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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 17, 1915)
VOL. T.V.- XO. 16,997.
PORTLAND, OREGON, 3IONDAY, MAY 17, 1915.
TRICE FIVE CENTS.
Correspondent Sees No
Sign of Wavering.
WEAPON REGARDED AS VITAL
Mews of British Riots Tends to
EARLY REPLY PROBABLE
Von Wlcgantl sajs Friendly Tone of
American Xote Is Appreciated,
but Xo Deviation From Pol
ley Is Xow Contemplated.
f BT KARL H. VOX WIEOAND.
Special stuff corespondent of the New
Tork World. Copyright, 1915. by the Press
I'uhlishing Company. By special cable. Pub
lished by arrangement.)
BERLIN, May 15, via Hague, May
J 6. Germany will not deviate one iota
from its submarine warfare against
Great Britain. That can be forecast
us the answer to President Wilson's
rote. The answer will be couched in the
politest language and frikndllest terms,
and will breathe
the most cordial
tplrit toward Amer
ica, but none the
less that will be the
answer unless there
Is a change in the
mind in responsi
circles within the
next two or three
I am holding no
brief for Germany,
but am giving- the
situation as it is
Karl li. Vea
Wilson's note arrived about 10 o'clock
last night. Ambassador Gerard per
sonally delivered it to Foreign Min
ister von Jagow between 10 and 11
Government to Hold Conference.
"It is understood here that the note
has been published in America, but it
has not yet been made public. here by
the Foreign, Office. I understand that
it will be given to the press simul
taneously with the text of the answer,
after the latter has been delivered In
I am reliably informed that the
Answer need not be expected before
Tuesday or Wednesday and will not
be drawn until a conference or council
has been held on the American note
and the character of the reply decided
upon by such a conference of the gov
ernment. Friendly Tone Appreciated.
The cordial and friendly tone of the
note has made a good impression, and
there is no doubt of President Wilson's
pood intentions and earnest desire that
the relations between America and Ger
many continue cordial And friendly.
This wish, I was told, is being fully
None the less, any hopes held by
President Wilson that Germany will
disavow the sinking of the Lusitania
other than express regret at the loss of
lives of non-combatants, or any expec
tation that Germany will give up her
submarine warfare on British merchant
ships is almost certain to be doomed
to disappointment and it would not be
helping the situation to arouse or
trengthen such a hope in America.
Cam pais- t Not to Be Abandoned.
Anythirg that America asks that can
be construed into meaning that Ger
many shall discontinue her present sub
marine policy will be regarded solely
es equivalent to asking Germany to
Fdve up Us best chances of winning the
war so far as Great Britain is con
cerned, and Germany will refuse, be the
consequences whatever may be.
"Cannot the American people realize
that Germany Is at war with Greit
Britain, not with America?" said a high
official to mo tonight. "Cannot your
people realize that we are fighting for
the very existence of Germany? Have
your people absolutely no considera
tion whatever for us?
Powerful Weapon Desired.
"Is it not enough that no nation In
liiBtory was ever assailed by as many
enemies as we are fighting, that your
Government should seek to restrain us
from using one of our most powerful
"If Germany has to refuse your wish,
It will not be because of indifference
to America or a desire to flout the
American people, but because we must
preserve our country and people."
The papers today again published
long accounts of the rioting and mal
treatment of Germans in Great Britain,
which is tending to stiffen Germany's
backbone Btill more.
PENNSYLVANIA HAS SNOW
Half-Inch Ice Also Forms on Lake
With Heavy Storm.
ALLENTOWN. Pa., May 16. (Spe
cial.) Automobile parties returning
tonight from Fosono Lake, Monroe
County, report a heavy snow storm
there early today, continuing for more
than an hour.
The ground was covered, when snow
turned to sleet, which fell the greater
part of the day. Ice half an inch in
(sickness formed. -
GERMANY MAY I
un uuummiuiL iimi
TO FIGHT YAQUIS
INDIANS THREATEN TO REIliKX
TO ATTACK ESPKKAXZA.
Colonists Are Concenpating and Re
quest Is Sent Vnited States
Cruiser for More Guns.
