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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 10, 1915)
TIIE MORNING OREGONIAN, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 10, 1915.
U PORTLAND, OREGON.
" Entered at Portland. Oregon. I'oslottlce as
- Subscrlptldu Bates Invariably In advance:
!j (By MaU.)
Pai!v. Sunday Included, on, year.....
Daily, Sunday included, six months. . .
inexcusable. It is an example of the
Democratic faculty of doing even the
right thing in the wrong way.
O. K. ; BUT
1 ImiIv sn.iav included, three months..
4 laily. Sunday included, one month....
Iraily, without Sunday, on, year. .
Laliy. without Sunday, six month
Dally, without Sunday, three months..
. I lai;y, without Sunday, one month
"Weekly, one year . ...
'Sunday, one year........
Sunday and Weekly, one year
f Dally, Sunday Included, one year
Ijailr. Sunday included, one month ...
i' ... u.mit send Pnatoffice money or-
tder. express order or personal check on your
.local bank, stamps, coin or currency are at
.-sender's risk. Give poetoirice auareaa iu ium
Including- county and atate.
: Poataae Rates 12 to 18 pages. 1 cent: IS
to 3i panes, 2 cents; Zi to 4 pages, I cents,
' 40 to 6 paces, 4 cents; 2 to 76 pages, 6
rente; 78 to pages, cents. Foreign post-
- age. double rates.
Eastern Business Offtee Veree Conk
'l!n. .New York. Brunswick building; Chicago,
I btenger building.
San f ranriico Office R. J. Bldwell Com
y pany. 74- Market street.
rORTXAT. WEDSESD.W, XAR. .
1ICGHES It)R PRESIDENT
The Washington correspondent of
:.th Brooklyn Eagle suggests that
Charles E. Hughes. Justice of the
J. United States Supreme Court, may be
"drafted- for the next Republican
Presidential nomination, "though,"
i says the correspondent, "he Is known
' to be utterly opposed to uch a prop
I It Is remembered that Justice
5-Hughes refused to permit the use of
his name as a candidate In 1912,
though he had been actively put for
j ward by the New York delegation, in
' 1908. ' But in the intervening four
years he had been nominated for the
Supreme Bench by President Tart, and
' it is likely enough that, among other
The Speaker of the House t Olym-
pia the other day took the floor and
vehemently opposed the proposed ap-
propriation for the State University
on the ground that it is a "hotbed of
socialism." So far as news reports
show, there was no real denial of the
Speaker's assertion, but there was a
vigorous and general defense of the
historic right of free speech and free
thought. In their common enthusiasm
for those undying principles the House
Dassed the appropriation. The steam.
roller. In the capable hands of the King
County delegation, also helped some.
The net result of the legislative dis
cussion and subsequent action appears
to be full warrant for the socialist and
other heterodox professors at the
Seattle Institution to teach whatever
they please, though we have not ob
served In the established curricula
of the university any chair of theology
or Bible study, or any of such ancient
courses as some people yet think
worth while. One can without great
difficulty imagincwhat a riot would
be stirred up among th ready apostles
of free speech in a public educational
Institution If any misguided legislator
should Insist upon the establishment
in the State University of a divinity
school. Probably It would be uncon
stitutional. But it is quite lawful for
a professor to preach socialism and
inculcate anarchy and draw pay from
The taxpayer, who believes In a re
ligion which cannot be taught and
detests a socialism which can be
taught, cheerfully pays the bill.
the voice of only one man in three.
The present Board of Control has had
ever since its creation, the power
specifically conferred by statute to re
move at will the heads of the insti
tutions over which it exercises busi
If the Democratic press would dis
cuss the law honestly they could not
chew their choicest vocabulary mor
sel. Use of the-term "spoilsmen's
bill" and truth do not go together.
ENGLISH HERE AND AT HOME,
It Is commonly supposed that the
singular pronunciations of English
sometimes heard in the United- States
are of native origin. We are told by
kindlv censora that thev arise from
our provincial . habits and would not
be tolerated among us were our cul
ture riper. A writer in the March At
lantic exposes the fallacy of this belief.
Most of our so-called "Americanisms"
are of old English origin. They were
brought to this country by our fore
fathers direct from the mother coun
try and have persisted here, white the
language has slowly altered at home.
The "provincialisms" originated In
England, not in the United States.
It Is a matter of common knowl
edge that colonists usually speak their
mother tongue with great purity. This
is true of the Irish in particular. Some
say that the best English in the world
may be heard in Ulster. Colonials do
not feel permitted to take those liber
ties with the language which are a
matter of course In its native domains.
