f VOL. T.V.- XO. 16,997. PORTLAND, OREGON, 3IONDAY, MAY 17, 1915. TRICE FIVE CENTS. o NSIST ii Correspondent Sees No Sign of Wavering. WEAPON REGARDED AS VITAL Mews of British Riots Tends to Stiffen Backbone. EARLY REPLY PROBABLE Von Wlcgantl sajs Friendly Tone of American Xote Is Appreciated, but Xo Deviation From Pol ley Is Xow Contemplated. f BT KARL H. VOX WIEOAND. Special stuff corespondent of the New Tork World. Copyright, 1915. by the Press I'uhlishing Company. By special cable. Pub lished by arrangement.) BERLIN, May 15, via Hague, May J 6. Germany will not deviate one iota from its submarine warfare against Great Britain. That can be forecast us the answer to President Wilson's rote. The answer will be couched in the politest language and frikndllest terms, and will breathe the most cordial tplrit toward Amer ica, but none the less that will be the answer unless there Is a change in the mind in responsi ble governmental circles within the next two or three days. I am holding no brief for Germany, but am giving- the situation as it is here. President Karl li. Vea Wlcissd. Wilson's note arrived about 10 o'clock last night. Ambassador Gerard per sonally delivered it to Foreign Min ister von Jagow between 10 and 11 today. Government to Hold Conference. "It is understood here that the note has been published in America, but it has not yet been made public. here by the Foreign, Office. I understand that it will be given to the press simul taneously with the text of the answer, after the latter has been delivered In Washington. I am reliably informed that the Answer need not be expected before Tuesday or Wednesday and will not be drawn until a conference or council has been held on the American note and the character of the reply decided upon by such a conference of the gov ernment. Friendly Tone Appreciated. The cordial and friendly tone of the note has made a good impression, and there is no doubt of President Wilson's pood intentions and earnest desire that the relations between America and Ger many continue cordial And friendly. This wish, I was told, is being fully reciprocated here. None the less, any hopes held by President Wilson that Germany will disavow the sinking of the Lusitania other than express regret at the loss of lives of non-combatants, or any expec tation that Germany will give up her submarine warfare on British merchant ships is almost certain to be doomed to disappointment and it would not be helping the situation to arouse or trengthen such a hope in America. Cam pais- t Not to Be Abandoned. Anythirg that America asks that can be construed into meaning that Ger many shall discontinue her present sub marine policy will be regarded solely es equivalent to asking Germany to Fdve up Us best chances of winning the war so far as Great Britain is con cerned, and Germany will refuse, be the consequences whatever may be. "Cannot the American people realize that Germany Is at war with Greit Britain, not with America?" said a high official to mo tonight. "Cannot your people realize that we are fighting for the very existence of Germany? Have your people absolutely no considera tion whatever for us? Powerful Weapon Desired. "Is it not enough that no nation In liiBtory was ever assailed by as many enemies as we are fighting, that your Government should seek to restrain us from using one of our most powerful weapons? "If Germany has to refuse your wish, It will not be because of indifference to America or a desire to flout the American people, but because we must preserve our country and people." The papers today again published long accounts of the rioting and mal treatment of Germans in Great Britain, which is tending to stiffen Germany's backbone Btill more. PENNSYLVANIA HAS SNOW Half-Inch Ice Also Forms on Lake With Heavy Storm. ALLENTOWN. Pa., May 16. (Spe cial.) Automobile parties returning tonight from Fosono Lake, Monroe County, report a heavy snow storm there early today, continuing for more than an hour. The ground was covered, when snow turned to sleet, which fell the greater part of the day. Ice half an inch in (sickness formed. - GERMANY MAY I H CIIDMA0IMC1 un uuummiuiL iimi AMERICANS GATHER TO FIGHT YAQUIS INDIANS THREATEN TO REIliKX TO ATTACK ESPKKAXZA. Colonists Are Concenpating and Re quest Is Sent Vnited States Cruiser for More Guns. ON BOARD U. S. S. COLORADO, off Lower California, by Radio to San Diego, May 16. Radio advices received