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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 26, 1915)
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JflKTIAM), FRIDAY, MARCH 26, 1915.
COLOMBIA'S CLAIM "OX THE CANAL.
Vice-President Marshall's regret that
"this altruistic work (the Panama
Canal) has a real or seeming defect in
the charge of an injustice done a
sister republic of the south" will be
shared by many who object to the
means adopted by the Administration
to remove the defect. The American
people, will not tolerate a confession
of guilt and a voluntary making of
amends to Colombia by this country.
That would be the effect were the
Senate to ratify the treaty of apology
and indemnity to Colombia. An
aspersion would be cast on the recti
tude of the men who recognized the
independence of Panama and who
made the canal treaty with that re
public. As those men were elected
by and acted for the American Nation,
an aspersion would be cast on the
whole Nation. The American people
are not prepared to plead guilty; they
prefer to stand trial, confident of
The claims of Colombia against the
United States and against Panama
should be heard by an impartial
tribunal, such as The Hague court.
If that court finds that Colombia has
been wronged by this Nation, every
honest American will approve payment
of any award, to the last dollar, that
may be given. But no accomplished
fact can be undone. Panama cannot
be returned to the yoke of Colombia,
nor can Colombian sovereignty over
the canal zone be restored. If any
thing is due Colombia for these
changed conditions, let the arbitration
tribunal fix the sum and it will be
The wound to Colombia's feelings
might have been healed ere now had
her demands been more reasonable
and had Secretary Bryan been more
interested in seeing. justice done than
in blackening the good name of a
Republican President and a Repub
lican Secretary of State. Colombia
Insisted on disputing Panama's title
to independence and demanded an
exorbitant indemnity and absurd priv
ileges in the canal. Mr. Bryan con
ceded all that Colombia asked, though
the United States has a strong case.
A treaty submitting to arbitration the
question -whether Colombia had been
wronged and to what amount, but
stipulating that the present status cf
Panama and the canal should not be
disturbed would have been ratified
without difficulty. It would have set
tled any just claim Colombia may
have. Colombia may thank her own
greed and Mr. Bryan's partisan
venom for the present delay.
CONFIDENCE MUST BE RESTORED.
Senator Roofs conception of the
duty which the Republican party has
to perform will agree with that of
many clear-thinking, patriotic men in
all occupations. That duty is "to re
store confidence in business, to wipe
out the misunderstanding between the
farmers of the West and South and
the capitalists of the East and North."
A period during which business men
were permitted to do pretty much- as
they pleased has been followed by a
period during which they have been
sternly called to account. Laws which
they had been encouraged by the
negligence of tho Government to re
gard as dead letters have been galvan
ized into vigorous life, and some busi
ness men have consequently been
branded as lawbreakers. Politicians
have seized upon these cases as ex
amples of business men in general
and have inflamed the minds of farm
ers and workingmen with prejudice
against manufacturers and capitalists.
Laws have been passed to regulate
business of a semi-public nature, but
more laws are demanded for the
regulation of purely private business.
It is proposed that an already over
burdened Government shall undertake
the conduct of entire branches of
On the other hand, capital has
taken to narrow and selfish a view of
the rights of the public and of labor.
It haa desisted from many of its evil
practices, but it continues the policy
by which Colorado and Michigan were
reduced to a condition of disorder
verging on civil war. Great cor
porations operate remote properties
through resident managers, who are
judged only by financial results.
Hordes of foreigners are transported
across the country to displace strikers,
and, when they, too. strike, private
armies are enrolled to restrain their
excesses and to commit excesses in
their turn. Labor, convinced that cap
ital is inspired by callous greed in
.imiimr with it. retaliates by making
and enforcing demands in like spirit'
and by supportng every scneme pro
posed for governmental restraint on
and exaction from capital.
The result is a new sort of dissolu
tion of the Union a dissolution into
contending classes. Each denies the
patriotism of the other, and makes
this charge an excuse for its own
forgetfulness of patriotic duty. Cap
ital, sullen at what has been done to
and said of it. goes into hiding and
refuses to employ labor. Labor,
whether industrial or agricultural, has
lacked employment and has suffered
privation. A deadlock has resulted
from the clash of class interests.
We need, for return of prosperity
in full tide. Just such a restoration
ot confidence- as Mr. Root described.
Capital must be convinced that laws
against offending business men are
not attacks on business and that those
who have criticised Its methods are
not all anarchists and demagogues,
but are mainly honest, well-meaning,
though, at times, misguided, men,
whose errors are the result of eap
Jtalls own misdeeds. Labor and other
critics of capital must be convinced
that the business man has rights and
has a conscience and is generally in
spired by as upright motives as them
selves. The Nation- needs to get together for
the promotion of its own prosperity.
Capital cannot prosper when labor, its
best customer, is in a large measure
unemployed. Labor cannot bo em
ployed when capital accumulates in
the banks, afraid to come out. The
farmer takes in his profits on wheat
sold at war prices and locks them up,
fearing a social storm. We have all
the elements of prosperity except
mutual confidence between class and
class, out of which will grow con
fidence that the law will deal Justly
with all. Let each go out to meet the
other, ready to prove its honesty and
justice; then the clouds of distrust
which cast a shadow of depression
over the country will pass away.
