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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 23, 1915)
TTE 3IORXTNG OREGONIAN, FRIDAY, APRIL 23, 1915.
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PORTLAND, FRIDAY, APRIL S3, 1915.
INDIFFERENCE TO FRAUD.
The other day a San Francisco grand
Jury returned indictments against ten
men for forgery in connection with
securing signatures to three initiative
and referendum petitions. The prin
cipal frauds were committed in refer
cnding a redllght abatement law,
passed in 1912, held up for two years
and then adopted by the people in
In Ohio scandals accompanied the
first application of the referendum.
Petitions were filed against a work
men's compensation, law and two tax
laws. Whole pages were signed in one
handwriting. One solicitor confessed
that he had copied names from an old
telephone directory. On other peti
tions the names of dead men, lunatics,
convicts and persons without legal res
Washington, at the time of adopting
the direct legislative principle, prohib
ited the payment of petition circula
tors, yet extensive forgeries committed
by volunteer solicitors were uncovered.
In Oregon one man has served a
sentence in the penitentiary for forging
names to a Portland Anti-Saloon
League measure. Several others in
dicted at the same time fled the coun
try. Several solicitors were indicted
for forging names to a referendum of
a State University appropriation, but
were never punished. Their forgeries
aggregated more than 3000 names.
Not long ago several others were in
dicted for forging names to a recall
petition in Portland.
There is information in this con
densed record worth considering. Ohio
has. tightened solicitation of names to
referendum petitions. Washington has
prohibited circulation of petitions al
together and has provided for regis
tration offices, where the voters may
voluntarily appear and invoke the in
itiative, or referendum. But Oregon
seems to view forgeries and corrup
tion in connection with direct legisla
tion not only with indifference, but
possesses an element which protests
against measures to safeguard the
purity of the system as an Interference
with the people's power.
As a short but experimental step
that could have done no harm, a meas
ure was introduced at the last session
of the Legislature which would have
provided two methods of filing peti
tions on voluntary and the other
the one now in general use. It would
have permitted a demonstration of the
practicability of initiating and refer
ending laws without use or employ
ment of solicitors and yet would not
have interfered with the rights of
those who demand the latter method.
It received but scanty consideration.
The attitude in this particular of
people who have struck so mightily
against other forms of corruption in
elections and legislation is inexplicable.
CAPTURED RESOURCES OF ALLIES.
So much has been said about the)
economic pressure on Germany result
ing from the maritime blockade, which
is presumed to have thrown the em
pire entirely on its own resources, that
the compensation (Germany derives
from occupation of her enemies' ter
ritory has been overlooked. This occu
pation places great resources of food
find munitions at her disposal and de
prives her enemies of those resources
In equal measure.
Germany occupies almost the whole
of Belgium and" can add to her own
food production that of this inten
sively cultivated country. She also has
the benefit of Belgian coal, iron, gun
end munition works, including the
great Cockerlll plant at Liege. Though
she occupies only one-twentieth of the
area of France, that twentieth in
cludes one-tenth of the population and
nearly one-half of industrial France:
A bulletin of the National Geographic
society says that the occupied territory
includes "the banner departments of
France," and it continues:
Her are the mines, the foundries and
factories, and the dairies and farms, which
are the pride, the wealth end the strength
of modern France. In this narrow strip
under German occupation, there is produced
70 per cent of all coal mined in France, 90
per cent of all of the native-mined iron,
nnd nearly half of the republic's output of
Almost the entire iron and steel in
dustry of France lies behind the Ger
man lines, for here are the raw mate
rials. Pas de Calais produces 60 per
cent of the coal and Meurthe-et-Mo-uelle
produces 84 per cent of the
French output. Germany is second
only to the United States in steel pro
duction, her output being double that
of Britain and half that of the United
States. Control of the French iron dis
trict adds to her supply 90 per cent
of iron going into the French steel
output of 3,102,000 tons a year, while
Belgium gives her 1.500,000 tons of
steel. Germany stands third in coal
production, and the French and Bel
gian supply may bring her up to an
equality with Britain, which stands
The department of Nord, all but a
few square miles of which is occupied
ly Germany, leads France in agricul
ture and industry. Here and in Pas
de Calais, Meuse and Meurthe-et-Mo-eelle
are the great metal-working
plants, a great part of the land's tex
tile industry, the cotton, woolen and
linen weaving, the working of lace
and embroidery- the weaving of car
pets and dyeing, flour mills, brick
kilns, distilleries, grass works, pottery
works, shoe and hat factories, tobacco
factories, cabinet works and beet sugar
refineries. Here also is the most in
tensive agriculture. All of the cereals,
eugar beets, fruits, hops, tobacco, flax
and large droves of cattle are grown,
nd some of the best-known dairies of
France are In this territory.