Hence antiquated forms linger among
them as they do in the United States,
Some of the differences between our
pronunciation and that of the English
are quite marked. They, for Instance
have almost obliterated the letter
"r" before a consonant, while Amer
icans give it a distinct burring sound.
v The English say "hoss" where our
ears demand "horse" with a prominent
the vowel "a," Americans on the
other hand Incline to flatten It s In
"sat." A Britisher says "commahnd"
while an American naturally prefers
to make the "a" in the second syllable
-K-. -....of i,. Jicirh, tha r. Again mere is a preference in me
considerations. Justice Hughes thought worid 0f education more than that mother country for the "ah" sound of
he ought not to oppose .Mr-ait. 0f vocational training. Shall it re
Xow it is assumed that Judge I integrated . with the public school
Hughes will consider that a Justice of gvstem and all placed under a single
;the Supreme Court has no right to be (management? Or" shall the vocational
.a. Agtiillilat ft, tn (-ftTIMTIl Vl i TT1 VIC 1 f with I - .- J . V. n ka rFf A... f taolf and n t 11 f t AO1
--------- - ---- nuin. wo "J i , frv,
partisan politics. Yet it is dimcult to by a totally distinct group of officials " , " "
see that there is any impropriety in a an(J teachers? In other words, shaU f Pronounced in England with a long
.receptive attitude on his part; and we support two public school systems " " " " "
.-certainly no eriticism could be or make one suffice? " """"" '" " " ".
: made if he accepted an unsought nom- with tw0 separate systems certain Indians are hostyles to the British,
unarion a man has ever declined a Lwi,,, wnnld swiftlv though to us they are nothing worse
nnm(r-oMnn far I'rPtHdnt rV A. OTPH t I T7-., - tUlrx ,, arnAnaa rtf I th8Jl hOStillS,
" - CUOUC. jut "" . ,u. f
IiartV. . Umlnlctntlnn nnrl Anlllnment WOUld
The acceptability of Justice Hughes De CTeatly increased. Very likely it .w" ""
as a candidate Is unquestionaDie. But WOuid De more than doubled, since -"e"
the first problem would seem to be to each" set of schools would compete but a common literature and increas-
convince him that he has a real duty with its rival for buildings, apparatus m ""aae relations win aiwajs Keep
Ku.i.m a ftenHlrl.-itA fir tn normit ..j t. e.,,,o onrl tiolfhpr I uutu uoumnco "ci ciiuukh iu
and navies of the world as an inter
national police for the enforcement of
lecrees of The Hague tribunal. It is
impossible to apply this principle in
the present war, for the neutrals are
not organized for intervention, the
conditions have ,not been laid down
under which they could intervene, and,
above all, no judgment has been ren
dered under which they could act
without being exposed to the charge
of being swayed by prejudice and
The best that neutrals can do dur
ing the war for the substitution of law
for anarchy in international affairs is
to use their Influence with belligerents
for mitigation of the horrors of war,
to act in concert for protection of
their commoj interests and to com
bine for concerted . action in bringing
about peace. They can properly de
mand that the peace congress which
will close the war shall include neutral
as well as belligerent powers, for neu
tral interests have been most vi
tally affected.- While their part in set
tling the quarrels of the belligerents
should be limited to mediation, they
should mediate with a view to insuring
that no open sores remain to provoke i
another war. They should then seek to
bind all the nations represented at
the conference to unite their forces
against any nation which refuses to
submit an arbitrable question to The
Hague tribunal or which refuses to
abide by a decree of that tribunal.
If it can be assured that the whole
community of nations will turn upon
a disturber of the world's peace or
violator of the world's law, there will
be good hope of establishing law and
of preserving peace.
Twenty-five Years Ago
The New York Sun makes fun of
the pedagogues for their love of big
words like "prevocational, "sequen
tial" ajid particularly "curriculum."
No doubt teachers prefer polysyllables
to monosyllables because, they look
more learned, but they are not alone
in their taste, as anybody may dis
cover for himself by dipping into a
legal magazine or a medical review.
Few professional- people like to use a
short (word when they can make
long one do.
the use of his name.
THEIR BEST TEARS WASTED.
would be satisfied iwithout some ad
vantage over the other in these re-
Ispects. The taxpayer would thus be
dragged in spite of himself into a
common standard to be
The art world is greatly agitated
over iMr. Morgan's sale of Jiis father's
pottery collection. It is feared that
"culture" will suffer by the dispersal
of the Jars, vases and pots. Troubled
souls may allay their misgivings as to
this matter. The younger Morgan has
kept vases enough to impart all the
culture he and his friends are capable
of absorbing. There is no great harm
in allowing the rest to radiate their
sweet Influences in other quarters.
When Representative S.ayden set r .,th out any 8topplng
the progressiveness of Congress in K . ftu k.
contrast with the conservatism of the ... Aw fll ..itrA'
Xavy Department by showing that the lnola and the ..vocationar schools.
latter uunercu iu sailing euips juiis
after steam power had come into use.
he overlooked one point on the other
side. This was the reluctance of Con
gress to change the rules of promotion
so that an officer may attain high
command before his faculties begin to
decay. Although experts have sup
plied Congress with all the lnforma
WAR TO MAINTAIN PEACE.