- THE REAL PORTLAND.
Whatever the results in numbers of
the membership and subscription cam
paign for the reorganized Chamber
of Commerce and Commercial Club,
the past three days have seen the
most definite and spontaneous expres
sion of the real Portland spirit ever
known. At heart every Portland man
and woman believes in Portland. Here
and there is a grouch, and there are
even a few ' mossbacks who lag
superfluous from an era long since
happily past; but the controlling sen
timent is an optimistic belief in Port
land and its destiny. Else how could
the unprecedented total of 3100 odd
membership representing $50' each
nap annum hftvn hpn rolled ud?
This is the final day of the formal
campaign.. It will be a whirlwind of
energetic and concentrated effort to
reach the maximum of 5000 member
ships. It will be attained, we think,
if the large subscriptions held back are
turned in, if absentees are counted and
If the holdovers in present member
ships are transferred to the new or
ganization. All this is legitimate, for
It means bona fide names and amounts.
It has been a tremendous campaign,
most skillfully planned and most won
derfully executed hy a small army of
some 400 well-trained Portland cit
izens. But the end is not yet. The
climax has been reserved for today.
The Portland Journal is properly
perturbed over the "general system
of agitation and fault-finding" directed
against the Portland schools. It ought
to be perturbed over its own system
of agitation and fault-finding directed
against the Legislature. In the same
tn -v,irh it Vondemns constant
criticism of the school 'administration.
it has this to say;.
Happily, the Oregon House foresaw the
effects ot admitting the casualty companies
to a sort of partnership with the state in
the compensation field, and this state was
saved from the struggle that Is now going
on in New York.
Our compensation law was saved, worlc
tngmen's compensation was salvaged and
Oregon workers protected, although the
Oregon Senate forced the House to accept
the notorious spoilsmen's law as a ransom
for the Oregon compensation plan, v
The anonymous letter attacking
Superintendent Alderman and several
principals is no more despicable than
this attempt to convey the impression
that casualty insurance was involved
in the disagreement between House
and Senate over the compensation bill
and that Oregon's compensation plan
was in danger.
The record of legislative procedure
Is a public record and is indisputable.
It reveals that no bill permitting cas
ualty companies to write compensa
tion insurance passed either house. It
reveals that both houses passed the.
Sehuebel bill continuing the existing
compensation plan before what the
Journal terms the "spoilsmen's bill"
was introduced. The only thing
"ransomed or salvaged" was a couple
rr u-hniiv needless Jobs supported by
contributions which could better go to
The surest indications of a "general
system of agitation and fault-finding"
rr v. a Titainn Knrfcihine's orolect of
translating music into color harmonies
has much to recommena it. e nas
a phrnmntin scale of twelve
colors " corresponding to the musical
Intervals in common use and written
a symphony, called Prometheus, to
Illustrate the novel emotional effects
of his scheme. The first attempted
performance was at Moscow, but at a
critical moment an electrical fuse blew
out and the "color organ" was brought
to a sudden stop. Scriabine is now
repeating his experiment in iNew tors
,,r,ir- mnra favorable conditions and
it may be the beginning of a new
form of art.
TTanh nnrA musical tone is translat
ed by a pure color, while the chords
correspond to a mingling of colors
separated by thirds, fifths or what not
in srlahine's chromatic scale,- which
is truly chromatic in more senses than
one. The colors of the spectrum on
fflr in nitih much like musical tones,
the red being lowest and the violet
highest, but the vmrauons wmcn cause
the pitch exist in the ether Instead of
the air. Below the red and above the
violet there are "invisible colors."
The range of the eye is limited nice
that nr thu ear. Just as there are
sounds too low and too high in pitch
for us to hear so there are colors too
slow and too rapid of vibration for us
to see. The correspondence is star-
tlingly complete, but there are aimcui
tta in thA xcn v of working: it out in
concerts. The eye is more subtle than
the ear, but it is not se sensitive to
changes. We can detect differences
nt .ninr mnrh more minute than the
smallest audible variations of pitch,
but the eye must nave aounua.ni
i.imiFn in u-nlh tn exercise its dis
criminative power. The retina retains
a color a great deal longer man um
oa.. mtninci sound imDression. We
can therefore appreciate a rapid suc
cession of notes with exquisite ac
curacy, while an equally rapia suc
..Beinn nf ivilors tw o 1 1 1 1 i Droduce noth
ing but a confused blur. ' Very likely
Scriabine has thought ot some way to
overcome this difficulty. Perhaps it
can be done by piaying all music much
slower than common.
On the other hand,, the eye recog-nt-raa
a rnntinuous scale of colors.
while tha musical scale is markedly
discontinuous, ordinary people ioi
nvc thA chromatic scale with fair ac
curacy, but they cannot detect smaller
Intervals. Patti could near ana sing
interval... of a Quarter tone, and so, we
suppose, other great .vocalists can, but
even quarter tones are comparauveiy
long Jumps. The eye counts ethereal
herine billions to the
second and takes exact -note of the
slightest changes in the rate. Thus
each organ has its perfections anu
faults, but the ear la decidedly the
coarser of the two. Perhaps that is
the reason why it has produced a
nnnni-ip art whll color harmonies are
appreciated as yet only by the chosen
few. Should ScriaDine overcome me
difficulties BUxroundinaT bis invention
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, FRIDAY, MABCn 26, 1915-
he may render all the beauties of
music visible in color and thus double
the available quantity of human en
joyment. OCR DILEMMA.