In Poland also Germany occupies
much territory which can be turned
to her advantage. That country Is a
great granary and cattle-grower, ex
porting about 27.000,000 bushels of
cereals yearly, and grows beets, pota
toes and tobacco. In the southwestern
corner, adjoining Silesia, are mines of
iron, coal, tin and zinc, and Lodz Is
a great center of textile industries.
Both these regions are occupied by the
Germans and can be used to make up
at least part of the deficiencies caused
by the maritime blockade.
Capture of an enemy's material re
sources is as important as the capture
of his artillery. The coal, iron and
foodstuffs of Belgium, France and Po
land can be used against the allies,
just as a captured gun can be turned
against the army which has lost it.
Germany will not be dependent upon
her own resources unless her armies
should be driven within her own bor
ders. If then the allies should con
quer the great coal and steel-producing
districts of Westphalia they would
be able to use her resources against
her. In the meantime they can only
replace by importation the supplies
they .formerly obtained at home.
Night after night Mario Lambardi
saw the curtain fall on mimic trage
dies. The singers voiced their joy and
woe, the orchestra wailed or laughed
in sympathy. Then after a little while
the lights-went out and all was dark
Now the curtain has fallen on his
own drama, as it will fall for all of us.
The lights are out, the stage is dark,
the theater is void. In his opera there
were beautiful spectacles, sweet airs,
divine harmonies. Are they stilled for
ever? Or will the play be reopened on
THE DAY OF GREAT' ARMIES.
The British expect their army in
France to cut some figure, now that
it has grown to a total of 750,000 men
and is still growing. That is a huge
army, according to old standards; yet
it is the smallest of all those in the
field except the Belgian and Serbian
and perhaps the Turkish. Its impor
tance consists as much in the fact that
It is the first line of an armed force
of . 3,000,000 men which is to take its
place beside the French as in its pres
ent numerical strength. We have
passed the point of speaking of hun
dreds of thousands and have reached
the point of speaking of millions when
we talk of armies.
When we compare the strength of
this army which has gone to help
France with the strength of the armies
with which the. British formerly over
threw the French, we can conceive
what great results were in old times
achieved with a relatively diminutive
force. The Black Prince routed, the
French at Poitiers with only 6500 'men
against 16,000, and Henry V won the
battle of Agincourt with only 10,000
men. Wellington began the Peninsular
war in 1809 with only 18,000 infantry
and finished it in 1814 with 60,000
men. His army was reviewed in Paris
by the allied sovereigns, and he said
that with it he could conquer the
world. In the purely local battle of
Neuve Chapelle there were 50,000 Brit
ish engaged, and that is estimated to
have been only about a sixth of the
force in the field.
Not until the Boer war did Britain
have more than 100,000 men engaged.
In the Crimea she had only about a
division and a half not more than
37,500 men and in the second Afghan
war she had 71,000 men, all told. The
largest force employed in the Boer war
was 250,000 men. She has now be
come, like her allies and her enemies,
a nation in arms.
THE TRUE CHAMPION EGO LAYER.
It is at this period of the year
that the head of the family resurrects
the window and door screens from the
basement and puts up barriers against
the pernicious housefly. But to many
a good housekeeper the thought does
not occur that screens keep flies within
the house as well as without. It does
not seem to her worth while to pursue
a single lonely, buzzing insect from
room to room or window to window.
What does one fly amount to?
But if the one fly is not relentlessly
slain, ten or twelve days 'later the
woman . of the household begins to
wonder where all the flies come from.
Perhaps a search is made for holes in
the screens. Perhaps each sash is
made to fit better. Perhaps little John
nie is scolded for leaving the door
open. But a more likely cause for
their presence may be found in the
following figures compiled by a scien
June 1 One fly lays 120 eggs.
June 10 60 flies lay 7200 eggs.
June 20 36oo flies lay 432.O0O eggs.
June .10 216.000 files lay 25,920. Ooo eggs.
July 10 12,1160,000 flies lay 1.5o5,200.000
July o T77.60O.00O riles lay 03,312,000.000
July 30 46,656,000,000 flies lay 5,008,720,-
August O 2,799,300.000,000 files lay 335.
August 18 167,961,600,000,000 flies lay
20, 105. 092,000,000,1100 fges.
August 29 10,077,fi'.6.oofl,000,000 flies lay
l,2i9,;i2S.520,OOO,0O(l.lMiO eggs. ,
September N 004, 0M. 760,000,000,000 flies
lay 72. rr9, 411,200.000.000,000 egga.
September IS :;6.279. 705.000.000.000.000
flies lay 4,3S3..i64.872.u00.O(M),0OO,O0n eggs.
rjepiemoer -3 1,0,004,01 ,uuu,ouip,ooo,ooo
Doubtless the figures are merely il
lustrative. It frequently' happens that
a home-owner closes his residence
June 1 without eradicating every fly
and returns not before October 1. -Yet
we never heard of an incident. where
ono had to shovel the flies away from
the front door to get in. Yet the ques
tion, "Where do all the flies come
from?" which confronts the painstak
ing housekeeper so often, generally has
but one answer. It is eggs fly eggs."
