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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 30, 1915)
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, MARCH 30, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
TOL. L.V-NO. 16,956.
150 LIME L05I
Swift Submarines Hit
0 TIME FOR ESCAPE GIVEN
Shots Fired While Passengers
Are Lowering Boats.
TRAWLERS RESCUE SCORES
British Liner and British Steamer
Victims of Powerful German
Under-Sea Haiders Dntcb.
, Ship Is Sunk, by Mine.
two nrv to of vessels
DCSTHOYED MS BLOCKADE.
African liner Falaba. sunk by
German submarine In St. George's
channel. Loss of life 118.
British steamer Agulla. sunk
br German submarine off Pem
brokeshire coast. Loss of
life 26. ,
Dutch steamer Amstel. blown
up by mine off Flamborough
Head. No loss of life.
LONDON, March 29. About 150 lives
were lost in the sinking by German
aubmarlnes of the African liner Falaba
and the British steamer Agulla, bound
from Liverpool for Lisbon.
The Falaba was torpedoed in St.
George's Channel Sunday afternoon.
The vessel carried a crew of 90 and
about 160 passengers, and of this total
only 340 were rescued. Of those res
cued eight died later from exposure.
The Aguila had a crew of 43 and
three passengers and of these -3 of
the crew and all tfie passengers were
In both cases on sighting the sub
marine the captain tried to escape by
putting on all speed possible, but the
under-water craft overtook tlte steam
ers, showing that Germany now has
some of her most modern submarines
engaged in the. blockade operations
Warning Not Sufficient.
The captain of the Falaba, who was
one of those lost, was given five min
utes to get his passengers and crew
into the boats, but. according to the
survivors, before this was possible a
torpedo was fired, striking the engine
room and causing a terrible explosion.
Many persons were killed and the
learner sank in ten minutes.
Trawlers which happened to be in the
vicinity rescued most of those who
were saved; others sot away in the
fcoats. which were ready for launching
and which were quickly lowered when
the order was given to abandon the
Those who were still on the steamer
hen the explosion occurred were
thrown into the sea and it took the
fishermen an hour or more to pick up
the persons In- the water who managed
to keep themselves afloat.
Woman rnssengcr Killed.
The Agulla was attacked off the
Pembrokeshire coast. The submarine,
which in this case was the U-2S, opened
Tire with her gun, shells from which
liilled a woman passenger, the chief
engineer and two of the crew. Even
after tbe crew had commenced to
lower the boats, according to tho story
tit the survivors, tho Germans kept
lip their fire, and some of the boats
wore riddled with bullets.
Tho captain of the trawler Ottilie,
whom the commander of the submarine
told of the sinking of the Agulla. went
to the rescue and picked up the three
boat containing 19 of the crew. The
fourth boat, which contained the other
members of the crew, could not be
foundered. On their arrival at Fisu
liuard several of the crew wore ban
dages, having been wounded by the
fire from the submarine.
Another Dutch steamer, the Amstel
cf 4S tons, has been blown up by a
mine off Flamborough Head, but her
crew was rescued.
M'ENE OF HOlUtOH DKSCK I BED
I'alaba's Passengers Tell of Shot at
Ship Still Manned.
CARDIFF, Wales, March 29. One of
the Falaba's passengers, in telling of
th-ir experiences, said that when the
submarine ordered the oasscngers to
take to the boats, the boats were low
ered Immediately and the passengers
were served with lite belts, but no one
was allowed to take any personal ef
fects. "Then followed a horrible scene, said
the passengers. "Some of the boats
wre swamped and the occupants were
thrown into the sea. Several were
drowned almost Immediately.
"Barely 10 minutes after we received
the order to leave tho ship I heard a
report and saw the vessel l.cel over.
The Germans actually fired a torpedo
at her at a range of about 100 yards,
when a large number of passengers, the
captain and other oftlcera were still dis
tinctly to be seen aboard."
All the passengers and officers say
. that the submarine fired a torpedo be
fore all the boats were lowered, and
while many persons still were aboard
the steamer. One oflicer said:
"1 was sitting in a boat which was
suspended from the davits and was
waiting for two women paasongers
Concluded, ea I'aft 2.A
F-4 AT MOUTH OF
LOST SUBMARINE IS LOCATED
4 3 TO 60 FATHOMS DEEP.
