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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 8, 1915)
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PORTI-AND. TUESDAY. JCNB . 1915.
OIK l)DTr TO MEXICO.
The condition in Mexico is such
that no mere tied Cross expedition,
organized on however great a scale,
would relieve it- Famine is general
throughout twenty-two of the twenty
seven states, for over great areas no
erops have been planted, and where
they have been planted they are
trampled down by the horses of the
contending armies. If any crops were
to be harvested, the troops would help
themselves first, leaving the non
combatants to starve. This is no
problem of temporarily relieving a
city laid waste by flood or fire; it is
a problem of feeding 13,000,000 peo
ple until they can harvest a crop.
Nothing short of the resources of the
United States Government is equal to
such a task.
The task is greater than that The
United States would need to send with
its supply trains armed forces suffi
cient to protect them against the
bandits who pose as patriots, also to
ensure that the food was not after
wards stolen from the people. This
.would involve fighting any armies or
bands which invaded the cities where
food was distributed under protection
of our troops. Were the United
States Army to enter Mexico only for
the protection of our relief forces, and
were it to withdraw after harvest had
yielded a fresh supply of food, the
factions would doubless break loose
again and the work would need to be
done over again. We can only ac
complish permanent good for Mexico
by completely pacifying the country,
supervising the establishment of an
orderly government among its own
' people and then handing it over to
the Mexicans to govern. The prob
lem is the same on a much larger
scale a that with which we twice
dealt successfully in Cuba.
Meagre as are our military forces
I they should prove equal to the occa
; fcion. Our mobile army of about
! 2 5,000 men could be increased to
100,000 by volunteers drawn from the
; National Guard. Exhausted as Mexl
; co is by years of strife and rejoiced
as would be the better element at
' relief from anarchy, that force should
suffice. None of the factional leaders
could get arms and ammunition from
abroad. Europe is using all it can
produce and our Navy could blockade
or occupy the ports. Exhaustion of
the existing supply would aid our
army in scattering any opposing
. forces into guerilla bands, which
. could be run down by cavalry, equip
! ped with maxim guns.
Intervention in Mexico at this time
! in opposed by the New York Tribune
i as "imprudent and inopportune" be-
cause "we have come very close to
a break with Germany." Our duty In
Mexico is urgent and immediate; the
; break with Germany is a serious pos-
sibflity, it is true, but it is contingent
j on negotiations which are still in
i progress, is more remote and may yet
1 be avoided. We should not avoid
performance of an immediate duty of
; such urgency on the plea that we
I may soon be called upon to perform
' another of greater magnitude.
j Should the worst come, our re-
sources are equal to the task of pael
I fying Mexico and dealing with the
J larger problem at the same time.
The most we could do against Ger-
many at the outset would be to send
i a naval squadron to aid in the protec
I tion of merchant shipping in Europe
I and to supply arms and ammunition
' to her enemies. We could at the
: same time enroll an army of volun
' teers for service in Europe. Even
2.000.000 men would be a slight tax
; on our resources compared with what
! European nations are doing. It would
be one in fifty of our population,
i while the European powers have put
one in tn and even one in eight in the
I field. This new army could not go
j Into service for about a year. In
j that time Mexico might be reduced to
j comparative peace and the further
occupation could be entrusted to fresh
; troops, while the veterans could be
; sent to Europe as a first contingent.
Says the Tribune:
j Our honor, our dignity and our self
. rupeot will compel us to do all we can to
J briu j? Germany to terms by force,
j We have not yet reached the point
j of talking to Germany about using
' force, though we have given a very
plain intimation to that effect. In
the meantime "our honor, our dignity
and our self-respect compel us to do
all we can" to rescue Mexico from
anarchy and famine. We are largely
responsible, through our ineffective
meddling, for Mexico's misery. We
must make amends. If we delay,
Mexico's plight will become aggra
vated and we may be compelled by
threat of European intervention to
undertake a task which will have be
come more arduous through delay.
ATHLETES AND BASEBALL,
Jim Thorpe's sad experience proves
that something else besides all-round
athletic ability is needed to attain the
heights of success in baseball. Thorpe,
who is an Indian, has been the pride
of Carlisle College for this many a
long day. He has carried off all the
palms, olive crowns and laurel wreaths
in eight, winning victories on the ath
letic field from the Harvard football
team, taking- countless prizes in the
Olympic games and beating all the
"hurdlers, wrestlers, runners and high
Jumpers" the white man could pit
against him. It was supposed there
fore that Thorpe, from the very pa
sture of the case; must prove himself a
'mighty baseball hero. Who had such
trained muscles as he? Who such an
eye for distance and motion? Who
such wind and limb?
