VOL. LIY.-XO. 16,893. - PORTLAND. OREGON. FRIPAYTANUARY 15, 1915. I'KICE FIVE CEXT8. ""i : i i r QUAKE VIMS NUMBER 20,000 More Than Half of Dead Are Killed Outright. SORA HAS SECOND SHOCK Town With Population of 20, OOO Reported Almost En , tirely Destroyed. FEW ALIVE IN AVEZZANO Only 800 Survive and Majority of These Are Injured. Many Cities Stricken. ROME, Jan. 14. (Special.) The disastrous nature of yesterday's se- ismic upheaval is becoming painfully clearer every hour in the territorial divisions of Latium, Campania and the Bruzzi. II Secolo estimates the number of victims at 20,000, despite fears earlier in the day that it would reach, if not exceed, 50,000. More than half the victims were killed outright. Sora Has Second Quake. Sora, 60 miles southeast of Rome, In the province of Caserta, suffered another shock today. The town, which had a population of 20,000, was almost entirely destroyed. Two thirds of the houses collapsed under the shock and others which were cracked went down later. Rossi Palace fell in, burying 20 la borers at work in the courtyard. Other victims include many of the town authorities and persons of note in the district. At least 500 are dead altogether, 450 bodies having been recovered. Only 800 Survive in Avezzano. It is now confirmed that in Avez zano out of a population of 11.297 there are only 800 survivors, a major ity of whom are injured. Signor Cer ri, an cx-member of the Chamber of Deputies, was among the victims, as were the Sub-Prefect and his fam ily, all the members of his staff, all the members of the municipal service and 95 members of a company of the Thirteenth Infantry. Thus far 200 bodies have been re covered and 160 injured taken from the rains.. King Superintends Rescue. King Victor Emmanuel, who went to Avezzano direct from Rome, was making his rounds of the town when he reached a spot where the rescue of a child' buried in debris was being attempted. He mounted a pile of wreckage and superintended the work until success crowned it. Official reports from Ajelli, Cosen za province, say that about 1000 are entombed there. Several smaller towns report about 200 each en tombed. There is not a house in Aquila Ciiy that has not been wrecked or damaged, while Cappa docia and Balsorano, midway between Avezzano and Sora, shared a similar fate. famous Abbey Suffers Heavily. Immense damage waa done at Mag liano and Cappelle. Caserta prov ince, in Campania, likewise suffered heavily. There are 10 dead and 150 injured at Siola del Lirls and many otaers it Cassinu. The famous Ben edictine Abbey at Monte Casino suf fered heavily. The Cecano cathedral, in the Province of Rome, crumbled to dust, while those at Subiago, Atri and Teramo all suffered. At Monte Roduni, where the Duke and Duchess of Aosta have gone to render aid. the 10th-century tower of the town hall crashed down, killing a professor and two collegians. The domes of the principal churches of Zagarolo and Fagliano, in the Alban Hills, have fatten. Ovid's Birthplace Damaged. Forty bodies have been recovered at Tagliacozzo, several hundreds hav ing been injured. The railroads, bridge and a large number of houses THIEF ESCAPES' BY--LEAP OUT WINDOW TWO SHOTS FIRED BT SECOXTJ STORY ROBBER AT PCRSrER. Burglar Found Rilling Room at 229 .North Twenty-Third Street Gets Casli and Jewelry. A burglar early last night robbed the home of Miss Eva Borglund, pro prietor of a restaurant at 229 North Twentr-third street, obtained 27 In cash and several pieces of Jewelry ana made his escape after firing- two shots at a pursuer. The man entered Miss Borglund's room, which Is in the second story at the rear of the restaurant, by climbing on a railing. Men In the restaurant below heard him rifling the dresser and started upslatra to investigate. The burglar leaped from the window as they entered the room and Harry Hill, a dishwasher in the restaurant, jumped after him. The two sprawled together on the ground, but the burglar regained his feet first and fled down the Btreet Hill followed him for more than a block. Suddenly the robber turnea ana fired two shots, both of which struck near Hill. Hill then"gave up the chase. The burglar, a tall man. was dresseo in a dark suit SUTHERLIN ADDS SALOON Monopoly, Long 1W4 by Company, Rroken in Granting License. noSEBLRG. Or, Jan. 14. (Special.) -After having Its saloon business mo nopolized for several years, the Suther- lin City Council last night aeciaeo. .o grant a liquor license to J. K. reu. formerly with the Oakland Wine Com pany at Oakland. The action of the Council was taken upon the receipt of an opinion of the Roseburg City Attorney to the effect that it would not be violation of the agreement existing between the Suth erlin Wine Company and the city to grant another liquor license. Under a city ordinance, adopted by the Sutherlin Council several years ago, the number of liquor licenses were