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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (April 2, 1915)
THE MORXTSG OEEGO?fIAN. FRIDAY, APRIL" 2, 1915.
tobacco raising- be restricted or for
bidden so that the fields conld be used
r-for the production of food supplies
have at last been assured tnat sucn
measures will not be taken, for the
present at least. . The government is
understood to have decided that this
step is not necessary.
SAYS RATE EXPERT
ILL PIGEON SAVES MAN
Germans at First Think Expcrimen
tal Birds Are Spies.
PARIS. March 10. (Correspondence
Drowninq Due to Submarine
Some Lines Asking Rate In
creases Declared to Be
Piling Up SurpJus.
I Attack on British Liner Re
: ported to Washington.
of the Associated Press.) Various
rumors have circulated in Paris regard
ing the ate of Dr. Albert Calraette.
director of the Pasteur Institute at
NOTE TO BERLIN JS LIKELY
Lille and brother of the late directorl a w rn a p p. i inj
of the Figaro. He was first reported jMV CflMU C LlO I
as shot and ince said to have been
DEATH OF AMERICAN
v... " '- " IB
Ciermany Already Warned Tinted
States Will Hold Berlin Govern?
f ment Strictly to Account
in Such Eventualities.
WASHINGTON". April 1. Reports
that an American life had been lost In
the war rone around the British Isles
-were brought officially to the atten
tion of the Washington Government
Jate today when Ambassador Page and
Consul General Skinner, at London,
cabled that Leon C. Thresher, an
American mining- man, was supposed to
have been drowned in the destruction
of the British liner Falaba by a Ger
The reports merely transmitted un;
official statements, and instructions
-were sent immediately to both officials
to begin an investigation and report
promptly. No action will be taKen oy
th Government until this official
version nf Thresher's death has been
received and all the facts surrounding
the destruction of the .Falaba have
been carefully scrutinized.
A representative. jf the company
which bad employed Thresher saw him
.'aboard the liuer before she sailed. That
-is as far as official information goes,
and Ambassador Page or Mr. Skinner
now will undertake to get statements
from survivors of the steamer wno
an ive Dositive evidence that the
American was drowned.
No inquiries from relatives or friends
of Thresher in this country have
reached the State Department and until
.today the case had not come to the
attention of officials except through
- Officials had little doubt that the
case eventually would form the sub
ject of representations to Germany. In
its note after Germany's war sone pro
clamation the Washington. Government
notified the German Foreign Office that
Jt would feel compelled to -bold that
government to "strict accountability"
lor the loss of American lives oT prop
erty through the operation of sub
marine against British merchant
ROSEBIRG ARTItlKRV CAP- I
TAIN KLECTKD TO STATE
FULL INDEMNITY ASKED
OEIt.MAM' FORMALLY RKftlESTED
TO PAY FOR SIXKJXG FR YE.
I i ' - i
flt t r 1:
t fri't --fit v f
J. A. Buchanan.
ROSEBURG. Or., April 1.
(Special.) J. A. Buchanan, Cap
tain of the Roseburg Company of
Coast Artillery, has been elected
a member of the state military
staff. The staff to which" Mr.
Buchanan was appointed consists
of six men high in the military
service of the state and acts as an
advisory board to the Governor
on affairs relating to the state's
artillery. They also have con
siderable to do with the rminage
ment of the artillery, in the au
diting of accounts and the regu
lation of expenses.
Amerlraa Government Contends. Eltel's
Commander Hm Xot Warranted
In Destroying; Vessel.
WASHINGTON. April 1. Indemnity
or the full value of the American ship
William P. Frye. destroyed at sea by
the German converted cruiser Prim
-Eitel Friedricli. has been formally re
quested from Germany by the Cnited
Acting Secretary Lansing announced
today that a note on the subject had
been sent to Ambassador Gerard for
presentation to the Foreign Office at
Berlin. Pending its receipt in Berlin,
the documont will not be made public,
but it was described officially today as
a. recital of the facts and application of
a. claim for damages on behalf of the
owners or the vessel.
No representations were made con
cerning the cargo, since it was estab
lished after atl investigation by the
fcfate Department that it was sold en
route and was British-owned at the
time of the sinking.
The American Government contends
In the note that the commander of the
H 1 1 e I was not warranted in destroying
the Frye. because it could not lawfully
-Jiave been condemned as a prize had it
"been taken into a prir.e court. The des
tination of the cargo was a private firm
in England, the United States Govern
ment learned, and the wheat could not
therefore have been considered as con
The general belief in official head-
quartern has been that the case would
.be settled without difficulty as soon as
a full report of the affair, mailed by
the German Embassy here, reached Ber
lin, which Is expected to be this week.
sent as a prisoner to Germany. 'Reli
able news recently received through a
person who escaped from the city says
that Dr. Calmette passed through a
critical period with the Germans on
account of the discovery in his
laboratory of several pigeons.
