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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 24, 1915)
THE MORNING OREGONIAN. MONDAY, MAY 24, 1915.
WAR DECLARED BY
ITALY ON AUSTRIA
Formal Notification Is Deliv
ered in Vienna and First
t Skirmish Is Reported.
PATROL IS DRIVEN BACK
Italian Residents in Territory of
Unfmj Are Being Hunted and
Kate of 600 Who Left Trieste
Is Still Unknown.
i ''ontinurrt From First Pape.)
Vienna dispatch to Reuter's Telegram
Company, sent by way of Amster
dam. TF.XT OP DECLARATION GIVEN
Austria-H nngary Accused of Violat
ing Treaty of Alliance.
AMSTERDAM. May 23. via London.
May 24. A dispatch from Vienna says
the Italian Ambassador to Austria, the
Duke of Avarna, today presented to
Baron von Burtan. the Austro-Hun-garlan
Minister, the following- declara
tion of war:
"Vienna, May 23. 1915. Conformably
with the orders of His Majesty, the
King, his august sovereign, the under
signed Ambassador of Italy has the
honor to deliver to His Excellency,
the Foreign Minister of Austria-Hun-Kry.
the following communication:
'Declaration has been made, as from
the fourth of this month, to the Im
perial and royal government of grave
motives for which Italy, confident In
her Rood right, proclaimed annulled
and henceforth without effect her
treaty of alliance with Austria-Hungary,
which was violated by the im
perial and royal government, and re
sumed her liberty of action In this re
spect. "The Rovernment of the Kins, firmly
resolved to provide by all means at
its disposal for safeguarding Italian
rights and interests, cannot fail in its
duty to take against every existing
and future menace measures which
events impose upon it for the fulfill
ment of national aspirations.
"His Majesty, the King, declares that
he considers himself from 'tomorrow in
ti state of war with Austria-Hungary.
"Tho undersigned has the honor to
make known at the same time to His
Excellency, the Foreign Minister, that
passports will be placed this very day
at the disposal of the imperial and
royal Ambassador at Rome, and he
will bo obliged to His Kxeellency if he
will kindly have his passports handed
TEIt'KOK IIE1GXS IN TRIESTE
People Abandon Houses and Btilld-
Injrs Arc Being Sacked.
XT D INK, Italy, via Paris, May 23.
Terror roiyns among the inhabitants
of the Austrian seaport of Trieste, ac
cording to reports received here.
Houses have been abandoned by the
people and some buildings have been
sacked. Police and soldiers are said
to be in control everywhere in the
An unknown person in the night suc
ceeded in climbing the dome on the
Basilica of San Giusto, the loftily-situated
cathedral in Trieste, and planted
the Italian tri-color at the top. Aus
trian gandarmes were engaged Tor
several hours this morning removing
Fugitives from Austria continue to
arrive at Ddlne by hundreds.
RUSSIANS ARE REPULSED
CZAR'S TROOPS TAKE OFFENSIVE
EAST OF JAKOSIiAU.
(rrmanii Report Capturing 2800 Pris
oner), in Baltic Province South
rant Zone Reported Quiet.
VIENNA, May 23. Russian attacks
to the cast of Jaroslau and along the
Upper Dniester River in Galicia, were
repulsed yesterday with great loss to
ilio invaders, according to the Austrian
official announcement published today.
The text of the statement follows:
"There is no change in the general
"Russian attacks cast of Jaroslau
and on the I'pper Dniester were re
pulsed with great losses to the enemy.
"The Russians also failed in a new
attempt to cross the Pruth, near Bo
jana and east of Czernowitz.
"During battles in the hill country
in the region of Kielce 180J Russians
were taken prisoner."
BERLIN, via London. May 23. The
War Office today issued the following
"In the vicinity of Shavli we attacked
the Russian north wing and defeated it.
taking 1600 prisonors and seven ma
chine guns. An enemy counter-attack
by night failed.
