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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 27, 1915)
THE MORNING OREGOXIATT, TUESDAY, APRIE 2T, 1915.
v rORILA'D, OBEGON.
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JJ'ORTLAM), TIESOAY. APRIL 7, 1913,
. fcllOl l.l) WE DKOr THE TAKIFF ISSUE?
t' In an address to the American
Newspaper Publishers' Association
"James J. Hill made a plea for cessa
tion of tariff agitation as a political
issue. He had been referring to "the
Cpower of the publisher to change pop
ular standards and create a different
publlc demand." He discerned as "one
" exercise of the admitted influence of
.tlie newspaper upon public opinion"
-4Bi?ns that "a determined effort will be
inade to give the tariff the leading
3laee in the next National campaign."
Cl-lb referred not to readjustment of
particular items, but to another gen
cral upward revision. He held that
'a reopening of the whole tariff ques
tion with a view to the restoration of
'practices that brought disaster can
ilook only toward an increase of prices
2nd be justified only by a promised
increase in wages," and ho contended
"that these things are not desirable at
"the cost at which they must be ob
tained. He argued that we can sell
"our surplus products abroad only at
low prices in competition with other
Aviations and that higher wages would
'prevent our making such prices and
would continue a large measure of
..unemployment. He then made this
appeal to the newspapers:
K.;p?rlenca has shown that every general
rcoiiu:r-tru'.li.n. of the tariff, whether tor
belter or for worse, means at leant two years
ol doubt, hesitation, bad business. The
eornal see-saw of tariff tips ant! :ownt
costs tho country much more than It would
tw live ouitly evn under a bad tariff sys
tem. iome tia perhu u, the luea of taking
the tarllt out of politic, and confining its
resolution to a commission of exports, will
lie realized, l.i tho meantime, wliiic there
.m:iy be pome inlMukes to rectify and some
ilems to l.e re-wriitn in tho llcht of stu
pendous trade changes That have occurred,
imitation for arty wholesale tariff overturn
iiiy mii!t he bad for everybody, and l'or
lahor worst of all. The reason for express
ing these views here is that, if the news
papers of tho country mako it plain that
they will disapprove of such a movement,
which cun have only a political motive and
only unfortunate industrial consequence,
the attempt will not be made. It seems to
it1e thut here lies an opportunity for you to
perform a rent public service, and to rise
still .further above tho bo of blind suhserv
ieri ;o to party which has been tho bane ot
the press of every country and of every age.
The Oregonian has for years advo
cated the same policy as Mr. Hill ad
vances that the tariff be taken out
of politics. We have urged that the
bf-st means of so doing is to confide
Its regulation to a commission. This
can be brought about only by persis
tent agitation, for powerful influences
oppose it. That idea can be realized
only by inducing Congress practically
to abdicate one of Its most important
powers. Congress would do so' only
In response to an overwhelming public
sentiment, which can bo created only
by persistent discussion and agitation.
Hence we can best attain that which
Mr. Hill desires take the tariff out
of politics by doing that which he
asks us not to do continue tb ugitate
the tariff question.
This agitation is not now aimed at
a genoriil revision of the tariff as soon
as a Ilepubliean Administration gains
office. The Republican party realizes
that the earliest time at which it would
be possible to begin revision would be
the Spring erf. 1917. Unless the expect
ed revulsion of public opinion should
be great enough to transfer control of
the Senate to the Republicans In that
year, revision may not become possi
ble until 1019. Thus we shall be
obliged against our will to make the
best of the present tariff for two years
and possibly for four years.
But during that interval great prog
ress may be made In ripening public
opinion in favor of a commission. The
idea has taken strong hold and is
gaining favor in the Republican party.
A good beginning was made at putting
It in practice under the Taft Adminis
tration, but the accession of the Demo
crats to office prevented it from bear
ing fruit in actual revision along the
lines laid down by the commission.
JJemoL-nita have been hostile to the
commission policy. President "Wilson
having declared a commission unnec
essary in 1912, but their hostility has
shown signs of abatement recently.
JThey have represented that the func
tions of a tariff commission are per
formed by the Bureau of Domestic and
Foreign Commerce and will be per
formed by the Federal Trade Commis
Jsion. This is true in a very limited
The conditions are propitious for
Jawakening public sentiment in fa
vor of a commission of high stand
ting, large powers and undoubted non
"Sartisanship. That done, the Repub
licans, even if slightly outnumbered in
the Senate in 1917," might win over
Cnough Democrats to pass a commis
sion bill in that year. The commission
could then get to work and, if the
Democrats opposed, adoption of its
recommendations, could have revision
iif several schedules ready for ratifica
tion by Congress as soon as the Re
publicans gained , a majority in the
Establishment of a tariff commis
sion will be more than ever advisable
when the war ends, for the basic con
ditions governing tariff schedules will
then have undergone a radical change
Jn consequence of the present world
convulsion. Scarcity of labor, high, in
terest and taxes may have advanced
the cost of production in Europe much
nearer an equality with that prevailing
?n the United States than were the
Comparative costs before the war. The
Inly basis for a tariff which will be
permanently acceptable to the Amerl--t
an people is the difference in cost of
production. It will not be possible to
Ascertain this difference with any cer
tainty until conditions the world over
have again become normal. A tariff
commission should be created in time
to begin its inquiries as soon as the
world has settled down. Meanwhile
the conditions produced by the war
may nullify the worst effects of the
Underwood tariff. . -
Uncle Sam is slow, aggravating!
