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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 3, 1915)
THE MOKMXG OREGONIAN. THURSDAY, JUNE 3, 1913.
MEXICAN FACTIONAL' LEADERS WARNED BY WILSON, AND TYPICAL SCENE IN MEXICAN TOWN.
PROMPT PEACE III
11 A. M. to
11 P. M.
at 11 A. M.
Leads in Photo Plays
President Wilson Gives Faction
Leaders Brief Time to
End Their Conflict.
Largest and Grandest Theater On the Pacific Coast
jilt . :: -y.y " i . . l
AMERICAN PATIENCE ENDS
I allure of Armed . Organizations to
Knd StriXe Will Be 1'ollowed by
United States Deciding on
Means to Bring Quiet.
WASHINGTON. June S. The text ot
the announcement to the American peo
ple, in which President Wilson today
made known his attitude toward Mex
ico, was as follows:
-For more than two years revolu
tionary conditions have existed in Mex
ico. The purpose of the revolution was
to rid Mexico of men who ignored the
constitution of the republic, and used
their power in contempt of the right ot
its people, and with these purposes the
people of the United States instinctively
and generously sympathized. But the
leaders of the revolution in the very
hour of their success, have disagreed
and turned their arms against one
"All professing the same objects, they
are, nevertheless, unable or unwilling
to co-operate. A central authority at
Mexico City is no sooner set up than
it is undermined and its authority de
nied by those who were expected to
'.Mexico is apparently no nearer a
solution of her tragical troubles than
she was when the revolution was flrst
kindled. And she has been swept by
civil war as if by Are. Her crops are
destroyed, her fields lie unseeded her
work cattle are confiscated for the use
of the armed factions, her people flee
to the mountains to escape being drawn
into unavailing bloodshed and no means
seems to see or lead the way to peace
and settled order. There is no protec
tion either for her own citizens or for
the citizens of other nations resident
and at work within her territory. Mex
ico is starving and without a govern
ment. "In these circumstances the people
and Government of the United States
cannot" stand indifferently by and do
nothing to serve their neighbors. They
want nothing lot themselves in Mex
ico. Least pf all do they desire to set
tle her affairs for her, or claim any
right to do so. But neither do they
wish to see utter ruin come upon her
and they deem it their duty as friends
and neighbors to lend any aid they
properly can to any instrumentality
which promises to be effective in bring
ing about a settlement which will em
body the real objects of the revolution
-constitutional government and the
rights of the people.
'Patriotic Mexicans are sick at heart
and cry out for peace and for every
eelf-sacrif ice that may be necessary to
procure it. Their people cry out for
food and will presently hate as much
as they fear every man in their country
or out of it who stands between them
and their daily bread. -
"It is time, therefore, that the Gov
ernment of the United States should
frankly state the policy which, in these
extraordinary circumstances, it ' be
comes its duty to adopt. It must
presently do what it has not hitherto
done or felt at liberty to do, lend its
active moral support to some man or
group of men, if such may be found,
who can rally the suffering people of
Mexico to their support in an effort
to ignore, if they cannot unite, the war
ring factions of the country, return to
the constitution of the republic, so lon&
in abeyance, and set up a government
at Mexico City which the great powers
of the world can recognize and deal
with, a government with whom the pro
gramme of the revolution will be a
business and not merely a platform.
I therefore publicly and very solemnly
call upon the leaders of factions In
Mexico to act, to act together and to
act promptly, tcr the relet and re
dempton of their prostrate country. J
feel it to be my duty to tell them that,
if they cannot accommodate their dif
ferences and unite for this great pur
pose within a very short time, this Gov
ernment will be constrained to decide
what means should be employed by the
United States in order to help Mexico
save herself and serve her people."
YAQCIS BEYOXD AlXi CONTROL
Mexicans Curious to Know What
Americans Will Do About It.
DOUGLAS, Ariz., June 2. So far as
Sonora, Mexico, is concerned. President
"Wilson's warning to the Mexican chiefs
to join in the establishment of peace is
rot expected to have much effect, for
the reason that the Yaqui Indians are
beyond all control and have proclaimed
an independent government of their
own. hat the United btates will do
in their case is a matter of curiosity
to Mexican leaders of all factions, who
are wholly unable to cope with them.
For 30 years prior to the outbreak
of the Madero revolt in 1911, Sonora
was more or less under military law,
owing to the turbulence of the Yaquis,
who had been despoiled of their rich
lands in the Yaqui Valley on the west
coast of Mexico by Pornrio Diaz.