It Is not uncommon for The Orego
nian to receive offensive letters from
citizens who disagree with its policies
or methods, or with some of them.
Today we hear from the neutral sym
pathizer with the allies that the de
clared impartiality of The Oresonian
is a delusion and a sham; . yes
terday we had it hot from the
pen of the neutral partisan of
the Germans that the columns of
this paper are controlled by the "Lon
don lie factory." Every day or two
some Indignant - friend ; of William
Jennings Bryan complains that we are
unfair to that peripatetic statesman,
who is the "greatest. Secretary of
State" the Nation has ever had, while
the same mail is likely to bring a com
munication from the original gold
standard man in the forks of the San
tiam, pointing out that free silver and
fiat money and populism are still dan
gerous and that The Oregonian has
departed from its ancient standards.
But quite the most unique of all
recent offerings is a broadside against
the 11,250,000 Multnomah County
bond Issue from a Silurian who is
buried in the moss of his own vege
tating inertia, accompanied by the
The inclosed is sent for publication. If
the Oregonian is subsidised in the matter
of the road bond Issue I of course do not
ezpeot to see It printed in -your paper. If
so, return it.
Stamps are enclosed, so that the
trap for The Oregonian is quite com
plete. If we publish it, we can keep
the stamps and show our high immu
nity from the wiles of the bad men
who are spending their money to put
over the bond issue. Teon, Benson,
et id omne genus, doubtless. If we
send it back, It Is nothing but sheer
On mature reflection, we have de
cided on a middle way out. We shall
keep the stamps, and send the com
munication into the yawning waste
basket, where it belongs. Though,
doubtless, we shall find that a just
retribution is visited on our cowering
head, for the contributor who wasted
his abundant time and scanty brains
on the anti-bonding jeremiad doubt
less kept a copy and he is of the kind
who knows the way to the office of
some other newspaper which will
eagerly welcome the opportunity to
publish to its little world something
The Oregonian "refused to print."
ITALY'S POSSIBLE PART IX WAR.
Italy appears to await only the op
portune time to join the allies in war
against Austria in particular and in
cidentally against Germany and Tur
key. Ever since the fateful August 1
she has been arming and negotiating
simultaneously. There was at no
time reasonable hope that she would
gain even a part of her desires by
If Italy goes to ttar, she will ad
natintini nnnimtions as her
Justification. Trent, Trieste, Istria
and the Dalmatian Islands were
Italian until Napoleon gave them to
Austria as the price of an alliance.
They are still mainly Italian in race and
language. Three-fourths of the pop
ulation of Trieste, half that of Flume,
are Italian, though seaports naturally
attract nennln of the ruling nation.
Since the close of the war for Italian
unity this territory has been Known
as Italia Irredenta .(Unredeemed
Italy) and there has been constant
agitation for its redemption. In 1866
Garibaldi led his victorious volunteers
tntn Trent while the main army en
tered Venetia, but the advance was
stopped by news of an armistice be
tween Prussia and Austria, -i ne latter
rnti-ir -rlrl Venetia. but'held Tren-
tino and the rest of the Northern and
Eastern Adriatic coast, wnicn naa
been part of Venice for a thousand
Italy contends that she sacriricea n
n-r-t ir her riehtful territory and
joined the triple alliance in order to
maintain peace and the balance of
power. Austria has rewarded her by
discrimination against Italian subjects.
Austria, Italy contends, disturDea tne
year before the Archduke Franz Fer
ntnanri wis murdered. Italy was
sounded by Austria as to whether she
would stand by the Hapsburg mon
archy in an attack on Serbia.- Italy
replied that she would not aid Austria
in an offensive war, being bound by
the alliance to aid only in defense,
unit, therefore considers herself ab-
serve's, which have been called out, in-
and free to use the opportunity to
obtain what she regards as her own.
Italy has a standing army of 250,000
men, and her first and second re
serves, which have been called out, in
crease the total to over 1,000,000. The
territorial militia compose a further
reserve of a million. The infantry is
armed with the Mannlicher Carcano
magazine rifle, and the field artillery
is being equipped with the sevenry-five-millimeter
De Port gun. The new
305-miUlmetre siege gun. oi wuiuu
n,,mher haM hnfin made at Spezia, is
said to have proved at recent tests
superior to the Austrian gun ui m
on,e !. which did good service
against Liege, Antwerp and Maubeuge.
The Italian navy inciuaes
effective battleships built and building,
Toinot thirteen for Austria. It lias
twice as many cruisers, destroyers,
torpedo-boats and submarines as auj-tta-a
no vr thouch the latter country
will have a slight advantage in torpedo-boats
when those under con
struction are finished. Italy also has
good facilities for warship and arma
ment construction at Sestri Ponen, La
Focek Leghorn and Naples.