The Germans had posted a notice that
all pigeons, whether carrier pigeons
or not, should be shot, and those found
in Dr. Calmette's laboratory were at
once suspected to have been intended
for spying. An autopsy of these birds.
however, revealed that one was affected
with tuberculosis and had evidently
served as the object of some of Dr.
Calmette's experiments. This discovery
saved his life.
BRITISH ABUSE DACHSHUND
"jtg With German "ame Is Treated
Wort-e Than Foe, Says Writer.
IXN"DON. March 10. tCorrespond
; ence of the Associated Press.) British
prejudice against Germany has even
been turned against the kind, of dog
that bears "the unfortunate name of
dachshund." complains a writer in the
. Daily Mail, who says:
".Majr I protest against the cruel and
senseless manner in which some peo-
. pie are treating the unfortunate turn
spit dogs because these poor dumb
friends havo been called by the German
name of dachshund.
These dogs, although popular In
Germany, are our old English turn
spits, used in bygone days to
turn, by means of a wheel, the roast
ins; jack in the same way as the donkey
at Carisbrooke Castle draws water
from the well. On account of their
name, these poor dogs are now being
.treated not as enemy aliens, to whom
we are unpatriotically lenient, but
. most unjustly."
MILK FAMINE IS FEARED
Berlin Dealers Complain to Officials
BERLIN, March 9. (Correspondence
of the Associated Press.) Berlin milk
dealers, who are fearful that there may
be a milk famine, have appealed to the
Board of Trade of the capital to induce
the authorities to start action against
farmers who have failed to live up to
The dealers maintain that the farm
ers annually feed billions of liters of
skimmed milk to their hogs, at a loss
of 150,000 liters of albumin a year. They
ask that this use of skimmed milk be
restricted and that freight rates for the
transportation of the milk be reduced
The authorities are asked to "remind'
the farmers that they must live up to
their previous agreements with the
Berlin dealers. If the officials do not
step in. the dealers believe, the present
shortage of milk will develop into a
Petitioners Contend Figures Are
Based on Strong Companies With
4 7,000 Miles and Weak Ones
Willi Only 17,0 00.'
CHICAGO. April 1. U. Or. Powell,
rate expert of the Nebraska Railroad
Commission, was subjected to a pro
longed cross-examination at the Inter
state Commerce Commission hearing
of the Western freight rate case today
Ir. Powell presented figures intende
to show the roads were generally
prosperous and that thex averaged in
earnings more than 6 per cent. Cer
tain of the roads which would parti
cipate in the increases, if granted, h
said, were accumulating surpluses.
"As an expert -of the Nebraska com
mission haven't you always opposed in
creases in freight rates? asked C. C.
Wright, general counsel for the rail
"I can't say that I have always op
posed them, the commission instructed
me to get the facts," said Mr. Powell.
lou have always been on the op
posing side haven t you?"
The witness said that in arriving at
his ngures he had not had time to con
slder all the roads involved, but h
nad taken a representative list, com
posed equally, he thought, of the
strong and the weak ones.
Among the strong ones, he included
the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, At
chison, Topeka &. Santa Fe, the Sunset
Lines of the Southern Pacific, the Chi
cago, St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha
and the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul,
He included the Kansas City Southern
among the weaker ones.
The contention of the roads was that
Mr. Powell's figures showing a pros
perous condition were based on a ma
jority of the stronger roads, represent
ing 47,000 miles, while the ones he
called weak represented only 17,000
'You call the Kansas City Southern
a weak road when the fact is its earn
ings are $13,000 a mile, among the
highest in the list"
'That is because of its obligations.
It is not paying dividends."
Mr. Powell said he had not Included
roads in receiverships.
"Do you mean a road in the hands of
receivers should have no consideration
in reference to adequate rates?" -
"If their location is representative,
they ought to be considered.
The witness said he thought it would
have been more fair, had he bad time
to include all the roads. In reply to
questions from Dr. M. O. Lorenz, statis
ticlan of the Interstate Commerce Com
mission, Mr. Powell said in determin
ing his values he had deducted from
investment in property whatever had
come out of surplus, but in years when
the roads paid no dividends he had
not added any percentage to the prop
erty investment figure.
FRENCH DISCUSS PENSIONS
Measure Makes Provision for Dis
abled Soldiers and Families.
