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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL.. L.V NO. 16,OTl.
PORTLAND, OREGON, FHIDAY, APRIL 16, 1915.
PRICK riVK CENTS.
APOLOGY MADE FOR
Chile's Protest Heeded
by Great Britain.
INTERNMENT ORDERED AT TIME
German Colors Still Up and
' Guns Ready, Says London.
INTENT TO RAID SUSPECTED
Defiance of Island Governor's In
; f. Hue Hons Probably Assumed by
Commander of British, Is View,
, but Regret Unqualified.
LOXDON", April 15. The British
government has offered a "full and
ample apology" to the Chilean govern
ment for the sinking: on March 1 in
Chilean territorial waters of the Ger
man cruiser Dresden, the internment
of which had already been ordered by
the maritime governor of Cumberland
Bay when the British squadron, at
tacked and sank tier.
This fact was made public , tonight
in a white paper, giving the texts of
the Chilean note protesting against the
sinking of the Dresden and the British
German Ordered Interned.
The note delivered by the Chilean
Minister to Great Britain says that
the Dresden anchored in Cumberland
Bay (Juan Fernandea Island). March
9, and asked permission to remain
eight days for the purpose of repair
ing her engines, which were said to be
out of order. The Governor refused
the request, as he considered it un
founded, and ordered the captain to
leave the bay within 24 hours.
As the order was not complied with
the captain of the Dresden was In
formed that his ship was Interned.
When the British squadron appeared
on March 14, the Governor was pro
ceding to the cruiser Glasgow to In
form the British officers of the steps
ha had taken, but he had to turn back,
as the British ships opened fire. on the
Dresden, on which a flag of truce al
ready had been hoisted, and called on
her captain to surrender.
' Chile Painfully Surprised.
The captain gave orders to blow up
the magazine of the Dresden.
"This act of histility committed in
Chilean territorial waters by a British
naval squadron," says the Chilean Min
ister, "has painfully surprised my gov
ernment." Continuing, the - Minister says that
had the officer in command of the
British squadron received the Gov
ernor and been informed that the Dres
den was interned he was convinced
"the British commander would not
have opened fire on her and bronght
about a situation which constrains the
Chilean government. In defense of its
sovereign rights, to formulate a most
Britain Expresses Regret.
After referring to the hospitality
shown British ships in Chilean waters
and to the long friendship between the
two peoples, the Minister says:
"Nothing could be a more painful
surprise to us than to see our ex
tremely cordial attitude repaid by an
act which bears, unfortunately, all the
evidence of contempt for our sovereign
rights, although it Is probable that
nothing was further from the minds of
those by whom it was unthinkingly
The British government, in its reply,
expresses regret that a misunderstand
ing arose, and adds:
"On the facts as slated in tho cora-
nmntcatiun of the Chilean Minister, the
British government is prepared to of
fer a full and ample apology to the
German Still Flying- Colors.
"It I.-, however, pointed out that, ac
cording to the British information, the
Dresden hud -not accepted internment
ond itill had her colors flying and her
The British reply continues: "If this
i.-i :so and there were no means avail
able for enforcing the decision of the
Chilean authorities to intern the Dres
den. tte might obviously, had not the
Brili.-h ships taken action, have es
caped, again to attack British com
merce." It is added:
"The captain of the Glasgow prob
ably assumed, especially In view of the
past action of the Dresden, that she
was defying- the Chilean authorities
and abusing Chilean neutrality and
was only waiting for a favorable op
portunity to sally out and attack Brit
ish commerce again. ,
"In view or the time tt would take
to clear up the circumstances and be
cause of the Chilean communication,
the British government does not wish
to qualify the apology that they now
present to the Chilean government." "
Man, 101, to Marry Again.
JOPLIN. Mo., April 15. William L.
Miller, 101 years, announcing his wed
ding today to Mrs. Nancy B. Tike. 60,
issued a general Invitation to the public
to attend. Miller was married twice
Miller, who was born In Alabama,
makes his living largely from a garden
h cultivates himself.
2 ZEPPELINS RAID
TOWNS IN ENGLAND
AERIAL BOMBARDMENT BEGINS
AFTER MIDNIGHT. .
Woman Is Only Person Keported In.
jured and Sonic Houses Are .
Set on lire.