Mountains place great difficulties in
the way of an invasion across the
.v.-n frontier of ltafv in either
direction, for the way lies through
Ainin nasspx. where a small Doay ot
troops can withstand an army. The
onlv practicable route is aiong mo
railroad from Verona to Trent ar.d
.i i. Tvrnl to Innsbrueck.
Tunnels and bridges can be dynamited
and block progress., aositi
alonac this route.
has planted masked batteries to com
mand defiles and has empioyea pns-
nr wnr in disrirlnsr trenches in
Trent To euard against a sudden
attack, Italy must first occupy the
passes leading from Austria, lor ner
frontier is weakly defended, the for
tifications being out of date.
Austria might assume tne onensivo
on the eastern frontier, for three rail
piii. from Vienna and Buda Pesth
lead through the mountains te the
plains of Istria. Italy, too, is weii
supplied with railroads and highways
for a rapid advance in the direction
of Trieste and with the co-operation
of the navy might cut off the whole
peninsula of Istria An advance into
the interior of Austria would be as
difficult from this direction as through
Treat, tor one railroad from Trieste
crosses the gorge of the Isonzo Kiver
on a high stone bridge and extends
through this gorge for miles, naving
two tunnels and two viaducts in this
part of its course, and ascends from
the river bank through a series of
tunnels. Between Trieste and Kla
genfurt this road has forty-seven tun
nels and 727 bridges, Which are ob
stacles to an invader, and the Aus
trlans have fortified Malborgeth Pre
dil Pass and other points.
Italy could probably gain quicker
results at sea than on land. Her navy
might join the allies in an attack on
Pola, Trieste or Flume, where the
Austrian navy is bottled, or it might
Join the allied fleet in the attack on
the Dardanelles. Pola is Austria's
principal naval base. It stands at the
point of the Istrian peninsula, Trieste
or Flume standing at the two other
corners of the triangle. The harbor
is capable of containing the entire
navy and Is defended strongly at its
entrance and by fortifications on the
surrounding hills. It has a vast ma
rine arsenal, artillery laboratories,
powder magazines, barracks and hos
pitals. With aircraft and submarines
to keep an enemy at a distance, it is
held to be impregnable. Trieste now
rules the Adriatic commercially and
has a splendid harbor and shipyards
for building warships. Flume is the
site of a torpedo factory and of naval
The suggestion has been made that
Italy might send' an army to assist the
allies in clearing French soil of the
invnriera hut she is more likely to use
her troops where she has a direcj in
terest, xne most iiiteiy iiau "i cam
paign is to hold the Austrians in
check in Trent, while an invasion qf
Istria is undertaken, the navy at the
same time blockading the coast. Italy
might, however, detach part of her
fnri-pu tn nid Rrltain and France in
occupying the Gallipoli Peninsula with
a view to attack on ijonstanunopie.
She has a direct 'Interest in the war
on Turkey, for she would like to con
firm her claim to the Aegean Islands
seized in the Tripolitan war and to add
more to the list.
At whatever point Italy should at
tack Austria, she would impose on that
country the necessity of dividing forces
at the juncture when the attack on
the Carpathians has been renewed by
Russia with reinforcements released
by the capture of Przemysl. Can Aus
tria stand up against such odds?
"Bread or peace" placards have
made their appearance in some of the
war-swept European districts. The
people are beginning to discover that
war is not all flags and glory and the
lesson will be driven home in a few
months more. Then the cry will be
"peace and bread." The war lords
will be lucky if a breadless peace
does not bring revolution upon their
The tale from Pacific County, Wash.,
of a rural supervisor who kept three
nf hie nrlvatA hrttel nnoks on the nub
ile payroll has many parallels. We
have heara or a supervisor wnus
three daughters, six grandchildren
and four infant great-granddaughters
were all listed aa huskies and drew
regular pay. There' is more than one
reason' for our bad country roads.
The airship which attacked the
British steamer Teal had a fair chance
to show its fighting capacity. It show
ered a variety of missiles, including
steel arrows, upon The vessel for half
and hour with next to nq damage. At
this rate it will take the hostile air
craft a long time to annihilate the
If General Hugh L. Scott could have
been sent to Vienna and Berlin . last
July, he might have prevented the
war and brought about a iove feast
among the monarchs. He is the cham
pion conciliator. He might even
reconcile Roosevelt and Taft.
The halibut bank which Govern
ment officials have found off Newport
will be a perpetual source of wealth
to the state. We are only beginning
to reap the harvest of the sea They
may prove ultimately to be as rich
as those of the land.
Tf the inns of salmon license fees
should cause every town in Oregon to
imitate Marshfield and cut down ex
penses no harm would be done. Any
thing that can end extravagance in
municipal disbursements should be ac
counted a blessing.
while iTnrio Ram- disciplines Ger-
mnnv Chile fVill discipline Great
Britain for violation of neutrality.
The belligerents cannot do as they
please in our hemisphere, whatever
they do in Europe.
Tn one section of Norway at least
Oregon will be considered a great
oonntrv when the mother of a young
man receives regularly the pension
money awarded by the Accident com
mission. With tha new woman taking a hand
In .Tunanese elections, how long will
it be before 'we see Japanese suf
fragettes pulling Count Okuma's hon
Tt m la-tit he as well to take stock
of our food supply and make sure
that we have enough to last till har
vest. Otherwise we might have to
eat war bread.
