Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, May 08, 1915, Page 6, Image 6

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Kastern IlUKlnesa Office Veree A Conklln,
Kow York, Brunswick building; Chicago,
tolonffer building. .
Nu Francisco Office R. J. Bidwell Com
pany. 42 Market street.
By sinking the Lusitania the Ger
mans have shown their determination
to destroy the commerce of Great
Britain with neutral countries by any
means and at all hazards. The loss
of many lives, even of neutrals, ap
pears to be matter of no consequence
to them: or. If It is of consequence,
they take the hazard. Until all the
facts are known it cannot be stated
how gravely. In this instance, the
rights of neutrals and the dictates of
a. common humanity have been out
raged. Of certain facts there can be no
question. The Lusitania, though
adapted for conversion into a cruiser
and though equipped with twelve six
Inch guns, was engaged in commerce,
not in any warlike enterprise. She
carried many passengers, a majority
of whom iwere doubtless Americans
and therefore neutrals. She also car
ried much freight, a large part per
haps the larger part of which was
contraband of war. ' Even the allies do
not deny that a German warship
would have been Justified in seizing
the Lusitania and taking the vessel
Into a German port for search. If the
bulk of cargo was contraband, the
Germans might hold her as a prize, or,
In case they could not take her into
port without danger to the captor,
they could sink her. But first they
must give warning to all persons on
board to leave the ship and must allow
time for this to be done.' These are
the rules laid down in the Declaration
of London, and, though that instru
ment is not in force, its principles
have been hitherto recognized by civ
ilized nations.
In defense of the sinking of the
ship it may be pleaded that warning
was given before she sailed that this
fate awaited her and that those who
went on board did so at their own
peril. This warning may be construed
by the owners as no palliation, but as
an aggravation of what tUey con
sider the offense of her destroyers and
as Justifying the ship in carrying guns
for defense. The Lusitania was on a
peaceful mission and was doing no
military "service. Her guns were In
tended solely-for defense; the pres
ence on board of 1253 civilian pas
sengers, mostly of neutral nations,
precluded the idea that she was rov
ing in search of hostile ships to cap
ture. Yet she was torpedoed ten
miles from shore, without warning,
and sank in 30 minutes. The act
evinces a disregard for the lives of
non-combatants which prior to this
War characterized barbarians alone. .
When Germany proclaimed a pur
pose to inaugurate a submarine block
ade of British seas, of which the sink
ing of the Lusitania Is the most seri
ous outcome except for the loss of life
on the Falaba, the United States Gov
ernment informed Germany that the
announced plan of operations was
contrary to international law and that
strict accountability would be exacted
for all infractions of that law. In face
of this warning a German submarine
torpedoed the American steamer Gulf
light and a German aeroplane dropped
bombs on the American steamer Cush
Ing. The British passenger -steamer
Falaba was sunk. The fact that an
American was among the passengers
drowned gives the United States a di
rect interest in that case.
Regard for the honor of the United
States and for the rights of American
citizens demands that the Government
follow up Its protests "with earnest
claims for reparation. No self-respecting
nation can permit such acts to pass
without vigorous measures to obtain
satisfaction. Our Government has
rightly chosen to exhaust the re
sources of diplomacy, in an effort to
uphold our rights and at the same
time to maintain our neutrality- in the
presence of a war the ramifications
of which " spread from month to
month. This latest event, which near
ly concerns us, is an evidence of the
war's tendency to involve us, strive
as we may to avoid being drawn into
it. In this respect we are in the same
position as other neutrals, for the Ger
mans, in their war on British com
merce, have made war on the ships
of Holland, Norway, Sweden and Den
mark.. One would suppose that Ger
many had enemies enough to satisfy
her. but she seems not to caro how
many are added in striking- at those
she already has.
The common notion that women
would sacredly keep the peace if
they ruled the world derives some
confirmation from their recent con
gress at The Hague. But with the full
accounts of the meeting before us a
few misgivings arise.
The Inborn pugnacity of women is
a fact of rather frequent notice. "The
public scold" who troubled the peace
of our forefathers was a woman. The
ducking stool was Invented for her
behoof as a cooling, but not too peril
ous, mode of checking belligerent lo
quacity. The words termagant,
shrew, harridan, .Amazon arid the like
Indicate the persistence with ' which
the female has exercised her warlike
proclivities In the course of the cen
turies. It need not surprise us, there
fore, if some of these proclivities
came out at The Hague.
The delegates gathered there yere
unanimously "for peace." as a matter
of. course, but what kind of peace?