LONDON, April 16 Two Zeppelin
airships visited the east coast of Eng
land shortly after midnight, dropping
bombs on several towns, doing consid
erable damage to property. As far as
has been ascertained only one person,
a woman, was Injured. It is said she
was only slightly hurt.
The airships dropped four bombs on
Maiden. In Essex County, 30 miles north
east of London, but no damage re
sulted. Bombs also were dropped In
the -Heybrldge Basin, two miles across
the river. These set Are to some build
ings. The airships "came up the Black
water Rtver and over the marshes and
At Lowestoft, on the North Sea In
Suffolk County, three bombs were
dropped, considerable damage result
ing to house property In the center of
the town. A lumber yard also was set
on Are. The window panes in many
houses were shattered. Three horses
belonging to the railway company were
Previously the aircraft had visited
Southwold, 12 miles south of Lowestoft,
and, having missed striking that town
with Its missiles, went on to Hales
worth, eight miles inland. It then re
turned to Southwold and dropped six
16,000 CARPENTERS STRIKE
All Building In Chicago Will Stop,
It Is Said.
CHICAGO, April 15. Sixteen thousand
Union carpenters anticipated a lock
out which would become effective to
morrow and went on strike at the close
of work today. The strike, ordered by
Union officials, followed a demand for
an Increase In wages from 65. to 70
cents an hour. '
The lockout order was the result of
a general order of the Building Con
struction Employers' Association, di
rected at every uniOn in the building
trades which might permit Its working
agreement to expire. After the strike
was declared the employers made pub
lic a special notice which said none of
the men who struck would be permitted
to return to work.
The strike of the carpenters will halt
all building construction in Chicago,
it was said tonight.
ZEPPELIN BEATS SEACRAFT
Trip of 800 Miles Believed Made by
Raider of English Towns.
LONDON, April 15 The skippers of
the British trawlers, who sighted the
Zeppelin airship which last night raided
tho northeast coast of England, describe
her as the Z-9, one of the latest type
of German airship. The trawlers sighted
tho craft 100 miles from land. They
believe she came from Heligoland. If
she returned to that Island the calcula
tion is made that she must have cov
ered on her trip something like 800
The trawlers came at full speed for
port Immediately after they recognized
the Zeppelin, with the object of giving
warning, but they were easily outdis
tanced by the airship.
AMERICANS JVID GERMANY
Three Auto Hospital Trains Are Pre
sented for Armies.
FRANKFORT -ON-MAIN, via London,
April 15. Three hospital trains, each
consisting of an automobile with two
trailers, have betn presented to the
military commander here as a gift
from friends of Germany in the United
States." They were obtained through
the activity of Mrs. Taylor, an Ameri
can resident here.
Otie of the trains will be attached to
the army of Crown Prince Frederick
William: another to that of General
von llindenburg, and the third to the
Eighteenth Army Corps.
LIFE GIVENT0SAVE WIFE
WJtnccs Agree as to Saerifiec of
Sculptor in Auto Accident.
NEW TORK. April 15. Edgar K.
James, whose automobile caused the
death of Karl T. F. Bitter, the sculptor,
and seriously Injured his wife .by run
ning into them on Broadway last Fri
day nisht, was absolved from blame
today by a Coroner's jury. The Jury
found that the accident was un
avoidable. All the witnesses who testified agreed
that the sculptor sacrificed his life to
save that of his wife.
NEW LINER COMES NORTH-
Louis W. Hill Among Passengers on
Northern Pacific for Flavel.
SAN FRANCISCO, April 14 The steam
er Northern Pacific of the Great North
ern Pacific Steamship Company sister
ship of the Great Northern, sailed today
on her maiden trip between San Fran
cisco and Flavel, Or.
Louis W. Hill, president of the Great
Northern Railway, and his family, were
passengers. They are returning to their
home in .St. Paul.
Gladstones Grandson War Victim.
LONDON. April 15. William G. C.
Gladstone, grandson of the great Lib
eral statesman, has been killed in ac
tion in France. Particulars of his death
are lacking. Mr. .Gladstone was 29
years old. He was a Liberal member
of the House of Commons. He served
in 1910 and 1911 as an attache to the
British Embassy in Washington.