If you would have a clean house, a
healthy house, spare not a single fly.
TJXCLE SAM, THE STOREKEEPER.
Uncle Sam keeps a store, but has no
delivery system. His customers must
hack up their own delivery wagons to
his door and take away their pur
chases. John does this and also rents
wagons to his friends, Frank and Nich
olas, who are short of wagons, but
William has no wagon and has a feud
with John, who not only refuses to
rent wagons to him, but has rented
all the wagons of outsiders to the
quarrel. ' -
William says to Uncle Sam: "If you
don't sell goods" to me, you should not
sell them to John, Frank and Nicholas.
You are not giving me a square deal."
uncle Sam replies: "I will sell goods
to you. if you will take them away in
your own wagon, as my other custom
William says: "I have no wagon and
nobody will rent one to me.".
"I am sorry for you and should like
to sell to you on the same terms as I
sell to others," says Uncle Sam, "but
your inability to comply with those
terms is no fault of mine and your
quarrel with John is no affair of mine.
If I refuse to sell goods to him and
his friends because you cannot do as
they do in taking delivery at my door,
my business would be ruined and they
would have cause to accuse me of dis
crimination." . ,
William feels aggrieved as he sees
load after load of goods hauled away
from Sam's door to the premises of
John, Frank and Nicholas, and he
transfers his grievance against his ene
mies to Sam and persits in blaming
Sam for his own unfortunate position.
If we change the names of Uncle
Sam to United States, John to Great
Britain, William to Germany, Frank to
France and Nicholas to Russia, this is
the situation as regards the export of
war munitions from the United States
to Great Britain and her allies. Pres
ident Wilson has frankly told Germany
that she has no grievance and that she
has no' cause for impugning the good
faith of the United States. Germany's
Inability to understand that neutrality
requires us to permit exports to her
enemies unhindered and that to forbid
such exports would be a breach of
neutrality is due to mortification at
her inability to carry them safely to
her ports. That sentiment biasos her
judgment. We can scarcely blame her
under the circumstances, but, being
able to view the subject dispassion
ately, we can but maintain our posi
tion as the only fair one to be assumed.
JOHSflON VS. RICH I KK.
A few days ago Mr. William Richter,
of HUlsboro, wrote us a postal card, on
which he expressed the following
Your news service is faultless, hut your
editorials are rottenly English. We der
ma n a concede the right of everyone to side
with England, but we .won't allow ourselves
to be stultified by calmly accepting your as
severations of being unimpeachably neutral
in face of your vindictively Anglophile
interpretations of the cardinal points of the
In confident expectation that shortly
somebody would answer Mr. Richter
for us, his postal card was laid aside.
The answer has been forwarded by
Mr. H. Johnson, who gives his address
as Glisan street, Portland.. He says in
In spite of your anti-English persuasion
and defamation I and many more open
minded persons will continue to believe In
English methods and ideals. The English
aro not angels. Some are rotters, same as
some Americans are. All the same, the Eng
lish as a world power is the squarest-deal-ing
world power, bar none. England has
made and does make mistakes, but she is
true to humanity. I have traveled In many
climes and many countries and mixed with
many nationalities and' colors and have
found such to be the case. Hence I believe
in the English rather than in the ethics of
Germanism as promulgated in this war;
rather than in the diatribes of the Father
land: rather than in your editorial and
Carolyn Wilson falsifications. Your attempt
to make readers believe that you are un
biased and neutral Is laughable. Any intel
ligent not brilliant person can find pro
Germanism In extremis, in spite of the kind
of aftermath allusion to the United States
Government being in the same bucket as
England, viz, holding back full reports of
Now if Mr. Richter will explain, why
our "vindictively Anglophile" atti
tude does not please Mr. Johnson, and
if Mr. Johnson will tell why our "pro
Germanism in extremis" does not
please Mr. Richter, some valuable lit
erature will be added to The Orego-
nian's discussions of the European war.
SIR. EDISON'S BATTERY FOR SUB
MARINES. When Mr. Edison visited the Brook
lyn Navy-Yard last December it was
hinted that he had in mind an im
provement for the storage batteries
used on submarines. Such an improve
ment has been sadly needed and now,
according to the news reports, it has
been perfected by the great inventor.
The old storage batteries had one
fatal defect. Their principal part was
a sheet of lead suspended in sulphuric
acid, the whole being enclosed in a
hard-rubber case. When sea water
happened to penetrate the battery
chamber and come in contact with the
lead there was an immediate evolution
of chlorine gas, which is. a deadly
poison. If the men breathe it for any
length of time it causes death. Even
a small quantity of chlorine in the air
sets up hemorrhage of the lungs. Sev
eral accidents of this nature have oc
curred on submarines and the call for
an improved storage battery, free from
this peril, had become urgent.