limited to two. In order to maintain a monopoly of the business the Suther- flin Wine Company took out 'he two licenses. It is understood that .more saloon licenses will be issued at Suth erlin soon. W00LGR0WERS ARE NAMED Washington Association Protests Against Proposed Game Law. NORTH YAKIMA. Wash.. Jan. 14. (Special.) Thd Washington Wool growers' Association today re-elected Goorge Prior, of this city, as its presi dent for another year: Thomas Drum- heller, of Walla Walla, was re-elected vice-president, and H. Stanley Coffin, of North Yakima, was elected secretary and treasurer. The association adopted a resolution protesting 'against the measure pro- nnard br the sDortsmen of the state legalizing game shooting on the high ways and giving hunters right of way over a strip ten feet wide on each side of a highway. Members of the as sociation, with other stockmen who have been In conference with forest supervisors for the past two days, were guests at a banquet tonight. FIVE GOVERNMENTS IN PT Individual Wheat Buyers Also Are .More Numerous Than Ever. CHICAGO. Jan. 14. Five govern ments of Europe were reported today to be actively engaged in the wheat market on this side of the Atlantic In addition to a larger number of Individ ual buyers from foreign fields than ....... wrnr known. The result was figured to be exportation at the rate of S.OiiO.000 to 10.000.000 bushels a week. While the wheat market here was in a blaze of exclment, the minority of farmers who still own wheat were said to be in many cases hanging on for $2 a bushel. Just twice the general ideal under normals conditions. Approxi mately IS pmr cent of the 1914 crop is estimated by experts to be still In the hands of farmers. RUN AFTER BATH FATAL Hnyncs Inlet Man Contracts Pneu monia After Sprint In Rain. MARSHFIELD, Or., Jan. 14. (Spe cial.) Brushing aside his friends ana running out into the rain In his under clothing following a bath to cure a cold. Arthur Johnson contracted pneu monia last night and died this morning In an isolated section of the Haynes Inlet country, six miles from the near est town. Johnson's friends left. the city this morning to bring the corpse to Marsh field. They will have to carry the body three miles over a rough mountain trail. The news of Johnson s death was sert to town by a friend who walked four miles to reach a telephone. GENERAL'S NEPHEW TAKEN Kclatlr of Officer Complimented by Kaiser Arrested in Canada. VANCOUVER. B. C Jan. 14. Carl Mackensen. a nephew of a famous Ger man General who recently was compli mented by the Kaiser for his prowess in Poland, was arrested today by the police, acting on military instructions. Mackensen. who was seized on his farm at Langley. mill be kept a pris oner of war until the present struggle Is over. Dr. Redlieh, a German lawyer v.nmiivMr was arrested at the same time, and both are prisoners in New I J ITURBJDE IN FLIGHT 15 DAYS IN DESERT Exiled Mexican Reveals Sensational Escape. TEXAS REACHED BY SWIMMING Six Hundred Miles Traveled Afoot and on Horse. ' GENERAL VILLA IS ELUDED Official Forced to Flee to Avoid Ar rest After Aiding ' Americans and Other Foreigners For tune of Millions Is Lost. WASHINGTON. Jan. 14. Eduardo Iturblde, once member of the Mexican Senate and later commander of the Federal district, revealed here tonight the story of his sensational escape from death In Mexico, the circumstances of wflich for a time threatened to cause a serious breach between General Gutl errez and Generals Villa and Palafox. He said he rode nearly 600 miles through deserts and over mountains to the American border, after leaving t train south of Chihuahua to avoid ar rest The United States Government took an active part in negotiations for Iturblde's safety in appreciation of his efforts on behalf of Americans and other foreigners during the turbulent days In the Mexican capital following the abdication of Huerta. The efforts of American Consul Silllman and Leon Canova, special agent of the State De nartment. In his behalf aroused the anger of General Villa and Zapata chiefs. Wife and Sister Are Safe. Although Iturblde has been in the United States a week he withheld the rf.toiia of his adventures until he learned tonight that his wife and sister-in-law also were safe across the American border. The exile, who is ft great-grandson of Agustin Iturblde. who proclaimed himself Emperor of Mexico in 1821 and subsequently was executed, is about 36 years old, an athlete, a crack revolver shot and polo player. He was a favorite with members of the foreign colony In Mexico City and had many oppor tunities to leave, together with other federal officers. Remaining as head of the district government, however, even after the departure of Carbajal, Huerta's star, he transferred thexecu tive power In person to General Car ranza. Later he was paroled by Car ranza. with the understanding that he would be tried at some future date by the courts. In the exciting dajrs following the evacuation by -the Carranza troops Itur- ( Concluded on Fas 0.) MARS COME, NEVER MIND A LITTLE THING LIKE I . INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS ' The Weather. YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 4) degrees; minimum. - 42 degrees. TODAY'S Unsettled ; probably occasional rain; -westerly winds. . " Earthquake. Number of dead as result of qua SUPREME lleved to exceed zu.uou. rs . i it Av.