Blow, but he sets there finally in mak
ing a real estate deal. He began buy
ing the Oregon City locks years ago.
and he has just closed the deal. Yet
he proposes to remain the landlord of
60 per cent of Oregon. If he should,
a boy would no sooner be born than
his parents would need to begin nego
tiations with Uncle Sam for a farm for
him to liv'e on. Then the boy would
get the lease signed about the time
when he reached his majority.
DOOMED TO SLAUGHTER.
Writing from France, where he sees
trained soldiers under fire and green
soldiers under training, Robert R. Mc
Men can be so trained in peace that they
are good soldiers at the beginning of the
war. the Germans, French and English
nave shown it in this war cone. Our reg
ulars have shown it in every war.
.Untrained men are never, good in their
They are doomed to panic and frightful
toss or lire.
This slaughter is the gift of the anti
militarists to our .Nation.
Secretary of State Bryan said, in op
position to the training of which Mr.
Mccormick wrote in the first para
graph quoted, that at the call of the
President a million men would rush to
arms. These would be untrained men,
who, as Mr. McCormick says, would
be "doomed to panic and frightful
loss of life." He evidently refers to
people of Mr. Bryan's way of thinking
when he says: "This slaughter is the
gift of the anti-militarists," though
they are by no means the only anti
militarists. The Bryan kind of anti
militarists profess a particular abhor
rence to bloodshed, yet would delay
preparation to defener the country un
til the attack began. Then they would
send their million untrained men to
The Oregonian also is anti-militarist,
but its anti-militarism is of the
Swiss type.-. Switzerland preserves
peace by being prepared for war. It
keeps it soil inviolate with war raging
north, east and west of it and threat
ening south of it. That' type of anti
militarism would withstand militarism
by fighting it, while the Bryan type
would inevitably be crushed by it.
GERMANY HITS FIRST.
The'second battle of Ypres appears
to surpass the first in fury. Tho Ger
mans apparently have duplicated the
trick played on them by the British at
Xeuvo Chapelle by secretly concentrat
ing large forces of infantry and artil
lery and by suddenly launching a furi
ous attack on the British positions
east and northeast of Ypres. Their
first success seems to have been due
to the use of bombs loaded with as
phyxiating gas, which for the time
overpowered the men in the first line
of British trenches.
As to what- extent of ground they
gained and actually held, official re
ports conflict as usual. The Germans
claim to have gained more ground
since the battle began, while the Brit
ish claim to have recovered much of
what they lost. The probability is that
a British counter-attack has recovered
lost - ground at the original points of
attack, but that the Germans have
gained at other points, as the fighting
extended further along the front.
Germany, forewarned of an early
allied attack with greatly augmented
forces, appears to have anticipated it
in accordance with the maxim that
the defensive is an offensive. The
Germans knew that the British had
landed more than 500,000 fresh troops
in France and they determined to
break the allied line, if possible, be
fore these new troops could be brought
to the front and broken into actual
warfare -as supports in local engage
ments." By an offensive movement the
Germans could foil the British plans
and make another effort to break
through the allied line to the coast.
The present was the most favorable
time, for the thaw and the floods have
rendered Poland impassable for both
German and Russian armies, and Ger
many could therefore safely transfe
largo forces from east to west. With
Italy hesitating on the" brink of war
and with the Balkan states growing
nervous at . the spectacle of allied at
tacks on the Dardanelles and of Rus
sians at the crest of the Carpathians,
the psychology of the situation de
manded that Germany score a decided
success. The best chance of success
offered itself when 500, 000 Germans
could be spared from tho east and be
fore an additional 500,000 British came
upon the scene.
Lord Kitchener "tippctf off his
hand" when he said the war would
really begin in May, and Germany took
the tip with profit to herself by hitting
Let him who never has put any
faith in the horseshoe, the rabbit's foot
or the new moon cast the first stone
at Admiral Dewey for patronizing the
esoteric Captain Rand. This gentle
man is a manufacturer of lucky stones.
He makes them by the thousand, ap
parently, and has lately been haled into
court by some disappointed investor
in his wares, or by some envious offi
cial of the Government, we scarcely
know which. The charge against him
is that he has been using the mails to
defraud the purchasers of his occult
treasures and to defend himself he has
summoned a cloud of testimony, among
them one from Admiral Dewey.
The Admiral purchased a lucky
stone several years ago and for a long
time permitted a reference to the fact
in the advertisements with which the
land was plentifully showered by the
cabalistic Captain. But of late he has
withdrawn the permission. . It seems
that he was overwhelmed with letters
of inquiry about the mystical virtues of
his purchase. Did it help him with the
battle of Manila Bay? Where was it
when he thought of running for Presi
Since Admiral Dewey has treasured
the lucky stone all these years we
must perforce believe that he seta a
high value upon it. Indeed there is
no evidence that Captain Rand de
frauds his customers, while there is
any quantity of testimony to the necro
mantic powers of the stones he sells.
