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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 15, 1915)
THE MORNING OREGOXIAX, FRIDAY, JANUARY 15, 1915.
BLEASE RESIGNS AS
PERSIANS JOIN Ifl
TWO OF ITALY'S MOST NOTED LANDMARKS DAMAGED BY
TERM DRAWS TO END
... -v. JfjF
Eccentric Governor Gives No
Reason and His Note to
Legislators Is Brief.
Further Successes Over Czar
r " t, .. tr,.-f-" r.iiiTin lily -c
in Supposedly Neutral Na
tion Reported by Turks.
Ill 'l,MH III 1"' "U--
Today in the
CAREER IS SPECTACULAR
PETROGRAD FILES PROTEST
mm AID ENDS SALE!
r-hah Not as Firm in Maintaining
Integrity of Country as He Is
Kxpccted to Be, Say Officials.
Strategic Roads Taken.
LONDON. Jan. 14. That Persian
Imnna are aldina the Turks in their ad
vance through Persia toward the Rus
sian frontier was officially announced
lodn v In Constantinople.
A Petrograd dispatch also confirms
Turkish reports of evacuation by the
Russians of several positions in the
'aucasu. but the Ku...; declares
the evacuation waa not under pressure
and was executed aa planned in accord
ance with new developments.
The official report from the Caucasus
army received from Tctrograd tonight
"To avoid any false understanding: of
wur operations in Azerbaijan during tne
last few days, the General Staff of the
'aucasus army deems it expedient to
give the following explanation:
Regrouping; la Xeeeasary.
"From the beginning of the decisive
action In the principal region of this
theater of the war ,it appeared neces
sary to regroup our troops. In accord
ance with this, we proceeded In Azer
baijan to concentrate our troops at
certain points which demanded the
evacuation of several pointa we had
"Xhla rearrangement of our forces
was not under pressure of the enemy,
but 1n accordance with a specially de
vised plan. During this operation no
Important action took place, except an
engagement which our advance guard
had near Miandous. Thus we did not
evacuate Azerbaijan. but adopted
changes in positions answering better
the new developments."
An Amsterdam dispatch contains a
Constantinople official communication
"Assisted by Persian troops, our army
Is steadily advancing In Azerbaijan
Province. Persia. In order to deliver the
country from the Russian yoke.
British Tribesmen Surrender.
"Wt have had further notable suc
cess, occupying advanced positions of
the Russians in the vicinity of Tabriz.
"A number of tribesmen of the Brit
ish army of occupation in Egypt have
surrendered to our vanguard."
The occupation by Turkish troops of
the Tabriz district in Northern Persia
derives its strategic importance from
the fact that it carries with it Turkish
control of highways and railroads lead
ing to the Russian frontier. These
roads, which provide the only practica
ble routes through Persia, are owned
and managed by either the Russian
government or Russian companies
which have obtained concessions from
The occupation of Tabriz by the
Turks was accomplished only after a
liard fight, in which artillery was em
ployed, according to information that
lias reached the Persian Legation here.
Hassan All Khan Gaffary. first secre
tary of the legation, said that the Rus.
nion garrison at Tabriz had offered
Mubborn resistance, but had been com.
pc led to retire, owing to tne over
whelming numerical superiority of the
Difficult .March Executed.
Russian troops had been garrisoned
In Northern Persia since the revolution
in that country in 1906-07. under agree
ment with Kngland. which for a time
controlled the southern portion of the
The Turkish forces which occupied
Tabriz came from Erzerum. covering
j. 10 miles over a circuitous route,
through a difficult mountainous terri
tory. The Russian government continues to
protest against Turkey's violation of
Persian neutrality and Intimates that
Persian officials have not taken suffi
ciently energetic measures to prevent
nrssiAXs c.i.v ox vistcxa
At a nee In Kast Prussia Repulsed,
However, Says Berlin.
rETROGRAD. Jan. 14. The follow
ing official statement was Issued from
general headquarters tonight:
"Yesterday we made progress on the
Tight bank of the Lower Vistula, our
troops changing position In a manner
favorable to them. The cavalry of the
enemy operating in this region was re
pulsed, leaving Zrpetz in the possession
of our vanguard.