At the surface of the sea the sub-
merslbles are propelled by gasoline en
gines, but beneath the water the stor
age battery is indispensable. Mr. Ed
ison's new invention contains chem
icals which can in no case generate
chlorine gas.- It is therefore no doubt
destined to .increase greatly the utility
of the submarine and lessen the perils
attending its navigation. i
TO THWART STOCK THIEVES. !
The Times-Herald, of Burns, Har
ney County, says there is prospect that
the Cattle and Horse-Raisers' Associa
tion of Oregon will hold its" annual
meeting in that place June 14. The
only thing in doubt is the co-operation.
or more properly the promise of at
tendance upon the meetings, of the
cattle and horse owners of Harney
This association is one that has a
work before it which local organiza
tions of the same kind cannot hope to
accomplish. As a preventive against
loss of stock from range or farm the
local associations can comb only the
neighborhood, whereas the state-wide
association is able to employ men to
watch the stockyards at market points
and thus thwart the thieves.
It is good business sense for the
stockgrowers and stockfeeders of in
terior Oregon to make such overtures
to the Cattle and Horse-Raisers' As
sociation as to secure the meeting
there in June. All the association asks
is that responsive and friendly spirit
of co-operation be manifested by a
promise to get a good attendance of
stockmen out to the meetings. It
ought to be an easy matter.
PORTLAND HAS A REMEDV.
The new rate policy of the transcon
tinental railroads is the logical out
come of the Interstate Commerce Com
mission's incomprehensible abandon
ment of the fundamental principle that
water rates govern in competition with
railroads. When the commission, by
adopting the zone system, departed
from the established rule that rates
to interior points should be the over
land rate to the Coast, plus the rate
from the Coast to the interior, it cut
loose from its moorings. If it shall
accede to the railroads' plan of reduc
ing rates from the East to Spokane
and other Interior centers below the
mileage rate, the commission will ex
pose itself to assault from points far
ther east, like Boise, Helena, Butte
and Missoula, which would then pay
a higher rate for a shorter haul.
No interior point distant from water
transportation has any natural advan
tage over any other like point entitling
it to favors such as the railroads pro
pose to show Spokane. The commis
sion cannot justly sanction such favors.
It can get on safe ground again in
only one of two ways. One is to re
store the old rule that rates to the in
terior must be the rate to the Coast,
with the back-haul rate added. That
would give Portland and other Coast
terminals the advantage of natural
location which they formerly had and
which cannot Justly be taken from
them. The other is to base rates on
distance throughout. That would de
prive the railroads of practically all
traffic to the Pacific Coast in competi-
tion with the. Panama Canal, but it
would deprive Spokane of the un
natural advantages given by the com
mission and proposed to be given by
the railroads. The latter policy would
not exclude Portland from interior
trade, but it would cause the "mer
chants of the city to carry practically
all traffic from the Atlantic Coast by
Portland has less cause for pertur
bation about the latest rate contro
versy than any other Pacific Coast city,
for in a few days it will have the rem
edy in its own hands to apply to part
of the trade territory involved. When
the Celilo Canal is open Portland will
need only to adopt the most econom
ical transportation, methods on the Co
lumbia River in order to become In
dependent of the railroad in trade with
that part of the interior accessible to
the Columbia. Steamboats and barges
will need only to be supplemented by
auto trucks In order that Portland
may reach other inland points from
the river without the aid of railroads.
Paved highways from river to the back
country would enable Portland mer
chants to ship goods into Spokane at
rates which the railroads could not
touch. Our remedy is the open river
and good roads. We have the one and
we are getting the other. With steam
ers on the one and auto truckson, the
other, Portland could go ahead, se
renely Indifferent to whatever the In
terstate Commerce Commission and
the railroads might do.
The New York Times gives the reaa-
ing public some of the Bronte sisters'
unpublished poems, which will pres
ently appear in a small volume. The
poems are not mere literary curiosities.
They are full of passionate imagina
tion, expressed with exquisite art. One
by Charlotte, called "Eventide," re-
minds us of Heine's heart-breaking
"Am Meer." There are only two verses,
but they are perfect.
The London Methodist Recorder
takes an interesting view of war,
which, it says, "is always under the
complete control of God's will." The
Recorder says the Germans have been
raised up to punish England's sins,
just as some authorities held, that the
great earthquake was sent to punish
San Francisco. Fortunately, the Lord
Is not always as bad as his spokesmen
Amelia E. Barr, the novelist, has
found a novel answer to the question
why the Lord sends wars into the
world. She thinks they stir up women
to unselfish effort and are therefore,
upon the whole, desirable. Similarly,
we suppose, ,we cannot dispense with
poverty and misery, since they pro
vide a stimulus to the kindly emotions
of the rich.
Motorists, in common with other
patriots, will rejoice to hear that the
purgatorial stretch between Tigard and
Rex, on the Newberg road, is to be
improved. Those miserable ten miles
are responsible for many an exploded
tire and many a soul lost by profanity.
