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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 13, 1915)
a THE aiOnXIXG OREGONTAy, SATURDAY, MARCH 13, 1915.
. . . - 1 " a J ' I
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l"ORTLA'I. SATURDAY, MARCH J3, 191S
Fending possible approval or re
versal by the electorate, we shall be
loath of believe that two-thirds of the
Washington Legislature, chosen in the
beginning in a direct primary and
elected thereafter by vol of the peo
ple, is not a pretty fair Jmromcter of
public opinion in that state. This two
thirds of the Legislature has passed
over the vetoes of Governor Lister
ihrcc election bills. While there may
be doubt as to whether similar laws
would be popular in Oregon, there is
in fact nothing particularly vicious
about the measures. i-urtnermore
PUDIIC sentiment. utc nwu
over neighboring states wituout
One of the bills made law provides
for party platfonu conventions which
shall not have the right to recommend
candidates to the voters. Another
eliminates the circulation of petitions
for initiative and referendum measures
and provides that they may be signed
at numerous registration offices au
thorized or created in city and rural
vommunitics by another measure. The
third requires that recall petitions
shall be signed at registration offices.
Already is there talk of applying the
referendum to the three measures. It
w jll not surprise the student of Oregon
affairs to learn that the referendum
originates with the Democrats, organ
ized labor and the leaders of the
Grange. It Is signiticant. that in Ore
gon opposition to anything that pro
motes party harmony or restricts the
free-for-all. wide-open Initiative, ref
erendum and recall comes from the
-The platform convention, it is true,
Is Inimical to the success of a minor
ity oartv. Better promise of victory-
is offered by the privilege of bush
whacking among the majority. But it
is not harmful either to the Interests
or labor or the interests of agriculture.
It is a singular position that the latter
two organizations assume. Last year
In Washington both labor and the
Grange declared themselves as organ
izations in favor of certain proposed
direct legislation. Each had certain
policies or measures it wished to see
enacted. Each in a sense adopted a
platform. Moreover, they pooled their
Interests. The Grange supported cer
tain labor measures in return for la
bor's support of certain Grange meas
ures. It was an .advanced type, a
jjfogressive" form of logrolling, an
outgrowth of the old school of politics
where Issues were made up and can
didates chosen by traffic and trades.
The platform of a political conven
tion is primarily an indorsement of
proposed legislation and a condemna
tion of certain laws that have been
passed. The platform Is -a promise
that the party which the convention
represents will pass or repeal certain
laws or carry out some specific policy
of government. It seeks to accomplish
the Identical thing through the repre
sentative system that the Grange and
the labor unions think perfectly proper
to try to accomplish through the di- J
rect method. Yet It seems tnat tnese
organizations hold that it is right for
them to counsel and agree on govern
mental policies, but that it is not right
for political organizations to do it.
The theory can lead to but one end.
Counsel and leadership are ingrained
among the American people. If politi
cal parties are to be dismembered
through lack of means to meet In con
ference, trades parties, agricultural
parties and other parties limited In
membership to occupations and some
times meeting as secret orders will
take their place.
In respect to direct legislation and
the recall Washington Started out on
fiDflla rfiffpmnt frrtm that nrlonfer) In
Oregon. Tlnifiuid name-solicitor was
barred from activity in the beginning.
Yet one experience with the system
liemonstrated that the paid petition
shover is not the only worker addicted
to fraud. Forgeries and other abuses
were prevalent in the initiation of
"measures by volunteer circulators.
These dishonest practices aroused
resentment in that state, at least
among a large majority or men
of caliber large enough to obtain for
them election to the Legislature, al
though in .Oregon similar practices fail
to arouse a people who to correct
no worse frauds in elections and legis
lation demanded and obtained the di
rect primary, the initiative and the
referendum. Total abolishment of
the petition circulator and adoption
of what is presumed to be a fraud-
proof method are there the quick
Washington has taken quick action
on the evils tnat Oregon long nas
tolerated. Doubtless we shall submit
to them a while longer. Perhaps our
method of correction will be consist
ently to vote "no" until trfling with
direct legislation is discouraged and
abandoned. Certainly past experience
indicates that not soon will Oregon
elect a Legislature with the spunk
possessed by that which has just
closed Its labors in Washington.
It may be conceded that the deposi
tary system of obtaining signatures for
Initiated or referended bills will limit
the use of the direct legislative power.
Whether that limitation will be p6pu
lar depends entirely upon what use
the people of Washington desire to put
the initiative and referendum. If the
direct legislative principle is to be re
served as a "gun behind the door.
there cannot be pronounced objection.