So they took him into the New York
Giants and suddenly the mighty one
had a fall, a very bad fall. Thorpe
lacked what is technically called "the
tatting eye." The twisted ball eluded
film. Its writhlngs beguiled him. So
that Instead of winning fresh honors
' or the Giants he lost them gam after
game, or would have done so had he
not been speedily retired to a less
With all his college honors still
budding on his brow Thorpe has been
disposed of among the inglorious
"bushers" and baseball fame knows
him no more for the present. But
perhaps it will know him again after
a while. His failure is not one to
throw a man into despair. It comes
from no weakness, no radical defect.
It is likely enough that his native wit
was somewhat dulled by the influences
of a strange environment. There is
many a man admirably expert in his
old, accustomed surroundings who is
utterly nonplused for a while by nov
elty. Give him a few days to settle
his nerves and he will be his old self
It would not surprise us to hear
more of Jim Thorpe by and by. A
man with his sound physical gifts is
not to be lightly scrapped. He is al
most certain to perfect himself in the
game that has thus far baffled him
and forge bravely to the ront again.
It is Incumbent upon himTo do so for
the credit of his race. It would never
do to let an Indian champion be out
done in athletics by the white man.
The New York Times, a Democratic
newspaper, does not think well of the
Hiram Johnson scheme of non-partisanship
in state affairs, now to be
tried in California; and it makes the
unique suggestion that the problem
might be solved for the states if there
could be a separation of state and
National politics a party or sev
eral parties for the Nation and two
or more parties devoted entirely to
state issues. But, confesses the
Times, "that will never be." The
reason is that a man who is a Re
publican or a Democrat on National
issues is bound to foe a Republican
or Democrat in state issues.
We are not so hopeless about the
suggestion of the Times as that excel
lent newspaper is. For there is
abundant testimony if Oregon may
be offered as an example that the
Democrat who is suffused with a
deep and permanent loyalty for his
party as to any of Its National policies
or candidates does not necessarily feel
that way about it when state or local
matters are at stake. Thousands of
Democrats are so indifferent to party
ties or their party name that they
regularly register as Republicans;
while on the other hand thousands of
Republicans feel under no obligation
whatever to vote the ticket in a state
election, but are moved by a pious
Impulse to maintain their party regu
larly in Presidential years. The rule
did not hold good in 1912, but there
never will be another 1912.
The Oregonlan does not insist that
there ought to be a state party as
distinct from a National party; only
that there is. It has no confidence,
however, that non-partisanship is a
cure for the present confused situa
tion. Oregon has had its own experi
ences with non-partisans. It finds
that they are moved' by a high and
holy purpose to repudiate party dur
ing campaigns, and that they docilely
line up in the party caucus after
It will be interesting to note what
happens at Washington when Cali
fornia sends that heavy-weight non
partisan, Hiram Johnson, to the Unit
ed States Senate.
THE BEST PAVEMENT.
The County Commissioners will as
sume an undesirable responsibility if
they shall select for the major portion
of the seventy miles of new pavement
to be laid in Multnomah County a type
that is in any sense an experiment.
The Commissioners have a definite
foundation upon which to base their
awards. Pavements of demonstrated
lasting qualities -exist. It is not diffi
cult to obtain a specific guarantee as
to life and maintenance as part or
accompaniment of a contract to lay
such a road. Experience of other
communities with less well known
pavements is impressive, but it is not
so valuable as a guarantee.
It is hardly necessary to recall to
anyone's mind that the campaign in
behalf of the road bond issue was con
ducted on the- promise that a hard
surface would be laid which would not
involve the county in maintenance or
repair costs for a period of ten years.
There is but one" way to make good
this promise. That way is to select a
pavement backed by a definite and
responsible guarantee. The Commis
sioners cannot perform their full duty
by adopting any other course, no mat
ter what plausibility or testimony or
cheapness Is. offered in behalf of an
Strong indorsements of concrete
roads have been presented to the
Commissioners and to the public and
they come not altogether from persons
financially interested in the sale of
cement. The Oregonian confesses to
skepticism as to the suitability of con
crete for the main highways of Mult
nomah County. That type of pave
ment is not uncommon in Portland,
and it is not an exaggeration to say
that it has proved generally unsatis
factory. The ready answer to this is
that an improved type of concrete has
been laid elsewhere and is giving sat
isfaction. But the words "improved
type'' in themselves imply a recent
development in methods of laying or
mixing. Improved concrete in the
larger sense is still an experiment. It
has given satisfaction for a year or
two, perhaps a little longer, but will
it stand with those pavements which
have continuously given satisfaction
for a decade or longer?
There would probably not be much
objection to experiments in paving on
a moderate scale. But the contracts
to be awarded are not moderate. The
county is to expend $1, 250, 000 for
hard-surfaced roads. The people want
and demand the best that can be ob
tained within the bounds of reason
The pavement of lowest initial cost
Is not necessarily the cheapest pave
ment. Durability is a prime essen
tial, but it is not the only one. Smooth
ness, traction,-and effect on the vehi
cles that use the roads are Important
elements. The largest possible aid to
home industry is worth considering.