When the road is "fixed" Newberg will
be one of Portland's most agreeable
The highway projected through the
Modoc lava beds will open up an at
tractive region to motorists. The coun
try surrounding Klamath Falls abounds
with interest. The lakes, the moun
tains, the odd flocks of water fowl
awaken the wonder of sightseers. But
none of the marvels surpass the lava
Will somebody explain how the
Clackamas County young man who
committed suicide by hanging was able
to tie his hands so tightly that he
could not rescue himself in case he
changed his mind? This almost dis
counts the tale of the one-armed man
who chopped off his remaining hand.
Typhus follows in war's wake and
slays the victims the furies overlook.
But science is greater than typhus. It
has discovered a vaccine that checks
the monster's ravages. The discoverer
is Dr. Harry Plotz, of New York. He
will probably save as many lives as
the European .monarchs destroy.
The figures of Mr. Muller, the rate
statistician, lead to the conclusion that
the way to -make money out of farm
ing is not to farm, but to run a rail
road. That's another check' to the
Glasgow is experimenting with
young women as platform men on
municipal traction lines. During the
war with Peru years ago Chile used
women and found they worked well.
France is retiring its older general
officers to make way for young blood,
although the old men have put up a
very good front against the best fight
ers in the world.
Somebody has just discovered the
existence of an ice trust In Portland.
He cannot have had to pay any ice
bills or he would have discovered it
4f Dr. Marcellus spreads mosquito oil
on all the lakes and sloughs, the boy
who "goes in'J three times a day will
be pretty flick by nightfall.
China has taken so long to awaken
that she should have both eyes open
and should be stretching her limbs by
The British, don't' know what they
miss when they let those Oregon ap
ples rot on board ship at remote Kirk
wall. The' Texas town 'of Goforth is well
named, but misspelled. Three of its
quadruplets are in fair way of living.
Sex of the three-legged calf at Rose
burg is not stated, but it is to be hoped
it is a heifer, with no kick coming.
The air may be thick with; peace
rumors only to keep it occupied until
it becomes thick with shells.
The weather is good and the players
are good, but they need the "ginger"
Imparted by large crowds.
The Hungarian Diet seems to regard
more expenditure on the war as good
money thrown after bad.
British cruisers patrolling this coast
need the exercise. They do not inter
fere with anybody.
Hungary has had enough and re
fuses to vote more war credit.
California will continue to hang, but
Alaska is the other way.
Germans on the western battle line
have the garden fever.
Sense and Nonsense.
Called by Addison Bennett.
PEOPLE come back to Union not
infrequently, after trying their for
tunes in other places. William Mc
Cardle, who sold, out in the town sev
eral years ago and went to Canada,
arrived back to the city Wednesday
and bought back the house and lot
which he had sold on the eve of his
departure for the North. He expects
to remain here for the future. a
Ask P. M. G. Burleson.
The Dalles Optimist.
Spend a dollar at home and it still
works for the community; send it away
and you, bid it an eternal farewell.
Coos Bay Times.
A four-headed rabbit with green eyes
whipped a hunter and killed two dogs
In Curry County.
Why. Bryan Seeds All There la.
Cottage Grove Leader.
"Kaiser Bill's throat overworked and
seriously affected" yet Bill Sunday
and Bill Bryan are still able to articu
late. Why don't the Kaiser try
Biow About Vsrdsmanf
New York Sun.
We can think of no great South
erner, not forgetjting Josephus Daniels,
who would have made such a tri
umphal progress up the east Atlantic
coast as Jess Wlllard has contrived to
endure without taking the count
Hermlaton Is All Right.
New people are securing land here
and doing improvement work. The
outlook for good crops was never bet
ter. There is work for every man and
team. Altogether the prospect is for
an excellent year.
OoDght to Go to Mexico.
Coos Bay Times.
"I never saw such a man as you
are," remarked the Central avenue man
to the Knocker the other day. "I really
believe you hate yourself." "
"Well, why shouldn't I?" the Knocker
replied. "My mother is English and
my father is German."
Ia Teddy Loose Again t
"Yes, the submarines are deadly, but
the aeroplanes will get them yet; but
say, do you know why Spring is the
most dangerous time of the year?
"Give it up." "Well because the flow
ers have pistils, the buds shoot and the
bull rushes out."
The Minor Details Count.
The main argument lor a good road
is repairs at the right time. This
seems to be the place where the road
force 6f Linn County falls down; they
fail to get In their work when it will
do the most good, waiting their con
venience and paying little attention to
the minor details of road work. -
A Sensible Ending.
J. R. Smith, whom report credits
with the ownership of a gold mine on
Lobster Creek, a goat ranch on Coos
Bay and several castles on the Rhine,
was in Bandon this week on his way
from the land of sour dough and gold
to the confines of the Coos' Bay coun
And Earn That Herself.
How many of the young men of the
country do you know who are looking
the country over for girls in 1
dresses? The young man who consults
his purse rather than his heart in mat
ters of courtship is a doubtful proposi
tion. A too conservative lover will
make a tightwad husband, and the girl
who appeals to him because she wears
a $2 gingham will, if she takes him
for her husband, find herself dressed
in about four bits' worth of calico
few years later.
