Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (May 5, 1915)
THE MORNING OREGONIA3T, WEDXESDAT, MAT 5, 1915.
COST OF WAR TO
More Than $5,500,000,000 to
Be Needed to Continue
Through Fiscal Year.
DURATION MUCH IN DOUBT
t'Ulmatc Outcome of Hostilities Un
questioned, Lloyd George Tells
Commons, In Explaining Need
of Great finances.
LONDON', May 4. In presenting the
budget to the House of Commons to
day, the Chancellor of the Exchequer,
Iavid Lloyd Oeorge, estimated that it
the war lasted during the whole of the
fiscal year Great Britain's expenditure
in that time would be 1.136.434.000.
Mr. -Lloyd George estimated that the
total revenue for the year 1915-1916
would be 270,182,000. This is an in
crease of 43.638,000 over the total of
On the basis of a six months war,
the Chancellor continued, expenditures
for war, apart from advances to the
ollles of Great Britain, . would rise to
2,100.000 dally and the net deficit
would be 514.346,000. On the basis of
a 12 months- war the net deficit would
Country Must Ralac Sum.
That is the sum the country will
Iiave to raise in addition to the Gov
ernment's revenue during the course of
the present year, he said.
The Chancellor gave an Indication of
the colossal expenditure he had to pro
vide for in his opening sentence. "Up
to the end of the fiscal year," he said,
the not cost of the war has been
Xiioro than 307,000.000." He believes
ft review of the financial situation
would help the public to understand
the immensity of the task undertaken.
"The ultimate issue of the war is not
In doubt; only its duration," said the
Chancellor, and this It was which ren
dered his task difficult.
Much depended, the Chancellor con
tinued, on the operations of the next
two or three months. Experts gave
various predictions as to the duration
of the war, but the best of them could
not tell how long it would last. The
operations of the Summer alone could
Cive the Government a dependable posi
tion. w Tax Kot Contemplated.
The first eight months of the year
fflffst net 307,000,000. he said. The cost
Xias been progressive, greater during
the second four months than during the
first like period. One of the most im
portant announcements made by the
Chancellor was that no fresh taxes
were now contemplated. In this con
nection, he called attention, to what he
characterized the wonderful buoyancy
of the Income tax and tho super tax,
the actual yield being 69.399.000, an
Increase of nearly 8.000,00 over the
estimates. He said that the income
tax would be renewed in its present
form, with a slight modification, but
warned the House that if the war
were prolonged it would be his duty to
consider in what other form the gen
eral community could provide funds to
enable the country to carry on . the
war. - '
As a result of the year's operations,
the. Chancellor said, the National debt
was now 1,165,857,000.
Mr. Lloyd George did not consider
that the time had arrived to frame the
final policy for the whole year, as the
oharacter of th budget must depend
on the view of the Government whether
the war probably would last six
months or throughout the financial
Army Expenditure to lie Hlsh.
- Dealing with the revenue for the
coming year, the Chancellor estimated
the total from all sources would reach
270.332.000. He said that the fixed
death charge for the year would be
something like 50,000.000. The ex
penditure for the army would be
400,000.000 or 600,000,000, according
to whether the war lasted six months
or a year. On this same basis, the ex
penditure for the navy would be 100.
000. 000 or 146.000,000. He placed loans
to Great Britain's allies at f 200,000.000.
Mr. Lloyd George dealt at length with
the financial difficulties involved in
such huge operations and the commer
cial complications resulting from the
war. He thought the time had come
when measures should be taken of such
a nature that recruiting would not in
terfere with the work of providing
food supplies and munitions of war and
would injerfere as little as possible
with the output of commodities which
Great Britain exports and which en
able her to purchase munitions for
herself and her allies.
NAVAL CHIEF'S AIDE NAMED
Hoar-Admiral Benson's Staff Is' Be
"WASHINGTON. May 4. Secretary
Daniels today announced the selection
or captain voiney G. Chase, command
ing the battleship Virginia, as senioi
aide to Re.ar-Admjral Benson, who as
eumes duty as chief of naval opera
tions next Tuesday.