Many minds are divided between
watching the progress of the war and
devising plans for preventing more
wars. When the two peace confer
The former would gather in the pupils ences were, held at The Hague, they
who did not expect to work ror a were regarded by pacifists as inaugu
living and the fact of their pros- ratine- an . era durinsr which all
pective idleness would fill them with internatioal disputes should be Ju
contempt for the poor boys and girls dicially decided by The Hague trib
who were learning to put their hands unai. These dreamers of peace have
and brains to economic use.. been bitterly disappointed. Six great
The separation of the schools would and three minor nations have cast
thus entail a class distinction begin- aside The Hague tribunal and have
. ; . J J I J la, t 4e-11t .e
ronT that hodV'ron nues 'the': "A" childhood and running through eneaged in a death struggle. The Bel
tern which withholds promotion to the
rank of Admiral until a man is old.
retires him arbitrarily at a certain age.
though he may be in his full vigor.
and thus gives him little opportunity
to acquire experience in handling a
large number of ships.
The greatest victories on sea or
land have been won by men at least
on the sunny side of fifty. Nelson was
only forty when he won the battle of
the Nile and was only forty-seven
when he won the victory of Trafalgar,
which ended his life. Paul Jones was
twenty-eight when he began his daring
raid on British ships. Perry was but
twenty-eight when he won the battle
of Lake Erie. We need men who
combine the vigor and daring of youth
with expert knowledge of naval war
fare, but Congress keeps our officers
in subordinate positions until they are
long past that age and only permits
them to command after they have be
come, in the language of an ex
President, whose name anybody can
guess, "a lot of wheezy, onion-eyed old
Had Admiral Jelllcoe, who com
mands the British, grand fleet, been in
the American Navy he would probably
have been lucky to command a single
ship, though he is between fifty-five
and fifty-six. Admiral Beatty, who
won the battles of Heligoland and the
North Sea, is still younger and might
have been a subaltern in the Amer
ican service. We spend so much I READ AM LEARN.
money on training our naval officers I The breadth of understanding at-
that we should, as a matter of economy, I tained by the Medford Mail-Tribune
get the most out of them when they I moves one to profound admiration. It
are at their best. I says:
The Oregonian has been bitter In Its de
nunciation of Bryan as a spoilsman because
be has follom-ed the time-honored custom of
- . . . , . i replacing nepuuucaiia 111 me cunauiar r.
v-nc ki mo uim rampirB in re- lco wlth Democrats, positions regarded as
life. It has been the glory of the gan neutrality treaty is violated and
United States that the puonc scnoois tne belligerents have not even regard
reinforced democracy. We have erj the rules by which it was hoped to
boasted that here was common ground I inject some degree of civilization into
where rich and poor, native ana ior- the essentially barbarous Institution
eigner, high and low. actually met, 0 war.
became acquainted among themselves Champions of peace are now begin-
and fused their differences in a united I nIng to realize that an 'international
Nation. Now we have begun to en- tribunal without physical force to exe
tertain the idea of class schools, with cute its decrees is impotent. British
the children of the comfortable peo- statesmen maintain that the allies are
pie In one division and those f the fighting for the sanctity of treaties,
workers in another. for the maintenance of the principles
How long would democratic Insti- laid down at The Hague and hence
tutions survive under such an arrange- for the supremacy of international law
ment? The chances are that educa- a3 a substitute for the principle that
tion would suffer as fatally as democ- miKht is riht. Earl Grey in a recent
racy were vocational training cut orr speech in London claimed for the
from the culture studies. In one group anies "if not the active, at any rate
of schools we should have the pursuit the moral and sympathetic support of
of sterile branches widely severed all neutral democratic nations" and he
from life and work. In the other the 1 declared:
exercises would pertain solely to sen
sual and muscular expertness. Thus
one fraction of the American people
would me educated in form without
If the nations who made themselves col
lectively responsible for International regu
latlons had allowed It' to be understood that
they would also assume the responsibility
for their enforcement, the present terrible
substance, the other in substance with- I war would not have taken place.
out form. These would get nothing I Earl Grey no doubt sincerely be-
but "culture," those nothing but brute I lieves that the enforcement of inter
manual dexterity. national obligations requires the neu
This might do admirably In a coun- tral nations to support Britain and
try where part of the inhabitants were I her allies, but the truth is that the
designed to be beasts of burden fit war has set aside international law.
only for driving in harness, while the The initial activities of Germany have
rest were designed to drive them. But been made the occasion for ignor-
that is not the American Ideal.
POLITICS IX ALASKA RAILROADS.
ing various rules of The Hague by
the allies, until observance of all rules
limiting the barbarities of war is con
tingent on the will of individual bel
ligerents. The London declaration
was set aside early in the war by the
allies. The rules of war are violated
by both the German submarine block
ade of the British coast and by the
British blockade of German commerce.