Tt is jciemificant that Great Britain
no longer worries . lest copper con
signed to Italy should reach Germany,
and that Italy gets all the copper she
The man disposed to eat all- the
bread on the plate at the restaurant
table should consider the 2,500,000
Belgians soon to be in the bread line.
At Inst 'we are to have the real fight
In Mexico. Those we have heard about
for the last several years were only
preliminary four-round goes.
Maxine Elliott's charms when on her
merciful mission to the war zone
will be more powerful than they were
on the stage.
Shnwinn- no annreciable ill effect of
orange day last week, California would
have the world eat ripe olives next
Greece and Bulgaria would each
like to pounce on Turkey,- but each
fears a flank attack from the other.
The proposed campaign against rats
is for the good of the city, but, mean
time, swat the early fly.' ,
Ttie nnnniatlnn nf Indiana is divided
into two classes novelists and elec
tion repeaters. ;
We may have the auditorium ready
for the next Elks' convention.
MARMORA VREAT SEA OF PASSAGE.
Nature Genrrona in Defenaes) of Tnrk-
lah Sfceet of Water.
A statement Jay the National Geo
graphic Society with reference to the
Sea of Marmora, which is the connect
ing link between the Dardanelles and
the Bosphorus. says:
With the strongest fleet ever as
sembled for battle reported fighting its
way through the Dardanelles toward
the Sea of Marmora, this quiet Turkish
sheet of water suddenly has taken on
a thrilling world-importance, for its
area may soon witness the last scene
of the mighty struggle of centuries for
the preservation of Europe from the
narcotic effects of eastern aggression.
Nature has been more than generous
in her provisions for guarding this sea
between Asia and Europe against hos
tile power. The Bosphorus, its ap
proach from the Black Sea on the
north, is a deep, water-filled, twisting
valley, whose surface almost all the
way is at the mercy of the enclosing
mountain heights. In the south, the
Dardanelles, while of greater breadth
than the Bosphorus, form an easily de
fended channel, 47 miles long, and com
manded by its shore heights. -
Marmora Sea is a wonderful amphi
theater for a modern naval struggle.
An- elliptical bowl of bluest water, it
is enclosed by a hilly shoreline, which
is bold and steep upon the Asiatic side.
From east to west the sea Is 175 miles
long, while its extreme width is about
60 miles. It has an area of 4,500 square
Constantinople, the -objective of the
invading fleets, lies tucked away near
the northernmost point of Marmora, at
the opening of the Bosphorus outlet.
In the west and south are several con
siderable islands, of which the largest,
Marmora has been famous for its ala
baster and marbles since the days of
Grecian sculptural and architectural
The Sea of Marmora Is the most fa
mous and important sea of passage in
the world. Behind its waters, along
the northern shore of the Black Sea,
are the most fertile and favored prov
inces of the Russian Empire, Russia's
granary; while on the eastern Black
S6a coast lies Russia's greatest oil
port and her famous oil-bearing hin
terland. This Turk-domlnated sea is
the most important avenue of Central
Asia's raw materials western trans
port and of the West's manufactures
for consumption in the Central East.
DATA OJT COLUMBIA RIVER RAPIDS.
From Oknnaa-on River to Month of Co
lumbia Are 45 Falls.
PORTLAND.' March 25. (To the Edi
tor.) Being desirous of obtaining in
formation regarding the Columbia
River and also being unable to obtain
same from local sources. I am writ'.ng
you. as I notice you carry an Informa
tion column in your paper, which, let
me say, is quite beneficial in more
wavs than one.
The number of rapids in the Colum
bia River from the Okanagon River
in Washington to the ocean.
The location of each, and relative
distance of portage.
Are there any falls at Chelan Falls,
Washington? If so how high? .
There are about 45 rapids between
Okanagon River and the mouth of the
Columbia River. The principal ones are
as follows, with distance from the
mouth of the river:
Entiat Rapids, 484 miles; Rock Island
Rapids, 452 miles; Cabinet Rapids. 447
miles; Priest Rapids, 400 miles; Uma
tilla Rapids, 294 miles; Squally Hook
Rapids. 233 miles; John Day Rapids,
217 miles; Celilo Falls. 200 miles; The
Dalles or Five-Mile Rapids, 192 miles;
Cascades, 144 miles.
Canal and locks are constructed
around the Cascades and The Dalles
All the other rapids are navigable
for high-power boats, except Priest
iRapids, which are about 8 miles long.
Chelan River is about two and one
half miles long1 and it connects Chelan
Lake with the Columbia River. It has
a fall- of about 250 feet in the total
Mary's Age and Aaa'a.
STEILACOOM, Wash., March 25. (To
the Editor.) Here is a solution for
W. P. L's problem of March 19, which
was: When Mary was Ann's age Ann's
age was 1-7 of what Mary's age is now;
When Ann. reaches Mary's present age
the sum of their ages will be 61 years.
How old are the girls?
Let X equal Mary's age, the greater.
Let T equal Ann's age, the less, and
the difference of their ages is (X minus
Then Y minus X plus Y equals X
over 7 and X plus X minus Y plus Y
plus X minus Y equals 61.