These lands have passed rh large
areas into the hands of Americans and
other foreigners. Revolutionary lead
ers of various political affiliations have
won temporarily the support of the
Yaquis by promises of the restoration
of the lands. As fast as they failed to
redeem these promises, the Yaquis
turned against them. The last man they
supported was Jose Maytorena, Gov
ernor of Sonora and Villa leader. Lately
the Indians rebelled against him, set
up an independent nation and declared
war on all Mexicans.
Z DUEKTA OFFERS SUGGESTION
Ex-Dictator Sajs No Party Can Win
i That Is Allied With Foreigners.
NBW YORK, June 2. General Vic-
i torlano Huerta, ex-Provisional Presi
i, dent of Mexico, after he had read Presi-
dent Wilson's note regarding the situ-
X stion in Mexico, today issued the lol
lowinjr signed statement:
"As a foreigner, enjoying the hos
f pitality of a foreign country, I should
5 not criticise nor even discuss state-
nients of the Government or officers of
the foreign country i live in. uui i
7 may say mis:
7 "Any foreign country that is sincere
and honest in its endeavor to help our
nation would commit the biggest blun
V der by giving its moral support or as
?elstance to any person or faction.
n "Such actions, instead of bringing the
I results desired, would have the oppo
"The Mexican nation as a whole will
"$ never accept any such party, even if it
"would only be suspected that that party
t received any help from a foreign coun-
"Our people will never stand for any
government inspired by foreigners, no
"matter how humanitarian or noble the
'motives of such foreign nations ap
pear to be."
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La: A ""ii? I if flf f f r .r Bkfci i
N uv-1 - M - hi f ten ;
. A-1 .- " 5 - "- - t :
FACTIOUS GET NOTES
Wilson to Support Force That
Gives Promise of Peace.
MADERO CABINET REVIVED
Vorms of Law to Be Obeyed by Rec
ognition of ex-Minister of Jus
tice; Xentral Policy of United
States Is Now Near End.
( Continued From First Page.)
thousands of exiled Mexicans who were
driven from their country by the Con
stitutionalists expressed their approval
of the President's plan but doubted
whether the Villa and Carranza and
Zapata elements could reach an agree
ment. The possibility of another revo
lutionary movement to take under its
standard the best elements in the Villa
and Carranza ranks was widely dis-
Foreign Nations Approve.
Foreign nations have been taken
into the confidence of the United States
and those European diplomats who
would express themselves indicated
their approval of the change in the
Mexican policy of the Administration.
In South American circles it was de
clared today's statement was a logical
development of last year's mediation
conference at Niagara Falls, when the
United States, together with Argentina,
Brazil and Chile, signed a nrotonoi
agreeing to recognize the government
set up by agreement of the factions.
After reading President Wilson's
statement, Enrique Llorente, head of
the Villa agency here, issued the fol
"The convention government, of
whose military forces General Villa Is
commander-in-chief, was created in the
very spirit-in which President Wilson's
declaration was written, but unfortu
nately, many of those who have under
taken to support and maintain that
government failed in adherence to their
pledges. Since then General Villa has
on numerous occasions signified a de
sire to reach an accord with those who
are opposing him, even expressing a
willingness to eliminate himself en
tirely from the situation should occa
sion seem to to demand.
Villa's Co-operarloa Promised.
"General Villa certainly will give the
most serious, attentive and practical
consideration to any friendly sugges
tion reaching him from President Wil
son, whose unselfishness of purpose he
well understands and fully appre
ciates." Orders tor the American troops along
the border to co-ooerate with the Red
Cross in getting food supplies to starv
ing Mexicans probably will be issued
at the War Department this week as
a result of a conference late today be
tween resident Wilson and Miss
Mabel Boardman. Miss Boardman
asked that the President direct that
facilities be afforded at Army posts for
the storing of food supplies collected
throughout the country pending their
distribution in Mexico. He indicated
his purpose to take the question up
with Secretary Garrison immediately.
Brigadier-General C. A. Ievol, of
the quartermaster's department of the
Army, who is acting as general man
ager of the Red Cross, will proceed
south and arrange details with Major
General Frederick Funston, commander
of the border troops.
Food to Be Sent From North.
Because of interruption of communi
cation between Vera Cruz and Mexico
City it is understood efforts will be
made to get food to the old capital
from the northern border.
State Department advices today said
there was no communication between
Tampico and Panuco, where Villa
forces ure operating, and that petro
leum companies feared if ' the trans
portation were not restored soon the
petroleum would overflow the storage
tanks and run into the river. Two hun
dred Mexican employes of the Standard
Oil Company were reported on a strike
at Panuco. t
Another report 'received today an
nounced the issuance of a Villa decree
establishing courts of justice in the
Villa territory effective May 24.