"On our other fronts nothing has oc
curred other than skirmishes and artil
lery duels. Our reconnoiterlng parties
have been active.
"On the left bank of the Vistula
Isolated German attacks were easily
repulsed by our fire.
T)n various portions of our Austrian
front the enemy tried to cannonade our
position with heavy guns, but the ef
ficiency fire of our batteries soon
silenced the Austrian artillery."
BERLIN. Jan. 14 (by wireless to Lon
don.) The War Office report on the
war today said:
"In the eastern theater of war Rus
sian attacks to the southeast of Gum
fcinnen (East PTUssia and to the east
of Loetzen have been repulsed and
msnr hundreds of prisoners taken.
"The situation in Northern Poland Ts
"Our attacks west of the Vistula are
bring continued. Nothing of importance
has occurred on the eastern bank of
A. 4 1
mnvv rUTKU.nrinME. IV ACHILLA. LV TIIK PIIOVISCK
THE ABRt'ZZI. BELOW THE COLOXNA ANTONIO. IN ROME.
OP FOOD URGED
All Germans Advised to Pre
pare Against Shortage.
ECONOMISTS GIVE RULES
COURT REFORM ADOPTED
Senate Accepts Amendments) and
rrmlins; Bill Is Passed.
WA.S11INGTON. Jan. 14. Reforms in
court procedure proposed In the House
Mil to restrict the number of cases In
the Supreme Court were accepted today
by the Senate and the bill was passed.
Appeals from the Porto Rican Fed
eral Court will hereafter go to the
Ki'dcrul Court of Appeals at Boston:
appeals from Porto Rican and Ha
waiian Supreme Cuurts will be restrict
ed to cases Involving Federal ques
tions and final Jurisdiction over all
trade-mark and bankruptcy cases will
hereafter rest in the Circuit Court of
No corporation organized under Fed
eral charter may hereaiter appeal to
the Supreme Court on that ground
alone. This affects most of the trans
Airmen Attack Antwerp.
AMSTERDAM, Jan. H. via London.
The Telesraaf. in its issue of today,
rays It has learned that British aviators
last Mondsy dropped bombs on the Ger
man positions at Antwerp. The dam
. - , in'l.-fc1 h- nt been lesrert
Plan of Great Britain Is to Reduce
Fatherland to Hunger and Com
pel Dishonorable Peace,' Charge
Tivnnu Doc SS. Correspondence
, - iaenl.i.j PrM I The Amster
dam correspondent of Reuter"s agency
. t-k . nf jkcnnnmlca at the
University of Berlin have issued an ap
peal to the German nation saying it is
the duty of everyone to rrusiraio me
plan of the British government which
hopes at the end of the harvest year
that hunger and want will compel Ger
many to conclude a dishonorable peace.
"Accordingly the professors gave the
following nve counsels ior mccnut m-a
danger: 'First, practice economy in
the consumption of all useful articles
of diet and make careful use of any re
fuse that may serve any practical pur
pose. Secondly, eat war bread. Po
tatoes are plentiful in Germany, while
the supply of grain for bread can only
last if it is mixed with from 10 to 20
per cent of potatoes, or if less bread
and more potatoes are consumed. Third
ly, leave white bread for the sick and
feeble, and make the most sparing use
of cakes and pastry, as Germany lacks
one-third of its customary supply of
wheat and wheat flour. Fourthly, econ
omize in the consumption of meat, lard
' " IVi still have adequate supplies of
Cattle, as many farmers cannot obtain
the usual fodder from abroad. It does
not follow, however, that we can there
fore eat more meat, for under the pres
ent circumstances the supply will soon
become scanty. In any case, the con
sumption of meat, lard and butter must
be restricted now so that peop.e need
not suffer from a want of it later. AH
who can, should now lay in for their
own use a supply of smoked ham, ba
con, sausages and suet, but not too
much at a time. Fifthly, the principal
foodstuffs should be potatoes, rye.
wheat, oats, buckwheat, vegetables and
fresh and preserved fruits.
" -iiugar may be used In large quan
tities and is an excellent article of
diet and substitute for lard and butter.