WAR ADDS AUSTRIA
TO GERMAN EMPIRE
McCormick Thinks An
WORLD DOMINATION AT STAKE
No Power Now Fighting Is in
Mood to Talk Peace.
BITTER HATRED GROWING
British Feel Cessation ot Warfare
Means Certain' Destruction and
That Germans Later Would
Crush Allies In Detail.
BY TiOBErtT R. M'CORMICK.
(War correspondent of the Chicago Trib
une. Copyright. 1!15. by the Tribune. Pub
lished by arrangement.)
WRITTEN AT SEA, NEAR, MALTA,
March 25. Every time I have heard
peace discussed I have brought up the
French and English constantly ask
what we think about the war, about
the Germans, about Belgium, about
atrocities; never about peace.
At the time I interviewd the Cabinet
England's terms were the evacuation
and compensation of Belgium, togeth
er with the terms to be demanded by
In Paris the officials were less ex
plicit, but I became satisfied that the
return of Alsace and Lorraine would
satisfy France, and even less might be
Only the fear of becoming a member
of the peace faker club prevented my
cabling these terms.
Army Wants No Pence.
Then I went to the army and the
early peace scales dropped from my
"Peace? There wijl be no peace 4111
we are in Germany," roared a sergeant
In a faded blue coat. "They destroyed
my house and drove out my wife while
I was witb the army at the Meusu. I
am going to Prussia for another."
Then his speech became rapid and his
voice rose. His companions gesticu
lated approval. (
With his flashing eyes and unkempt
beard he looked more like a buccaneer
than the peasant who was quietly rais
ing beets last July.
"It Is better not to mention peace,"
said the lieutenant who was my guide.
"These men have suffered much and
are not reasonable. Tou would become
(xOTcrnment IWot Consnlted.
"But then you talk to me about It,"
I replied. "I have talked to the govern
"The government has nothing to
say," was the astonishing rejoinder.
"The army will make peace, but not
until it is In Germany."
The army, of course. Every able
bodied man is in the army now. The
army Is the nation.
But in Germany that Is different. I
(Concluded on Page 6.)
in , v rST. a v.) - -rrv- m. sz. rr . -.- ir
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature,
7H.O degrees; minimum. 47.0 decree.
TODAY Fair, not so warm; wind moatly
McCormick regards annexation of Austria to
Uernaany as virtually complete. Page 1.
Dutch ship sunk by torpedo while at anchor
In North Kea. Puge 1.
Britain apologizes to Chile for sinking Ger
man cruiser in neutral harbor, rage 1.
German editor calls attention to future with
war cost counted. Page 2.
Many Germans predict war will end In Fall.
Two Zeppelins bombard several English
towns. Page 1.
French say they won brilliant success near
Arras. Page 2.
Huerta says Mexico will be saved by Mex
ican, l ut would resist invasion to last
man. Page 1.
Japan denies establishment of naval base
on Turtle Island. Page 5.
Great Axisona dams collapse; eight lives
.lost; property damage heavy. Pago 5.
Distinguished Catholic assemblage blessed by
Pope. Pago 6.
Sociologist says low wages are to blame for
evils among unskilled laborers. Page 6.
Coos Bay mn arrested at Sea. as counter
feiters. Page 13.
Oregon rose, tulip and pansy are marvel of
Exposition crowds. Page 19.
Captain of Invercoe, sunk by Eltel, tells of
courtesies shown him. Page 7.
Attorneys for ex-Oovrnor West ask for
directed verdict in damage suit. Page 7
Baseball boosters have surplus from sale of
buttons. Pae 14.
Marquard pitches no-hit game for Giants.
Pacific Coast League results Portland 5,
Venice 1; Los Angeles 6, San Francisco
S; Salt Lake 2, Oakland 1. Page 14.
Commercial and Marine.
Cersai rates to rise 3 cents In Mar. Pase 18.
Grain dealers predict large shipments of
wheat by rail to Eastern Stats.
Tightening of world's wheat supply sends
prices up at Chicago. Page 19.
Stock market breaks record for breadth of
trading. Page 19.
Portland and Vicinity.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 19.
Ladies of Maccabees open, state convention.
Circuit Judge Gantcnbeln defendant In $25,
"o suit In which lawyer alleges slander.
New movie films approved by patrons.