If the desire is for a plaything, a
means to experiment, a handy tool
for tinkerers. the system will prove
both inadequate and unpopular.
, Viewed in the light of cold reason
It caiepot be held that the people are
grosslS- misused by the neglect or by
the lli-advlsed acts of Legislatures If
Ihry have to be begged and solicited
'to take action. A "public demand"
for laws the Legislature has failed
to enact, or a-."public demand" for
reversal of anything the Legislature
has done, is misnamed if it does not
inspire a small percentage of the
people voluntarily to bestir them
selves to the small effort of visiting a
handy depositary" to sign initiative or
referendum petitions. Better call it
an inconsequential clamor.
"I'll never go back," declared Colo
nel Rooevelt, in a speech during the
campaign of 1914. when It was sug
gested that he might return to the Re
publican party. "I am not a candi
date." is a remark attributed to ex
There is less and less talk of Roose
velt as a possible candidate before the
Republican convention of 1916. Evi
dently he is to be taken at his word.
But there is more or less of an effort
by the misguided friends of Mr. Taft
to "vindicate' him in is lb. tie is
wiser than they. Any Republican, ex
cept Taft or Roosevelt, can defeat Wil
son In 1916, unless a miracle happens
to save the Democracy. The miracle
might be a foreign war or a complete
return of general prosperity.
The candidacy of Mr. Taft would
revive in some degree me ammusiuco
of 1912. The candidacy of Mr. Roose
velt would do the same. Mr. Taft
could not get all or most of the Pro
gressives and the Republican nominee
will need them, or most of them; and
Mr. Roosevelt could not overcome the
invincible prejudice against him among
the conservative Republicans. It is
folly to think of nominating cither of
them. It is inconceivable that the Re
publican party would thus throw away
a victory otherwiso ca.sily to be won.
But the spectacle of both Roosevelt
and Taft in tho Republican ranks
would be pleasing all around.
j x rRt,rE xo rhj
A GAME WARDEN'.
The acquittal of Loris Martin, slayer
of Dcputv Game Warden Hubbard, iij
Jackson County, attain proves that
human life is the cheapest thing in
the world, except the slayer's. The
tender feeling of the whole public
toward all murderers was illustrated
last November, when the state abol
ished capital punishment: and the sen
sitive regard juries have for the right
of any man to kill his enemy is snown
bv the failure of the ordinary jury
three times out of four, to convict, if
the accused has friends and influence
Albert S. Hubbard was a game war
den, one of the best in the service of
tho state. He was shot by Martin in
the Derformanee of his duties. He had
taken venison from the cabin of Mar
tin. and was about to place him under
arrest. Martin resisted by killing
The slayer had the sympathy
strange as it may seem, of many peo
ple, with whom no doubt enforcement
of game laws is not popular. It ii
openlv declared in Jackson County,
and the charge is repeated by Game
Warden Kinley. that Sheriff Singler
and his deputies actively supported
the defense by lending their official
influence to Martin. If the charge Is
true Sheriff Singler ought to be
The sad miscarriage of justice has
led to a vigorous protest by Game
Warden Finley, who makes this an
I do not Intend to appoint another Deputy
G&me Warden in Jackson county, i regaru
the value of human Hie more nigniy !
h enforcement of nmc laws. If necessary.
we can do without game rather than to leave
a home without a father and make orphans
of helpless children.
The poachers have free sway
I.KT THEM MOVE SLOWLY.
The Oregonlan has a notion that the
personally conducted movement of a
single school director to oust Mr. Al
derman as Superintendent of Schools
will not succeed. It has run counter
to a general public desire that Super
intendent Alderman ought to be re
tained and a well-nigh universal pub
lic purpose that he shall be retained
if there is a way to require it of the
Twenty or more of the Parent
Teachers' Association of Portland,
speaking through their respective pres
idents, have gone on record for Super
intendent Alderman. So far as there
has been any expression from any
public body of any kind representa
tive of the patrons of the schools, not
a single voice has. been raised in op
position. The women and the men
who have assumed the useful duty of
keeping in touch with school work
are uniformly pleased with the prog
ress made under Superintendent Al
derman. They know, for they have
seen. They are not mistaken.
The Oregonian finds itself wonder
ing at the temerity of the suggestion
that Superintendent Alderman be
dropped after two years for an un
tried man. Undoubtedly Mr. Jenkins,
of the Jefferson High School, is a
satisfactory principal, but it is a bold
assumption that, in the present public
attitude toward the schools and their
Superintendent, he would be generally
acceptable as a successor to Superin
tendent Alderman and that he could
or would control the large school organization.'-
Or is it the intention that
he be the real head?