Ill-Fa ted Craft's Position Known
Within Radius of 50 Yards,
2800 Yards. From Light.
WASHINGTON. March 29. Searchers
for the lost submarine F-4 reported
late today that they had determined
the location of the vessel within
radius of 50 yards and that she lay
at -the bottom of the mouth of the
Honolulu Harbor In water ranging
from 43 to 60 fathoms in depth.
Rear-Admiral Moore, at Honolulu
sent a cablegram to Secretary Daniels
which had been received by wireless
from Lieutenant' Smith, commanding
the searching fleet:
"We know location within radius of
SO yards: depth varies from 43 to 60
fathoms: Honolulu Harbor light bear
ing 24 degrees; true distance 2800
yards." , n.
All hope that any of the crew of 21
might be alive was abandoned two
days ago, but department officials and
naval officers here are waiting anx
iously for news that the bodies have
been recovered or for any Information
throwing light on how the vessel went
to her doom.
It is feared, however, that the sub
marine may prove to be the tomb of her
crew and that it never will be known
what accident befell her. Naval offi
cers say that If the boat Is covered by
50 fathers, or 300 feet, of water, it Is
unlikely that she can be raised.
Reports that grapnels have brought
up parts of the superstructure of the
F-4 have not been confirmed by official
dispatches. Officials think the pres
ence of oil and the rising of bubbles
to the surface must have enabled the
searchers definitely to locate the sub
HEAVY RAIN FL00DS ROADS
Country Around Valla Walla Is
Drenched by Downpour.
WALLA WALLA, Wash., March 29.
(Special.) The heaviest rain in
weeks fell today, filling dry gulches.
overflowing roads and making them
impassable in some places, washing out
nlowed fields to a small extent and
also brinsincr gladness to the farmers.
The total fall last night and today was
66 inch, which cuts the deficiency for
the year to 1.34 inches. Northwest of
tho city so much water fell that some
feared a cloudburst.
The rain was general all over the
valley. While the grain has not been
suffering for lack of moisture, farmers
have been eagerly waiting such a pre-
ciDitation. The grain now has a good
stand and, with conditions favorable, an
excellent crop Is expected.
The Uarht-land sections received near
ly as much rain as the heavier-soiled
IDAHO BOARDS SELECTED
Women's Wage and Irrigation Code
BOISE, Idaho, March 29. (Special.)
Governor Alexander today appointed
the members of two commissions cre
ated by the last Legislature, the Wom
en's Minimum Wage and the Irrigation
and Drainage Code commissions. As
members of the Minimum Wage Com
mission he appointed Mrs. Theresa Gra
ham, of Coeur d'Alene: George E. Hill,
of Rlgby, and E. F. Caton, of Boise.
The Commission is to organize April 21.
State Senator Elliott, of Sandpolnt,
drew a place on the Irrigation and
Drainage Commission as one of the two
Republican members. The other mem
bers are: Chase A. Clark, Mackay,
chairman; Ernest Anderson, Parma,
and D. L. Carter, Cambridge, Demo
crats; J. A. Waters, Twin Falls. Re
publican. SHOT 'STRAY SAYS BRITAIN
Explanation or Wounded American
in Bermuda Is Offered.
WASHINGTON, March 2?. American
Consul Green at Hamilton, Bermuda,
cabled the State Department today that
the British authorities had informed
him "it was a stray shot" that hit
George B. Montgomery, of Buffalo, N.
Y who recently was shot In the foot
and seriously wounded while sailing
near a camp of German prisoners of
war in the Bermudas.
The Consul said a full report was be
ing forwarded by mail.
CONVICT CONTRACTS END
.Missouri Will Install Factories in
Connection With Prison.
JEFFERSON C1TT. Mo., March 29.
Governor Major signed a bill today pro
viding for a termination of the con
tract system of convict labor in the
Stntc Penitentiary. December 1. 1916.
An industrial agent will bo appointed
at an annual salary of JS000 to Intro
duce state manufacturing plants at
which convicts will be employed under
the new system.
GREECE ORDERS SHIPS OUT
Damaged I"rcnch and British Craft
Must LeaTC Saloniki in 24 Hours.