Road bonds likely to bring 50.CK)0 pre
mium, and plans discussed. Page 11.
Judge McGinn warns Jury panel of hired In
fluence. Page 12.
Louis Hill promises to send Indians to Port
land ""for Rose Festival. Page 14."
BERLIN MARKETS ACTIVE
Thousands of Head of Livestock Arc
Offered for Sale.
BERLIN, April 16, via wireless to Say
ville, N. Y, The Overseas News Agrency
says that there was offered for sale on
the Berlin market today 1116 bead of
cattle, 2329 calves, t74 sheep and 2o,')67
swine. Some of tno prices follow:
Live weight calves, 45 to lis marks,
and swine, 75 to 102 marks per 100
pounds, according to quality. The
wholesale price of butter ranged from
156 to 164 mffrka per 100 pounds.
SUFFRAGISTS WILL MARCH
Five Hundred to Visit Xcw Vork
Senator, Asking- His Views.
NEW YORK, April 13. Mrs. o. 11.
P. Belmont announced today that COO
women of this city will march to the
office of United States Senator O'Gor
man here April 30 to obtain his views
on Woman Suffrage.
This, Mrs. Belmont said, would be
the first of a series of calls to be made
on members of Congress in a Nation
wide campaign, begun by the Congres
sional Union for Woman Suffrage.
IT WAS SOME LANDSLIDE.
DUTCH SHIP SUNK
WHILE AT ANCHOR
PERISCOPE IS SEEN BY CREW
Vessel Laden With Grain to
ALL LIGHTS ARE BURNING
Press or Holand Declares It Is
"o Longer Possible to Construc
Sucji Attacks an Mere Conse
quence of "War.
LONDON. April 15 The Netherlands
steamer Katwljk, from Baltimore for
Rotterdam, was torpedoed yesterday
while anchored seven miles west of the
North Hinder lightship In the North
Sea. The crew of 23 men was saved
and taken aboard the lightship.
The Katwljk was a freight steamer.
Built in 1903, she was 1267 net tons
and 281 feet long. She sailed from Bal
timore March 26 for Rotterdam, and
passed Dover April 14.
Periscope Seen by Crew.
A dispatch to Reuter's from Flushing
reports the arrival there of the. crew
of the Katwijk. The men say that while
the night watch was being changed a
severe shock was felt and the ship be
gan to take in water. As the steamer
was sinking the crew took to the boats,
and while rowing away saw the perl
scope of a submarine, which quickly
The Katwijk sank 15 minutes after
the explosion. Reuter's Amsterdam cor
respondent say3 the Katwijk had been
lying at anchor for 15 minutes when
she was torpedoed on the port side.
Ship's Lights All Burning.
The correspondent says a message
received from the Hook of Holland de
clares that all the ship's lights were
burning at the time of the attack. After
the torpedo struck the Katwljk caught
fire, and only the ship's papers could be
The Amsterdam Telegraaf, comment
ing on the occurrence, says:
"We must expect that the German
government will, without loss of time,
be made responsible for this severe vio
lation of the rights of neutral powers.
The talk of there being pyrites among
the cargo of grain or that the ship was
about to be chartered by the British
government, cannot now be discussed.
The plain fact Is that a Dutch ship,
chartered by the Dutch government, has
been torpedoed off the Dutch coast by
a state pretending to -maintain friendly
relations with the Netherlands.
Open Enmity Preferred.
"How many similar proofs of friend
ship must we receive before we declare
we prefer open enmity?"
The Rotterdam Maasbode says of the
"It Is Impossible to establish a con-
Concluded on Pace 2.)
?- fM''. ... r'7"
Thursdays War Moves
7Y LTHOUGH it Is not yet certain that
m a German submarine boat was re
sponsible for the sending to the bot
tom of the Dutch steamer Katwljk off
the North Hinder Lightship Wednesday
night, the sinking of the vessel has
aroused the indignation of tho Dutch
people, as evidenced by the editorials of
the newspapers in Holland.