One of the witnesses at the trial never
made a successful deal in his life until
he purchased one of Captain Rand's
lucky stones. Now everything he
touches turns into gold.
The stones will even cure diseases.
A young woman suffering from neu
ralgia placed one of them, for which
she paid a dollar, near the seat of the
pain and in a little while she was quite
at ease. The misery had vanished. A
dependable neuralgia cure is cheap at
Captain Rand ascribes the healing
effect of the stones as well as their
command over fickle fortune to their
"psychic power." He confessed on the
witness stand that he did not know
what he meant by "psychic power,"
but that makes no difference. The
phrase has an occult sound and it
reads well in advertisements. It must
fascinate the minds of peaders, for the
Captain sells M4.000 worth of his tal
ismans every year, some of them to
most estimable people. Witness Ad
miral Dewey's purchase, for example
A distinguished New York editor has
said that at least two-fifths of the in
habitants of the earth still believe in
witchcraft. The estimate is probably
rather low. We should put it at three-
fifths, or even five-fifths in a pinch.
Who does not occasionally forsake the
hard highway of cause and effect and
momentarily at least stake his trust
on the witching efficacy of a horse
shoe picked up In the road or the new
moon seen over the left shoulder?
Captain Rand's lucky stones are just
as valuable as a rabbit's foot, a buck
eye, or a dishrag pinned up over the
front door. As long as one remem
bers the good they seem to bring and
forgets the evil they do not prevent,
faith in them can flourish like the
green bay tree.
A MUNICIPAL ORGAN.
Portland, Me., has a municipal or
gan, a pleasing possession, one would
think. A.Philadelphia publisher who
gratefully remembered an old musi
cian of Portland, a Mr. Kotszchmar,
gave the organ to keep his image alive
in the people's hearts. The instrument
is of rather magnificent pretensions,
having cost some $30,000. It has been
erected in Portland's new City Hall,
l-which has a comfortable auditorium
and every Sunday afternoon it is used
for public exercises.
An accomplished organist employed
by the city at a dignified salary pre'
sides over the organ. The exercises
begin with a community sing which
lasts for ten minutes or so. not long
enough to tire anybody. The words
are printed on slips which are distrib
uted through the audience and tho or
ganist takes good care that everybody
sings In time and tune. If some do
not it matters little, since their linger
ing discords are drowned by the har
monious thunders of the crowd and
the instrument. '
After the commuity sing comes a
sermon, which by inexorable edict
must be unsectarian. The exercises
close with half an hour of pure organ
music, a fugue by Bach, some tidbits
from Tschaikowski's Pathetic Sym
phony, and the like. The music is as
good as the most high-browed artist
could ask for and yet the people like
it. They submit to wait till the last
note is played before putting their bon
nets and shawls on, and, it is said, no
body talks during the performance.
This is another bit of evidence that
the common superstition, "The public
does not enjoy good music," is all non
sense. The public does not enjoy dull
music, iwhich is quite a different thing
from good music. Portland's Sunday
afternoon exercises seem remarkably
well devised. Some might think that
the sermon, which lasts ten minutes
by municipal ordinance, 13 a little too
long, but we dare say it is patiently
endured for the sake of the music.
Perhaps Reed College will be moved
to make some such delightful Sabbath
use of its new organ in due time.
THE WAR AND DANISH BUTTER.
The National Geographical Society
has issued an interesting circular giv
ing the effects of the European war
on the sale of Danish butter. This
great staple of international commerce
no longer finds markets it did before
the war broke out and the consequent
loss to the Danish dairymen will be
heavy. In normal times their butter
sells for a dollar a pound, which is a
better price than the dairymen of any
other country can obtain. It is sold
fresh in England, where it is a luxury
To distant parts of the world It is
shipped in tins, and the packing is so
adept that it is not injured by the
prolonged heat of the tropical sun.
Travelers in Burma h and South Africa
tell of using Danish butter. It goes
wherever white men fight or trade.
But now the Danes find it piling up
in their warehouses, with no outlet
until the ships of the world are again
free to traverse the high seas. -
There is an instructive story con
nected with the production of Danish
butter. It is not many years since the
farmers of Denmark practiced that
sterile and impoverishing individualism
which prevails in so many parts of the
United States. Each man made but
ter on his own premises in his own
way. There was no common standard,
no system of grading, no rigorous cer
tification of quality and precious little
quality to certify in any case. The but
ter could not be sold, and the farmers
grew poorer every year. .