There was the rub'. We all -want peace
if we can get the exact kind that suits
us. If we cannot, most of us are for
war, at least as long as other people
do the fighting.
'Twas thus with the women at The
Hague. It appeared, as the delibera
tions proceeded, that the delegates
wanted "peace with justice," and when
" it came to defining Justice, that holy
word was found to have many mean
ings. To the English delegates It
meant the supremacy of Great Britain.
To the Austrians it meant the healing
of the Hapsburgs' wounds and the
continued subjection of Poland and
Hungary. Many women many minds,
as the old proverb puts it. They dis
agreed with one another about as a
similar gathering of men would..
This is what any reflective person
would have expected. As The Ore
gonian haa faithfully pointed out many
a time and oft, women are human
beings with all the rights of human
beings, but, unhappily, with all their
frailties, too.' Among these frailties
is an inability to forget their own per
sonal and patriotic interests. If they
could they would be angels, as the ro
mantic novelists so often make them.
Most of us do not find angels particu
larly agreeable. We prefer Eve's
daughters, whom, with all their faults,
we still love.
The sinking of the Lusitania is a
sobering and startling event the most
Impressive single- thing on the
seas siuce the war began. It
is the climax of the recent
series of distinct German successes.
It is a remarkable triumph of the
thorough-going and far-reaching Ger
man system, for undoubtedly it was
planned days ago to strike just at this
time and Just in that way at the Lusi
tania. Else what did the special
warnings of the Imperial German
Embassy. Just before the Lusitania
sailed, mean?
The war has come nearer than ever
to America- through the Lusitania dis
aster. A great ship sailing from neu
tral America through peaceful waters
into the danger zone is given a crash
ing blow by an" unseen enemy and is
sent to the bottom.
What hidden enemies lurk beneath
the placid surface of America's seren
ity? What unknown dangers lurk in
the path of America's own ship of
state? What of weal or woe for us do
the blue skies above us or the deep
waters beneath us contain? W'hither
are we bound? "What of the morrow?
Who knoweth the time or the place
which will change for us the friendly
aspect of a peaceful fortune? What
Fate steals along with silent tread?
Found ot'tenest In what least we dread, ,
Frowns in tho storm with angry brow,
But in tht sunshine strikes the blow,
The tumult and the shouting over
completion of the Celilo canal having
nearly died out with due recognition
of the final celebration at Astoria to
day let us once more; repeat that a
canal or a navigable river without
traffic is a waste.
The Government has expended
about $7,000,000 to open up the Co
lumbia River to "Priest Rapids and
to Lewlston $5,000,000 at Celilo and
$2,000,000 at the Cascade Locks. What
is -to be done to get a return on the
Traffic will not be developed spon
taneously or automatically. There are
two lines of railroad for 200 miles up
the Columbia from Portland, and one
railroad for 100 miles below Portland.
They have all, or nearly all, the pres
ent business of the Inland Empire
through their systems of feeders and
of warehouses. If the river and canal
are to be used profitably, they must
get some or all the present railroad
traffic, or create new traffic, or both.
They cannot get either without facil
ities. .
There are no adequate facilities now
in the way of warehouses or of road
feeders and very little for the present
steamboat line to do.
It requires but a brief and simple
statement of the situation tq show
that something a great deal yet is
to be done to make the Celilo canal
worth while:
Japan may have extorted from
China, by threats of force, concessions
which place Japan to a large extent
in control of both the foreign and in
ternal affairs of China, but that does
not end the matter. Japan united
with the United States and the Euro
pean powers in an agreement to
maintain the sovereignty and territor
ial Integrity of China and the princi
ple of equal commercial opportunity
to all nations. Before the other na
tions can allow the Chino-Japanese
agreement to become effective, they
must be convinced that it does not
contravene this prior agreement. Its
terms are of such a nature that such
proof is impossible.' If Japan Insists
on her bargain without furnishing
this proof, she will prove that she has
adopted the new definition of treaties
and other international agreements as
scraps of paper.