The Katwijk, which was loaded with
grain from Baltimore consigned to the
Dutch government. Is reported to have
been lying at anchor at the time of
the explosion and to have been flying
the Dutch flag. The Dutch newspapers
Insist therefore that no mistake could
have been made, and that if a German
submarine actually torpedoed the
steamer, "we must expect that the
German govern-,, will, without loss
of time, 0SN .esponstble for this
seve- --j . ..on of the rights of neu
iho fact that the Dutch government
was directly involved In the Katwijk's
cargo and that the news of the sinking
of tho steamer came Immediately on
top of the announcement that four
Dutch trawlers had been seized by the
'ermans and taken to Zeebrugge ap
parently heightened tho feelings of the
The Katwijk incident and many ru
mors of diplomatic movements In Italy
and the near Ea-st seemingly made the
people of England almost forget
Wednesday night's Zeppelin raid over
Northumberland County and fighting
on the continent.
Next in interest to the sinking of the
ftatwllk was the nublication of
"white naner" slmwine IViut Hr,at Ret
ain acknowledged that Britlwh cruisers
naa siinK the berman cruiser Dresden
in Chilean territorial waters and had
offered an apology for the action of her
As far as fighting is concerned, the
battles in the Carpathians and In the
Woevre are the only ones of any Impor
tance. The Russians, although now
faced by much larger forces than they
were at the beginning of the battle
three months ago, are said to be con
tinuing their efforts to force the Aus-
tro-German armies out of the Carpa
thians and open the way to Hungary.
Having successfully taken the western
passes, they are bending their energies
on an attempt to capture the I'zsok
Pass and the heights to the northeast
of that break In the mountains.
Petrograd asserts that the Russians
are making steady progress, despite the
efforts of the Austro-Germans to out
flank them; but the Austrians Insist
that the recent fighting has been In
their favor and that they have captured
another important height northwest of
In the Woevre the I'rench apparently
have revived their offensive and at sev
eral points say they have added mate
rially to the ground gained, which has
drawn them a step nearer their main
objective the removal of the German
wedge which bends their line back to
In the Argonne and in Alsace and in
the region of the Somme, the French
declare they also have made some prog
ress, but this is In direct contradiction
of the Berlin official report, which says
that all the French attacks were re
ONLY TWO PASS PARK TEST
K. T. Mische, Former orrlcial. High,
est; Successor Kecond.
Out of six persons who took a recent
civil service examination for the posi
tion of park superintendent, only two
passed, according to the ratings as
made public yesterday by the Municipal
Civil Service Bureau. K. T. Mische. who
resigned from the position several
months ago, passed highest with a rat
ing of 80.64 per cent. J. O. Convlll. who
took Mr. Mische's place, passed with a
rating of 75.4-.
The two names will be submitted to
City Commissioner Brewster, who will
make the permanent appointment. He
can appoint either of them. Those who
took the examination and failed and the
rating received were: Ldwin Nyden.
per cent; Arthur D. Montleth.
70.S0 per cent; C. P. Keyser. 65.76 per
cent; H. L. Wold, 49.03 per cent.
FRENCH CLERGY VISIT POPE
Callers Approve Peace Prarer, In
eluding Plea for Victorious tYance.
ROME, April 14. Several French
bishops and priests came to Rome to
day to consult with the Holy See con
cerning the prayers for peace written
by Pooe Benedict for use in Roman
Catholic Churches the world over next
These clergymen said that the Ro
man Catholics of France, including the
clergy, while subscribing to the Pope's
wish, decided to embody in the prayers
a petition for the victory of their coun
try in the war.
In support of this contention they
pointed out that a larger number of
the Roman Catholic clergy In France
than on any previous occasion had
taken up arms for their country.
ALASKAN WORK TO START
Employes of Engineering; Commis
sion Sail With Equipment.
SEATTLE. Wash., April 15. Ten
employes of the Alaska engineering
commibsion sailed tonight for Ship
Creek, Cook Inlet. on the Admiral
Evans, taking with them supplies and
tools for the beginning nf work on the
Government railroad. The heavy ma
chinery and construction outfits have
not been purchased.
C. K. Dole, who will have charge of
the "Seattle headquarters of the Com
mission, will arrive here next Sunday
and will direct the acquirement and
shipping of machinery. A postoffire
will be established immediately at KniU
Anchorage, Cook Inlet.
NATION WILL YET BE
SAVED, SAYS HOERTA
Ex-Dictator Adds Mex
ico Is Unconquerable.
