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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 24, 1915)
VOL. LT-XO. 16,931.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, MARCH tSl, 1915.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
POWER OF ORDER
TURKS ROUTED BY
BRITISH NEAR SUEZ
FORCE UNDER GERMANS REACH
POINT CLOS-E TO CANAL.
Coherent Results Ob
tained by Germans.
MILITARISM NEWLY DEFINED
Bennett Says It Is Another
Name for Sense of Duty.
Infantry, Artillery and Cavalry
Bodies, Approximating 1000 Men,
March 12 Days to Defeat.
616 SHIPMENT IS WAITING
( MENIAL TASK NOT SCORNED
.Ever j Individual Proud of Work He
1 s Dot ng Low icz Hi on s Sign:
of Wear But Is Being Re
stored by Captors.
BT JAMES O'DONNELL BENNETT.
(War correspondent of the Chicago Tribune.
Copyright, laj.t. by the Chicago Tribune.
Published by arrangement.)
LOWICZ, Russia, Keb. 21. Night had
fallen, and it was bitter cold when we
"Shall we find quarters in the ho
tel? I asked lieutenant Max von Wo
jau, the tame sapient Von Wogau who
bad given me the advice about never
entering the kitchen of .a Folish-Kus
At tho question he silently pointed
across the square to the principal hotel
of the town. Half its roof had been
blown away, and there was not a whole
pane of glass in the building. The most
conspicuous thing left of it was that
portion of the front wall lettered with
the words, "Hotel PolskL"
JteaultM Traduced la Delirium.
Business was emphatically suspended
a.t the Hotel Polski. Ho. too. it was
at the railway station, which was a
But everywhere else Lowicz was
active to the point of delirium, yet a
curious kind of delirium that produced
extraordinarily coherent results.
The town was a sea of mud beneath,
with a canopy of cold above. From un
expected places long, white shafts of
light swept out upon the wayfarer,
striking him with the blinding effect
of a blow. From every direction came
ceaselessly the rumble of wagon trains,
booting of horns, yells of command,
and the shrill anxious whistle of Ger
In the freight yards the clamor be
came pandemonium. Trains laden with
everything an army could want, from
cannon to llsterlne, were .backing In,
sergeants, serving as switchmen and
the first assistant to the intendant of
a royal theater acting as . station
MhtIhI Tasks Well !.
Autos were rushing outward-bound
to the battle lines at Bollmow and
Skiernlewie and rushing back from
these points. K very body was cold and
hungry ami tired, but everybody from!
the sergeant-switch-man to the the- j
atrical manager, whom war has made i
a- station manager, was desperately in
tent on getting hiti special task dis
patched in a workmanlike way.
Jn times past foreign observers have
written of the German army as merely
a big machine, the parts of which were
deficient in originating power. But I
never saw a more highly individualized
organization, and it is so partly be
cause the sense of individuar respon
sibility Is so great.
As the a ut os came roaring up to thfe
freight jards all the chauffeurs were
shouting for bensoL The new gates of
the yard, lately made by German car
penters, swung wide for them, and they
hurried to tank cars indicated by large
wooden signs bearing the words:
Labor and Shipping Situation
in Progreso Improves.
LONDON, March 23. A statement waa
given out by the official press bureau
tonight telling of a defeat inflicted on
a Turkish force operating against the
Egyptian town of Suez. The statement
"On the 22d at dawn one of our
patrols discovered a party of the enemy
near El Kubri Post, opposite Suez.
Shots were exchanged.
"Aeroplanes estimated the number at
about 1000, composed of Infantry, ar
tillery and a few cavalry.
"The guns at El Kubri opened fire
and inflicted casualties, whereupon the
enemy retired and formed a camp
eight miles east of the Suez Cam Utuqia O J a
"Erlv thl mnrnltir. the 23d. a SlAV?''',
under General Sir G.'Younghusband at
tacked and routed the enemy, who is
now in full retreat.
"A prisoner says this force came di.
rect from Bir el Saba, having; taken 12
days en route, and that General von
Traumer and three pther German offi
cers were with it."