Under cover of promoting her com
merce in China and of preventing any
other nation from gaining a position
in that country which would endanger
Japanese territory, Japan has extorted
rights in China which are in no way
necessary to those purposes. She de
manded for herself concessions of the
same kind as she called upon China to
deny .all other nations. When China
had granted all the rights of mining,
railroad building, trade and settle
ment, also, all the special rights de
rived from the lease of Southern Man
churia, -Japan threatened China with
armed force unless she granted further
political and territorial rights which
are inconsistent with Chinese inde
pendence and with the open-door
principle to which Japanese faith is
Japan wishes to dictate what for
eign poiuicai advisers tjnina snail em
ploy and wishes to have joint control
with China ovef the manufacture of
war munitions. She demands that no
foreign loans be made without her
consent. She insists that China grant
no concessions on the coast to other
nations, but leaves herself free to ob
tain such concessions. The, pretext
for this last demand is that a contract
was granted a private American cor-r
poration to build -a naval dock for
China, The inference is that Japan
would-allow no non-Japanese -enterprise
to obtain a foothold, even though
it had no connection with- a foreign
government, but would permit Japan
ese enterprises to be established there
and would seek governmental control
of that part of the coast.
The position Japan seeks in China
Is analogous to that which Britain ob
tained in Egypt In 1882. If Japan
were to succeed in her designs, the
outcome would in all probability be
the same as in Egypt complete con
trol of the government and final an
nexation by Japan. As a result, Japan
would Japanize China, as she has
Japanized Corea, and other nations
would have to. be content with such
rights of trade and industry In China
as Japan chose to allow.
A time for these demands has been
chosen when the great powers of Eu
rope are in no position to enforce any
protests they may make. The United
States alone is free from the entangle
ments of war and alliances, but our
position has been greatly weakened
by the conduct of the present Admin
istration When President Wilson took
office, the diplomatic support of the
United States was behind American
bankers who were to participate in
making the six-power loan -to China.
That support was given in order to
secure for the United States an influ
ential voice in Chinese foreign rela
tions and to secure for American cap
ital and enterprise an opening In
China and a share with men of other
nations in that country's development.
One of Mr. Wilson's first acts was to
withdraw that support, and the Amer
ican bankers consequently withdrew
from the negotiations. The United
States thus abandoned the position by
which it would have been able to keep
the door open, yet is now the only Na
tion which is free to Insist upon the
maintenance of the open-door policy.
Those nations which maintained their
position then are now unable Xo main
tain it.
The United States Government will
doubtless protest with all the vigor of
which It is capable, but protests will
prove as unavailing as did a scrap of
paper in keeping the Germans out of
Belgium. The American people would
not willingly fight to enforce the open
door principle, and the ultra-pacific
disposition of the Administration is so
well known that it cannot be expected
even to threaten war. The best we can
expect is that Secretary Bryan will
make Impotent protests. If . China
should fall completely under the dom
ination of Japan, the time may come
when we shall believe it would have
been worth while to aid her In resist
ing aggression. Having reorganized
and rejuvenated China, Japan may
use that country's millions in carrying
out vaster schemes of aggression,
which the power of Europe and Amer
ica combined may alone be able to
The status of China is likely to be
considered and decided at the peace
congress which will follow the present
war. American interests in the Orient
are so vital that they require this
Nation's participation, not merely as
mediator, but as a party to the
Theodore Roosevelt owes William
Barnes a debt of gratitude for an
extraordinary opportunity to put be
fore the public once more the Roose
velt record, the Roosevelt personal
ity and the Roosevelt methods. It is
true enough that the people of the
United States, and of the world, had
shown a diminishing interest in the
sayings and doings of Mr. Roosevelt
since his disastrous political divaga
tion in 1912. Not by the arts of au
thorship, nor by the exploits of the
explorer, nor by the noisy devices of
the crusader, had he been able to sus
tain himself in the public eye.
At this juncture along comes Mr.
Barnes with hia silly and frivolous
libel suit. As a political boss or
leader, if he prefers he ought to have
learned the value of patient and silent
submission to criticism; as a newspa
per publisher, he should have been the
last to drop the weapon in his own
hands and fly to the courts for pro
tection. Mr. Roosevelt has risen grandly to
the occasion. He has welcomed the
opportunity to Halk about himself.
When asked the other day If he was
sure that he did right in -a certain
transaction his reply was: "Why, of
course, for I did it." Can you beat
that? Yet evidently Roosevelt be
lieves it. Not. a single thing has ben
disclosed in all the minute investiga
tion of his every act, through many
years, that was in the slightest degree
discreditable or dishonorable, if his
frankly confessed relations with the
bosses be excepted. What other pub
lic man who knew that 150,000 letters
written by him were in the possession
of others but might have been nerv
ous if he learned they were to be made
Mr. Barnes may get a verdict, but
we hazard the guess that he will not.
But whether he does or not, he will
not get what Roosevelt has had out
of the trial.