today by the cruiser Colorado, en route to Mexico, said that fighting between Yaqul Indians and American colonists near Esperanza, Sonora, had ceased, all Indians having left the Yaqul Valley. They left word, however, that they in tended to return. This information came from Superin tendent Smith, of the Richard Con-f-truction Company, a large land-holding corporation in the Yaqul Valley. He said he had held a conference with Captain Magruder of the cruiser Raleigh at Guaymas last night. According to the message from Smith, the Americans at all times have had access to the railroad, but refused to leave. They intended, it was said, to concentrate their forces at a point about 10 miles west of Cajeme. To prepare for the threatened return of the Indians, they had asked the commander of the Raleigh, the radio gram said, for the loan of 100 rifles, and a machine gun with ammunition. The gunboat Yorktown reported to day its arrival at Manzanillo and said that railroad communication between Colima and Manzanillo was entirely suspended. MRS. TARK11MGTQN WEDS Ex-Wife or Author Marries Man Ten Years oYunger Than She. WASHINGTON, May 16. (Special.) Mra. Louise Fletcher Tarkington, wife ol Booth Tarkington, author and playwright, was married to WiUard Connelly, a magazine writer of New York. The age of the bride was given as 36 and that of the groom as 26. The bride belongs to one of the old est and most prominent families of Indianapolis, her father being Stough ten Fletcher, of the well-known bank ing firm. She is wealthy in her own risht. She has one daughter. ' The divorce proceedings which sepa rated the Tarkingtons was one of the sensations of Indianapolis . society. The allegation suggested incompati bility. .Mr. Tarkington did not fight the wife's application and paid her the highest compliments at the time the legal separation was granted. Afte the divorce Mr. Tarkington soon re married. BAKER CLUB IS PLANNED People In Theatrical Profession to Organize Tonight. At a meeting tonight at 11:30 o'clock in the Baker Theater, the Theatrical Boosters' Club will be put under way, in the interest of George L. Baker's candidacy for City Commissioner. The club was formed last week by members of the local branch of the Theatrical Mechanical Association, who, acting individually, have taken an interest in Mr. Baker's campaign. The Theatrical Mechanical Association, as an organization, does not take an active part in politics, but the mem bers who have worked with Mr. Baker say they want to take an active in terest in the campaign, inasmuch as their close association with .him as co worker and in his position as em ployer warrants it. There are 400 or 500 persons connected with the thea rlcal business in Portland. The meeting tonight after the thea ters have closed will be open to men and women alike. HARRY CARR IS ACQUITTED Courtroom Slayer Freed of Murder of Daughter's Assailant. WENATCHEE. Wash., May 16. (Spe cial.) Harry Carr. after a trial lasting five days, was acquitted Saturday of charges of murdering C. D. Franklin. The jury returned the verdict in less than an hour. Mental irresponsibility, or temporary insanity, resulting from continued worry and grief over Frank lin's outrage on Oarr's small daughter was the contention or tne defense. The closing arguments lasted from 10 until 4 o'clock, when the case was given to the Jury. The argument for the de fense consisted of advancing the "un written law" and appealing to sym pathies of the jury. Carr Is under conviction for murder in the second degree for the murder of Juror Parsons In the courtroom at Cashmere during Franklin's trial. CIVIL GUARD NICKNAMED British Past Military Age Playfully Dnbbed "Methusaliers." LONDON. May 1. The new national guard, composed of civilians past the army age or otherwise unfit for service. has been dubbed the Methusaliers by Londoners, in playful reference to the age of its material as well as the imi tation of the popular name for rifle regiments, the fusiliers. However, the Methusaliers are not tc be laughed out of doing their duty. They drill at least two nights a week, as well as on Saturday afternoons and Sundays. The men wear a uniform of dark green, regulation cut. and a red sleeve band with the black letters G. meaning "Georgius Rex." Auditor Barbur Will Speak. Auditor A. L, Barbur will address the revenue and taxation department of the Oregon Civic League at luncheon Tues day noon in