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
Daniels Promises to Aid
BRYAN pypocsSES "HOPE
ROBERT DAVIS CAPTURED
Alleged forger Held at, Eugene Be
lieved to Be Wanted Ilerc.
EUGENE, Or.. March 2.1 (Special.)
Robert Davis, a well-dressed young
man, was arrested tonight as he
stepped off a Southern Pacific train.
He is charged with fonging a check for
more than 600 in Ohiuo, Cal. The
Chico police telegraphed a description
to J. C. Parker, Lane County Sheriff,
just in time to make the arrest as the
Theodore Thiel, alias R. S. Davis,
who is believed to be the man arrested
at Eugene, is the man who stole an
automobile owned by J. C. Stevens, of
the Spalding building, from Fourth and
Pine streets, on January 8, according to
members of the city detective bureau.
The man is said to have jumped
(5000 ball bond after being arrest
ed for the crime in San Francisco. Air.
Stevens went to San Francisco to prose
cute- him but he had escaped.
Zapata's JJcsrets for Killing of
American ill Capital Received
Caranza's Forces Entrenched
as Viliista's Draw Near.
BAKER EXPECTS AUTOISTS
Thousands Inquire About Highway
Routes to Exposition. '
BAKER, Or., March 23. Special.)
That at least 3000 automobile parties
will pass .through Baker this Summer
either going or coming from the San
Francisco and San Diego fairs was the
assertion today of A. H. Moore, of the
Portland Automobile Club, who came
here to interest the Baker Commercial
Club in the club's road guide.
Mr. Moore said that he has received
8000 inquiries from automobilists in
the East and an effort is being made
to route them over the Lincoln High
way for at least half of their trip.
The Baker Commercial -Club today
voted (100 toward the project.
: TANKSTEI.LE OES E. K. P. U. :
Somebody else was clamoring for the
Troubles dutrkly Over.
A white shaft from A searchlight
swung out in front of the inquirer be
fore he had finished his question, and
descended on a big F (standing for
I'ernsprecher) set on a post 600 feet up
the road. .
So that man's troubles were over.
Another man wanted a cow.
A soldier led one out to him from
tiie cattle stalls in the freight yards.
All this time frantic horses were
plunging, lights were flashing, engines
were backing, railway gates that guard
the road were rising and descending,
and ambulances laden with wounded
were gently maneuvered over the
On a dozen occasions by night and
by day, I have watched this kind of
thing with fascinated eyes for an hour
at a time and I never could see why
the whole business did not blow up.
But no! Tte signs were up, the men
so passionately intent upon duty were
there, and. so behind the clamor was
system, end amid the rush was order.
Thra Mucins Begin.
A few cries of "Links" and "Rectus,''
and a few peremptory "Halts," and the
fliole thing disentangled itself, tne
loaded wagons moving forward In an
unbroken line, and the empties bound
ing over the tracks to the various sup
pi depots, every one of which had
been accurately indicated on newly de
tuned maps issued to the soldiers.
:- l o'clock everybody was fed and
sxisned to his quarters, and the sing
ing had begun.
The tme system I have seen work
ing from end to end of Belgium and
nrross northeastern Franca, and every
iCuucluded on. 1'are .)
TALY FORTIFIES ISLANDS
Large Caliber (itins Placed, .Muni
tions Taken to Aegean Sea.
LONDON. March 23. Telegraphing
from ia!oniki, the Daily Mail's corre
"The tlaJians are fortifying the
Dodekanese Islands, formerly the Turk
ish Sporades, in the Aegean Sea, with
heavy caliber guns, and numerous
steamers are said to be taking muni
The Dodekanese Islands, better known
as the Islands of the "White Sea, lie off
the southern part of the west coast of
Aia Minor. The principal islands are
Stampalia, Leros, Patmos, Nikaria and
INSANE DESPERADOES FREE
Wooden and Tin Keys Vted to Es
cape Illinois Prison.
"CHESTER, 111.. . March 23. Three
murderers and a highwayman es
caped from the state hospital for the
criminal insane here last night and
have not beer recaptured, it became
known tonight. x
The men made a key from a tin to
bacco box with which they unlocked
their cell doors. AVtih another key
carved from wood they opened the lock
on the outside corridor door.