Cipher dispatches of one sort and
another play an important part in all
wars, but they are common enough
also In times of peace. Diplomats use
them continually. Ciphers and cryp
tograms are in fact keystones in the
arches of that secret diplomatic struc
ture which does so much to keep up
hostility between nations and bring on
needless wars. The persons who agi
tate against secret diplomacy will do
well to pay a good deal of attention to
cipher dispatches. Business men also
employ them, mainly for economy
though often for secrecy, too. Those
who telegraph much find it a great
saving to send cipher messages in
which a single word may stand for
an entire sentence. Cryptograms are a
godsend to the novelists. "The Treas
ure Island" gains half its interest
from the puzzling cipher guide to the
location of the buried treasure. Doz
ens of other novelists have employed
the same device, but none of them so
skilfully as Stevenson, and even his
genius in this matter pales before
Poe's, who was the father of all the
literary constructors and decipherers
of cryptograms. There never was a
better one than he used in "The
Melville Davlsson Post, writing
agreeably on "Secret Ciphers" in the
Saturday Evening Post, reminds us
that Poe boasted himself able to de
cipher any secret code, no matter how
complicated it might be or in what
language it was composed. A hun
dred cryptograms were sent in to test
his adeptness, some of them in a
mixed Jargon of several languages, but
that made no difference. He unrav
eled them all easily enough. It was
a favorite, opinion of .his that any se
cret code devised by a human brain
could be deciphered by another brain
and he went far to prove that he was
right. Military men have exerted in
finite skill to make their secret dis
patches unintelligible to the enemy.
but almost every government has
adepts who can read them, given a
little time. There is no such thing
as an impenetrable secret, once it has
been committed to writing. The most
famous cryptogram in the world was
the hieroglyphics on the Rosetta stone
which was found in Egypt early in the
last century. Beside the hieroglyphic
inscription on the stone were two
others, one in Greek and one In Coptic,
By unwearied comparison of the
three, Champollion, the famous French
founder of Egyptology, managed to
recover the meaning of the hiero
glyphics which had been lost to the
world for centuries. He began, as
every decipherment of a cryptogram
must, with a lucky guess. He assumed
that the - three Inscriptions recorded
the same event. Thus he was able to'
pick out words, such as the name of
the King,-that must be identical in all
of them, and so step by step he un
raveled the whole. Champollion's tri
umph has been the foundation of
greater wonders than any he himself
aohieved. - The language written with
hieroglyphics was known to science.
All he had to do was to unveil the
meaning of the written characters,
which was, after all, comparatively
easy. Mr. Post tells of a stone found
in Persia, plainly a relic of "great an
tiquity, bearing inscriptions consisting
of unknown characters in an unknown
tongue. Luckily this was subsequent
to Champollion's work and his meth
ods were promptfy applied to the rid
dle by a German scholar. In due time
this gentleman reconstructed the al
phabet and actually restored the for
gotten language of the inscriptions.
The decipherment of the cuneiform
inscriptions of Assyria and Babylonia,
from which so much has been learned
about the Scriptures, is nothing more
than cryptogram work very much like
that described by Poe in "The Gold
bug" and his magazine articles on the
sIt can hardly be doubted that Poe
would have been a dangerous rival of
Champollion and the other decipher
ers of mysterious Inscriptions had op
portunity been kinder to him. In his
day America knew nothing of that
"specialization" which is now deemed
so essential to sound scholarship.
Everybody was educated after the
same fashion and studied the same
branches. - The colleges made no ef
fort whatever- to discover and foster
genius. So Poe went through life a
man without a fixed calling. Nobody
in his day knew how to value even his
poems, perhaps the most precious
treasures of our literature, much less
did his contemporaries make any ac
count of his marvelous gift for de
ciphering cryptogrammatic Inscrip
tions. Had circumstances supplied
him with material from Egypt and
Assyria to work upon, and had he pos
sessed leisure to exercise his powers,
the United States might have carried
off many honors that went to other
The ability to decipher cryptograms
seems to be fairly common In all
countries. Ireland has produced some
of the best readers of cuneiform in
scriptions. England has also helped
essentially in the work, and the con
tributions of France and Germany are
familiar to everybody. The scholars
of the United States have been active
in the same field of late years and
have attained - valuable results.
Learned men have been busy excavat
ing the remains of remote antiquity in
Crete and Palestine as well as in Egypt
and Assyria, and the discoveries they
have made' are more interesting than
any romance. Among other things they
have brought to light a Greek civili
zation antedating that of Homer by
many centuries, with its principal seat
In Crete. The influence of this civil
ization penetrated as far. as Palestine
and deeply affected the history of
the Jews.