The Carranza agency gave out a
cablegram from Vera Crux saying that
General Carranza today signed an order
allowing1 the introduction of all supplies
into Mexico City and that food was be
ing furnished on request in every lo
cality controlled by Carranza forces.
BERNSTORFF WANTS PEACE
fContlnued Krom Kirst Page.)
country, coupled with a report of his
While the Administration realizes
Top (Left to IUst CarrMEa, Zapata
and Villa. Middle Starving; People
Before Army Food Depot. Below
fully that the Ambassador's activities
are all of his own volition, and there
was no evidence tonight that any one
in authority puts much faith in the out
come, the result of the Ambassador's
efforts will be awaited with great in
terest. Skepticism- has been growing daily
since the German reply was received
and the Ambassador's White House
conference failed, to offset any of this
During the 20 minutes that the Pres
ident and the Ambassador sat face to
face in the Blue room there was no
consideration of technicalities or of
the smaller questions which Germany
has endeavored to inject into the situ
ation. The President, in a clear, frank man
ner, impressed on the Ambassador that
the United States is not trifling with
Germany and will not permit Germany
to trifle. The issue is clear-cut and
plain. He Insisted that Germany must
meet that issue and that the sooner
the answer is made the better pleased
this Government will be.
Persons who are close to the Am
bassador appear to be satisfied that
the President made a tremendous im
pression upon him. It generally is be
lieved In official circles that the most
worried man in Washington during the
last few weeks has been the German
Ambassador, because he has only re
cently eome to the realization of the
fact that there are in this country no
such thing -as "German-Americans"
since the National honor has been as
sailed. It is believed that at other periods he
advised the German government that
it would be impossible to induce the
United States to go to war, and that he
wiU now use the State Department
facilities for the purpose of counteract
ing this impression. Immediately on
leaving: the White House he returned
to the embassy and began the prepara
tion of a message which will be sent
to Berlin without delay.
KERWX WAITS EXPECTANTLY
Trustworthy Indications of Ameri
can Attitude Still Unavailable.
BERLIN, via London, June 3. The
officials of the government and the
general public are waiting expectantly
on the American developments in the
exchange of notes between Germany
and the United States respecting the
Lusitania expectancy which is
deepened by the fact that no trust
worthy, indications regarding the
American attitude on the German
answer are yet available here.
The German Foreign Oftice is unable
to communicate with Count von
Bernstorff, the Ambassador at Wash
ington, except by wireless in plain
language, and even thus mode of com
munication is uncertain during period
when the static conditions of the at
mosphere are unfavorable.
Reports which reach the newspapers
are regarded with suspicion, not only
because they come through exclusively
British channels, but on account of
their contradictory character. In the
meantime soma of the more aggressive
German newspapers and writers, have
launched abusive articles against the
United States and President Wilson's
policy, but the press and publio gen
erally seem desirous of avoiding any
thing which might increase the tension
between the two governments while
the German note is under considera
tion. -In this they are acting in complete
accord with the Foreign Office, which
apparently is sincerely desirous of-pre
serving friendly relations with the
United States, and deprecates any pub
lication which would tend to inflame
the feelings either in Germany or
RAID STARTS REJOICING
Germans at Zeppelin Center Cele
brate First Aerial Attack on London.
GENEVA, June 2. There was great
rejoicing yesterday at Fnednchshafen
the headquarters of the Zeppelin bal
loon works on Lake Constance, the
town being gaily decorated with flags
in honor of the first aerial attack on
London proper. Many congratulatory
telegrams were received by Count Zep
AMERICANS IN PERIL
Steamship Captain Says Six
Have Just Been Slain.
Oil Fields Wliere Assassinations Oc
curred Are Under Villa's Con
trol, but Both Sides Arc
Held Equally to Blame. .
HOUSTON, Tex., June 2j Captain
Oscar Lane, of the steamship Winifred
from Tampico, which docked here to
day, says he "positively knows of six
American citizens whowere killed near
Tampico in the last few days." John
Smith, an engineer for the East Coast
Oil Company, he said, was assassinated
in a rowboat last Saturday. He added
he feared a Eeneral uprising ana mas
sacre of Americans in and near the
'Panuco nil fields.
After detailing the several instances
of which he said be had knowledge.
CaDtain Lane made this statement:
If conditions are not cnangea aown
there soon, I believe all Americans will
be driven out of the district. There
seems to be a general feeling there
against all citizens of the United States.
One side is no more to oiame man me
Oae Shot From Ambus.
While Captain Lane said he had
"positive knowledge" of circumstances
surrounding the death of six Ameri
cans, he knew the name oi oniy one.
"John Smith was shot from ambush,
he said. "Two men were killed a few
days ago in a puciping plant in the oil
fields and three others were killed at
lilffcrent noints along the river."
