Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, March 29, 1915, Page 5, Image 5

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

Tradition of Noblesse Oblige
. Thins British Upper Class
Like Wars of Roses.
Middle Stratum of Society Responds
Poorly to Call to Arms Re
Tision ol Standards May
Come After Peace.
eeeyrlht. 1915. by the New York Tribune.
Published by arrangement.)
LONDON, March 13. "What are -we
going to do ror gentlemen when this
war is over?" walled an English aristo
crat the other day. He was using the
word "gentlemen" in the English sense,
not in our sense, of course.
Jn those words, however, he called
attention to a curious social phenom
enon of the great war as it affects
England. Whether this be a one-year
war or a three-year war, the upper
class is bound to find itself at the fin
ish depleted as the British upper class
was never depleted before. We read
In history of the titles finished for
ever in the Wars of the Roses, which
did such fearful things to the Norman
strain in England. But, according to
shrewd observers in the upper class,
the Norman population of England has
been harder hit in the first six months
of this war than in all the Wars of
the Rosea.
Iirlra Titles rail at Front.
An American merchant, whose busi
ness puts him in contact with every
class of Englishman, was speaking of
this matter only yesterday. "I know
15 English families of the upper class."
be said, "which have lost an eldest
son. Seven of them were only sons,
and five of these only sons were heirs
to titles."
For this, in so far as the English
are concerned, has been an upper class
war. It is this class which has taken
it most seriously, which has sent the
greatest proportion of young men to
the front. To be able-bodied and of
military age and not to serve the army
in some capacity has become, with the
upper class, a disgrace.
Oxford is a kind of foreign univer
sity in these days. I heard an Edin
burgh professor mourning the other
day because he was teaching "only
lassies." Those old boys of the great
public schools who axe of military age
and stature have enlisted so gener
ously that the exceptions are scarcely
worth noting.
"Lower Clans' Second In Proportion.
The "lower class," and especially the
lower class of Scotland, has furnished
the second greatest proportion of re
cruits. In Edinburgh, for example,
the shortage of labor has become an
Issue. Long ago Edinburgh would
have put women on the back platforms
of street railways had not the labor
unions, fearing that this was a wedge
for cheap labor, protested. All over
England farmers are agitating to have
the child labor laws relaxed, because
there is a shortage of agricultural la
borers. The middle class feels the enthus
iasm for war less than the classes
above and below it. The small shop
keeper, as a class, is keeping away
from the war. "The villa class what
you call 'commuters' feel it least of
all," said an English journalist to me.
In short, the middle class has re
sponded, so far, poorly; the lower class
well: the upper class excellently. I
wrote last Autumn that the aristocracy
was probably in the army '"'up to con
script standards." I am forced to revise
that estimate upward. So many upper
class men who would be exempt under
Continental standards of recruiting
have entered the army as to raise the
: percentage probably above conscript
percentages. For example, a certain
- English literary man of gentle birth
' Is serving as a subaltern in France.
' He is 48 years old. It happens that he
: looks younger than his age and for
' the rest, ho lied.
Responsibility In Accepted.
This is not, if you please, an exalta
tion of the class system. Taken by
itself, it is true, the fact arjrues for the
uses of an aristocracy, but not when
taken in relation to the whole picture.
The theory of a social democracy, like
the American or the French, Is the ele
vation of the entire people. The theory
of a social aristocracy, like England's,
is to give all the honors and most of
the emoluments of life to the upper
; class, and expect that upper class, in
payment, to take most of life's respon
sibilities. In this pinch the upper class is liv
' ing up nobly to its responsibility. But,
in Armageddon, that isn't enough.
i:vcry class must feel responsibility. It
looks now, so far as we can prophesy,
as though the British Empire were go
jnir to survive this war. But if it had
fallen, it would have fallen because one
class alone felt enough responsibility
to risk a life for England.
Howe-er. the percentage of upper men in the army does n. in it-
self, account for the great draft on
aristocratic blood which has been such
a phenomenon of this war. By English
custom, the army must be officered,
mainly or wholly, by gentlemen. And
the loss of officers, especially of Inferior
offtctrs. has been appalling. The life
of a subaltern is as short in this war
us the life of a horse.
Valor ot Question of Class.
That tradition of taking your offi
cers solely from one group is. of
course, a restriction on ability in the
army. Had we always insisted on pick
in? our officers from the leisure class
we should have fought our Civil War
. without Grant. Sherman or Stonewall
- Jackson.