These additions to human knowl
edge have been made by deciphering
cryptograms. Poe's belief that none
could be devised which human in
genuity could not unravel has been
pretty well justified by the facts, but
not wholly. Inscriptions from the re
motest Cretan antiquity have been dug
up which seem to baffle all the schol
ars who attempt them. Neither the
language is known nor the power of
the characters in which It is written,
and, worst of all, none of those lucky
hints are yet at hand which would
make the method of Poe and Cham
pollion available. One cannot help
regretting that our great American
poet is not here to apply his genius
to these tantalizing mysteries. If he
were we may confidently believe that
he would not only fill up a gap In the
history of the ancient world, but that
he would win enduring glory for his
country's scholarship. f
The statement has been made that
if the Krupp factory were to quit pro
ducing guns and paraphernalia for
war, it could make enough plowshares
In one day to supply the demand in
the United States for fifty years, and
if it turned its attention to grain bind
ers for a week the product would be
a machine for each graingrower in
this country for the next twenty-five
years. This is the concern that is
making and has been making for years
guns for Germany. No other nation is
so equipped. Is it any wonder the
allies have not beaten her in the war
game up to date?
There was a decided contrast be
tween the marine parade which en
tered Portland on Thursday and that
which entered several Irish. -harbors
from the scene of the Lusitania
wreck. It was the contrast between
war and peace.
Philadelphia may seem slow in
most things, but is not in spending
money. The Councils have appropri
ated $30,000 for expense ef the Lib
erty Bell on the Coast trip, with the
Mayor and a dozen others to disperse
the cash..
Those Oregon City boys are not the
only lost boys who have gone fishing,
In this weather the temptation is
strong to many boys to get lost in just
that way.
There is a close relation between
German claims to sweeping victory
and German 'attempts to keep Italy
out of the war.
The time, early afternoon, was well
chosen for the work of destruction.
Those submersible people are humane
to an extent.
Elbert Hubbard was on the big ship,
Now look for a violent dissertation on
the iniquity of waging war.
The unemployed are scattering to
employment in all directions in these
balmy days.
Germany gave notice a week ago,
but those interested would not be
lieve it. "
Mr. Simpson, of Coos, is starting his
campaign early for the Hawley succes
sion. . - -
By the way, once there was a man
named Connie Mack who ran a ball
club. ' - ..
Harvest of the ultimatum crop be
gan last August and still continues.
The jitney rider who believes in
safety first walks. -
The man who missed the boat was
Twenty-Five Years Ago
From The Oregonian, May 8. IStK).
Tacoma The Democrats are Jubilant
over their sweeping victory at the
polls. The Tacoma News came out yes
terday evening with humorous cuts
for the Republicans and the general
sentiment is to chide the convention
for its selection, not so much because
the man . may not have been worthy,
but because there was a division of
sentiment and the men chosen were
neither well known nor popular. The
News also has a picture of its new
building on the front page.
Salem Frank Motter and Charles H.
Chance have been appointed notaries
public in Portland.
Silverlon. Or. The city election was
held here yesterday with the following
results: Council, Al Coolidge, J. al.
Wolford, J. G. Remsen, J. G. Smith and
E. L. Smith; Marshal, J. K. Mount;
Recorder, R, C. Ramsby;. Treasurer,
M- J. Adams.
Washington The House began the
debate on the tariff bill yesterday. Mc
Kinley opened a heavy fire on the
Democrats and expounded the protec
tion creed. His fiscal doctrines are of
fered as a panacea for financial ills,
and he shows a solicitude for the
Oregon City S. Schwabacher. vice-
president of the Crown Paper Company,
is down from Walla Walla looking
over the works under construction. He
is accompanied by Mrs. Schwabacher,
and they are on their way to Europe.
The Hotel Tioga Company has been
incorporated and a family hotel will be
built at Tioga, Wash., about one mile
above Long Beach.
Captain A. H. Merrill and Lieutenant
John L. Hayden, of the First Artillery,
were at the International yesterday
with 31 men in their charge. They are
from Fort Canby, en route to Govern
or's Island and Fort Hamilton. New
York. The two companies from there
will arrive in Portland in about two
weeks, the changes being made sim
ply in the regular routtne of the de
The magnificent 65-feet-high poles
being put'up along Front street are for
the Electric Light Company.
Ex-Police Judge Ralph Dement was
thrown from his buggy yesterday and
slightly hurt. He received a bad cut
over the eye.
