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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 15, 1915)
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PORTLAND. FKTDAr. JAJTTART 15. fM-
The Italian earthauake brings some
Tariety Into our dally diet of horrors.
Sated with the carnage of battle and
the destruction of cities by artillery,
we turn almost with a sense of relief
to other forms of woe. The earth
Quake is a spectacular performance on
the stage of nature, but compared with
the demoniac activities of man himself
it Is relatively harmless. Some 15,000
persons may have perished in the
ruins of the various Italian towns.
As many, or more, go to death
weekly In Belgium and Poland and
we have ceased to shudder at the loss.
Rome has been shaken and Naples
frightened, but a single discharge of a
modern heavy gun battery does more
damage. Nature's malignity at Its
worst scarcely competes with man's.
The 60,000 human beings who perished
In the great Lisbon earthquake became
objects of horrified pity by the un
expectedness of the fate that overtook
them, but more lives have been sacri
ficed in many a useless battle fought
to gratify the pride of Kings or satiate
the envy of rival aristocrats In church
The Italian earthquake has been
relatively merciful to life and harmless
to property. The terror which It dif
fuses over the earth flows not so much
from its actual destructiveness as from
the apparent reversal of nature's laws
which attends it. War does not dis
turb our fundamental faith in the uni
verse, because we can attribute it to
the depravity and folly of man. But
when the solid floor of the world gives
way under our feet It Is as if God had
abandoned his throne and turned his
dominion over to the powers of evil.
No wonder popular superstition always
apprehends the "end of the world"
when such catastrophes occur. If the
earth on which all things are built is
to lose its stability what hope remains
for us? The Italian earthquake lacks
none of the accompaniments which
Impose upon . the imagination and
awaken our basic dread of supernat
ural malice toward mankind. There
are wars and rumors of wars, as it was
prophesied of old there should be when
the end of the world draws nigh.
Father is fighting against son on the
bloody fields of Europe and brother
against brother. In the natal land of
the Christian religion famine rages.
Pestilence stalks through the silent
stretches of Russia and invades the
domains of Austrian tyranny. The
hands of Time's horologe have been
set back for ages in Europe and the
bright hopes of the world's dreamers
have been blighted. "For then shall
be great tribulation such as was not
seen since the beginning of the world
to this time, nor ever shall be." Has
not this prophecy come to pass in our
own day? Who knows how soon the
rest may follow? "Immediately after
the tribulation of those days shall the
sun be darkened and the moon shall
not give her light and the stars shall
fall from heaven and the powers of,
the heavens shall be shaken. When
ye shall see all these things, know
that It is near, even at the doors."
That Is. the end of the world is near.
Our only consolation in these mis
eries is that the race has passed
through worse ones and yet has not
been obliterated. Visitations of wrath
upon the world seem to be periodic
In the dim remoteness of the prehis
toric age we perceive the gaunt image
f preternatural woe stalking time
after time through the earth, depopu
lating nations and driving great masses
of men forth to wander in search of
new homes. Such may have been the
origin of the ethnic migrations which
peopled the surface of the earth, turn
lug evil finally into good. Gibbon de
picts with majestic sorrow the tribula
tions which befell the civilized world
In the declining years of Justinian, the
famous legislator. Each year was
marked, says the historian of Rome,
by the repetition of earthquakes. Con
stantinople was shaken for above forty
days. The towers of Antioch were
overthrown upon the multitudes as
sembled to celebrate the great re
ligious feast of the Ascension and
150.000 perished in a moment. "The
tottering houses are pillaged by in
trepid avarice," reflects the philosoph
ical historian, "revenge awaits the
moment and selects his victim and
the earth often swallows the assassin
or the ravisher in the consummation
of his crime." Plague added its terror
to earthquakes in the days of Justin
Ian. During three months 5000. and
finally 10,000, persons died daily in
Constantinople. Many cities of the
east were left vacant. In parts of
Italy the harvest and the vintage with
ered on the ground. Desolation is no
new thing in the Italian peninsula.
That sunny land Is the Oethsemane as
well as the Eden of the earth. The
triple scourge of war. pestilence and
famine afflicted the subjects of Justin
ian and his reign was disgraced by a
visible decrease of the human species
which has never been repaired in some
of the fairest regions of the world."
But almost everywhere the loss has
been made good. Man's recuperative
powers probably exceed his capacity
to destroy. In the Thirty Tears War
Germany was made as desolate as
Italy and the East in the reign of Jus
tinian. From Vienna to the shores of
the Baltic, from the Rhine to the Vis
tola, the cities were burned, farms laid
waste and the people massacred. All
this was done in the name of religion
as the miseries of the current Eu
ropean war are wrought in the name
of civilization. Any battle cry will do
when mankind are resolved to wreak
woe upon themselves. Pestilence no
longer threatens to extirpate the hu
man race. It has been conquered by
science. But that same science which
has done so much to eradicate disease
has only multiplied the destructiveness
of war. while volcanoes, tempests and
earthquakes have thus far eluded Its
investigations almost entirely and still
harry and slay the nations with the
elemental malignity of Kings and
WTTHOCT -i" ALTERING.