"On tho Dubysa River strong Rus
sian night attacks against the line
Mlviule-iemlgola were repulsed, 1000
prisoners remaining in our hands.
"South of Niemen River an enemy
night attack to the north of Pilwisckl
"In the southeastern theater there is
nothing to report."
POLAND'S LOSS ENORMOUS
Damage Directly Inflicted by War
Reaches Half Billion.
WARSAW. May 7. (Correspondence
of the Associated Press.) The amount
of damage directly inflicted upon Rus
sian Poland by the war up to January
1 is estimated at 1.014,668.000 roubles
($.-.07,334,000) by the Polish central
citizens' committee, which has Just fin
ished a thorough investigation of
Poland's losses. Of this amount 60S
767.000 roubles 1349.383. 500) is called a
direct loss, and 31S.001.000 roubles
($157, 950. SOP) is attributed to damage
sustained indirectly during the course
of the war.
In the occupied portion of Poland
27.000 large and 10,000 small estates are
in various stages of destruction, from
seuperficial defacement and mutilation
to complete ruin. The damage done to
furniture and other movable property,
excluding livestock, amounts alone to
51,800.000 roubles (25. 000.000). The
loss in buildings is 47.500,000 roubles
($23,750,000); livestock 156.069,000
roubles ($78,034,000); grain 141,763,000
roubles ($70,881,500); the loss in de
stroyed timber 31.680.000 roubles ($16.
840.000). More than 3.000,000 roubles'
worth of dairies and an equal value of
distilleries are a total loss.
AUSTRIAN-MONTENEGRIN FRONTIER, WHICH WILL FIGURE
ANEW IN WAR SINCE ITALY HAS ENTERED CONTEST.
751-" -if-T ;-fK!MiG- fi-SSUp i 1
Map Shows FortrMs of Cattero, One of
Mountainous Mature of Border.
II NATIONS AT WAR
Italy's Entry Is Result of Pop
ular Clamor for Conflict.
PEACE PARTY IN SECLUSION
Declaration of Hostilities Against
IVrnier Allies Marks Failure
of Diplomatic Efforts Con
tinuing Many Months.
The entrance of Italy into the world
war. which began last August, brings
the number of states engaged in the
conflict up to 11. Italy, allied with
Germany and Austria-Hungary since
1882 in the triple alliance, was called
on last Summer shortly after the assas
sination of the Austrian archduke, heir
to the throne, at Sarajevo, Bosnia, to
support the Oermanic empires. She de
clined and there began a series of dip
lomatic negotiations which soon re
solved themselves Into efforts on the
part of Germany and Austria-Hungary
to induce Italy to remain neutral.
Prince von Buelow. an astute German
statesman whose wife is an Italian wo
man, was sent to Rome with Instruc
CHRONOLOGY OF CHIEF EVENTS OF WAR TO DATE.
PROGRESS OF THE3 PAST W EEK.
May 21 British Cabinet reorganized as result of differences
brought about by war. Germans capture Riga, Russian Baltic port.
May 23 Italy declares war against Austria-Hungary.
EARLIER EVENTS OF THE WAIL
June 28, 1914 Grand Duke Francis Ferdinand, heir to Austrian
throne, and his wife assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia, as result of
July 23 Austria Ha ultimatum to Serbia: 28. Austria declares war
on Serbia. Russia mobilizes against Austria: 29, Austria bombards Bel
grade; 31, Germany demands that Russia demobilize, Belgians and Ger
mans order mobilization.