Fire last night practically destroyed
the Cully block, on Fourth street. In
East Portland. The blaze began at
about 9:30 o'clock.
Baker City is being advertised as
'The Denver of Oregon."
Another Teatlllesj to Absenre of Evil
Thought and Insults.
PORTLAND. May 7. (To the Ed
itor.) I would like to reply to certain
remarks made in a letter in The Ore
gonlan of May 6 and written by Mrs.
Richard Rozell. I nnd exception to
this statement:
You want to look out for the people that
claim that they are so pure-minded and un
sophisticated that while they are dancing
there could not possibly flash across their
mind a thought or a feeling through their
body that they should not have.
Though it may seem strange to some
people of narrow views that there are
such phenomena as decent-minded peo
ple, and though I am by no means un
sophisticated or a withered mummy.
still 1 can dance with a man and not be
bothered with any evil thoughts or
suggestions, neither has any man
"whispered anything into my ear that
he should not," and I was not a stone
image, either.
Now, I contend that men and women
of good morals and manners can be
have themselves under any circum
stances, and no man who respects the
lady with whom he is dancing would
insult her with any improper remarks
or suggestions. People of well-known
Immoral habits can be excluded from
public dancehalls and all . drinking,
either in the cloakrooms or halls, be-
absolutely forbidden. If any man of
fend a lady, let her exercise some
womanly dignity and refuse his fur
ther acquaintance or report him to
someone In authority.
. Classic and fancy dances are all right
and much "ko be preferred, but not
everyone can learn these dances, but
the pretty folk dances of the different
nations might be taught in the public
schools. If people like to steal a few
hours from the night for social pur
poses, that is surely their own affair, and
as for breathing "dust," we get generous
mouthfuls of that on any windy day,
anywhere, and saints and pinners alike
are treated impartially. - The theaters
are well enough, but Just now there
seems to be a plethora of sexual prob
lem plays and matrimonial difficulties,
which in my estimation are of little
real benefit to anyone, and, personally,
I would rather witness a good clean
comedy and enjoy a hearty laugh
than listen to the machinations of all
the "vampire" women in the world.
There is one good old-fashioned rem
edy for evil thoughts and that is for
one to give oneself a mental shake and
to say to one's self, "Get thee behind me
Satan." but be careful not to say it
aloud, or you might be arrested for
using bad language!
Good morning, sir, I seek a Job;
I ask it with an eager sob;
I gasp it with a hopeful throb.
A weary pilgrim all forlorn,
I've trudged until my shoes are worn.
I've had my mortal spirits torn.
My temper kicked and overborne;
1 11 juggle brick or pack the hod,
I'll roll a truck or hew the sod,
I'm hungry, sir, and out of carh
And nature shyly whispers "hash!"
Thus I. a hopeless poet wight.
Unequal in the worldly fight.
Must quit my song about "the rose"
And sing of "Plainers" I suppose.
Or razor clams that erin at me -
From- every eating place I see.
For I am famished and my Muse
Is draggled too and has the "blues."
And feeling thus I hear the chimes
Of those sweet bells of other times.
The bells that rang me out of bed
Before the happy morning fled.
To grasp an honest dinner pail
And proudly strut to earn some kale.
But woe Is me, how sadly changed -Tire
happy scene where once I ranged!
In vain I walk the cheerless street;
In vain I tackle all meet.
The elusive Job is on the run
And everything 1 look upon
But adds its little spiteful store
To grieve my heart and make me sore.
Despairingly I almost cry
For fellowship and sympathy.
Somewhere, sometimes avfrlendly eye
Should greet me as I amble by.
Instead I get a sour stare
That stabs me like a prickly pear.
I halt before a shop or mill.
My besom feels a hopeful thrill.
This place of Jobs I will explore
When lo, above the frowning door
(And here a chill Invades my spine)
T see the "No Admittance" sign.
The light of hope goes out for me;
A gasp, a gulp, I turn and flee.'
Buildlnsr Permits In April.
PORTLAND. May 7. fTo the Editor.)
Please give the number of building
permits Issued for the month of April,
and oblige A. L.
Permits numbering 47T and amount
ing to $559,415 were issued in April.
Era of Female Employ-meat Inspires
Correspondent With Apprehelslon.
LENTS. Or., May 7. (To the Editor.)
I Just got to thinking that, when I'
was a boy, my mother was my father's
wife: moreover, she was a great help
er, by looking after the house end of
her own and father's business. Fur
ther, she was an inspiration, a guide, a
teacher, a character m older a mother,
to myself and my sisters and brothers;
she was the custodian, the caretaker,,
the presiding personage in the house
which I was privileged to call home.