The influences that have rallied to
the support of Director -Sommer in his
opposition to Superintendent Alder
man would do well to reconsider.
TIME FOR rX)RKlGX TRADE.
Conditions in both this country and
South America are becoming more fa
vorable to expansion of our trade with
the southern continent, in the opinion
of Edward E. Pratt, chief of the
Bureau of Foreign and Domestic
Commerce, .as expressed in a speech
before the Detroit Board of Com-,
merce. He dispelled what he called
"three glooms" which seem to have
attached themselves to the American
industrial community in reference to
the development of our foreign trade.
First It Is said that financial and busi
ness conditions In foreign countries are so
bad as to make it impracticable for us to
market our products abroad.
Second It la said that we are a debtor
Xatloa and cannot hope to finance foreign
trade on a large scale.
Third It Is said that the costs of pro
duction In the warring nations of Europe
will be lowered as a result of the war. and
that we will not only not be able to hold the
new markets that we may gain, but that
we will probably be unable to hold the
markets that we have already attained.
As to the first "gloom," he ex
plained that South America had been
unable to buy because its market had
collapsed and its orders had been can
celled: but Columbia, Venezuela,
Ecuador and the countries of Central
America are recovering and fairly
prosperous, Argentina and Uruguay
are fast approaching normal, and
Bolivia and Peru are on the upgrade.
He said this was "the time to send
a salesman or, better, a business
diplomat, into South America to study
the markets, .to learn the country, to
meet the people, to become acquainted
with the trade and' to lay the foun
dations for future business." Large
financial returns could not be expected
from an Initial trip In the foreign
field, any more than they could be
expected in a new domestic field.
Mr. Pratt cited figures to show that
we are fast changing from a debtor
into a creditor Nation. Hitherto our
debts to Europe and our tourists'
expenditures have exceeded our sur
plus of exports by about $100,000,000
a year, but in the last six months of
1914 the balance was $150,000,000 in
our favor, counting in all the items
against us, and we are now piling up
a net favorable balance of $76,000,
000 a month. These sums are making
us a creditor Nation, a fact which is
evidenced by low rates of exchange
and by the loans which our bankers
have "made to Argentina, Sweden,
Russia and other nations. We are in
a position to invest in the industries
and development of foreign trade.
As to whether, after the war, we
shall be able to hold new markets
we have gained, Mr. Pratt said many
concerns of belligerent nations are re
tiring from certain markets and los
ing good will. Those markets will
naturally turn to the United btatcs.
He predicted that the war would
cause a material rise in coin inter
est rates, wages and prices in the
belligerent countries, quoting statistics
to nrove his point. The effective num
ber of workers will be decreased and
the efficiency of labor will be lowered.
Hence the cost of production in
Europe will closely approach that In
the United Slates, and our opportu
nity will be good to hold foreign mar
kets in competition with Europe.
A I.KAGl'K OF WOMEN.
In the March number of her maga
zine, the rorerunner, ;nrs. ciianunc
Perkins Gi'man makes some interest
ing suggestions to women who may be
left without male supporters at the
close of the European war. The num
ber br such women, as she justly re
marks, will be very largo. Some will
be widows, some young women for
whom there will be no husbands on
account of the rich harvest death will
hove reanerl on the battlefield. For
all of them marriage and a home such
as most women desire will be o(ut of
the ouestion. They will be confronted
with the necessity of making their
own way in the world, not through
their fault or choice, but by the course
of events over which they have no
control. Much as they may wish to
keep strictly within woman's tradi
tional sphere. It will not be practicable
for them to do so. They must cither
step out of the walls of the conven
tional home and engage in some gain
ful occupation, or else they must be
come dependents and eat that bread
of charity which to Dante and many
other recidents has tasted so bitter.
Mrs. Charlotte Perkins Gilman's
advice to these European women be
reft by war is of world-wide applica
tion, since, irrespective of -war and its
ravages, the number or women wun
out male supporters is large in all civ
ilized countries and tends to increase
U is one of the curiosities of biology
that in all old human societies the
females outnumber the males. This
of itself seems to be a natural refuta
tion of those theorists who teach that
women should not pursue gainful oc
cuDatlons outside the family shelter
since for theBe exceptional individuals
there can be no home in the ordinary-
sense without parasitism. Either they
must make their own way in the world
or they must submit to be dependents
uDon the bounty of others.
