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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 4, 1915)
Subtle Change Seen in
Feeling of People.
ARMY SEEMS TO FADE AWAY
Movement to Front Indicated,
Though Nothing Is Said.
YOUNG MEN ARE MISSING
Observer, Says Will Irwin, Begins to
Believe Army at Front Is Larger
Tlian Authorities at Home
. Jx't People Know.
BT WILL IRWIN'. '
LONDON, Feb. 12. London is settling
down to the pace of war. Two months
ago, when I last left for America, it
was a common saying that the average
Londoner behaved as though nothing
were happening which involved him and
his empire. The contrast between this
imperturbable capital and closed, qniet,
grief-stricken Paris or paralyzed Brus
sels struck the observer, sometimes,
with a disagreeable sense of contrast.
Now it begins to look like a city at
war. It Is true that the shops are all
open; it is true that theaters, hotels
and concert-halls and cafes are running.
But the change in London is a subtler
thing than, these. mere external appear,
Tenng Mta Gone Frtn Stret.
' Most of all, one notices the lack of
young men on the streets. In Paris,
during October and November, the
crowds gave a curious appearance of
weakness, of languorous movement,
which, upon analysis, proved to be due
to that absence of young and lusty
men. Then you came to London and
found the streets full of vigorous, red-
cheeked young Knglishmen. That type
is fast disappearing; the young men
you see here, as in Paris, look charac
terlstlcally small and weak unfit ma
tcrlal to go against the guns.
Tou begin to believe wbat many Eng
lishmen whisper that the Kitchener
army Is larger than the authorities
have let us know.
Hearts in France and Flanders.
There's the feeling of war in the air,
too, an indescribable sense of some
thing very grave and serious afoot. I
realized it most fully last night, when
I dined in one of the large and popular
Piccadilly restaurants. Externally, the
crowd looked about the same as ever,
though the dining-room was not so full
as in normal times. There were the
same well-groomed Knglishmen in
mart evening dress; there were the
same not-quite-so-well-groomed Eng.
llsh women in evening dress which
ranged from smart to dowdy; there
were the same liveried doorkeepers and
attentive waiters. To the eye the only
mark of war were the khaki uniforms
officers seizing a last chance to take
out their nances or their families.
Finally, the music stopped, and I was
struck by the silence. I thought at
first that no one was talking at all. I
had to strain my ears to perceive that
they were all talking, but in sub
An English dinner crowd Is never
noisy, of course, but never before have
I heard in a restaurant such quiet as
this. The mood of England was in it,
I think. They are going about the
accustomed motions of life, but their
hearts and their thoughts are in
War Scenes Shift Constantly.
The scenes of war keep shifting,
even here in the capital. Two days
ago Tommies in plain khaki and High
landers in bare knees crowded the
streets. Today there is only a sprink
ling of soldiers, and the officers are
less prominent about the hotels and
cafes. By this, and by this alone, we
know that there lias been a movement
of troops. The newspapers never men
tion such a fact; even the families of
the soldiers get no news in advance.
We only know that they were here yes
terday and are here no more, just as
In the early days the regiments van
ish into the lurid mists of war.
We may not even know what this or
that regiment has been doing on the
line. The censor cuts out all mention
of individual commands.
Canadian Treops Are Missed.
The Canadians have vanished of late,
whether to the line or only to camp I
cannot say. The Americans in Lon
don regret for their own sake the
passage of these . strapping. lively
young colonial volunteers. Only an
expert can tell a Canadian from an
American of the United States, any
way. These were largely Western
Canadians, and as such" own brothers
to our Westerners. Many, If rot most,
privates in their ranks are men of pri
vate" means prosperous wheat farmers
or young miners. They hold exactly
the same ideas of discipline as our own
volunteer regiments. Also they ap
peared in their time to be the only
people in England who took the war
with what Americans would consider
proper national enthusiasm. I saw the
reserve officers of the Coldstream
Guards go off to Havre in October.
It was something of an occasion. The
Prince of Wales came down to see
them off. But no one cheered or made
the slightest fuss.
I saw General "Sam" Hughes, of
Canada, leave London for more troops.
WILSON'S TRIP TO
CANAL IS CUT OFF
COXGKESS REFUSES TO DEFRAY
Many Features of Elaborate Excr-
' clses Planned for Formal Opening-
to Be Abandoned.
WASHINGTON, March 3. Many fea
lures of the elaborate exercises planned
for the formal opening of the Panama
Canal in July will be abandoned as
the result of the action of Congress in
refusing to make the appropriation for
fhA numose asked for by Secretary
Garrison, of the War Department.