Valor and military talent are not the
ole possession of any one class. By
and large, the French have probably
- the most able body of officers in the
world. And this Is so because the
- French army is absolutely democratic:
a man of real military talent may enter
' the corps of officers without regard to
: the circumstances of his birth.
Yet it is the only system the English
know, and they must do their work
now with what tools they have. You
can't trade horses while crossing a
stream. Ad a matter of fact, the rank
and file would probably accept no other
ystem. So thoroughly is the idea of
caste ingrained in the English that
the navvy or shopkeeper In the ranks
will follow a gentleman pray note I
em using the word in the Uritiah
' tense to death wiere he would not
March 21 British steamer Cairntorr sunk by German submarine.'
March 22 Austrian fortress Przemysl and about 120,000 men sur
render to Russians. ' , , , .
March 23 Turks routed near Suez by British. Russian Black Sea
fleet sinks Turkish transports and colliers and bombards forts.
March 24 Part of German cruiser Emden crew raid Dutch port in
Sumatra. ' .
March 25 French woman shot as spy by her countrymen, com
mission for relief in Belgium extends work to 2.500,000 French; Dutch
steamer Medea sunk by German submarine.
March 26 Durazzo, Albania, attacked by 60,000 rebels.
June 28 1914 Grand Duke Francis Ferdinand, heir to Austrian
throne, and his wife assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia, as result of
Pan-Slavic propaganda,
July 23 Austria sends ultimatum to Serbia: 28. Austria declares war
on Serbia. Russia mobilizes against Austria; 29, Austria bombards Bel
grade; 31, Germany demands that Russia demobilize. Belgians and Ger
mans order mobilization. '
August 1 Germany declares war on Russia; 3, German troops enter
Belgium; 4. Great Britain sends ultimatum to Germany demanding re
spect for Belgian neutrality; Germany declares war on France and
Belgium; Great Britain declares Btate of war exists with Germany;
6. Austria declares war on Russia; 7. French enter Alsace: 10, France
declares war on Austria; 12, Montenegro declares war on Austria, Great
Britain announces state of war exists with Austria: lo. Japan sends
ultimatum to Germany demanding that she withdraw ships and evacu
ate Kiau-Chau, China; 17, Belgian capital moved to Antwerp; 20, Ger
man army enters Brussels; 23. Japan declares war on Germany; A
Austria declares war on Japan: 28, British fleet victor In sea fight in
Heligoland Bight. Germany losing cruisers and torpedo - boat de
stroyers. ,
September 5 Great Britain. France and Russia sign agreement to
make no peace save together; 21, German submarine U-9 sinks British
cruisers Cressy, Hogue and Aboukir in North Sea. - '
October 9 Antwerp capitulates to German forces: 17, four German
destroyers sunk by British cruiser in North Sea; 20, Japanese occupy
Ladronne Islands, In Pacific Ocean; 27, British super-dreadnought Au
dacious, third in tonnage and .armament in British navy, sunk by tor
pedo or mine off north coast of Ireland; 31, Turks annex and invade
Egypt; German submarine sinks British cruiser Hermes. ., '
November 1 British squadron defeated by German fleet off Chilean
coast; 3, Great Britain and France formally announce state of war
with Turkey; 7, Tslng-Tau, German stronghold in China, falls; 10, Ger
man cruiser Emden destroyed by Australian cruiser Sydney, German
cruiser Koenigsberg bottled up; 26, British battleship Bulwark blown
up and sunk near mouth of Thames from explosion of own magazine.
December 8 German commerce destroyers Scharnhorst, Gneisenau,
Leipsio and Nurnberg destroyed off Falkland Islands by British fleet.
Cruiser Dresden escapes; 16, German fleet raids east coast of England.
Hartlepool. Scarborough and Whitby bombarded, 84 persons, mostly
civilians, killed. 1
January 1 1915 British battleship Formidable sunk in English
Channel by German submarine: 19, German fleet of airships raid Sand
ringham and other cities in England; 24, German cruiser Bluecher sunk
and three sister ships damaged trying to raid English coast.
