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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 3, 1915)
THE MORNING OREGONTAIT, SATURDAY," MARCH 3, 1915.
HOME OF GREAT
MORGAN COLLECTION AND ONE OF ITS
RAILWAY COST AND
sj.issa.pMiia,,VMW,yfaiiMll , sJLJ, muM I sLH-m '
Minnesota Engineer Declares
Rates Should Not Be Based
on Stocks and Bonds.
STATE APPRAISALS CITED
Wet hods' of Making Charges for De
preciation Said to Vary, With
Consequent Difference In
J CHTCAGO. April 2. Delbert F. Jur-
f genscn. chief engineer of the Minn4-
! tola. Railroad and Warehouse Commts-
. sion. save at the Interstate Commerce
Commission hearing of the Western
Z freight rate case today his opinion con-
1 cerntng a basis for the reasonableness
of rates. He appeared in opposition to
Z the 41 western railroads plea for In
Z creased rates.
1- air. Jurgenscn quoted the appraisals
? of the roads involved in Minnesota,
- Wisconsin. Nebraska, South Dakota
and part of Michigan, and (aid the cap
italizatlon exceeded the present and
book values of the properties. He con
i tended that, therefore, the reasonable
- nets of rates should not be computed
on a basis of the outstanding stocks
; and bonds.
i Capital and Coat Contracted.
t "The outstanding capital stock and
3 debt of the roads involved in these
t states averages $56,198 a mile of main
roadway and $39,932 a mile of all
T tracks." said Mr. Jurgensen. "Con
.V trasted to this the book cost, as shown
J by the reports of the railroads, is $51.
; 398 a mile of main roadway or 36.676
r a mile for all trackaae. The book cost
J Is J139.093.000 less than the outstand-
lng capital stock and funded debt. The
; actual depreciated book cost is $4BR.-
133.000 less than the outstanding stocks
r and funded debt."
J, Concerning the various methods
i adopted by the railroads In charging
depreciation. Mr. Jurgensen said that
; Chicago. Burlington A Qulncy charged
? .for depreciation to locomotives 7.27 to
7.K8 per cent, whereas it should charge
J only J. 1 per cent, and the Chicago,
1 Rock If land & Pacific charged . to
.25. whereas It should charge 3.02 per
t Kara In a Manipulated.
"What is the effect of making
wrong; calculation as to depreciation?'
asked H. A. Edgerton. Assistant-Attor
ney-tienera! of Minnesota.
'The Burlington." answered the wit
ness. "would charge a greater sum to
operating expenses and thereby reduce
Its net eannpa. Put tne hock isiana
would charge less to operating ex
penses and thereby increase its net
Mr. Jurgensen said the railroads
rharged too much to general expend!
ture, averaging 9 to 15 per cent,
whereas the general averages In the
states he cited was 2.75 per rent.
C. C. Wright, counsel for the rail
roads, asked the witness questions in
tended to show that single-track roads
largely had been considered and In
etaies where double tracks were used
no calculations had been made.
In the South Pakota figures, the wlt-
Z ness said, no allowance had been made
r In the valuation of the Chicago A
? Northwestern for a new station in
. Chicago, although the station alone,
t applied to tho entire railway, would
2 add about $2000 a mile to the cost of
1 - - f' V - ' t
Top Morgan Library, Photographed a a Late Financier's Casket Was Being
Carried to Hearse. Below Jeweled Cover of Ancient Priceless Mann
ART TO GO
World's Greatest Collection Is
to Be Sold.
SI (iR-KIKLD LABORI'.R-S DEMAND
SO PER CEXT WACE RAISE.
More Thai no ,000 Affeeied, but Gov
ernment Is Settling Natter Antl
Amerlcfla Sreatinaeat Reported.