The appropriation requested was to
defrav the expenses of a trip to tn
r,nii hv President Wilson, members
of Congress members of the diplo
matic corps, representatives from for
eign governments and. other special
euests. including ex-Presidents Roose
velt and Taft Provision also was to
be made tor a banquet and other en
tertainments on the Isthmus, for" gold
medals, souvenirs and for the printing
of special invitations.
It was intimated tonight that tne
President himself would not go to the
formal opening, which is planned for
July, but it is possible that ne may
change his present plans. The Navy
Department has an appropriation for
sending the fleet to the Canal and it
was said that some kind of exercises
probably would be held.
All of the Presidents plans for the
Spring and Summer months were said
tonight to be dependent on the inter
national situation. 'While the prospects
for his going by train to San Fran
cisco later this month were said to be
brighter, he will make no final ar
rangements for the present
COMET IS COMING NEARER
Passage Around Sun Now Scheduled
for July. 20.
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., March 3. Mel
lish's comet, which is visible in the
morning skies through a email tele-'
scope, is increasing in brilliancy and
will make its perihelion passage
around, the sun on July 20, according
to computations made by Professor
Crawfqrd and Miss Young of the Stu
dents' Observatory, Berkeley, Cal.
This was announced at the Harvard
ARMY FEARS SEA, SAYS FOE
British, Including King, Kefuse
Cross Channel, Berlin Hears.
BERLIN. March 3, by wireless to
Sayville, N. Y. The Overseas News
Agency gave out today a dispatch
saying that the King of England has
postponed his trip to the continent ap
parently on account of the German
It is reported from Rotterdam that
parts of the British army .have refused
to cross the channel owine to fear of
submarines, the same agency says.
WiLSON T0RECEIVE TODAY
Senators and Representatives to Bid
WASHINGTON. March 3. President
Wilson will keep "open house" tomor
row from 9:3!) to 10:30 A. M. o'clock at
the White House to receive members of
the Senate and House who wish to bid
him farewell before leaving for their
He was In almost constant communi
cation tonight with leaders of both
Houses concerning pending legislation.
' : L
!- ??g0&2L: i ?;'"- -t- M' -lr ' i It ' i -m
3 MORE FORTS IN
Turks on Gulf of Saros
Also Are Shelled.
52 WARSHIPS ARE ON SCENE
Russian Cruiser Joins Anglo
RETURN FIRE INEFFECTIVE
Casualties of Allies Are Only . Six
Wounded, While Many Big Guns
of Fortifications, Searchlights
and Telegraph Are Razed. '
LONDON, March S. A dispatch to
Reuters Telegram Company from
Athens says: -
"The allied fleet today bombarded
and reduced to silence the forts of
Dardanus, Hamidieh and Tchemerlik,
on the'Asiatic side of the inside Dar
danelles. The telegraph station at Be-
zikai also was demolished.,'
"The bombardment was carried out
by nine ships, which advanced two
miles up the straits."
Fifty-two Vessels In Fleet.
A Paris dispatch says the Havas
News Agency gave out a dispatch this
afternoon confirming the report pub
lished in the Paris Matin this morn
ing that an allied fleet resumed the
bombardment of the Dardanelles Tues
This dispatch, dated at Athens
March 2, reads:
"The bombardment of the interior
fortifications of the Dardanelles was
resumed this morning. The allies have
total of 62 warships on the scene.
Five of them entered the straits.
While this movement was going on
four battleships began the bombard
ment of the Turkish positions front
ing on the Gulf of Saros, which is sep
arated from the Dardanelles by the
Forts Return Fire.
The Admiralty late tonight issued
the following report regarding the
bombardment of the Turkish forts by
the Anglo-French fleet:
'The operations in the Dardanelles
were resumed at ii o ciock juonday
morning when the Triumph, Ocean and
Albion entered the straits and at
tacked Fort No. 8 and the batteries at
White Cliff. The fire was returned
by the forts and also by field guns
"An air reconnaissance made by
naval seaplanes in the evening brought
the report that successful new gun
positions had been prepared by the
enemy but that no guns were erected
in them The seaplanes also located sur
"During Monday night a force of
minesweepers covered by destroyers
swept within a mile and a half of
Cape Kephes and their work which
was carried out under Are, is reported
to have been excellent
Ship Casualties Are Slight. -
Casualties sustained during the day
Concluded oa Page 2.)
