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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 6, 1915)
TTTO arOKXIXG OREGONIAN. TUESDAY, APRIL 6, 1913.
BIT E1TEL IS
HINTED; T06S NEAR
Activity About German Raitfer
Is Greater Than at Any
Time Since Arrival.
BRITISH PROTEST HER STAY
I'crilouj, ElTort' to SRp Through
Coition or Ekh' Yarebipa Must
He Made at Once. It At -JL,
fcay A'ewport Xcws Folk.
XEWPOUT XEVl'J. Va.. April 3.
Greater activity by effiiciaJa of the
Washington, GoTernment with relation
to the German merchant raider Prinz
F.ltel Frledrlch was evident today than
at any time since tile arrival ef the
er.uiser- at this port, nearly a month
Xate in the day important messages
were exchanged between the Treasury
Department and Collector of Customs
Hamilton after the latter had conferred:
with Rear-Admiral Beatty. command
ant of the Neefolk Navy-Yard, and
with Rear-admiral Helm on board: the
battleship Alabama, Tonight Collector
Hamilton went oa board the Prima
Eltel and conferred with the com
mander ef the German- e-hip. AC 9
o'clock the- Collector left the Eitei for
Hampton Roads where he again- board,
d the Alabama. Rear-Admiral Beatty
and staff visited th Eirel late tn the
Another development was a vnit ef
Commander Thiertchens- te- the Ameri
can battteehjpi where ha paid Ma re
aiiects. to Ad-mrvaf Helm;
Arrival e t tugs- at the Eltel';
eier early In the day gin rise to re
oi ts that the Herman ship was abou
.If the Eitel Friedrich is to make
41: for sea anil attempt to escape th
ailied fleet off the Virginia coast, th
conviction here is that the perilous ef
tort must be-" made at onee.
Bai-corr- itjer.i. British VbceonsuP a(
Norfolk. 4scsseed phases of the Eitei
ease With the Collector of Customs to
day. Complaint is said to have been
made on the part of Great Britain that
the German cruiser has exceeded the
time she should b permitted, to re
Today was a helidsy for- the erew o-f
the Kitel. many 'of whom had.
trlcted shore leave.
' Pb-i tlamt. i eceived' lusl'rni't'i'jns from
the Navy Department yesterday to beg-in
the enlistment of men, honorably
discharged from the navy, ia the Naval
Tire Naval- Reserve war provide for
by an act of Congress, approved March
3. 1915. Only men honorably discharged
from- the navy- may be members. The
act provides for Bar for- th men who
elect to join th raserva the amount
being graded according to the length
of service in the Navy. The plan is
to have as organization.- ef the reserve
in every community where there are
twe or more, members. They will be
required: ro report at a designated:
place ia their own community once
each quarter for muster and inspec
'tjon- a-nrf to sign, pay roll.
Officials aire f the opinion that :
large number of former naval men will
avail themselves" of the opportunity to
join- the reserv
IS NOT ADMITTED
FRYE INDEMNITY ASKED
C.MTED STATES WAXTS S3SS,0S9
foe toss or vessel.
Request ef Germany fer Pliant I
rladea Cost ef Ship and Freight
Charge ear Ite Carre.
SUIT OVER WATER ARGUED
lu junction Against 3-fiInaabie Lay.
'ing Mains Xe linger Effective.
OREGON CITY. April 5. (Special.)
-The injunction suit of the Milwaukie
Water Company against the City of
Milwaukie was argued before Circuit
Jurige Campbell today and: was take
ander aaviaeatenB by. the court.
However, Judge Campbell decided
that the temporary in Kictiea granted
by County Jndg Anderson no longer
could prevent the laving of pipe from,
the Bull Run mains of the City of
Portland to the Clackamas County
town. The city has signed a contract
with Portland for a supply ef Bull
Ron water and ia preparing e install a
system- of mams, but the Mllwaulcie
A'-ater Company, a nrrva-te corporation,
has attempted to halt ,tb w,prk..this. in.
junction suit being the second. The
company based its claim on its fran
chise with the city which, it is alleged.