While "blockade" Is the most conven-
cent history of subordinating wise legitimate political spoils. r lent term y Vicn to aescnoe tnese
public policy to political considera- The Oregonian has not crlUcised metnoos 01 wanare, neiti.er wiuuiras
tions is the action of the Adminlstra- Mr. Rrvan for Iniectine- Dolitics into to the definition of a blockade con-
tion in the matter of the Alaska rail- the consular service, which is prac- tained in international agreements, for
roads. After having placed an em- tlcallv out of rjolltics. The Oreeronian neitner is eiiecuve
barro on the development of that ter- la not aware that he has done so to All the facts and Earl Grey's opin
ritory fbr many years. Congress be- anv srreat extent. Mr. Bryan's inter-Mons combine to prove the soundness
gan to lift it by oassinar the Govern- ference haj. been In the dinlomatlc of Archibald R. Watson's conclusion
ment railroad law and by authorizing; service, which the Administration that In a paper entuiea international An
lease of coal land. Survevs wpm nr-nrfaH his TnmtrnWfil as nn r.A- archy and International Law." He
made last year and much progress culiarlv demanding- a corns of trained quotes Alexander Hamilton In support
could have been made this vear had I ervants of the assertion tftat international
the President definitely decided on A avstem of examination for those law. o-callea, is not law at an. De-
routes and had Congress appropriated desiring to enter the service and of cause lacking a sanction or authority
the money necessarv to make a first nromotlon for those in the service whs for the visitation of punishment; for
payment on existing roads and to do devised by Secretary Root. Mr. Bryan there is no penalty for a violation of
the season's work. has ignored the system and the fitness international law save sucn as may oe
There are two roads In the section of men who have oualifled themselves inflicted by an aggrieved and resentful
of Alaska to be develoDed the Alaska for nnRltinna. state. There is no law of nations, for
Northern and the Copper River & But the strongest criticism is di- "every sovereign state is a law unto
Northwestern. Secretary Lane wished rected against his appointment of pin- Itself, bowing to no superior will or
to buy both roads and to secure an heads to iirmortant nosts. Their mere dictation." The law of nations is "a
appropriation of So. 000.000 to make nolltlcal affiliations are of far less mere empty term or phrase"; it "con-
the first payment on, them and to be- importance than the fact that their sutuies a system or etiquette. wat-
gin construction, ror no other rea- trifling political service In behalf of Bon sais.
son than that the Copper River road Mr Brvan seems to outweieh in his International anarchy Is not the crime of
is owned by the Morgan-Guggenheim mind every consideration of their per- J 5SfC a 'iiSrtW":
syndicate, a great outcry went upisonal qualifications. I nation waa to blame for this war. Surely
against Its purchase, and the President The object of the Medford paper's none wanted war. except as a dread aiter-
. l rt lom i jj-.J , , . . , . . i native ior Bouieuifiigv yet nigra ureaatui. in
. "J uriuiiu remnrilS la IU Ullllll out a. lailClCU i.millnnil inirrhv alnnn la to -hlame TTn.
the deal. He also deferred realization inconsistency on the part of The Ore- der a barbaric world system, recognizing, in
of Alaska's long-t'eferred hopes by gonian because it denounces Mr. Bryan u" naly"1. no law but the law of
r,al.H. thA annrnnWaflftn ,,.. ,. , ,-, miaht. nations are right to arm, are right
. . . -. -, ...v r-1 - i- ..uw.-t.v . " o ui lino vi l tn. .iA -v.?. i in it in ii rt flB-hr
J2, 000,000. I gon, which gives the appointing power I But so long as each sovereign state
Tf tha Gtia'iT-prtnAlms havn pnmmtH I ihA - rfht s .amvn anrninana I potentially the enemy of every other;
ft-lm Ki. oil noo ! V.. 1 .ll 1. ..,.!.. Ut ' llllUIl l .U.II '"-
-., " j "o icv iuciii uc niu. it loiociv awuuira uiak uuiiiii- . mnction. is not tha dutv of a nation
punished, but we have never heard I Ited power and responsibility are con- I and In especial of one now not embroiled,
that the ownership of a railroad by I ferred upon the Governor' by the new Pl'n n clear T It Is, as the best insur-
certain man, even tnougn ne were law and adds: "If the idea Is to have t b and remain armed. To be nrenared.
gumy oi tne Diacitesi crime, was a I tne Governor the business manager of to be firm and self-reliant, to be strong.
a-oll1 rumn fni nni- hniHno- It ii,. oo v, .v...i v.. tt,. --uf iThat each country should tenaciously hold
" ...,u. .. its own. should rigidly maintain Its national
every other consideration made it a to appoint and remove the various de- nht. and tha demmdent rights of its cit-
aesiraoie purcnase. Apparently tne partment heads, but he should be as- lzens. But even while our country is per.
Guggenheims and Mr. Morgan are to slsted by the Board of Control, as a fectlne and strengthening its defenses, let
- . , .... . , " . , ' I the voices of humanity and of progress and
be punished for being wealthy business manager of a business is as- f cry aiOUd in ever aweilina Droteat
capitalists Dy Demg compelled to I lsted by. the board of directors." against the mad sacrifice of blood and
hold onto an investment which That Is exaetlv th sitiintlnn Tha treasure by which the altar urea of inter
Government policy has rendered un- Board of Control remains under the
profitable. The Government -needs Moser law the appointing power as
this road as well as the Alaska to the heads of departments over
Northern, for It occupies one of the which it has business control. No
available routes. Delay in acquiring appointments are taken away from
it is unwise, but the reason given is I that board, la .whicb. the Governoc has
The Harvard professor who says
that a man can live and thrive on 10
cents' worth of bread and butter
day speaks well within bounds. Most
people eat too much. Variety at meals
tempts to gluttony. The result is those
hideous male figures one beholds dis
porting themselves in gymnasiums to
reduce fat. What gluttony does to the
female figure of course one can only
guess, but it can hardly be beautify
Lake County has obtained for its
agricultural expert a graduate of the
college at Corvallis, Orlando B. Hardy.