BERLIN. March 29 (by wireless to
Sayville.) The Overseas News Agency
today gave out the following: '
"Information has been received from
Constantinople to the effect that the
Greek government has ordered that the
damaged French, and British warships
which put in at Saloniki must leave
port within 24 hours. The ships were
towed to Malta."
ON FOREIGN SOIL
Argentine Flag Flies
GOOD BEHAVIOR IS PROMISED
Trip to South American War
ship Breaks Precedent.
FINAL UNION PREDICTED
Executive Emphasizes ' Growing
Bonds of Affection. Between Na
tions of Western Hemisphere.
W'Hl Work for Common Aid.
ANNAPOLIS, Md., March 29. Em
phasis on the "growing warmth of af
fection as well as of understanding"
between the United States and other
nations of the Western Hemisphere was
made by President Wilson in an ad
dress at a luncheon given today in his
honor by Dr. Romulo S. Naon, the Ar
gentine Ambassador, on board the new
Argentine battleship Moreno in An
napolis roads. The President spoke in
reply to an address in a similar vqin
delivered by Ambassador Naon.
From the time of the President's ar
rival here on the Mayflower, shortly
after noon, until his ' departure for
Washington at 7 o'clock tcnight his
attention was given to ceremonials and
recreation. The lunch, exchanges of
formal visits and golf games here late
this afternoon filled his time. He Is ex
pected to arrive In Washington at 8
o'clock tomorrow morning.
Wilson Technically on Foreign Soil.
Technically the President was on for
eign soil during his visit to the Moreno.
"It Is with great pleasure that I find
myself in this Interesting company and
in this interesting place," he said in
his address. "There has obtained a
custom of the United States which has
seemed to amount almost to a super
stition that the President of the United
States should not leave its territory.
I do not know whether that was out
of distrust of the President or out
of precaution for the country; whether
there was fear that he would not be
have himself outside of his own Juris
diction, or whether it was thought that
he was absolutely necessary to the
country and its administration. I shall
try on this occasion, at any rate, to
relieve the country of the fear of his
Pleasant Relations Lauded.
"I am particularly glad that this
great vessel, which I have so much
admired, should represent some part of
the reciprocity and connection between
the United States of America and the
great Republic of Argentina. We have
been the more glad to be instrumental
in supplying J ou with this great arm
of war because we are so sure that
neither of us will ever use such an
arm against the other. I feel that I
am speaking the sentiments of my fel-
(Concluded on Page
"- - . y
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 55.S
degrees; minimum, 4 defrreea.
TODAY'S Shower j ; southerly winds.
Absolute prohibition betas considered ' In
England. Page JU
Navy officers think commander of Eltel In
tends to interne ship. Page 2.
France cares for American blinded while
fighting for allies. Page 1.
German submarines torpedo two British
steamers, 150 lives are lost. Page 1.
Austrlans drive Russians across Dneister
River In East Gallcla. Page a.
Garza's army said to be about to abandon
- Mexico City to Carransa's forces. Page 2.
President Wilson, by visiting Argentine war
ship, , technically goes to foreign soil.
Government files reply in International Har
vester anti-trust case in Supreme Court
Submarine F-4 located from 4S to 60 fathoms
deep at mouth of Honolulu harbor.
Thousands at fair bid adieu to Mr. Mar
shall, mau of Ideals. Page 3.
Railroads are pictured as benefactors in
rate hearing case. Page 3.
Portland to try to put Jinx to rout in opener
with Los Angeles. Page 6.
Boxing grips Cuba as Johnson-WUIard fight
approaches. Pa.se 0.
Frank Moran knocks-out English champion,
Borbardier Wells, in lOlh round of 20
' round bout. Page 6.
B. I. Cantlne, of Portland, to succeed Major
Bowlby as Highway Engineer. Page 1.
W. AL Jones elected Secretary of State fair.
Commercial and Marine,
Hide market depressed by lack of export
leather trade. Page IS.
Active demand for all classes of stock at
North Portland yards. Page 15.
Cessation of peace talk sends wheat up at
Chicago. Page 15.
Sensational advance In Bethlehem Steel In
Wall street. Page 15.
Two grain carriers arrive. Page 12.
rortland and Vicinity. -Ex-teacher's
suit against School Board for
dismissal starts. Page 10.