Rives the company the right to sell
water for several years to ceme.
RESIGNATION MAY BE HELD
Idaho University Henri tw Be Hept if
Fossible, and Request Denied.
MOSCOW, Idaho. April S. t-Speclnl.)
lieramo J. ftossi. secretary ef the
State Board of Kducation, today said
that the resignation of Or. Melvin A.
Brannon as president of the univer
sity, would not be accepted by the
lr. Brannrn left yesterday fb Boise.
He was incensed at the action of the
Legislative- Joint conference committee
on education when it recommended his
salary be ctrt from ?00 t 60r in
spile of his three-year contract at the
It is romorwl today that President
Brannon may go to the State College
of Washington at Ptillnianv -or Whitman
College, of Walla Walla.
BOLIVIA DEDICATES AT FAIR
BaHelhif; Represents History
. SottUicra Nation.
SAN FRANCISCO. April 5. Bolivia's
pavllien at the Panama Paciiie Expo
sition was dedicated today with cus
tomary ceremonies, which included ad
dresses by Manuel V. Ballivian. the
Bolivian commissioner-general, and
representatives of the Nation, state,
city and Exposition.:
The Bolivian bnilding represents
beth in architecture ami exhibits the
different periods- in the national his
tory from the time of the ancient
hieroglyphics inscribed on the building
to present-day industries.
WASHIXGTQI. April 5.- O behalf
of the owners of the American ship
William P. Frye sunk by the Prinz
Eitei Friedricht the United States Gov
ernment ia: a note made public today
has asked Germany- to- pay an inden
nlty of $228,039.54,. which represents
the cost, of the vessel, the freight
charges fosr it cargo- and damages re
suiting iranr beinsr deprived of the use
of the shin.
Inasmuch as the cargo became Brit
iab-o-wned while en route no claim for
damages was presented; by the previou
American shippers. Whether the
freight eharges asked by the owners of
the Frye will, be paid may have to be
determined after the Germaa prize
court decides whether the- consignment
ot wheat to- a private firm in England
made It free from, seizure. The fcrer
man contention to. connection with the
Wilhelmraa case has been that such
shipments are not liable to seizure, and
officials here do: not expect any differ-
en t attitude in ths case.
It is reported that the German Am
bassador already has recommended the
payment of an indemnity for the'foss
ot tha vessel.
Si&missian Would Be Unneu
tral Act. Says Washington
in No-Je to London.
REPARATION IS EXPECTED
Order-in-C'oncil's Ban twk Tsade
Between Germany and. Peaceful
Nations Is Declared Violation
of International' taws.
(Continued From First Page.'
COAL RATES HELD LOW
WESTBH-Y RAILROADS fRKSEST
llETHER ABGt MENTS.
Twenty-eight Pea Cent ef Total Freight
Yields Only 1.1 Per Cent ef Revenoe,
Cianrtte Bed la Tola.
CHICAGO, April 6. Western railroads
presented more testimony at the Inter
state Commerce Commission hearing to
day to support their proposed increase
in freight rates on soft coal shipped be
twten points west of and including. In
diana and Illinois. They contended that
while coal constituted a large part of
their tonnage, it failed at the present
rates to return an adequate revenue
Thje proposed increase varying from S
to M et a ton would, aot place any
appreciable burdea oa the public, while
it would increase their annual revenue
by more than tl0.0M.
Engese- McAikJifre, general coat agent
of the St. LiOuls & San Francisco road,
reseated Azures covering IS. Western
eeal-carriers. "These figures- show that
soft coal Is IS.57 per cent of the total
fvegh-t tonnage of these roads, while
the revenue therefrom Is, en-ry- 12.92 per
cent of the total freight revenoe," he
said. "Tht.' shows the smart profit in
The peonts, he said, were rednved by
an excessive cost to the railroads of
CHiNA FEELS REASSURED
FBllTS K JAPA.K!& NE.fTIA-
TIONS EXFGCTEO SOON.
NEW CAMP HAS TRAGEDY
PvhJm (.mtlXtewi r Attlto4 of Mi
kado's (iovernmfBt Reqafst toe
RewVt ot Tr l MMwcre4.