Mrs. Gilman urges them to take
timely thought for their independence
and self-support. To this end sne pro
poses the formation of a "Woman's Mu
tual Service League" in each country
with a federation binding all of them
in a close union. The League's pur
pose would naturally be so to improve
women in mind and body that they
might be able to take care of them
selves without enduring insufferable
hardship. Mrs. Gilman mentions eco
nomic, educational, Bocial and politi
cal Improvement. ' Her evident aim is
to make it possible for women wno
would otherwise drift into helpless
parasitism to earn independent livings.
The idea of charity seems to be for
eign to Mrs. Gilman's plan, as itvis to
ost up-to-date projects -for helping
mankind. Experience has taught us
the lesson that it is far better to help
people by providing means of self-sup-
Dort than by giving tnem aims, tnougn
there are cases where alms mean res
cue from irremediable evil. The mem
bers of Mrs. Gilman's projected league
who have sufficient means are expect
ed to pay dues which are to be used
to execute the details of her campaign.
The first step is the foundation of an
employment agency to bring the needy
woman and the work she can ao to
gether. But this employment agency-
would suffer from . the limitations
which attend all such enterprises. It
could not make work if there was
none to be had. and it could not pro
duce oompetence in unfit applicants.
Mrs. Gilman is a Woman of extraor
dinary resource and courage, but she
does not attempt to settle the first dif
ficulty. When there is no work to be
had the applicant, whether male or
female, must take the consequences.
aDDarently. but in her opinion the
slaughter of the war will so deplete
the ranks of the wage earners in i,u
roDe that the demand for labor will
outrun the supply at least during the
first few years of speace. The second
difficulty, that of unfitness In the ap
plicants, Mrs. Gilman would meet by
establishing training scljciols which
might be supported, if all went well,
out of the dues paid by the more .pros
perous members of the league. But
both the employment agency and the
graining school are mere preliminaries
to a more important project.
This Is the foundation of some In
dustrial enterprise to Increase the
funds and develop the work of the
league." To put the matter plainly,
she believes that " enuld make
money, a great deal of money, out of
co-operative business and the fact
that men have so often failed to do so
does not daunt her. ' A glance at the
insect world convinces Mrs. unman
that females are natural co-operators.
In the beehive the females harmon
iously and successfully carry on the
work of the cjlony, while trie males
are superfluous except in one particu
lar. When their special office has
been fulfilled they are speedily, stung
to death. The same is true of ant
colonies. If bees and ants can effect
such triumphs of co-operation what
ought not human beings to accomplish?
"We with our higher soul instincts,
our far wider range of activity, growth
and enjoyments ought to be able to
show an infinitely nobler and happier
group with a far higher range of
achievement." -So says Mrs. Gilman.
Biologists would, we think, question
her statement that our social instincts
are more efficient in any way than
those of the insects to whose shining
example she points, but that is of no
consequence. It cannot be doubted
that immense social and economic
gains jire obtainable by the human
race through , co-operation. History
teaches,, if it teaches anything, that
the world has won a hundred advan
tages by mutual help where it has won
anv bv strife. So even if we should
look upon Mrs. Gilman's alluring
league as a fanciful project we may
still believe that her Ideas will work
for the advancement of a cause which
needs all the help it is likely to get
and deserves a great deal more than
there is in sight fop it.
Opposition to alien labor is incon
sistent with our own interest, for na
tive laborers have generally drifted
away from the field of common labor
to that of skilled labor. Rough con
struction work on railroads, on Irri
gation plants and on similar large
projects has been done mainly by foreign-born
laborers, a large proportion
of whom do not become citizens. The
practice of large corporations, which
hire new immigrants by wholesale to
supplant striking employes and to
depress wages, is an important cause
of? this opposition. Means should be
found to prevent or discourage this
practice without impairing the rights
of aliens or causing friction with for
The story of Miss Jahn's dream is
wonderful - if true. , She lives in
Pasadena, her brother lives in Salt
Lake. Last Sunday she dreamed sne
saw her brother shoot ' himself, told
her family and persuaded her father
to start for Salt Lake to prevent the
deed. On Tuesday the brother actual
ly shot himself. The dream may
have been a "mere coincidence." It
may have been telepathic. What do
Portla-nd is five degrees farther
north than New York, but our climate
is semi-tropical compared with that
of the metropolis. Here flowers are
in bloom, trees arc budding, birds are
nesting. There they wallow neck
deen in drifting snows. Why do peO'
Die live in such a place? Surely, if
New Yorkers were rational creatures,
thev would all move to Oregon. There
is room for them here an3 to spare.
Vanadium is a metal whose utility
in the arts is rapidly increasing. It
is particularly valuable as an alloy in
steel but ammonium vanadate is used
in ink and vanadium also enters into
dyes in one form or another. The fact
that ' the most productive vanadium
mines are in Peru will probably lead
to increased trade with that country.