In that crisis a genius arose who, by
founding the rural folk schools and
by, other wise' measures, taught the
Danish farmers to co-operate in dairy
ing and general farm work. The art of
scientific butter-making was thorough
ly studied. The dairies were vigilantly
inspected by women employed co
operatively. Each farm was, and is.
visited every week by a trained in
spector, with whose work politics never
mingled. High standards were fixed
and 'inexorably enforced. No man was
permitted to market his own dairy
produce. It was all done through the
The same system was presently ex
tended to veal, pork and every other
farm product, with the result that the
Danish farmers became the most pros
perous in the world. Their experience
has a lesson for America. The evil
consequences of the great war will pass
away In due time, but the good effects
of their wise and prolitable co-operation
will endure forever.
WAR'S EFFECTS ON AFRICA. .
One Important result of the war is
likely to be a new partition of Africa.
In that continent Germany has most
persistently striven for a place in the
sun. She has acquired considerable
possessions there, but they are widely
separated. She has on the East coast
German East Africa, sandwiched be
tween British East Africa on the north
and British Rhodesia and Portuguese
Mozambique on the south. On the
West coast she has Southwest Africa,
with British South Africa on the south
and east and Portuguese Angola on
the north; Kamerun, between British
Nigeria and French Congo; and Togo
land, between the British Gold Coast
and French Dahomey on the Gulf of
In an article in the Atlantic Monthly
Hans Delbrueck recalls a division
which he proposed in 1912 as satis
factory to Germany and which he still
considers -right. He would have that
country join- Britain and France in
purchasing all the Portuguese coloniesj
ana would nave France transfer to
Germany the reversionary right to buy
the Belgian Congo. He would then
hand over to Britain German East
Africa, with Mozambique and Lorenzo
Marques, acquired from PortugaT,'
while Britain would give up to France
Gambia, Sierra Leone and the Gold
Coast and-would give Nigeria to Ger
many. France would give Germany
Dahomey, the French Congo and the
right to buy the Belgian Congo and
would take Portuguese Guinea on the
West coast. Germany would also take
Portuguese Angola and the small Por
tuguese colony of Kabinda, north of
the Congo's mouth, and would buy the
mall Spanish colony of Rio Muni,
which juts into Kamerun on the
The advantage which Herr Del
brueck sees for the three colonial
powerjs in this arrangement Is that
their possessions would be consoli
dated. Britain would have the entire
East coast from the Mediterranean to
the Cape of Good Hope except Italian
Eritrea and Italian Somaliland, and
would be free to carry out the cher
ished scheme for a Cape-to-Cairo rail
road through her own territory. Ger
many would have the West coast from
the boundary of Cape Colony to a
point half way along the north side of
the Gulf of Guinea; as well as the
great Congo Basin in the. heart of
Africa. France would have the entire
northwest, except the Spanish corner
of Morocco and Rio de Oro. Italy
would retain Tripoli besides the two
colonies already named. Abyssinia
would remain the only independent
country in the continent.
Were the fate of these territories to
be decided by the course of hostilities
within them, this programme could
pot easily be carried out, for the allies
have made serious inroads on the Ger
man colonies on the West coast, while
the British have made little or no
progress In German East Africa. But
the 'fate of Africa will be decided on
the battlefields of Europe. If Ger
many should win. she would keep all
her present colonies and take all that
Mr. Delbrueck proposed she should ac.
quire in trade, while the allies would
celebrate victory by wiping out Ger
many as a colonial power.
Africa is the one remaining field for
colonization. Americans have an in
terest in its fate, for the freer scope
European powers have there, the less
liftely are they to seek an outlet in the
Western Hemisphere and provoke dis
putes with this country.
xne bcliool Bulletin publishes a
pretty poem by Phillppa Norton Sher
man, who is a seventh-grade pupil. It
is entitled "The Birth of a-Buttercup"
and shows bright fancy as well as
competent mastery of. English. Of
course it is not perfect. Orchestras
do not sing as a rule. Choirs do the
singing. And drinks are not "real fresh
and cold" except in pages of false
syntax. But the poem is creditable to
the girl who wrote it.
Metolius has planted 1000 trees on
its streets. The country where that
pretty town is situated rather lacks
timber and shaded streets will contrast
pleasantly with the surrounding fields
The "Searchlight" publishes an exhor
tation by the Mayor urging all good
citizens to help protect the trees. The
best safeguard of public property is an
aroused public conscience.
Modern warfare sips honey from
every flower. Its latest triumph is an
adaptation of an ancient and not very
pleasant Chinese weapon. The "asphyx
iating bombs" of which we read are
enlarged and glorified stinkpots. The
invention" is Chinese, but consider how
Christian civilization has improved it.
Boston has 9413 women qualified to
vote at school elections. At the elec
tion Just held less than 41 per cent of
them voted. This slothful neglect of
duty is being used as an anti-suffrage
argument in Massachusetts. It is a
pretty good one.
Chicago's mammoth "prosperity pa
rade" is probably an indication that
good times are with us again. And yet
a man with perfect digestion seldom
mentions his stomach. It is usually
an invalid who boasts of his health.
The knowledge acquired by the
dwellers in the Brazilian Eden from
the tree of knowledge seems to have
been that work makes a person tired.
They must have , been the original I.