ON BOARD U. S. S. COLORADO, off
Lower California, by Radio to San
Diego, May 16. Radio advices received
today by the cruiser Colorado, en route
to Mexico, said that fighting between
Yaqul Indians and American colonists
near Esperanza, Sonora, had ceased, all
Indians having left the Yaqul Valley.
They left word, however, that they in
tended to return.
This information came from Superin
tendent Smith, of the Richard Con-f-truction
Company, a large land-holding
corporation in the Yaqul Valley.
He said he had held a conference with
Captain Magruder of the cruiser
Raleigh at Guaymas last night.
According to the message from Smith,
the Americans at all times have had
access to the railroad, but refused to
leave. They intended, it was said, to
concentrate their forces at a point
about 10 miles west of Cajeme.
To prepare for the threatened return
of the Indians, they had asked the
commander of the Raleigh, the radio
gram said, for the loan of 100 rifles,
and a machine gun with ammunition.
The gunboat Yorktown reported to
day its arrival at Manzanillo and said
that railroad communication between
Colima and Manzanillo was entirely
MRS. TARK11MGTQN WEDS
Ex-Wife or Author Marries Man Ten
Years oYunger Than She.
WASHINGTON, May 16. (Special.)
Mra. Louise Fletcher Tarkington,
wife ol Booth Tarkington, author and
playwright, was married to WiUard
Connelly, a magazine writer of New
York. The age of the bride was given
as 36 and that of the groom as 26.
The bride belongs to one of the old
est and most prominent families of
Indianapolis, her father being Stough
ten Fletcher, of the well-known bank
ing firm. She is wealthy in her own
risht. She has one daughter. '
The divorce proceedings which sepa
rated the Tarkingtons was one of the
sensations of Indianapolis . society.
The allegation suggested incompati
bility. .Mr. Tarkington did not fight
the wife's application and paid her the
highest compliments at the time the
legal separation was granted. Afte
the divorce Mr. Tarkington soon re
married. BAKER CLUB IS PLANNED
People In Theatrical Profession to
At a meeting tonight at 11:30 o'clock
in the Baker Theater, the Theatrical
Boosters' Club will be put under way,
in the interest of George L. Baker's
candidacy for City Commissioner.
The club was formed last week by
members of the local branch of the
Theatrical Mechanical Association,
who, acting individually, have taken
an interest in Mr. Baker's campaign.
The Theatrical Mechanical Association,
as an organization, does not take an
active part in politics, but the mem
bers who have worked with Mr. Baker
say they want to take an active in
terest in the campaign, inasmuch as
their close association with .him as co
worker and in his position as em
ployer warrants it. There are 400 or
500 persons connected with the thea
rlcal business in Portland.
The meeting tonight after the thea
ters have closed will be open to men
and women alike.
HARRY CARR IS ACQUITTED
Courtroom Slayer Freed of Murder
of Daughter's Assailant.
WENATCHEE. Wash., May 16. (Spe
cial.) Harry Carr. after a trial lasting
five days, was acquitted Saturday of
charges of murdering C. D. Franklin.
The jury returned the verdict in less
than an hour. Mental irresponsibility,
or temporary insanity, resulting from
continued worry and grief over Frank
lin's outrage on Oarr's small daughter
was the contention or tne defense.
The closing arguments lasted from 10
until 4 o'clock, when the case was given
to the Jury. The argument for the de
fense consisted of advancing the "un
written law" and appealing to sym
pathies of the jury.
Carr Is under conviction for murder
in the second degree for the murder
of Juror Parsons In the courtroom at
Cashmere during Franklin's trial.
CIVIL GUARD NICKNAMED
British Past Military Age Playfully
LONDON. May 1. The new national
guard, composed of civilians past the
army age or otherwise unfit for service.
has been dubbed the Methusaliers by
Londoners, in playful reference to the
age of its material as well as the imi
tation of the popular name for rifle
regiments, the fusiliers.
However, the Methusaliers are not tc
be laughed out of doing their duty.
They drill at least two nights a week,
as well as on Saturday afternoons and
Sundays. The men wear a uniform of
dark green, regulation cut. and a red
sleeve band with the black letters G.
meaning "Georgius Rex."
Auditor Barbur Will Speak.
