen the means which the President
does not feel at liberty to employ. I
Honor him lor doing wimi no oeinvt.
to be right, and I a in sure that he de
sires, as I do, to find a peaceful solu
tion of the problem which has been
created by the action of the submarines.
"Two of the points on which wedif
fer, each conscientiously-In his convic
"First,' as to the suggestion of In
vestigation by an international com
"Second, as to warning Americans
against traveling on belligerent vessels,
or with cargoes of ammunition.
"I believe that this Nation should
frankly state to Germany that we are
willing to apply In this case the prin
ciple which we are bound by treaty to
apply to disputes between the United
states and 30 countries with which we
have made treaties providing for in
vestigation of all disputes of every
character and nature.
"These treaties, negotiated under this
Administration make war practically
Impossible with 30 governments, repre
senting three-fourths of the people of
Treaties M 1th Allies Cited.
"Among the nations with which we
liave these treaties are Great Britain.
X ranee and Russia. No matter what
disputes may arise between us and
these treaty nations, we agree that
there shall be no declaration of war and
no commencement of hostilities. The
matters in dispute have been investi
gated by an international commission,
and a year's time Is allowed for inves
tigation and report. This plan was of
fered to all the nations without any
exceptions whatever and Germany was
one of the nations that accepted the
principle, being the twelfth, I think, to
accept. No treaty was actually en
tered into with Germany, but I cannot
see that that should stand in the way,
when both nations indorsed the princi
ple. I do not know whether Germany
would accept the offer, but our country
should, in my judgment, make the offer.
"Such an offer. If accepted, would at
once relieve the tension and silence all
the jingoes who are demanding war.
Germany has always been a friendly
nation and a great many of our people
are of German ancestry. Why should
we not deal with Germany according
to this plan to which the Nation has
pledged its support?
"The second point of difference is as
to the course which should be pur
sued in regard to Americans traveling
on belligerent ships with cargoes of
Citizens Told to Limit Travels.
"Why should an American citizen be
permitted to involve his country in
war by traveling upon a belligerent
hhip when he knows that the ship will
pass through a danger zone? The
question is not whether an American
citizen has a right under international
Jaw to travel on a belligerent ship;
the question is whether he ought not,
out of consideration for his country,
If not for his own safety, avoid danger
when avoidance is possible.
"It is a very one-sided citizenship
that compels a government to go to
war over a citizen's rights and yet
relieves the citizen of all obligations
to consider his nation's welfare. I
do not know just how far the Presi
dent can legally go in actually pre
venting Americans from traveling on
belligerent ships, but I believe the
Government should go as far as it can,
and that in case of doubt it should
give the benefit of the doubt to the
"But even if the Government could
not legally prevent citizens from
traveling on belligerent ships, it could,
and in my judgment should, earnestly
advise. American citizens not to risk
themselves or the peace of their coun
try, and I have no doubt that these
warnings would be heeded.
"President Taft advised Americans
to leave Mexico when insurrection
broke out there, and President Wilson
has repeated the advice. This advice,
in my judgment, was eminently wise.
and I think the same course should be
followed in warning Americans to keep
ore vessels su eject to attack.
"I think, too, that American pas
senger ships should be prohibited from
: carrying ammunition. The lives of pas
sengers ought not to be endangered
by cargoes of ammunition, whether
that danger comes from possible ex
, plosions within or from possible at-
lacKs irom without.
Second Remedy 'ot Kxclndeel.
"Passengers and ammunition should
not travel together. The attempt to
, prevent American citizens from incur
i ring these risks is entirely consistent
' with the effort which our Government
Js making to prevent attacks from
"The use of one remedy does not
, exclude the United States from the
other. The most familiar illustration
is to be found in the action taken by
municipal auutonties ourlng a riot.
TUe President does not feel lustl
fled in taking the action above stated.