But above all it is too large a project
to Invite experiment. The paement,
be it concrete, rock, wood or asphaltic,
which is not so tried and proven that
the contractor will guarantee its life
or bond himself to maintain it in ac
cordance with assurances previously
given the public, is not entitled to con
sideration. The childrenjs parade is always a
great feature by many regarded as
the principal event of the annual
Rose Festival. Certainly it is a most
human and impressive spectacle. It
always draws an immense crowd,
which gets extremely impatient when
the parade fails to move on time. Last
year there was a considerable delay.
and the spectators got quite restless.
But what is the. annoyance of the
crowd to the distress of the children
when they are kept standing for many
useless minutes, and then must march
a long way and go through their ma
neuvers all along the route? Most
children leave home early on the great
day, go to their schools and then to
the scene of the grand march. Hours
have passed before they get back.
During all that time they are deprived
of the conveniences of the home and
the school. So it is highly important
that the children's parade move on
time, and that the children be set free
at the earliest possible hour. No more
important or -necessary duty confronts
the Festival management.-
TILE GREAT BRAWL.
When one nation plays the bully and af
fronts another, and each refuses to back
down beca'use of pride or national honor,
and the affair ends in a fight, it's glorious.
It's patriotism, ll'm war. it is not ''against
About the only real difference is thatln
stead of one man fighting another man,
tteveral millions fight several other milliops.
Ihen it Isn't disgraceful. It is heroic And
they pin iron cro and medals on you for
doing things they'd lynch you for if you
were settling a private, grievance.
Hut if war is correct the custom of le
gally prohibiting two men from fighting It
out is wrong. Hoth can't be corre'et. Med
ford Mall Tribune.
There was a time when men fought
it out between themselves, and it was
not morally wrong. It was barbarism.
But as men became enlightened and
civilization progressed they estab
lished customs and devised rules for
the settlement of individual and even
of community disputes and they
called them the law. Behind the law
there was reposed the power to re
quire men to comply. It was and
is clear enough to the meanest in
telligence that law cannot be self-executing,
and it is necessary always
to fortify It with the instrumental
ities of physical force.
But nations are not yet emancipated
from barbarism, and there is no pub
lic law which any of them obey ex
cept as it suits to obey it. It is
true enough that there has heretofore
existed a rough code which a self
respecting state sought to observe in
time of war; but in the present great
conflict the self-imposed rules have
been forgotten and the old primitive
instincts of savagery and outlawry are
being given free vent. There are new
implements but there are still the old
passions. The war is nothing more
nor less than a murderous brawl,
conducted on a gigantic scale.
When nations progress in their re
lations with one another as individu
als have progressed, there will be a
public law for them, and there will
be an international police. Where a
state offends by fighting, or otherwise
by violating the law it will be arrested
and taken to court.
What nature gives stingily isn't
worth much. The best things she
pours out for us with a lavish hand.
Gold and diamonds are hard to come
by, but of what use are they when
you have them? Can you eat gold?
Can you breathe fragrance from a
diamond? The fields of wheat
whereupon the Nation is fed spread
bounteously across the whoje width of
the horizon. The roses whose odors
scent the generous winds bloom by
the -million. And the June weather
that perfects the wheat and the roses
Is more lavishly bestowed than either
of them. There is a whole world full
of it already, with more to come.
There is nothing to compare with a
day in June. "What is so rare?" ex
claims the poet in his rapture, but at
the same time what is so common?
Rare in its incomparable perfection,
common, like all God's best gifts, to
whoever wants to enjoy it. The great
outdoors with its glorious beauty was
made for, all men and given to them
freely. Nobody has to pay for sun
light, for the gold and purple of the
sunset sky or for the sweet, pure air
of. heaven. All he need do is to go
out and take his share.
The fundamental values cannot be
monopolised. The best music is not
to be heard within the walls of any
grand opera-house, but iu the ffelds
and woods at early dawn. ' The price
to pay for it is sleeping in the country
with the windows open. Just as the
sun's first rays begin to color the
Eastern horizon, when Aurora, the
child of the morning, lets her rosy
fingers peep through the gates of
light, then the birds begin to sing, the
robins, blackbirds, chickadees and a
thousand more each in its own key
and keeping its own time. But mul
titude makes harmony out of the
mingling melodies and the concert
fitly ushers in the sun with all his
June is the perfect month. The
earlier Spring months are given in
preparation for his. royal pageantry.
Those that follow ripen the fruits he
has fertilized. With the end of June
the climax of Summer's drama has
passed. During July the season ripea
and ripes. . From August onward the
great decline begins. June is the
month of joy and beauty, the season
of marrying and giving in marriage.
The only rival of the June rose is the
June bride and the only seasonable
problem of the mouth is to decide
which is the lovelier.