If Germany has already lost twelve
submarines, the legend that these ves
sels are invulnerable will pass away
and battleship stock will rise again.
The submarines seem to be formid
able so long as the enemy does not
strike back, but if he pokes his finger
into them they are gone.
The greatest need of the ministra
tions of the Red Cross is in Serbia,
where the people are too prostrated by
typhoid, typhus and recurrent fever to
fight, and where doctors and nurses
Think of a Congressman leaving
Washington for the battle front, ex
cept, of course, as a Brigadier. Yet
300 members of the Reichstag are on
the fighting line.
The heart action of city stenog
raphers will be tested. A normal en
vironment free from handsome young
men will be provided, no doubt, dur
ing the test.
With approach of warm weather,
France is taking preliminary action
toward burning the enemy dead and
her own unidentified as a sanitary
That Northern California woman,
the mother of quadruplets, is needed
in Oregon. Any commercial club in
the state stands ready to reward the
American Consuls are to have an
increase of pay. The consular agents
in Mexico should also be provided
with life insurance at uovernment
The latest note sent to Carranza is
described as persistent. There s no
doubt about our persistence. it is
our urgency and insistence that are
The alacrity with which Portland
people sign the road bond petition
suggests a determination to catch up
with Seattle as a good-roads center.
As indication of the distant end of
the war. the Du Fonts are apout to
spend $5,000,000 in increasing their
facilities for making powder. .
Russia and Germany will soon ex
change their deadwood. When a pris
oner is beyond fighting capacity he
is not worth feeding.
Washington officials express the be
lief that Germany will pay for tne
sinking of that American merchant
man. May be.
Local police traced offenders by the
odor of perfume. There are those who
can be detected half a block away by
What must be one of the really sad
events of life is to have the house
burn while the family is enjoying an
These are the days when the women
of the household gain healthful exer
cise with shovel and hoe in "fixing"
"Author weds actress," says a head
line. There will be more neaswmes
anon if past experience teaches any
The British reply to ou,r latest will
indicate that the British distrust the
Germans. Oh, surely they dQn't do
The local holdup industry' is ad
vancing by leaps and bounds when a
man is cleaned up in an office building.
Three more Admirals added to our
fleet. That fixes it. Now we are
fully prepared for defense.
Perhaps Commander Thierichens
sank the Frye just because he did not
like "the cut of her Jib."
Divorce may bo a luxury for some,
but it is a necessity for others.
Sugar advances today, and not
berry and little rhubarb in sight.
Too'much spineless diplomacy.
Thaw is recurrent nuisance.
Half a Century Ago
From The Oregonian. March 13, IStiS.
The following San Francisco men are
directors of the Pacific Insurance Com
pany, of San Francisco, of which Cap
tain J. C. Ainsworth and. W. S. Ladd, of
Portland, are directors and the firm of
Ladd & Tilton general agents for Ore
gon and Washington: Louis McLane,
W. C. Ralston, J. G. Kittle, A. L. Tubbs,
J. Mora Moss. S. C. Btgelow. H. Selig
man, H. Carlton, Jr., T. B. Thomas. L.
B. Benchley. William Sherman, I Sachs,
M. P. Jones, A. T. Lawton, J. Whitney,
Jr., Edward Martin, Charles Mayne,
John Wightman, G. W. Beaver. D. J.
Oliver, Jabez Howes. William Alvord,
H. ' Haussmann. Elie Lazard, A. B.
Forbes, Jonathan Hunt, J. O. Earl. S.
J. Hensley. Lloyd Tevis, James Le Fre
mery, J. G. Bray. J. B. Newton, H. L.
Dodge, D. Stern, Herman Mtchels, Fred
erick Billings, J. G. Kellogg, A. G.
Stiles, H. F. Teschmacher. G. H. How
ard. Erwin Davis, P. L. Weaver, E. L.
Goldstein, W. A. Dana, F. W. Brooks,
William Sharon, Adam Grant, Aides
Bull, S. M. Wilson.
The list of the directors is published
in connection with an announcement
that the company had complied with
the Oregon law requiring a deposit of
$50,00 to protect policyholders, etc.
There seems no possibility that the
present year will witness the ratifica
tion by the requisite number of states
of the amendment to-the National Con
stitution abolishing slavery. lately
passed by the necessary two-tliirds vote
of Congress. The failure of ten states
to adopt the amendment will defeat it,
and as Kentucky and Delaware among
the loyal states have voted it down, ana
as eight states are still in reoemon,
and ten are not in any sense participat
ing wth the rest in supporting the Gov
eminent, there is of course no possi
bility of effecting that measure by
state action at present.