PE K IN. " April S. The Chinese gov
ernment reply in to Count Okuma, the
Premier of Japan, issued a statement
today reading as follows:
"Chinese official circles are grati
fied that Count Oku ma n Tokio has
given expression to his appreciation of
the frankness with which the Chinese
Kvrernmerrt is ueajot fating- and his
earnost desixe for a speedy conclusion
of the negotiations.
"Regarding the real purport of some'
of the demands to which Count Okuma
referred, the Chinese government hith
erto has hee-tt interpretingr them ac
cording to the usual meaniug: of the
"Now, ho.Trever, that Count Okuma has
placed an extra-textual interpretation
on these demands, the Chinese govern-
mflt feela a little reassured and is con
fident his statement will bear fruit tn
fact." . - .
The Japanese hare not as yet replied
to the request of China that Japanese
troops ' on Chinese territory be re
Barber Kill Mexkan Soldier '
Authoritfe Orxter Slayer Shot.
YUMA. ArU.. 'April 5. The old Ari
zona adacre that "two- killings are nee
rraarr rroierlr to dedicate a new
camp.' was citd by frontiersmen here
whon in the new town of Alpodones.
Lower California, six miles weft of
Yuma, a Mexican barber stabbed and
killed a Mexican soldier.
The authorities ordered the barber
shot at sunrise tomorrow.
MINE EXPLOSION KILLS 11
I)Uatcr Happews Haur After Ia
sprctor Sava Works Are Safe.
GRKF'NVIlj.E. lii.. April 6. Eleven
men lost their Uvea as the result of a
black-damp explosion in the Shoal
Creek mine here today. Approximately
4C others who had just entered the
mine escaped uninjured. Tea bodies
were recovered toniaht.
An hour before the explosion the
mine inspector had pronounced the
mine safe. ...
NAVAL RESERVE TO FORM
Enlistment of Those Honorably Pis
charred From Nstj Authorized...
Lieutenant R. R. Smith. Naval E--'"-t
DfUcer. with aeadtiartera in
MAURITS REPORTED SUNK
Inilcd States Naval Ship Keccives
.... News by Wireless.
CHARLESTON. S. C. April 6. A
wireless message saying the Koy:
-Hutch West Indies line steamer Prins
Maurita sank Saturday afternoon w as
picked up yesterday by the United
States Navy supply ship Arethusia. ac-cordina-
to a statement by Captain Ken
nedy, on the naval ship's arrival here
The message. Captain Kennedy said,
apparently was sent by the Frying
Fan Shoais lightship.
The Arethusa was searching for the
Prtns MauHts when the message was
received and it then gave up the quest
and continued to Charleston.
Captain Kennedy said his ship found
no trace of the I'rins Slaurits at the lo
cation given in wireless calls sent out
by the steamer Saturday.
300 EXCHANGES ADVISED
Gilt ot Two Buffalo to Spokane for
Otter Animals Considered.
If recommendations of Commissioner
Brewster are followed, the City Coun
cil will give the City of Spokane two
of the large buffalo now quartered at
Washington Park aoo. In exchange for
the present Spokane will give Port
land eome of the surplus animals In
the Spokane zoo. JuM what will be
taken has not been decided.
The Washington Park, zoo has nine
buffalo. SDOkane has none. - It is said
by Commissioner Brewster that Port
land easily can spare one male and
me female front the herd. The ani
mals will be rounded up and shipped
ae soon as the Council fives its sanc
st rue tad to present a copy of the Amer
ican note to Great Britain to the French
Foreign Office, with the statement that.
although the French Admiralty decree
had not been officially received in Wash
ington, it was- understood here to be
identical with the British Order-in-
Ceunetl and! th American Govennment,
: therefore, made similar reply.
The text of the note to Great Britain
Washington, March Sft, 19-15.
"You are Instructed to- deliver the
following ta His Majesty's government
in reply to- year- No 1796 and 1T9S
of March 15: The Uovernmcnt of the
United! States ha given careful con
sideration of the snbject treated in
the British: notee of March: It and 15.
and to the British Order in Council of
the La t ten date.