Other officers assigned to the newlj
authorized office of chief of naval
operations are Lieutenant Byron T. Mc.
Candless, gunnery officer on the bat
tleship Michigan, and Lieutenant "Wil
son Brown. Jr.. of the battleshin r.nn.
necticut. Secretary Daniels plans to
increase the staff of Rear-Admiral
Benson as the work of the office of
navaj operations develops.
I oss to Columbia llerds Heavy.
DAYTON, Wash., May 4. -(Snecial.1
About 600 ewes and young lambs
were lost by sheep owners in Colum
bia County last week owing to the
cudden cnange in weather and several
days' snow storm. The heaviest losses
were near Starbuck, where 200 ewes
were killed and their lambs died of
starvation. The Jacksons, of Tucanon
had not yet Bheared, bo lost no ewes
or yearlings, but 75 lambs died from
exposure. Other herds on the Tucanon
lost from 60 to 100 from their nui
Lers wherever early shearing had been
Idaho Oratorical Contest Is Held.
UNIVERSITY OF IDAHO. Moscow.
May 4. (Special.) J. O. Pond won the
'1915 Watkins oratorical contest this
year with an oration on "The Menace
of Political Indifference." Clarence
Johnson, in "Christianity and the Eu
ropean War"; Frank Koch, in "A Place
In the Sun": Dorothy Driscoll in "In
fluence of Women," and Willard Mc
Dowell, in "The Price of Militarism."
received mention by the judges.
received from their parents. In taking
the boys to jail Edgars broke away.
Outdistanced by the fleet-footed lad,
the officers were compelled to engage
a Jitney before he could be located.
Both boys will1 be' returned to their
KAISERIN SENDS THANKS
Gratitude Is Impressed to American
Bed Cross Society.
WASHINGTON. May 4. The Empress
of Germany has expressed her appre
ciation of the American Red Cross
work in behalf of Germany, through
Count von Bernstorff, German Ambas
sador, who sent today this letter to
Miss Mabel- T. Boardman at Red Cross
"I have been commanded by Her
Majesty, the Empress, and have the
honor to convey to you and to the
EUGENE CLUB'S PROMOTION
MANAGER PLANS NEW
; Ka -. it
: f-" . it
I -' f f 4
S. Dyke Hooper.
EUGENE. Or., May 4. (Spe
cial.) S. Dyke Hooper, elected
manager by the promotion board
of the Eugene Commercial Club
yesterday, has resided in Eugene
live years. He is a former Bos
ton)an, having devoted several
years to the wholesale paper
business there. Since he has lived '
in Eugene he has been a mem
ber of the firm of Hooper-Mayo
Timber Company. He announces
it his policy to eliminate many
of the "booster" trips and "boost
er" tactics, and conduct his office
from a business standpoint, with
a view to interesting new indus
tries in Eugene.
American Red Cross Society Her Ma
jesty's most heartfelt thanks for your
continued . ana generous activity in
rorwardmg charitable gifts ' to Ger
many and for the services rendered
by the American delegation of five
doctors and 22 nurses, who are doing
splendid work in Silesia.
2-DECK RATE ORDERED CUT
Interstate Acts in Favor of Sheep
men Using Southern Pacific.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, May 4. The Interstate Com
merce Commission today found unrea
sonable the Southern Pacific Railroad's
rate on sheep in double-deck cars
shipped from Midland. Or, to San Fran
cisco, and ordered this rate reduced.
The Southern Pacific charges twice o.-
much for hauling double-deck cars of
sheep as it charges for single-deck
The Commission orders that the rate
on double-deck cars shall be not more
than 170 per cent of the charge for
single-deck cars, on the ground that it
costs less to haul one double-deck car
than two single-deckers. The case was
decided on complaint of J. G. Johnson,
of San Francisco.
Land Case Being Argued.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, May 4. Argument of the
Booth-Kelly Lumber Company case
was begun before the Supreme Court
today and will be concluded tomor
row. The lumber company and the
Larauts are seeking to defend their
title to five timber land entries on
Brumbraugh creek, in Lane County,
Or., which were held by the Circuit
Court of Appeals to have been ac
Albert H. Tanner, of Portland, coun
sel for the lumber company and the
L,arauts, made the opening argument.