the college rqom of the Hazelwood. on the old method and the the new method of issuing bonds. Tax payers and all interested are invited. Itoot Prays In Lieu of Pastor. ALBANY. N. Y.. May 8. When the constitutionalist convention met, it was found that no clergyman was present to offer prayer. Former Cnited States Senator Klihti Hoot, who is president of the gathering, invited the delegates to pray with him, BUSINESS IS ABLE TO BEAR WAR STRAIN Impetus Expected if Conflict Results. FINANCIAL POSITION SOUND Nation Could Supply Itself and Also Help Allies. MONEY RATES NOW LOW Commerce Experts Believe Country Ready for Any Eventuality and See No Prospect of Dimin ished Commerce. CHICAGO. May 16. (Special.) Whatever may be the outcome of this country's diplomatic dealings with Ger many, it is the opinion of many au thorities that Dusiness at home will not suffer curtailment. In fact, it is expected, that inaustry would receive enormous Impetus should war be de clared. The great base of supplies is in the United States and the requirements of Great Britain. France and Russia will grow no smaller if the United States is drawn into the conflict. This country's own necessities will be great if the trouble comes. To supply everything that would be wanted should tax the maximum capacities of every manufac turing industry in the land. "War Biisstness" Increasing?. Business has not been affected ap preciably since the Lusitania tragedy, except in the case of perhaps a few new projects which were developing at the time of the incident. These trans actions are of a financial nature and probably will be halted temporarily. Activities in what may be termed the "war business" of the country are larger than at any previous time. More contracts have been received, for mu nitions and ' supplies and production on former orders has continued to gain as it has in each week since these purchases became heavy. Merchandising reports more uniform ly agree as to increasing demand of consumers. The weather has been a stimulating influence in the reduction of stocks, drygoods jobbing being not ably active. There have been no com plaints from any quarter and collec tions remain easy. Bank Clearlnsra Grow. Bank clearings for the country last week were $314,645,971, exceeding those of the corresponding week a year ago by 2.05 per cent, and compared with $303,515,973 for the same week in 1913. These are the evidences of trade gains which go to show that the busi ness status of the Nation has not been seriously disturbed by recent interna tional complications. Credits are not' being disturbed, and the banks of the country are in the easiest position in their history. Money rates have not changed and are low (Concluded on Pape 3, Column 1.) i imPIA w Art INDEX OF TOWS NEWS The Weather. YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 1 degrees; minimum, SO degree. TODAY'S Showers; cooler norm and east porllons; southerly winds. War., Portland girl fails In first effort to become British war nurse. -Page 5. British make drive into German line. Page S. Karl K. von Wlegand says German reply will insist on right to pursuo submarine policy. Pago 1. France clearing out its base hospitals in an ticipation of great offensive. Page 2. Transylvania changes route; Is expected to make Glasgow today. Page I. Mexico. Americans concentrate to fight Yaqui In dians. Page 1. lomestlc. Industrial Relations Commission publishes letters showing John 1. Rockefeller. Jr., suggested matter for use by Colorado Governor In letter to Wilson. Page 1. United States financially able to bear strain of war and aid allies, too. If necessary. Pago 1. Sports. Pacific; Coast League results: Oakland 8-4. Portland 7--; Ssan Francisco t-5. Venice 5-4; Los Angeles 5, Salt Lake 4. Page H. Carl Mays pitches and hits Kcd Sox to vic tory in 14-lnning shutout. Page 10. Maroons and West Siders win in City League. Paso 10. Finance and Industry. Effect of operation of reserve banks ex plained by A. L. Mills to bankers. Page S. Extension of postal savings bank service pro posed. Page e. Portland and Vicinity. Congregation applauds as minister makes plea for peace. page 9. Engagement of singer to childhood suitor announced and "finding" uC Portland composer told. Page 14. Mr. Daly's figures used to disprove his statements about meters. Page 0. Inclusion of Juvenile Court work In public school system proposed. Page 9. Officers on steamship Colusa