PARIS. April 1. A bill was proposed
in the Cnamber of Deputies today pro
viding for the pensioning of those to
tally disabled In .the present war. The
proposal, which apparently had strong
support, provides for the following pen
sions: Officers, two-thirds of their pay
on active service; non-commissioned
officers. 930 francs O190) yearly; pri
vates. S50 francs ($170).
If the bill is adopted, pensions and
allowances will be made also for wid
ows and orphans.
CONTROL OF COAL URGED
l-ondon Board of Trade Committee
Offers Plan to Reduce Price.
LONDON. Arril 1- The committee
-appointed by the. Board of Trade to
"inquire into the causes for the rises
la the retail prices for coal for domes
tic use recommends In lta report that
If the pricea do not return shortly to a
reasonable level the government should
consider a plan for assuming control
of the. output of the collieries during
the continunnco of the war.
Meanwhile it ia recommended that
exports of coal to neutral countries
rhould be restrirted: that step be
t alien to provide fuel for next Winter;
that the freight rates charged on In
terned steamers which have been taken
over by the government should be re
duced and that all enemy ships con
demned by the prize court should be
used for the transport of coal.
Germany lo Grow Tobacco.
BKRL1N. March 10. I Correspondence
of the Associated Press.) Tobacco
growers mJX -a.v .been, worri.log jest
BEET SUGARJHELD IS GOOD
Acreage Percentage In 1914 Larger
Than Many Prerious Years.
' WASHINGTON, April 1. The rich
sugar contents of beets and a high
percentage of extraction helped make
a good crop of beet sugar in the United
States in the campaign beginning In
1914. the Department of Agriculture
Production amounted to 722,004 short
tons, or about 110. 000 tons less than
in 1913. The area harvested was 480,
S00 acres and the acre yield, 11 tons,
was the largest since 1906.
FRAUD GASES FOR JURY
JIDliE REFUSES TO INSTRUCT AS
TO ELECTION CHARGES.
Terre Hante Mayor and Other Officials
Not to Know Fate Until After
SO Hours of Argument.
INDIANAPOLIS, April 1. After
Judge Anderson, in the United States
District Court, had overruled motions
to instruct the jury to bring in ver
dicts of not guilty, Milton W. Mangue,
assistant United States District Attor-
new, today began the opening argu
ment in" the trial of the Terre Haute
election fraud case. Each side will
have 10 hours ' for arguments, which
means that the case will not go to the
jury until late Monday or Tuesday of
Clarence Nichols, attorney for Will
iam Doyle and George Woodail, moved
that the court instruct the jury to
bring in a verdict of not guilty for hts
clients, on the ground that the evi
dence Introduced against them by the
Government was not sufficient to con
stitute a prima facie case. A. O. Stan
ley, attorney for Mayor Roberts and
the majority of the 28 defendants, made
a similar motion 1 on behalf of George
Sovern, Pearly McKay, Andrew O'Brien,.
Joseph O'Mara and Richard Knickey.
After United States District Attorney
Dailey had spoken in opposition to both
motions Judge Anderson made his rui
ng. He said the evidence against
Doyle was the weakest link in the
chain, but that it was sufficient to be
given to the Jury to decide. The jury
was not present auring me consiaer-
ation of the motions.
Circuit Court "Convenes at Burns.
BURNS. Or., April 1. Special.) An
Decide now to spend tHi
summer in the "fifty Switz
erlanda in one" of
The Canadian Rockies
Here, in a country of peaks
and glaciers, you can drive,
ride, tramp, climb moun
tains, play golf and tennis.
Make your .Home this
summer at the excellent
Canadian Pacific hotels at
Balfour Glacier Field
Lake Louise Banff
Reached only by the Canadian
Become acquainted now with
this ideal summer land. Call or
write lor Booklet No. 103.
J. V. MURPHY, G. A. P. D.
Canadian Pacific Railway,
, 55 Third Street,
adjourned term of the October Circuit
Court convened Wednesday. Judge Dal
ton Biggs presiding. This term is
called to dispose of all motions, demur
rers, and to consider all matters com
ing before th.e grand jury, and to set
cases for trial at the regular April
term, convening Monday.
ALBANY POSTOFFICE OPENS
Transfer to New Federal Bnilding
Made Without Hitch.
ALBANY. Or., April 1. (Special.)
Albany's poetoffice opened this mom
ing in the new 875,000 Federal build
ing. . The change to the new was
made last night, and there was no in
terruptlon in mail service.
Some of the equipment from the old
office was moved to the Federal build
ing during the day, but most of It
was transferred after l.he office closed
C. H. Stewart was to have taken
charge of the office this morning, but
his commission did not arrive and J.