Subject ef Grave Import.
"These communications contain mat
ters of grave importance to neutral
nations. They apnear to menace- their
rights of trade and intercourse not
only with belligerents, but also with
one another. They call foe frani& com
ment in order that misunderstandings
may be avoided. The Government of
the United States deems Its duty,
therefore-, speaking tn the slncerest
spirit of friendship, to make Ua oiwi
view an position with regard to the
situation unmistakably. clear.
The order in council of the loth
of March would- constitute, were its
provisioaa. to be actually carried Into
effect as they stand, a practical ' as
sertion ef unlimited belligerent rights
over neutral commerce withtn the
whole rTttropeact area, and an. almost
unqualrncd denial ef the sovereign
rights ef the. nations now at peace.
Qaeatloa On af Seveeeiaoity.
This evernment takes it for granted
that there can be n question what
those rights are. A nation's sovereignty
over it3 own ships and citizens under
it., own flag on the high seas In time
of peace is, of course., unlimited : ana
that sovereignty suffers no diminution
time of war. er.cept insofar as tne
practice and consent ef civilized na
tions has limited it by the recognition
of certain new cleaj-ly determined
rights, which it ia conceded may be
exercised by nations which are ax war.
belUa-erent aatton has been- con
ceded the right of visit and search and
the right of capture ana cenderaaattont
f, upon examination, a neutral ves
sel is found to be engaged, in. un
neutral service or to be carrying con
traband of war intended for the
enemy a gove-snmeat or armed torces.
It has been conceded the right to -establish
and maintain a - blockade, of
an enemy s ports ana coasts ancE to
capture and condemn any vessel taken
n trytnsr to. break the B4ockal. It ia
even, conceded; the right to detain anJ
take to its own ports for judicial ex
amination, all vessels which it sus
pects for substantial reasons to- be en
gaged in unneutral or contraband serv
ice and detain tnem if the suspicion
be sustained.. But such rights, long
clearly denned both la doctrlno and
practk-e. have hitherto- been heW
the onSy permissible exceptions t the
principle of universal equality of
sovereignty tn war.
Treaties and Opinions Cited.
It Is confidently assumed that His
Majesty's government will not deny
that It Is a rule to sanction, by gen
eral practice, that even though a
blockade should exist and the doctrine
f contraband as to unblockaded terr
itory be rigidly enforced, innocent
shipments may be freely- transported
to and from the United States through
eutral countries to belligerent terri
tory without being subject to. tha
penalties of contraband traffic or
breach of blockade, much less to de
tention, requisition or confiscation.
Moreover, the rulea of the declara
tion. of Paris of 1866 among them
that free ships makes free goods-
will hardly at this day be dispute i by
the signatories of that solemn agreement."
"Hie Majesty's government, like the
Government of the United States, has
often and explicitly hetd that these
rights represent the best usage of war-
faro in the dealings of belligerents with
eutrals at sea. In this connection I
desire to direct attention to the opinion
of the Chief Justice of the United States
in the case of the Pcterhof. which arose
out of the Civil War, and to the fact
that that opinion was unanimously sus
tained in the award ef the arbitration
commission of 1871. to which the case
was presented at the request of Great
Britain. . . .
Right Is No Adatltted.
"From that lime to the Declaration
of Ixindon of 1909, adopted with modi
fications by the Order-in-Council of the
23d of October last, these righta have
not been seriously questioned by the
British government. And no claim on
the part of Great Britain ot any justifi
cation for interfering with these clear
rights of the United. States and its citi
zens as neutrals could he admitted.
"To admit it would be t assume an
attitude of unneutrality toward the
present enemies of Great Britain, which
would be obviously inconsistent with
the solemn obligations of this Govern
ment in- the present circumstances; and
for Great Britain to make such a claim
would be for her to abandon and set at
naught the principles for which she has
consistently and earnestly contended in
other times and circumtsancea.