The use is especially recommended of
skim milk and the cheese made from
it "Magerkase." which, on-account of
the albumen which they contain, form
an excellent substitute for meat.
"It is not absolute want." ssys the
appeal in conclusion, but a sense of
precaution which dictates the systemat.
Ic change In the national diet which we
BRYAN HAS EYE ON SPOILS
rronMnned From First PsgO
moval instigated the present investiga
tion. The letter addressed to Vlck un
der date of August 10. 1913. said:
"Now that you have arrived and have
acquainted yourself with the situation,
can you let me know what positions
you have at your disposal with which
to reward deserving Democrats? When
ever you desire a suggestion from me
in regard to a man for any place down
there call on -me.
CasspalSB Workers Valuable.
"Tou have, had enough experience in
politics to know how valuable workers
are when the campaign is on and how
difficult It is to find suitable rewards
for the deserving. I do not know to
what extent a knowledge of the Spanish
language Is necessary for employes.
Let me know what is requisite, to
gether with the salary, and when ap
pointments are likely to be made. Sul
livan will be down before long and
you and he together ought to be able
to bring about such reforms as may be
necessary there. Tou will find Sullivan
a strong, courageous, reliable fellow.
The more I have seen of him the better
satisfied I am that he will fit Into the
place there and do what is necessary to
be done. Very truly yours,
"W. J. BRYAN."
Pulliam Turther testified that he had
warned Assistant Secretary of State Os
borne in July. 113. "under no circum
stances to have anything to do with the
Banco Nacional crowd," and had ex
plained the character of the institution
to him and that it was seeking to ex
ploit Dominican finances.
K "id he had set forth In detail
the activities of the Institution in a
letter to General Frank Mclntyre, head
of the bureau of insular affairs in the
"I was surprised and incensed," he
said, "that such a coterie got to
Bryan's ears. I was sorry to see the
receivership of customs made the sub
ject of political exploitation. I recalled
the instructions which Secretary Root
gave me when he said that those funds
should be administered as a sacred
trust. For eight years the receivership
had been operated without any trouble,
and the difficulties that later arose
were unquestionably caused by Sulli
van's transferring the funds to the
Banco Nacional. That was what they
wanted. They had no funds. They
wanted to establish credit for them
selves. Why, nobody would accept their
notes of Issue except as handbills on
the street. The bank was a Joke."
Chamberlain Present at Interview.
Fulliam said he had no doubt that
the Jarvia interests were responsible
for his removal. It developed, accord
ing to the testimony, that the customs
funds were eventually transferred to
the Michelena Bank, the original de
positary, an institution supposed to
represent the National City Bank of
New- York, and in this connection
Pulliam said that, on July 16 last, in
company with Senator Chamberlain, of
Oregon, he saw Secretary Bryan in
"This is what Mr. Bryan told the
Senator," testified the witness: 'VMy
objections to Pulliam is that he was
entirely too friendly with Michelena.'
I said, 'Now that your Administration
has been forced to put back the funds
Into the Michelena Bank, don't you
think I have been vindicated?' He
evaded the question by saying: 'It has
not been ofllclally brought to my at
tention that the transfer has been
"Did Mr. Bryan appear to be obsessed
with the belief that the power behind
Michelena was the National City Bank,
which represented to him the so-called
money trust?" asked Commissioner
"He did," replied the witness. .
The Jarvis Interests were piqued, he
said, because the National City Bank
had handled a 11.500,000 loan for the
Government in which Michelena acted
as its agent. They had represented
that the National City Bank was seek
ing to exploit the island, he said, but
as far as he knew the New York insti
tution had no other interest in Santo
Vick took the witness stand and tes
tified that Secretary Bryan, at the rec
ommendation of Boas Long, until lately
head of the Latin-American depart
ment, "and a friend of J. G. Gray, who
was a great friend of the Banco Na
cional crowd," had appointed Charles
M. Johnston, of Indianapolis, as finan
cial expert for the republic.
"Bryan told me that Johnston would
get J8000 a year and expenses," said
the witness. "Johnston was a flour
salesman in Mexico, and as far as I
know has never had any experience
that would qualify him for the job.