August 1 Germany declares war on Russia; 3, German troops enter
Belgium; 4, Great Britain, sends ultimatum to Germany demanding re
spect for Belgian neutrality; Germany declares war on France and
Belgium; Great Brltaindlares state of war exists with Germany;
6, Austria declares war "on" Russia; 7, French enter Alsace: 10, France
declares war on Austria; 12, Montenegro declares war on Austria, Great
Britain announces state of war exists with Austria; 15, Japan sends
ultimatum to Germany demanding that she withdraw ships and exacu
ate Kiau-Chau, China; 17. Belgian capital moved to Antwerp; 20, Ger
man army enters Brussels; 23, Japan declares war on Germany; 25,
Austria declares war on Japan; 28, British fleet victor in sea fight in
Heligoland - Litht, Germany losing cruisers and torpedo-boat de
stroyers. September 5 Great Britain, France and Russia sign agreement to
make no peace save together; 21, German submarine U-9 sinks Britisa
cruisers Cressy, Ilogue and Aboukir in North Sea.
October 9 Antwerp capitulates to German forces; 17, four German
destroyers sunk by British cruiser in North Sea; 20, Japanese occupy
Ladronne Islands, in Pacific Ocean; 27, British Buper-dreadnought Au
dacious, third, in tonnage and armament in British navy, sunk by tor
pedo or mine off north coast of Ireland; 31, Turks annex and invade
Egypt; German submarine sinks British cruiser Hermes.
November 1 British, squadron defeated by German fleet off Chilean
coast; 3, Great Britain and France formally announce state of war
with Turkey; 7, Tslng-Tau, German stronghold in China, falls; 10, Ger
man cruiser Emden destroyed by Australian cruiser Sydney: 26, British
battleship Bulwark blown up and Sunk near mouth of Thames from ex
plosion of own magazine,
December 8 German commerce destroyers Scharnhorst, Gnelsenau.
Leipslc and Numbers destroyed off Falkland Islands by British fleet.
Cruiser Dresden escapes; 16. German fleet raids east coast of England,
Hartlepool, Scarborough and Whitby bombarded.
January 1, 1913 British battleship Formidable sunk In English
Channel by German submarine; 19, German fleet of airships raid Sand
ringham and other cities in England; 24, German cruiser Bluecher sunk
and three sister ships damaged trying to raid English coast.
February 12 British fleet of 34 aeroplanes raids German bases in
Belgium; 18, German submarine blockade of British waters begins; 19,
Great Britain justifies use of United States flag by British merchant
vessels; 23, Kaiser and all Germans go on limited bread allowance; 25.
Anglo-French fleet begins bombardment of Dardanelles forts; 26, Boers
invade German Southwest Africa.
March 1 Great Britain declares absolute blockade; 4, allies' fleet
bombards coast of Smyrna; Germans offer to recede from "war zone"
policy if permitted to import food 10, arrival at Newport News of
German raider Prinz Eitel Friederich discloses she sank United States
ship William P. Frye in South Atlantic January 28; 15, German cruiser
Dresden sunk after attack by British squadron In Chilean harbor, Bri
tain declares blockade against all shipping to and from Germany: 16,
British liner flies American flag; 17, German Consul arrested at Seat
tle on charge of trying to buy submarine information, German cruiser
Karlsruhe unofficialy reported sunk by hitting reef in December; 18,
two British battleships and one French battleship sunk by mines while
bombaidlng Dardanelles: 21. Zeppelins raid Paris; 22, Russians capture
Przemysl, Galicia. and 120,000 Austrlans; 24, members of German cruis
er Emden'3 crew raid Dutch colony port: 28. American and 117 other
passengers die when German submarine sinks British liner Falaba,
April 2 Great Britain establishes Dlockade against cablegrams re
garding business of enemy nation; 4. Glfford Pinchot. special repre
sentative of United States in Belgium, expelled by Germans; United
States refuses to admit right of British embargo on foodstuffs for Ger
many; 9, German note declares United States is lax in regard to neu
trality; 11, German commerce raider Kronprinz Wilhelm slips into
Newport News, Va., later interning; 13, Italy agrees to support Ser
bia's claims to outlet to sea; 14, German aircraft make three-day
raid on English towns; 19. two Turkish destroyers sunk by Russian
mines at entrance to Bosporus; 22, United States replies that Ger
man charges of lax neutrality are groundless; 25, allies land armies
on both sides of Dardanelles; 28, French cruiser Leon Gambetta sunk
by Austrian submarine.