"The note of His Majesty's principal
secretary of state for foreign affairs.
which accompanies the order-in-ceancil
and which bears the same date, notifies
the Government of the United States
of the establishment of a blockade
which is defined by the terms of the
order-in-council to include all the
coasts and porta ef Germany and every
port of possible accesa t- enemy ter
ritory. But the novel an! quite un
precedented feature of that blockade, if
we are to assume It to be properly so de
fined, is that It embraces many neutral
ports and coasts, bars Access to cera
and subjects all neutral f-hips seeking
to approach them to the same suspi
cion that would attach to them were
they bound for the ports of the enemies
of Great Britain and tj unusual risks
Iavaatoa ef Rights Cbarired.
"It is manifest that such limitations,
risks and liabilities placed upon the
ships of a neutral power en the high
seas, beyond the right of visit and
search, and the right to prevent the
shipment of contraband - already re
ferred to, are a, distills t, invasion, ef the
wmwm- ris-hte ef the nstton. whose
ships, trade or commerce is interfered
The, Government of the United
States is of course not ee-llvtous to the
great changes which have eccuxred in
conditions and means of naval warfare
since the rales hitherto governing legal
blockadaa were formulated. It might
be ready te admit that the old form of
'close blockade.- with its cordon of
ships in the immediate offing of the
blockaded ports is bo . longer- practicable-
fa face of an eaemy possessing
the means and opportunity to make an
effective defense by the use of sub
marines, mines and air craft; but it can
hardly be maintained that whatever
form of effective blockade may be
made use of, it is impossible to con
form at least to the spirit and prin
ciples of the established rules of war.
Adatrimlon. ef Legal Carcoea Asked.
"If the necessities of the case should
seem to render It imperative that the
cordon of blockading vessels be ex
tended! aerees the approaches to any
neighboring neutral port or country,
it would seem clear that it would be
easily practicable to comply with tha
well recognised and reasonable prohi
bition of internationar law against the
blockading -ot neutral ports by accord
ing free admission and exit to alt law
ful trafftc with neutral porta through,
the blockading cordon. This traffic
would, of course, include all Eastward
bound traffic to tha neutral country
except contraband in transit to the
"Such procedure need, not eonfllct ia
any respect with the rights of the
belligerent maiatalnins the blockade,
since the right would remain with the
blockading vessels to visit and search
all ships either entering or ieavfng the
neutral territory whieh they were la
fact, bat not of riht. investing.
"The Government ef the United
States notes that in- the order-in-council
His Mapjesty's government give aa
the reason for taking up the course of
action whleb they are aware Is without
precedent in modern warfare, the ne
cessity they conceive themselves to
have been placed under to retaliate
upon their enemies for measures of a
similar nature which the latter have
announced is their Intention to adopt
and which they have to- some extent
adopted; but the Government of the
United States recalling the principles
upon which His Majesty's government
hitherto have been scrupulous to act.
interprets this as merely a reason for
certain extraordinary activities on the
part of His Majesty s naval forces and
not as an excuse for or prelude to any
unlawful actio n.
Illegal Act Not Thought Wish,
If the course pursued by the present
enemies- ef Great Britain should prove
to be in fact tainted by illegality and
disregard of the principles of war
sanctioned by enlightened nations, it
rainot be supposed, and1 this Govern
ment does not for a moment suppose,
that His Majesty's government would
wish the same taint to attach to their
own actions or would cite such illegal
acts as la any sense or degree make
a Justification for similar practices on
their part insofar as they affect neu
"It is thus that the Government of
the" United States interrpets the lan
guage of the note of His Majesty's prin
cipal Secretary of State for Foreign
Affairs- which accompanies the copy of
the order-in-counctl which wts banded
t the Ambassador of the United States
by the government in London and by
him transmitted to Washington.