February 3 British route first Turkish force reaching Suez Canal;
12 British fleet of 34 aeroplanes raids German bases in Belgium;
18. German submarine blockade of British waters begins; 19, Nor
wegian (neutrals) and French merchant vessels sunk by German sub
marines; Great Britain Justifies use of United States flag by British
merchant vessels; United States steamer WUhelmina taken into British
prize court: 20, British merchantman sunk in Irish Sea by German sub
marine without warning to crew; United States steamer Evelyn sunk by
mine off Germany; 22. Zeppelin airship raids Calais. -France; 23, United
States steamer Carib, Norwegian steamer Begin (neutral), and British
collier sunk; Kaiser and all Germans go on limited bread allowance;
24. British steamers Rio Panaro. Oakby and Harpalion sunk by sub
marines; 25, Anglo-French fleet begins destruction of Dardanelles forts;
British steamers Deptford and Western Coast sunk by submarines; 20,
Boers invade German Southwest Africa: 27, American steamer Dacia
captured and taken into French port; Russians capture Przanysz, North
Poland, and Stanislau, East Galicia,
March 1 Great Britain declares absolute blockade: 4, allies fleet
bombards coast of Smyrna; Germans offer to recede from "war zone
policy if permitted to import food; 5, Dutch steamer sunk; 9, subma
rines sink three British merchantmen. 10, Arrival at Newport News
of German raider Prins Eltel Friederich discloses she sank United
States ship William P. Frye in South Atlantic January 28. 11. sub
marines sink British collier Buyano and torpedo two merchantmen.
12 four British steamers torpedoed. 13, Swedish steamer and British
collier sunk by German submarines; 14, French steamer sunk by Ger
man submarine; 15, German cruiser Dresden sunk after attack by
British squadron in Chilean harbor, Britain declares blockade against
all shipping to and from Germany; 16, British liner flies American flag;
17 Russians raid German Baltic seaport Memel; German Consul ar
rested at Seattle on charge of trying to buy submarine information,
German submarines sink three British steamers; German cruiser un
officially reported sunk by hitting reef in December. 18, two British
battleships and one French battleship sunk by mines while bombard
ing Dardanelles; 21, Zeppelins raid Paris:' American forts at San Juan.
Porto Rico, fire on German steamer to prevent escape.
budge for one of his own class. Usual-j
ly, indeed, ne resents omeriy um ma.,
who has- climbed such a man to him
is a snob. But the gentleman by all
the sacred laws of his code, the gen
tleman is to be respected and obeyed
instinctively. A few generations of
changed conditions after the war may
change this. But it cannot be changed
in the brief Winter which fate has
given England to raise a mighty army.
Noblesse Oblige la Expected. i
In the early days of the war the
upper-class men without military train
ing enlisted in great numbers in the
ranks. Duke's son died with a musket
in his hands beside cook's son on the
retreat from Mons. But the new
"Kitchener army," or "King's army."
brought a great demand for officers.
Almost any able-bodied and fairly in
telligent gentleman of good athletic
experience could get a chance to be
educated for a commission. Around
such men England is building the new
Now, here is another subtlety of the
class system in Great Britain: Your
Tommy of the lower orders expects
from the aristocracy a living-up to the
tradition of noblesse oblige. The under
officer must take chances with the
men must, in fact, take greater
chances than the men or the Tommy
follows him but grudgingly. And this
example may drive the principle home:
I heard yesterday news concerning
the death of a certain second lieuten
ant. He was working in a city office
when the war broke out, and he en
listed with a commission.
His regiment went to the front in
October. He had been 12 days on the
line when he was sent forward with a
platoon. They came to a wood. He
halted, uncertain whether to turn to
right or to left- "I will go forward
and take a look." he said. He did go
forward; suddenly out of the wood
came a volley; he fell dead. Now. he
could not have done otherwise and kept
the respect of his men.
But the case illustrates the great
mortality among the sub-officers, and
it shows, moreover, why this war is so
reducing the Norman strain.
Public In England Prepared for Worst
When Report of Casualties at Stove
Chapelle Fight la Received.
LONDON. March 19. (Correspond
ence of the Associated Press.) The
British public is not deceived by the
lack of definite reports as to the British
losses in the Neuve Chapelle tight in
France. The official announcement that
the British had taken 1800 prisoners
and the official estimate that the Ger
mans must have lost 18,000 men in the
terrific bombardment prepared the
public for heavy loss on the British
side. Rumor ran that the total loss
to gain about a mile of territory was
in the neighborhood of 13.000 men.