writes interest ing account uf passage through canaL Page 11. Portland girls wll "bum" way to San Fran cisco. Page 11. Miss Sybil Baker adds materially to her lead In race for Hose Festival Queen. Page 14. New movies at Portland theaters entice. Page 7. German-speaking people of Portland declare loyalty to America first. Page 14. Telegram . Indicates Empress not to close. Page 2. Rev. George Waters, full-blooded Indian chief, preaches sermon in street- Page 11. H. M. Lornsten, secretary of Fishermen's Union, replies to Collector Burke. GERMAN PRESS REGRETFUL Loss of American Lives on Lusitania Deeply Deplored. BERLIN, May 16. By wireless to Sayville, N. Y.) The Overseas News Agency today gave out the following: "The whole German press, particu larly the Cologne Gazette, the Frank fort Gazette and the Berlin Tageblatt, deeply regrets the loss of American lives caused by the sinking of the Lusi tania. "The Tages Zeitung and other news papers say that the responsibility rests with, the British government, which, attempting to starve the peaceful civil ian population of a big country, forced Germany, in self-defense, to declare British waters a war zone; with ship owners who allowed passengers to em bark on an armed steamer carrying war material and neglected German warnings against entering the war zone; and, finally, with the Knglish press, which ridiculed Ambassador von Bernstoff's warnings, calling them a gigantic bluff and thereby preventing passengers from canceling their pass age. - i "Heartfelt sympathy is expressed by the German press and public for the victims of the catastrophe and their relatives." AIRMEN RAID RAMSGATE Forty Bombs Dropped on English Town, Three Are Injured. RAMSGATE, Eng.. May 17. An air raid occurred here early this morning. (-About 40 bombs were dropped. So far as has been ascertained three persons were injured. WHERE MIGHT IS RIGHT? PARIS PREPAY TO FIGHT PLAGUE Coming of Summer Brings New Peril. SHALLOW GRAVES ARE MENACE Science Awakened, but It Is Realized People Must Help. INOCULATION IS URGED Importance of Unrelenting War on Ilyussfly Emphasized Smaller Countries AlrcadySuffer Terrible Ravages. BT CAROLYN WILSON. (Copyright, 115. by the ChicaRO Tribune. Published by arrangement with the Tribune.) PARIS, April 3. Warm weather is arriving and with it the fear of pesti lence and plague. For there are hun dreds of thousands of soldiers on the fields of Compeigne and Soissons. barely buried under the earth, and there are others still wholly unburlod. In little still waters of creeks and rivers. So, now. Paris begins to fear death in a thousand vile, creeping fwms not the sudden, brave death of the battlefield, but death which seeks out the child in the family, the mother waiting for her husband to come home; death which will dishearten the soldiers more than lost battles or de feats. Fevers Already Common. Of course, it is greatly to be hoped that, with the strides that science has made in the last 25 years, there will not be a repetition of those terrible, devastating epidemics which have fol lowed in the wake of great wars. Everything that can be done to pre vent it is being done. But the people themselves must help; Already , typhoid, typhus and spotted fever are common enough to make them feared as warmer weather advances. Notices have been issued by the authorities telling the inhabitants to boil their water us soon as warm weather is really here. Yesterday there was a new injunc tion posted all over town to be revac clnated. Also with the notices telling the young .class to get inoculated against typhoid was advice to the peo ple remaining in the cities during the Summer to have the same treatment. People Waraed Against Files, The local government board of Great Britain has issued an official warn ing to the people, telling them that the root of the campaign for health lies in the extermination of the house hold fly. This insect carries the germs of the most deadly forms of epidemics, and where it is permitted to breed dis ease will be rife. Here in Paris Dr. Elie Mctchnikoff, the celebrated bacteriologist and sub director of the Pasteur Inutitute, gave out a like statement. Everything poa- (Conluded on Page r. Column 4.) CLACKAMAS RAPIDS TAKE BOATSMAN EDWARD DEWITT BLLIKVKD TO 1UVK LOST LlFi: IX 1UVKU. Lighthouse Keeper Sees Occupant of Motorboat Hurled Into Whirl pool Xo Trace Is Found. OREGON CITY, Or.. May 18. (Spe cial.) Edward