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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 27, 1915)
THE "MORNING OREGONIAN. TUESDAY, APRIL. 27, 1915.
TO GREAT BRITAIN
Note About Demands on China
SETTLEMENT IS EXPECTED
Washington Has Word From Pckln
That Japan Has Increased De
mands, but Xo Official
Report Is Received.
WASHINGTON", April 26. The Jap
anese government has given to Great
Britain a detailed- explanation of the
demands made on China, which, ac
cording to information obtainable here,
is said to have relieved apprehensions
In London as to tho scope -of the Jap
anese policy in China.
The report today from Pekin that
tho conferences had been resumed and
that Japan now had presented 24 de
mands, including the 21 originally
made, was received with much interest
in Washington, but officials had no
advices from the Chinese capital of any
character. The last dispatches received
last Saturday indicated that the con
ference would not resume for some
Official Report Eipected.
It was expected that American Min
ister Reinsch probably would report
tomorrow the result of the renewal of
Neither the Japanese Embassy nor
any of the other diplomatic missions
concerned in the negotiations were ad
vised of the situation at Pekin today.
From a knowledge of previous confer
ences, however, it was suggested in
some quarters that Japan might have
asked for an acceptance in principle
of her demands, leaving details to the
It was recalled that early in Feb
ruary such a proposal by Japan met
with a flat rejection.
Now that the subject has been dis
cussed with Great Britain, the United
States and other powers, some ob
servers think Japan may have renewed
the plan to obtain China's approval in
principle to the demands. With such
&n acceptance it is thought Japan
mierht not be disposed to press for a
detailed agreement on many of the
points, preferring to have tho present
negotiations stand as an expression to
the world of Japan's interests in
Great Britain Not Uneasy.
The report from Pekin that some of
the railroad concessions now demanded
by Japan encroached on the so-called
"sphere of Influence" of Great Britain
In the Yangtse Valley was offset by
confidence here that Japan's explana
tions to London of the purpose of her
demands and Sir Edward Grey's speech
In Parliament indicated that Japan was
In constant communication with her
ally. Great Britain.
Since Japan's assurances were re
ceived here in the answer to the recent
American note of inquiry some high of
ficials have been of the belief that a
satisfactory adjustment of the Jap-.
anese-Chlnese questions eventually
would be reached, though prolonged
negotiations might be necessary. There
has been little evidence of a crisis, al
though the serious character of the
negotiations has not been underesti
mated here, and officials are keeping
closely informed as to developments.
OPEN DOOR IS PLEDGED
(Conttrmad From "First Pagre.
an agility that would be surprising in
many a much younger man.
After some discussion of politics and
a comparison of methods in the two
countries I asked the Premier about
the present economic condition of
Japan, and also whether he was will
ing to give our readers the benefit of
hia views bearing on Japan's future
relations with the United States which
the economic situation of this country
"Before discussing the economic sit
uation," Count Okuma replied, "it is
Important to consider the causes which
have led to the disturbance of the rela
tions between Japan and. the United
States.' These are chiefly two first.
the Immigration question, and, second,
the Manchurlan situation.
"Practically all of the friction that
has arisen in America has grown out
of one phase or another of the Immi
gration question. That situation is
Improving somewhat and is one that I
hope time will solve satisfactorily to
both countries. It is a question which
Jrom its nature requires time for solu
80,000 Japanese Here.
"The United States has had other
such questions with other nations
which have always been solved by time,
. and so I hope for a similar solution of
this question. There are now about
SO, 000 Japanese in the United States
that is, in the mainland territory and
as many, or perhaps a few more, in
"This is a smaller number than were
in the United States at the time the so
called gentlemen's agreement was con
cluded. Since that time more Japanese
have come home from the United
. States than have gone there and the
number in your country has been stead
"This reduction has been slow, it Is
true, owing to the fact that a good
many Japanese in America get mar
ried and the birth of children tends to
keep up the total number of Japanese
there. But the influx of Japanese has
been practically stopped and there is
a gradual but steady reduction go
Hawaiian Situation Viewed.