Already there are about 300 officers
named on the casualty lists as the
result of the battle. Since it takes so
many men to win a mile of French
soil from the Germans, more than the
losses at Waterloo, the British public
is perfectly aware what the cost will
be before the invaders are driven out
of France and Belgium.
Meanwhile the recruiting advertise
ments are pointing out that the Ger
mans, being at Ostend. are already
nearer Iondon than Manchester is;
some of the daily papers are editorially
preaching conscription and there is an
urgent call for more nurses and hos
pital facilities.
Ttoscburg Artillery Inspected.
ROSEBURG. Or., March 28. (Spe
cial.) The first quarterly inspection of
the current year of the local company.
Coast Artillery, was held at the new
Armory Thursday night. The inspec
tion was oonducted by Adjutant-General
White, of Portland, and Captain
Collins, of Eugene. Following the in
spection the members of the company
held a banquet. The officers of the
company were entertained prior to the
inspection, the following being pres
ent: Adjutant-General White, of Port
land; Captain Collins, of Eugene; Col
onel May. Captain Buchanan, Lieuten
ant Vincil and A. C. Marsters. of Rose
Issue of $25,000 Is to Erect School
on Sew Site.
WARRENTON, Or., March 28. (Spe
cial.) By a majority of 16 votes, the
school bond issue of 825,000 was carried
The voters recently cast their ballot
in favor of purchasing the Harvey
tract, consisting of 9.6 acres, for $8600
for a .school site, anJ since then the
t. , ,i ; t n ,qva 'J rlmilpH nlftnK for
liUIIUUl UIIrLuio - " , .
a school building at an estimated cost
of 115,000. 1 ne Done issue iwiaj wis
to provide funds to purchase school
Bite, build and furnish school building.
Trade Balance Mounts to
$578,000,000, Fast Liqui
dating Indebtedness.
Billions of Dollars' Worth of Manu
factures and Products of Soil
Are for Sale, and Foreign.
Demand Is Increasing.
CHICAGO. March 28. (Special.)
The United States is now a creditor
nation in the strict sense. The world
ta hPErinnine to oav in cash for the
immense volume of products bought in
this country.
Thn nation has naid our foreign
debts, or rather our enormous exports
have liquidated them, and now the
credit balance in its favor is beginning
to show tangible results.
. ia fi.-iwinr ateadilv into the
United States. Nearly $41,000,000 has
been received since January l. unc
fourth of this amount came in last and continuous stream of the
precious metal means ultimately the
greatest era of prosperity this country
has ever known.
Floodgates of Gold Opening.
TTrti. weekn thft srreat banks of the
old world have been throwing safe
guards around their gold supplies ana
until recently they succeeded in pro
tecting it, despite the fact that foreign
exchange rates fell to almost the lowest
levels in modern history.
nf urn total receiDts of gold. $9.-
300,000 came from Ottawa, $5,700,000
from China, $3,500,000 from Japan,
050,000, from London direct, $1,000,000
from South America and $300,000 from
nnmark. The inevitable appears to
be at hand. American securities held
abroad are no longer being liquidated.
In fact, they are being bought by
foreign investors. Obvious evidences
nt this VI' 1' T"t noted in the securities
markets of the United States last week,
and without the selling of stocks and
bonds as an offset, Europe must now
nnv th TTnited States in gold for mer
chandise, foodstuffs and everything
that has been taken In enormous vol
ume. Trade Balance Now 578,000,000.
The trade balance in favor of the
United States up to the close of busl
oaa 27 Rnnroximates $578,000.-
000. This is tne amount other coun
tries owe the United States in excess
of imports, however the difference may
be settled. When the war began in
August it was variously estimated that
the United States was InueDtea to r.u
rope even more than the present credit
Astute bankers and economists see
in the- change that is aproaching an
opportunity for the United States to
become the world's banker. The coun
try now has billions of dollars worth
,.t awrifuitiiral and manufactured prod
ucts to sell. Other great nations, crip
pled by war. want these products ana
must pay for them. Besides, during the
war and after the war, much financing
will be necessary. Foreigners must
look to the United States for help in
nearly every form.
(Continued From First Page.)
ueror proceeded in person to Thielt and
Courtrai to exalt by his presence the
ardor of his troops.