The McMinnville view ofNational
duty, as expounded by a correspond
ent from that peaceful community to
day, is' to keep out of trouble with
any other cotmtry, at any cost, and to
..i,m anv ohliation whatever to
do anything for any other people, if It
involves sacrifice, or loss, or trve em-
l,-or,f nf fnrre. That is "watchful
waiting," in its latter-day form, as dis
tinct from "watchful waiting" In its
original -phases, involving deliberate
Interference In Mexico s internal i
roi. an nniv mMl advance upon
Vera Cruz and an inglorious retreat
Th.r. n mnnv thinsrs worse than
war. One of them is dishonor. Does
our McMinnville friend think King Al
bert made an irretrievable fclunder
-hn h uteri the invader, and that
the well-nigh universal acclaim for
him as a monarch who lost nis mrone,
but saved his soul, was ill-bestowed?
r..nr tVashlneton. too. thougnt
that life under the .tyrant's heel was
not worth living, and he acted accord
ingly. Watchful waiting had no place
i u'a.htnfffnn'd vocabulary. So with
nearly every ofher great National hero".
They were men of action, not of
.'A.ji' iarrinr.1 not rjhrasemaKers,
patriots, not paclficists-at-any-price.
t-v, n.Airniiinii h'An several times an
swered the question asked by Mr. Tay
lor, and will do so again, annougn
inntiirr us to what The Oregonian
would do has no real bearing upon
what President Wilson nas oone
failed to do.
th.- n...nim thinks President
iuq w tn'""--
Wilson ought to have recognized
Huerta. and thus have given Mexico
a chance to compose its own. affairs.
It would have insisted upon protection
of American lives and meric&n prop-
... i Mirim Tt believes a rigid
attitude toward Mexico would have
made intervention unnecessary; Dut it
would have accepted the consequences
of its policy, without faltering, what
ever they were.
WRECKERS BROCGHT TO BOOK.
Judge Gatens" decision in the fore
closure suit of the Title Insurance &
Trust Company against the North-
t j-.no, instance Telephone
Company is remarkable both because
of its severe condemnation 01 me msu
nono. Ki.- which the telephone com
pany was wrecked and because it sets
a new fashion In receivers nips, n hub
been the custom for courts to appoint
of wrecked corporations
and banks men selected by the wreck
ers. These men have usually coverea
up the work of the wreckers and have
been their willing tools in freezing out
the minority and handing over the as
sets to the majority.
In this case the court itself se
lected the receiver, Mr. Coffey, and
he. being independent of the wreck-
ara hrnilffht TO liirht all their question
able transactions and operated the
property in the interest of its owners.
with the result tnat ne simwii
its earnings. The trustee under the
-. . hniHnir rtApn shown to have
acted in collusion with the wreckers.
is cot only denied compensation tor
it. r.rernrierl services, but is called
upon to refund to the telephone com
pany profits illegally maae in m
process of driving it into bankrupty.
mki. i. an AminpTittv nrnner ending
of a discreditable financial transac
tion. If more recelvexsnips enaea m
this manner, the business of wrecking
.nmnmtionn would lose many of its
attractions and there would be fewer
WORK WITH rSlTED ENERGY,
nr. A ..trill Uaa croori cause tO be
1UI. I - ' 11 O
proud of the work accomplished dur
ing his two years' service as presiucui.
- .v. "HamH'.f nf Commerce, for he
has done much fbr the upbuilding
of the city and state. But he laid more
stress on the tasks which lie befors
his successor. Mr. Clark. The city owes
deep gratitude to Mr. Averill. It has
confidence in Mr. Clark's ability and
readiness to carry on what Mr. Averill
has so well done, and owes him un
It is IncumDenr. upon roriiaim
ir- Mrrv out nlans for utiliz
ing those of our. products which now
go to waste arirUto develop markets
for them anu"4ran increased output.
This requires Mmprovement of our
means of transit irom me uueuui.
particularly by water. It requires
seeking out markets abroad and on
ifiantic fo.-ist. and the establish
ment of steamship lines. That steam
ships may be a financial success at
moderate rates, it is necessary to cre
ate a market in this state for the re
turn cargoes they snouia Dnng. mm
.mnri. and imports may be
financed, we need direct banking con
nections with South America anu
The united energies of our ablest
men will be none too great to accom
oil that wa have to do. Divided
energy is wasted energy. That our
energies may be united, it is eawuusi
that the arrangements now under way
to consolidate the Chamber of Com
merce and the Commercial Club 'be
carried to an early and a successful
conclusion. That done, we shall be
equipped to find means of selling all
that ws produce, to una a muoi i
n nil i-priirninir shiDS and
1U11 feJCS v.. . i
to increase our production continuous
ly, inat w puuimtiis " r
perity and material progress.
