Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, April 02, 1915, Image 1

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VOL. IV NO. 16,939.
Submarine Crews Suf
fer Privations.
Effectiveness Grows Rapidly,
Says U-16 Commander.
Torpedo Intended for Fleeing Ship,
Ville de Lille, Is Withheld 'When
Women Are Seen Aboard, Un
l til Vessel Is Overhauled.
Special correspondent or the New York
XVorld. Copyright, JJ15, by the Fres Pub
lishing Company. Published by arrange
ment. J
KIEL. March Zi. (Delayed in trans
mission.) "Every day that our sub
marine warfare against the British
mercantile marine continues the more
effective will our navy become. War
under sea ia new to ,..
us; it is new to thj .
world. There are no
past experiences to
learn from or profit
by. We confront
conditions entirely
new and must learn
everything from
the behavior of
our craft under
adverse conditions.
War under sea is as
new as war in the
"It follows that
as boats come in
to make reports and
Karl H. Von
compare expe
rience our work will become more ef
fective ami the ring around England
Hill become tighter."
Correapondeat Visits Kiel.
Wearing an iron cross of the first
e'ass. Licutenaat - Commander Clauz
Hansen, commanding? the U-16, which
recently sank the British Dulwich and
a French vessel, today discussed sub
marine warfare from the standpoint of
one who has had experience. Through
a friend I had met him in Berlin and
obtained permission to visit Kiel and
learn what sort of men are these whose
ships pass under sea and who are now
making naval history.
"Do I understand that you don't con
aider we have made some impression
in England's shipping circles? Be as
sured what any sensible person will
understand as logical that ad we be
come familiar with conditions under
sea, with our patrols, and as our boats
and crews become worked in. we will
become more effective," lieutenant
Commander Hansen added.
MlKuae of Klaur Dangerous.
"What about the danger to Amer
ican ships?" 1 asked.
"The chief danger to American and
other neutral ships lies in British
ships tring to disguise themselves
with neutral flags and other devices,
and that it is reported that when or
dered to halt they will ram or fire
upon submarines.
"Other commanders often have taken
Ion? chances to gain time, and oppor
tunity follows. If British ships resort
to that practice, we will be compelled
to take less risks."
"Would you sink an American ship?"
American MitpH Known.
Certainly not. n i knew it was
American. Besides," adding with
smile, "you have so few that we have
litem pretty well photographed in our
Submarine warfare. It appears, has
called into existence an entirely new
type of men, especially noticeable
amongst the officers. Commander Han
sen is a splendid specimen. He is 32,
with smooth, finely chiselled and sen
sitive features, clear and steady eyes;
has a slender figure, remarkably
elastic, supple and agile; steely nerves,
instant action great concentration of
mind, quick decision and cbnstantly on
tne alert.
Owing to the rush of applicants from
the rest of the fleet to serve in sub
marines, the Admiralty has the selec
tion of the very finest and best men.
The majority are taken from the torpedo-boats,
rather than from the bat
tleships, experience showing that they
are more adaptable.
Sinking of Ship Itrlatrd.
He related sinking several boats.
"The weather was thick and we
couldn't see far," lie said. "I was toil),
pelled to submerge for hours, and came
up in the vicinity of a small British
ship. I ordered the crew to the boats,
and torpedoed her as several French
torpedoes gave chase. We escaped by
olng down.
"The same evening opposite Havre
e stopped the Dulwich. The crew was
given 10 minutes to get into the boats.
They were off In less than 5. The tor
pedo tore a hole clear under the smoke
stack. "The next day wo came up In front
of Cherbourg to have a look around
just as the French steamer Ville de
J.ille was coming out of the harbor.
Evidently believing -tliat it was a
French submarine which suddenly
came out of the water the steamer
showed a French flag, but then started
to flee regardless of our signals. I saw
two women and two children on the
deck. Of course we couldn't torpedo a
Salem Fruit Union Announces Ore
gon Product to Be Served on
Tabic of Commoner.