DeWitt, 1002 Ellsworth street, Portland, is believed to have been drowned in Clackamas Rapids to day, when he was catapulted from his disable motorboat. A. J. Hobble, lighthouse keeper at the rapids, saw the man thrown from the boa.t as Mr. DeWitt dropped an anchor to check the craft in its careening course through the whirl pool and notified M. A. Mogone, who made a search of the river, but was unable to find any trace of Mr. DeWitt. Mr.. DeWitt had been fishing near the park. lie left his coat on the bank and started out for a cruise in the boat, when it became disabled and started through the rapids. He dropped anchor and was thrown overboard. A card found in the coat asked that Mrs. Charles DeWitt, 1002 Elsworth street, be notified in case of accident. G0EBEN IS REPORTED HIT Petrograd Sajs Former tiermaii Cruiser Was Badly Damaged. PETROGRAD, via London, May 16. The following statement was issued to day at the War Office: "The Goeben, which fired' 200 shells at the Russian fleet while it was bom barding the Bosphorus, without scoring a single hit, was herself obliged to re turn to the Golden Horn with a hole in her hull,-stopped up with collision mats. "A portion of her main deck was torn away and a funnel was damaged. Many of her crew were killed or wounded." The warship referred to in the fore going is the Turkish cruiser Sultan tfelim, formerly the German cruiser Goeben. She was turned over to the Turks, with the German cruiser Bres lau. last Fall. The Sultan Sellm had been engaged in several battles with the Russian fleet and on half a dozen occasions was reported to have been damaged by shells or mines. LINER'S SAILING TEARFUL St. Louis Carries 00 Americans, Be side Britons Going to Fight. NEW YORK. May 16. SieciaL) There was weeping on the decks of the St. Louis during the last hour be fore she sailed Saturday. Despite the fact that she is an American liner, those who came down to see off pas sengers thought of the submarines that lurk in St. George's Channel and tears fell without restraint as visitors said farewell to the voyagers. The St. Louie carries 365 cabin pas sengers, of. whom only 90 are Ameri can citizens. The rest are Britons go ing home to fight. She has 713 pas sengers in all. Among those who sailed was Mrs. Leslie Carter, who is booked as Mrs. Leslie Dudley. Sunday's War Moves THE King of Italy has refused to accept the resignation of Slgnor Salandra. and the Premier and bis whole war cabinet retains office. This, it is confidently believed in other European capitals, foreshadows the al most immediate entrance of Italy Into the circles of belligerents on the side of the allies. Action, however, may'be delayed un til the meeting of the Chamber of Dep uties on Thursday, when the Premier will announce his policy and will re ceive the support of a majority of the Deputies. ' Should the expected action of Italy materialize, the allies will be in a bet ter position than ever to launch their big offensive movement against Aus tria and Germany, which is being pre ceded on the western front by a series of attacks furnishing a foretaste of what is to come. Hardly had the German attacks on the British lines around Ypres ex hausted themselves and the French of fensive to the north of Arras showed signs of coming to an end than the British became the aggressors to the north of La Bassee and the French and Belgian troops began their attempt to throw the Germans back from the Yser Canal. These attacks, according to the French official account, which, how ever, does not agree with that from Berlin, were successful and again com pelled the Germans to counter-attack the most costly of all siege operations in warfare. Infighting at both points is still in progress, as well as in Arlois, where the French added a further slight gain to those made dur ing the week. These gains combined constitute the biggest forward move ment of either army in the west since the battle of the Marne. There does not appear to be much change in the general position in Gaii cia. although the Austro-German ar mies have been able to make an addi tional advance by, the withdrawal of the Russian rear guards, which have been holding off the victorious troops until their own armies could set into new positions behind the San River. This territory promises to be the scene of another big battle, for the Russians. strongly reinforced, will make a desperate effort to stem the tide which has