Case against Ex-banker of Roseburg given
to Jury. Page i.
Conferee from Chicago declares railroads are
in urgent need or tidewater rate re
adjustment. Page 7. , .
Matinee benefit plans for child welfare
work near completion. Page 11.
Methodist ministers In annual session pay
tributes to pioneers. Page V.
Clubwomen asked to present dancers at
public halls, page 11.
ITALY BUYS 15,000 HORSES
Animals for Cavalry Service Sent to
Europe From Middle West.
EAST ST. LOUIS, III., March 29. The
Italian government has contracted with
dealers here for 15.000 horses, it was
A previous contract for 8000 horses
already has been filled, and several
thousand horses have been shipped
belligerents.- - .
Thus far ' S0.000 horses have been
shipped from here to the European
under the new contract.
ROUMANIA STAYS NEUTRAL
Berlin Report Declares Agreement
Already Has Been Signed.
BERLIN. March 29. The Bucharest
correspondent of the Frankfurter
Zeitung telegraphs his paper that
Roumanta will continue to maintain her
The paper professes to have obtained
information to the effect that the
Rumanian Ambassador has signed such
Jliss Jane Addams Honored.
NEW YORK, March 29. It was
learned today that Miss Jane Addams.
of Chicago, had been chosen chairman
of the International Congress of
Women, which is to assemble at The
Hague April 28. She will sail from.
New Tork April 13.
EVERYBODY'S DOIV IT.
STRICT PROHIBITION LIKELY
Drink Held Worse Enemy Than
Germany or Austria.
BRITISH CABINET TO ACT
Chancellor Insists Hoot aud Branch
Methods Only Will Avail Pro
ductiveness of Workers Shown
to Have Decreased Much.
LONDON, March 29. "We are fight
ing Germany, Austria and drink, and
so far as I can see the greatest of these
three deadly foes ,is drink," said David
Lloyd George, Chancellor of the
Exchequer, replying today to a deputa
tion of the Shipbuilding Employers'
Federation, the members of which were
unanlmov.s in urging that, in order to
meet the National requirement at the
present time there should be a total
prohibition during the period of the
war of the sale of intoxicating liquors
This should apply not only to public
houses but also private clubs, so as
to operate equally with all classes of
the community. '
It was announced that, despite the
fact that work was being carried on
night and day seven days in the week,
the total working time on the average
in nearly all the British shipyards was
actually less, than before the war, and
the average productiveness had de
creased. There were many men doing
splendid and strenuous work, probably
as good as the men in the trenches, but
many did not even approximate lull
time, thus disastrously reducing the
Receipts at Punllen Increases.
Notwithstanding the curtailment of
tTie hours they are allowed to keep
open, the receipts of the public houses
in the neighborhood of the shipyards
had greatly increased, in some cases
40 per cent. As an Instance of one of
many similar cases, that of a battle
ship coming in for immediate repairs,
was cited. She was delayed a whole
day through the absence of riveters,
who were drinking and carousing.
In one yard the riveters have been
working on the average only 40 hours
a week and in another yard only 36
In conclusion, the deputation, which
included representatives of the leading
shipbuilders of the country, drew at
tention to the example set by France
and Russia and urged upon the Chan
cellor the need of drastic action.
The Chancellor of tbe Exchequer, in
the course of his reply, said the reason
why the government had not hereto
fore taken more drastic action on the
liquor question was because it needed
to be assured that it was not going
adverse to public sentiment; otherwise
(Concluded on Page
300 IN WRECK ON
C', CRA NPIQPn RAY
-acr-. i liniiuiuuv uni
EXCURSION" BOAT HITS HOCK
AND PANIC FOLLOWS.
Forty-five Orphans Aboard When
Boat Strikes 100 Yards From
Exposition All Koscucd.
SAN FRANCISCO, March 29. With
300 passengers on board, mostly women
and children. Including 45 orphans, the
General Frisble, a small bay steamer,
struck a submerged rock 100 yards off
the Panama-Pacific Exposition grounds
tonight and began to sink. Lifeboats
f.-cra United States warships anchored
nearby promptly took off all hands and
brought them asho-e. All. it was said,
had been accouni.ei for. None was in
jured. The party on the General Frlsbie
were part of the Solano County dele
gation who participated today In dedi
cation ceremonies at tho exposition.