May 2 American steamer Gulflight sunk without warning by Ger
man submarine, three deaths resulting; British destroyer and two Ger
man torpedo-boats sunk in North Sea. 7, British liner Lusite.nia sunk
without warning by German submarine, about 1400 lives being lost.
Including 140 Americans: 10, German government expresses regret over
deaths of Americans on Lusltania; 13, President Wilson demands
reparation of Germany for deaths of Americans on Lusitania and other
torpedoed vessels; British battleship Goliath sunk by torpedo in Dardanelles.
From the London Times.
Strategic Points In Balkan States, and
tions to do his utmost to save the sit
uation. He labored indefatigably for
months, but in vain. He offered Italy
certain parts of Austrian territory as
the price of her neutrality, but her
answer was always:
"It is not enough." It now appears
that Austria did not really believe that
Italy would enter the field against her.
In the meantime there had arisen in
stantly a war party led by "Irreden
tists" which made its voice heard in
do uncertain terms. Dispatches from
Rome for months past have indicated
that the sentiment for active participa
tion in the war was stronger by far
than that on the side of continued neu
trality. The Cabinet of Premier Salandra re
signed early in May. This was the
sign for violent demonstrations in many
of the important cities of the kingdom,
all in favor of war. A wave of patriotic
fervor swept the country and the people
were loud in their demands for a begin
ning of hostilities. Troops had to be
called out to maintain order, but every
body and everything which represented
continued neutrality was denounced and
decried. Even relatives of King Victor
Emmanuel were hooted, and there was
talk of revolution. The Emperor of
Austria-Hungary was burned in effigy
in Rome and ex-Premier Giolitti. leader
of the pacificists, was driven into se
clusion. These evidences of the popular de
termination had their effects. The an
nouncement was made that the min
istry of Premier Salandra would con
tinue in office, whereupon there was
instant calm throughout the countiy.
Having gained their point, the people
quieted down as quickly as they thad
risen to voice' their determination, and
turned their faces to await the call
A girl who marries tor a home Is paying
too much rent.
Throngs Happy in Rain Final
Day of Florence Rhodo
PLANS FOR NEXT BEGUN
Year Too long to Walt and Other
I'etes Are Being Arranged, for
Railroad Is There and City
Is Summer Resort.
FLORENCE, Or.. May 23. (Special.)
The eighth annual Rhododendron
Carnival, the greatest celebration in
the history or the Siuslaw, Is over. Next
year's plans are greater, but the com
mittee is not to wait until next year.
"We'll celebrate the arrival of the
rails at Acme," declared W. H. O'Kelly,
of the committee. "They'll be there in
two months. We're going to celebrate
for the Eugene Elks, who plan to hold
their high jinks on the beach this Sum
mer. The railroad's here; we can cele
brate whenever we want.
"Before the end of the Summer we'll
have motor trucks and buses to shoot
the crowds straight from the railroad
to the beach. The County Court has
promised us a bridge across the Siuslaw
this Summer. We'll build that plank
road to the ocean."
Florence Summer Resort.
"Florence Is a summer resort. The
railroad is planning Sunday excursions.
It will advertise our beaches, our lakes,
our fishing andiunting. just as it does
Newport and Seaside. Plans are pre
pared for a beach hotel, bath houses
and a dancehall.
Members of the celebration commit
tee today spent the entire morning
looking over the north beach, to' be
called Heceta Beach, where this devel
opment is planned.
Rain did not stop the celebration of
the third day of the festival. The big
steel train arrived from Eugene again
this morning earlier than yesterday,
for the engineer had orders to "open
her up" from the tunnel to the end of
the line. The barge loads of people
moved down the river as they did yes
terday and this afternoon they carried
the throngs to the seashore for the
No one seemed to notice the rain.