During the twelve years Oregon has
been under a Democratic Administra
tion the people have largely lost sight
iflranee of a complete
overthrow in the executive office, po
litical and otherwise, li is asumeu
. ntiartpra riecause appointive
officers have often been permitted to
serve out their terms in recent. jci,
that that is- the proper procedure
But there is this amerence. gov
ernor Chamberlain was succeeded in
office by a Governor who was wholly
in accord with Governor Chamber-
1 1 ; c Tha two men were in
Ulin - "
sympathy personally as well as politi
cally. Governor Lnra""
poliitees were able to work as effec
tively with Governor West as with his
The Oregonian is not committed to
the spoils system. It is confident that
Governor Withycombe is not imbued
with spoils ideas. Efficiency is or
ought to be his ideal attainment
efficlencv not only in particular de
partments, but In his entire adminis
tration. If there are officials at Salem
who by their previous attitude Indi
cated pubUcly that they believed Dr.
Withycombe did not have the capacity
or the ideals proper in a Governor, it
Is idle to expect that they would work
with him to prove that their declared
impressions were at fault. It Is equally
THE, MOENJXG OBEGOXIAy. FRIDAY, JANUARY 15, 1915.
idle to assume that Governor Withy
combe would feel free to consult them
or even safe in accepting their counsel.
Essentially the office of Governor is
not different from that of an executive
post in a large corporation. The gen
ral manager of a private enterprise
to carry out hla policies must surround
himself with men who are in sympathy
with them. The Governor must do
COIXNEL ROOSEVELT AND THE 6EB
PEJiT. There Is no peace on earth for
Colonel Roosevelt, nor any rest for his
weary soul. When he is not harassed
by one thing he is by another, so flrat
his life stretches out in a succession
of tribulations. The last serpent to
invade his Eden at Oyster Bay was
a reporter, not from an American
journal, as the reader all too hastily
infers, but a representative of the
stately London Morning Post.
Thia Insidious creature Degunea tne
Colonel with a tale that he was re-
..,-lno- tn TTnirlanrl In the caDacity Of
a retired Major from New Zealand to
report to the War Office, p. ever a
hint did he let slip that he had any
thing to do with the press. He was
,.,.,.itT Tnmtnrv throueh and through.
His conversation breathed nothing but
cannon smoke. His gestures suggest
ed nothing half so much as bayonet
thrusts. Naturally the Colonel was
delighted wtiir a guest so much after
his own heart and his good impression
was deepened by -a letter the Major
hromrht him from one of Mr. Roose
velt's friends In Congress. The letter
discreetly omitted to mention the
iiniir'i rotations with the Dress.
Unweeting of treacnery. tne townti
nnhoaomed himself somewhat to this
base deceiver. Accounts differ as to
what he said and how much, but un-rtoT-
th rieluee of diplomatic denials
which he has promptly poured forth
we may discern neDuious miosw i
the most frightful disclosures. The
Major, whose eternally blackened
noma lo Ticlher. nroceeded to belch
all the Rooseveltian confidences Into
rh. r-olnmna of the Morning i'osx.
Tea, all and a good deal more than
all, if we may trust Mr. Kooseveiu
The "Interview," as it was imagi
natively labeled, was cabled back to
New York, and, adding Insult to in
jury, was reprinted in all its horror
in tho 'New York Times and in
The Oregonian. Fancy Mr. Roose
velt's emotions as he perusea ine
mendacious paragrapns. . cut no
has his revenge. One more name
goes upon the long and infamous roll
of the Ananias Club. One more liar
meets his reward. The Colonel says
he has never been so basely betrayed
by any American reporter as by this
foioo, British Ma1or Sooner or later
every great and good man meets his
ALIEN LABOR LAWS VOID.
A special Federal Court has held
that no state has power to abridge
nv mnn'a rle-ht to work, for It has
declared unconstitutional the law
adopted by initiative vote in Arizona
rootrlotino- the number of aliens which
any person may employ. The provis
ion in the Federal Constitution, wnicn
the Arizona law violates is the Four
teenth Amendment, which reads:
No state shall make or enforce any law
which shall abridge the privileges or im
munities of citizens of the United States;
nor shall any state deprive any person of
life, liberty or property without due process
of law, nor deny to any person within its
jurisdiction the eQual protection of the laws.
The law In question forbade em
ployment of more than 20 per cent of
aliens by any person employing more
than five persons. The court held that,
if this restriction were sustained, the
percentage of aliens might as easily be
reduced to five, or alien labor might
mx ontirelv excluded. It held the right
of labor to be a property right, just
as other courts have neia me ngni. iu
do business. Aliens resiaem in uie
United States are guaranteed equal
rights not only by the Constitution,
tips between the United
States and the countries whence they
Not only does the Arizona law de
prive men of a property right. It may
wa.ii h hold to deDiive him of liberty
and to strike at his life, for if a man
may not work in what sense is he free
and how is he to live? The law was
prompted by a desire to secure work
for American citizens in preterence m
rnroi mrs hut bv nreventing the em
ployment of cheap, unskilled labor it
would probably prevent penormance
Of that work wnicn IS a necessary yic-
liminary to the employment of skilled
T-hia iiofislon mav aDDly to tnose
nf manv states and cities con
fining employment on public work to
citizens. It wisely requires our iaoui
laws to harmonize with our immi-
trratlon laws, for if we permit aliens
to come to this country and then deny
them work, we impose upon ourselves
tvm intnlorahle burden of supporting
thousands of men who are kept in Idle
ness by our own acts.