S. Van Winkle is officiating still.
WAGON LOAD OF BEES SOLD
William Bennett, 80, Sends Hive's to
VANCOUVER, Wash., April 1.
(Special.) One hundred hives of bees
composed the unusual load on a hay
rack brought to Vancouver last night
for shipment to McMinnvllle, Or. The
hives were shipped by William Ben
nett, an 80-year-old bee raiser of
Manor. The drivers on the -wagon
were compelled to wear long coats and
netting for protection.
Mr. Bennett will have about so Jilves
eft on his farm. The hives were sold
for $3 each. Last year he sold 350
worth of honey from 125 hives.
Dr. PAUL C YATES
TEN YF.ARS OF HOKE ST DEN
TISTRY IN PORTLAND.
I Have Cut Prices
1 will save you ou cents 'or every
dollar on the best dental work made
by human bands and without pain.
My offer is for you to go to any
dental office and get prices, then
come to me and I will show you
bow to save a dollar and I make
a dollar on your dental work.
My Price Will Surely Suit You
My Work Will Surely "Please You
ALL WORK G VARAN TEISD.
Paul C Yates E&VSSf
I-Hfth and Morrison, Opposite Post-office.
POSION OAK? IVY?
Santiseptic Lotion is guaranteed to lr,-
tantly relieve the' itching and irritation,
rapidly rediice inflammation and fever, to
have a cooling and delightfully soothing
action on the skin, and to effect a cure.
Druggists refund if It falls. - Santlsetic will
iso prevent oaK ana ivy poisanins. oauu-
septic assures skin health and comfort al
ways, lou win like its Cleanly, neanny
nrfni- At vnur druzEfst s or bv mall uvc.
Esbencott Chemical Labr.. Portland, Or lo
Communication Workers Decorated.
BERLIN, March 10. (Correspond
ence of the Associated Press.) In the
first sir months of the war. the Iron
Cross was bestowed on 2553 postal and
telegraph officials stationed in the
field. Out of a force of about 75v300
men m the flew postal and telegraph
service, including those stationed in
conquered territory, 259$ have been
MRS. FLORENCE KEARNEY DECLARES
AKOZ RELIEVED HER STOMACH ILLS
CASTOR I A
j!j fox Infanta, and Children,
Tty Kind Yen HaT9 Always Bsught
Bears tha .
Bond and Other Pianos
Packard Music Company
1(S 10th St- near Morrison.
Wonderful California Mineral
Remedy Makes Portland
Woman a Booster.
Mrs. Florence Kearney, of 4917 Sixty
fourth, street, Portland, has become an
ardent booster for Akor. the wonderful
California medicinal mineral. She de
clares that it has done wonders for
her after suffering along time with
stomach trouble. She writes:
For five years I suffered from stom
ach trouble. Vomiting following meals
was common; indigestion caused me
great distress and gas would form so
much that it affected my heart. Akoz
has stopped the. vomiting, when all
other medicines hav failed; my diges
tion now is excellent and I am not
troubled any more with gas. I have
taken Akoa mineral water at this writ
ing; foe two months and all the symp
toms of my old ailment have apparently
disappeared for good. I shall continue
for a little while longer to be sure
that the relief is permanent."
Thousands of other people have got
ten the same relief from their ailments
by using this wonderful mineral rem
edy. It has proven exceptionally effec
tive in relieving rheumatism, stomach,
ver, kidney ana tladder tro.uble.fia,. j
Mrs. Floreoee Kearney.
tarrh, ulcers, skin diseases and other
Akoz is sold by all leading drug
stores, where further information may
be bad regarding this advertisement,
A yf Hart SchaiTner
- HMfHSV.-;: 1. -;i;,
Copyright Hart Sch&ffner & Uarz
Varsity Fifty Five
with patch pockets
You notice what a different "air" patch pockets
give a suit; there's a touch of the swagger style
conveyed by just such a little variation.
This coat is made . with two buttons; notice also the
broad lapels, and the shaped-in waistline, i
The five-button waistcoat has athletic shoulders; no collar.
English type trousers, with turn-up and tunnel belt loops.
Pay at least $25
You'll find $25 an economical price; any mer
chant who sells our clothes will show you many
fabrics, foreign and domestic; stripes, Glen
Urquharts, tartans, checks.
Be sure you get our label; a small
thing to look for, a big thing to find
Hart . Schaffner & Marx
Good Clothes Makers
Sold Exclusively in Portland by
Sam'l Rosenblatt & Co.
The STORE for MEN
Northwest Corner Third and Morrison