Everyone was wet; no one so much as
Portland Motorcyclist Winn.
Bob Stevens, of Portland, on a Har-ley-Davidson,
attained a speed of more
than 78 miles an hour on the hard sand
beacli at low tide this morning, accord
ing to the announcement of the timers
and judges. His ride was the feature
of the racing programme. Stevens won
first place in both races. Casteel, on
a Pope, and an "unknown" rider from
Marshfield on an Excelsior, won second
and third, respectively, in the first race,
and Waggoner, on a Harley-Davidson,
won second, and Smith, on a Pope, won
third in the second race.
The crowd flocked back to Florence.
Special boating parties were made to
the jetty, where crabs were caught at
low tide and merriment continued until
the excursion boat left at 6 o'clock,
closing the three days' celebration. '
INTERNED BRITISH STUDY
HOLLANDERS PERMIT VMVERSITV
Several Other Pumults are Provided
and 'Absence of Class Distinction
Is Amazing to Dutch.
LONDON, May 6. (Correspondence
of The Associated Press.) Rev. A. A.
Pfanstiehl, of Chicago, who is in Hol
land giving a series of lectures on the
United States, sends the following ac
count of his visit to the internment
camp at Groningen, Holland, where
the men of the Britieh Naval Brigade
have been interned since their retreat
from Antwerp over the Dutch border.
"The men are fortunate in being
placed in Groningen. It is an old uni
versity town, and soldiers can profit by
the privileges of the ' university class
rooms, which are open to tliem with
"The camp is thoroughly organized.
Large barracks, low wooden buildings,
have been erected on an open plain.
There is a large recreation hall Near
by, in another building, there are shops
of all kinds, where the men can employ
themselves usefully at carpentry, wood
carving, tailoring. shoemaking. hair
dressing, tent and net making, or knit
ting and weaving. The men all wear
wooden shoes, to which the Dutch
quickly accustomed them.
"The camp is in charge of a Dutch
commandant, with whom I had a long
conversation. 'They are a remarkably
representative crowd." he told me. 'Her
you have university graduates and
men of wealth and influence alongside
miners, sailors, fishing lads and fac
tory hands. All this is strange and in
teresting to us Hollanders, who are
strictly democratic in theory, yet in
practice take a much stricter account
of class distinctions than do these Eng
lishmen. But I have been noticing the
effect, and find that the mingling of
the classes is helpful; it certainly has
a profound influence on the charac
ters of the men, and they learn to un
derstand and respect one another.
" 'The relation of the two clergy
men to the men is also a marvel to us
Dutch. They even direct their sports!
See, there goes the young preacher now
in football togs, to take part in a
match. It could never be done in Hol
land. It seemed strange to us at first,
but after seeing its practical working,
I think it's the right thing." "
ITALY READY FOR BLOW
(Continue From First Pare.
the problem concerning the diplomats
accredited to the. Vatican has been
solved satisfactorily. The Austrian
and German diplomats, ignoring the
situation in Italy, will depart as if they
were merely taking their Summer va
cations before the regular time. It
had been urged by some that the Ital
ian government move energetically
with respect to these diplomatic repre
sentatives and by others that the Vat
ican resist any effort to force them
to withdraw. These extreme measures
failed and thus the law of guarantees
From Germany come reports that
considerable resentment Is felt in of
ficial quarters there against what is
alleged to be the obstinacy of the
Austrian diplomacy, which is held to
be responsible for the failure of the
negotiations with Italy initiated by
Prince von Buelow, the German Am
bassador. The suggestion had even
been made that Austria should be left
a one to fight Italy, but pledges taken
ty the German general staff and by
the German Emperor personally with
Emperor Francis Joseph resulted in
the triumph of those advocating Aus-tro-German
solidarity, even in a new
war against Italy.
Enemy Concentrates 800,000 Men.