-.ann'. notables ' killed, rase ' - Legislatures. Special election next Fall for amendment considered Dy a.csisi.ui o Patre J. Democrats at Olympia fall to grab liquor ax nartv Issue. Page 7. Kellaher-s plan lor divided session of Senate. is voted down ana bumuiuio w, w idered in fortnight. Page 4. House liquor committee Is strongly In favor of dry measure miroouceo. ms, Di.. ... t. -. - Ki,r Treasurer handle fish and game license money to be center of hlltrr fteht- Pare 4. 8enate Judiciary committee approves bill to abolish office or urego jLvmil Pace 5. No favoritism shown by Speaker Selling in committee appointments, rage o. War. r , - w,Md around Soissons French compelled to give way on part of line. Pssa 6. s,.t kv state DeDartment to make exceptiou of Daeia's cotton cargo, without settling principle oi regieuj. -. Air scout says it Is harder to find enemy than to -fciil him. Page S. German economists urge people to frustrate enemy's plan to starve them out by con serving fooa." rage Persians Join In march on Russia, rage 3. Mexico. Ex-Oovernor Iturblde reveal bis sensational escape from Mexico, rage l, . National. Santo Domingo used by Brian as political spoils. Page 1. Domestic, Governor Blease resigns with only few more days to serve, rage :. Mexico. n...frr- .irhlh executive of Mexico In single presidential term that years still to run. Page 3. Sports. has two Pafirin Coast FTorkev League renews war and world series Is called off. Pag 14, Basketball season opens at Eugene tonight with Wlllimette-tlregun game. ras -Rvr final nracilcb series to be with Chicago Colored Giants, . Page 14. Pacific Northwest. Fresno. Marcus Loew in tour of Empress Theater circuit announces plans for, general shake-uD. Page 15. Port of Seattle Commission discharges traf fic manager alter . n Pure 15. rjlrl .loner In Tacoma defies father In Rainier. Or. Page 13. Commercial and Marine. Pacific Coast wheat at high price In English markets. page la. Wheat prices at Chicago dime higher than on Monday. Page 10. Stocks close firm after Irregular fluctuations. Page 18..- Tow merger at mouth of Columbia is possibility. Page 16. Portland and Vicinity. New shows at movlng-plcturs houses are most amusing. Page 8. Brightened penny owned by Hugh O P-eu causes charge oi couDienciuMs . u filed. Page b. -4-" John Barrett. In speech before Progressive Business Men a hud. preuicis Evolution. Page 20. Second-story robber leaps through window, fires two shots at pursuer and escapes, Page 1. Clarence C. Eaton, C. S. B., lectures on Christian Science. Page Id. AUSTRIAN CASH SENT OUT Hapsburgs, Aristocracy and Finan ciers Deposit Money With Swiss. GENEVA (via Paris), Jan. 14. Swiss banks are receiving large sums or money and scrip from members of the Hapsburg family, members of the Aus trian aristocracy and Vienna financiers. as deposits and also large orders to buy American securities. Recently one Austrian Archduke sold for cash a large estate in the Tyrol at virtually half its value. BFGYAN HAS EYE ON Pni ITIHAL SPOILS COURT IA 1JAN15 . X BRA r.,,rt Bid Supreme Court ".Santo Domingo Used to Reward Friends. FRANK LETTER IN EVIDENCE "Workers" Valuable, Suitable Places Not Easy to Find. OFFICE PICKED FROM 'SKY Witness Tells How Secretary Was Influenced by Banco Xaclonal and How Partisans Fattened on Island Republic. NEW TORK. Jan. 14. Testimony In which it was asserted that changes made by the present Washington Ad ministration In the personnel of this Government's official colony In the Do mlnican Republic were due to the In fluence of Interests seeking to exploit the finances of the country, was heard today at the inquiry conducted by Sen ator-elect Phelan, of California, to de termine whether James M. Sullivan, American Minister to the republic. Is fit to hold his position. Bank Coterie Influences Bryan. Secretary Bryan was accused of lend ing ear in appointing Sullivan to the Samuel M. Jarvls coterie of New Tork financiers, who controlled the Banco Nacional at Santo Domingo, alleged to have been an institution without stand lng on the Island, and which sought to obtain for its coffers the deposit of the customs duties, whose collection Is ad- mistered by - the United States, and other Government funds. William E. Pulllam, receiver-general of the customs at Santo Domingo dur ing the Taft Administration, testified that F. J. R. Mitchell, president of the Banco