Uniting similar terms, transposing
the above equations they become:
Minus 8X plus 14Y equals 0.
SX minus Y equals 51.
Multiplying the second equation by
14 and adding the unequal terms the
value of X is found to be 21, then sub
stitute the value of X in one of the
given equations the value of Y is found
to be 12.
Ans. Mary's age, 21; Ann's age. 13.
PORTLAND, March 24. (To the Edi
tor.) I herewith inclose solution to
problem. How Old Is Ann? ,
When Mary was as old as Anna. Is
now, Ann's age was 1-7 of Mary's
present age. How old is Ann, their
combined ages being 51 years?
Let X equal Ann's present age and
let Y equal time that has elapsed since
Mary was X years old; then 2X plus
Y equals 51, equals their combined
ages; also Y plus X divided by 7
7Y plus X plus Y equals 7X.
SY equals 6X minus 4Y equals 3X
minus Y equals 3X divided by 4.
2X plus Y equals 51. .
2X plus Y equals 2X equals 11X
divided by 4 equals 51.
X equals 18 6-11 equals Ann's pres
Y equals 13 10-11 minus X plus Y
equals 32 5-11 equals Mary's present
age. r ' HARRY CUMMINOa
ONE MAD COW'S MILK HARMLESS
Reader, After Experience 7-1 Years Ago,
Reassures Family Near Baker.
JUNCTION CITY, Wash., March 25.
(To the Editor.) I notice a dispatch
in The Oregonian March 21. from Ba
ker, Or., telling of a baby who had
been fed milk from a mad cow. For
the relief of the minds of the parent I
will say that 74 years ago I had a sim
ilar experience. I played with the
family dog until he ran away and was
killed after biting everything with
which he came in contact. Including
cows, pigs, sheep and goats. I used
the milk of the cow. I was an infant
and ray mother did not know the cow
had been bitten by the mad dog. Fin
ally the cow had to be killed. How
ever, I never experienced any bad ef
fects from it and feel safe after 74
years. I hope the other infant will not
and do not believe it will.
' Tank Pressure Problem.
RICKREALL, Or.. March 23. (To
the Editor.) I have two tanks filled
with water; one is four feet high and
10 feet wide, the other is four feet
wide and one foot high. Which tank
hao Vto mnpA npitoEiirp esnpciallv side
pressure? SUBSCRIBE., f
PROHIBITORY LAW I.CONSISTE.T
Mr. Glawrt Declares It Iaallaea Worn
Klement Than Opes Saloon.
. PORTLAND, .March 2S. (To the Edi
tor.) I see that R. P. Hutton, superin
tendent of the Anti-Saloon League of
Oregon, is quoted as having said in a
church on Sunday: "The liquor men are
preparing to discredit the prohibition
law of Oregon."
That statement is false. The liquor
men of Oregon are preparing to retire
from the business. However. It Is not
necessary for anyone to discredit the
so-called prohibitory law of this state.
That law was discredited by the
Anti-Saloon League when it was drawn,
because every precaution was taken to
insure its failure as a prohibitory
measure. The prohibitory law of Ore
iron like the law in all other so-called
prohibitory states, was drawn by the
Anti-Saloon League and its defects
cannot be charged against the liquor
When your so-called prohibitory
measure goes Into effect it will destroy
millions in private properties: It will
close some of Portland's chief indus
tries; it will ruin some of Portland's
most progressive citizens; It will throw
thousands out of employment; It will
deprive the state and the municipality
nf a larse and much-needed revenue.
and It will keep thousands of tourists
from visiting this beautiful city, but
it will give everyone the legal right
to order as much liquor as they can
use. and It will Invite the mail-order
liquor dealers to ship their cheap whis
kies to your citizens without any per
mit and without any tax.
The" Anti-Saloon League has never
advocated a law, but on the contrary,
has oDnosed every law that prevented
the shipment of liquor from "wet" to
"dry" states and by Insisting upon the
drinker having his liquor it has built
up in the army or bootleggers a crimi
nal class of gigantic proportions.
Liauor shipped by a mall-order house.
if used to excess, will intoxicate as
surely as liquor purchased from a local
merchant and where is your prohibition
If you merely turn the business over to
a new, but most active, class oi oeai
ers? If the people of'Oregon want prohi
bition, they can easily have It by pro
hibiting -not merely the manufacture
and sale, but the shipment Into the
state fa any purpose whatever.
Such a law would permit the Webb
Kenyon act to become operative and
gain the co-operation of the United
States Government. Such an act would
mean prohibition, whereas, your pres
ent law means a flood of cheap whisky.
Will Mr. Hutton openly favor such
an act? If he will, I, as president of
the National Model License, will gladly
sign his petition. I am fighting for the
regulation of the liquor traffic. I am
fighting for the lawablding brewer, dis
tiller and dealer.