"There Is a somewhat similar sltua
tlon with regard to Hawaii. Some
Japanese have gone from Hawaii to the
mainland and some have returned to
Japan. The number there is decreas
Ing rather than Increasing. It has
been said in the United States that
most of the Japanese in Hawaii were
veterans of the war with Russia, and
there has been loose talk about their
having their arms and uniforms with
"This talk about equipment is of
course idle. Some of these men un
doubtedly are veterans of the war
with Russia, but It is not generally
true of them. It is inevitable that
some of them should have served i
"Xn any large mynber of Japanese
there are bound to be some veterans
and some men who have served in the
army. That is true because military
service is universal and compulsory in
"But the same influences that are
operating to reduce the number of
Japanese in the United States are at
work in Hawaii, and I hope that time
will solve this problem also.
Manrhnrian History Recalled.
"Now as to the Manchurlan question.
After - the Boxer outbreak in 1900
Japan, Great Britain and other nations
joined with the United States in sup
port of the principle of the open door,
equal opportunity, and the maintenance
of the integrity of China. Then came
the Russian advance in Manchuria.
"Japan joined with the United States,
Great Britain a'nd other nations In
protesting against what Russia was
doing there, but Japan was the only
nation that went so far as to resist by
force. After the war with Russia
Japan naturally occupied a strong posi
tion in Manchuria.
"There have been complaints, espe
cially loud and numerous from America,
that the actions of Japan in Manchuria
were closing the door and destroying
the principle of equal opportunity. But
these complaints are not well founded.
There has been nothing discriminatory
in what Japan has done in Manchuria.
The citizens of all nations are treated
alike and American merchants and
business men have exactly the same
opportunities that Japanese have. They
can do exactly as the Japanese do if
they so desire.
"I think the great difficulty has been
that Americans are too far from the
scene of operations' and they have not
desired to give the time and attention
to business in detail in Manchuria
which is necessary to obtain success
there. Citizens of other countries were
successful there, and especially Ger
Door Has Not Been Closed.
"These complaints about the Man-
churian situation have been gradually
dying down, and the conditions there
are Improving. If Americans have lost
trade in Manchuria it has been due to
the causes I have explained and not to
the fact that the opportunity is not
equal to them or that the door has been
' ith these two disturbing causes
the immigration and Manchurlan ques
tions out of the way there should be
a material improvement in the rela
tions oetween tne united states ana
Japan. There is no real ground for
apprehension, no real cause for alarm,
Japan's economic interests lie close at
home, and that fact if well understood
here. The United States Is our best
customer, ancb Japan is a good cus
tomer of the United States.
"Trade is in its infancy. China is a
great market, with great possibilities
of development. It is important that
Japan should develop her trade with
China, and for that Japan has aertain
natural advantages. There is a geo
graphical, political and racial similar
ity of interests.
Kconomlc Advancement Great Need.
"Japan's interest Is to maintain the
open door, equal opportunities for all
and the maintenance of Chinese integ
rity. Japan's great need is economic
advancement. , The development of
trade with the United States would be
of great advantage to both countries.
'Japan's industrial development is in
its infancy and with its growth the
press of population that now demands
an outlet will be relieved, because
there will be more work at home and
better opportunities for our people.
'At the same time it will develop
and increase the Japanese markets for
American products, especially food
stuffs. And that increased commercial
call of Japan upon the United States
will necessarily improve the general
relations between the two countries.
'But it is in China that Japan must
find her greatest market. And as
America has found the open door main
tained in Manchuria, so she will find
it maintained in the rest of China. Her
opportunity there will be just the same
as that of others. The true line of de
velopment for her trade with China is
in hearty co-operation with Japan."
Count Okuma declined, as had all
the other officials of the government
who are concerned in the matter, to
discuss the negotiations with China.
In referring to the racial advantage
he spoke with emphasis of the fact
that Japanese are not wanted and not
liked" in the United States.
CHINESE APPEAL FOR HELP
Heads of Six Companies Ask Amer
ica to See to Eair Play.
SAN FRANCISCO. April 26. The
State Department was asked today to
see that the Chinese republic snail
have fair play in the negotiations with
Japan, and to secure for China pro
tection, in a letter sent to Secretary
Bryan by the Chinese six companies.
The letter is signed by the presidents
of the six companies, which are said
to have a membership of 80,000 Chinese
North and South America.