SALEM. Or.. April 1. (Special.)
Loganberry juice is to supplant, for
a time at least, the celebrated grape
juice on the table of William Jennings
Bryan, according to an announcement
made today by the Salem Fruit Union.
It is that the Secretary of State has
ordered, through Frank A. Breck, a
case of loganberry juice for his of
flcial table. Inasmuch as it has a much
better flavor than grape juice, there
is little doubt that Mr.. Bryan will
continue to order' it.
While in Washington recently Mr.
Breck attended religious services at
which Mr. Bryan was the chief speaker.
After the meeting the Salem man in
troduced himself to the commoner, say
ing: "I have come all the way from Ore
gon to deliver the "message to uar-
cla." but I have not the message with
me today."
An appointment was made for the
next day, when the Salem man gave
Mr. Bryan a sample of his loganberry
juice. The Secretary liked it so well
he immediately asked his housekeeper
to order a case for his personal use.
Confidence in Victory
Keeps Spirits Up.
Coast Artillery Company Makes Per
fect Spore at San Francisco.
SAX FRANCISCO. April, 1. (Spe
cial.) Unusual work with 10 and 12-
inch rifles and with 12-lnch mortars
was done today by the Thirty-eighth
and Twenty-ninth Companies of Coast
Artillery of the Army at Fort Winfield
Scott, the Thirty-eighth Company mak
ing 100 per cent of hits, and at 7000
yards the Twenty-ninth Company,
with rifles, making 90 per cent of hits.
The firing was witnessed by hun
dreds of local civilians and visitors to
the exposition who had received an
Invitation from the military authori
ties to be spectators. Thirty-six shots
;very one a hit were made by the
mortars, and 17 shots from the rifles.
Privates Naturally Docile, Of
ficers Compelled to Be.
Ration Same as That of French Sol
diers, Except That Meat Is Re
duced, in Retaliation for
Policy in Germany.
Reserve Bank at Minneapolis Re
flects Optimistic Sentiment.
MINNEAPOLIS. April 1 Business
conditions in the Ninth Federal Re
serve district, which embraces Min
nesota. North Dakota, South Dakota,
Montana, Northern Michigan and part
of Wisconsin, are generally satisfac-1
tory and improving, the Federal Re
serve Bank says in its monthly re
port of the kind, issued today.
Except that In a portion of the man
ufacturing districts of Wisconsin there
is a condition below normal, the
volume of trade is declared to be
holding up well and the outlook is
bright. The largest wheat acreage of
record is said to be a possibility.
License Record for March 13 7, but
Brisk Times Are Predicted.
VANCOUVER, Wash.. April 1. (Spe
cial.) Dan Cupid, who has been on
more or less of a vacation for the past
three months, brought only 137 couples
to hymen's altar here during March.
While this is greater than during Jan
uary or February, it is not nearly so
many as during the corresponding
period in 1914.
There is a well founded belief, how
ever, that the depression in business is
mote or lees responsible for the lower
marriage rate here, but that it will be
increased within a few months when
business regains its normal volume.
Baker's New Postmaster Starts Work
by Weighing Parcels.
BAKER, Or.. April 1. (Special.)
Baker's new postmaster. John D. Fos
ter, began his official duties this morn
ing by weighing 1500 pounds of po
tatoes, consigned by parcel post from
Baker to Sumpter Valley points. He
will continue to weigh parcel post
matter during the first half of the
Retiring Postmaster Lachmer's quart
erly report for the three months
ended March 51, show receipts of $7,
401.31. an increase of approximately
13 per cent, over the corresponding
period in 1914.
Shells Protect Minesweepers and
Hamper Turks' Repairing.
LONDON, April 2. According to a
Reuter dispatch from Athens, a dis
patch from Tenedos says that several
of the allied warships continue an inter
mittent bombardment of the Darda
The objects are solely to protect the
minesweepers and to prevent the Turks
from repairing their batteries.