"This Government notes with grati
fi cation that "wide discretion is afford
edi to the prize court in dealing: with
the trade of neutrals tn such manner
as may in the circumstances be deemed
just, and that full provision is made te
facilitate claims by persons interested
in anv goods placed lir the custody of
the marshal of the prize court under
the order.' that 'the effect of the order-tn-eouncil
Is to confer certafn powers
upon the executive officers of His Maj
esty's government; and that The ex
tent to which these powers will be ac
tually- exercisee- ana the degree of se
verity with which the measures of
blockade authorized wilt be put into
operation, are matters which depend on
the administrative orders issued hy the
government, and the decisions of the
authorities especially charged with the
duty of dealing wtih Individual ships
andi cargoes according- lo the merits of
nupatrb Wins Gratitude. .
This Government farther notes with
equal satisfaction, the declaration of
the British government that the In
structions te be Issued by Hie Majesty's
government to the fleet and to the cus
toms officials and executive commit
tees concerned will impress upon them
the duty of acting with the utmost dis
patch consistent with the object in
view, and of showing in every case
such consideration for neutrals as may
be compatible with that object, which
is. isuccinctly stated, to establish a
blockade to prevent vessels from car
rying goods fox or coming from- Ger
''In view of these assurances formal
given to this Government it is
cenfident that the extensive pewers
conferred by the order-in-council
en the executive officers of the
crown will he restricted by 'orders
issued by the government directing
the exercise of their discretionary pow
ers in such a-manner as to modify in
practical application those provisions
of the order-in-council which, if strict
ly enforced, would violate neutral
rights and interrupt legitimate trade.
Relying on the performance of these
voluntary assurances by His Majesty's
government, the United States takes it
for granted that the approach of Amer
ican merchantmen te neutral ports sit
uated upon the long line of coast af
fected by the order-in-council will not
be Interfered with when it Is known
that they do not carry goods which are
contraband of war or goods destined
to or proceeding from ports within the
belligerent territory affected.
Law Observance Kxpecte4
"The Government of the United
States assumes with the greatest con
fidence that His Majesty's government
thus will adjust their practice to the
recognised rules of international law,
because it is manifest that the British
government have adopted an extra
ordinary method of 'stopping, cargoes
destined for ' or coming from the
enemy's territory' which owing to the
existence - of unusual conditions in
modern warfare at sea. it will be dif
ficult to restrict to the limits which
have been heretofore required hy the
law f nations. Though the area of
operations is confined . to 'European
waters including the Medterranean; so
great an area of the high seas Is
covered and the cordon of ships is so
distant from the territory affected that
neutral vessels must necessarily pass
through the blockading force in order
to reach Important neutral ports which
Great Britain as a belligerent has not
the legal right to blockade and which,
therefore, it is presumed .she 'has no
intention ef claiming to blockade. The
Scandinavian and anish ports, for
example, are open to American trade
They are also free. so. far as the actual
enforcement ef the order-in-council is
concerned, to carry on trade with Ger
man Baltic ports, although it is an es
sential element of blockade that it bear
with equal severity upon all neutrals.
Meekade- la Exceeded.
"This government, therefore, infers
that the commanders of His Majesty's
ships of war, engaged in maintaining
the so-called blockade will be In
structed to avoid an enforcement of
the proposed measures of non-intercourse
in such a way as to impose re
strictions upon neutral trade more
burdensome than those which have been
regarded as inevitable when the ports
of a belligerent are actually block
aded hy the ships of its enemy.
"The possibilities of serious interrup
tlon of American trade under the order-
in-councll are so many, and the methods
proposed are so unusual and seem liable
to constitute so great an impediment
and embarrassment to neutral com
merce that the Government of the Unit
ed states, if the ordtr-ln-couneil is
Double Stamps All Day Today
Eight Bars Ivory Soap...Z3
Eight Bars Lurline Soap..-i5c
(No Phone Orders.