NEW YORK. April t. From 30.000
to 40,000 native workers in Uie sugar
fields of Porto Rico have been on striko
for an increase In- pay from 50 to 75
cents a day, according to J. C. Bills,
chief of the Bureau of Labor of the
Porto Jllcau government, who arrived
here on tho steamship Philadelphia. The
demands were in process of adjustment
for the most part anl tho majority of
the strikers were back at work when
he left the Island.
ruring the strike, Mr. Bills said,
large fields of sugar cane were burned.
The strike, which was general, was
being-sMtied- he said, through the ef-forts-ef
government officials. No mate
rial decrease In the output was noticed,
since losses due to the strike were off
set by increased production.
An open spirit of anti-Americanism
exists throughout the island, accord
ing to Rev. Frederick A. Warden, for
eia-ht years in charge of the Protestant
Kplscopal Church at Pan Juan, who also
was a passenger on the Philadelphia.
NAVY AIR CLASS TO START
JHany Officers and Knlisted
Apply for Entrance.
: WASHINGTON, April 4. Secretary
- Daniels is about to select a new class
of 10 naval and marine corps officers
and 20 enlisted men to be organized in
Z.June for Instructions in naval aero
nautics at the Naval Station at Pensa
cola. Fla. The officers will spend the
first six weeks at the plant of some
aeroplane manufacturers, after which
instruction in flying will begin at the
When the officers and men begin
work requiring actual flying, they will
receive 3a and 40 per cent, respectively,
increase of pay. There are already four
aeroplanes at Pensacola two have been
ordered and three more will be bought
soon. Eight student aviators of the
class of officers formed last year are
i now at the station and one of them.
Un'?n C K. Bronson. already has
qua.tfied for bis air pilot certiflcate.-
Jlr Daniels already has before him a
lararo number of applications from both
officers find enlisted men desirous of
being Included in the new class.
VALUE ABOUT $45,000,000
Son of Iate Financier Will Hetaln
Only That Part In JMbrarjr,
Memorial Inheritance Tax Is
to Be Exacted by State.
NEW YORK. April 2. The great art
collection of J. P. Morgan, the value
of which had been estimated at up
ward of J45. 000.000. except that portion
of it now in the Morgan library, will
bo sold. It was reported today. The
Morgan library, in East Thirty-Sixth
street, erected by the late financier to
shelter his - collection of literature
treasures, it Is said, will be retained
by his son as a memorial to his father.
Under these conditions, an inheritance
tax will be collected by the state on
both the art collection and the library.
Many paintings by old masters, an
cient rugs and tapestries are now in
th. Morcjui library ana, it is unoor
stood will not be sold. These are In
addition to -the 30.000 volumes of rare
nnd beautiful books or manuscripts,
some of them illuminated or lllustrat
ri hv celebrated artists.
Among the library treasures are me
i.hhurnham GosDels. Caxton s. not
maii-hcd m the British Museum, oritr
nal drawings for the Book or JOB,
Pickwick Papers." and manuscripts,
diaries and letters of many famous
The Moritan collection or sacrea
documents cannot be equaled anywhere
In the world, according to Professor
Vladimir, who was Mr. Morgan's chief
adviser in the assembling of the works,
and who Is acquainted witn all tne nn
nortant manuscripts of the world.
Practically -every period In the his-
torv of the Christian churcn is mus
trated by one or more of the finest
Massive jeweled manuscript covers,
some more than 1000 years old, are
ncluded. Many of them were once tne
dearest pride and deilgnt or Jungs,
Emperors and Popes. '
CHINESE THREATEN YUAN
TIELDIXG TO JAPAS ANGERS P.V
TRIOTS IN AMERICA.
: BOYCOTT BANKRUPTS FIRM
London Failure- Is Dae to Ban on
' Trade With Germany.
NEW YORK. April 2. King George's
order - in - council forbidding trading
wrth the Germans and Austrians caused
" the failure of Bawo c Dotter. Limited.
I an Kngrllsh corporation dealing in and
a manufacturing chinaware in Germany
This was shown today, when the
stock and other assets of the corpora -
tlon In this city were sold to Georsre
Borgfeli ft Co.. Importers, for $100,000
at a rrivate sale, held under the super
vision of Judge Julius Mayer, of the
federal District o.urU . .