been running so strongly against them. In tho Russian border provinces, along the East Prussian frontier, iso lated engagements are occurring. In which buth sides say they have the advantage. REBELS WITH THREATEN ARMY LISBON 3000 Troops Prepare to Storm City. MEN ARE LEO BY GENERAL Portuguese Advices Say Civil War Is Threatened. STREET BATTLES CONTINUE Losses, by Desultory Fighting and Bombardment of Capital Are Be lieved Large Kevolution arles Define Policy. BADAJOZ. Spain, via Paris. May 16- The latest news received here from Portugal Is to the erfect that a general of the Insurrectionary party, commanding 3000 troops, is now outside Lisbon preparing to storm tho city. MADRID, Spain, via Pari.. My 16. Complete anarchy reigns in Lisbon, ac cording to news reaching Madrid to night. Fighting in the streets con tinues between the mutineers and the loyal troops. Tho bombardment was stopped last nie.ht. owing to u lack of ammunition. The number of persona killed or wounded Is said to have been consid erable. Many building were burned snd the homes of known loyalists pil laged. Premier Dato announced today that the Spanish battleship Espani would arrive at Lisbon tomorrow to protect Spaniards and other foreigners. Ho added that It was probable that an other warship would be dispatched to Portuguese waters. Civil War la Predicted. Dispatches from Vigo announce that Portuguese people arriving there de clare that the uprising is the, begin ning of civil war in Portugal. Reports from Oporto are to tho effect that the revolutionists in that city have been placed in Jail and thut the civil author tics have been over the reins of gov ernment to the military. The where abouts of President da Arrlaga is still unknown. Special dispatches assert that the up rising is not a monarchical movement, but one organized in protest by the party of Dr. Affonso Costa, ex-Premier, against recent measures of the govern ment. Mating Warships Spreads. It Is declared also thai mutinies oc curred among the crews of several of the Portuguese warships. PARIS, May 16. A Havas dispatch from Lisbon contains the proclamation Issued by the revolutionary committee in Lisbon. It says: "We are going to restore the republic to the republicans. We demand a na tional government and consequently It ought to be republican. We shall adopt no party feeling because we wish all republicans to be united for the dignity of the country and Uie salvation of the republic. Violence .Vol Advised. "We do not advise violence or reprisals. Our energy docs not preclude generosity for the vanquished. It is the province of the national govern ment alone to execute measures for patriotic defense. All may rely upon its honor and Its patriotism." Another Havas dispatch from Lisbon says the revolutionary committee as sembled aboard the battleship Vasco de Gama and deliberated on the des ignation of a national government and the choice of ministers. The cabinet, it is said, probably will bo presided over by Jao Chagas, who will alfo have the portfolio of Minister of thd Interior. The other members probably will be Fernando Costa, former Minis ter of Marine; Duarte Lelle, former Minister of Finance; Brazillo Telles, former Minister of Finance, and Paule Falco. The Republicans at Cintra, near Lis bon, have taken over the government. The Journal Omundo, of Lisbon, says the revolutionists there were prevent ed from posting a decree upenrilnx the civil guarantees. It adds that al! banks and commercial houses have been closed. BARNES MAY SUE AGAIN Libel Suit Not to ISest If Jury Should Fail to Agree. SYRACUSE, N. Y., May J 6. (Spe cial.) It became known today that William Barnes. Jr., intends to bring a fresh suit against Colonel Roosovelt if the Jury In the present trial dis agrees. He will not be satisfied to let the Issue between him and Colonel Roosevelt drop. No matter how expensive the pro reeding may be and It is estimated that the case in the first hearing will have cost Mr. Barnes and Colonel Roosevelt together about 130,000 Mr. Barnes intends to continue the fight. The Colonel's probable attitude has not been so clearly indicated. It can be said, however, that in the event that Mr. Barnes receives a substauital award from the Jury, the Colonel will appeal. A small verdict, an award of a few tents or even of a few hundred I dollar for Mr. Harnc.". would be con sidered a victory for the defendant, as I alto a ditafciecuicnt would be.