Nacional, had caused to be pub lished" in a Dominican newspaper that W. T.' S. Doyle, head of the department of Latin-American affairs In the State Department, had been removed on com plaint of Mitchell and that Mitchell had subsequently said to him: "I told you so. There'll be several other changes and they'll extend to Santo Domingo." Next Minister rredlcted. In June, 1913, Mitchell went to Santo Domingo and told him that Russell, American Minister under Taft, was re turning. "He told me," the witness testified, that I was a good guesser, he'd tell me the name of the next Minister. It ends with an 'N.' he said." That Secretary Bryan at that time had a high opinion of Mr. Sullivan was evidenced by a letter placed on record while Pulliam was testifying by Walker W. Vick, who succeeded Pulliam as re-ceiver-generai and who after his re- (Concluded on Page 5.) AN EARTHQUAKE. I Thursday s War Moves X REVERSE of the allies along the x River Aisne In the neighborhood of Soissons is admitted in the latest French official statement, although the possible effect of the German advance is officially minimized. After continuous engagements, which lasted nearly two days, the Germans forced the French to yield in front of Vregny, to the east of Crouy. It is ex plained by the French war office that the flooding of the River Aisne de stroyed several of the bridges and thus rendered precarious the communica tions of the troops operating on the right bank. These troops were with drawn, as it was thought Impossible to send reinforcements to their support "The success is a partial one for our adversaries," . says the French state ment, "but will have no Influence on the operations as a whole." Emperor William himself was present at these operations, which resulted In the capture of several thousand French prisoners and were continued through out January 12 and 13. Petrograd says the Russian troops have progressed on the right bank of the Lower Vistula, where the German cavalry was repulsed. On the other front the fighting is mado up largely of skirmishes and artillery duels. The general staff of the Caucasus army devotes a statement to the opera tions In Azerbaijan, where, it is ox- plained. It became expedleut to re group the Russian forces, necessitating the evacuation of certain places pre viously occupied. No important action took place, only an engagement by the Russian advance guard. British aviators early in the week dropped bombs on the German positions in Antwerp, according to a Netherlands newspaper dispatch. The oamage done by the bombs has not been ascertained. Eighteen Russian Generals have been discharged from important positions. according to the Hamburg Fremdem blatt. Geneva reports that numbers of the Austrian nobility and aristocracy and Viennese financiers are depositing large sums of money in Switzerland and are giving orders for the purchase of quan titles of American securities. Secretary of State Bryan has ac knowledged in a friendly spirit the re ceipt of the preliminary reply of the British government to the American note protesting against the treatment accorded neutral commerce by British warships. No comment is made by the Secretary in view of the fact that It is Great Britain's intention to reply later In detail. PARLIAMENT IS UPBRAIDED French Senator Advises Body to Be Quiet While France Is Invaded. PARIS, Jan. 14. "Speeches must give way to the voice of cannon. The coun try is not with you; there Is nothing for Parliament to do but to keep still when Franco is Invaded." With these words M. Delahaye in the Senate today demanded the postpone ment of all discussion of the war. His speech caused a great stir and pro tests on the part of several members. Premier Vlvianl expressed regret such language had to be used, but some of M. Deiahaye's colleagues upheld tlm. After a brief but lively debate the motion for a postponement was de feated. BANKING BILL INDORSED Douglas Farmers in Institute Urge Action in Message to Wilson. ROSEBURG, Or., Jan. 14. (Special.) "We have .waited for 40 years for the bankers to help us. The tail has vvagged the dog long enough; let the dog wag his own tail and give us the farmers' banking bill," was the sub stance of a telegram sent to Presi dent Woodrow Wilson today by the Grangers in attendance at the annual Farmers' Institute held in this city. The farmers of Douglas County are heartily in favor of the . proposed measure and have asked their Repre sentatives in Congress to lend their support In bringing about its ma terialization. W. H. MEREDITH TO LEAVE Curry District Attorney Announces Departure for Missouri. MARSHFIELD. Or., Jan. 14. (Spe cial.) District Attorney W. H. Mere dith, of Gold Beach, announces that he will depart from Curry County In the Spring for Poplar Bluff, Mo., his former home. Mr. Meredith has been a resi dent of Curry County for the past six years and has