About 800.000 Bavarians and Hun
garians have already been concentrat
ed against Italy, Austria insuring
them commissariat service.
Although Field Marshal Baron Con
rad von Hoetzendorff, chief of staff
of the Austrian army, had prepared
fer many years for a possible outbreak
of war between Austria and Italy, the
belief is held here that the campaign
will be conducted by the German gen
eral staff, which it is said has planned
a strong offensive movement against
Italy in the hope of breaking the
Italian lines and forcing their way
into Italian territory, thereby arous-
IIOW 1T4LVS ENTRY INTO WAR
FLEET OF ALLIES.
With Italy's entrance Into the
war the distribution of the battle
f 1 e e t 8 of the warring nations,
omitting Japan, assumes the fol
lowing aspect in the four most
important sea areas, reckoned in
battleship and armored cruiser
units, and taking into full ac
count those which have been lost:
Mediterranean and Adriatic.
Great Britain..' 10
Austria - Hungary. 13
Great Britain 58
Germany (also for
Germany (also for
North Sea) 41
Italy also has 12 battle cruisers.
It will thus be seen that In the
with a total of only 18 battle
ships (pre - dreadnaught, dread
naught and super - dreadnaught)
and armored cruiser units faces
the allies with a total of 81. In
the North Sea Germany, with a
total of 45, is facing Great
Britain and France, with a total
In the Baltic, where Germany's
theoretical force is the same as it
is in the North Sea. owing to the
Kiel Canal, she may operate her
full units against Russia's ten,
while in the Black Sea the
strength of Russia and Turkey is
Although the latter has the ad
vantage of the German battle
cruiser Ooeben and the protected
cruiser Breslau, she is otherwise
handicapped by obsolete or re
ing alarm and strengthening the feel
ing favorable to peace.
Austrian Defenses Sironc.,
Should such an attempt fail, through
the resistance of the Italian army, the
Austrians and Germans would then
have to resort to defensive measures
against a certain invasion. The Aus
trian defenses are particularly strong
and have been constructed everywhere,
even along the Dalmatian coast, which
is already protected by fixed and
floating mines and guarded by a dozen
submarines carrying German officers
The Austrian fleet is centered at
Pola, with only a few torpido-boats
and destroyers at Cattaro and Spalato.
Other Austrian warships are in the
Dalmatian Archipelago, on the north
east coast of the Adriatic Sea. Mili
tary authorities here do not consider
it likely that the Austrian fleet will
leave Pola unless forced to do so by
an Italian attack.
PRICELESS FORESTS RAZED
Great 'Woods in Northern France
Kali Lndcr Artillery lire.
BAR-LE-DUC. May 6. (Correspond
ence of the Associated Tress.) The
splendid forests of the Argonne, as well
as those of the Alsatian slopes of the
Vosges Mountains and of the Woevre,
are being gradually razed by shell and
shrapnel fire. Of the majestic pines
that covered these heights there remain
only hacked and blackened stumps and
a wild tangle of fallen trunks.
Germans and French have co-oper
ated in thus devastation, but the greater
destruction is credited to the intense,
concentrated fire of the three-inchers
and six-inchers that alone could dis
lodge underground German fortresses.
There is said to be abundant evidence
that all the ground had been carefully
plotted and the ranges taken by the
Germans before the battles. On many
occasions French detachments follow
ing obscure paths unknown to any but
the woodmen of the region, fell a prey
to the tire of German gunners, for
whom there seemed to be no secrets in
tho thickets of the Argonne. Against
the advantages of preparation the
French had but one resource to a com
plete unheaval of the entire ground by
concentrated artillery fire.
If tho French succeed in driving the
Germans finally into the open, the
priceless forests of the entire region
of the Argonne, trom Bar-le-Duc north
will exist no more.
WAR RECORDED BY FILM
German Government Has More Titan
20,000 Views of Phases.