ONE OF THE MOST
. ' . . . An-v vi.vi. -
M Anwr. .unuas " " ' - - ",,. .di. vTciii f
WAS COMMAND ISSUED TO GERMAN TROOPS. BODIES ARE IIBL1.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Iaxtmum temperature,
33.9 degrees; minimum. 38.0 degrees.
TODAY'S Probably showers, variable winds.
French report says heavy losses have been
inflicted on Germans, rage
Six thousand Austrians captured in East
Gallcia. i'ase 3.
French and German law eovernine cases
like that of Dacia are strikingly similar.
Britain will decline to glvs up advantage
calned by superiority of navy, i-age i
Three more forts in Dardanelles are silenced
by allied fleet. Page 1.
Will Irwin says effect of war Is more notice
able In London. Page 1.
Bryan protests to Carrar.za that Obreson has
misrepresented food situation in Mexico
city. Pas s.
General Wood denies Army has any connec
tion with American Legion. Pago 5.
Murder of banker and wife committed by
- confessed robber, says companion. Page 5.
Beavers, plump and out of condition, begin
to take off weight at Fresno. Page 12.
Shortstop Keed, of Phillies, refuses to re
port to Portland Beavers. Page 2.
Illinois Athletic Club basketball team to
play Multnomah tonight. Page 1-.
Uncle Sams expect hard contest with Vic
toria tonight. Page 12.
Harry Mlnto, of Salem, chosen Warden of
Penitentiary to succeed B. K. Lawaon.
Page 6. .
Washington Democrat Is In ring for guber
natorial nomination. Page 7.
Itoseburg nurse, heiress to $25,000, left her
by Chicago banner, says sue a not iu
matrimonial mart. Page U.
Proposal for partial return of convention
passes Senate at Olympla. Page 7.
Idaho Legislature, facing work without pay,
kilU many bills. Page 6.
Commercial and Marine.
Japan is heavy buyer of Northwestern red
wheat. Page 17.
England reported to have bought Argentine
1916 surplus. Page 17.
Stocks higher because of Germany's accept
ance of Washington's proposals. Page 17.
Many grain carriers in harbor and loading
will be hurried. Page 14.
Fortland and Vicinity.
Mrs. J. L. Patterson state
Daughters of American
C. N. McArthur becomes Representative :n
Congress today. Page 11.
C. R. HIggins, Astoria banker, buys 56 lots
in Industrial center for $161,000. Page 17.
Governor and Mrs. Wlthycombe ' luncheon
guests of dry forces today. Page 13.
New electrical code" adopted by Council with
emergency clause. Page 13.
North Portland Club protests against sewer;
wants slough cut. Page IS.
New film dramas are" cheerful. Page 13. .
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 17.
LAWRENCE IS REAPPOINTED
State Printer Recommends That His
Secretary's Pay Be Greater.
I.SALEM," Or., March 3.-(Special.)
Arthur Lawrence, of Portland, was 're
appointed State Printer by the Board
of Control today. His salary is $1800
a year, which is fixed by statute.
R. A.- Harris, under the old law, re
ceived $4000 a year. William Plimpton,
secretary of the department, received
$2000 a year under the old law, and Mr.
Lawrence has suggested to the Board
that he should continue to receive that
salary, or more, if the Board sees fit
to allow it.
ASIATIC WORKER BILL DIES
Montana' Measure Killed on Word
From State Department.
HELENA, Mont., March 3. An unfa
vorable committee report on the em
ployment of white women with Asiatics
was adopted today in the House with
out discussion, thus killing the measure.
It ' was this bill to which the Jap
anese Ambassador at Washington
raised objections and concerning wlfch
Senator Walsh yesterday telegraphed
Governor Stewart at the suggestion of
Secretary of State Bryan.
STRIKING PICTURES EVER TAKEN
irh w v.- 4 ri.- nw. TF-nailTir F1RK OF
SHIP BILL FORCES
Formal Surrender Is
Made in Senate
HARSH Wt'. MriE FORGOTTEN
NIGHT SESSION GOES ON
Rivers and Harbors' Substitute Mea
sure Appropriating $30,000,000
for Existing Projects
Sent to President.
WASHINGTON', March 3. The death
of the ship-purchase bill and the prob
able defeat of the postoffice appro
priation bill were features of the ses
sion of Congress tonight.
Both houses were in session at mid
night. At that hour only one appro
priation bill remained .in conference,
but the indications were that it wouU
Fletcher Announces) Surrender.