Auditor A. L, Barbur will address the
revenue and taxation department of the
Oregon Civic League at luncheon Tues
day noon in the college rqom of the
Hazelwood. on the old method and the
the new method of issuing bonds. Tax
payers and all interested are invited.
Itoot Prays In Lieu of Pastor.
ALBANY. N. Y.. May 8. When the
constitutionalist convention met, it was
found that no clergyman was present
to offer prayer. Former Cnited States
Senator Klihti Hoot, who is president
of the gathering, invited the delegates
to pray with him,
BUSINESS IS ABLE
TO BEAR WAR STRAIN
Impetus Expected if
FINANCIAL POSITION SOUND
Nation Could Supply Itself and
Also Help Allies.
MONEY RATES NOW LOW
Commerce Experts Believe Country
Ready for Any Eventuality and
See No Prospect of Dimin
CHICAGO. May 16. (Special.)
Whatever may be the outcome of this
country's diplomatic dealings with Ger
many, it is the opinion of many au
thorities that Dusiness at home will
not suffer curtailment. In fact, it is
expected, that inaustry would receive
enormous Impetus should war be de
clared. The great base of supplies is in the
United States and the requirements of
Great Britain. France and Russia will
grow no smaller if the United States is
drawn into the conflict. This country's
own necessities will be great if the
trouble comes. To supply everything
that would be wanted should tax the
maximum capacities of every manufac
turing industry in the land.
"War Biisstness" Increasing?.
Business has not been affected ap
preciably since the Lusitania tragedy,
except in the case of perhaps a few
new projects which were developing at
the time of the incident. These trans
actions are of a financial nature and
probably will be halted temporarily.
Activities in what may be termed the
"war business" of the country are
larger than at any previous time. More
contracts have been received, for mu
nitions and ' supplies and production
on former orders has continued to
gain as it has in each week since these
purchases became heavy.
Merchandising reports more uniform
ly agree as to increasing demand of
consumers. The weather has been a
stimulating influence in the reduction
of stocks, drygoods jobbing being not
ably active. There have been no com
plaints from any quarter and collec
tions remain easy.
Bank Clearlnsra Grow.
Bank clearings for the country last
week were $314,645,971, exceeding those
of the corresponding week a year ago
by 2.05 per cent, and compared with
$303,515,973 for the same week in 1913.
These are the evidences of trade
gains which go to show that the busi
ness status of the Nation has not been
seriously disturbed by recent interna
Credits are not' being disturbed, and
the banks of the country are in the
easiest position in their history. Money
rates have not changed and are low
(Concluded on Pape 3, Column 1.)
i imPIA w Art
INDEX OF TOWS NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 1
degrees; minimum, SO degree.
TODAY'S Showers; cooler norm and east
porllons; southerly winds.
Portland girl fails In first effort to become
British war nurse. -Page 5.
British make drive into German line. Page S.
Karl K. von Wlegand says German reply will
insist on right to pursuo submarine policy.
France clearing out its base hospitals in an
ticipation of great offensive. Page 2.
Transylvania changes route; Is expected to
make Glasgow today. Page I.
Americans concentrate to fight Yaqui In
dians. Page 1.
Industrial Relations Commission publishes
letters showing John 1. Rockefeller. Jr.,
suggested matter for use by Colorado
Governor In letter to Wilson. Page 1.
United States financially able to bear strain
of war and aid allies, too. If necessary.
Pacific; Coast League results: Oakland 8-4.
Portland 7--; Ssan Francisco t-5. Venice
5-4; Los Angeles 5, Salt Lake 4. Page H.
Carl Mays pitches and hits Kcd Sox to vic
tory in 14-lnning shutout. Page 10.
Maroons and West Siders win in City League.
Finance and Industry.
Effect of operation of reserve banks ex
plained by A. L. Mills to bankers. Page S.
Extension of postal savings bank service pro
posed. Page e.
Portland and Vicinity.
Congregation applauds as minister makes
plea for peace. page 9.
Engagement of singer to childhood suitor
announced and "finding" uC Portland
composer told. Page 14.
Mr. Daly's figures used to disprove his
statements about meters. Page 0.
Inclusion of Juvenile Court work In public
school system proposed. Page 9.