By private correspondence from Lew
Iston we have the Information of the
death of .lames A. Glasscock, late Ter
ritorlal Printer for Idaho Territory, at
the aso of 44 years. He had thousands
of friends in California, Oregon and
As the Confederate shinplasters don't
yield much return when paid out in
family expenses, the rebel Congress has
voted Jeff Davis. Esq., double rations
and forage as an ingenious substitute
W. H. Rector, who arrived by the Pa
cific Saturday, announces he is riot go
ing to Mexico with, his new cotton gin,
as had been reported.
The Hibernians and tho Fenian
Brotherhood will celebrate St. Patrick's
dav, March 17. W. P. Burke will be
chief marshal or the day:-Edward Ca
halin will be assistant: S. J. McCormick
will bo principal orator, and Francis
Browne will preside. The Germania
band will play.
Under date of February 2 the Wash
ington, correspondent of the San Fran
cisco Alta says J. N. Dolph, Esq., has
been confirmed as United .States Dis
trict Attorney for Oregon. Mr. Dolph
is one of our prominent citizens and a
worthy member of the bar, at present
City Attorney of Portland.
BKSITTS ARB CAUSE FOR PRIDE
Realty Board Member Finds Work of
Boosters Siot Alwaya Appreciated.
PORTLAND, March 12. (To the Edi
tor.) A day or two ago I noticed an
article in The Oregonian, written by a
Portland citizen, one paragraph read
ing as follows:
It Is probably true that some of the exten
sion carllnes have been subscribed by the
people, but whose fault was that? "Our
boosters." the real estate men. They scatter
the city all over the coantry and then the
people complain about the Portland Railway,
Light & Power Company for not running a
carllne wherever some real estate agent has
a few lots for sale.
We of the realty profession are. per
fectly willing to take the blame for any
and all damage done in "boosting" our
city. We take pride in the fact that it
has been through tne "Doostins. naru
work and financial aid of the real es
tate men that many of the extensions
have been built, thereby greatly in
creasing property values ana accom
modating many more people.
I asked Mr. Griffiths, president of
the Tortland Railway, Light & Power
nr.mna.nv. if he held the real estate men
responsible lor all tne extensions
in this city. ' rioio tnem respuimiuic .
he replied. "We do not hold any one
responsible, not even for the building
nf those extensions tnat proDaDiy iu
not pay for years. We went into the
matter with our eyes open, believing
that it wan to the best interests of the
citv, and having enough confidence in
the future of Portland and its people
to believe they would eventually pay.
Wc are a public service corporation,
and it has been our business to give
anrvirn. even if immediate returns did
not justify the outlay. The people
should apreciate what the realty men
are doing for Portland. They are and
have been a great factor in the up
building of our city, but. I must admit,
thev get very little credit for the good
work they have been and are doing."
The trouble is too many people are
careless In their criticisms: they fire
off their gun and then look to see what
they have hit, and many times do se
rious damage. If they would investi
gate carefully before they shoot, nine
times out of ten they would save their
It is strange, and yet true, that It is
a most difficult matte to make the
public understand that the real estate
business is really a profession and just
as dignified as the profession of law
or medicine: that the man who stands
on the corner and grabs his victims
and occasionally sells or trades a lot
is not a real estate man any more than
a pawnbroker is a banker, or the man
that sits behind the drug store stove
and insists on advising you what to
take for every ailment is a doctor.
Let us all turn our unjust criticisms
into boosting and see how much hap
pier we shall be and how much faster
Portland -will grow.
H. L. IDLEMAX,
Member Portland Realty Board.
Another "Version of "JHney."
The word "jitney." meaning a 5-cent
fare on an automobile, has become epi
demic, and there are thousands appar
ently seeking the origin of the word.
A man who signs himself "No. 1234,
Ex.,"-says that the word originated in
side of prison walls, where he was at
the time. The rules of the institution
were very strong against smoking, and
the supply of chewing tobacco was far
from meeting the demands. A trusty
named Jedney, who drove a dray for
the prison, followed the practice of
smuggling tobacco in to the inmates.
Jedney was finally paroled, and his
place taken by a negro boy, who main
tained the practice. Jedney was in the
habit of sharing half and half the to
bacco which he smuggled in. which
was usually in 10-cent lots. The ne
gro boy pronounced his name "Jitney,"
and this came to mean 6 cents' worth
MarTfasre and Theatricals.
Famous Actor Oh, yes. I'm married,
but J always think it's kind o' tough
on a girl that marries one of us trav
ghe Still, it might be worse. I sup
pose you're away from home most of
A Domestic Duet.