The case will doubtless be carried
t ihn Snmvme Court and there we
may expect a definition of the rights of
foreigners, both under our tonbiuu
those treaties which
guarantee equal treatment to subjects
of other nations. We may see an euu
put to the adoption by states of laws
,.-,!.. nffert thn relations of the
United States with other nations, and
we may see the principle estaDiisnea
that the United States alone can legis
late with regard to aliens and that all
tats laws dealing witn tnem are vom.
GROWING SEEDS OF REVOLT.
The lesson to be drawn from the re
cent attempted insurrection in the
Philippine Islands was given to the
House by Representative Miller, of
Minnesota, who visited the islands
only a year ago-. Sporadic insurrec
tions are started at intervals, for the
mass of the natives are ignorant, sim
ple and easily led. Mr. Miller told of
insurrection, started while he was
there, by 65 men with two shotguns.
So long as there is a strong govern
ment backed by the United States
...i.i. omnia mliitarv force, and so long
as such outbreaks are promptly sup
pressed they are unimportant, out. mi.
Miller cited cbnditions which explain
and give significance to the recent
He told of the "spreading broadcast
among the people of a disrespect for
the American flag"; of the idea "un
consciously given to the people that to
criticise, to belittle, to arraign, to con
demn, to cry out against that which
had been done by the American Gov
ernment in the islands was to display
good judgment and an easy way to
win favor with the new authorities."
Mr. Miller added: "The Inevitable re
sult was that the Filipinos lost respect
for American sovereignty." This new
spirit was utilized by renegade ras
cals like Ricarte in a revolutionary
propaganda." Formerly uprisings of
this kind were easily suppressed, but
recently "Rlcarte's men have grown
voellt,- Trtlcr haTP SPlZed the antt
American feeling begotten bythe pol
icies and utterances of this Administra
tion and brought forth an insurrection
that really requires attention." ,
Mr. Miller also lays stress on the
fact that of late all men seeking elec
tion to office In the islands have been
preaThing independence and have
"promised the people that when the
Democratic party secures control, In
dependence will at once follow." Im
mediate independence is preached,
though even the Democrats would not
grant it. When these promises are
disappointed, the popular anger can be
curbed only by force. There is already
bitter disappointment over the failure
of the Jones bill to grant Independence
outright, not among the real, able
leaders of the Filipinos, but among the
ignorant, turbulent element. Mr. Mil
ler then said:
We here all minimize this insurrectionary
movement: and why? Because there is In
the islands and over the Islands today a.
strong, stable, beneficent government, that
will protect life and property, that will pre
serve peace the Government of the United
States. Were that Government not there,
what chaos might result.
w coo hem that the Democrats are.
jinintentionally no doubt, sowing the
seeds and paving tne way iur a i"i
midable rebellion against the United
States. In their partisan zeal to dis-
c.mhiin rule thev encour
age disloyalty to the United States.
By their proposed surrenoer oi iu"
governmental power to the Filipinos,
they propose to hand over the means
of translating this disloyalty into ac
tion. By countenancing talk of imme
riioto indfnendence. which they do not
, t,o.r furnish an excuse
j lnieuu. iu 6iuH
Kfor revolt. We shall be fortunate if
Democratic policy does not cost tne
lives of many good men both Amer
icans and Filipinos.
There is a "fioratius" for every
bridge and why not at "the gateway
of Persia"? Schodja Ed Daculeh and
his 400 horsemen who were cut down
to four by the Turks before they gave
up the fight will be sung in camp and
dwelling in the years that are to come.
People of this generation and of this
Coast who gained a comprehensive
idea of disaster by earthquake nine
years ago, will realize the pall that
hangs over Italy. There will be quick
and generous response if aid shall be
needed and asked
Von Berchtold, Austrian Foreign
Minister, has resigned. Inasmuch as
he is the diplomat credited with hav
ing precipitated the war, we trust he
will have little time for peaceful re
flection during his declining years.
One thing needed in the traffic ordi
nance coming up today, is provision
for heavy punishment for the autolst
who runs past a streetcar when people
are embarking or disembarking. Mere
fine is not enough.
The British prisoner under sentence
of death for attacking a German guard
need not be object of tender solicitude.
Let him stand up and be shot, dying
like a Briton, and not be sport for his
True to prediction made long ago
by The Oregonian, Winter has brought
the conflict In Poland practically to a
standstill and the Germans are mass
ing against the French center.
A Los Angeles offender has been
given his choice of studying the Bible
for thirty days or going -re jail for ten
years. His decision is awaited with
Spain will be the only foreign power
to have a warship at the Panama
Canal opening. Other fleets regret
that other business prevent their at
tendance. The grafters in high places in
France are perturbed over admission
duty-free of the big contribution of
American tobacco for the allies In the
With Fern Hobbs drawing a man's
pay on state work, there is reason in
the demand that women teachers shall
receive men's pay for doing .men's
Gutierrez has been named president
of Mexico again. He'll keep fooling
about with that job until they hold a
ceremony with slow music behind him.