Officers on steamship Colusa writes interest
ing account uf passage through canaL
Portland girls wll "bum" way to San Fran
cisco. Page 11.
Miss Sybil Baker adds materially to her
lead In race for Hose Festival Queen.
New movies at Portland theaters entice.
German-speaking people of Portland declare
loyalty to America first. Page 14.
Telegram . Indicates Empress not to close.
Rev. George Waters, full-blooded Indian
chief, preaches sermon in street- Page 11.
H. M. Lornsten, secretary of Fishermen's
Union, replies to Collector Burke.
GERMAN PRESS REGRETFUL
Loss of American Lives on Lusitania
BERLIN, May 16. By wireless to
Sayville, N. Y.) The Overseas News
Agency today gave out the following:
"The whole German press, particu
larly the Cologne Gazette, the Frank
fort Gazette and the Berlin Tageblatt,
deeply regrets the loss of American
lives caused by the sinking of the Lusi
tania. "The Tages Zeitung and other news
papers say that the responsibility rests
with, the British government, which,
attempting to starve the peaceful civil
ian population of a big country, forced
Germany, in self-defense, to declare
British waters a war zone; with ship
owners who allowed passengers to em
bark on an armed steamer carrying
war material and neglected German
warnings against entering the war
zone; and, finally, with the Knglish
press, which ridiculed Ambassador von
Bernstoff's warnings, calling them a
gigantic bluff and thereby preventing
passengers from canceling their pass
age. - i
"Heartfelt sympathy is expressed by
the German press and public for the
victims of the catastrophe and their
AIRMEN RAID RAMSGATE
Forty Bombs Dropped on English
Town, Three Are Injured.
RAMSGATE, Eng.. May 17. An air
raid occurred here early this morning.
(-About 40 bombs were dropped.
So far as has been ascertained three
persons were injured.
WHERE MIGHT IS RIGHT?
TO FIGHT PLAGUE
Coming of Summer
Brings New Peril.
SHALLOW GRAVES ARE MENACE
Science Awakened, but It Is
Realized People Must Help.
INOCULATION IS URGED
Importance of Unrelenting War on
Ilyussfly Emphasized Smaller
BT CAROLYN WILSON.
(Copyright, 115. by the ChicaRO Tribune.
Published by arrangement with the Tribune.)
PARIS, April 3. Warm weather is
arriving and with it the fear of pesti
lence and plague. For there are hun
dreds of thousands of soldiers on the
fields of Compeigne and Soissons.
barely buried under the earth, and
there are others still wholly unburlod.
In little still waters of creeks and
So, now. Paris begins to fear death
in a thousand vile, creeping fwms
not the sudden, brave death of the
battlefield, but death which seeks out
the child in the family, the mother
waiting for her husband to come
home; death which will dishearten the
soldiers more than lost battles or de
feats. Fevers Already Common.
Of course, it is greatly to be hoped
that, with the strides that science has
made in the last 25 years, there will
not be a repetition of those terrible,
devastating epidemics which have fol
lowed in the wake of great wars.
Everything that can be done to pre
vent it is being done.
But the people themselves must
help; Already , typhoid, typhus and
spotted fever are common enough to
make them feared as warmer weather
advances. Notices have been issued by
the authorities telling the inhabitants
to boil their water us soon as warm
weather is really here.
Yesterday there was a new injunc
tion posted all over town to be revac
clnated. Also with the notices telling
the young .class to get inoculated
against typhoid was advice to the peo
ple remaining in the cities during the
Summer to have the same treatment.
People Waraed Against Files,
The local government board of Great
Britain has issued an official warn
ing to the people, telling them that
the root of the campaign for health
lies in the extermination of the house
hold fly. This insect carries the germs
of the most deadly forms of epidemics,
and where it is permitted to breed dis
ease will be rife.
Here in Paris Dr. Elie Mctchnikoff,
the celebrated bacteriologist and sub
director of the Pasteur Inutitute, gave
out a like statement. Everything poa-
(Conluded on Page r. Column 4.)
EDWARD DEWITT BLLIKVKD TO
1UVK LOST LlFi: IX 1UVKU.