He's been down there six months and
hasn't done a thing yet. I was In
structed to pay his salary, but I re
fused, because it would have been ille
gal under the terms of our convention
with the republic. Johnston is sup
posed to be a sort of controller, a new
office picked out of the skies."
BRYAJT EXPRESSES APPRECIATION
OF FRIENDLY SPIRIT.
DetaUed Reply Regarded as Premature
at This Time by Secretary, Ac
WASHINGTON, Jan. 14. In a note
delivered today to Ambassador Page at
London. Secretary Bryan acknowledged
receipt of the preliminary reply of the
British government to the American
note protesting against the treatment
of neutral commerce by the British
fleet. He expressed appreciation of the
friendly spirit in which the communi
cation had been received and noted
with satisfaction that the principles of
International law set forth by the
United States had been accepted.
Further comment. Mr. Bryan said,
would be premature at this time, in
view of the intention of the British
government to reply later in detaiL
Following is a paraphrase of the Sec
retary's note: "The friendly spirit in
which the British government received
the American note, of December 28 is
appreciated. No doubt Is entertained
by us that the cordial relations between
the governments will continue pending
diplomatic discussion. This Govern
ment notes with satisfaction that the
principles of International law as set
forth in the American note are accept
ed by His Mejesty's government. As
the original note is being examined
with care by the British government
with a view t,o replying further and in
detail. It would seem premature for me
to make further answer at this time.
"It is the intention of this Govern
ment to consider in connection with
the further reply of the British gov
ernment the points raised by Sir Ed
ward Grey in connection with the pre
Penitentiary "Lett Nearly Empty by
Hundreds of Pardons Disband- ;
Ing of Militia One of Iiast -Official
rtrtr tuiot a c n lan 14. Governor
V' AJ L. -'i ' -V-
Cole L. Blease", whose terra expires
Januarv 19, toaay niea ni
wlth the Secretary of State. The
. . ; , i n the ena.te.
resignation. uiioii"" -.
was immediately accepted. Lieutenant
Governor Smith took the oath for the
No reason for the Governors action
was given in his resignation, which
contained only the words:
"I herebv resign my office as Gov
ernor of South Carolina."
It was said that Governor Blease to
day was told of a meeting of some of
ine menioeia ,
day night when, according to members
of the conierence, a' prujjuoi.
..... i v. . n , tirnf nwl lnea
against the Governor was discussed
but was abandoned.
Career In Office Spectacular.
m..,., nrtiitica.1 career has
been marked by spectacular incidents
and controversies. w nue iiiu.ii"..o
law In Newberry. S. C he became
! A ' ... nl. n,1 in 1890 Was
elected to the State House of Repre
sentatives. He also served in ""'"
ate and was President pro tem. in isih -
After a heated campaign, in
Blease defeated the Prohibition candi
. , . rtaR.i.nraHi iir manes, he
aaie in me '"" T"
was inaugurated as Governor in Janu
arv. 1911. HIS inaugural auuic,
tained scathing denunciations of some
of his enemies. Shortly after he as
sumed office he began extending clem
ency to convicts in the state Prison.
. . l. . a nivsLtAl v-conducted
ecia.mi .ma.. ' .
institution at the prison was a tuber
One statement attributed to the Gov
ernor at that time was that he "would
free at least one prisoner for each day
he served as Governor." Several days
ago he signed a blanket pardon restor
ing citizenship to approximately 1000
men and women, whom he had paroled
-Penitentiary Almost Emptied.
According to available records here,
he has granted executive clemency to
, - -. i we laavfnff fpwer than la
persons in the state penitentiary at
present. . . . TT.
i-J t-n I'll 3 HlS
mease was ic-ccv
.nm was marked hv his ulS-
ten,, .. w -
charge of practically all the notaries
public from onice, m u.noi.
magistrates who had Incurred his dis
, i v,; na,tiiniitfnn in several
lavor uu , r -
public controversies with members of
i t 1 i h iniitA with the
Federal War Department over state
militia anairs. oevtsioi ..- -
eued an order disbanding the . entire
Governor Blease and the State Legls.
. .. i .j m t,va i p n in accord.
laiure bciuuju " " - - ---Records
show that more bills have been
passed over his veto than over that of
any Governor in tne siaie s iui"j.