His specialty, as we learn from the
Barometer. Is animal husbandry. His
qualifications are therefore partlcu
larly suited -to Lake County's needs.
The time will come when every coun
ty in the state will employ an agricul
tural expert as well chosen as Mr.
Hardy and use his abilities to the limit.
The greatest Joy of early Spring is
the daffodil, which thrives everywhere
once it is planted. The bulbs are
cheap, they require no care to speak
of and the flowers are beautiful In
form and color. Why is there not a
row of daffodils in every garden?
Attorneys Manning and Logan can
find comfort in reading that the King
of Bulgaria and his Prime Minister
had a one-round go over the war
and the King bested the hired man.
These diversions are the essence of
life in dull seasons.
It will be observed the impersonator
of a millionaire who left a trail of
bad checks half way across the con
tinent enjoyed" his first, good night's
sleep after he was captured. Con
science is a hard master.'
Even Bryan admits that the Mex
ican mess is worse than ever. But
cheer up! It will, run along that
way for a time and, then get worse.
Viva, watchful waiting! Viva, moral
suasion! Viva, Bryan!
The Balkan States would profit by
civil war over the question of whether
they enter the great war. Profit, that
by comparison with the results
should they get Into the fight.
Marie Cahiii's press agent has de
veloped a new line. Women cannot
but flock to see an actress who has
stood off" milliners fpr $31,400 and
has but J320, which is exempt.
From The Oregonian of March 10, 1800.
Ben Lombard returned Monday from
the Sandwich Islands, where he passed
Hon. T. D. McCully. of Joseph, for
merly Representative of Union County,
has been visiting friends in Portland
for a few days.
J. B. Small, one of the proprietors of
the Baker City Daily Democrat, passed
through the city this week er route to
Anacortes. He was accompanied by
Dex Smith and their object is possible
investment in Anacortes.
Mrs. G. W. Staver has returned from
Evanaton, 111., with her daughter, who
was suddenly stricken with an attack
of influenza while attending North
western University. The influenza de
veloped into pneumonia.
N. F. Murphy, of the Willamette Iron
Works, has completed an ingenious
mechanical contrivance - which he
claims will wind, open, dust and close
a clock without taking it down. Mr.
Murphy is quite au fait upon the
strong points of his new invention and
talks with lanfeuaK.e altogether too
technical to be understood by the un
scientific reader. He has applied for
a patent and has refused to sell it for
a good round sum.
Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Smith have taken
up their abode at the Esmond until
heir residence on Mount Tabor is com
pleted, which will be in about three
weeks, Mr. Smith's offices as secre
tary of several Coeur d'Alene mining
companies will be removed this week
to the Cree building.
The Western Union Telegraph Com
pany has laid a new cable across the
Columbia just below Kalama. The ca
ble will provide facilities for ten wires
between Portland and the north.
Ralph Disraeli, brother of Lord Bea
conefield, has retired at the age of 80,
after 60 years' public service, from the
office of deputy clerk of Parliament,
to which position he was appointed by
STRENGTH OP ARMIES I.V FIELD.
Numbers of Frlaoners I'naiows Addl
tiona to Armies Kept Secret,
MONTESAXO. Wash., March 8. (To
the Editor.) Kindly Inform us of how
many prisoners the Germans and Aus
trians claim at the present time to have
2. How many the allied forces claim
to have taken.
3. How many soldiers have the fol
lowing countries under arms: England,
France, Russia and other allied coun
tries at war, also Germany, Austria.
Turkey and Serbia. F. T. OARR.
The Germans claim to have 821,000
prisoners of all enemy nations. No
other country at war has published
All the belligerents practice the
closest secrecy about the number of
men under arms and no reliable es
timates on the subject are obtainable.
One of the British Ministers refused
this information recently in Parliament,
saying the Germans would be glad to
have it. The London Mail gives an
estimate, but admits that "it la Im
possible to give the actual forces en
gaged in view of the fact that the
armies of all belligerents have been
much increased by new formations and
volunteer corps." For example, 2,000,
000 men have voluteered in Germany
beyond the number of conscripts. The
Mail's estimate is:
Russia o.Ouo.OlMJrurkey 600,u.-0
Half a Century Ago
Miss Mildred Fuller, the fourth
daughter of Supreme Justice Fuller, is
the author of a pretty little poem
called "A Jolly Wizard." She is only
19 years old.
Albina has over 600 legal voters and
today an election will be held the first
time at the polls. The judges are J.
H. Steffen. John Parker and C. M. Rie-
man: clerks. William Curtin and ti. r.