My siBters grew up very much. I fancy,
like my mother was. We had neigh
bors, lots of them, and the history of
our household was very like that of
theirs. In those days women were
known, largely, as wives and mothers.
Marriages were frequent and divorces
almost unknown.
Something more than half a century
has come and passed into history since
first the world and I became personally
acquainted; but. what a change that
half century has brought and stamped
upon human affairs! Today we rind
women speculators, bankers and mer
chants; women doctors, lawyers and
preachers; women farmers, stockbreed
ers and miners; women clerks, shop
keepers and teachers; women railroad
ers, politicians and policemen; women
statesmen, officers and soldiers; wom
en editors, orators and, occasionally,
wives and mothers.- (O. yes, I realize
my danger as the author of this arti
cle, but I'll go through with it if I
have to wear a. diving suit ever after
wards.) There are today more than 1.000.000
jobless men, worthy men. In these great
and good United States, men who are
practically reduced to pauperism, men
who ought to be the husbands of and
breadwinners for 1.000,000 women who
have stolen their jobs.
Alarriages have greatly - decreased,
while divorces have alarmingly in
creased. The birth rate of children of
American parentage has been reduced
to the lowest point recorded in Amer
ican history. Marriage has come to
be considered largely a Joke, and
motherhood, by many motherable wom
en, is absolutely unknown.
But the army of women position fill
ers, along every line and avenue, con
tinues to grow ever and ever larger
and stronger and the army of the wor
thy unemployed males grows with cor
responding celerity. And what of the
years to come? The future looks a
little dark, doesn't it? We may gain a
little knowledge of the future by a
careful survey of the past. We know
what has been, what now is. and.
therefore, what is likely to come, for
such time, at least, until a reaction
shall have begun. All will agree that
a pace has been set which cannot much
longer continue without serious conse
quences. Would I deprive women of the bal
lot?" By no -means: I voted to enfran
chise them, but I did not mean by that
vote that that
O, woman! Thou who wast once the
wife and mother in the home, the chil
dren's guide and inspiration; thou who
wast once content to be a woman, a
queen, and exercise a woman's func
tion, where art thou today, and where
wilt thou be tomorrow?
It Is a physical law that a flood tide
is always succeeded by an ebb tide,
and. when this great feminine flood tide
shall have reached Its height, may we
not be permitted to hope that its suc
ceeding ebb will carry upon its crest
stately, lovely woman back to her high
station in life that of queen, wife and
mother? May we not innocently dream
that, sometime, there will be employ
ment for every honest male person who
aspires to the exalted station of house
holder, father, breadwinner?
' In conclusion, may we not entertain
a hope that all who read this lettei
will understand that Its intention is
not to deprive woman, but to exalt her;
not to ridicule, but to praise her?
Free Painless Dentistry.
New York Sun.
"One dollar, please," said the dentist
"A dollar! But your sign reads: 'Pain
less extraction of teeth, free.'" "Just
so. But. as you hollered a bit, this does
not apply in your case. I do my pain
less extracting free, exactly as I claim.
When, it hurts, I charge for it. One
dollar, please."
""Weird Legends That Have Been
Related in
The Sunday Oregonian
Psychic phenomena predicting the outbreak of the European war
are said to have taken place in the catacombs and ancient gardens
of Paris for several years before the outbreak of the present hos
tilities. "The Pale Boy of the Catacombs," whose reported ap
pearance presaged the downfall of Napoleon, the defeat in the war
of 1870, and other great French disasters, was actually photo
graphed, with his wagonload of kings' skeletons, in the Spring
of 1914. Marie Antoinette and the golden-collared carp of Louis
XVI were seen in the Little Trianon before war was declared.
These apparitions, with the legends concerning them, will be the
subject of an illustrated article by Sterling Ileilig.
The voyage of the steamer Undine and the parade and festival
held in Portland on the steamer's return, the theme of an
illustrated article. The eventful celebrations from Lewiston to
the sea to mark the dedication of Oregon's new waterway will be
reviewed by a staff writer who attended them.
Cannon used at Gettysburg, artillery captured at Manila, how
itzers which fell with Fort Sumpter and many guns that figured
in the history of the Pacific Northwest, stand as antiquated relics
in Oregon parks, museums and public buildings. The history and
pictures of these historic pieces will make an unusual magazine
It is estimated that 5000 horses have been shipped to Europe from
Oregon since last FalL From Newport News 90,000 American
horses have been poured into the European death-hopper since De
cember 1. A special article, with photographs, will describe this
traffic. ,
"Something snapped like that in my right eye. I heard it, and
then, suddenly, I saw," says 20-year-old Maud Emerson Lincoln,
in speaking of her sudden acquisition of eyesight. Andrew Watres
Ford will tell of Miss Lincoln's emotions when she beheld the
world about her for the first time.