He will be followed tomorrow by As
sistant Attorney-General Knaebel for
the Government, which asks affirma
tion of the decree of the Circuit Court
Tslltcoos- Lake Span Issue Probed.
ROSEBURG. Or.. May 4. (Special.)
District Attorney Neuner returned
from Tsiltcoos Lake, where he went
to investigate a petition filed by 100
citizens protesting against the erec
tion of a bridge across the lake by
the Willamette-Pacific Railroad. The
petition contended that the construc
tion of such a bridge as planned by the
railroad company would prove a great
hindrance to navigation. District At
torney Neuner will- file his official
report with the County . Court at its
E. M. Cnderwood Talks- at Albany.
ALBANY. Or., May 4. (Special.) K
M. Underwood, credit man of Saling &
McCaltnan, wholesale hardware mer
chants, of Portland, addressed the Al
bany Retail Merchants' Association to
night. He spoke in the auditorium 6f
the Albany Public Libraiy, lo which the
merchants wont after their regular
dinner, held this evening at the St.
Krancis iiotel. .
Man Hurt by Power Wire "Yet Lives.
WENATCHEE. Wash.. May 4. (Spe
cial.) Dick Bray, 21, electrician, who
was severely burned while working on
a high-powered electric line at Bridge
port Friday, is making a game fight
for life at the Wenatchee Hospital. The
attending doctors believe that if he can
survive the five-day period he will
Oncers Use Jitney to Catcli Boy.
ROSEBURG, Or., May 4. (Special.)
Joe Edgard. of Marhneld, and Rex
I'ual, of Portland, both under 16 years
of age, were arrested by the officers
here yesterday on telegraphic advices
Labor Law Unconstitutional.
COLUMBUS. O.. May 4. The Ohio
statute, which prohibits an employer
from discharging an employe because
of the membership of the latter in a
labor union, was held unconstitutional
in a decision handed down by the State
Supreme Court today.
Centervllle Gets Rural Route.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, May 4. Rural route No. 3 will
be established at Centerville, Wash.,
June 1, to supply 103 families three
times a week. The route is' 29 miles
long and carrier's salary ?660.
By the use of rartlal vacuum the United
States Department of Agriculture has de-
eloped a hydroi-yanic acid process for rum
Igatlng Imported seed more rapidly then
"YTOU'LL find in these
J- young men's suits all the
clever style-ideas that are shown the
More than that, you'll find a sturdiness
in fabric and a sincerity in workman
ship that unite style and service through
long months of satisfactory wear.
$15, $18, $20, $22.50, $25,
Morrison at Fourth
Young men's suits are.
shown on the second
floor; you're, invited up
to see what Spring looks
REPRISALS FOR GAS
"Similar Expedients" May Be
Employed, Parliament Is
Told by War Office.
DELIBERATE NATURE SEEN
Sir John French Declares "Xeiv and
Illegal Weapon" Has Been XJped
Repeatedly and That Pro
test Will Be Useless.
LONDON, May 4. Speaking in the
House of Commons today, H. J. Ten
nant, parliamentary secretary of the
War Office, said Great Britain had
under consideration the question of
"employing similar expedients" against
the use by German troops on the bat
tlefield of asphyxiating gases.
There was given out in London to
day a report on the ise of the asphyxi
ating gases by the Germans from Sir
John French, commander-in-chief of
ho expeditionary force on the Conti
nent, which says:
"A week before the Germans first
used this method they announced in
their reports that" we were making
use of asphyxiating gases.
! Carefully Planned.
"At tbat time there appeared to
e no reason for this astounding false
hood. Now it is obvious that it was
part of a scheme, and it is further
proof of the deliberate nature of the
introduction by the Germans of this
new and illegal weapon. It shows they
recognized its illegality and that they
were anxious to forestall neutral and
possibly domestic criticisms.