Movement Begun o Halse "War f und"
of Millions to Compel Compli
ance or Effect Destruction.
kjvv ttravcisCO. April 2. (Special.)
Angered by the attitude of subserv-
nee to Japan that, tney assert, "
An riiKOlRVea D rrBBlooia uua
China, Chinese in the United States are
nnrinr to seek his political destruc
tion unless ne assents io me con
hniieve ha should adopt In further
ance of forcing this compliance or ac
complishing his political destruction.
ib.M Chinese have set on foot a move
ment to raise In this country J16.000.000
to serve as a war fund.
On a maetina- has been neia oy ion
revolutionary party in this city and an
other one will be held Sunday night.
The plan is to collect from each Chinese
in the United States 20. It is esti
mated that there are 800,000 Chinese in
this country. The San Francisco Chinese
colony, comprising mostly members of
the so-called revolutionary party, i
greatly Incensed at the Indications of
Yuan's willingness to comply with the
demands of Japan.
It is asserted that tha "war club,
consisting of this great sum, will be
brandished before the President as an
intimation of what will happen to mm
if ha yields
TRIANGLE 0FDEATH SEEN
(Continued From First Page.)
and the Bollmow road bad become a
The marching columns had taken to
the fields on the left and had stamped
the ground almost as hard and flat as
the main roadbed was.
Provision and hay wagons still held
the center, but the empty ammunition
wagons going back to Lowlcz to be re
loaded bad taken to the fields on the
right and mads a new route for them
So there were three columns sweep
ing along simultaneously and I don't
suppose that throughout the 10 miles
there was ever much more than a quar
ter of a mile break in the lines.
That made motoring difficult unless
nn. wnt a t the slow nnrp the vaion
Jjairia made The- eoldler-chiufieur As
signed to the correspondents did not at
all care for that pace, and so he would
put the shrleker of the automobile Into
commission and scare the drivers of
three provision wagons into edging one
side to make room for him. With that
advantage gained, he would maneuver
a quarter of a mile or so at a terrific
In the first part f January the Boll
mow road was In shocking condition,
as a result of alternate frosts and rains.
One day it gave four horses all they
wanted to do to pull our car not
laree one out of the ruta when
skidded into a bad place just on th
outskirts of Lowtcz. Two men had to
mount the first span of horses and ply
the lash before the beasts could do the
In a few days the Russian prlsone
were set -to repairing the road, and two
days later it was in capital shape. Th
prisoners had done their work well
They are good diggers and patchers.
Each of the huge provision wagons
carries at Its side bundles of switches
for road mending. These are laid 1
ths holes and covered with earth. Their
purpose is to keep the earth from befn
around out of the hole Immediately th
wagons pass over the patched piece Of
road. They also serve to keep th
wheels from cutting into soft ground
Most of the horses that do the ter
rifle haullnir whlfh this advance in
volves are in good shape. In the first
five miles on my first trip out
Lowicx I saw only five lying dead by
the roadside. But two days later there
were three times as many. There had
been a thaw and the poor beasts had
paid the penalty.
The cheerfulest sight In the triangle
of death Is the comfortable looking field
post wagons lumbering slong the Boll
mow road, for they mean letters from
home and a chance to send letters
A third of the way to Bollmow stand
a deserted home not less forlorn now
for being a palace, as well as a home.
The master -of it can get no new
from the superb estate from which h
has been taken. Ue is the Prince
Radziwill, an old, old man, who Is
honorary colonel of a German regiment
and whom the Russians have sen
away to Moscow as prisoner of war.
W H A .T
would you do if you Were
-confronted with three hus
bands, two of whom you
thought were dead?
The answer is told by the
Until Thursday 1ST
BOX OFFICE OPEN FOR THIS ATTRACTION 10:30 A. M.