Lighthouse Keeper Sees Occupant of
Motorboat Hurled Into Whirl
pool Xo Trace Is Found.
OREGON CITY, Or.. May 18. (Spe
cial.) Edward DeWitt, 1002 Ellsworth
street, Portland, is believed to have
been drowned in Clackamas Rapids to
day, when he was catapulted from his
A. J. Hobble, lighthouse keeper at
the rapids, saw the man thrown from
the boa.t as Mr. DeWitt dropped an
anchor to check the craft in its
careening course through the whirl
pool and notified M. A. Mogone, who
made a search of the river, but was
unable to find any trace of Mr. DeWitt.
Mr.. DeWitt had been fishing near
the park. lie left his coat on the
bank and started out for a cruise in
the boat, when it became disabled and
started through the rapids. He dropped
anchor and was thrown overboard.
A card found in the coat asked that
Mrs. Charles DeWitt, 1002 Elsworth
street, be notified in case of accident.
G0EBEN IS REPORTED HIT
Petrograd Sajs Former tiermaii
Cruiser Was Badly Damaged.
PETROGRAD, via London, May 16.
The following statement was issued to
day at the War Office:
"The Goeben, which fired' 200 shells
at the Russian fleet while it was bom
barding the Bosphorus, without scoring
a single hit, was herself obliged to re
turn to the Golden Horn with a hole
in her hull,-stopped up with collision
"A portion of her main deck was
torn away and a funnel was damaged.
Many of her crew were killed or
The warship referred to in the fore
going is the Turkish cruiser Sultan
tfelim, formerly the German cruiser
Goeben. She was turned over to the
Turks, with the German cruiser Bres
lau. last Fall. The Sultan Sellm had
been engaged in several battles with
the Russian fleet and on half a dozen
occasions was reported to have been
damaged by shells or mines.
LINER'S SAILING TEARFUL
St. Louis Carries 00 Americans, Be
side Britons Going to Fight.
NEW YORK. May 16. SieciaL)
There was weeping on the decks of
the St. Louis during the last hour be
fore she sailed Saturday. Despite the
fact that she is an American liner,
those who came down to see off pas
sengers thought of the submarines that
lurk in St. George's Channel and tears
fell without restraint as visitors said
farewell to the voyagers.
The St. Louie carries 365 cabin pas
sengers, of. whom only 90 are Ameri
can citizens. The rest are Britons go
ing home to fight. She has 713 pas
sengers in all.
Among those who sailed was Mrs.
Leslie Carter, who is booked as Mrs.
Sunday's War Moves
THE King of Italy has refused to
accept the resignation of Slgnor
Salandra. and the Premier and bis
whole war cabinet retains office. This,
it is confidently believed in other
European capitals, foreshadows the al
most immediate entrance of Italy Into
the circles of belligerents on the side
of the allies.
Action, however, may'be delayed un
til the meeting of the Chamber of Dep
uties on Thursday, when the Premier
will announce his policy and will re
ceive the support of a majority of the
' Should the expected action of Italy
materialize, the allies will be in a bet
ter position than ever to launch their
big offensive movement against Aus
tria and Germany, which is being pre
ceded on the western front by a series
of attacks furnishing a foretaste of
what is to come.
Hardly had the German attacks on
the British lines around Ypres ex
hausted themselves and the French of
fensive to the north of Arras showed
signs of coming to an end than the
British became the aggressors to the
north of La Bassee and the French and
Belgian troops began their attempt to
throw the Germans back from the
These attacks, according to the
French official account, which, how
ever, does not agree with that from
Berlin, were successful and again com
pelled the Germans to counter-attack
the most costly of all siege operations
in warfare. Infighting at both points
is still in progress, as well as in
Arlois, where the French added a
further slight gain to those made dur
ing the week. These gains combined
constitute the biggest forward move
ment of either army in the west since
the battle of the Marne.
There does not appear to be much
change in the general position in Gaii
cia. although the Austro-German ar
mies have been able to make an addi
tional advance by, the withdrawal of
the Russian rear guards, which have
been holding off the victorious troops
until their own armies could set into
new positions behind the San River.