The Angels are at the top and the
Beavers at the bottom, but there is
nothing to prevent the Beavers win
ning today but the mere matter of
basting tho ball.
The British press censor is not so
intolerant after all. After he has killed
the new he lets the newspaper fill
the vacant space with "roasts" on him.
There is a deficiency of nearly four
teen inches of rainfall around here,
but do not mention it and break the
charm until the Angels go away.
Hood River thinks its apple crop
will not be as large as usual this year.
However, the quality will be u,p to
Deputy Sheriffs Phillips and Beck-
man did great work in catching the
highwayman an hour after the crime.
The Albers mill fire was an object
lesson in the wisdom of building fire
proof structures on the waterfront.
.The forty American peace women
held up on the Noordam are Just as
well off as at The Hague.
Intense heat in the East will breed
the usual frost to kill the Michigan
and Delaware peach crops.
With Major McAlexander back at
Corvallis, why not bring the regiment
to the Rose Festival?
Yesterday was traveling day and
Portland fans were saved an attack
of heart staggers.
Senator Chamberlain's lantern show
will be a bigger attraction than Bryan
The moral of the Crcsswell slaugh
ter of the innocents is: "Stop look.
The widow of "Silent" Smith wanted
something to raise, her children being
Italy is as slow about making up
her mind as a woman buying a hat.
The Czar has inspected Przemysl,
but has not changed its name.
If a man; cannot do more, he can at
least clean up the basement.
The agony of choosing the queen
will, begin Saturday.
Everybody get a haircut for clean
up week. ... ,
Great days for the choppers.
At last the locks are free.
Twenty-Five Years Ago
From The Oregonian of April 27. 1890.
Henry M. Stanley, the noted explorer,
is in London. Coming from Berlin he
was escorted to Ostend by the King of
Belgium. Thousands of persons gath
ered at Victoria Station to catch a
glimpse of him. He will be the guest
of the Prince of Wales.
An alarm of fire was turned in at 2:34
this morning, owing to a tire in the
Parrish building, at Front and Wash
ington streets. The fire was discovered
by a. barber who sleeps in the Metro
politan barber shop. The firemen were
slow in responding, but did good work
after their arrival, gaining - control ol
the flames in 1 sw.niinutes. The damage
will be considerable when estimated.
The First National "Bank of 'McMinn
ville recently declared a dividend of
10 per cent and also passed $3000 over
to the surplus fund.
The Western Union Telegraph Com
pany's messengers have appeared for
the first time in attractive uniforms.
The boys are- very proud of their ap
pearance and so are. the girls, we sup
pose. t i
Last evening about 7 o'clock Charles
Xewman was run over by a horse and
buggy which was driven by Maurice
McKim, a crier In the United States
Court. Newman escaped serious injury.
The steam fishing schooner George H.
Chance has returned from fishing the
banks off Cape Flattery. Her cargo
coirMsts of 40,000 pounds of halibut and
60J0 pounds of cod.
A lively runaway and smashup oc
curred yesterday at the intersection of
Front and Stark streets. While I. M.
Canning was selecting some new har
ness for his horse, his animal, hitched
to a buggy, became frightened and ran
away, upsetting the buggy, which was
smashed, and the horse injured its
C. P. Huntington, the railroad king.
wa3 in Portland yesterday with the
lawyers, officials and secretaries of his
road. They were at the Portland Hotel
and local railroad functionaries danced
attendance upon him. He Is in this
part of the country viewing the situ
ation, but was suffering from such a
cold that he -refused to be interviewed.
Mrs. W. Clarke Lee. modiste, late of
Louisville, Ky., at home i21 B street,
is now. prepared to mal.e a limited
number of evening gowns, tea gowns
and street costumes in the newest
S. L. Stone, the popular retail mer
chant of Portland, is now on the high
road to recovery.
Aden Stark, who died a few days
ago at Milford. Ind.. was one of the
characters in the story of "The Hoosier
tcnoot Master." which made Edward
fc-ggieston famous as an author. It was
the house of Stark's father that was
robbed and the place is still pointed
out as such to tourists.
Hon. D. P. Thompson, the Republican
catiaiaaie ror tiovernor. narrowlv
escaped death yesterday at First and
wasnington streets, when a telephone
pole erosstree dropped on his shoulder.
Jt knocked him to the sidewalk Hart
It hit his head it would have killed
General IX. A. Alsrer. of MIMiin-ar.
Mrs. Alprer, their two sons and three
daughters, Mrs. John A. Logan her
daughter. Mrs. Tucker, and Miss Henry
o.nveu iron can Francisco yesterday
on tho overland. THey were fittingly
received by prominent residents of the
Mr. and Mrs. Geortre Onnri nn? mi.
bailie rewis leave for Europe in a fe
OX COLLECTIXO WATER ItKNTS
Present System All Rlsbt It Tou Knovr
the Law, Says, K. F1. Smith.