"Since the enemy first made use
of this method of covering his ad
vance with a cloud of poisoned air, he
has repeated both in offense and de
fense wherever the wind has been fa
vorable. "The efect of this poison is not
merely disabling or painlessly fatal,
as has been suggested in the German
press. . Those victims who do not suc
cumb on the field and who can be
brought into hospitals suffer acutely
and a large proportion of the cases die
a painful and lingering death.
Survivors Permanently Affeeted.
"Those who survive are in little bet
ter shape, as the injury to their lungs
appears to be of a permanent char
acter and reduces them to a condition
which point to their being invalids
for life. These effects must have been
well known to the German scientists
who devised this new weapon and to
the military authorities who sanc
tioned its use.
"I am of the opinion that the ene
my has definitely decided to use these
gases as a normal procedure, and that
protests will be useless." -
quet. Among the notable speakers are
W. C. Pearce. secretary of the Interna
tional Sunday School Association, I. W.
Williamson, of Vancouver, B.. C, and
Charles A. Phlpps, of the Oregon Association.
MAN, SHOT TWICE, SILENT
Victim at Cottage Grove Refuses to
COTTAGE GROVE. Or., May A.
(Special.) C. Ambrose, a Cottage
Grove resident of a few weeks, lies
at the Schleef Hospital here in a seri
ous condition with two bullet wounds
in his body.
Mr. Ambrose refuses to tell how he
received the wounds and refuses to
make a complaint. The man supposed
to have inflicted the wounds has made
no attempt to leave the city, but is
Just as silent as the wounded man.
CHAMPAGNE BOTTLES FEW
Albany Sponsor Seeks Long for Con
tainer for Calapoola Water.
ALBANY. Or., May 4. (Special.) In
dicating that Albany is really as well
as legally "dry,' is the circumstance
that Miss Beulah Hinckley, who is to
represent Albany at the "wedding of
the waters" at the opening of the Celilo
canal, had difficulty n complying with
the committee's request that she bring
the water of the Calapooia River in a
When Miss Hinckley received the in
structions she asked some of the direc
tors of the Commercial Club to secure
the necessary bottle, and it was some
time before one could be found, finally
however, the necessary bottle was dis
covered, but the man bringing it in did
not indicate where he unearthed It. ,
Teachers Head Camping Party.
LA CENTER, Wash.. May 4. (Spe
cial.) Four ninth grade boys and two
teachers left Friday on a week-end
outing at Mt St. Helens. Those who
went are: Principal Frank McEntirc.
Professor Homer McEntire, Claude
Anderson, Byrl Shellhart, George
Headley, Eldon Bryee. The party
made camp at 11 o'clock Saturday
morning, with the temperature at six
degrees above zero. They climbed
Turn Turn Mountain Sunday morning
and then started for home.
Washington Growers Let Contract.
CENTRALIA, Wash., May 4. (Spe
cial.) The Washington Fruitgrowers'
Association has closed a deal with
Robinson & Company, a large whole
sale fruit and berry concern, whereby
the latter will handle practically the
entire output of marketable fruit of
Centralia growers this season.
Sunday School Convention at Kelso.
KELSO. Wash., May 4. (Special.)
With a large number of delegates in
attendance, the twenty-eighth annual
Western Washington Sunday School
convention opened its sessions last
night witb. a bis "get acquainted" ban-
Suit Against Albany Doctors Lost.
ALBANY, Or., May 4. (Special.)
Judge Kelly, of ine Circuit Court, has
dismissed the action of Iris W. T.
Oliver against Drs. J. P. and B. It.
Wallace for $25,000, brought last Janu
ary, for alleged malpractice In setting
a fracture of the shoulder in January,
1913. nearly two years ago. The de
fendants were prepared with testimony
from leading medical men. residing in
various parts of the state, among them
Drs. A. K. Rockey, J. Christ O Oay, X.
W. Kirby, of Portland: Dr. W. H. .Dale,
of Harrisburg; Dr. Johnson, of Cor-
vallis, as well as physicians from Al
bany, who stated that the treatment by
the Drs. Wallace of the case in ques
tion was thoroughly scientific and ac
cording to the latest approved methods.
The defendants were represented by
Attorneys Weatherford & Weatherford,
of Albany, and Charles J. Schnabel, of
Fredrich Blackwcll, Moscow, Dies.