A BLOW, TO USURPATION.
The decision of the United States
Supreme Court in the Daniels land
contest is of more than ordinary im
portance. It declares illegal the as
sumption by a series of Secretaries ol
the Interior, Land Commissioners and
Chief Foresters, of authority which
had never been conferred by law. The
amazing plea was set up that an ad
ministrative officer may. do anything
In enforcement of law which is not
specifically forbidden by law. The Su
preme Court holds unanimously that
an officer may only do such things as
the law specifically authorizes him
A brief consideration of the distinc
tion shows what unlimited bureaucratic
usurpation would have been permit
ted had the Supreme Court held with
the officers. Congress in enacting
laws relating to the administration of
the Government defines the duties of
officers, specifying what they shall
have authority to do; it rarely speci
fies what they shall not do. Its legis
lation is affirmative; it is rarely nega
tive except when defining crime. Thus
the things which public officials are
forbidden to do are few. If they may
assume that they have authority to do
anything which' is not forbidden, then
they may do almost anything they
please; they are free lances, privileged
to act as they choose for the pretended
Gifford Pinchot, when chief for
ester, was the most flagrant offender
in this respect. He sent employes of
his bureau to college at public ex
pense without any authority of law.
The employes thus became qualified
for higher positions at no cost to
themselves. But this is only an ex-
ample. A long series of acts by Sec
retaries Hitchcock, Garfield and Fish
er were equally - arbitrary acts of
usurpation, some of them " fraught
with more serious consequences. Such
were some of the original withdrawals
from entry of coal land and power
sites. We are at last getting back
from the reign of bureaucracy to the
reign of law.
This Nation should set to work
systematically to train up a body of
young men in our high schools and
universities for transaction of South
American business. Greater empha
sis should be laid on the study of
Spanish in preference to Latin and
Greek or French and German. Students
should specialize on the geography,
history, products, imports, national
customs of South American countries
and on international finance. Ameri
cans could then talk to prospective
South American customers in their
own language and could acquire a
knowledge of the people in social in
tercourse which is impossible across
the barrier of language. They could
then guide their employers in every
detail of doing business to the satis
faction of the customer. Men in the
home office could translate letters
from Spanish, write replies in Spanish
and break down the language barrier.
A concurrent resolution of the Cali
fornia Legislature signed by the Gov
ernor testifies that woman suffrage
"has amply justified itself" in that
state. This furnishes excellent ammu-
I nition to the suffrage workers on the
firing line in the Eastern states. Suf
frage has justified itself wherever it
has been tried, but it is hard to get
the antis to hear the lessons of ex
perience. They prefer their own idle
The bicycle, as well as- the hoop
skirt, is coming back. It returns with
an attachment to the rear wheel in
the shape of a little engine which pro
pels the Jubilant rider 100 miles on
one gallon of gasoline. The engine
can be bolted on or left off just as
the rider prefers. It is a great device.
When the new engine to run the heart
and lungs has been perfected life will
be one long and blissful dream.
It is said that the famine In Mexico
is worse than in Belgium and Poland.
The silly Mexicans have brought it
upon themselves by their eternal
fighting, which has destroyed agricul
ture and annihilated trade, but their
hunger is quite as painful as if a for
eign enemy had caused it. Charity
finds plenty of objects nowadays with
out the trouble of searching for them.
Moving pictures have pretty well
won their way in the churches. They
preach more vividly than some pas
tors and reinforce even the best of ser
mons. When the mechanical choir has
been installed the minister will have
quite a comfortable time. With no
sermons to write and no soprano to
appease, the weeks will seem like an
unbroken series of vacations.
The 700th anniversary of the sign
ing of Magna Charta is at hand and
preparations are making to celebrate
it. Our own liberties as well as Eng
land's are based on Magna Charta.
Its principles have come down through
seven centuries and are embodied in
all oyr constitutions. The anniversary
interests the United States as much as
Schools will close Wednesday and
Friday for the festivities. Saturday is
a holiday for school purposes. Why
send the children back Thursday for
one day? After the romp tomorrow
they will be too tired for work, and
thoughts of pleasure Friday will keep
their minds away from their lessons.
Barbed wire has become a most im
portant means of defense in war and
can be destroyed only by explosive
shell fire. On the Dardanelles, as at
Neuve Chapelle, the British advance
was blocked by the failure of artillery
to destroy the entanglements at Bne
point in the enemy's line.
Joseph Rodman Drake wrote two
poems worth remembering. They are
"The Culprit Fay" and "The American
Flag." Few read him now, but ho
stands- well among American poets.
The Boston schools - have just been
honoring his memory. Others mightj
fitly do the same.
Reports of British casualties during
the week are an aggravation. All
these officers arid men are lost in en
gagements, the telling of which would
make great reading, ,but one must de
pend on fiction to stir his enthusiasm.