Beginning Tomorrow 10:30 A, M.
RICH MAN HAPPY IN CELL
Bt;iXY TIME ENJOYED, SAYS Rt&
fifteen Months' Imprisonment Most
AVorth-Whlle-I.Ike Period of His
Life, Declares F. A Hyde.
ATLANTA. Ga April 2 Frederick A.
Hyde, millionaire clubman and business
leader of Oakland, Cal., who hag been
released from the Federal Penitentiary
here after serving 16 months in con
nection with land frauds, will leave
for his home tomorrow. Officials an
nounced today Hyde had left the prison
President Wilson recently remitted
fines and costs assessed against Hyde,
the total of which never had been de
finitely determined and which had re
suited In his remaining in prison four
months after his sentence had expired.
Hyde originally was sentenced to two
years' Imprisonment, but that was com
muted to a year and a day before he
began bis term.
In announcing his intention to leave
tomorrow for California. Hyde said:
1 had a bully time in prison. It was
the most worth-while 1 months of my
In 1904 President Roosevelt ordered
an Investigation of alleged land frauds,
which resulted in the indictment of
Hyde, and several others on charges
of conspiring to defraud tint Govern
ment out of thousands of acres on the
Pacific Coast. Hyde was tried and
convicted in 1908. The case was taken
before the United States Court three
times. After a noteworthy legal fight
Hyde began serving his sentence in
During his term Hyde gave money
liberally to assist in providing sports
and recreation for the prisoners.
Secretary 'Wilson, is 53.
WASHINGTON. April 2. Secretary
Wilson, of the Department of Labor, to
day celebrated his 63d birthday by
giving a luncheon to the other mem-
hen of the Cabinet. The President
sent Secretary Wilson a congratulatory
. m - s- tanuwi' -. s -m.
Peoples Theater $XuZ
mmmsaaiBaami Leading Photo-Play House' smsmmmmi
. Last Chance Today
1 fr 11.30 A. M. to
A Paramount Picture
Starring Alice Dovey
:30 P. M.
Postoffice Department Finds
Farm-to-Table Plan Popular.
con turner to producer. On tho contrary, our
worx n&s Deen commenaM en tne it round
that It Becks to relieve the consumers from
the blfh prices exacted heretofore."
PORTLAND RESULTS CITED
Postmaster Myers Quoted aa Saying
System Grows In Favor and
Shipments by Farmers
Average 50 Dally.
OKEGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, April 2. At 38 large postof-
fices throughout the country, Includ
ing Portland and Seattle, especial ef
forts have been made by the Postof
fice Department to develop what has
popularly been styled the farm to
table service by parcel post, the ob
ject being to induce farmers to ship
their produce direct to city customers,
and to induce city dwellers seeking to
reduce the cost of living td utilize the
parcel post in getting farm products
at lower than prevailing market prices.
The Postoffice Department Is hope
ful that this service ultimately will
prove generally popular, and some re
ports received at Washington indi
cate that the first prejudice against
the service is dying down, especially
the objection raised by dealers In
farm products, whose profits are cut
out by this system. Last October the
department inaugurated the farm to
table movement in Portland and Post
master Myers was Instructed to aid in
finding customers for the farmers re
siding around Portland, and to aid
farmers in procuring the names and
addresses of Portlanders who would
like to eliminate the middleman and
get their eggs, butter and vegetables
direct from the farm.
The Postoffice Department, report
ing on the result at Portland, says:
"Shipments of farm produce passing
through the Postoffice at Portland, Or.,"
says Postmaster F. S. Myrs in a report to
the Postoffice repariment, cow average
about 50 a day."
Mr. Myers reports effective co-operation
between the postal service, the Oregon Agri
cultural College and the editors of agri
As a role." Mr. Myers says, "the ship
ments arrive in good condition and indicate
care In preparation and handling. ThlB
office has taken special pains to make
prompt delivery of all perishable packages.
tVe have received no criticism of Its cam
palgn for extension of parrel post from
SALOON MAN IS MURDERED
Assailant Hides In Barroom During
Good Friday Observance.