I contend that-llquor Is either a bless
In or a curse. If a blessing, its sale
should be regulated: If a curse. It
should be stamped out as ruthlessly as
we would stamp out the germs of the
Under the farce adopted in Oregon,
the people, following Mr. Hutton. will
destroy the lawful, license-paying man
ufacturer and dealer, but they will
legalize that element in the liquor trade
known as the mall-order element,
which does only an interstate business,
dealing direct with the consumer and
the bootlegger supplying the cheap
est of whisky and beer and selling -at
prices and In quantities that Insure an
If Mr. Hutton wants prohibition to
prohibit in Oregon, then he must ask
for an amendment prohibiting the ship
ment into the state for personal use.
Will he do it?
T. M. GILMORE,
Pres. National Model License League.
O life! how brief thy Joyous hour!
How soon the frowns of Winter lower
The fleeting moments onward fly.
Like clouds upon an April sky.
A little while in childish fun
We romp beneath a Summer sun.
A little while the youthful bloom
Shines softly on a world of gloom.
Then frowning shadows lap the stage
We stagger on our pilgrimage.
Launched upon an ocean wide.
Borne by a resistless tide,
We. hear the mighty surges roar,
Thus, O life! our fragile bark
Moves onward toward the outer dark,
The while upon a world of dreams
The waning moon In pallid beams
Seems weeping o'er a vanished day
Of Joys receding far away.
Of Joys that were, O precious hour!
To love, be loved, to feel the power,
To know the clinging hopes and fears.
To feel the warm, sweet rush of tears.
In after years, O, how we -cling
To those sweet memories of Spring,
When brightly beamed the morning
And age, dread ghost, was still afar.
"Philosophize," the sages say.
Yet weep they, too, for bonnle May.
i HUB no uie uuweiB vi iuio nuui
The flush of life's sweet dewy morn:
1 nus naa iui o niuuij ' -
To mortal eye a glimpse of heaven.
Behold In yon sweet maiden's eyes
Is caught a gleam of paradise.
. , , i U . I a nt life
And IUVC IS ,l mcia " -' '
All else is weariness and strife.
Wltn Dealing neans we emuu aw uj
Before the sun's declining ray.
In fond regret we breathe a song
As fancy lightly roves among
Remembered scenes of sweet delight.
Dewy eves and starlit nights;
In loving tones we softly sing
In memory of youth and Spring,
Then far away a voice we hear.
The walling song of yesteryear.
Leaf by'leaf the roses fall.
Sweet mias ot yesteraay.
Till beauty's charm beyond recall
In tears dissolves away.
We view them thus with tender eye.
When rings tne curiew oen,
A sobbing voice Is heard to cry,
"Farewell, dear heart, farewell."
Thus. O life! thy darling charm,
The violet scent oi waj,
Soon merges into Summer warm.
Then Autumn's cooler ray.
The snow of age now grips the form
Where beauty loved to dwell.
We bow at last before the storm.
Farewell, dear heart, farewell.
George H. Sands.
Claim For Bark Waaea.
RAYMOND, Wash., March 25. (To
the Editor.) Can you please tell me
if a manufacturing concern, owing
three montna, oaca -p. - ll- "
workers, goes Into the hands of a re
ceiver, would the worker get all the
wages he had coming, or would he have
to take so mucn on nit
put in a claim before they went into
the hands of a receiver would that do
any good? OLD SUBSCRIBER.
A labor lien is a preferred claim.
i : - ... n cr n wrtllM he DSld
lour ciim . -1 -.
with other preferred claims In full. If
, 1 . V. . mnnV tt At i t.
tne receiver uu ... -
Otherwise your claim would be paid
pro rata with other preferred claims.
Putting in a claim before the firm went
into the hands or a receiver woum .
of no benefit, as labor liens are pre
ferred claims and are paid as such.
Market Paper In Portland.
CORVALLIS. Or., March 24. (To the
Editor.) (1) Kindly advise me aa to
whether there is published in Portland
a paper devoted strictly to markets or
marketing and .if o, what name and
(2) Also, please advise if Seventh
street, that runs n&rth and south past
the Imperial Hotel, was ever or is
it now known as "Broadway?" V. O.
(1) The Commercial Review, Portland,
is devoted to grain and flour marketa
tfii iiiM bow known as Broadway.
Twenty-Five Year Ago
From The Oresonian. March 21. 1MMV
The stutement In The Oregonian yes.
terday that tho necessity for a slngH
Republican delegation to the state con
vention lest John H. Mitchell should
be defeated for the senatorshlp, exer
cised a potent Inflaence In tne aaree
ment in the Hepublican County Central
Committee has raised a general howl
along the whole line of both factions
Dlscialmera are forthcoming from the
leading and the led. Both factlonf
stoutly asseverate that war to th
knife Is the only considered pro-
. . . . i . hmh
gramme. ,,i i . piniun aiiu . ' . -'
came, forth yesterday with statement!
putting lorin meir (luniiiwnB.
Olympla Assistant Sergeant at Armi
Ehman hit Representative Brown ol
Spokane on the nose yesterday, break
ing that member at the bridge. The
blows were tha conclusion of a wordy
altercation In which Brown and Ehman
had figured during the day, Ehman re
fusing to admit Brown to his scat.
Helena. Mont. A Northern Taclflo
train was derailed at Naxon. six mile
from the Idnho line yesterday. The
following were Injured: A Crockett,
of Helena; Mrs. S. H. Cox, of North
Yakima, Wash.; Mrs. Llllle Davis, ot
Seattle; J. W. Weedom. of Dayton.