Down with the censor!
Taking their respective dispatches
together, Villa and Obregon have each
defeated the other at the same time.
They are wonders at writing bulletins.
How would you like to be a bank
clerk and get all the holidays in a
row? -Only do noteo around to watch
them working nights to catch up.
Portland will have one day to get its
mind off the election and on the Rose
Festival to forget its troubles and get
into a joyous mood.
We'll all be dead a long time before
Japan has . fifty million Chinese
trained into a fighting army to con
quer the world.
San Francisco does not mind a slight
quake now and then, and the visitor
has something to tell when he gets
Let every householder switch on his
porch light for the three nights of the
Festival and help Illume the city.
Set the alarm tonight to go off early
and get up and be a good fellow the
rest of the iweek. '
The good loser yesterday is known
today by the expansive smile and the
rose he wears.
The German submarine war on
English and Scotch fishermen con
tinues. Will the men who waste space on
the municipal ballot ever cease?
Cantaloupes are in the market for
people who cannot afford them. '
Qnly the cooks and waiters need be
kept at work Friday.
Fo.get election rancor for
days and celebrate.
Some of the tomahawks were sharp,
Give the men a holiday Friday.
European War Primer
By National Geographical Society.
Immediately inside the Italian bor
der below the Austrian City of Trent
lies the wealthy ancient city of Vero
na, an important railway center, a
treasury of art. a museum of splendid
remains from Roman times through all
Italian periods and altogether one of
the most beautiful and interesting
cities of Northern Italy. Verona is a
fortress of the first class and one of
the foremost military centers toward
the Austrian frontier. In peace times
a garrison of more than 6000 men is
stationed there and here is located
the administration of Italy's Third
Verona is less than 10 miles distant
from, the -Austrian frontier, from that
part of the Austrian Tyrol that pro
jects as a deep wedge into the north
Italian hill country. It lies 71 miles
west of Venice by rail and 83 miles
east of Milan, another great northern
railway center, on both banks of the
rapid Adlge River. It is 194 feet above
sea level, with the main and older part
of the city lying within an abrupt loop
made by the river. The population of
the city, with its suburbs, is about
80.000. The main railway lines from
Modena and Mantau to Trent and Bo
sen and. from Venice to Milan cross in
the city. The Verona, Venice, Porto
gruaro line parallels the Austrian
frontier and has many strategic
branches of much the same value to
the Italians In their present ptrugrgle
as the Posen-Tilsit line is to the Ger
mans in their defense of their eastern
Verona must be the immediate ob
jective of any invasion from the Tren
tino salient. From Verona west the
trunk-line railway leads through a rich
industrial and farming region to the
great northern towns of Milan and
Turin. To the east lies Venice and to
the south are a constellation of thriv
ing manufacturing towns. The fron
tier before Verona is strongly forti
fied, both on the Italian and Austrian
sides. In recent years a wide-flung
circle of forts, far outside of the ob
solete city walls, were begun as a new
scheme for the city's defense. The
building of these redoubts raised
Verona to the position of a fortress of
The beginnings of the Veronese for
tifications that still remain standing
today date from 1527. when Verona
was surrounded with new walls and
bastions by Sanmicheli. Following
the congress of Vienna Verona fell to
Austria's share and the Austrlans
caused the city to be strongly forti
fied. The Austrians further fortified
Peschiera, Mantua and Legnago, form
ing the famous "quadrilateral," upon
which powerful series of fortresses the
Austrian rule In Italy relied for its
principal support until 1866. Verona
is the key position to Northern Italy
Both prosperous and progressive, the
city has multiplied its industrial en
deavor many times during the last
score years. Today there are large
paper and cotton mills in the city, an
immense nail factory and piano and or
gan factories. There is also a sig
nificant manufactory of war munitions
centered here, extensive artillery es
tablishments and important arsenals.
Among the other more important man
ufactures are silks, eoap, candies and
sugar. Verona has a large and grow
ing agricultural commerce, being one
of the first Italian centers of traffic
with Austria-Hungary, Switzerland
and Germany. It exported wines,
fruits, rice and marble and, twice each
year, it held a noted horse market.
A city of wonderful art works, of
weather-stained white marble pal
aces, orten richly sculptured and
sometimes showing the worn evidences
of sumptuous paintings, with impres
sive, well-preserved ruins from, the
days . or before the Christian era,
Verona has somewhat the appearance
of luxurious decay, with which a con
fident, pushing, success-breathing
spirit of the last few years has con
trasted sharply. The museums, pic
ture galleries, libraries and ancient
churches of Verona teem with rare
treasures. Verona was the birthplace
of the famous Romans, Catullus Cor
nelius Nepos, Pliny the younger and
OTHER RETALIATIOS THAN WAR
Brate Force Not Necessary Betneea
Individuals!,- Sara Writer.