WASHINGTON, March 23. An Amer
ican warship will take to Yucatan
money to finance the movement of
Mexico's sisal hemp crop, needed to
make twine for binding the enormous
wheat crop made by farmers of the
United States this year. The money
$625,000 in currency, which manufactur
ers propose to advance to the hemp
growers is in bank vaults at Galves
ton, Tex., but until today no safe means
of getting it to Mexico had been found.
Secretary Daniels agreed to permit
the use of a warship for the purpose,
i-after hearing a statement by Edward
C. Heidrich, Jr., of Peoria, 111., repre
senting the sisal purchasers, who out
lined the difficulties that had been en
countered. It is probable that a gun
boat or destroyer now in Southern
waters will be sent to Galveston to
transport the money.
1,2T0,000 Bales of Sisal Ready.
There are said to be some 250,000
bales of sisal ready for shipment at
Progresso, the port, and Merida, the
railway center of Yucatan. Since the
United States Government prevented
Carranza from blockading Progresso I
the chief obstacles in the way of moving
this supply have been scarcity of labor
and shipping facilities.' Several ships
are now awaiting cargoes, however,
and the labor situation is improving,
according to reports to the State De
partment. Arrival of the American
money is expected to result in immedi
ate further improvement.
Discussing the Mexican situation
generally today. Secretary Bryan com
mented on conditions with a reiteration
of the declaration that recognition of
any faction had not been considered by
this Government. He spoke hopefully
of the plans to insure transportation
of sisal and announced receipt of an
official expression of regret by the Za
pata government for the murder of an
American citizen, John B. McManus, in
Concerning conditions in the Mexican
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 70.
degrees; minimum, 48.8 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; westerly winds.
Starved army of Przemysl number more than
ll&.OOO. Page i
Constantinople guarded by six army corps
and populace is calm. Page 2.
Turkish force is routed near Suez. Page 1.
Power of orderly option demonstrated by
Germans in Poland. Page 1.
Woman correspondent braves torpedoes in
, quest for news. Page 3.
American i,arrhips will carry cash to Mexico
to buy sisal. .Page l.
United States moves toward legal confisca
tlon of German vessel that tried to leave
Porto Rico harbor without clearing.
Indiana judge and Sheriff arrested for wit.
neds-tamperiag In election case. Page 5.
Railroads plead for more revenue from coal
traffic Page 0.
Vioe-President Marshall says Americans are
greatest flunkeys and lackeys in woria.
Northwestern League pitchers are showing
"class", at Beaver camp. Page 12.
Vancouver picked to win hockey series on
showing of last night. Page 12.
Evan Evans objects to trade and loses chance
to go Federal League, fage i.
' Pacific Northwest.
Governor Lister ridicules talk of economy In
Washington Legislature, page 6L
Ballot titles for proposed constitutional
amendments chosen. Page 6.
Legal bar to erection of auditorium at Port
land is removed. Page 0.
Three runaway girls from Salem Industrial
Home caught with Foruana men ai
Oregon City. Page o.
Commercial and Marine.
Future of coast hop market is uncertain.
Hessian fly reports lead to advance in wheat
ut Chicago. Page 27.
Boom In Wall street stqka with sales larg
est of year. Page 17.
Chamber and port bodies will confer today
on towage change. Page 14.
Portland and Vicinity.
Witnesses aver Tom R. Sheridan, ex-head of
bank at Roseburg, used their funds with
out authority, page 13.
O.W. R. & N. Company to permit unem
ployed along lines to use vacant property
free to plant gardens. Page 7.
World's record of 1H47 new members in
three hours is made by new Chamber of
Commerce. Page 1.
Men accused of cock fight hide in court
room crowd. Page 11.
Federal Bureau specialist beglus Industrial
survey of schools In state, page 1L.
Early uction on auditorium is promised in
Council by Mr. Brewster. Page 18.
I. Benson offers ?85 in prizes for grammar
school essays on road bond Issue. Page lo.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 17.