Of Value to farmers,
A farmer tells us that he has prac
tically rid his farm of gophers by the
use of gasoline. He carries a bottle
and a bunch of cotton batting with him
while working in the field and when he
sees a gopher run into a hole he pours
some gasoline upon a wad of cotton
and places it at the mouth of the hole
and covers the opening with dirt. The
gas fumes are heavier than air and go
to the bottom of the hole. In an at
tempt to get air, the gopher comes to
the top of the hole and the gas does
the rest. Remove cotton in about
half an hour and Mr. Gopher will be
dead. The plan will apply to many
other burrowing animals.
Whiskerless Watson! Never!
A stranger appeared in our midst
last Saturday. His voice sounded fa
miliar and he appeared to know us,
but it required several moments of
careful inspection before we recognized
Ashland's old friend. Judge Watson.
The reason? The judge has unmerci
fully torn the hirsute adornment men
are wont to call whiskers from off his
physiognomy. Mr. Watson has been a
farmer now for the past two weeks
and It must be that the whiskers got
tangled up In his rake, or maybe the
hired man made a mistake when he
was burning brush. Mr. Watson Is still
alive and happy, but says that he has
to take a friend around with him for
identification purposes when .he visits
CHANGl'l FROM API.G ROYALTY
.SngKestton for "Miss- Portland" for
Festival Finds Quick Favor.
MEDFORD. Or.. April 21. (To the
Editor.) Three cheers. At last some
one has come forward with brains
enough to suggest a change from the
sickening aping of royalty put on in
every city In this Republic whenever
a celebration of any importance occurs.
"J. N. R.s" suggestion of "Miss Port
land" is good, also that an escort for
"Miss Portland,"' consisting of a popu
larly elected young lady from each
of the principal cities of Oregon would
increase the interest in the rose show
in all parts of the state; but do not
limit the attendants to six, let every
city in the state that will send one.
Let us have, then. Miss Rose Portland
and her attendants. Miss Medford, Miss
Eugene. Miss Astoria, etc. Yours for
a democratic celebration. " G.
Rate to Seaside and Lewlston
PRESCOTT, Or., April 20. (To the
Editor.) (1) During the Summer
months the Spokane, Portland & Seat
tle Railway Company makes a round
trip rate from Portland to Seaside or
Gearhart of $3. Is there any reason
why persons living at Rainier, which
is 46 miles down the river, should be
obliged to pay the same rate as those
living in Portland? Would the State
Railway Commission take any action
In the matter?
(2) Will you please advise me what
the fare will be on the steamer "Un
dine," which the Commercial Club has
chartered for a trip to Lewiston?
(1) It is the business of the Railroad
Commission to consider complaints as
to rates, but we cannot forecast the
(2) For round trip, $7. SO; meals and
HORSES AD MILES FOR WAR
Hnmane Society President Would Stop
Shipping- Animals for Slaughter.
PORTLAND. April 21. (To the Edi
tor.) Would it be asking too great a
favor of you to have the following ar
ticle appear in the columns of your
I have been requested, by several
people who are interested in the work
of the Humane Society of Oregon to
express my views on the subject of the
sale of the 80,000 horses and mules to
England for use in the cruel war now
ia progress, mention of which appeared
in the daily papers April 18, 1915.
There is a lot of praying going on
all over the United States with nothing
at the back of it whatever. What is
the sense of praying when you have
the iollars to sweep your God and
yourself out of all decency? Just Im
agine the people across the ocean
coming to this country to buy all the
poor Worses and mules and these people
who are selling them and the buyers
as well praying to God to stop the
war. If these would-be human beings
are so delighted in killing each other,
that is entirely a different matter, but
to force our animals to face such an
outlandish thing as this is an outrage.
Why don't the villains who are selling
these mules go and face the same thing
themselves that they are forcing; the
innocent animals to face? No, men of
this type are the biggest cowards on
earth. The dollars in sight would make
these cowards stoop to do anything.
Now, I claim these animals have
some rights on earth, just as man has,
and they should be respected, and in
my opinion these 80,000 mules and
horses that have eight days to live on
the battlefield have far more intel
ligence than the hypocrites who are
selling them or the purchasers, either,
who are praying for peace and helping
the war on to the best of their ability.
It reminds me of a man trying to put
out a fire by throwing on gasoline.
There Is Just as much intelligence dis
played In one case as the eother. Now,
I don't believe there Is an Intelligent
person in the United States but would
rather see every ship loaded with the
innocent and unprotected animals go
to the bottom of the sea, together with
all the guns and ammunition that is
reported being sent out of our land to
help carry on such a warfare, and all
be Christian nations supposed to be
highly civilized. I may be severely
criticised for expressing my views on
such an important subject as the above
and you may accuse me of being an
Infidel because I criticise prayer. I
am far from it; I believe in prayer, but
to start a war and have the unlimited
nerve to pray to God to stop it. that
looks like you were playing pinochle
with him. The facts are right here.