The orphans were from the Good
Templars' Home at Vallejo.
At 9 o'clock toikight they returned
to the steamer for the homeward trip.
The General Frlsbie after leaving the
dock, cruised along close to the shore
to give the party a final view of the
exposition. Just in front of the Idaho
State pavilion she Jammed her nose
Into the rock.
There was a rending crash of tim
bers that could be heard plainly by the
crowds on the Marina, the exposition's
watefront promenade. Cries of the
excited passengers mingled with pro
longed distress whistling of the craft.
Panic prevailed on the steamer. The
impaot threw many passengers from
their seats. Many rushed about wildly,
especially the children, and It was with
difficulty that the ship's officers man.
aged to calm them.
TWO COYOTES IN ONE TRAP
Douglas Trapper Has Captured 30
in Two Years.
ROSEBURG, Or., March 29. (Spe
cial.) To catch two coyotes in a double
trap at almost the same time was the
novel experience of F. E. Weaver, a
well-known trapper In the Riddle sec
tion of Douglas County. When Mr.
Weaver visited his trans Friday he dis
covered the two coyotes, one of which
was dead and had been partly devoured
by the other animal.
. Mr. Weaver believes they had been
in the trap about four days before he
found them. During the past two years
Mr. Weaver has caught more than 3D
of these destructive animals.
Monday's War Moves
FAST and powerful submarines of
the German navy have torpedoed
two more British steamers in the wa
ters adjacent to the British Isles. Both
steamers, the Falaba and Agulla, took
to flight at the sight of the submarines,
but were speedily overhauled, with the
result that both vessels were sent to
the bottom, with a loss of lives esti
mated at between 140 and 130.
Only a few minutes were allowed the
passengers and crews to put off in the
boats, and according to the survivors,
the Germans turned their guns on the
captured ships, and thereby added to
the loss of life by shell fire.
Since the French merchantman Ad
miral Gantcaunc, with 2600 refugees
from Belgian and French coast towns
aboard, was torpedoed October 26 the
Falaba, which was in the West African
service, is tho only steamer carrying
any great number of passengers that
has been sunk by a German submarine.
The Falaba had aboard, according to
the latest official list published ny the
Elder Dempster Company, 151 passen
gers, of which 86 wcro saved. Four pas.
sengers are reported to nave oeoii
killed and 61 arc missing. Forty-three
of tho crew also are missng and .four
were klled. ,
On the Aguila the three lono passen
gers and 23 of the crew were lost.
A measure of vast importance is fore
cast by the conference which British
shipowners have had with David Lloyd
George. Chancellor of the Exchequer.
The Shipbuilding Employers' Fcdcra
tion unanimously urge the total prohi
bition of the sale of intoxicating
liquors during tho period of the war.
The Chancellor in describing drink as
the greatest of "three deadly foes," de.
clarcs lie was convinced that nothing
but "root-and-branch methods" would
be of the slightest avail in dealing
with the evil. Ho intimated that the
Secretary for War, Earl Kitchener, and
Field Marshal French were of the samo
opinion, and that King George was
"very deeply concerned" or. this ques
tion, and he promised to take tho sub
ject up with the other members of the
In tho land operations of the war,
the Eastern zone still occupies the cen
ter of Interest, for in the Carpathians
the Russians continue their drive to
ward the plains of Hungary, with the
Austrians apparently being forced back
on the western mountain front, but
with the aid of the Germans holding
their positions on the eastern line.
In Northern Poland the Germans have
taken the town of Taueroggen, which
has changed hands several times, while
on the front west of the Nlemen River
the Russians report that the Germans'
counter offensive has been stopped
In the Dardanelles the allied battle
ships have been throwing a'few shells
at the forts and the mine sweepers
have been steadily at work. A Constan
tinople dispatch says that General Ll
m an von Sanders, a German officer,
has been placed in command of the
Turkish forces on the Dardanelles.
There lias been little activity in
France, but the Germans have bom
barded the town of Nieuport and Nieu-port-Balns,
E. I. CANTINE TO BE
Major Bowlby to End
Work He Began.