"Finally, at the close of October, the
entire German press incessantly pro
claimed the importance of the battle
of Calais. It is superfluous to add that
events in Poland explain in large meas
ure the passionate resolve of the Ger
man general staff to obtain a decision
on the western theater of operations at
all costs. This decision would be ob
tained if our left were pierced or driven
in. To reach Calais, that is. to brea
our left: to carry Ypres, that is. to cut
it in half; through both points to
menace the communications and sup
plies of the British expeditionary force,
perhaps to threaten Britain in her
island: such was the German plan in
the battle of Flanders. It was a plan
that could not be executed.
"The enemy who had at his disposal
a considerable quantity of heavy ar
tillery, directed his etfort at iirst upon
the coast and the country to the north
of Dixmude. His objective was mani
festly the capture of Dunkirk, then of
Calais and Boulogne and this objective
he pursued until November 1.
Enemy Checked Along Coast.
".YDres was solidly covered and the
connections of all the allied forces
were established. Against the line
thus formed, the German attacK was .
. . 1 -- VnL-amh.r '
nuriea irom uciouei - . ' '
1 2. to the north, the east and south of
Ypres. From October 26 on. the at
tacks were renewed daily with ex
traordinary violence, obliging us to
employ our reinforcements at the most
threatened points as soon as tney came
up. Between October 30 and November
6. Ypres was several times In danger.
The British lost Zandvorde, Ghelluvelt,
Messines and Wytschaete. The front of
the allies, thus contracted, was all the
more difficult to defend, out aeienuea
it was, without a recoil. The arrival
of three French divlsons in our line en
abled us to resume, from the 4th to
the 8th a vigorous offensive. On the
10th and the 11th this offensive, brought
up against fresh and sharper German
attacks, was checked. Before it could
be renewed the arrival of fresh rein
forcements had to be awaited. These
were dispatched to the north on Novem
ber 12. By the 14th our troops had
again begun to progress, barring the
road to Ypres against the German at
tacks and inflicting on the enemy, who
advanced in massed, formation, losses
which were especially terrible in con
sequence of the fact that French and
British artillery had crowded nearly
300 guns onto these few kilometres of
40,000 German Corpses Found.
"Thus the main mass of the German
army sustained the same defeat as the
detachments operating farther to the
north along the coast. The support
which, according to the idea of the
German general staff, the attack on
Ypres was to render to the coastal at
tack, was as futile as that attack itself
had been.
"During the second half of November
the enemy, exhausted and having lost in
the battle of Ypres alone more than
150,000 men, did not attempt to renew
his effort, but confined himself to an
intermittent cannonade. We, on the
contrary, achieved appreciable progress
to the north and south of Ypres and
insured definitely, by a powerful de
fensive organization of the position, the
inviolability of our front."
The compiler of the report here adds
a footnote saying that more than 40,000
German corpses were found on the bat
tlefield during these three weeks of
The report next proceeds to summar
ize the character and results of the
operations since the battle of Flanders;
that is, during the period November 30
February 1. It says that since the
former date the French supreme com
mand had not thought it advisable to
embark on important offensive opera
tions. It has confined itself to local
attacks, the main object of which was
to hold in front of us a large number
of German corps as possible, and thus
to cover the withdrawal of the troops
which, "to our knowledge, the German
general staff strongly desired to dis
patch to Russia." As a matter of fact
the numbers transported to the eastern
front have been moderate.
Aid on Eastern Front Minimised.
"Of the 52 army corps which faced us
on the western front, Germany has been
able to take . only four and one-half
corps for the eastern front. On the
other hand, climatic conditions the
rain and mist were such as to dimin
ish the effectiveness of offensive opera
tions and to add to the costliness of
any undertaking, which was another
reason for postponing them.
"Still another reason." he says, "lies
in the fact that from now on the allied
forces can count on a steady, expand
ing growth, equally in point of num
bers and units as of material, while the
German forces have attained the maxi
mum of their power and can only
diminish now, both in numbers and in
value. These conditions explain the
character of the siege warfare which
the operations have assumed during
the period under review.
"Meanwhile, it is by no means the
case that the siege warfare has had the
same results for the Germans as for us.
From November 15 to February 1 our
oDDonents. In spite of numerous at
tacks, did not succeed in taking any
thing from us, except a few hundred
"It's great to be pirate king
And raid the pantry shelf!