Sibley. There are four candidates In
the field, two for School Clerk and two
Miss Daisy Fisher, a popular young
woman of Albina and daughter of Dr.
and Mrs. J. J. Fisher, was united in
marriage last - Thursday evening with
Mr. A. Hillier, also well known in Al
C. C. Grimes, the outgoing School
Director of District 31, has filled the
office in an excellent manner during
the last three years.
JITNET IS HELD OK NO BENEFIT
Correspondent Enumerates Inferiori
ties of Their Present Service.
PORTLAND, March 9. (To the Edi
tor.) I don't t'oink there is one fair-
minded person, who can say that the
Jitney bus Is of any benefit to the city
at present, for a good many reasons.
First, they only run on paved streets;
second, they Issue no transfers; third.
thev have no system ror running over
same route; fourth, they take all kinds
of chances of getting ahead of street
cars; fifth, what kind of protection can
a man give when he doesn t even own
his own machine? I could go on and
mention numerous other reasons, but
anyone using fair judgment will see
It is probably true that some of the
extension car lines have been sub
scribed by the people, but whose fault
was that? "Our boosters," the real
estate men. They scatter the city all
over the country and then the people
complain about the Portland Railway,
Light & Power Company for not run
ning a carline wherever some real
estate agent has a few lots for sale.
We get better service, more Ior our
money, better protection on the street
cars than any auto bus will ever give.
And you who thin it tnat a gas engine
will ever succeed electric machines
better wake up and you who want a
hort ride for a nickel will take a
itnev. But when you want your
money's worth you are glad to take the
streetcar. Me for the streetcars and
safety first." E. L WILSON.
346 East Fifty-fifth street North.
Except in the case of Great
Britain, these appear to be the forces
with which the several countries be
gan the war. In some cases losses
could be not be made up by new re
cruits, while in others they have been
much more than made up.
PANTS COMMISSION IS - NEEDED
Purchase of Trousers Shonld Be Lim
ited to Interstate Traffic.
PORTLAND. Mar. 9. (To the Edi
tor.) I recently read in The Orego
nian that it requires a little more than
$1000 per annum for a gentleman's
wardrobe (not including haberdashery,
hats and shoes). This seems very rea
sonable, considering the earning power
of the average gentleman at this time.
In this connection would call your
attention to an editorial and item in
the columns of another Portland paper
of recent date relating to a complaint
over the fact that some of your citi
zens aro dUloyal enough to order their
requirements in the wearing apparel
line from San Francisco concerns. This,
of course, is wrong and against their
own interest as well as against the
interests of - your local tailors and
But why should a tailor ask for bet
ter protection and more sympathy than
brewer, for instance? How would
the tailors of Oregon in general and
those of Portland In particular, like
to havj a law passed prohibiting the
wearing of trousers, if made In Oregon?
Prohibiting the wearing of trouser al
together would, of course, be declared
unconstitutional in consequence of in
terfering with present liberty. There
fore, why not pass a law permitting
each male member of a household (if
of legal age) to import from California
or any other state, say, two pairs of
trousers or (not and) four pairs of
overalls, every three months, and other
wearing apparel in proportion?
it will, of course, be necessary in or
der to enforce the law, to appoint a
commission in each county whose duty
it shall be to examine at least once
every month the masculine part of 'the
family wardrobes of our citizens.
This stato t.nd others are in such
roarlnsrly prosperous condition that it
might be wise to pass a few more laws
to drive more industries from this state
and thereby prevent too many of 'is
from becoming millionaires.
SENATORS WHO WILL II K. MISSKD
Great Britain's assurance that she
will pay for captured cotton cargoes
was not needed. She surely will, for
by and by Uncle Sam will be a bull
dog of a collector.
Comment on the condition of Port
land banks is needless.' - Since the
last call deposits have increased more
than a million. Enough said?
Evelyn would go to Harry's rescue
Every time Harry breaks into print
Evelyn rushes in for her share of
national anarchy have for centuries been
kept aglow, .
Mr. Watson's arraignment of inter
national anarchy points to the very
remedy suggested by Earl Grey and
frequently recommended in The Ore
fconlaa h.e enrollment; of tha armies
In a collision between jitney and
trolley car, it must be remembered the
latter is confined to its rails and can
Heavy snow 'along the western bat
tle line will make more misery for
the men fighting for king and country.
Statesmen with courage and ability
would have had the Mexican mess
straightened out long ago.
Only a few more days how until
the crack of the bat will stir the fans
Into new life.
During this rainy change of the
moon, people with colds will quit
Leave it to Bryan to find a loop
hole, no matter what happens.
- Why not quit hinting at going to
war in Italy and go?
Max Cohen Is staying put on the
island up north.
Time for a little speeding up in
the, battle zone, ,
Author of Famoua I.lnea.
LA CONNER, Wash., March 7. (To the
Editor.) If your paragrapher will look
n Funk-Wagnall's book of Practical
Quotations" ,he will find who trans
muted Into poetry the Emperor Titus'
regret about having "lost a day" for
ot having performed any worthy ac
tion since morning. The poet was Rob-
rt Bobart, a German of the period
598-1679, and the correct rendition is:
Think that day lost whose (low) de
Views from thy hand no noble action
This popular quotation is now usu
ally rendered, "Count that day lost,"
etc,, which may account for the busy
writer's perplexity in being unable to
trace its origin.