The Servian legation In London in
sists that it be spelled "Serbian." No
doubt the American State Department
will govern itself accordingly.
Von Hindenburg is going to take
command of the western armies. Ap
parently the Russian menace has
ceased to be a menace.
By the time everybody gets done
arranging the parade through the Ca
nal it is likely to be a three-film affair
and of equal value
Villa is now reorganizing his forces
to try to meet Carranza's armies. A
month ago Villa claimed to have elim
When the heaviest gales come dur
ing the night they do not disturb the
slumber of the man with a good con
science. More blame for Wilson's Mexican
policy. Our conduct In Mexico will
ever remain a blemish on "American
Blease of South Carolina is really
improving. He threw himself out of
office yesterday, five days ahead of
But perhaps the earthquake will
prevent Italy from seeking other and
greater losses by Joining the war.
" One "honor" boy contentedly at
work on a" farm is worth dozens in
the training school.
Price of oats is going up. Heavens,
what will be left for us to eat ulti
mately? Petrograd and Berlin are the locali
ties that need earthquakes, notHome,
Last day for Rose Festival slogans.
Portland wants the best this year. -
The Portland loaf is as big as usual,
and so is the Portland loafer.
Servia insists on pronouncing her
name through the nose.
The Kaiser in person - directed a
chargeon the French.
Mexico "never is but always to he
Salem has experienced its first slight
J UJT'S HAVE PEACE AT ANY COST
One More Supporter of Spineless Di
plomacy Writes a Letter.
M'MIN'XVILLE, Or., Jan. 11. (To the
Editor.) Just now it seems as though
the chief business of The oregonian is
to find fault with President Wilson
and tite Administration in general.
Kspecially has the President's Mexican
policy been assailed. You say: "There
i no sheeial merit in leaving the
Mexican factions to fight it out; Any
Prsirlnt could have done that."
"Perhaps any President would have
done that except Theodore Roosevelt.
I have never seen a statement of what
The Oregonian policy would be in re
gard to Mexico, but presume It would
be an armed intervention, the only
other alternative. You hold President
Wilson responsible for hundreds of
American lives lost in Mexico on ac
count of the "watchful waiting" policy.
If the Inferred policy of The Oregonian
had been carried out at Washington,
the United States would, in all proba-hmr-u
h wirinr war irrraUexico. In
stead of hundreds of lives lost there
would be thousands, and perhaps no ena
But, according to the laws of na
tions, intervention would not be justi
fiable. Intervention is Justified only
on the grounds of self-preservation.
President Wilson's policy has not vio
lated any of the international laws.
However, The Oregonian is, seeming
Iv, never satisfied. When the Presi
dent did use force at Vera Cruz The
Oresonian asks: "If it is the right of
the Mexican people to fight out the
question of their form of government
without outside' interference, what
right had we thus to Interfere?"
The demand of Admiral Mayo for a
salute to the American flag was in
accord with international usage. Ameri
can sailors had been deliberately ar
rested. The only course for the United
States to follow was to support Ad
miral Mayo's demand for a recognition
of the dignity of the United States, and
the Navy was sent to Vera Cruz. Yet
The Oregonian calls this an "unwar
I would be very greatly Interested to
know Just what the policy of The Ore
gonian would have been in this case.
To me the criticisms seem very Incon
sistent and unjust. L. R. TAYLOR.
West Point, and, "GuBiugt."
RAINIER, Or., Jan. 12. (To the Edi
tor.) Does this district have a cadet at
West Point, and by whom is the ap
pointment made; and what are the re
quirements? What is the nature of the fruit or
plant advertised as gum-quat?
ALICE A. CRAVEN, Librarian.
This district is represented at West
Point. Each Senator, Congressional
district and Territory, Including
Porto Rio, Alaska and Hawaii, Is en
titled to have one cadet at the Acad
emy, the District of Columbia two. Ap
pointments are usually made one year
at least In advance of admission by the
Secretary of War upon the nomination
of the Senator or Representative.
These nominations may be made either
after a competitive examination or
given direct. Second candidates may
also be nominated for obvious rea
sons. Candidates must be between
17 and 22 years old, free from Infirmity
which might render them unfit for mil
itary service, and able to pass, Unless
a satisfactory certificate is submitted;
a careful examination is necessary In
English grammar and composition, lit
erature, algebra through quadratic
equations, plane geometry, geography
and general history, especially history
of the United States. The pay of a
cadet is 1709.50 a year and with
proper economy is sufficient for his
It is virtually absolutely necessary
for anyone seeking an appointment to
apply direct to his Senator or member
of Congress. For detailed information
apply to Clarance Page Townsley,
superintendent of the academy, or
communicate with any of the Oregon
Senators or Representatives.
Gum-quat We have no available In
formation on "gum-quat."
Columbia Highway Limits.