God never started that game over
there, and if he did not start a thing,
why pray to him to stop it?
Now. you brothers who are used to
praying. Just cut out prayer for a time
and try something that you are more
accustomed to. You had better find
yourself first and pray afterwards.
Let's all go to work now In earnest.
Let prayer rest. Don't pray for divine
help with a material brain. Get in
How to stop the shipments of mules
and horses from the State of Oregon
for one year.
This would be my suggestion: Let
the Governor of the state Issue a proc
lamation to this effect, as was done a
few years ago by ordering a legal holi
day for the banks covering a period
"I. the Governor of Oregon, declare
a legal holiday for a period of one year
from April 25, 1815. to April 25. IMS.
for the purpose of protecting the
mules and horses of the Slate of Ore
gon, by prohibiting the transfer of all
horses and mules from Oregon to other
states or territories for use in the war
in Europe, or other purposes. Any per
son or persons buying horses or mules
in Oregon for use In the European war
or transfers to other states or terri
tories for the period of one year, as
stated, shall, upon conviction, be fined
not less than $50 nor more than 500
for each offense, or not less than three
months nor more than one year in the
County Jail for each offense."
If a legal holiday can be declared
for one set of men it certainly can
for others without any quibbling. Those
who want to fight such a law, let them
fight. By the time they get through
fighting the law the war will be over.
Now is the time we want the pro
tection. I want the women of Ore
gon as well as the men to stand by me
and put Oregon at the top of the list
as the starter of this great work. There
are no money grabbers in this transac
OREGON HUMANE SOCIETY.
By A. Cowperthwait. President.
"XIHSE'S" PAMPHLET ATTACKED
Devoted Mother Points Oat Work for
District Attorney to Do.
PORTLAND, April 21. (To the Edi
tor.) Your item. April 21. regarding
the shortage of babies desired for
adoption, calls to mind an incident
that came to my attention the other
My 16-year-old daughter was discov
ered by me reading a pamphlet writ
ten by a person passing herself off as
a trained nurse. I am not certain that
the name is genuine. I am inclined to
think that it is assumed, for I cannot
bring myself to believe that any self
respecting woman would sign her real
name to such lewd and obscene writ
ing as this pamphlet proved to be.
In It were given the most minute and
revolting details, expressed in the
plainest, baldest and most nauseat
ingly indecent manner, as to how God's
law of human reproduction could be
effectively circumvented by the fiend
ish ingenuity of mankind.
Think'of a condition of society which
permits such horrible printed matter
to fall into the -hands of innocent young
girls! Think bow such gross and scur
rilous stuff may debauch the heart and
mind of a young woman! Think of the
unchaste and sinful conduct which such
shameful and blasphemous knowledge
as that of artificially restricting the
development and birth of an Immortal
human soul may lead to!
I have heard that thousand of these
pamphlets have been distributed in
Portland, just by whom or through
what agency J cannot say. Neither
can I understand the motive, unless it
be to encourage viclousness.
Certainly those who are responsible
for such distribution have done a very
wicked thing. If the hearts and bodies
and souls of pure young girls are blast
ed as a result of such vile literature,
those who brought it Into our com
munity will have to answer to eternal
God for their sins.
Meanwhile, is there no law which the
District Attorney, who is a clean, moral
man, can invoke so as in some way to
stop tHe further spread of this poison
ous obscenity among our young peo
ple, and especially our girls?
A DEVOTED MOTHER
South American Trade.
WALLA WALLA. Wash., April 21.--(To
the Editor.) To whom would I
address a letter for information re
garding business conditions in Chile,
Brazil and Argentina? Would it be
possible to learn whether different
lines are handled similar to the cus
toms of this country, such as the un
DAN J. HENNESSEY.
Address letters of Inquiry to "The
American Consul" at the principal cities
In the country about which you desire
Information. American Consuls are lo
cated at Bahla, Para. Pernambuco and
Rio d Janeiro, Brazil; Iqulque, Punta
Arenas and Valparaiso, Chile; Buenos
Ay res and Roaarlo. Argentina,
Twenty-Five Years Ago
From The Oreconian. April -l, 1P90.
New York The American Federation
of Labor has it-sued an appeal to all
members excepting carpenters and
Joiners, asking them not to take a part
in the agitation and demonstration for
an eight-hour day, until the result of
the first great struggle that of the
carpenters is decided.
Washington Senator Mitchell yester
day addressed the Senate, urging a
change In tho procedure of electing
United -States Senators. He said there
had been 15 changes in the Constitu
tion and asked what one had been un
welcome, lie also declared the pres
ent system of choslng Senators unrt
publican and vicious.
Corvallis, Or. The Benton County
Democrats nominated the following
ticket yesterday: Delegates to the
state convention, S. G. Thompson, Allan
Parker, John Burnett. M. M. Davis. P.