been prominent In pub licity work and general advancement of the county's interests. Mr. Meredith was a candidate for the Congressional nomination In the first Oregon district In the 1814 -primaries on the Democratic ticket but was defeated by Fred Hollister. of North Bend. OREGON PUPILS ANSWERED Corvallls Boy and Girl Get Letter From Secretary of Xavy. WASHINGTON, Jan. 14 Secretary Daniels wrote today to a little boy and girl of Corvallis. Or, telling them he was sorry he could not grant their re quest that the schoolchildren of Ore- on be permitted to make tho voyage through the" Panama t,anal on the famous old battleship bearing their state's name. Mr. Daniels s:il that as tho Oregon was imlit to carry omy r.ien, it would be impossible for her to lake care of the 187,000 young people In tne state's schools. SPECIAL ELECTION ii MOVE ACCELERATED Several Amendments Before Assembly, TWO PROPOSED BY GOVERNOR Day Would Limit Petition Sign ing to Registered Voters. REFERENDUMS SEEM SURE CJauM-s In Dry Act Are Pccincil In-coiii-tttutloiial Legislators Tr) to Find Way to Alter l l.-rul Period of Mate. nv noN.u.D a. c.u.t.vi.i. STATE CAPITOL. Salem, or.. .Tsn. 14. (Staff correspondent.) Possibility that there will be six, or more consti tutional amendments submitted to tho voters by the present Legislature Is giving impetus to the proposal that a special referendum election be call! ariln this year in terms somewhat sim ilar to those? of tho special election bill of the last session. If the special elec tion Is called it is likely that the amendments and bills referred by tho Legislature will go to vote next Fall Instead of waiting until November of tho following year. Long Ballots Invite "' All of tho amendments so far pro posed have merit, but It Is realised that when put upon a ballot encumbered with numerous measures that come from the people every election, the dis position of the voters is to vote "no." They become discouraged over the ar duous task of digesting the laws sub mitted and good measures receive a large negative vote, which la nothing more than a protest against a lengthy ballot. One extremely simple proposal, in .which there Is undoubted virtue, re quires the submission of three distinct amendments. Under the constitution as It now reads legal voters are qualified to sign initiative, referendum and re call petitions. Only Registered Nay Sign. To safeguard tho purity of petition it is proposed that only registered voters be permitted to sign. Yet In this connection the words "legal voters" appear In three sections of the consti tution. The three amendments neces sary to bring about Ihe change were submitted In the Senate by Senator Day, of Multnomah, today. Today, also, faenator Butler an nounced that he would offer a resolu tion for the submission of a consti tutional amendment providing for a divided session of the Legislature simi lar to that of California. Governor Wlthycombe 1ms a'Kc-1 for a constitutions! amendment similar to one In the New York constitution au thorising tho Governor to removo of ficials who are remiss In their duties. At present they may be removed only tlirogh the medium of the recall or upon conviction in criminal irn-u-ings for Incompetency, corruption, malfeasance or dollnqulncy In office. In addition tho amendment providing for the alncle Item veto is likely lo come up for consideration. jnus i six amendments iilready In sight and It Is not unreasonublo to export that there l)l be more. Referendum Meat Probable. The special election law, adopted two years ago, left ho holding of an elec tion contingent upon tho tiling of a referendum against soy bill adopted by that Legislature. Tho election may iCuncluded on Puge 4.) ADDITION OK nortvro I TANCillILK KVIUKXtK " PROGRKSS AT ST. IIKI.KNSv ST. HELENS, Or Jan. 14. (Special.) Early in the year, the first wave of 1914 prosperity lilt this city when the town of Houl ton was annexed, thus Increasing the population 600. This addi tion now is known as East St. Helens. During the Summer 121,000 was expended In sewer construction. A dock landing for smaller boats was built, also. A one-story business block was erected and now is occupied by confectionery. Jewelry and mer chandise stores. J. Ramsey con structed a hall Into a store and soon filled the apartments above. W. B. Dillard opened picture show house. H. Morgus enlarged a rooming-bouse Into a commercial hotel. The St. Helens Milling Com pany spent several thousaud dol lars In the construction of a mod ern steel wood-buruer. The Mrth dist Church was rebuilt. Th School Board provided m school gymnasium and the firo depart ment built a large athletic club hall. The posloffire quarters uero 'doubled. A decision of the Su preme Court gave t property owners clear right to valuable building nnd business property fronting on the river, known at tha Strand. (Caucluic4 oa I'm Westminster Jail.