Suffrage Number of Puck.
Willis (sentimentally) This suffrage
business is all wrong, my dear. Every
man wants to keep his wifo close to
Mrs. Willis (firmly) You mean tnt
APPEAL, MADE FOR CO.OPERATH)..
Fruit Product Planta Must OrranUe te
Prevent FaUurea, Saya Board.
PUTALLUP, Wash.. March 11. (To
the Editor.) The fresh fruit situation
makes it inevitable that a very great
number of canneries, evaporators and
other kinds of fruit product plants will
be established in the Northwest during
the next 24 months.
There is a real need for many of
these if the districts east of the moun
tains are to maintain their fruit busi
ness upon a sound basis.
Unless controlled, most of these
plants will be started wrong. Many
will be badly managed and many will
be organized where there is no need
for them. The result will be failures
and much needless loss of money.
While this is going on. the market
will be demoralized because the badly
managed plant is usually just as badly
off in its selling. The result will be
serious injury to the business of the
All this will take place unless the'
situation is controlled.
The Northwest By-Products Board
believes that its function is Just as
much to help control the general situ
ation as it is to help communities start
plants that will take care of their sur
In that work we need the help and
co-operation of every existing cannery,
evaporator, dried fruit packer or other
form of plant.
The present industry should be as
closely tied together as possiDie, so as
to establish standards of pack, a rea
sonably uniform price and a co-opcra-
tiv reachinsr out for new maritcis.
Once that is done, the industry will
hn stabilized and our committee can
work with the fruit products plants
toward helping take care of tho surplus
fruit in tho districts where it is now
going to waste.
Mfcnv of these districts arc probably
not ready for plants. They have not
volume enough. With a united
strencth we can work with the rail
roads to get a low express rate for
herries or freight rate for fruit that
will permit the assembling of this stuff
at existing plants until the district oe
vclops an output that justifies a can
nerv or evaporator.
In those districts where there Is" a
manifest need for plants at once, the
committee can help promoto these In
such a way that they will be operated
right and their product ran bo sold
side by side with that of tho exist
ing plants and the market will not be
demoralized. mis win neip tne new
nlant and will protect the old ones.
Perhaps the. whole situation cannot
be worked out as smoothly as tnat.
A great deal of difficulty will be
experienced in getting the existing
plants into any kind of an agreement.
Also irresponsible promotions will be
started that nobody can control.
But the committee believes that,
with an organization of all the exist
ing plants, it can do a great deal to
ward controlling the situation.
This general problem was discussed
at the recent conference in Portland.
Other small district meetings are be
ing held. Soon there will be need to
hold another general conference.
In the meantime, we wish to ask
those interested to think over the sit
uation and frankly and fully write us
Just what you believe ought to be
done. The nearer we can eonio to all
agreeing on something, the better off
we will all be.
NORTHWEST BY-PRODUCTS BOARD.
W. H. Paulhamus. Chairman.
Old Colonial Family.
BEND. Or., March 7. (To the Edi
tor.) Please inform mo the nation
ality of the Jay Gould family of New
York. Are they of Jewish descent?
The original ancestor of the Jay
Gould family. Major Nathan Gould,
came to America from the South of
England in 1646. Biographies do not
mention any strain of Jewish blood.
How Torpedoes Do Their
Told in the
, Sunday Oregonian
These modern instruments of destruction have played an important
part in the present war in Europe. How they are dispatched from
their mother vessels and how they find their way, under their own
power, to their targets is adequately and interestingly described in
an illustrated story by William Atherton Du Puy.
OTHER SUNDAY ATTRACTIONS
Women in Business.
This is an entertaining and instructive story about VZ American
women who have made notable successes in various lines of business
activity. Beginning with Hetty Green, who probably is the best
known of the group, the article gives little personal sketches of the
characteristics of the 12, including Mrs. K. II. Harriman, widow of
the late railroad magnate, and Mrs. Schuyler Britton, owner of a St.
Louis baseball club.
Strange Legend of Vienna Vaults.
This is the remarkable tale of Napoleon's son, whose body lies
locked in a tomb at Vienna. The French people have tried frequently
to have the body removed to Paris. There is a legend that the vault
in which the casket is locked contains also the key to the lost treasure
of the Hapeburg kings. Will removal of the bones lead to the dis
covery of the treasure?
Another Detective Tale. .
Joseph H. Faurot, who unearthed the mystery of the death of Anna
Aumiller in New York a few years ago and caused the arrest of a
priest as her murderer, is the author of the second- of the series of
detective stories from real life now running in The Sunday Oregonian.
Ireland in War.""