Some of these wise gems are not
strictly original, for example, Sterne's
"God tempers the wind to the shorn
lamb," which one would Imagine comes
from the Bible: but over a hundred
years before Sterne lived Herbert ex
pressed it differently in these words,
"To close-shorn sheep God gives wind
by the measure." Sterne's expression,
owing to its conciseness, will live for
ever, though it Is not as literally cor
rect as Herbert's, for sheep, not lambs,
So It appears there is nothing new
under the sun in literature.
Washington Sturgeon I.nvr.
CAMAS, Wash., March 8. (To the
Editor.) Please state what the fish
law for sturgeon in Washington is.
When is the open season for catching
with a hook and line?
The law follows:
"Hereafter it shall not be lawful for
any person or persons to take, capture
or kill in the waters of the Columbia
River or tributaries thereof any stur
geon between the first day of March
and the first day of November in each
and every year, under penalty of $20
for each and every sturgeon so taken,
captured or killed, or had unlawfully.
"It shall not be lawful at any time
to take or kill any young sturgeon
under four feet in length, or fish for
the same by any device or appliance
whatever in the waters of the Columbia
River or tributaries thereof, . . .
and when caught when fishing for
other fish shall with least possible In-
Jury be released at once."
Tribute to Hoot and Burton From
New York World.
Of the United States Senators whose
terms now expire two can 111 be spared
Root, of New York, and Burton, of
Ohio. Both are Republicans, both might
be called reactionary Republicans; but
n spite of their limited service, both
rank among the ablest men who have
sat In the United States Senate.
Strangely enough, Senator lioot and
Senator Burton are retiring from public
life because they lacked faith In the
Intelligence and common sense of their
constituents. After Senator B
so effectively supported President Wil
son In repealing the treaty-breaking
clause of the Panama Canal tolls act, he
expressed the belief that this action
alone would defeat him if he were i
candidate for re-election. When Sen
ator Root announced that he would not
again be a candidate It was common
report in Republican circles of New
York that the Senator feared to sub
ject himself to an election by popular
Mr. Root would have been the strong
est candidate the Republicans could
have nominated and would have been
easily re-elected. As for Senator Bur
ton, there is little doubt that he, too,
would have been re-elected if he had
trusted the voters.
The World' Is genuinely sorry to see
Mr. Root and Mr. Burton retire from
the Senate. We have been in opposi
tion to most of their policies and most
of their principles, but popular govern
ment always needs men of their ability
and talents. It always needs men of
their conservatism to help maintain the
balance of forces. It especially needs
men of their courage and Independence,
and this country will be the poorer in
statesmanship when Mr. Root and Mr.
Burton are no lorrger Senators in the
Congress of the -Ifnited States.
From The Oregonian, Mun h 10, 1-6.V
We learn that there are a number of
shanties rontrmpltiti'rt In the city to
lease as Celestial Dens, in addition to
those already occupied. Wa prnpof
giving the names of the gentlemen whA
make a business of leaving rremlf-s
like the above.
The balance of the stock of merchan
dise of the Ktore r Messrs. PeWl't
Co.. First and Yamhill sfreetji, will K
sold at auction by A. li. Kit hardson on
tho premises today.
Justice Cray was on the track early
yesterday of two men and a boy v.V.o
has robbed his clothesline of en amount
of linen the night before. The thieves
were traced to a point beyond the
Academy on Mill street and then out
Into the suburbs of the city, but were
lost, the falling snow havinn cnvere.1
their tracks. T. A. Wood also recently
lost some clothes in one of these depre
dations, and almost caught the thief.
John E. Andrews, of Cascade, W. T .
writes that he has a copy of h Nev
England paper of 172S which he pro
poses to present to the Library Asso
ciation of this city. Mr. Andrews was
the donor of the Roston Gazette of
1770 which was presented to the li
brary a few days ami.
Judge Marquam, of the County
Court, and Commissioners t'orbett ami
Shaw met yesterday at the l'ourlhoi-e
for the purpose of examining the bliis
for the erection of the new Courthouse
for Multnomah County. E. M. Rurtons
bid wns $8!,000: Stephens Menrten-
hall. $77,000; Goodnough & Clark.
We have heard that W. II Hector.
Esq., of Salem, Is about In leave for
Sonora, Mexico, with a cotton Bin and
thinks of becoming a permanent citi
zen under Dr. Gwin in the south neigh
The Emperor of the French is In a
dilemma. The nttltude he occupies
toward America embarrasses hint con
siderably. He watches the progress and
and successes of Marshal Baz.iine and
tho French bayonets that iimler his
command are trying to carve out of
distracted Mexico the imperial crown
that Maximilian longs for and that Na
poleon has kindly chalked out for him.
and the pleasure he experiences a hav
ing almost made a monarch find crushed
out a people is only alloyed by suc
cesses that little suit his plans and nie
suggestive of something like a future
reckoning between the I'nited States
Washington The Senate has con
firmed the appointment of Hush M'--
Culloch as Secretary of tho Treasury.