And when I swoop on CampbtlTa
That's just my kind of pelf I"
Trii. arrive nrinr.mle in coffee is caffeine.
anrl druggists and physicians put it in the
medicine case along with other drugs.
Thousands of coffee drinkers are feeling
the effects of the drug in nervousness, bilious
ness, dull headaches, sleeplessness, "coffee
heart, etc
TriMv's nnlv one sensible thinsr to do
if coffee hurts you quit it! And for a drug
free, nourishing, delightful beverage, use
Instant Postum
Made from whole wheat, with
a bit oi wholesome molasses.
Postum comes in two forms: Instant Postum, soluble, made in the cup
instantly, with hot water, 30c and 50c tins; and the original form, Postum
Cereal, has to be well boiled, 1 5c and 25c packages. Both are equally de
licious, and cost per cup about the same.
Postum has pointed the way to freedom from coffee ills for thousands
"There's a Reason"
I sold by Grocers everywhere.
Yes, just his "kind"
Just the kind that all youngsters
enjoy; and that helps to keep them well
and happy
Campbell's Tomato Soup
When you find a food so easy to pre
. pare; so wholesome and nourishing; and
one which healthy boys and girls
actually crave as they do this pure and
tasty soup, then you have an ideal dish
for every member of the family. And
the oftener you give it to
them the better for them
and for you. Why not
order a dozen today?
Your money back if not satisfied.
21 kinds 10c a can
21 kinds!
K ' v Tr 'y SS t "V ar a i
! yet
meters of ground to the north of
Soissons. We, on the contrary, have
obtained numerous and appreciable re
sults." The French writer here proceeds to
strike a balance of gains and losses
between the allies and the German
forces in France during the Winter
campaign. The result he sums up as
1. A general progress of our troops,
marked at certain points.
2. A general falling bark of the
enemy, except to the northeast of Sois
sons. He continues:
To complete the balance it must be
added that:
1. The German offensive in Poland
was checked a month ago.
2. The Russian offensive continues
in Galacla and the Carpathians.
3. A large part of the Turkish Cau
casian army has been annihilated.
4. Germany has exhausted her re
sources of officers (there are now on
an average of 12 officers to a regi
ment and henceforth will only be
able to develop her resources in men to
the detriment of the existing units.
5. The allied armies, on the con
trary, possess the power of reinforcing
themselves in a considerable decree.
"It may therefore be declared that
In order to obtain success it I suf
ficient for Franco and her alfes to
know how to wsit and to prepsre for
victory with indefatigable patience,"
he says.
Man Accused by Wife llound Over to
Grand Jury at Murshfleld.
MARSHF'KLU. Or., Mann 2S. (Spe
cial.) Charlemagne Tower, charged
with kidnaping his wife. Mildred Tower,
was bound over to he grand Jury
after pleading not guilty and waiving
a preliminary hearing. Ho i re
leased under $300 bonds.
Mrs. Tower said In court that she
had been taken away against lier will
and had no desire to resume former
relations with her husband. Mrs.
Tower is IS years old and hi tractive.
Take Your Trip Now
to the
Two World Expositions
Fares From Portland
San FrtnciHCO and Return (On Sale Daily) :
$30.00 Round Trip from Portland, Limit 30 days.
-$32.50 Round Trip from Portland, Limit 90 day.
San Diego and Return (On Sale Daily):
$52.25 Round Trip from Portland, Limit 40 days.
. $61.50 Round Trip" from Portland, Limit 6 Months.
Corresponding low round-trip fares from all other stations.
Scenic Shasta Route
Three Fine Trains Daily.
Shasta Limited-San Francisco Express-California Express
Stop-Overs on One-Way Tickets
Ten days' stopover will be allowed at San Francisco
and Los Angeles on one-way tickets old to Eastern
Cities when routed via the Southern Pacific.
Call at our City Ticket Office, 80 Sixth street. Corner
Oak, or Union Depot, for copy of our new Booklet,
"California and Ita Two AVorld Expositions." and
other literature on California; also for full informa
tion, fares, stop-overs, reservations, etc. Both tele
phonesMarshall 4500, A-6121.
Southern Pacific
John M. Scott, General Passenger Agent, Portland, Or.
Store for Rent!
Store 25x75, centrally located, fireproof buildinj,
water, heat and light included in rental. If you want
to change locations and secure a first-class store in
the best retail center, this is your opportunity.
L 569, Oregonian.