WILLOWS, Or., June 6. (To the Edi
tor.) Having read the expressions of
beautiful thoughts of peace on your
editorial page at various times, parts
of the editorial entitled "Coincidences,"
printed June 2, fell like a shock.
Perhaps, after all. peace talkers mean
peace only when war seems not to gain
us -anything material. Talk of peace
should mean war only upon invasion
of our soil, and it should mean if we
are offended and our' National honor
slandered, we will find other means of
retaliation. The individuals of our ac
quaintance whom we admire the most
do not very frequently find it neces
sary to command respect by use of
their fists and when they are offend
ed they usually slyly wait until an op
portunity presents itself for seine quiet
revenge, end invariably we admire
them for it.
In the editorial to which I refer we
are told that "the people of the United
States have become accustomed to the
terrible visage of war," and its conclud
ing sentence is, "After all, Mexico
seems now not so difficult for ns."
Difficult for what? Does the spec
tacle of the European war fill some
people with the lust for- conquest, now
that we are. in a measure, accustomed
to it? If intervention is for humanity's
sake, purely and simply. It will" be dif
ficult to brine about what we eeek to
accomplish. If for conquest, purely
and simply, there would be difficulties
enough, but eventually we might
True enough, all portions of the
world should be prepared for war, until
all other portions are so civilized they
abhor the thought of it.
Pnit a war for conquest! And if in
tervention in Mexico is for the sake of
humanity, solely, why aren't Argentine,
Brazil and Chile helping us in our mis
sion? . They showed their interest in
Mexican affairs a year ago. and are
themselves Latin-Americans, while to
the Mexicans we are the hated "tirin-
I am beginning to wonder if
there isn't lodged in the breasts of some
people thoughts which make them de
serving of that hatred. If any one favors
war for conquest I would have him say
so, squarely. But what would we pa in,
materially? In addition to loss of lives
and expenditure of money and waste
of property, we would acquire a social
problem only a trifle less difficult of
solution than our race question.
DRAWBACK TO CONCRETE CITED
S. Benson Gives Reason for Opposing;
Paving; That Gets Slippery.
PORTLAND, June 7. (To the Edi
tor.) In The Oregonian Monday J. J.
Johnson and others advocating concrete
paving refer to Wayne County, Michi
gan, parts of Ohio and other far-away
places where large cement factories
are located. People in those places are
naturally interested .in using home
Why not look at our own cement
pavements at home here in Portland,
where we have nearly 100 miles of such
pavement; or St. Johns, where also
there are good samples. Look at Hood
River pavements. In any of these
places the people will tell you whether
the cement roadway gets slippery or
Wherever you find concrete roads,
and people not directly interested in
the cement industry, there is only one
conclusion that follows, anfl that is
that cement is not suitable for paving
the wearing surface. - S. BENSON.
POI.ICIKS MIST REST OS FORCB
America Cannot tons 31 a intMin In
terests Unless Prepared for Defense.
PORTLAND.' June 7. (To the Ed
itor.) 1 lay id Starr Jordan, who deliv
ered a series ofr peace talks in Port
land last week, to my way of thinking
is a particularly earnest but short
sighted and perverse individual. His
chief illusion teem to be that the af
fairs of the world are settled by utter
ing alluring; word formulae. He cannot
see that human society and Its proper
ty institutions are necessarily main
tained by the binding power of force.
r! ft'erences of opinion and conflicts of
interest are inevitable in life. Ulti
mately these fundamental differences
and Interests cannot be adjusted in
any other way than by force.
As an American Chancellor Jordan
ought to know, that we of -the United
States have laid down certain diplo
matic policies that need to be sup
ported by force. Our failure to do so
will make us a laughing stock before
the world and deprive us of power and
possessions that we ought to cherish
The Monroe Doctrine, to which Mr.
Jordan no doubt, with the rest of us,
subscribes, and which says that no ter
ritory in the Western Hemisphere may
be acquired by a European or Asiatic
power, has standing: only insofar- as we
are willing and able to enforce It with
a powerful Army and Navy. Otherwise
It is mere bombast.
Our possessions, Porto Rico, Hawaii
and the Philippines, can be retained
by us only if we are strong enough to
do so. Appeals to justice and disqui
sitions on the eternal principles of
right will never of 'themselves suc
ceed. The "open door" and free trade pol
icy .with regard to China and Japan,
that we lay great stress upon, is
worthless unless we can make it good
when it is challenged. Our policy is
especially contradictory regarding
China and Japan, as we insist upon
privileges for ourselves in Asia that
our immigration laws deny to Asiatics
in the United States. We shall not
long be able to maintain such an in
consistent policy unless we have the
military and naval strength to make
other nations respect it despite its in
consistency. Mr. Jordan or the Oregon Peace So
ciety might reply by saying that no
nation is going to challenge our domi
nation of the Western Hemisphere, of
Hawaii, of the Philippines or our
Asiatie policy. But how does he know
that? Certainly he has lived long
enough to learn that getting people to
"mind their own business" and "attend
to their own affairs" as the peace ad
vocates declare everybody ought to do,
although they are far from all doing
it themselves is the least likely of
all things in the world to happen. Talk
about "planetary patriotism" is merely
a new form of cant.