The letter, which followed an ap
peal to The Hague tribunal sent by
the same organization, said:
"Arising out of grave questions
raised by the European war, the em
pire of Japan Is making intolerable de
mands on the republic of China.
"The undersigned, being the repre
sentatives of China in Western Amer
ica and acting In concert with the dip
lomatic representatives of the Chinese
republic, feel a natural Interest In see
ing their home country protected
against unreasonable demands. China
as a republic looks to the United
States for friendly interest and pro
tection. Notwithstanding many laws
passed in this country which injuri
ously affect the Chinese people, never
theless we are strongly desirous that
the most friendly relations continue
between these two republics and we
earnestly look to the Department of
State to assist us in seeing that China
is accorded fair and honorable treat
ment among nations. -
"Therefore we appeal to you to rep
resent the Chinese republic in seeing
that treatment which will be in ac
cordance with fairness. Justice and
right as between the two countries Is
YOU will find among the
clever fabrics shown at
this store a suit in pattern
and model that will meet
with your approval.
The famous Stein -Bloch Clothes are
approved by everybody. In quality,
of materials, in style and thorough
ness of workmanship they stand at
Come in and look about; Spring's
newest and best products are here.
I want you, too, to see the unusual
worth of the clothes shown at
$20 and $25
Spring shapes in Dunlap Hats $5.
Brewer Hats always $3.
Morrison at Fourth
BLAME IS DIVIDED
Jury at Cresswell Refuses
DRIVER OF CAR JS DEAD
Funeral of Four Children to Be
Held Jointly Today and All Busl
Held Jointly Today and All
Business Will Be Suspend-
ed During Services.
EUGENE. Or.. April 26. (Special.)
The Coroner's jury investigating the
killing of five persons by the Shasta
Limited yesterday, in its report today
refused to determine the responsibility
for the accident. Individual members
declared they were inclined to blame
both the driver of the motor car and
the train crew, the former for failing
to watch for the train before driving
on the tracks. They refused to exon
erate the railroad of blame because the
fireman was not at his position in the
Frank E. Sly, driver of the ill-fated
motor car, died at 1 o'clock this morning.
The testimony of the fireman and the
engineer of the train was that neither
knew of the accident until the train
had gone two miles beyond. The fire
man was out of his seat at the time,
it was declared, and the length of the
engine, 45 feet, was such that the engi
neer could not see anything on the left
side of the track after the train came
within 200 feet. The fireman was not
at his station, according to the testi
mony, because he said he bad smelled
the smoke of a hot box and was trying
to locate the trouble.
The testimony was that the train was
running 35 miles an hour at the time
of the accident. The customary speed
of the Shasta Limited is said to be 50
miles an hour, according to the engi
neer. The train slowed down to 12
miles an hour, according to the testl
many, passing through Creswell, a short
distance beyond the scene of the acci
dent. The mail clerk testified that he had
gone to the door on the left side to re
ceive a mail pouch at Creswell, and saw
the automobile filled with children ap
proach, and witnessed the crash. He
turned away, he said, unable to view
the spectacle, and heard the crash of
glass and parts of the car shower over
the roof of his steel car.
When the train stopped because of
the hot box the trainmen were told of
the accident, and upon looking at the
pilot found fragments of the bodies
and parts of the automobile on the en
gine. Then the train proceeded to Eu
gene where a report of the accident
"I instructed the jury to indicate
who was to blame for the accident,'
said Coroner Veatch today, "but the
members would not do so. They were
inclined to divide the blame and they
refused to exonerate the train officials."
All Creswell will take part tomorrow
in the funeral of the four children
killed Sunday.. All business will be
suspended during the services which
will begin at 10 o'clock. A joint funeral
will be held for the four children.
Afterward the body of little Beulah
Morss will be taken to Walker Station,
six miles south, for burial, and George
Robinette, Dorris Tralnor and Vincent
Trainor, will be buried in the cemetery
west of Creswell. The funeral of K. E.
Sly will be held Wednesday.
COMPAXY EXONERATES CREW
Officials, With Disinterested Per
sons, Conduct Inquiry.
EUGENE. Or., April 26. (Special.)
The Southern Pacific employes were
held blameless by the Southern Pacific
board of inquiry in its report made to
day, after a thorough Investigation of
yesterday s accident at Creswell in
which five persons lost their lives. It
places the entire blame on the driver
of the motorcar.