PAR lis, April 1. Captivity weighs
ligrhtly on the German prisoners in
France. Their sipirits are sustained by
unfailing faith in a final victory for
the Fatherland and the good care they
are receiving-. These facts were dis
covered by a delegation of foreign
newspapermen who have just visited
the prisoner camps.
"My soldiers," General Poline said at
Tours, "are sleeping wherever they can
in barns, in sheds while the Ger
man prisoners are enjoying the com
forts of barracks."
Prlaoners Satisfied W ith Food.
There are 1000 German prisoners in
the Issoudan Barracks, from all arms
of the service, of all ages from 19 to
45, and from all sections of the battle
front. All are gay and satisfied with
the food that is given them. This
amounts daily to a pound and a half of
bread, two pounds- and six ounces of
vegetables, a quarter of a pound of
meat and 12 grammes of coffee, the
latter mixed, at the request of the pris
oners, with barley, because pure coffee
is too strong for them.
The rations are the. same as those
given the French soldiers, except as to
the quantity of meat, which is reduced
from a half pound to a quarter of. a
pound, in retaliation for the measures
which are said, to be t.,plitst. to .Trench
prisoners In Germany.
Six Hoars' Work a Day Required.
"We are well cared for. We do only
six hours of light work a day, are
well fed and are treated with consid
eration by the French officers and
soldiers," F. Ronholz, of Constance, a
20-year-old private of the 142d regi
ment of infantry, said in a signed
statement to the Associated Frees. He
is a prisoner at Issoudan.
The 600 prisoners in the camp at
Tours are housed less comfortably
than those at Issoudan, but as well as
are the French soldiere. Recent ar
rivals in this camp are said to have
been more depressed than those who
preceded them, but nothing can con
vince them that the Germans are not
bound to win, and none of them seem
to believe anything that appears in
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 85.7
degres; minimum. 63.4 degrees.
TODAY'S Showers: southerly winds.
German submarines sink British and French
steamers In English channel. Page 1.
Incessant, wearing battle continues along
front in Champagne region. Page 3.
Best men In German navy carry on under
sea warfare. Page 1.
American forces guard Kitel as she com
pletes coaling and prepares to take pro
visions, page l.
War causes great economic distress in Italy.
rage 2.
Russians win two victories In Carpathians,
after scaling precipices end in deep snow,
Page 2.
German prisoners in France contented and
buoyed up by confidence in ultimate vie
' tors'. Pace 1.
Villa and Zapata agree to neutralize Mexico
ity; larranzas consent only thing lacK
lng. Pago 8.
United States begins investigation into
death of American on torpedoed British
liner. Page 6.
Diving tube tested preparatory to use i
locating f-4 today. Page 5.
Rate expert savs some of railroads asking
for rate increases are now accumulating
surplus. Page 6.
New York anarchist testifies detective
planned church explosion. Page 7.
Idaho building proves haven for orphans
. in boat accident on bay. page s.
Wlltard plans triumphal tour to take place
when he becomes champion. Page 14.
Rube Foster, 'negro team manager, says
Beavers are stronger than over. Page 14.
Pacific Coast League results Portland 4,
Tjds Angeles 2 ( 10 innings); Oakland 4.
Saa Francisco 3; Venice 4 Salt .Lake 8.
Pa3e 14.
Pacific Northwest.
Major Bnwlby spurns job offered and quits.
Page 13.
Loganberry to supplant grape juice on Sec
retary Bryan's table. Page 1.
Roseburg and Douglas County hosts to
capitalists who plan development.
Page 8.
Evangelical churches In conference at Cor-
vallis. Page .
Commercial said Marine.
New York is good customer of grain in
Portland port. Page 16.
Rules governing Merchants Exchange
trading to be revised. Page Iti.
Covering by shorts lifts wheat prices at
unicago. face iv.
Favorable railway returns are announced by
Eastern roads. Page 19.
Portland and Vicinity.
Hero of British air raid on .Germans well
known In Portland. Page 2.
City inspector accuses contractor with at
tempt to bribe. Page 9.