Jam?i Hilligiias. ot Wasco Crninty,
and Miss Elisabeth J. Baker were mar
ried Wednesday evening, March 8, In
this city by Justice of the Peace (i. R
Gray. George Armingtrout and Mies
Melissa Ann Walker wern ninrrle'l
Marcli 3 at the home of the bride's par
ents, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Walker.
Justice Jackson tied the kr.ot.
t ax i. ni l:
Farmers Handicapped by l ack af Ma
terial to Correct Soli Aridity.
PORTLAND. March 9. (To the Edi
tor.) The Industry of aciKulture Is
now and will he for some time to come
Oregon's chief economic asset. With
that fact In mind vP o"Kht to do every,
thing possible to put agriculture on the
soundest anW most permanent basis
In this connection it may he well to
call attention to ore ot tho thint.
which the recent Ia Kislat in e failed to
do. It failed to make some sort of
practical provision for a comparative
ly cheap supply of limestone for the
use of farmers in this stale.
1 have It on the authority of a com
petent chemist and Mil expert that "at
tho present time the Stale of Oregon
is handicapped from the lack of n suit
able supply of cheap limestone. In
Western Oregon In particular there is
a lot of acid soil and limestone t-hoiil'l
be added to correct tills n.lillly. At
the present time we are not utile to
get limestone at a figure thai would he
protitable to tho farmer."
Oregon soils, accoMlng to huh same
uthority. are well supplied with phos
phorus, so for tho time belnir we need
not be concerned about a phosphorus
shortage. Hut our farmers need to
have their soils properly nourished
with all tho plant-fuod elements. A
lack of any one clement means re
stricted production. This lesson has
been well learned In such stales ns
Illinois and lowu.
In Illinois, for Instance, the stale
sells crushed limestone to the farmer
as low as lu rents a ion. i no laoor
Ms done by tho convicts In one of tint
PORTLAND. March 9. (To the Edi
tor.) Kindly inform me whether" the
newly irrigated land in Central Oregon
has railroad transportation and as to
population and size of district.
If the Tumalo project is meant write
to Secretary State Land Board. Salem,
Orejron, ; .
A lady is my Eloise,
So gentle, sweet and fair.
Her hair reflects the sun's bright rays,
For threads of gold are there.
My one desire is to please
Sometimes my Eloise Is gay;
She is a winsome miss;
Her cheeks remind you of the rose;
Her lips were made to kiss:
I plead for one on bended knees
I think of Eloise by day,
I dream or her by night,
And when I know that she is near
The sunshine seems more bright.
I'm tempted, in my arms to seize
My Eloise can haughty be:
From her proud eye a glance
Would make the stoutest heart to quake
If thoughtlessly, perchance.
He should betray desire to tease
But best of all my Elelse
Ts good, as she is true;
To know her is to love her;
Oh, how I wish she knew
My love, and How I long to please
E. M. W.
Bela-ium Territory Held by Germans.
SHERWOOD. Or., March 7. (To the
Editor.) Could you please tell me the
nearest approximation of territory held
by Germans In Belgium up to February
8, 1915? A READER.
About 9000 square miles. Belgium's
total r a i J1.37J o.auax miles.
penitentiaries. Some wonderfully bene.
ficial results have come from the usa
of limesti.'iie on many soils. The price
here Is $9 or $10 a ton. Is not that
too much of , a burden for Oregon
farmers to bear? Society would only
bo helping itself by making: It easier
for Oregon farmers to get this needed
plant-food element. RURAL LIKE.
PORTLAND. March . (To the Edi
tor.) To settle a dispute will you
kindly inform me whether there Is In
America a magazine cievoled to the
encouragement of poetry, and If so
what Is its name and address. Re
spectfully. CONSTANT READER.
An endowed magazine published In
Chicago under the name Poetry Is
devoted to the encouragement of risin;;
FOREST GROVE. Or.. Mar. S. 'To
the Editor.) I see in The OrcKOtiinn of
March 4 that the Volunteer Officers
bill passed Congress without a dis
senting vote. Is that correct?
CAPTAIN U. W. rtlblis.
The Volunteer bill passed ss stated In
Prices I 'a Id for Coins.
PORTLAND. March !. (To tho Edi
tor.) Please tell me the value of a
dime of 1S71. and where I can dispose
of them. W. M. MAYBEE.
It Is not listed by collectors as of
Newspaper In Birmingham.
BAKER, Or., Mar. 7. (To the Edi
tor.) Could you tell me the name of a
newspaper published In Rlrmlnitham,
Alabama? AN OLD SUBSCRIBER.
Move For Fair Flay
Pome of the great Eastern rail
roads feel that they have been In
jured by unwise legislation.
Accordingly they have gotten to
gether for a newspaper advertising
campaign to create public senti
They are taking the public Into
their confidence and pointing out
exactly how they have heen hurt.
Already the campaign has aroused
much comment and has undoubtedly
put the compar.ls In a better light.
It Is an evidence of the trend of
the times and a further evidence of
the fact that the way . to reach
thinking men and women Is through
open, frank, fair newspaper advertising.