YOTE FOR CHANGE IS 2 TO 1
Advisory Board of Three Mem
bers Is Named.
GOVERNOR MAKES CHARGES
Publication of Estimates for Komi
Work Without Sanction Called
Insubordination That Is Kc
scnlcd April "1 Date Set.
SALEM. Or.. March 29. (Special.)
Ey a vote of two to one the Stato High
way Commission today appointed I". I.
Cantlne, of Portland. State Highway
Engineer to succeed H. L Bowlby, re
signed. It wss decldod, however, that Major
Bowlby be retained In charge ot the
work in Hood River County and that
he have charge of the settlement ot all
disputes and settlements for work done
under his supervision in Columbia.
Clatsop and Jackson counties. Mr. Can
tine will assume his new duties April
1. and It probably will take three
months for Major Bowlby to finish the
work assigned to him by the com
mission. Governor Withycomhe and Bute
Treasurer Kay voted for Mr. Can'.lne
and. Secretary of State Oicott voted for
the retention of Major Bowlby. Mr.
Kay said that isasmuch as the Gov
ernor would have the appointive power
of tho Highway Engineer when the
department, under a new law, would
be merged with the State Engineer's
department May 22, he would vote for
any man Governor Withycomhe fa
vorcd. Advisory Board 1 Named.
Mr. Olcutt said he had voted for the
retention of Major Bowlby at a former
meeting, and to be consistent, ho would
support him again. The resolution pro
viding that he be retained to compete
work started by hiin was supported by
The Commission was unanimous in
its decision to name an advisory board
for the Commission, and S. Benson, of
Portland: John H. Albert, of Salem, and '
Leslie Butler, of Hood River, were
named. Governor Withycomhe said al
of them had notified him they would
accept John B. Teon. of rortland, de
clined a place on the advisory com
mittee because of his rond work In
Multnomah County, but he assured the
Commission ho would meet It any time
it desired and aid it in every possible
After tlie appointment of Mr. 'sn
tlne. Governor Wlthycombe dei lured
that in his opinion Major l'.o Ihv hud
been guilty of insubordination In mak
ing public his recommendations lor the
apportionment ot the state fund this
year before the board had acted upon
Insubordination" la Resented.
"Many petitions from counties
been received ss a result of his
continued the Governor. "It hss placed
this board in an awkward position. H
was the prerogative of tho Commission
to make public those estimates. Noth
ing can be done now, but If we condin-t
departments that way there will he
nothing but a chaos. I have i ailed tlm
attention of the board to this becausn
ot the principle Involved, ami I wish
to say in tho future 1 shall for ll-.e
dismissal of any man guilty of sm-li
Mr. Kay said Major Bovlli's esti
mate for Jackson County was wrontf.
being $18,000 loss than tile board would
have to "rive the county under a bill
passed at the recent session of the leg
islature. Governor Wllhyeomlie said
there had been constant trouble be
tween Major Bowlby and the t'ounly
Courts, and not one of them supported
the Highway Engineer, lie said roads
could not be built successfully without
the support of the County Courts.
Published Itrp.rt. Uralrd.
Mr. Oicott said any engineer would
have trouble. Mr. Kny declared the
sooner a change was made the better
It would be for the state. The Stale
Treasurer also took occasion today to
deny published reports that lie had
favored W. W. Lucius for Highway En
gineer, or had been asked by I. N. Day,
Stato Senator from Multnomah County,
to vote for Mr. Lucius. He called at
tention to his announcement several
necks ago that he would support any
man recommended by the Governor, be
cause the executive would have the
appointive power when the new law
Governor Wlthycombe said 1! appli
cants for the place had excellent rec
ommendations and that he had decided
upon Mr. Cantiae after considerable In
vestigation. He believed Mr. Cantlne is
more thoroughly acquainted with Ore
sou conditions than the other appli
cants, and favored him particularly be
cause of his reputation for economy and
hard, conscientious work.
Frequent Inspection Ilwlrrd.
"The statement of tho Clatsop del
ation before the Board recently that
Major Bowlby had been on the road In
that county, costing 1223,000, only ones.
when he Inspected a wall which had
fallen, is appalling." declared the Gov
ernor. The engineer niui so oyer iii
iConcludcd on l'a;e .