Captain Lane said he understood that
the American consul at lampico naa
all the facts in regard to the various
assassinations and that. full details had
been sent to the State Department at
Washington, mo ou rieios are iooui
20 miles up the river from Tampico
and are under control of the Villa
forces. Tampico is controlled py war
Oil Men Driven From Field.
Officers of six oil companies oper
ating in the Panuco fields which have
offices here were asked today if they
had information that any of Mheir
men had been killed. Ail aeniea sucn
R. F. Brooks, president of one of the
companies, said his company, however,
had not been able to move a barrel of
oil for a month out of the Panucof ield.
"Conditions have been bad for
weeks," he said. "The Mexicans have
taken a number of our boats and have
driven most of our men out of the
VIEW ONLY PERSONAL
WALSH DOES NOT SPEAK KOR IN
Harris 'W'elnatock Makes Statement In
Coaaeetioa Wit Controversy Over
CHICAGO, June' 2. Harris Weln
stock, member of the Federal Commis
sion, on Industrial Relations, said to
night that "until the Commission meets
to ift the results of its investigations,
no one can speak with authoriy of its
findings as a body."
Mr. Weinstock is on his way home to
San Francisco from a recent meeting
of the Commission in Washington. He
was in Chicago a few hours and was
asked about the recent statement from
Frank P. Walsh, chairman of the Com
mission. Mr. Walsh was credited with
saying, in relation to the controversy
that has arisen between John D. Rocke
feller, Jr., and W. Mackenzie King, of
the Rockefeller foundation, and Mr.
Walsh, over labor conditions in Col
orado, that the Commission had found
Mr. Rockefeller blamable for the situ
ation that obtained as a result of the
coal miners' strike.
In this connection Mr. Weinstock
made this formal statementt
"While every member of the Com
mission reserves to himself the right
and bas.the privilege of eaying what
ever he lpleases, be can speak only for
himself on matters relating to the Com
mission, and for no one else. The Com
mission has not, as yet. reached any
findings or decided on any recommend
ations; therefore, no one is authorized
or can speak officially for the Commia-
The Charming' and Popular
A Masterpiece Photo Play of
Before the WAR!
sion, and the utterance of any Indi
vidual member must be treated purely
as his own opinion."
J915 Corvallls Class Is Largest.
mRVALLlS. Or.. June 8. (Special.)
Forty-eight pupils will graduate from
the Corvallls Hisb School rnday evening-
of this week. This is the largest
TKe Sins of a
Father Visited on the Son
is the central idea in that world-famous masterpiece
of romantic fiction '
From the pen of the famous literary genius, Henrik
Ibsen. This powerful dramatic -story made into a
five-part film play will positively be shown at this
theater by an all-star cast, headed by Henry B.
Walthall and Thomas Jefferson. You will be held
spellbound from start to finish. See it at the
Today, Friday and
West Park and Alder
Portland's Popular Photo-Play House
TODAY AND BALANCE OF WEEK
The Beautiful Broadway Star
In a charming picturization of a merry romance of impetuous
A comedy that will delight discriminating audiences.
11:30 A. M.
Produced in New Orleans
by a Superb Cast
Other Big Features3
BY PEERLESS ORPHEUM ORCHESTRA
class In the history of the Corvallis
High School, the class last year having
been next largest in size and that num
bered 38. The baccalaureate sermon
was preached to the class last Sunday
by Dr. J. C. Rollins at the Methodist
Church of this city, and each evening
of this week a programme is given by
various departments of the High School.
Thursday is class day.
1 10c j
to 11:30 P. M.
Open Daily, Noon to 11 P. M.
TODAY, FRIDAY, SATURDAY.
Something 'New in Filmdom
RUTH ROLAND AND HEMRT
In Series of Plays on the Vital
Questions of Iite.
Each drama complete in itself
and, with "Life" as the Piper,
you are made to really wonder
Depicting in bold style the
consequences which follow the
defiance of social conventions.
The House of a
Witty, Clever, "Different Kind" of
Comedy, With Rosemary Theby.
Oxford to Windsor
Pathe Color Motion - Picture Trip
Up the Beautiful Hiver Thames.
Miss Dorothy Daphne Lewis
In Popular Song- Review.
National's Master Musicians.
Vive-Act Metro Special.
Written by Hallie Erminie Hives,
and a Sensation.
Stars Orrln Johnson.
OTHER SPUENDID FEATURES.
Makers of Ihr Highest GrcAelurhsh
and Egyptian Ggcrettes in the Uctrifl?
While a Ionian shouldn't marry for
money, some of ihuse who wed for love
have to take in washing, and that Isn't coa
ducive to Higher Thought.