J5c Sanitol Tooth Paste.. . 14 t
? Cakes PaltMOllve Snap !IOe
SPECIAL BOTH 39c
One pound Antiseptic
Tooth Powder 25
Forhan's Pyorrhea Tooth
Pyrodento Tooth ' Paste.. -25C
"Aphicide." for lice, qt. . .50
Rose and Fruit Spray,
quart . .50
Spray Pumps, 35 and...50c
PLANT FLOWER SEEDS NOW
Morse Flower Seeds 5f
six for .25
Spencer Sweet Pea
Seeds 10. three for... 25
at 25. 75 and 2.50
Morse Vegetable Seeds 5.
six for 25
Peas, Beans. Corn 10.
three for 25
Onion Seta, 2 pounds for..25
WATER -PROOF VARNISHES
"Mar-Not," for floors. qt...90
"Scar-Not," for woodwork
and furniture, pint 50
"Rexpar." for outside doors
and window sills, one
half pint. 40
Durable Linoleum Finish,
PAINTS AND VARNISHES
:herwin - Williams' 11 o u se
Paint cover mom. look bent
and last longest. Honest
paint, full measure and
RIGHT PRICE1, Ask our
Paint Man he will tell you
all about It.
DRUGS AND PATENTS
10o Kpsom Salt Te
16c Flake NapthaJIne 1
2u Kobe Water. 14
25c G 1 y c r i ne and Bay
23c Castor Oil 10)
fluid 1 Sc. U.lr, IMIe 5
Jl Glycothyinoliiie 7
1 Wyeth's Sevetol 85
t) Zemo t5
Jl C o lw e U 6 y r up of
fl Chamberlain's Cough
1 Cooper's New Discov
ture, Pound 25.
10 lbs. 5 .
The wonderful Straw
Hat Color every shade
ready for use no
War..V. TRAVELING BAGS VV
V ' Strong, Well Madj, Black
a or Tan.
i- VERT SPK.C IAI. 95.95
WOODARD, CLARKE & CO., Alder at West Park
strictly enforced, apprehends many
terferences with its legitimate
which imposes upon His Majesty'
em men t heavy responsibilities for acts
of the British authorities clearly sub
versive of the rights of neutral nations
on the high seas. It is therefore ex
pected that His Majesty's government,
having considered these possibilities,
will take the steps necessary to avoid
them, and in the event that they should
unhappily occur, will, be prepared to
make full reparation for every act
which,, under the rules .of international
law. constitutes a violation of neutral
RiSfkt iBaiatea Oa
"As stated ia its communication of
October 22, 1914. "this Government will
insist that the rights and duties of the
United States and its citisens. in the
present war be denned by the existing
rulee of international law and the
treaties of the United States, Irrespect
ive of the provisions of the declaration
of London and that this Government re
serves to itself the right to enter a pro
test or demand in each case in which
those rights and duties are so denied.
are violated or thetr free exercise inter
fered with by the authorities of the
'In conclusion, you will reiterate to
His Majesty's government that t'Jls
statement of the views of the Govern
ment of the United States is made in the
most friendly spirit, and in accordance
with the uniform candor which has
characterised the relations of the two
governments in the past, and which has
been in large measure the foundation
of the peace and amity existing be
tween the two nations without inter
ruption for a century. BRYAN."
WOMAN BADLY BURNED AD FORK-
MAN IXJIBEl) BV PARAFFINE.
CHICAGO MILL MEN STRIKE
Owners Follow Action by Lockout
and AH Beclare They Will Close.
CHICAGO, April B. A strike order
calling out 3000 mill workers to whom
was denied an increase in wages was
issued here today and was fol
lowed a few hours later by a lockout
which forced nearly as many more
workers from the shops.
Two hundred and seventy-five mill-
owners were said to have agreed to tha
shutdown rather than grant the de
mands of the workers. J
Accident Traced te .Defective Casting.
Glrla la Factory Keund Ignorant
ef Fire Escape Locatioms.
The explosion of a tank ot liquid
paraffine In the F. C, Stettler paper
box factory at Tenth and Glisan streets
shortly after noon yesterday caused the
severe and possibly fatal hurnlng of
Miss Virgle Cozad, aged 25, an employe
ot the factory, living at 3M Twenty
fourth street, north, and slight burns
to the foreman, F. K. Hunter. The girl
was removed to St. Vincent'a hospital.
The explosion is believed, to have
been caused by a defective costing.
Following the explosion, K. P. Cof
fin. chairman of the Pub Ite 8afety
Commission; J. Stevens, battalion chief ;
Howard-P. Boardman. of the Fire In
derwriters Inspection Bureau, and B.