PORTLAND. Ariril 5(5 (Tn h. t-ai.
lr-) Referring to the present system
oi. cunecung water rates, about which
complaint has been made to the City
Council, I was opposed to the change
when it was up for consideration and
voted against It on the ground of ex
pediency, but it is the law, and from
the landlord's standpoint I fall to
anything unfair or unreasonable about
it. Having lived Tor 25 years In a city
where our present system was In
vogue, it is in no way novel to me. In
the first place, it is the law. and the
complainant will find the courts pow-
eness to atrord him any relief: his
perfect relief is in his own hands. In
the second place, water bills stand in
pieci.xtly the same relation, as between
landlord and tenant, as grocery or
butcher bills of the tenant, and are
enforcible in precisely the same man
ner and in no other; if the landlord
does not wish to pay for the water
consumed by his tenant he should re
fuse to sign a contract to do so, and
In case he does refuse no court will
compel him to pay it; the statute of
frauds is complete protection against
the collection of such bills; but if he
does sign the contract, then it Is en-
forcible the same as any other valid
As'to sprinkling rates. I am not in
formed as to whether the water bu
reau permits tenants to. sign these. If
so, the Jjllls are not legally enforc
ible against the owner or his property.
To avoid annoyance and possible ex
pense it is best to notiTy the city that
the owner or property w.ll not be re
sponsible for sprinkling rates contract
ed by the tenant and you have absolute
protection. It is always best and saves
trouble and lawyers' fees to mix' a
little business sense in your affairs.
You cannot sleep on your rights and
expect Justice to come around and
awaken and protect you. The law pro
tects the diligent not the careless and
the laggard. . Know your rights be
right, and stand for the right, and you
cannot be harmed. F. F. SMITH.
100 Hazel Fern Place, Laurelhurst.
Lincoln' Wondroun Sympathy
A touching incident of Abraham Lin
coln's characteristic thouarhtf ulness for
others was brought to lijrht in Phila
delphia by the death there, the other
day, of Mrs. Amanda Kuhn, 84 years
old. When her husband was wounded
In an early battle of the war and was
taken to an Army hospital in Washing
ton, Mrs. Kuhn went to nurse him, tak
ing with her her youngent child. Alter
her husband was discharged and went
back to the front she remained to nurse
other soldiers. President Lincoln,
during his many visits among the
wounded soldiers, was atracted by
cheery Nurse Kuhn and arranged that
her baby should be cared for at the
White House during the day, while the
nurse was busy in the hospital. Carry
ing the burdens of the sorely dis
tressed Nation on his shoulders, the
President of the United States could
yet see to it that this child was looked
after, so that the mother's mind might
be at ease. No wonder that this man
of sorrows and of vision. Old Abe, was
beloved by his people. The infinite pity
of his murder, half a century aso, is
that he was not permitted to super
intend the reuniting of the sections
that had been at war. What might not
his generous common sense have accom
plished in the way of an earlier under
standing? Arrival of at Patient.
Young doctor's wife Mary, go and
teil the doctor there's a patient waiting
to see him.
Maid I wish you'd go, ma'am. He
maybe wouldn't believe me.
PHICE OF LABORER'S BOARD HIGH
Road Work by the Day and t'hra Liv
ing; Advocated to Aid Fnrmployed.
SEATTLE. Wash.. April 25. (To the
Editor.) Under date of April 3, I took
the liberty of forwarding you a report
by the committee appointed especially
by the Chamber of Commerce on the
Hotel Liberty. In the latter part of
your comment on the report you state:
"Of course, the Hotel Liberty and all
similar enterprises are merely pallia
tive; they offer no thorough-going so
lution to the problem of unemploy- j
ment." Your statement may be true,
but not in" Its entirety. To give proper
relief to the unemployed (having in
mind particularly the Itinerant work
er) changes must be effected in our
city ordinances, city charters and laws
governing County Commissioners.
There is no question in my mind but
that if the County Commissioners of
our county and maybe of Multnomah
County had a right to do road work by
the day Instead, of always forcing them
to have it done by contract to the
lowest bidder, great relief could be
accomplished. The granting of con
tracts to large contractors and the con
tinual sub-letting of contracts until
the final one who does the work has
been forced to bid so low he is com
pelled to operate by paying a low
wage and charging enormous board
for the men that is where the relief
The idea of having to pay t or $7
a week for board when it can be had
for 12.50 is an absurdity. Speaking of
our expense, we have boarded the men
for less than 15 cents a day, covering
everything; but naturally in camp,
where cooks would have to be em
ployed and wages paid, it would be
impossible; but $2.50 would cover it
and give excellent food. The feeding
of the men on county work should be
under public or state supervision. Take
the city work, for Instance, where tlie
city is forced to pay $2.75 a day for
eight hours' work, which often means
seven hours, the men having time to
go and come to their work. For the
public to take care of the unemployed
there should be an emergency wage,
for the city cannot afford to have work
done in the Winter months and pay
Summer wages. These are Jutt a few
of te thoughts, and I trust you may
make uf of them in some way.