A class of highly energetic and quite
intelligent persons are constantly be
ing born into the world who make it
the main concern of their lives to
mind other people's business. Their
aggressiveness and restless energy
distinguishes them in all historical
ages as the successful business men,
statesmen, conquerors and adven
turers of the world. They have an ir
repressible "will to power," as
Nietzsche puts it. Less ambitious and
less energetic men and women are but
clay in their hands. They constitute
the dynamics of history.
Any foreign policy of any nation
which does not recognize the basic
fact that the strong, the cunning and
the unscrupulous determine the direc
tion of the practical affairs of life is
doomed to end in disaster.
Chancellor Jordan were much better
engaged as a patriotic United States
citizea in facing the real facts, unal
terably existing in the nature of
things, and advocating a powerful
Army and Navy for. his country, rather
than in addressing large audiences of
hopeless sentimentalists and idealist?
who vainly fancy that this is a rose
water world instead of one of blood
and iron. . WILLIAM DONNlGttS.
BAND PROVES BIG ATTRACTION
Mr. Rusk! Compliments Police Organisa
tion for Work at Fair.
SAN FRANCISCO. June 5. (To the
Editor.) My attention has been called1
to an article in The Oregonian June 3
regarding the Portland Police Band.
Having been a resident of Portland for
several years I wish'to make this state
ment upon the good work and showing
made by the bund during its visit here
antl believe San Francisco was well
pleased with concerts given by Port
land Police Band.
The band kept all engagements. The
St. Fraiicis Hotei concert was given
at the Palace Hotel, there beine an
other efisjasrement at the St. Francis
that evening. All newspapers, also
City Hall, were serenaded.
On May 27, Zone day at the Exposi
tion, 100.000 attendance, the Portland
Police Band played massed with
Sousa'a, Conway's. Cassa's Official Ex
position Band, parading and marching
on the grounds. The Portland Police
Band made the best appearance in
every respect. People applauded many
times, and nearly worked the band
boys to death. Every one said "Hur
rah! for the Portland Police Band!" So
the whole United States knows of them,
for they have been well advertised.
On aiay i'S the band gave their serv
ices at the Oregton State building, also
a splendid concert from 4 to S o'clock
at bandstand, Fillmore street entrance,
in front of Administration building.
Where Conway's Band plays every day.
So the Portland Police Band gave their
services Just the came as any other of
the noted bands. L. RUZZI.
A PORTLAND, OREGON, BOUQUET
Portland, city of the rose,
Where the fair Willamette flows
Through the city tranquilly,
Waftintr attar to the sea.
Here all nations from afar
Meet in peace nor think of war;
Homey city :n repoe
Guarded by her mascot rose.
Majestic buildings towering high.
Pointing toward the azure sKy,
Busy business never closes.
In the city of the roses.
Stately mansions, bungalows.
Gardens radiant with the 'rose,
Koses everywhere petite,
Roses parked along the street.
Roses scent the Summer breeze
As it whispers through the trees
Tales of mountain fairyland
Where the snow-crowned monarch
Portland's crystal water flows
From the mountains crowned with
And the land-locked lake where grows
Blushing, unseen, sweet wild rose.
Roses, red, white, pink and yellow.
Roses pinned on each good fellow.
Portland women passing fair.
Wearing roses in their hair.
Restful parks where children play
Happy through the livelong day.
Gently evening's shadow grows
Perfumed sweetly by the rose.
Tourists seeking wondrous sights
View the landscapes from the Heights
Mt Hood and others crowned with
Like the alabaster rose.
Oh, you rosebuds sweet and true
Pretty Portland peekaboo.
Show your colorsat the ehows
Where the fair Willamette flows.
Watch the pageant's ground display
Thronging highways night and day
Cheers for roses, hip hurrah.
Nineteen Fifteen Panama,
W. ROSS WINANS.
Twenty-Five Years Ago
From The Oregonlan. June 8, 1S90.
McMinnville. Or. William Scott was
convicted of manslaughter by a Jury
which stood nine to three yesterday.
Scott- who was charged with murder
ing his wife, who was his second one.
maintained he was innocent to the end
of the trial.