Menace of Wealth De
DANGEROUS TENDENCY NOTED
Americans Greatest Flunkeys
in World, Says Speaker.
Tuesdays War Moves
HEROES SOON DROPPED
Vice-President Cites Dewey and
Roosevelt as Instances of Fickle
ness of Public Content
ment -Life's Philosophy. -
(Concluded on Page
BULGARIA DEBATES FUTURE
King Confers With Democratic
Leader on Change of Policy. -
LONIX3N, March 24. "King Ferdi
nand of Bulgaria held a two hours' In
terview today with M. Mallnoff, the
Democratic leader." says th-: Daily
Mail's Bucharest correspondent.
'The 'subject discussed was the
forming- of a coalition cabinet in the
event of Bulgaria's departing from her
policy of neutrality. Later M. Malinoff
had a conference with Premier liado-slavoff."
Britain to Float New Loan.
LONDON. March 23. Tenders will
be received on, March 30 by the Bank
of England for six months' treasury
bills amounting to 15.000,000 (?75,
Prussia Penults English to Sue.
BERLIN, March 23 by wireless to
Sayville, N. Y. The Prussian Diet has
given permission to English subjects
now residing- in Germany to appear as
plaintiffs in cases before the court.
SAN FRANCISCO, March 23. (Spe
cial.) Warning the youth of today
against tho danger of leaning on great
wealth and urging independence i
thought, Vice - President Marshall
preached a lesson in good citizenship
to the young men and women of the
University of California today at the
Charter day exercises in the Hearst
"I do not believe there is half as
much danger for the future of the Re
public in the accumulation of great
wealth as in the mushroom growth of
the spirit of leaning on great wealth,
declared the Vice-President emphatic
ally. "It is taking the spines out of
our young men and making jellyfish of
Spirit of Flunkeylsm Deprecated,
He declared that the age had pro
duced three distinct classes of men, an
in- analyzing these he warned the ris
ing generation against the dangerou
tendencies of the times.
. Asserting that the tendencies of the
day were toward leaning on wealth,
following a leader, and even "hiring
leader as one would a lawyer," th
"We boast of our democracy, but th
American people are the greatest
flunkies and lackeys in the world."
The Vice-President's speech, replete
with advice to the young men an
women of the university, was illumi
nated with touches of the humor which
has won for the Vice-President a repu
tation for witticisms and epigrams.
People Divided Into Three Clauses.
Mr. Marshall declared that the peo
pie of today might be divided into
three distinct classes the hero wbr
shipers, who blindly followed a leader
and refused .to think for themselves
the iconoclasts, who leaned on others,
and the indifferent citizen, who thought
himself too busy to bother about things
Referring to the class of "hero wor
shipers," he scorned the practice of
suddenly dropping a newly found hero
(Concluded on Pag. 2.)
STRIKE ONE STANDS FOR A RECORD.
KAISER MOVES ART PIECES
Order Given When Frenchman Flies
Over Summer Palace.
GENEVA. Switzerland, March 23.
Via Paris. The German Emperor has
ordered the removal to Berlin of val
uable paintings and tapestries from his
mountain castle known as the Leat
koenlgsberg. on the Alsatian side of
the Vosges mountains.
French aviators recently flew over
the Imperial Summer residence, which
formerly belonged to a King of France.
17 BELGIANS EXECUTED
German Court-Martial Finds Peas
ants Guilty of Spying:.
LONDON. March 23. "Seventeen
Belgians, most of whom were young
peasants, were shot at daybreak today
in the Ghent barracks.
"They "were found guilty by a Ger
man court-martial or espionage in tne
interest of the allies," sajg a dispatch
to the Exchange Telegraph Company
j. -- jx j
THE size of the garrison at Przemysl
and the number of men who surren
dered to tho Russians greatly exceed
all- estimates. According to dispatches
received from Petrograd last night, the
garrison originally consisted of 170,
000 men. of whom 40,000 were killed.
Just under 120,000 surrendered when
the fortress capitulated.