NEHALEM. Or., Jan. 11. (To the
Editor.) Will you kindly inform me
through the lines of The Oregonian,
where the Columbia Highway begins
and where its ultimate end will be,
and how far it has been surveyed up
to the present time? Also what pro
portion each county furnishes of the
cost for construction.
The Columbia River Highway be
gins at Astoria and ends at Biggs, Or.
It is surveyed and construction started
at ail points. Multnomah, Clatsop and
Columbia Counties have so far borne
ail expense. Hood River has received
some state aid.
ntunicipal Corporation Charity.
PORTLAND, Jan. 13. (To the Edi
tor.) I note an article in The Oregon
ian January 12, wherein the city gave
a man J125 practically as charity, be
cause one of the horses belonging to
the city's fire department kicked him.
The injured man's only fault appears to
have been that he was working for a
"soulless corporation," and the corpora
tion does not appear to have been at
fault for the man's injuries, but still
nfey paid all his hospital expenses,
probably without question. There ap
pears to be a very pronounced tend
ency for municipalities not to be will
ing to assume the same measure of
responsibility that is expected of Its
private and public corporations and in
habitants. Ought not the reverse prin
ciple be the real condition of affairs?
N, F. O. BROILI.
Paat Participle of "Get."
SODAVILLE, Or., Jan. 11. (To the
Editor.) Please tell me the past parti
ciple of "get." SUBSCRIBER.
Got is preferred, especially in the
United States, but gotten Is by many
PLACERVLLLE, Idaho, Jan. 11. (To
the Editor.) A says if the whole world
was at war it would be an international
war. B says it would be a national
war. Which is correct? ED WHITE.
Such a war would more aptly be
termed a universal war, although It
would be international.
Wrhrman Murder Caae.
PORTLAND, Jan. 12. (To the Edi
tor.) Having read about the Wehrman
murder case, I would like to know why
that hair the victim had in her hand
was not investigated at time Mr. Pender
was arrested, at such early period the
mark must have showed.
AM OLD SUBSCRIBER.
PORTLAND, Jan. 13. (To The Edi
tor.) Does an Ex-President of the
United States get a pension?
W. G. H1R3CHBERY,
HEPPNER, Or., Jan. 11. (To 1 the
Editor.) Kindly publish what would
tho nationality of a child born on a
foreign vessel of English parents float
ing on high seas under the American
Italy (Since the Balkan War.)
McMINNVILLE, Or., Jan. 11. (To the
jjitor.) Kindly state whether Tripoli
Is owned by Turkey or Italy and great
ly oblige , A. C. LEWIS.
OUR POLICY TOWARDS MEXICO
Senator Loose Reviews Wilson's Course
of Ineffective Meddling;.
Extracts from Senator Lodge's speech
in the Senate on January 6, lr&:
On, March n. 1912. Congress passed
a resolution giving the President
power, when he found that In an Amer
ican country conditions of dorrrestic
violence existed which were promoted
by the use of arms or munitions of war
procured in the United States, to ior
l,iH th exnort of such arms or muni
tions of war, and on the same day
President Taft exercised this power and
IniH n n omhnrtrn on thft CXDOrt Of arms
Subsequent events in Mexico con
vinced me of the unwisdom of Congress
placing such an authority in the Presi
dent. The Constitution reserves to Con-
srretes th sole rittht to declare war.
To put In the hands of the Executive
the opportunity to alter neutrality laws
which have been in existence more than
100 vears is coin far toward impair
ing- the authority of Congress in the
great, function of declaring war or
maintaining -peace. We see how it
finemtpd In this case. President Taft
imposed an embargo on the export of
munitions of war and arms, ana it was
a direct aid to the Madero government.
which was then facing an Insurrection.
Then President Wilson, at a later
period, lifted the embargo, and that
was a direct aid to the insurgents who
were opposing the government or gen
General Huerta took over the gov
ernment, and in accordance with con
stitutional forms became Provisional
President. This was so near March that
President Taft took no action in re
gard to the Huerta government, feel
ing that he had not the right to commit
his successor on so important a point
The instructions to Mr. Lind Involved
a demand in the nature of an ultimatum-upon
General Huerta that he
should abdicate. It is not usual, Mr.
President, In entering into negotiations,
no matter how Informal or through an
emissary, no matter how informal the
emissary's position may be, to demand
of the head of the government, with
whom that emissary Is to communi
cate, that he should abdicate. Such a
,j . .. .) ,1 ... laid ua ooen to
a telling retort, and that Is the reason
why the letter or. me mtn
of Foreign Affairs in Mexico was so
successful in his reply. General Huerta
refused to abdicate and the correspond
.Kiot. t hovA rftfArred to ensued.
It was entirely possible to say that
General Huerta s government w "li
able to maintain international rela
tions, for over a large area of Mexico
it exercised no authority. Tt was pos
sible and proper to say that the rec
ognition might entail the validiflcation
of the loans which the Huerta govern
ment was then attempting In Europe.
i ... j. ,.v. i .1 hnvA nlndcred certain
revenues of Mexico, and thus deprived
the United estates oi securing muo...
nlty for injuries to its citizens.