The City of Seattle has Just with
drawn its support ot the Hotrl Liberty,
but the hotel is still running, and
we expect to close on a contract for
15000 worth of land clearing within the
city limits, and we havet50,000 worth
in sight. The volume of this work we
might aret depends upon how the prop'
erty sells when we get it cleared, for
the" property Is being cleared for city
lots, and as it. is on a paved highway
and belongs to an Institution (the
Puget Mill Company), the chances are
good. I am firm in the belief that a
great volume of employment can , be
One of the principal phases of the
unemployed problem that we have been
unable to do anything with Is that of
the married man. The union ncale pre
vents granting them any relief. With
an emergency wage and with proper
organisation there is no reason why
the married man cannot be put to work
on this land clearing, as well as the
itinerant worker. It . might be they
would draw small pay. but they would
have the opportunity of buying mer
chandise for their families at a rate far
below that they pay their grocer.
It might interest you to know how
cheap food can b9 obtained in a sea
port town, located as we are here, hav
ing particularly in mind fish of all
varieties, frozen and freah. The H- tel
Liberty up to the preRent time has
served more than 340.000 meals at a
cost not to exceed 4 cents each.
J. B. POWLES.
Chairman House Committee. Hotel
FNCI.K SAM AS A STORI'.KKKI'KR
Some Further niscoialon of His Rela
tions Itk t'UMtoinera.
PORTLAND. April 23. (To the Edi
tor.) Your article on Uncle Sam, the
Storekeeper, attracted my attention. In
a way your statement may be correct,
but I hardly believe it hits the mark.
Uncle Sam is keeping the store nil
right and is willing to eellthe good
to whoever will purchase, but here is
the trouble: All of his nelsrhbors are
In a quarrel which has affected our
Uncle to a groat extent, wo much so
that he deemed it advisable to hold
out inducements to other nalionB to
come under his flag that his delivery
svstem might not be too severely im
paired. But John Bull does not rec
ognize this kind of delivery as legal,
so he lays lown the law for your Uncle
Sam and tells him what he can and
what he cannot sell to William. Uncle
Sam makes a kick and stands on his
rights, which John to date refuses to
grant. Now. instead of our Uncle
bringing .lohn to time by refusing him
goods, he prefers to lay off a large
number of his clerks in tho grocery
and iry goods departments, seemingly
thinking John's trade from the hard
ware department will offset his loss
from the other. This Is where William
begins to doubt our Uncle's Klnrerlty.
W. C. ELFORD.
Uncle Sam dUJ not "hold out induce
ments to other nations to come under
his flag." In an effort to serve Will
lam and others he called on his boys
to start a delivery system for him with
wagons they had hired to others. Nor
Is Sam tamely submitting to John's dic
tation as to what he may sell to Will
iam. He is having a lively correspond
ence with John and may end with a
lawsuit. But Snni will not close his
hardware department to John in re
venge for the injury done to his other
departments, though he may suspend
business with John altogether as a hist
AVILl.AMF.TTE FLOW tiKNTI.Y.
Willamette, flow gently, while passing
along The home of the roses, we'll sing t'.iee
No other great river hath such honor
We pray thee flow gently, June festi
On thy banks green with verdure the
violet doth bloom.
On thy bosom is wafted sweet roses'
Which arrow iu the valley made known
, by thy name
Flow gently sweet river, we'll pass on
Willamette, flow gently, while thou
dost pass by
The city of roses, whose hills kiss the
Where often doth linger the sunset's
And robins sin sweetly while soft
For there on the slope of thy riverside
Lie the friends of our childhood so
silent and still.
Whose fate would remind us, this
earth's not our goal.
And bid us prepare for the home of
From snow-covered mountains the
streamlets do glide.
Through orchards and meadows, that
grow by thy side.
Mount Hood lifts his hat and shakes
his white gown
And adds to thy fame, oh, stream of
The wild dusky maiden who gave thee
The ghost of Willamette that sang of
Whose presence is with us, with spirit
Willamette, Willamette, flow on to the
80 JEROME H. MALLETT.
1731. East Eleventh Street.
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonian of April 27, 1S.-,.
Our dispatches of today give us word
that President Johnxon set apart this
duy for observance by the Nution at
large as a season of humiliation and
mourning. It eo happens that we are.
bj- proclamation of our Governor, called
to observe it in much the same man
ner and it will add interest to the oc
casion that the same thought and in
tention is promulgated by the general
Notwithstanding the prospects for a
bad day yesterday morning, the cele
bration by the fraternity of Oddfel
lows of this stale in coinmemoralUm
of the 4Sth anniverxary of the I. O o.
F. on the Continent of 'America was
duly observed in this city. After march
ing through the principal streota the
procession halted at the Methodist
Church, which was anon filled to hear
the adrdeg of Hon. J. H. Mitchell.
Four convicts, the "Lota" Smvth. of
this city: Charles Kogg. and Jol,'n P.it
ten. convicted at The Dalles, and Will
lam D. Quigley. convicted at Auburn,
made their escape from the Peniten
tiary situated In this city, yi .-tcnl:i y
mornirig by sawing off tine. ft th
three-fourths-lnch bars of the buck
ranee of grated windows with a ca-e
knife. At a late hour list maht we
lea'neri that Mr. Dclat-hmutt had cap
At a meeting at Columbia Kngine
Company. No. 3. held at their hall on
Tuesday evenine:. April 23. resolutions
were adopted that the house or the
company b draped in mourning for
the -pace of 20 days in memory of
Pre ici en t Lincoln. It was ilro decided
that the member of the company at
tend in a body the funeral obsequies to
take place in the city todjy.