Avery. P. Scott and I,. E. Cauthorne;
SLate Senator, S. G. Thompson; Repre
sentatives, Jess Foster. K. 11. Gibson:
.ludei E. Hulgate; Sheriff, William
Mackey: Assessor, E. Skipton: Com
missioner, Wesley lllnton: Treasurer,
M. 1'. Burnett; School Superintendent,
Miss Nettle Spencer; Surveyor. A. Is
Porter; Coroner, Dr. Applewhite.
All teachers of the city schools will
meet on the evening of April 6 at the
High School to hear nn address by
State Superintendent McElroy and a
paper on "Physical Training" by Mr.
Martin, vice-principal of Falling School.
Professor Ackerman. of Jlolladay
School also will participate In the pro
gramme, as will Professor Gault, of
The Seattle Press Club has beeri
established and officers will be elected
The number of guests entertained at
the new Portland Hotel is astonishing.
For several nights there have been
scarcely any rooms vacant and travel
is already increasing with the coming"
of Spring weather. Those very persons
who once declared the hotel was far
too large and that it never would be
filled, now are realizing It Is If any
thing not large enough.
It was reported yesterday that Dan
Sprague intended to run for Constable
in South Portland against Sam Sim
mons, who defeated him two years ago,
but as Sprague has moved across the
line some time ago, he is out of tho
As George B. Markle and wife were
returning from the funeral of William
Sherman yesterday their horses took;
fright from an electric car at Eighteenth
and B streets. One of the horses
Jumped over the other and in the mix
up the harness was broken and a gen
eral smashup and runaway was Immi
nent. But before the buggy was upset
Mrs. Markle was helped to the ground.
Several of the firemen from the engine
house came to the assistance of the
couple and prevented what appeared
would be a disaster.
The James G. Blaine Club Is planning
a rousing meeting for next Thursday,
and intend for it to stir Republican en
thusiasm .to a high pitch.
Mr. Olln L. Warner, the sculptor of
the Skldmore fountain, has spent part
of the Winter In this city In a studio of
his own building on Johnson Hill. Mr.
Warner has had commissions from W.
S. Ladrl, Charles Ladd and from C. E. S.
Wood for the group of the five Wood
children, and for a life-sized medallion
of General Gibbon, commanding this
Delegates to the Democratic state
convention are arriving. Pennoyer
seems to be the choice for the Demo
cratic nomination for Governor. J. N.
Teal and Ed McKee are spoken of for
UHi:(.ii hi ilimm? is aitii i:c iatkii
D. O. Lively Bays Ilrcent Criticism of
Interior Not Warranted.
SAN FRANCISCO. Cal., April 19.
(To the Editor.) Some time ao I read
in one of tho Portland papers a criti
cism about the Interior arrangement of
the Oresron liuildlncv Exposition of
ficials are more than ordinarily busy
men, but after reading this criticism r
took the opportunity of paying a visit
to the Oregon building to see for my
self the work that had been done by
tho Oregon commission.
As a result of careful investigation
I am able to say that the trust reposed
in the commission has been well plseed.
The problem of filling bo large a ipani
has been successfully worked out. The
building and its exhibits attract a preac
number of visitors nnd I made It my
business to ak a number how thi-v
were Impressed by what they had seen.
Without exception the answers were
The exhibits of photographs, ibe moving-picture
display of Oregon activities
and resources and the entire arrange
ment of the buildinjr constitute a splen
did advertisement for the State of Ore
gon. The balance sheets showing how the
money has been expended demonstrate
that the commission bus been economi
cal as possible. As far as I am con
cerned, knowing the extraordinary
cost of everything connected with ait
exposition, the results accomplished In
the Oregon building for the amount
of money Is little short of marvelous.
Tne luncheons being served by tho
home economic class of the Oregon
Agricultural College attract numerous
visitors and have won for the college
and the Oregon building many expres
sions of praise. The officials and at
tendants in charge are always present,
and are eager and willing to show
visitors about. D. O. LIVELY,
Chief of the Department of Livestock.
The house was still, the room was still,
'Twas eventide in June;
A caged canary to the sun
Then setting, trilled a tune.
A free bird on that lilac bush
Outside the lattice heard.
He listened long there came a hush.
He xlropped an answering word
t hrss Came by Mall Wanted.
GRANTS PASS. Or., April 13. (To
the Editor.) Could you give tne the
name and address of some person who
would care to play a game of chess by
correspondence? Tf you can do so I will
be very much obliged. Am only an
amateur. L DWIGHT JEWELL.
P. O. Box 724.
Look in the Index
When you seek some information
in a reference book you save time
by turning to the index.
The advertising Jn this newspaper
Is the index to the fulfillment of
It presents the cream of commer
It tells you the story of men and
Advertising Is a time savrT and
a money saver. It In like the In
dex that gives the exact page and
paragraph to turn to.