But those grounds, Mr. President,
were not put forward. The ground on
which recognition of Huerta was re-
i ....... .n. v,a n-n a a man of bad
character, who had reached the highest
position ir Mexico by treacherous and
ftiurderous methods. I think that high
ly probable. That is the way supreme
power has generally oeen muu
. D..4- ...I, an n.a ntlt OUT refusal Of rCC-
ognition on the personal ground that
the character or ine neau oi mo
can government at tnat time was un
n nrn tnnto we inter
vened. Wo had an absolute right on
international grounas to retuse retm
k.,4- whan wa rav to anothcrna
tion we object to the man who is at
the head of your government or at the
head of the only government ;ou nave
got, because he Is a person oi ounu.
ious character, we intervene in the af
fairs of that nation.
The President now had added to his
feelings a personal resentment because
General Huerta had not obeyed the
President's demand for his abdication.
An animosity is not a policy. The
i . .. A HriTrinD- T-TtiArtn. from Dower
and putting somebody else In his place
was not a policy at an. ntieruicics,
that was the object to which our Gov
ernment addressed Itself.
There apparently was an idea In the
President's mind that there would be
no resistance to our taking Vera Cruz.
But after the bloodshed in the taking
of Vera Cruz, the Administration did
not aeem to have much stomach for the
unexpected fight which had arisen and
took shelter unaer tne iasai tun.c.
The object for which we sent those
. ; i ,..... Vara PrilK WRS tO
SnipB 1111U l . JU' ' - -
get reparation for the insult to the
flag, and tne reason ior mo bch.
.. . ., j J I ..K.. with the
lerlty aemauucu m ......
resolution was to stop the landing of
a cargo or arms. ao iiul r.nw
has Jiecome of the reparation for the
insult to mo hub, h i- "
I have never heard of It. The ship
that orougnr. ine tnr ui 0.1..1.,
. . , -. . I Tn nntv WnV KlIP
namea tno a j -
could lana ner careo wu. uj
permission irom us. inn. ji mmo..,..
we did not give. Clearance was given.
The Yplranga landed her entire cargo
. . 1 . .... it..i.. which was
Oi arms at j .u ......... .........
In control of the Huerta forces. So we
did not stop tne tanaing 01 uii
by our expedition to Vera Crus. We
neither got reparation to the flag nor
did we stop the delivery of arms to
President Wilson just about that time
took off the embargo on arms. That,
t nn.s. wn n rHl hAin to the in
surgents, with whom we were more or
less involved as allies. The Secretary
of War insisted, lor military reasona,
no arms should be carried across the
horder. That left Villa and Carranza
in an awkward position.
Then ensued the second Tamplco in
cident. Our ships were withdrawn and
placed nine miles away, on the ground
that if they were there it might cause
trouble. At Tamplco there were Ameri
can citizens to be protected, and also
American property. That massacre and
assault were prevented was due to the
action of the commanders of the Ger
man and British ships which were lying
there. Our ships were lying nine miles
Our action at Tamplco in withdraw
ing our ships was due to the fact that,
unless the insurgents secured Tamplco,
they could not get arms. They took
Tamplco and they did It to secure arms.
Our interposition was sufficient to cause
Huerta's fall from power. The object
of the President had been accomplished,
but the policy of the United States had
not been advanced one step.
It Is certain that when the Mexican
question was presented to us there
were but two possible policies. I am
speaking now of policies and not of
personal animosities. One policy was
to begin by exerting all the power and
influence we had under international
law and rnder treaties and In accord
ance with the comity of nations to pre
vent outrages, to prevent wrongs and
to try to bring about pacification. That
Is the way we should have begun, and
then, in line with the policy of avoid
ing war at all hazards, we should have
refrained from any intervention beyond
the efforts warranted by international
The other course was to enter Mexi
co in sufficient force to take possession
of and pacify the country and try to
bring back a government there which
would have the capacity of fulfilling
its international obligations and at
least establish order. To that course
the United States was opposed, and
quite naturally and rightly; but the
course we did pursue was neither of
those. We did not stay out and we did
not go in effectively.
These bandits have been turned loose
and have thrown themselves upon the
most helpless class upon women, upon
the priests, and upon the nuns. It is
a revolting story, unfortunately only
Twenty-Five Years Ago.
From Th Oreronlan, January IS, 1S0.