Notice is hereby uiven that the Com
mon Council of the t'ily of Portland
proposes to improve Front street from
the center of C street in Couch's Ad
dition to the City of Portland to tho
center of Hnrt ison street. The m ...
j po.-tf (l improvement will he made in
tne jonou-lng manner: From the cen
ter of C street to the south side r.f
Morrison street by pavinc with cobhle
stmie nd putting in stonf? curbing
und laying sidewalks with two-Inch
plank. From the south side of Morri
son street to the center of Harrison
street by maciidamlxing said street snd
puttins- In wood curbing and lavtnc;
sidrwHlko with two-mh plank. H. II.
Meeker. Auditor and Clerk.
MOVIK IVKIIItlATFS 15 I.AMEXTKU.
Votild F.llmlnate Cigarette
Smoker From (rrrra, Too.
rOUTLAXD, April 26. (To the Kdi
tor.J At various timea while seated
as a member of tl.e audience in vari
ous play and film houses of our city
I have viewed with disdain the portray
al of intoxicated characters for the.
purpose of comedy.
Now from a personal point of view
I don't believe those parts are thought
funny by the majority but quite to
the contrary, and I believe their elim
ination would he an uplift to the stase
and screen. We know and feel aasured
that the thoughts, charartcrlNtl.s and
behavior of our youth is largely
brouarht about throtia-h what thoy are
taught, see and hear, which in quire
reasonable as the child grows and de
velops in harmony with his suiround
lngs. Now this being the case and the
fart that the staae and movies com
mand so much of the time Hnd atten
tion cf our future citizens let 'is elim
inate that which tends to bear harm
ful influence and which does not en
tertain tho people who sit through and
view scenes of this type.
And another matter tliat I would like
to draw attention to is the smokiu
of cigarette by players in sunie films
that I have seen. I h. wondered
why the promiscuous use of ritaiettcs.
if for effect. Well, it has an effect
alright, a demoralizing one. and if the
player tabooed cigarette smoking while
on the stage and screen I am sure
another wholesome feature would be
added to the play.
As the source of frond material is
of unlimited meanF let us draw from
her boundless supply for clean and up
lifting amusement and hnniMi forever
that which caters onls to the base and
evil of mankind. J. A. M.
5 Movie"' er.
From Indianapolis .r.
Seven years aao lavid W. ' Griffith
was a penniless actor, knocking about
New York tryins to get some one to
IlFten to his scheme for producing mov
ing p'rture1! on a larpe scnle. To!aV
he is tiie leadlnu figure In the movlnc
picture wnili, with an .-mnunl salary
that runs Into lx figures, lie declares
Hint within the next three of four
years moving pictures. wMI be produced
to which the price of admission will bo
to and In support of his assertion
he points out that a few years ago an
expenditure of $.'.00 on a single film
was thought to be a much as tiie busi
ness would stand, and S cents was con
sidered the best price that could be
asked st a theater where the only at
traction was pictures. Then came the
$50,000 picture, for which theater m.n-
geri asked and obtained 50 cents.
He is now exhlhltlmr a picture In New
York which cost 200.0iio, and he Is
asking 3 for a seat. The public not
only Is payina the price, but It is buy
ing tickets from speculators for as
much as t'i. "And when you can put
on a picture that will cost 2.onn.ono to
produce, the public will be willing to
pay ?5 a seat for It." he ndus.
Prayer at Sea In Wnrtlme.
. Iondon Times.
When the crew of the llarpalion, one
of the Uritlah ships torpedoed off
KAm.ht' llenrl arrived ill London.
Harper, the second officer, describing
the experiences of the crew, said the
ship was sailing down the channel at
the rate of about 1 1 'i knots.
"' had Just sst down to tea," said
Mr. Harper, "at the engineers' table,
and the chief engineer was saving
grace. He had Juat tittered the words.
'For what we are about to receive may
the Lord make ua truly thankful,'
when there came an awful crash."
Turn About la Fair Flay.
Washington D. C. I f- tar.
"Are you going to have a garden thU
year?" "No," replied Mr. (Jrowchcr.
"It Isn't my turn to make a garden.
I'm going to keep chickens this year
and let my neighbors make the Har
den." Writing; a Foolish Letter. "
Houston (Texas) Post.
"Did you ever write a foolish love
letter?" "I never wrote any love let
ters." "That is practically what 1
A New Chapter to An Old
A certain roofing manufacturer
decided to find out about advertising
He came to the conclusion that
newspaper advertising was what his
He began timidly but gradually
Increased his list to hundreds of
It.it month he announced that
notwithstanding the so-called hard
times his business this year showed
a 70 per cent increase.
Just another straw that shows
the winds of newspaper advertising
blow towards the cash register.