V. Dowcll, fire chief of the Portland
Fire Bureau, inspected the premises,
Mr. Coffin said that evidently owing
to a defective casting the steam. Jacket
of the new dipping machine had ex
ploded, scattering melted paraff ine
over the floor for a radius of 15 feet.
He said that a large joist also had
been split by the explosion and a num
ber of holes made in the floor.
Mr. Coffin declares that by question
ing he discovered that the girls fork
ing in the plant were not familiar with
the location of the fire escapes and
that no fire drills had been held.
"If the explosioii had resulted In a
fire. " he said, "It would have been
necessary for the employes to get out
of the buuding quickly. As a conse
quence, knowledge of the location of
the fire escapes would have been
the utmost importance."
St. Rose Ciulj Meets Tonight.
The first of the monthly "get together"
meetings and smokers of the St. Roee
Men's Club, metmbers of St. Rose parish
in Rose City Paj-k, will be held tonight.
Judge Arthur C. Dayton, president.
says that while It is tne nrst parisn
the kind formed here, others
doubt be established. The b
e to promote social affaire as.
well as shouldering responsibilities In
the upbuilding of the perish and Im--provement
of church property. Rev.
Father Maher has lent his sanction to
the move, which he regards as an ex--;
cellent one. Male members of the parish
18 years of age and older are ellgsble
0. A. C. MINEEXHIBIT MADE
Relief Map of Oregon In Feature ot
First Annual Show.
OREGON AGRICULTURAL C01O.KOE,
Corvallis, April 5 (Special.) The ,
first annual show staged by the school
of mines of the Oregon Agricultural
College tonight was a decided success.
A model mine shaft equipped with tho
latest improved type of drilling ma
chinery and a relief map of Oregon
prepared by tha Oregon Bureau of ,
Mines were features of the exhibits.
This map will soon be sent to San
Francisco to become a part of tha ex-.
titbits in the Oregon building at the
In the ceramics laboratory types ef
machines used In the manufacture ef
drain tile and other clay products were
demonstrated and the methods of as-.
saying precious metals were made
plain to the visitors In the assaying
laboratory by the studonts in charge.
The school of mines plsns to make this
an annual event.
SERBS KILLED IN REVOLT
Villagers Said to Hxe Been Ettas--
: pe rated Ty Guards' Cruelty.
SOFIA, Bulgaria. April 3. (Via Lon-"'
don, April S.) Tha Commander t
Strumitsa telegraphs that the vil
lagers of VIHandovo, exasperated ny
the cruel conduct oi tne nrmu
thorltlee, rose in revolt and killed tne
Reinforcements ware sent in ana tne
villagers were forced to flee to tne
frontier. Measures have been tskrn '
to dissrm rebels who reached Bulger-"
The average cup of coffee contains
about 2Va grains of caffeine, a poison
ous drug that handicaps the efficiency
and chances for promotion of many
bright men and women.
Read This Letter:
"Down at the Junction," writes a railroad man, "Where I am employed as Telegraph Ope
rator and Towerman for a busy railroad, where every second counts and where I hold the.
lives of the entire train crew and passengers in my hand, I found coffee was making me
dull and exceedingly nervous.
"My wife told me about Postum. I tried it and liked it. I never drink anything else
now.' I have a tin of Instant Postum in my pail. I feel fine, my brain is quick and active
and there's no delay at the Junction while I'm on duty. I really think coffee would have
put me out of a job if I hadn't quit it for PoStum."
If coffee is crimping your prospects, try a change to
Made only of selected wheat and a small per cent of wholesome molasses,
Postum contains nothing harmful or injurious, but is, on the contrary, health
ful and invigorating.
. Postum comes in two forms: Postum Cereal the original form must be
well boiled, 15c and 25c packages; Instant Postum the soluble form made,
instantly in the cup with hot water, 30c and 50c tins. Both kinds are equally
delicious, and cost per cup about the same.
"There's a Reason" for POSTUM
sold by Grocers everywhere