The end of the long and bitter fight
over the Government ship purchase bill
came late today in the midst of consid
eration of the war claims bill m tne
Senate. Senator Fletcher, who had led
the champions of the measure, an
nounced tne Burreuuoi w "i t'""- .
after Senator Weeks, of Massachusetts,
had given notice that the Republicans
would talk it to death if It came up
Senator Fletcher had moved tnat tne
Senate ask the House for further con
ference on the bill. Then Senator
Bankhead, one of the Democrats who
revolted against the measure, discussed
its approaching collapse and said he
forgave his Democratic colleagues for
harsh words spoken in heat of debate
against those who had broken away
from the party on the issue.
senator Weeks recalled the scenes
lhat attended the long filibuster by ris
ing behind a huge pile or dooks ana
papers and launching into another
speech against the bill. He announced
that he would speak for an hour or
txi-n nnrt read the names of 24 other Re
publican Senators who were prepared to
discuss the subject.
Inevitable la Recognized.
Senator Fletcher interrupted and af
ter reiterating arguments in favor of
the bill and briefly discussing the ship-nine-
"It is perfectly evident, in view of
the announcement by the Senator from
Massachusetts, that it will be Impos
sible to pass this bill at this time. We
have but a few precious hours left in
the life of this Congress in which to
complete important work, and, in order
that we may proceed to other business,
I wish to end this discussion by with
drawing my motion, which I shall not
As Senator Fletcher took his seat
Republican Senators who had conduct
ed the filibuster gathered in the rear
of the Senate chamber and exchanged
congratulations. Senator Root shook
hands with Senator Lodge and both
turned to grasp the hands of Senators
Weeks, Burton, Gallinger, Smoot and
. "This ends the greatest fight in the
(Concluded on Page -'.)
ON A BATTLEFIELD.
Photo Copyright, Underwood & Underwood.
PREXC1T MACHINE GUNS AT CHAMPAGNE. -AT ANY COST."
i if.H 1 THK KVE C.tS SDK.
AS FAR AS IMH 1 r
Wednesdays War Moves
IN their determination to relieve
Prxemysl and drive the Russians out
of Galicia, the Austro-German armies,
which for some weeks have been on the
Galician side of the Carpathian Moun
tains, have, during the last few days,
made repeated attempts to break
through the Russian entrenchments, but
without success. Since Sunday, last,
when, in massed formation, they threw
themselves against Russian troops
holding strong positions, the Austro
Germans have attacked repeatedly, in
spite of the heavy losses which this
kind of fighting entails.
According to the Russian official ac
count, the Austrians on Tuesday deliv
ered furious attacks between the San
and Ordawa rivers, bnlv to be thrown
back, as they were In their previous
efforts, while the Germans made sev
eral fruitless attempts around Ko
ziouwka and Rojanka, at the latter
point losing two companies, which were
surrounded and annihilated.
No estimates have been published of
the losses sustained by the German
armies in their efforts to break through
the Russian lines at these places, but
they are believed to have been large,
as the Russian positions were almost
Regarding the Austrians' attempt to
outflank the Russians in Eastern Gali
cia, two Russian official reports have
said that the Austrians suffered a se
vere reverse and that they lost in pris
oners alone more than 6000 men. The
Russians also captured several guns
and a large quantity of transport ma
terial. On' the other extreme, in North
Poland, the Russians have either as
sumed the defensive or are retiring,
except at Ossowetz, where they con
tinue to bombard the fortress. Berlin
reports unofficially that at this point
the Germans have succeeded in silen
cing two forts. Their attempt to ap
proach the city, however, has been re
pulsed by the Russians.
The Germans, while claiming success
near Augustowo. where they captured
1500 prisoners from among the Rus
sian forces who tried to cross the Bohr
River, admit that they have withdrawn
their advance guards south of Mys
zyniec and that the Russians have been
feeling their way forward to the north
west of Przasnysz.
The fact seems to be that the Rus
sians are advancing along the whole
northern line, but slowly because of the
mud which impedes the movement of
guns and transport wagons. They have
been abio to reinforce their armies at
every threatened point and are now
considered to be in as good a position
as the Germans, who have left their
railways behind them.
With the allied fleet again bombard
ing the Dardanelles and the Russians
pushing their offensive In the Caucasus,
the Near East is again coming into the
limelight. The Russians have scored
a distinct success by the capture of the
Turkish port of Khopa, on the Black
Sea, from which the Turkish army in
the Caucasus drew part of its supplies.
Unofficial reports say that besides
the ships which entered the Dardanelles
and are bombarding the inner forts,
some of the fleet are throwing shells
overland Into the Gulf of Saros, so that
the Turkish garrisons will be subjected
to fire from two sides. The Turks are
concentrating strong forces for the de
fense of Constantinople and the Balkan
states are watching the operations with
intense Interest. The success or failure
of the allies' attempt tq open the straits
means much to the Balkan nations.