Wash.; J. P. Zahn, of Mount Vernon,
Wash.; and J. H. Richards, of Rundall,
Michael Dnvltt will go to Liverpool
to help the dock strikers.
Hon. W. J. Snodgrasa of La Grande.
Is in the city and reports that con
tracts for 17 miles of the Union Pa
ctfio track from La Grande to Elgin
have been sublet.
Immigration Commissioner Boyd an
nounced yesterday that he would
establish a bureau of Information for
the benefit of incoming settlers.
Louis B. Akin, the popular young
sign writer who started In business
Just a year ago today, yesterday spent
the anniversary moving to new and
larger quarters at 170 Second, between
Morrison and Yamhill streets, former
ly occupied by the Dally News.
Manager O. W. Thomas, of the West
ern Union, announces that business ha
Increased and that two additional oper
ators have taken keys at the office.
C. U. Barlow, of the firm of Clu.
Rees & Company, left last night for
Puget Sound where he will purchase a
large tract of land at a point where a
large number of railroads will termin
ate. After a month's delay the Oregon
City locks will be opened today without
fall it was officially announced yester
day. N. W. Durham haa written for The
Oregonian a lengthy article on the
rise and romance of Spokane, Wash,
giving due attention to the Import
ance of tho wonderful mining resources
Kraate Not Galltr.
PORTLAND, March 25 (To the Editor.-
I note the following remarks In
your editorial entitled "A Triple Swan
Song," appearing March 23, with refer
ent e to "Extension of Remarks" in tli.i
The answer may be given In three wordi
leave te print. Juit bflore the t:cnsrM eil
journau a member of the henate moved tiiet
members whu no desired nils'it extend tli'-lr
remarks hud have them ij.ibllshed In tii4
Record; a member of the Hou of Koprn
entaiives did the same and such leave wej
You are mistaken in your statement
that a member of the Senate, securcl
such permission. Fortunately the Sun
ate has greater regard fjr economy In
public printing than the House because
It Is not perniifslhle under the rules for
a Senator to extend his remarks In tho
Kecord. Reports of proceedings In tho
Senate are of addresses actually d
livered and remarks made In tlcb.tti.
It would be most commendable If tha
House would- have the good aense o
amend Its rules In accordance with
those of the Senate In this particular,
thus reducing the bulk of the Record,
effecting greater economy in publio
printing and limiting the abuse nf tlu
franking privilege. G. L M.
Dower anal Carreer.
PORTLAND, March 26. (To the Edi
tor.) In The Oregonian. March J. you
published on the editorial page an" ar
ticle headed "Property Rights." In this
article you asserted that if a married
woman dies leaving husband and chll
dren the husband haa a right to all her
property during his life. I am Inter
ested in this law and would like to
know when It was passed. My attorney
advises me that the husband has a
bight to half the property only. Please
publish sufflcent Information to allow
me to look up the law for myself.
O. M. O.
Better accept the advice of a lawyer.'
Thai Is what The Oregonian does. In
this instance the advice was given cor
rectly but a blunder was made In tran
scribing it. Tha question Is one which
The Oregonian answers accurately on
an average of about once a week. We
are pained to observe from tha protestt
of O. M. O Marlon B. Towne and numer
ous others who have written or called
or telephoned that an error seems to
attract more attention than accuracy.
The dower or curtesy of the surviv
ing spouse when there are children Is
the life use of one-half the property.
Mrs. Calvin's PoalMosu
CHEHALIS. Wash.. March 25 (Tn
tho Editor.) Will you please state In
your columns what position Mrs. ( ui-
vln, formerly dean of home economics,
at Oregon Agricultural College, has
now? Is It a permanent position?
X. Y. Z.
Mrs. Calvin now occupies a nswly
created position In the United State
Department of Agriculture. Her title
is "specialized In home economics." It tm
to be regarded as a permanent position.
Wpllt Inflaltlvea. '
PORTLAND, March 25 (To the Edi
tor.) Please print some examples vf
split Infinitive. JOHN SM11 H.
Some examples of split Infinitive
are: To patiently wait; o largely de
crease; to not delay; to extremely mat-
treat; etc. "To." the lg of the in
finitive, never should be eparaicu
from the verb.
Oil PalmtlBK A rti.
v . Ti T- I, . i I.' I 1 r Mnrrh !i (Td IMS
Editor.) Will ' you kindly Inorm me
l- , V. niiafllifln hlirMU Of Til
uiruupn im, -1 -
Oregonian the names of persons. Willi
their residences. In Portland who do
and teach oil painting?
Address the Museum of Art, Port
Mr, llarrlmaa' Asldre.
PARKDALE, Or., March 25 (To the
c-.rfitnr Will vou kindly give rue Mra.
E. H. Harrlman s home address?
Mrs. Harrlman's home place is tt
Ardcn, Tuxedo Park. N. Y.
Kxprrastnn and I'dneailea.
Washington (P. C.) Star.
"Education," snld Uncle Eben. "Is
what gives a. man de outrtt foh expre
sln' to de public Jes' how smaht or Jer
how fuolish ho is,"