MOSCOW, Idaho, May 4. (Special.)
Fredrich Blackwell, father-in-law oi
Representative Fred C. McGowan, of
this city, died Saturday following a
short illness. Mr. Blackwell was 71
years old and a native of England. For
35 years he was engaged in the book
binding business in Racine, Wis. He
moved to Dreary, Idaho, seven years
ago and then here two months ago.
The deceased is survived by his widow,
one son, George B. Blackwell, of
Seattle, and his daughter, Mrs. F. C.
McGowan, of Moscow.
Fire Wipes Out Richland Block.
RICHLAND. Or., May 4. (Special.)
Fire of unknown cause destroyed
the Keller and Carson business block
shortly after midnight. The entire
business district was threatened for
some time, but the blaze is now under
WILSON REFUSES COPIES
COLOUADO LETTERS DENIED TO IX
Replying to Request of Federal Inves
tigators, President Says Publicity
Is Deemed V n wtwr.
WASHINGTON, May 4. President
Wilson today declined to furnish the
Federal Industrial Relations Commis
sion with a copy of correspondence be
tween himself and Governor Amnions,
of Colorado, which had been requested
by Basil M. Manly, representing the
Commission, "to complete its record of
its investigation into the Colorado coal
In transmitting the refusal to the
Commission, Secretary Tumulty merely
said that the President did not deem It
advisable to give publicity to the let
ters. Frank P. Walsh, chairman of the
Commission, in a statement issued
recently, asserted that a representative
of John D. Rockefeller, Jr had pre
pared a letter to be- sent by Governor
Ammons to the President on the strike
situation. Governor Ammons later de
nied that Mr. Rockefeller or his rep
resentatives had anything to do with
preparing any of his communications.
MILL PLANS ARE EXTENDED
Corn pa n y Announced to Handle Pro
posed Road Into Cascade Reserve.
ROSEBURG. Or.. May 4. (Special.)
In a letter received here yesterday
from S. A. Kendall, of Pittsburg, At
torney O. P. Coshow, counsel for Ken
dall broihers, is asked to prepare for
the incorporation here of a company
for handling the proposed railroad
from this city to the line of the Cas
cade Forest Reserve. In the Incor
poration papers Kendall brothers ask
for a provision whereby the railroad
eventually' may be extended across the
state to Boise, Idaho.
Another feature mentioned in the
letter is the fact that Kendall broth
ers propose to erect at Roseburg a
sawmill of 250,000 feet daily capacity,
instead of 200,000 feet as originally
Monmouth Man Hangs Self.
MONMOUTH. Or., May 4. (Special.)
C. Wolf committed suicide yesterday
by hanging himself. Despondency was
the cause, and for some time Mr. Wolf
has not been in good health. Mrs. Wolf
went to the barn to get feed for the
chickens when she found her husband.
Caldwell Band to Play.
CALDWELL. Idaho. May 4. (Special.)
The first open-air concert by the
Caldwell brass band will be given Fri
day night. The officers of the organiza
tion are: D. J. Brown, president; H. R.
Hammond, secretary; Joseph Kahn,
treasurer; board of managers. R. B.
Hartenbower, Joseph Kahn and C. H
Caldwell Superintendent Named.
CALDWELL. Idaho, May 4. (Special.)
The board of trustees elected H. H.
Clifford, of Three Rivers, Mich., superin
tendent of the Caldwell schools. Mr.
Lemon, editor of the Caldwell News,
was also a candidate for the position.
Only Three Days
Schwan Piano Co. Discontinued New Models
This Piano Within
Surely no need to wait longer.
$237 $5 Cash, With Double Credit of
$10 $1.50 Weekly
buys this new Davis & Sons piano
(market value $350), fully guaran
teed; a full-size Upright Grand in
fine mahogany and oak, with stool to
match. No interest, no extras.