BERLIN, May 6. (Correspondence of
the Associated Press.) No history that
ever will be written about the great
world war now raging will be quite as
complete and striking as the huge col
lection of photographs, bearing on every
conceivable phase of the conflict, that
is being made by the general staff of
the German army.
Already more than 20,000 reproduc
tions that range from soldiers In the
trenches to wounded men in the hos
pitals have been gathered together and
filed away for present or future refer
ence. The collection is constantly grow
ing, and requires a staff of men to keep
In order and supervise.
This pictorial record of the war I
the finer beoause the government is
able, through the rules which it lays
down to all photographers who go to
the front, to secure a copy of every
picture that is made, by amateurs or
The general staff, therefore, has been
able to pick and choose for its own gal
lery the cream of everything pictorial
that concerns the war, and has acquired
not only accurate and interesting rep
resentations, but photographs that in a
great many cases are artistic in the ex
CASTOR I A
For Infants and Children.
Till Kind Yea Kara Always Bought
f : 'feV . .aw." .V s
I ' V":., 1 -i Sr
i - 1 y.
Special entertainment feature this week "I Want to Go Back to
Tokio," sung by Miss Marjorie Hardy and girls in costumes that add
charm to the song. Also Sig. 1'ietro Marino and his orchestra of
" Ye Oregon Grille "
Hotel Oregon, Broadway at Stark.
Chas. Wright, Pres. M. C. Dickinson, Man. Director.
When in Seattle stop at Hotel Seattle We own it.
ALL ROUTES GIVEN
Rural Free Mail Docket Is Now
Cleared by Department.
STILL MORE ARE SOUGHT
Alternate Day Service at Hundred
of Places Knablcs IMabliohment
Along Lines Into Wlilcll Post-maslcr-Gcncral
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. May 20. The Postoflice De
partment, according to a recent an
nouncement, has authorized the estab
lishment of every rural free delivery
route for whicn a petition had been
filed. Most of me new routes author
ized will go into operation June 16,
and by tho same token, practically all
of the new routes have been estab
lished on a tri-weekly basis; that is to
say, the patrons will receive their
mails on alternate days, Sundays being
This is tho first time since the in
auguration of rural service that the
Postoffice Department has "cleared its
docket," so to speak, and this accom
plishment was made possible only by
giving tri-weekly service, which en
abled the Postmaster-General to cut
the salaries of carriers to half the
standard fixed by Congress.
Alternate-Day Service Solution.
It will bo recalled that during the
last session of Congress the Postmas
ter-General tried in vain to placo the
rural free delivery service ,i a con
tract basis, contending that if that
were done a large saving to the Gov-
rnrnent would be effected. His con
tention was thrown to tho winds, and
when Congress failed to pass the post-
office appropriation bill, but continued.
b;- resolution, the appropriations of the
past year, it went out of its way to
raise the maximum pay of rural car
riers to 11200. with fixed gradations,
according to the length of routes. It
provided, however, that where service
was on a tri-weekly basis, tho carriers
should be paid half the legal rate of
At first the Postmaster-General con
tended that the appropriations would
be insufficient to enable the depart
ment to establish any new rural routes.
He made tho assertion that all the ap
propriations for the rural service were
used up last year, and therefore, with
the same appropriation for the new
year, he could not establish any new
routes. Kxperts outside the depart
ment, however, who were familiar with
the records, quickly demonstrated, and
demonstrated publicly, that the depart
ment had ample funds to establish
several hundred new routes and went
so far as to calculate the number of
new standard routes tliat could be op
erated with the money made available
Other Itoutrs Are Sought.
Under this prodding, the I'ostinaster-
Gcneral had the situation examined.
nd the result lias been that several
hundred new routes have been or soon
will bo established, and twice the num
ber ordinarily possible because the new
routes are to be run at half cost, by
reason of the tri-weekly service. More
than that, some of the old daily routes
s i;' SNX.