.i i ;nn.f n amrriflfl na.rdon-
.Dieaso mini .v, r
ing power until the end of his adminis
tration, granting clemency in 15 cases
Just before he sent in his resignation
toda?. according to an attache of the
Constitution Held In Contempt.
. 1 1. ; i nurannal Onlnion
on public matters in a public address
before a conference of Governors at
Richmond. Va.. some time ago. Blease
startled his hearers by exclaiming: To
. . I ...Btt,i,tlnnl" o Tl li nRRert-
ndl Willi L11C twianv..v...
ing he would not employ troops to pre
vent tne lyncnins m a. nc&iv 6"i
a crime against a white woman.
Last August Governor jtsieaso was u-
. ... i i . I. Banatfirinl nrtmirV. In
leaieu in ' ' ' ' -
his last message to the Legislature,
"I have attalneatne nignesi am
bition of my life. My life's work, sd
f - mv nflrnnnill interest is COn-
lai o ...
J - onmnlctprf. If mV OeO-
cerueu, uao - 1
pie want my services in mo iumic,
will give tnem, dui x snan aan. iur
CLOVER EST FUND GIVEN
Government to Aid "Willamette Val
ley Growers In Tight.
z-iTjtv-r.A.-Tifj NRWS BUREAU. Wash-
i i 14 Throuch the efforts
of Representative Hawley an appro
priation of &uuu nas oten miiu "
the agricultural bill to enable the bu-
. .f ..tnmninpv Denartment of Ag
riculture, to continue its work looking
to the suppression ana eraaicaiiou oi
whiih him been killing large
areas of clover In the Willamette Val
ley- . ,
Mr. Hawley lirst caiiea ion aueiiuuu
of the department to this clover pest
last year, and Dr. Howard, chief of the
bureau of entomology, made a personal
visit to the Willamette Valley last June
to start the work of investigation and
extermination. Dr. Howard believes
.i. cnnn inrnnrlatlon now in the
bill will be adequate to meet the needs
of the department aunng me coming
season. If, later on, it is found that a
. ...mnrin t Inn Is needed. Mr.
Hawley will undertake to have the ap
. .. - ' i .am,aa nf " i Op.nttlffh
Rugby foottall clubs. 838 have joined the
IF HOOD'S IS USED
The genuine old reliable Hood's
Sarsaparilla corrects the acid condition
of the blood and builds up the whole
system. It drives out rheumatism be
cause it cleanses the blood.
It has been successfully used for
forty years in many thousands of cases
the world over.
There is no better remedy for skin
and blood diseases, for loss of appetite.
rheumatism, stomach and Kidney trou
bles, general debility and all ills aris
ing from impure, impoverished, devi
It Is unnecessary to suffer. Start
treatment at once. Get a bottle of
Hood's Sarsaparilla from your druggist.
You will be pleased with results. Adv.
Today 9:30 A. M.
Boys' J3.50 Heavy Rubber Boots.
Men's Hip Rubber Boots 81.98
Big Boy J3.00 Heavy Rubber Boots,
pair . - . -98J
WRIGHT'S, -44 Waxhtnaton St-, Sinr S.
Economy Basement Store
Merchandise From All Over the Store
All Marked at Deepest Reductions
The Greatest Quantity
At Cost and Less
MAIL ORDERS FILLED BY EXPERT SHOPPERS
mum woujG vio.
Merchandise of J Merit Only"
Phone Marshall SOOO A 66S1
GUTIERREZ IS 8TH
Many Executives Needed to
Complete Single Term.
NEW APPOINTMENTS MADE
Carothers . Waives Resignation as
. Agent of State Department on
Refusal of Villa to Re
ED PASO, Tex., Jan. 14. Official
confirmation was received here today
of the reappointment as Provisional
President by the Vilta-Zapata conven
tion of Eulali'o Gutierrez, who thus has
become the elgnth chief executive of
Mexico itts any form during a single
Presidential term of six years. During
,h, lima nniv twn have been chosen by
popular election Diaz, who was thrown
out of office Dy tne mauero icvuiui..",
and Madero, deposed by the reaction
ary Huerta-Diaz revolt.