This territory promises to be the
scene of another big battle, for the
Russians. strongly reinforced, will
make a desperate effort to stem the
tide which has been running so strongly
In tho Russian border provinces,
along the East Prussian frontier, iso
lated engagements are occurring. In
which buth sides say they have the
3000 Troops Prepare
to Storm City.
MEN ARE LEO BY GENERAL
Portuguese Advices Say Civil
War Is Threatened.
STREET BATTLES CONTINUE
Losses, by Desultory Fighting and
Bombardment of Capital Are Be
lieved Large Kevolution
arles Define Policy.
BADAJOZ. Spain, via Paris. May
16- The latest news received here
from Portugal Is to the erfect that a
general of the Insurrectionary party,
commanding 3000 troops, is now outside
Lisbon preparing to storm tho city.
MADRID, Spain, via Pari.. My 16.
Complete anarchy reigns in Lisbon, ac
cording to news reaching Madrid to
night. Fighting in the streets con
tinues between the mutineers and the
loyal troops. Tho bombardment was
stopped last nie.ht. owing to u lack of
The number of persona killed or
wounded Is said to have been consid
erable. Many building were burned
snd the homes of known loyalists pil
laged. Premier Dato announced today that
the Spanish battleship Espani would
arrive at Lisbon tomorrow to protect
Spaniards and other foreigners. Ho
added that It was probable that an
other warship would be dispatched to
Civil War la Predicted.
Dispatches from Vigo announce that
Portuguese people arriving there de
clare that the uprising is the, begin
ning of civil war in Portugal. Reports
from Oporto are to tho effect that the
revolutionists in that city have been
placed in Jail and thut the civil author
tics have been over the reins of gov
ernment to the military. The where
abouts of President da Arrlaga is still
Special dispatches assert that the up
rising is not a monarchical movement,
but one organized in protest by the
party of Dr. Affonso Costa, ex-Premier,
against recent measures of the govern
ment. Mating Warships Spreads.
It Is declared also thai mutinies oc
curred among the crews of several of
the Portuguese warships.
PARIS, May 16. A Havas dispatch
from Lisbon contains the proclamation
Issued by the revolutionary committee
in Lisbon. It says:
"We are going to restore the republic
to the republicans. We demand a na
tional government and consequently It
ought to be republican. We shall adopt
no party feeling because we wish all
republicans to be united for the dignity
of the country and Uie salvation of the
Violence .Vol Advised.
"We do not advise violence or
reprisals. Our energy docs not preclude
generosity for the vanquished. It is
the province of the national govern
ment alone to execute measures for
patriotic defense. All may rely upon
its honor and Its patriotism."
Another Havas dispatch from Lisbon
says the revolutionary committee as
sembled aboard the battleship Vasco
de Gama and deliberated on the des
ignation of a national government and
the choice of ministers. The cabinet,
it is said, probably will bo presided
over by Jao Chagas, who will alfo
have the portfolio of Minister of thd
Interior. The other members probably
will be Fernando Costa, former Minis
ter of Marine; Duarte Lelle, former
Minister of Finance; Brazillo Telles,
former Minister of Finance, and Paule
The Republicans at Cintra, near Lis
bon, have taken over the government.
The Journal Omundo, of Lisbon, says
the revolutionists there were prevent
ed from posting a decree upenrilnx
the civil guarantees. It adds that al!
banks and commercial houses have
BARNES MAY SUE AGAIN
Libel Suit Not to ISest If Jury Should
Fail to Agree.
SYRACUSE, N. Y., May J 6. (Spe
cial.) It became known today that
William Barnes. Jr., intends to bring a
fresh suit against Colonel Roosovelt
if the Jury In the present trial dis
agrees. He will not be satisfied to let
the Issue between him and Colonel
No matter how expensive the pro
reeding may be and It is estimated
that the case in the first hearing will
have cost Mr. Barnes and Colonel
Roosevelt together about 130,000 Mr.
Barnes intends to continue the fight.
The Colonel's probable attitude has
not been so clearly indicated. It can
be said, however, that in the event
that Mr. Barnes receives a substauital
award from the Jury, the Colonel will
appeal. A small verdict, an award of
a few tents or even of a few hundred
I dollar for Mr. Harnc.". would be con
sidered a victory for the defendant, as
I alto a ditafciecuicnt would be.