Chamber of Commerce reorganization taking
definite shape. Page lo.
Good Friday services to be held in many
churches. Page 15.
Judge Davis, transferring docket, urges use
of whipping post in Oregon. Page a.
Representative Johnson, on way to Hoqulam,
urges bout li America as trade xieiu,
Page 19.
School Board re-elects Superintendent Alder
man and ousts Edwin Anders, history
teacher. Page 1.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 16.
German Ship Guarded
Each Goes Down in Three Minutes
After Terrific Explosion and 30
of Crews Are Drowned.
NEW tEN, England, April 1.-
1 T- - steamship Seven Seas, of
f ' ' iAXtf ions, was torpedoed by a German
..j submarine off Beachy Head today. The
I attack was without warning and 11 of
her crew of 18, including all the offi
cers except the second engineer, were
drowned. The steamer was bound
from London for Liverpool.
Such was the force of the explosion
that the hatches were blown off and
a big hole was torn in the steamer's
side, causing her to sink within three
The survivors, three of whom were
wounded, were landed here tonight by
a destroyer.
Provisions to Be Taken Sun
day, Captain Says.
Conference of Officials Is Held on
Board, but Details Are Secret.
British Cruisers Redouble
Vigil Off Capes.
(Concluded on Pasre 2.)
State Board of Health Refuses to
Accept Executive's Ruling.
BOISE, Idaho, April 1. (Special.)
Over the protest of Governor Alex
ander, the State Board of Health was
organized here today with the elec
tion of Dr. O. B. Steeley, of Pocatello,
president. The anti-Alexander mem
bers of the Board were in control.
They are Attorney-General Peterson,
Dr. Steeley and Dr. Falk.
They held that the veto of the salary
of Dr. Falk, of $1800, by Governor
Alexander, does not stand, but instead
puts into effect a continuing salary
appropriation on the statute books for
his salary at 12400 a year. Dr. Falk
is secretary of the Board.
There has been a bitter fight be
tween the Governor and secretary of
the Board, the Chief Executive demand
ing his removal.
NEWPORT NEWS, Va., April 1.
Sixteen hundred tons of coal enough
to take her to the nearest German
port has been placed aboard the
cruiser Frlnz Kitel f'rieoricn ionig-ni.
and Captain Thierichens was preparing
to take stores aboard on Sunday.
While he told friends he was much
relieved, now that his ship was coaled,
he declined to discuss his plans and
the immediate course of his raider still
was problematical.
Sailors Patrol River.
During the day local Government of
ficials were in communication witn
Washington, and Collector Hamilton
conferred with Captain Thierichens on
board the German ship, then with Rear
Admiral Helm, commander of the At
lantic reserve fleet. At a late hour
nothing had been learned concerning
the conferences.
Throughout today and tonight the
James River was patrolled by Ameri
can sailors in a launch from the battle
ship Alabama, while coast artillerymen
kept guard at the Eitel's pier. Guard
ing of the Eitel was determined on be
pxisk nf reDeated threats that have
reached' the captain and also to ship
yard officials here. The Eitel's pier rep
resents a miniature military camp.
Army tents have .been pitched and a
machine gun was mounted at the pier s
Mleslng Briton Accounted for. .
At the request of the State Depart
ment, officials here investigated re
ports by relatives in England of Oliver
H Bell, who was a member of the
British bark Invercoe, sunk by the
Eitel Friedrich. The State Department
was informed that Bell had not been
heard from.
Investigation showed that he was re
leased on Marcn 11 from the German
cruiser and shipped here as a cattle
man on March 12 on the British horse
ship Romney, which is reported to have
reached Liverpool.
LONDON', April 1. The French
steamship Emma, bound to Bordeaux,
was torpedoed Wednesday In the Eng
lish Channel off Beachy Head. Only
two of her crew of 21 were saved.
The two survivors were brouhgt Into
Dover today. They had been picked
up in the Channel by a British de
stroyer. The vessel that brought them
in also had on board the bodies of two
other members of the crew.