I hat Is. he does not feel justified, tirst
i In suggesting the submission of the
controversy to investigation, or second
in warning people not to incur the
extra Hazards In traveling on bellig
erent ships or on ships carrying am
munition. And he may be right in the
position he has taken, but as a private
citizen I am free to urge both of
these propositions and to call public
attention to these remedies in the hope
of securing such an expression of publio
sentiment as win support the PresI
dent in employing these remedies. If
in the future he finds It consistent
with his sense of duty to favor them."
I ON HIS WAY. I
! . J
EVENT IS EPOCHAL
British Editors Comment
WILSON'S POLICY PRAISED
Outcome Regarded as Good Augury
for Allies, and -as Indicating
United States Will Protect
Uvea - of . Citizens.
LONDON, June 9. Secretary Bryan's
retirement from President Wilson's
Cabinet has created, unusual Interest
and discussion in newspaper and politi
cal circles. The press takes the view
generally that the event is one of great
moment. Opinion seems to be mat toe
news augurs well far the allies.
The Evening Star calls Mr. Bryan s
resignation "one of the most decisive
events in the world conflict," and adds:
'Coming after the heroic decision of
Italy to draw her sword in defense of
liberty and the public law of Europe,
it is a death blow to the Germanic
powers. It means that America has
crossed the Rubicon. It means that
the greatest democracy on ,earth has
resolved to be true to Itself and to Its
Ideals. It means that Germany will be
held to a strict acountability for her
violation of human sanctity. It means
that the American people will "defend
civilization against barbarism; Inter
national law against submarine piracy.
and right against conscienceless might.
It means that Germany must choose be
tween obedience to the ancient code of
sacred justice and the new code of
satanio deviltry. It means that Amer
ica will omit no act which is necessary
to cleanse the seas of the Prussian
wolves and tigers, who prey upon wo
men and children."
Scruples Not Shared by Collemaroes.
The Pall Mall Gazette characterizes
the resignation of Secretary Bryan as
a political event of "unmistakable Im
portance. Continuing, the newspaper
"It does not appear that acy of Mr.
Bryan's colleagues share the scruples
which induced him to give up office and
we assume that his secession will not
Impart any delay to the developments
of the attitude of America toward Ger
many. "Mr. Bryan's record as an advocate
of arbitration and international friend
ship is well known, and whatever the
outcome of the situation be. no criti
cism of a personal character can fall
on the step Mr. Bryan has taken. At
the same time it is obvious that if
American Influence is to have an effect
on Germany's methods of warfare the
United States must convince Berlin
that the preservation of peace Lb not
the supreme and overruling consider
President's Position Not Weakened.
"There are other things which must
lie near the heart of America's repre
sentatives If they are to hold the re
spect of foreign nations and of their
own. There is the protection of Amer
ican citizens in the rights of travel,
which are conferred upon them by the
rules of war, and there is in certain
eventualities the part which may be
devolved upon America in the defense
of that civilization which she shares
with the rest of humanity.
"The position of President Wilson
will not in any way be weakened by
the loss of one who has been his chief
official supporter. In accepting Mr.
Bryan's resignation and persisting in
the course which has brought it about
the President has given the last blow
to the legend that he was himself lack'
ing in decisive qualities or in the nerve
demanded by a real crisis."
BRYAN STATEMENT AMAZES
Con tinned From first Pass.)
ment of the country to determine the
people's views on the differences of
Travel Prohibition. Couwk
In urging the President and Cabinet
to submit existing differences with
Germany to an investigating commit
sion, he proposed that while the com
mission was sitting steps be taken to
prohibit American ships from carrying
ammunition ana to prevent American
citizens from sailing on vessels of the
nations at war.
No man, Mr. Bryan urged, would ca
Into court to prevent the Government
of the United States from restraining
him undertaking a Journey at the risk
of his own life.