The King of Greece has called a
grand council, including the Premier,
ex-Premiers and other statesmen, for a
full discusslcn of the situation. The
chamber later will hear the report of
BRITAIN TO INSIST
Advantage of Blockade
Not Given Up.
FIRM REPLY IS PLANNED
Germany Would Do Likewise,
FLOATING MINES DENIED
Arming of Merchant Ships Said to
Have Been IXcsorled To Only Af
ter Enemy Announced AVar
fare ot Submarines.
LONDON. March 3. The order-ln-.
council putting the English declaration
against German commerce Into iffeil.
it Is said authoritatively, will explain
the details as to how the Admiralty
will proceed in enforcing the sweeping
The exact date of the order has not
yet been decided on, but it will prob
ably be published In a few days.
Great Britain has not yet prepared
her answer to the American note sub
mitted to the British and German
governments looking to the withdrawal
of the submarine blockade and the con
tinuance of food movements to Ger
many for civil population.
. Naval Advantaice Inalatcd Oa.
The publication of the text of the
American noto and Germany' reply
in the London papers hua attracted
The Encllsh view, which will un
doubtedly be embodied in the note to
the American Government, is that the
suggestions proposo that Great Britain
virtually forego the strength of her
position due to her superior navy. In
other words. Great Britain feels that
Germany is trying to have the neu
trals perform duties for her which she
could possibly carry out had she a su
1 ae of Floating Mlara Denied.
furthermore, the British government,
it Is asserted, will ask what assurance
the United States can give that Ger
many would not resume her submarine
activities after she had obtained suf
ficient food under the relaxed regula
tions to enablo her to carry on tho war
England's reply to the suggestion
that the belligerents cease the ubo of
floating mines will be that eho has
never used them. The English posi
tion as to tho use of neutral flags and
the arming of merchant ships is thnt
no general order has been Issued for tli
use of the nags of neutral states and
that merchant ships were armrd only
after Germany had declared a subma
Washington Now IlcMs Its Hope of
Settlement on London.
WASHINGTON, .March 3. The offici;il
text of Germany's reply to the sugges
tions of the United Stales Government
with reference to the abandonment of
submarine warfare on merchant ahl
and the shipment of foodstuffs to the
civilian population of belligerents was
received today by the Stale Depart
ment. The German communication i an
acquiescence on practically all of the
points proposed by the United Mates.
Administration officials were greatly
pleased both with Its tone and promise
of a cessation of submarine warfare on
unarmed merchant ships If shlpmcnls
of food to German civilians are not
All eyes are now turned on London,
where the reply of the allies to the
same communication from the United
States will be formulated. An araul
escence by Great Britain would com
pletely alter the situullon, as It would
involve alno a witndrawal of the latent
declaration of an emharso on all com
merce by sea oetwecn Germany and
it was admitted at the State Depart
ment today that a piotet and other
forms of reply to the British declara
tion were under ronsldcration, but the
impression prevailed that no step would
be taken until the reply of the alllea to
the propoKal, now approved by Get
many, waa in hand.
AllhotikTh the answer from Germary.
transmitted by Ambassador Gerard, left
one or two points still to be neuoliatel.
the fact that It promised that no at
tacks by submarines would be made on
any merchant vessels. If they were un
armed, provided there was no fictitious
use of flairs, raised the hopes of ofli-
cials that .-omethlnz tanalhlc would re
sult from the negotiations. There wan
a feeling of confidence epeclally that
some restrictions would be adopted con.
cernlng the use of mine.
Some high officials urew optlmlntle
concerning Great Britain's reply. Thry
pointed out that the retaliatory meas
ures just announced by England where
by Germany's commerce with tho out
side world was to be stopped were In
reality drafted Immediately after the
German Admiralty proclaimed the war
zone around Great Britain and Ireland,
and were suommea oy i-.ngianu iu nn
allies before the American aungestlons
for a solution were interposed. When
tho allies finally approved. Great Brli-
ain had no other course for tho present.
some officials thought, than to announr
her retaliatory measures.
The fact that in announcing thm
the British government stated that the
steps did not constitute a reply to the
American Government's proposals is I -sarded
as confirmatory of tho idea that
the new declaration may yet be re
voked. If a modus vlvendl is reached
with Germany through tho United
ll'vucludcd un !'" - )
Concluded on Pag 6.J