Owing to the blizzard, which is Inter
fering with the telegraphic service, no
details of the surrender are coming
through, but Lemberg reports that for
seven days prior to the fall of the fort
ress the people of the town had nothing
to eat, and the Russians, who took in
large supplies of provisions, were' wel
comed as liberators.
Dispatches from the same place say
that 15,000 persons were found suf
fering from typhus or cholera, and that
the work of disinfecting the place Is
being undertaken energetically. The
interior forts. It' Is said, were found
intact, with a good deal of ammunition
Everywhere In Euope, both In bel
ligerent and neutral countries, the
greatest credit is given the Austrians
for their long and .stubborn resistance,
which has greatly delayed and Inter
fered with the Russian campaign In
1647 JOIN UNITED
CLUBS IN 3 HOURS
Portland Sets World's
Record in Campaign.
Now that the Russians, whose num
bers, like those of the Austrians, must
have been greater than was heretofore
understood, are no longer under obliga
tion to Invest this fortress, a big move
ment either against Cracow or In the
Carpathians doubtless will be Inaug
urated. With their northern lines pro
tected by the morass Into which the
greater part of Poland Is converted
during the Spring months, the Rus
sians are expected to throw all their
strength against tho Austrians and at
tempt finally to crush them.
One British military critic goes so
far as to stake his reputation on the
prophecy that Cracow will fall within
the next month, and that when it does,
or before, Austria will endeavor to
conclude a separate peace. He Is
more optimistic than tho majority of
military critics here, who are cf the
opinion that Austrians and Gormans
will likewise make a great effort In
the southern Held and attempt to pre
vent the Russians from crossing the
Carpathians or reaching Cracow.
SPOKANE FIGURE BEATEN 100
New Chamber of Commerce'
Starts With Rush. .
77 SUB-COMMITTEES WORK
Membership Body of 350 Wild Mith
Cnthusias-ni as Report Is Made.
Hoiks Is 3000 In 1 Iajs E.
G. Crawford's AVorkcrs Icad.
Along the western front there have
been a few attacks and counter at
tacks, but nothing that in this war of
big battles causes more than passing
The lull In the Dardanelles con
tinues, owing to the unfavorable
weather, which the allies are taking
advantage of to effect repairs on the
Gaulois, Inflexible and other vessels
which suffered in the last bombardment.
Reports as to the effect of the big
gun fire on the forts are contradictory,
but one explanation of the fact that fir
ing was continued from the land after
the forts were presumably destroyed Is
that the Germans had brought down
howitzers which were moved from place
to place on rails.
The Turks have made another attack
on the buez Canal. A small force
which crossed Sinai from Bier El Sana,
having been observed opposite Suez on
Monday, the guns of the fortress
opened on them. The Turks, who num
bered 1000 and were accompanied by
three German officers, retired about
eight miles, where they were yesterday
attacked by. a force under General
Younghusband and, according to the
British official account, were routed.
AMERICAN MINISTERS HELP
Benefits Obtained for Enemy Alien
In Belgian, and Serbia.
LONDON, March 23. Through the
kind offices of the American Minister
of Brussels. Brand Whitlock. tho Brit
ish Foreign Office announced tonight.
permission has been obtained from the
German authorities for British women
and children to leave Belgium.
A. special train will convey thrm
from Brussels to the Dutch frontier.
NISH. Serbia, via London, March 23.
-Through the intermediation of the
American Minister to Serbia, Charles
Vopicka, Serbia and Auatrla-Hun
gary have reached an agreement for
the exchange of interned civilians.
These include men und.er 18 years old
nd more than 60 and all women and
soldiers incapable of further military
ervice because of aickness or wounds.
DUFUR v TICKET SELECTED
Nominations for April 5 Election
Made by Citizens' Caucus.
DUFUR. Or., March 23. (Special.)
At the citizens' caucus held last night
the following were placed In nomina
tion to be. voted upon at the annual
municipal election to be held April 5:
For Mayor, Charles H. Stoughton; Re
corder, Edith . Douglas; Treasurer,
LIdsey B. Thomas; Councilmen, James
W. Moore and William N. Evans;
Water Commissioners, Hiram C. Dodds
and Thomas W. Glavey.