Washington The appointments In
the State of Washington are nriu'ig
solution. Senators Allen and Siulrv
arefor Hanford for Judge, but Rep
resentative Wilson and the President
appear to favor Judge Calkins, of Spo
kane Fulls. Patrick Henry Winston,
of Spokane Falls, is spoken of as tha
probable District Attorney. The Mar
shalship will go to Brown. 11111 or
Fostofflces have been authorized and
established In Lawen. Harney County,
with Elisabeth Norman postmistress,
and at Oakley, Harney County, with
P. H. Gray postmaster.
Chicago Judge McConnell has grant
ed the motion of John Kunse for a new
trial in the Cronin case, but denied the
applications to the principal defend
ants, Martin Hnrke. Daniel Cousthlin
and Tatrlck OSulllvan. The three
were taken to Joliet prison aevarnl
hours after the Judgo had pronounced
Calro Henry M. Stanley and his
party did not atop over at Sue, as
It was reported they would, but pro
ceeded to this city. Che Kheillve. tins
conferred on Stanley the MedJIllrh
The monthly meeting of the board of
directors of the Y. M. C. A. wna hol.l
last night, I. A. MarniB presiding In
the absence of J. Thorburn Boss, pres
ident The report of acting secretary
Noel T. Jacks showed a progressive
condition of the association work.
There are 160 men In the various ed
ucational classes and 611 In the gym
nasium. A call was sent to E. r. Fsy
to be financial secretary. Miss Jennts
Blodgett was engaged as elocutionist.
The place was in a public hall.
The time to all In tho room except one,
who thought that there was no time
like the present, was about 1 o'clock
in the afternoon. Among the dramatis
personae were Governor Tennoyer and
ex-Governor Moody. Ex-Uovernor
Moody had occasion to go out and In
doing so he took Governor I'cnnoyer'a
hat by mistake. A look of amaaement.
not unmixed with pensivo reflections,
o'erspread tho countenance of Ore
gon's Governor as he noticed the re
assuring expression on the ex-Governor's
face in taking the guhernatorlnl
hat. Governor I'ennoyer thought be
himself was entitled to the hat, at
least until the next state election. Ex
Governor Moody waa profuso with apol
ogies on his return, but l'ennoyer told
Moody not to do It again, unless pos
sibly It was after the votes were
The Northwest Fire Marine In
surance Company stockholders yester
day increased the number of directors
by admitting W. T. Slater, of Salem,
and S. E. Young, of Albany. The fol
lowing were re-elected: J. Loewen
berg. C. E. Sltton. J. K. Gill. F. K.
Arnold, J. McCraken, F. M. Warren.
H. L. Pittock. D. 1. Ollphant and
Julius Klein and Anna Carter hava
taken opt a license to wed.
E. May, a Oerman, and Nllls M.
Bern, of Sweden, have become full
LACK OF DEFENSE IS LAMENTED
Further Disarmament of I'nlted Slates
Viewed Aa Fatal.
TORTLAND, Jan. IS. (To the Edi
tor.) In The Oregonian recently a cor.
respondent In expressing his approval
of the present Administration's peace
policy and attitude toward military
activity, makes the following sug
gestion: "It is the duly of all nations
to disarm and stop the horrora of war.
The United States should lake the
initiative by setting the example for
other nations to follow, in order to
establish arbitration and co-operation,
instead of the destructive method of
settling international questions by the
force of arms."
But would the nations follow the
example? The suggestion is absurd.
I would be pleased to see Ihis happy
condition ushered In. but not until the
lion and the lamb lie down together,
and little children play with wild
beasts without fear of harm or danaer
can such a' condition prevail. Human
nature Is the same today that It was a
thousand years ago. and when men or
nations become enraged, they seek re
venge on their adversary, either as In
dividuals or as nations. The glowing
platitudes of men who advocate dis
armament sound very nice, but sup
pose the United States should rsrry
the policy of disarmament a little
further than it Is at present, with no
adequate protection against foes with
out or foes within our borders, how
long would it be until anarchy, rapine
and murder would bring a reign ot
terror? If Invaded by a foreign power,
with an ambition to extend lis domin
ion and lay chiini to the great wealth
and possibilities of enploltlng our
country, we would be helpless and our
boasted liberty become a sacrifice to
stupidity and Inaction.
Why do banking institutions keep
shotguns and other arms always ready
The security of a nation Is In Its
power of defense, and no nation thai
does not safeguard its people and In
stitutions py organized force can long
exist, Thenatlon or Individual thai
will not resent an Injury must aubmit
Never on earth has there been a
prize so rich In material resources,
more helpless for defense against a
strong militant nation, than our own
country under the policy of -watchful
waiting." . A .,
n 1 danaer doea not remove 11,
nor preparation for invite
ECHO. Or.. Jan. II. (To the Editor )
Please let me know If the report Is
true that Mr. MrReynolds reslane.l
from the of.c. of E.
Mr. McReynolds left tho Cabinet to
take an appointment to lh United
States Supreme Bench. Thomas Watt
Gregory Is th present Attorney-Gen-eral.
Incident In Football.
Visitor Why all thla riotous cele
bration. Pldn't your team get the
worst beating In football history?
College Student Yes; but Rah-Rah-Kahl
the game, lw lliil."
more than any other one In tha coun
When the retailer takes stock he
always finds on bis shelves a cer
tain percentage of stickers tha
tombstones of bad business.
They represent good for which
there Is no demand.
We auggeat to retailers that they
look over tho undesirables and notj
how very few newspaper advertised
articles there are among them.
National products that ara news
paper advertised do not linger on
There Is "a definite dsy In and
day out demand for them.
They aell readily and give satis
faction to the customer.