New Pianos From $195 to $650
You Are Musical
Pianists simply play the musical im
pulses you feel; you need but own
this Player-Piano to acquire the me
dium of expressing all your musical
$410 $12.50 Cash. With Double Credit
of $25 $2.50 Weekly
Every "Master Piece" is yours to play
expressing joy, sadness, religious
feeling as the music or impulse
Player Pianos From $390 to $950
COME IN TODAY! Glad to have you try the many new pianos and Player
Pianos HERE ARE ALL GRADES ALL DEPENDABLE ALL GUAR
ANTEED and all actually 25 greater in value than prices quoted else
where, besides we charge no interest with terms 5 cash, 3 monthly.
I-ree VVlth Every Player Piano --" In Player Rolls Durlns Sale.
New Erm Music Roll ISc Roll. Your Old Piano Taken In Kxehange.
Privilege of Exchange Within One Year for Any New Piano Von May Select.
We Allow Full Amount Paid to Date.
FIRST-CLASS TUNING I'PRIGHTS, 2j GRANDS. f2.S0. PHONE MAIN B232
VISIT OUR PLAYER PIANO ROLL EXCHANGE DEPARTMENT.
Sell wan . PIa.no Co.
Wholesale and Retail.
Manufacturers' toa.xt Dtrlutors. Ill Fourth Street.
"IliiJ STORK THAT CHARGES SiO INTEREST."
"In 1871 the Case
Company aided in
steam buggy. 1
- J. W. Carhart.
Original 0rom fiuvov- ,' m pirfwr f v
Notice the difference
etween this steam buggy
I the present-day CASE
Car. This contrast pictures
better than anything else the prog
ress of the Case Company during the
past forty-four years.
Since the earliest day of horseless car
riaeesthe Case engineers have keDt aoaca
-often ahead of motor car development.
The present CASE car U
the result of years of study,
years of development.
The picture of the CASE
Car may look like other au
tomobiles it, too, has four
wheels and a hood and a
But it is built ia the CASE
way. TTiere's the difference.
The CASE Company could
sever consent to produce a
car less reliable than its other
products. For 72 years the
CASE name has been an
honored one because the
Company has kept faith with
men. Our motives
may be selfish in
But we are deter
mined to make
CASE Cars worthy
of the name they
Tbia justifies our
proved to those in
terested that the
In looking at the
CASE you would
merely see its style,
its finish, Its room
iness. In driving it
you merely "feel"
its power, control,
and comfort, a f$
But when you come to
go into construction details
when you commence to
compare it detail by de
tail then you commence to
realize its Hidden Values.
When you have driven it
for several years when you
look back at the lack of re
pair bills and the low oper
ating costs then you know
it is honestly built. You re
alize that only superior ma
terials have been used, made
Th. ir of If-
and put together by pains-j
There are 33 ways we
could have made a CASE
couting less but it would
have been a car less perfect, j
We have built for you the
kind of car you'd want to
build for yourself. We sin-
cerely believe it is the best
car of its class and as good i
as cars costing far more. .
While we have never1
"skimped" on the car to
reduce Its price there are
two ways we save where
others must spend:
1. This car ia
built in the im
mense CASE plant,
backed by CASE
engineers. We lost
no time or money
in establishing our
motor car depart
ment. 2. The CASE
Car is sold by our
o r ganisation
thus save the usual
heavy selling ex
pense. Wtiat we save ia
these two items
goes right back
Into the car. Other
wise it never could
be priced so low.
price, remember, In-
eludes as regular equipment
an Extra Tire, Extra In
ner Tube on Kim nuith Cov
er, Weed A'on - Skid Tire
Chains and 8 Day Clock.
This wonderful CASE Car
and its extra equipment
for $1350, 5 per cent discount
Will you coma in today to
see this car? We are always
glad to show it, without ob
J. I. CASE T. M. COMPANY, Inc., Racine, Wis.
Branch House at 322 East Clay Street
Tons of Steel
The Pennsylvania Railroad Com
pany has asked for proposals on
millions of dollars of steel and
will follow the theory of helping
the other fellow first, that they
may help themselves.
That applies to your case, too
don't put off buying "just be
cause." It hurts.
Tula la the time of all tlmrnl
for the 1'. S. A. to make vast I
trldra. .rt'm all art hasy.