Proud Old Assiniboinc
overlord of peak, glacier and avalanche in The Caurtadian
Rockies, neighbor to BanfT, with its Hot Springs Hotel, luxur
iously up-to-date, solid in home comforts.
Everything Canadian Pacific Standard Nonm Better. Make the
Canadian Pacific Hotels your borne this summer. Drive, ride,
tramp, climb mountains, canoe, play golf and tennis.
Balfour GlacierField Lake Louise Banff
Spend yonr vacation In these
Canadian Pacific Railway. For
ouuiiiei mo. 112.
J. V. MURPHY-. O. A. P. D., Canadian Pacific Railway
55 Third St., Portland, Oregon
Col. W'm. F. Cody,
will be given an informal recep
tion tonight at
after the evening performance
of his show. Portland will have
an opportunity that has rarely
. been accorded any other city of
meeting close to hand and
listening to one of the most
famed warriors for deeds the
world has ever known.
have been put on a tri-weekly basis
Lyen when all this has been done
with a fund which Mr. Burleson at
first contended was inadequate for tho
then existing service, the l'otofflro
Department is now hunting for new
localities where rural service Is needed,
but where no petitions have been filed.
Postmasters In localities where the mail
service is not now -tdequate have been
instructed to report to the department
whether the establishment of new rural
routes in their vicinity woul: be desir
able, and on these reports even more
routes are soon to be put into oper
ation. OAKS CROWDED IN RAIN
JINX FOLLOWS MIL CIIRDRil, HIT
3ooo i'i:itsos ii;kv it.
New Attractions at Amusement Park
t.rt Much Attention Sho, t.lvm
In Oprn-AIr Auditorium.
Along in 1889 John F. Cordray was
buiMing a theater. Curd ray's Theater,
on Third street. The first auIicnce was
in tho house before the roof was on.
There came a sharp shower of rain. l'i
went umbrellas and people stayed t-
watch the show.
The rain Jinx is still Imvering over
Mr. Cordray. for at the Oaks Amuse
ment Park yesterday the skies fairly
wept. But the rain failed to terrify the
pleasure-seekers. who wandered all
over the park in blissful unconcern.
Anl it was a rare sight to wee crowd
ed cars tear round the blue streak, witu
the occupants hanging desperately on
to the parapluics; same thing with the
Rodeo, and in fai t all over the park.
Of course the show was covered in
the open-air auditorium and Nat-on an.l
his band gave admirable concert!-,
while the Boston Troubadours orTercd a
plea.sing musical show "A Spanish So
norita." Wide Interest was shown in tiie new
attr.-K'l Ions at the park. and. judging by
the fact that more than o000 persons
visited the Oaks in the rain and during
the afternoon, ihrre is every indication
that the "Coney I.sland of the West"
will have n prosperous se;iso.i.
DR. BLAKE ILL IN PARIS
.Man Who .Married Mrs. Mackay
Overworkcil in Trenches.
r.VRl.S. May 2S. (Special. ) Dr. Jo
seph Blake, who married Mrs. Clar
ence Mackay, has been confined to his
bed for the last fortnight as the re
sult of an Infection of the foot. Dr. B.
Newbauer, who operated on Dr. Blake's
foot, told a correspondent today th.it
Dr. Blake is doing well and will bo
able to return to his work within a
Dr. Blake had been somewhat run
down because of overwork with the
ambulance and hence Ihc infection
gained a better hold than If he had
been in bin uoial strength.
A Social, Fraternal, Beneficial
Fociety for men and womn. Four
plans of Insurance t.a.-eii upon
adequate rates, and backed by a
surplus of nearly one million dol
Isrs. 20 lodKes In Portland. Over
11.000 member in Orcgoiv Let us
tell you about it- I'lione Main
c. I. M'K
B2t Drrk Bids-. 1'ortlanal. Ore.
cool summer places. Reached by the
full particulars, call or write for