The periscope of the submarine had
hardly been sighted from the Emma
when the torpedo from the underseas
boat struck the Emma In the engine.
No warning of any kind was given.
The ship foundered in three minutes
from the time she was struck.
MADRID, via Taris, April 1. Ac
cording to the crew of the Spanish
steamer Augustina, which has arrived
at iantander from England, 10 Ger
man submarines are operating in the
English Channel. One of them, the
U-28, stopped the Augustina, but re
leased her after an examination of her
School Head Re-Elected
for Next Year.
in Anders' Case Also
Unanimous. .
D. A. Grout and C. A. Rice, AsfKt
ant Superintendents, and II. H.
Thomas, School Clark, Are)
Also Elected Again.
All Ships in Vicinity of Virginia
Capes Being Overhauled.
BALTIMORE, April 1. The Balti
more tug Defiance was stopped by a
(Concluded on Fajce 2.)
(Concluded on rage 3.) .
Bombardment Is Retaliation
Serbia's Attack on Orzeva.
VIENNA, April 1. The war office
has given out the following:"
"The open town of Orzeva having
been bombarded, we replied by bom
barding Belgrade."
- ro aWsy ,s heKEBY
Chicago Industries Resume Opera
tions After Three Months.
CHICAGO, April 1. Ten thousand
men, who have been idle since the first
of the year, today returned to work
In the steel mills and factories of Chi
cago Heights, a suburb.
The plants resumed operations after
a three months' shutdown, caused be- a
shortage of materials and a business
Thursday's War Moves
HILE the German submarines
continue their activity around
the coasts of Great Britain, the naval
wing of the British royal flying squad
ron keeps up its attacks on the Ger
man submarines which are being built
at Hoboken, and on the submarine base
at Zeebrugge.
The Germans have added two more
Bteamers to the long list of mer
chantmen sunk off Beachy Head. The
victims this time were the French
steamer Emma, which was torpedoed
on Wednesday without notice, 19 of
her crew going down with their ship,
and the British steamer. Seven Seas,
sent to the bottom yesterday without
warning, 11 of her crew being
The British losses already reported
for the week ended March 31 were five
steamers. A sixth vessel was tor
pedoed, but reached port. During the
week 1559 vessels entered and sailed
from British ports, so, except for the
loss of life, the damage done was not
considered excessive, in thj British
On the other hand, the British have
no means of ascertaining the nature of
the damage done by the bombs dropped
at Hoboken and Zeebrugge, although
it is believed that two of the under
water craft lying at the mole of Zee
brugge were damaged.
Beyond these attacks the official re
ports contain little news and ' that
which they do give relates only to op
erations of minor importance. Mine
warfare has been in progress at many
points in the west, and at other points
there have been artillery duels and
occasional infantry attacks, but nolh
ing that has in any way approached
the proportions of a battle.
' In the east the armies stand about
as they were. The fighting in North
Poland has been of a desultory char
acter, both sides apparently having
given up any Idea of advancing for the
present In Central Poland, however,
the Russians are showing a certain
The German official reports for the
last two days have noted attempts of
the Russian troops to assume the of
tensive on the Rawka River, while
Vienna reports a severe attack by the
Russians in the vicinity of the Pillca
River, which the Austrians say they
These movements doubtless have
been undertaken to prevent the Aus
trians and Germans from sending rein
forcements from this front to strength
en the armies which are trying to hold
the Carpathian passes against the on
slaughts of the Russians, who daily
report the capture of large numbers of
prisoners, - but who apparently are
making slow headway in the operations
against Lupkow and Uzsok passes. The
Russians also are slowly pushing the
Turks back in the Caucasus.
Belgrade has again been bombarded
by Austrian guns, while Austrian air
men have dropped bombs on Cettinje,
the Montenegrin capital.
The operations of the allied warships
in the Dardanelles are still in a slate of
Louis R. Alderman, City Superintend
ent of Schools, was re-elected unani
mously for one year by the Board of
Directors in closed session late yester
day afternoon. Elected at the same time
for a like term were t. A. Grout and
C. A. Rice, assistant superintendent.
and R. H. Thomas, school clerk.