. A war poem by Frank L. Stanton, will be the subject of the il
lustrated cover of the magazine section.
In a page of photographs and narrative Mary Worswick will tell
how Katharine. Corcoran, an actress, married James A. Heme and
started him on his career as a dramatist.
Major-General George W. Goethals continues his1 story, of the build
ing of "the great ditch." Every American will take pride in read
ing this authentic story of hi3 country's great accomplishment.
These are only a few of many interesting special articles to be
printed tomorrow. The pages set aside particularly for women
contain all the latest news of fashions, clubs and society. Then
there are the usual weekly reviews of sports, building, real estate
and automobiles. There are new stories for the children, includ
ing a revised Arabian Nights tale and the doings of the Teenie
-Weenies, as well as Doc Yak, Polly and the other comics, which
are enjoyed by the grown-ups as well as the children.
Half a Century Ago
From The Orezunlan of May 8. 1S6.S.
Senator Carltle. who represents, or
misrepresents Virginia in the United
States Senate, recently said In the
course of a debate that if he had had
the means of supporting his family
without the $3000 a year he received as
Senator, lie would have resigned his
seat the very day that the State of
West Virginia was recognised by th.j
Senate. Mr. Carlilc in all events is
ca nd id.
For merely political offenses we have
no recourse upon foreign powers as to
the persons of the guilty. Our own .
course has established such a prece
dent, but when criminals from Justice,
assassins and Incendiaries seek refuge
among friendly powers, we can expect
their arrest and surrender. And the
honor of the Nation requires that Jef
ferson Davis and the chief accomplices
In the murder of President Lincoln shall
be demanded of any nation that shall
harbor them and that demand sustained
by all the power'of our Government.
Eugene A violent secessionist
named Henry Mulkey was arrested by
the military here today for hurrahing
for Jeff Davis. Kunners-have started
at full speed for Long Tom to rally
the rebels. If anything startling oc
curs we will report.
Our dispatches of this morning show
the arrival of the Golden Gate at San
Francisco at 1 o'clock lat Suturd:i.
The passencer lint which we liuvo at
thts office shows that Senator Ni-stnlth
was on board and also I.. M. Starr, of
this city. These gentlemen arrived
two hours too late for the Orizaba.
which left for this place, at 11 o'clock
Saturday, and we are informed by the
operator that Messrs. Nesmtth and
Starr will start north by overland
stage. Mr. Nesmlth will reach Salem
probably next Saturday evening.
It Is a matter of some consequence
to our mechanics and manufacturers
whether or not dealers and others
patronize -home Industry. We have
now established in our midst some of
the finest brunches of the industrial
pursuits in the country and they should
have home support.
In this we fully concur with a con
temporary: "It has been rumored to
us that an imported theatrical play
wright In San Francisco, with a view
to making money. Is dramatizing the
murder of President Lincoln. We hope
this set of desecration will not be
countenanced. It is very like gath
ering up the nails and thorns of the
crucifixion for private profit." Jt
should be discountenanced by every
living patriot. If rebels w i.ili to wit
ness the act let them do so In Eng
land or within their own lines. Amer
ica will never furnish an audience for
Every Word Had Been Irlned.
Dr. Doane, now bishop of Albany,
preached an unusually good sermon one
morning and Mark Twain hesrd It.
Stepping up to the clergyman after the
service, Mark said:
"I have enjoyed your sermon this
morning. I welcomed It as 1 would an
old friend. I have a book at home that
contains every word of It."
"Why, that can't be, Mr. Clemens," re
plied the doctor.
"All the same It is so," said Twain.
"Well, I certainly would like to see
that book," rejoliied the doctor with
"All right." replied Mark: "you shall
have it." And the next morning Dr.
Doane received, with Mark Twain's
compliments, a dictionary.
When F'ourth Falls on Bunda?-.
PORTLAND, May 7. (To the Editor.)
Please tell me on what day the
Fourth of July celebration will. take
place this year, since that holiday f ills
on Sunday, AM1GO.
Generally where the Fourth comes on
Sunday it Is celebrated on Monday.
This, however, may be decided other
wise by a committee. Nothing has been
done as yet to settle the question for
this y-ar.