The report is signed by C. W. Mar-
tyn, assistant superintendent; George
Wild, master mechanic; K. M. Siefer,
division engineer, all employes of the
Southern Pacific Company, and K. W.
Ogram, banker, of Creswell, and G. W.
Dersham, a Creswell merchant. Others
present at the inquiry were John
Keilly, attorney for the Southern Pa
cific Company; K. J. Miller, a member
of the State Railroad Commission, and
S. P. Stewart, of the claims department
of the Southern Pacific Company.
The report states that no disciplinary
measures have been administered.
The world's record sugar plantation con
tains 13,000 acres, 30 miles of railway and
employs 1500 people.
ALL OVER BODY
Itched'Terribly. Could Not Sleep
at Night. Clothing Aggravated
Trouble. Cuticura Soap and Cuti
cura Ointment Healed.
1363 Falton 8t Chicago; 111. "I
noticed peculiar spots breaking out all over
my body which Itched terribly. They were
red and later white and scaly.
The eruption burned and Itched
so that I could not sleep at all
at night. My clothing aggrsv
rated the trouble and made me
" I took a treatment but sot'
no relief. I read the Cuticura
advertisement in the paper and
wrote for a free sample of Cuti
cura Soap and Ointment. I used them as
per directions and had my first night's rest
in two months. Then I bought one box of
Cuticura Ointment and had only used half
of it with the Cuticura Soap when I was
healed. I have no disfiguring scars left."
(Signed) Frederick Saal. August 8, 1914.
Keep your skin clear, scalp clean and free
from dandruff, and hair Mve and glossy.
Cuticura Soap, with an occasional use of
Cuticura Ointment will do it.
Sample Each Free by Mail
With 32-p. Skin Book on request. Ad
dress poet-card "Cuticura. Dept. T, Boo
ton." Bold throughout the world.
MORE DEMANDS PRESENTED
Japanese May Compete With British
PEKIN, China. April 26. Conferences
between the Japanese Minister to
China. Eki Hioki and the Chinese For
eign Minister. Lu Cheng Hsing, vere
resumed today. The Japanese Min
ister presented an extended list of 24
demands. This list is virtually an
amplification of the original 21 de
mands and includes even the demands
for railroad concessions, it is under
stood. In territory where the lines
would compete with British interests.
The Japanese insist that the Chinese
government accept the new list of de
mands in its entirety, but- no time limit
has been set.
China Is making certain military
preparations which have been de
scribed as "feeble." Great secrecy is
maintained as to the details.
In Pekin the impression obtains
among foreign observers that Japan
will use force unless China yields.
DELAYED BLAST KILLS TWO
Ten Injured In Explosion Work for
California Western Road.
PORT BRAGG, Cal., April 26. Two
members of a crew of 15 men at work
for the California Western Railroad &
Navigation Company road, near here,
were killed and ten injured by a delayed
explosion of dynamite today.
C. A. Curtis, superintendent of the
company, and James Gordon, conductor
of a freight train, are among those injured.
J ,;a "I. .haiiill i . 1 " II - - - - --i r
3 f k"" - i ,m, mum " .!
Be guided by this NAME
When you come to buy a car remember
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So the final, the real, inquiry is, "What
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Be sure to find out about the Company as
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The CASE Company was founded in 1842.
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Depend on Us Hidden Values
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The parts you never
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Thm Namm Behind thm Good
.;;:';",7 offered for a slogan T-r J
s- v new 5c fountain drink sS $ tj
'-"'''Iff The judges awarded the prizes as follows:
'p- J J 1st Prize "First for Thirst," to Wm. Hahn, 233 Eleventh st, Portland,
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;,. 3d Prize "The Liquid Lure," to Miss Edith Rutenic, Klamath Falls, Or. f.f
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RETURN LIMIT 30 DAVS
"Ninety -Day Ticket $3 2.5 0
$C0.25 To San Diego
Jd and Back
RETURN LIMIT 40 DATS
Six Months Ticket $61.50
Call at City Ticket Office, 80 Sixth Street,
Corner Oak, Union Depot or East Morrison
Street for full information, tickets, reserrs.
tions and literature on the Expositions.
John M. Scott, General Passenger Agent.