PRESENT ANARCHY DEPLORED
Details of Death of Madero
Kept "Professional Secret."
BORDER TRIP IS DENIED
Krricmption of Mexico bj .Mm can
Is Predicted, but Who Man Will
Ho rx-Prepidenl CVinfescs
He Hoes Mot Know.
NKW YORK. April 1 5. Vehement I y
averting that he had nothing to do with
tho death of Francisco Madero, Gen
eral Vi-toriiiuo Huerta. ex-provlslonal
president of Mexico, issued a Ioiik
signed statement tonight setting farth
what he termed his wide of the Mexican
question. General Huerta dr-clare that
he knew who was responsible for Ma
dero's death, but that he was keeping
it as a professional secret."
General Huerta's statement reviewed
the history of the Madero revolution
and his own accession to the provi
sional prenlUemy and -oneludn. willi
the (insertion that "my country cannot
be conquered." Sixten millions ot
men, women and children would have
to be killed before Mexico would sub
mit to an invader, he Hsuerled.
Wanhlnaton Declared laird.
Tho heads of the Washington Ad
ministration. l;e declared, had not been
fair to Mexico, had been :ni.-le,l by
false statements, and if they had bee
In Mexico for 30 days "they would
have changed their thuoret ical. errone
ous Ideas." Had it not been for the
embargo on the exportation of arms
from thin country, General Huerta In
dicated that his army would have pre
vaitml over those oppos-ii to it.
Tho ex-I'r-o i.ilontil President reiter
ated tho assertion which he tnad
when he left Mexico last year, that h:
had resigned from his position only be
cause he hoped to brlnjf peace to hl.i
He pointed out that in the el ht
months elapsed tlnm that date the Kit
uatiou In Mexico had become "too sad
for me to analyze deeply."
"Anirrkjr" Inadequate Term.
"Anarchy Is too soft a word to call
it," he naid.
Mexico would eventually be saved,
but by a Mexican. Who that would bt
he did not lenow.
General Huerta declined. In rtnimnn;
to questions, to give any Inkling as lo
his future movements. He denied I lie
report that he would go to f-an Antonio,
Tex., or any other point near thu Mex
ican border. Discussing the death of
Madero, he said:
"That Is a prof eHSional secret.- Law
yers have secrets, doctors hae frcrets
I am a soldier why should not a sol
dier have secrets? It Is not through
friendship for any one that 1 am with
holding the information. It is a pro
fessional duty. The time will soon
come when my name will be vindicated
and, as General Lrc said of Oencr.il
Jackson, the world will say of me that
I stood like a stone wall, submitting t
tho Ignominy and the Insults that hae
been heaped upon m."
LIBERTY BELL TO BE SENT
Philadelphia to Permit Kxhibiiion
at Sun FVanclco.
PHILADELPHIA. April 15. Slecl
and common councils today decided to
allow the historic Liberty Bell to be
sent to the Fanama-Paclf Ic Exposition.
Resolutions providing for Its trip
across the continent were unanimously
adopted by both branches. Mayor
Blankenburg announced tonight he
would sign the resolutions and only
minor details now remain to complete
SAN PIKGO. Cal., April IS. When it
became known here today that the
councils of Philadelphia had voted to
permit the Liberty Bell to be sent to
the Panama-Pacific Kxpoeltlon at Pan
Francisco after July 4, President Dav
idson, of the Panama-California Expo
sition sent a telegram to the Philadel
phia council requesting that the bell
also be exhibited here.
BISHOP TAKEN TO HOSPITAL
Mr. Sumner, Sofferlng Throat Trou
ble, Strlck'en at Koscbnrg.
ROSEBUriG, Or., April 13 (Special.)
Suffering from an affliction of the
throat. Bishop Taylor Walter Rumiier.
of the Episcopal diocese of Oregon, to
day was taken to Mercy Hospital hern
tor treatment. The attending physi
cians are hopeful that Bishop Suinn-r
will be able to leave the hospital to
morrow. The patient arrived here early to
day, accompanied by ArcHJearoti
Chambers, of Portland. Their tnlveioii
here was to inspect the Kpiscoiul
property and meet the members of th.-.
congregation. The bishop said he hnd
been troubled with his throat fr
eral days, but did not consider hi.i con
dition serious until he reached l:o.-burg.