Edwin Anders, head of the history
department at Washington High School,
suspended March 24 by order of Super
intendent Alderman pending the hear
ing of charges against him, was dis
missed at the same meeting of the
Board. A resolution declaring his po
sition vacant was adopted unanimously.
Charges brought against Mr. Andurs
by Superintendent Alderman were that
be circulated an anonymous letter, In
which he slandered the Superintendent
and other school officials, that he was
guilty of insubordination and failure
to co-operate with teachers of Wash
ington High and that lie had offered
insults to Miss Mayme liurst, secre
tary to Principal H. It. Hcrdman, of
that school.
Tito C'hara-ee Tencbed I pen.
Evidence against Mr. Anders was ad
duced at a special meeting of the School
Board on Wednesday. The first two
charges only were touched upon in the
testimony produced. Arthur L Moulton.
Mr. Anders' Attorney, brought in two
bank clerks at yesterday's meeting and
they testified that the writing of Mr.
Anders and the addresses on the anony
mous letteis were not of a similarity
as to lead to the conclusion they were
written by the same hand. Two ex.
perts had testified on Wednesday to
the contrary.
Mr. Anders declined to discuss his
dismissal last night. Until he has con
sulted his attorney, he said, he could
not tell whether he would make any
further fight against the action of
the School Board.
No opposition developed to the elec
tion of the four officials. The elec
tion of Superintendent Alderman to
succeed himself was moved by Dr.
Alan Welch Smith, and seconded by
J. V. Beach. O. M. Plummer acted as
clerk during the election, and Dr. E.
A. Sommer was chosen presiding of
ficer of yesterday's session In the ab
sence of M. G. Munly, who was kept
away because of Illness. Dr. Som
mer, because he presided, did riot vote
and no dissenting voice was raised.
Educators Are Experienced.
The election took place In executive
session following yesterday afternoon's
regular semi-monthly meeting of the
School Board. The election of all four
officials continues In office the heads -of
the local school system, all expe
rienced educators and, with the excep
tion of Mr. Alderman, long In the serv
ice. Superintendent Alderman, the son of
an Oregon pioneer of 1848, was born in
Dayton, Yamhill County, and after
graduating from the public schools of
that city attended McMinnvllle College
for three years and graduated from the
classical course of the University of
Oregon in 1898 with a degree of A. B.
He was first inclined to the study of
law, but gave It up for educational
work and taught school in Linn County
for two years.
He later went to McMinnvllle, where
he taught In the city schools for a
time and served as assistant principal
for one year. He was elected principal
and became Superintendent of the Mc
Minnvllle city schools, a position he
held for four years. He was next
elected County Superintendent of Yam
hill County, resigning to become City
Superintendent ot the Eugene school
University Place Held.
Hia next step forward was to become
assistant to the professor of education
in the University of Oregon at Kuaene,
a post he held for two years. From
this position he was elected State Su
perintendent of Public Instruction In
1910. In 1913 he was chosen Superin
tendent of the Portland schools, his
appointment becoming effective In
July of that year, holding this posi
tion ever since.
Mr. Alderman has taken a number t
forward steps in education. To him Is
credited the origin of the plan now In
such general use of giving school cred
its for home work. He has written a
book on the subject. Just Issued by
Houghton, Mifflin It. Co., Boston, and
his pamphlet on the same topic wet
printed to the number ot 15.00 J by the
United States Commissioner of Educa
tion and widely circulated. The head
ot the National Bureau ot Education
also sent his inspector out to visit the
schools where the system was being
tried. The plan has met with general
It was while he was superintendent
of Schools for Yamhill County that he
started a county fair for the exhibit of
children's industrial work and this plan
was copied widely throughout the state.
as well as elsewhere. Industrial work
and manual trnlninjr have been empha
sized in the Portland schools since Mr.
(Concluded oo rage 7.)