What the Emerald Isle is doing to aid England in the present gi
gantic struggle in Europe is the subject of an interesting and timely
article in view of the approach of St. Patrick's day.
Another Penrod Story.
This time Booth Tarkington tells in his own humorous way about
"The Fall of Georgie Bassett" and introduces Penrod in a new and
delightful role that of bringing the saintly Georgie down to a level
with normal boys.
Castles Show New Steps.
If any one is trying to keep up with ail the so-called modern dances
they will find a weekful of work in trying to perform all the twists
and turns described by Vernon Castle in tomorrow's Oregcnian. Posed
pictures will help a little.
Early Climb of Mount Hood.
Charles E. Warner, who made a new record by scaling Portland's
backdoor peak in Winter, tells how he did it.
Innovations in Portland Schools.
Addison Bennett begins a new series of stories on the advanced work
done by the Portland public schools. The first one will run tomorrow
and will tell of the trade schools.
Exploits of Elaine.
Arthur B Reeve, creator of Craig Kennedy, versatile detective, fur
nishes another thriller in this week's installment of Elaine's exciting
More Good Reading.
Other Sunday features will include the usual page devoted to chil
dren a page of Polly pictures and the customary comics. The front
cover page will present a remarkable drawing, entitled "When Kings
Meet in Combat." It is a vivid picture of a battle scene m the
Middle Ages, when kings and emperors actually led their troops in
making war upon one another. The usual sections devoted to auto
mobiles, real estate, the drama, women's activities and society will be
presented with the customary features.
Twenty-Five Year. Ago
From The Orefonlan of March 13. lM
Washington. The Oklahoma admis
sion bill will be voted on in the House
today. Prohibition it la believed will
not prevail. Blair's educational bill,
which has to do with the granting of
lands for school fundn. is to be dlcposrd
of next Thursday, and Squire and Allen
will oppose it. Senator Suulre has pre
sented a memorial from the licard of
Trade of Vancouver. Wash., urging pas
sage of the bill authorizing construc
tion of a bridca, between Oregon anil
Washington over the Columbia.
Spokane Falls. The Traders' National
Bank has purchased a site on IUversidr
avenue and HowUrd street, for 1500 a
Tanama. The French Commission
sent over to Investigate the status ff
the Panama Canal construction has re
turned, it is certain they will b.v-
their report that all the vast machinery
Installed at a great expense is in a st.tt.
of ruin from sun, rain, neglect anil the
elements. Machinery valued at million
is being destroyed. Tho Commission
also has found out that an artlllclnl
lake will be necessary to control the
Chagres River. The completion of the
canal will cost about $30n,pno,non, It Ik
Havana. Newspapers here arc openly
advocating annexation of Cuba to tin
United States, pointing out thst a
change of government Is now to be dr
flred and the time for it opportune.
According to a report to Congress th
aggregate organized militia In the coun
try is 10",:r:'. comprising 11(172 nftirers
and 9J,;40 non-commissioned men.
The Transcontinental Street Railway
Company has decided to replace It.
horsepower machinery with electrical
William Hume, the pioneer cattleman
and bear hunter, is spending a few days
in the city.
R. S. Terklns has received a letter
from the well-known horseman W. H.
Rabb, now in I'matilia county, telling
how livestock will thrive on prirkly
D. W. Tjams. who was severely hurt
in a rnblo road accident several week
ago, is now ablo to ho out again.
The Ladies' Aid of the First Congre
gational Church will give a social at
the home of Mrs. L. Nlrolal, Fourth anil
Hassalo streets, on the evening of
James .1. Hill, one of I he brlghte.'l
railroad men and financier of the age.
a comparatively few years ao waa a
dock walloper in St. Paul.
Forbes Breedcn. furniture dealer.-,
have received advices from the i;a.-t
that antique, furniture Is all the erair
Rev. John W. Sellwood. rector of St.
David's Church, died yesterday.
Minimum Wnar of Menoaraphrra.
tor.) Hoes the minimum waue law ap
ply to stenographers? I have noticed
advertisements offering a wage as low
us 5 a week, is mis lawiui
I.l.,f th minimum U' :l law th In-
duslrlal Welfare Commission la author.
izeil to rcsrulate conditions or employ
ment for stenographers. In February,
l'U4 ihn Commission made an order
placing the minimum wane for stoiioj;-
ra plie is at 4u a montn ana inc maxi
mum lime of employment tl hours a
A Move In Poll lies.
Washington ( . O.) Star.
"Forgive your enemies." said the
earnest man. "1 hat'a good reaglon.
"Yes." replied Senator Sorghum; "and
sometimes It's Bond pollllr tno.