Berlin. Chancellor Von Caprlvl did
not send a note to the powers nor did
he communicate with any foreign rep
resentatives, except Austria's, over the
utterances of Prince Bismarck. Bis
marck, in a newspaper interview, said
Germany was not bound by any treaty
to assist Austria in the event of war
with Russia over Balkan territory. The
Emperor of Germany and his advisors
have taken the attitude that Bismarck
is within his rights in making any pub
lic utterances as a private citizen' of
distinction, but urge that German pa
pers and officials treat those utter
ances only with courtesy and not - in
any -sense as reflecting the official at
titude. New York. The Tammany Democ
racy of New Tork is in a bad way to
do business and the Tammany cohorts
are on a still hunt for a leader. Chris
topher Buckley, who has recently stol
en into New York and put up, with a
big and expensive suite at the Horf
man House, is looked upon as. the man
who will be selected. Governor Hill is
said to be in a friendly attitude.
Washington. Congressman Her
mann's desk was laden with roses yes
terday in honor of his re-election to
Congress by the largest majority ever
given a man in Oregon.
It has developed on news from Vic
toria. B. C, that Behring Sea poachers
are preparing to hoodwink Uncle Sam.
Their plan is to hide part of their catch
from the authorities. The poachers
have fitted up an elaborate rendezvous
for tne purpose.
In the baseball world so far as Port
land is concerned, it is the same old
story Portland and Spokane are the
A reporter met Chairman Goldsmith
on the street yesterday and he submit
ted to the following interview volun
tarily: "I am out of politics now. I am not
a public man nor a politician. I am
charged with supporting Pennoyer from
spite work. If so, I am only one of
some 14,000 who did the same thing. I
was chosen by my party to manage the
campaign and I have tried to do my
duty'by it as an honest Democrat.'
Dr. S. Parker, for 20 years a resident
and practicing physician in this city,
leaves today for a visit in the East in
Building permits show Portland has
recovered from the building trades
strike and now a veritable building
boom is under way.
Rudyard Kipling, like Lord Byron,
awoke one morning recently and found
himself famous. Not yet 25 years of
age and a year ago nothing in the lit
erary world, he is now the literary
hero of the present hour in England,
and if the strong wind of praise which
is now pressed to his lips does not make
him lose his head he may yet fill a
larger canvas than he has yet essayed.
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonlan, June 8, 1h6u.
The Washington Republican in a
virile article urges that the District of
Columbia should be searched and all
conspirators put into the toils. Investi
gation has disclosed that not only the
President, but the Vice-President. Chief
Justice, Speaker of the House and Gen
erals of the Army, were marked for
death. Washington Is no place for any
secessionist unless he or she be In Jail,
the article says.
Lowell & Kippen announce the open
ins of their delightful Summer home on
Clatsop Plains, situated & short dis
tance from the ocean. This place has
a splendid beach for riding, walking
and bathing and all facilities for crab
bing arid fishing.
The rebellion has left the South with
out a currency and without a semblance
of a niouetar system.
A branch of the Bank of British Co
lumbia will be opened in Portland soon
under the management of Edwin Rus
sell. J. W. Call and Miss Elizabeth Hart
were married yesterday by Rev. Air.
Walker, in Clarke County. WashinB
ton Territory. John Beavert. of t'lack
anias 'County, and Mary Ann Miller, of
Washington County, were married June
3 at the home of the bride's parents by
Justice J. P. Taylor.
The Umatilla Advertiser is surprised
to learn that Oregon should import
lumber when this state has such a
quantity. True, we have a great quan
tity and our exports, which are now
$200,000 in this lino, will increase when
tho ttatc is further developed.
The printers of The Oreconian estab
lishment aro grateful to Mr. Williams,
of tho White House, for a supply of
rich, excellent, ripe berries cuKivated
on his grounds.
The thermometer reached 92 in the
The wanton destruction of tho gar
den and shrubbery in the grounds of
Harvey Hodge, by cattlfl running at
arste in the city, is proof onuuKh tnat
tiie time is past for allowing cattle at
large in this city.
Horace Greely, in a late issue of the
Tribune, has explained his opposition
to the deulli penalty for crime. He is
sues the explanation to charges of "sen
timentality" which have been hurled
Training an Office Boy.
Employer (to office boy) William, I
have business out of town this after
noon, and may be detained several
hours. If anybody should call Of
fice Boy There ain't no ball game to
day, Mr. Spotcash. Employer (liyeins
him sternly) I said nothing about the
ball game, William. However, my bus
iness is such that it can wait until
some other day. That will be all Just
Few Japanese Well-to-Do.
Oakland (Cal.) Tribune.
Of the 52,985,000 inhabitants of Ja
pan proper, only about 5 per cent may
be classed as well-to-do.
Link Youir Window to
When the retailer links his window
to newspaper advertising ho has an
unbeatable business builder.
Let the manufacturer advertise
his product in the newspapers and
it is the cue to alert storekeepers
to Ket busy.
They display the g-oods that are
being advertised and make them a
magnet to their own store doors.
They make their windows speak
the same invitation as the news
And they profit as they work.