SAN FRANCISCO. April 2. Charles
Uebell, a. saloonkeeper, was shot twice
In the body and badly beaten on the
head by a man who secreted himself
in Uebell's saloon during the three
hour closing period today. Good Friday,
from noon until 3 o'clock. Uebell died
on the way to a hospital.
A man who gave the name of John
Williams was found in the saloon and
surrendered to the police. He was
charged with the murder.
HISTORIC WARSHIP TO BURN
Frigate Omaha, of Civil War Fame,
Is Doomed by Government.
SAN FRANCISCO. April 2. The
Omaha, one of the historic frigates of
the United States Navy, will be burned
for the brass and copper in her bull,
according to an announcement mad
The Omaha, which was sold recently,
was built in the early '50'a, and was a
predominant figure in the Civil War.
In 1875, after being rebuilt, the vessel
was sent around the Horn to the Pa
cific. She has been used as a hospital
and quarantine ship In this harbor.
ARMY MAY HAVE ITS NIP
Secretary Garrison Says Prohibition
Is Not Considered Vet.
WASHINGTON, April 2. When Sec
retary Garrison's views were sought to
day on the subject of prohibition in the
Army, he said he was so busy planning
a reorganization of the country's mili
tary defenders that he had not even
considered what he would "prohibit
when he brought the Army up to what
he thought its proper size.
To introduce a dry order Into the
Army regulations at present, Mr. Garrl
son said, "would be like taking a bottle
from a baby."
The Record-Breaking Sensation
of the Century, with
and a Cast of 5000 People
It's the Talk of the VhoIe Country
Remember Our Price of Admission
Remains the Same ,
Today Last Opportunity to See
"A Fool There Was"
nounced that he will be a candidate
for Mayor at the municipal election in
The announcement was made late
lant night at a meeting of the Build-
Ing Trades Council after Mrt'ai tliy had,
beer, petitioned to enter the ra'e by
resolutions pledging the support of tho
300 delegates present. The resolution!
were unanimously adopted.
fcss&iJN iuJ i.'--J! tvrfj
HZ&S&jlj Fr-araiiMvi (faAatoi fccamJJij t m -I iHj tlnaisii sJj liJ
I I .lm JijJilliiaMM
&4Wi.fo?i,.,s A a. mA i.J.L ....... ..1
1 vZjf Veh the miniatnre chocolate factory, l '
Yf3 Gfairardeni EnlMingr. See the caxe taken V'
if' the pare ingredients used the ponderous :
machinery necessary to produce the famous
I Ghirardeiti brand of cocoa products.
, Ecgoy a cop of GhirardeETs Ground Chocolate
si made as it should be made served day and ,
l evening. -'' :
With Every $4. Purchase or Over Men's
Women's and Children's Shoes
Full value, latest styles,
endless variety of sizes
and widths. No matter
what you ideas are about
style in footwear, here
they are realized. Prices
low enough to be consist
ent with good shoemak
ing and best of materials.
Our staff of expert shoe
fitters is at your com
mand. Let us prove.
$4 and $5
Solo Agents for the Justly Celebrated Hanan Shoe
129 10th St., Bet. Washington and Alder Sts.
.1 til J asr j f
EX-MAYOR TO RUN AGAIN
P. H. McCarthy Announces Oandl
diu?y at San Francisco.
SAN FRANCISCO. April 2. P. H. Mc
Carthy, ex-Mayor of San Francisco andi
president of the State and Ban Fran
cisco Building Trades Councils, has an-
Will be served table d'hote in the Arcadian
Garden Easter Sunday, from 5:30 until 8.
There will be appropriate decorations a won
derful entertainment, consisting of singing,
dancing and music pleasing environment
and a grand concert afterwards in the lobby.
PLEASE RESERVE TABLES AT ONCE