LIBRARIES HIT BY WAR
Peace Sfovement Urged as" Matter
BERKELEY, Cal.. June 9. The Eu
ropean war has made a, hole In library
revenues and librarians should promote
peace "as a. matter of seif -preservation,"
George F. Bowerman. librarian
of the Public Library at Washington,
D. C, told the American Library As
sociation in an address here today on
"How Par Should the Library Aid the
Peace Movement and Similar Propa
ganda." "Simply for the library to possess
full resources on both sides of the ques
tion and to exploit it will of Itself pow
erfully aid the peace movement," he
said, but he recommended a "more ad
vanced position on this particular con
troverted question." as against a. posi
tion of "hospitable impartiality," which
he said was usually proper In contro
Books depicting the horros of war
and the glory of peace should be em
phasized or "stressed," the speaker said.
ana lectures ror grown-ups and talks
for children might further the move
ment. WIRE THEFT STOPS CARS
Willamette Falls Trains Delayed by
Loss of Connecting Copper.
OREGON CITY. Or.. June . SDe-
cial.) Operation of the Willamette
alls line of the Portland. Eugene &
eastern .Railway was delayed today
when a thief stole all the bonding wire
from the tracks between Oswego and
West Linn. Ninety-five pounds of the
wire, wnich is used to connect ends of
rails for the passage of the electric
current, have been found by Sheriff
At 5 o'clock this morning John Lowrv
discovered a man cutting the wires.
Sheriff Wilson, Deputy Sheriff Frost,
Lou Wagner, detective of the Portland
Railway. Light & Power Company: Joe
aiorrocco, special agent, of Portland,
and Detective McShane. of the South
ern Pacific, searched for the man, but
failed to find him.
W. J. B. JR., NOT SURPRISED
Young- Man Expects leather to Keep
Up Work for World Peace.
LOS ANGELES, June William J.
Bryan. Jr., who with hi3 family is
spending a brief vacation at Hermosa
Beach, said today that his father's res
ignation as Secretary of State was no
surprise to him.
"My father," he said, "undoubtedly
will keep up his work for world peace."
Mr. Bryan, who is an assistant United
States District Attorney in Arizona,
will leave for Globe. Arls., tomorrow.
Santiseptic Cures Poison Oak or Ivy
Druggist refund it It falls. Instantly relieve
itching, smarting and Inflammation. Dellffbtinllj
cooling and soothing. 60c Ail druggiata
1 10c 1 PEOPLES THEATER 1 10c
Portland's Most Popular Photo-Play
SPECIAL ROSE FESTIVAL ATTRACTION
AMERICA'S GREATEST ACTOR
IN A SUPERB PRODUCTION OF
SIR CHARLES L. YOUNG'S CELEBRATED DRAMA
JIM THE PENMAN
WITH AN ALL STAR CAST INCLUDING
I 10c I
11 A. M.
WORDS HELD FUTILE
Senator Lodge Says Force Is
Needed to Compel Peace.
WEAKNESS IS DEPRECATED
Nations, Says Speaker, Can Be Pre
vented Prom Going to War Only
When Power to Prevent Dis
ooedlence . Exists.
SCHENECTADY. N. T., June 9. Sen
ator Henry Cabot Lodge, speaking to
day at the commencement exercises at
Union College, asserted that world
peace would never be maintained with
out united forces, and advocated a
union of nations, with international po
lice afloat and ashore, strong enough
to overcome the strongest individual
"How is peace to be established
and maintained among nations?" Sen
ator Lodge said. "One thins: is certain
it cannot be done by words. Nothing
will be accomplished by people- who
are sheltered under neutrality, gather
ing outside the edges of the fight and,
from comfortable safety, summoning
the combatants to throw down their
arms and make peace because war is
filled with horrors and women are the
mothers fit men.
. Babble Will Go Unheeded.
"The nations and the men now flrtt-
Ing, as they believe, for their lives and
their freedom and their national exist
ence, know all this better than any
one else, and would heed such babble,
if they heard it. no more than the
twittering of birds.
It would be as futile, Senator Lodge
said, to abolish armaments as It would
be to abolish fire because fire some
times causes great conflagrations, with
their attendant loss of life and prop
erty: .or knives, because knives inflict
ed wounds. The reason lay deeper than
armaments; it was the desire to use
them wrongly, for aggression.- A gen
eral reduction of armaments, he said.
should be sought with earnestness; "but
for one nation to disarm and leave it'
self defenseless in an armed world is a
direct incentive and Invitation to war."