To complete the original Diaz term,
Gutierrez would serve until December,
1916. His predecessors in this term
are: Porfirio Diaz. Francisco Leon de
la Barra, Francisco I. Madero, Pedro
Lascurain, Victoriano Huerta, Francis
co Carbajal, Venustiano Carranza.
Annu.n(tnn vnvernment has made
X 10 ,JX 171 -
several appointments. Marios
los has been named "Introdueteur
d'ambassadeurs," an office lacking In
the United States. His duties will be
to introduce visiting diplomats to the
President. Salvador Palencia was ap
pointed Consul at Eagle Pass, Tex.
General Eugenlo Benavldes. the acting
sub-Secretary of War. was named Gov
ernor of Coahuila, General Carranza s
George C. Carothers. who has waived
his resignation as State Department
representative on urgent request of the
Washington Government, left today to
join Villa in the field. It was reported
that General Villa had refused to re
ceive Leon Conova as State Department
agent on account of Conova'a alleged
participation in the escape from Mexico
of Eduaijdo Iturbide. who acted as chief
of the federal district Just after the
Carranza evacuation. 0
NEW ZEPPELIN MAKES TRIP
Big Aircraft Soon to Begin Service
on North Sea.
GENEVA (via Paris), Jan. 14. A
new Zeppelin airship left Frledrichs
hafen yesterday on a trial flight of an
hour. After skirting Lake Constance
the airship disappeared over the Grand
Duchy of Baden and later returned
safelv to its shed.
Prior to making the trip a German
aeroplane made a scouting tour to pre
vent a surprise by French aircraft. It
is reported that the new Zeppelin will
leave soon for service on the North Sea.
Allies Get Too Much Marmalade.
. -n.f, on rPnrrannnilpn(!e Of
the Associated Press.) Through the
solicitude of mothers ana omi
. i. . i ) .-i l i cnlriiora seem to be
lives liio A,,i.o. - ,
getting more marmalade and Jam tnan
they can consume; me tumu -
. . ., .. nAncon wnmnn behind the
lines has had her larder supplied with
a quantity of sweetmeats that will ll
hr for yesrs.
The splendid work of healing whh'h
Poslam accomplishes In Krinim or any
skin disease, mukes It bent for your ure
If you seek a remedy more thai merelv
mildly efficient, which will take hoi. I
right at the start, stopping all Itrhlnu.
and eradicating the trouble wholly n.l
In very brlefr time. Because 1't.slsm
meets all these dtunands. It no enJoy
tho widest success and most extonsl
sales here and abroad.
Your druggist sells I'oslam. For fren
sample write to Emergency laborato
ries. 32 West .5th street. Now York.
PosUm Soap Is a positive trest !
temler skin or skin subject to crup
tional troubles. Non-Irritating. 2S
cents and IS cents. Adv.
DRINK HOT TEA
FOR A BAD COLD
Get a small package of llambur
Breast Tea. or. as the German folks call
it, "Hamburger Brust Thee." at any
pharmacy. Take a tnblespoonful of tin
tea, put a cup of boiling water upon. It,
pour through a sieve and drink a tea
cup full at any time. It is the most
effective way to break a cold and cut
grip, as It opens the pores, relieving
congestion. Also looncna the bowels,
thus breaking a cold at omce.
It Is Inexpensive and ntlrely vege
table, therefore harmless. iv.
II Men! II
There i great satisfaction among you who are careful
dressers to know that our
gives an opportunity to buy the quality of, clothes you
are accustomed to wearing, at a lower price. Note the dis
counts We are offering this month, and practice sensible
' economy. .
$20.00 Benjamin Suits and
Raincoats, now . .
$25.00 Benjamin Suits,
Overcoats and Raincoats,
$30.00 Benjamin Suits,
Overcoats and Raincoats
$3 5.00 Benjamin Suits,
Overcoats and Raincoats
JANUARY SALE SHIRTS A NLV UNDERWEAR
Manhattan Shirts, Arrow Shirts, E. & W. Shirts
ALL UNDERWEAR EXCEPT CONTRACT GOODS
Buffum & Pendleton