The caucus was the largest In the
istory of the city.
GERMAN PRISONERS DROWN
Men on Channel Island Swept Into
Sea by Storm.
BELLE ISLE EN MER. France, via
Paris, March 83. Seven German pris
oners of war were drowned here to-J
A severe storm- was raging on the
oast and they went down to the beach
to watch the breakers. They took up
pofitioti on a large oscillating rock.
The big waves started the Etone sway
ing and the men were thrown into the
Three hours' work by the member
ship committees and a report of 1S47
new memberships for the new Portland
Chamber of Commerce! .
Portland's business men and Port
land's new Chamber of Commerce
broke "the world's record on the kick
off in their membership campaign yes
terday and set a pace that surprised
even themselves. .
Sixteen hundred and forty-seven new
That beats the record set last April
In Spokane In the first day of the mem
bership campaign thero by more thsn
jflO and Spokane held the record un
to this time. The memberships In Spo
kane cost only $25. or half what they
cost In 'Portland.
It Is a better record for the flri.t day
than any two of tho great cities of the
East that have conducted such cam
paigns together have achieved.
New York's Heeerd ..
New York, the business heart of the
Western Hemisphere, accomplished only
S65 members on the first day of the
campaign when It organized Its new
St Louis brought In on the first day
of Its campaign Ji'O, which set the rec
ord until Spokane came along.
St Paul has a record of a little more
than 800 in he first day of its member
These four cities are the onea in
which the largest records were made
and most successful membership cam
paign were conducted.
It Hvas not surprising yesterday,
then, that the 350 men on the member
ship committee, when they reassem
bled at the luncheon at the Commercial
Club after the first three hours of thulr
campaign, went wild with enthusiasm
when they found that Portland had
beaten-all of the big cities of tho Kant
more than two times over.
The campaign began at 1:4.'., when
the committeemen thronged Into tlo
green room of the Commercial Cluh
with their chairmen to receive the or
ders for the day.
"Get together all together
In the new Chamber of Commeroe.
One for all All for one!"
This was the wording on the badge
that were fastened on the lapels of the
workers' coats as they entered the
Work Quickly OrganUed.
Inside E. I Thompson and his as
sistants organized the cohorts In such
form that their assignment cards
could be distributed among them and,
In an llncredibly short space of time,
350 representative men of Portland
poured out of the Commercial Club
building and came down on tho fold
of the business district like the
Assyrian of Byronlc song.
Within a few minutes after the com
mittees emerged Into the streets the
business section waa alive with hurry
ing men, with the red and white badges
of the campaign. One could not turn
in any direction, enter an elevator,
board a streetcar or go Into a busi
nesa office without finding there sev
eral of the membership committeemen
on the trail of their prey.
There were practically no vacant
chairs In the main dining-room when
the workers assembled at the lunch
eon and turned In tlielr reports.
Atmnapkere Tenae 'Wltk I'.aerar.
Every man seemed to have become
transformed In the three hours Into a
veritable dynamo of enthusiasm anil
energy, and one could feel tho atmos
phere of the room electric with excite,
ment that was cracking and snapping
and ready to burst Into thunderous
cheers and applause at the slightest
At the head of the hall a huge black
board was set. on which were displayed
the names of the chairmen of the 7
sub-committees that had participated
In the morning's work. As the lunch
eon progressed the chairmen of the
sub-committees reported the success of
their canvasses and L. A. Coddington
climbed on a chair and chalked up the
score opposite the name of the com
As each report was chalked up the
crowd cheered wildly and appeared to
get as much excitement and sport out
of the luncheon as the average mid
summer crowd In front of a baweball
scoreboard. From time to Jlme H. V.
Chase, of the Town Development
League, who is conducting the cam
paign, announced the total, and the
zeal of the workers boiled higher and
higher as the total rose.
The total Is now 1:0." bellow-d
Chase above the humming of 330 voice.
How does that compare with Cpo-
kane?" someone yelled.
"Reals it by a hundred!''
All the noise of the pi-ecodlng me-
iCcncluded on rag, 13. 1