Union of Nations Desired.
"Nations must unite," the Senator
said, "as men unite to preserve peace
ana oraer. une great nations must be
so united as to be able to say to any
single country, 'you must not go to
war!' and they can only say that ef
fectively when the country desiring
war knows that the force which the
united nations place behind peace is
The college conferred baccalaureate
degrees on four Civil War veterans
who stopped their studies to Join the
Union Army, more than half a century
ago. The degrees were those they
would have won had their studies not
House West Park and Alder
to 11 P. M. 10c II
A Daughter of the Nile
MARY FULLER AND MATT MOORE
The Nightmare of a Movie Fan
JOE KING, BEATRICE VAN AND CHAS. GIBLYN
Bill s Blighted C
BILLIE RITCHIE AND PEGGY PEARCE
Vitagraph's 5-Part Blue-Ribbon Feature
The Thrill -of a Lifetime in the Greatest of All Railroad
Dramas, Nothing Shown on a Screen Has Ever Equalled the
Sight of the Great Locomotive Speeding to Wreck, Ruin and
OFFICERS AND 31 MEMBERS
: CRSW ARB CAPTIVES.
Tnateett of Undersea Raldera te Be
Same mm Other Prisoners, Says
Mr. Bnlfour, of Admiralty.
LONDON. June 8. Official announce
ment was made today by Secretary of
tle Admiralty Balfour that a German
submarine had been sunk and that
six of her officers and SI members of
her crew had been captured.
Balfour announced also tnat uer-
man submarine prisoners hereafter
shall be accorded treatment identical
with nil other German prisoners in
Mr. Balfour failed to say when or
flCOaaC W. . ATKINS. VICC-MUIMKT
RtCliytfl H.. . I IWIHU9 CHECK
SEND tbe followiaf Telegraot. subjaet to the toraW
oa beck hereof, which are hereby tr4 to
To J. BRYAIT, ex
I -don't bls.ee yon
to expect you heyo
where the German submarine was sunk.
He merely said it had been sunk re
In announcing: the revision of the
policy regarding the treatment of Ger
man submarine prisoners. Mr. Balfour
"While this does not change British
opinion as to the character of the acts
in which these persons are concerned, it
must be remembered that submarine at
tacks on defenseless vessels are not
Park - West
V Park - West Park - Near Wash. & i
Open Daily, Noon to 11 P. M.
TODAY -- FRIDAY - SATURDAY
tion! .The p r o
gramme a s
c tally se
ing it Port
THE PRICE of FAME
IN "WHO PAYS?"
A sensational expose of the Cost to be
paid for intangible and elusive fame.
BRAY CARTOON IN THE
POLICE DOG Comedy
THE SEA OTTER
Scenic and Educational Feature.
Miss Dorothy Lewis, Singer, and
Messrs. Carney and Dimond, Organists.
Every evening during the Festival. Lighted Paper Balloons will be
launched from the top of this theater. Each balloon will contain an
order for a cash prize of $1 and
- Sec'y. of 'State.,
STASH ET0T01T. DJgj
for be'ifig tired -paying rent. Let me know when
to seest one of our Rose C1tv P&rk houses. :
' John T-Ti
TION THAT SET
the only violations of the laws of hu
manity of which the Germans are
guilty, and the government Is there
fore of the opinion that the subma
rine problem cannot be isolated and
that the general question of responsi
bility should be reserved until the end
of the war."
Mr. Balfour added that the govern
ment's decision would be communicat
ed to Germany through the American
Park - Near Wash.
Another o f
ductions, "Th e Mid
dle m a n."
1 n troducing
O h e v a lier.
Actor, in an
e x t r e mely
b e a u t i f ul
t i o i a 1
tickets for the theater.
BCLVIDERE BROOKS. vlce-PMir--IY
Ore., June 9th
Mgr; Realty pap if;,
scNDCRi mc. vain 206 a 2050