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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 12, 1915)
TTIE MORNING OREGONIAN, TUESDAY, JANUARY 12, 1915.
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PORTLAND, TCESD.W. JAN. It. 18 IS.
Hm AS TO CONTRABAND.
Great Britain's reply to the Ameri
can protest against seizure and delay
of American exports by British cruis
ers is so frank and conciliatory as to
assure an amicable settlement of the
difficulty. Since the British reply
concede the principles governing con
traband which were laid down in the
American protest, little remains to
eil.-scus beyond the practical applica
tion of those principles. On this point
the most serious difference of opinion
relates to the taking- of ships out of
their course to British ports for search
f their cargoes for contraband. This
practice causes serious delay, which
Injures American commerce. The ex-
cuse made for it is that our exporters
have, concealed contraband goods in
or under non-contraband in such a
manner as to necessitate thorough
search and as to render search at sea
This situation traces the trouble
home to unscrupulous American ex
porters, who attempt to make the high
profits yielded by war prices while
I evading war risks. Means can be
found for detecting the tricks of these
men by co-operation between the
United States and Great Britain at the
'. port of loading ships. Cargoes can be
; examined by American customs offi-
. t-ers and British consular agents be
fore they are loaded. A certificate
from these officials as to the nature
of a cargo and their seals placed o
the ship's hatches ought to be suffi
cient ground for a British cruiser to
let a ship go on its way unmolested,
when the seals are found unbroken
The full extent of the mischief done
to American commerce by diverting
ships to British ports for search Is not
revealed by the British figures. It is
stated that, of 773 steamers bound
from the United States to neutral
countries In Europe, only 45 had cargo
which was sent to the prize court and
only eight ships were themselves held
as prizes. This is the total of the
guilty by which Sir Edward Grey
seeks to Justify the drastic measures
taken by British cruisers. The extent
of the injury can be measured only by
the number of ships carrying no con
traband which have been delayed
without cause. This delay is the pen
alty paid by the innocent for the sins
of the guilty. Co-operation between
the two governments should confine
this penalty to the guilty and let the
innoceqt go free, for it should form a
net through "vnicn mo guilty cannot
Statistics given by Sir Edward Grey
as to American exports to neutral
countries in Europe are misleading.
They are designed to show that ab
normal increase since the war began
lias been due to Imports to those coun
tries which were really destined for
neighboring belligerents, but they are
explicable in other ways. For exam
ple, Italy has been compelled to buy
copper in the United States because
her supply from Germany and Austria
was cut off by the war, and her own
war preparations have doubtless in
creased her purchases. The war has
diverted trade from its normal chan
nels to such an extent and has caused
such an Increased demand for some
commodities and such a decreased
demand for others that a superficial
view of statistics is very deceptive.
When so evident a disposition to
deal fairly with each other exists on
the part of both the United States and
Great Britain there is no reason to fear
that the difficulty will not be amicably
adjusted. Prompt decision is the
Treat desideratum, for the longer it
Is delayed the more injury will be done
to American commerce and the great
er will be the irritation produced.
TKK DAY OF THE AVTOMOBILE.
The automobile has come Into such
! general use for all purposes that it is
; evidently the vehicle of the immediate
, future. At first used only for pleasure,
I It Is now indispensable for business of
every kind to carry passengers and
i freight. In large as well as small
volume. It has become second only to
railroads and steamships as a means
of transport in war. To the great sup-
-ply of automobiles in Paris is ascribed
the flank movement by which the
army of Paris forced the retreat of
the Germans when they reached the
, The United States Is well In the lead
us to the number of automobiles In
use. and this number Increases at
- an enormous pace. The Increase was
; from 1.1:7.940 in 191S to 1,808.441 in
3 914. or more than BO per cent, and
; the total value is estimated at about
J J1.500.000.POO. Motor-cars are cost
l ly to maintain and operate, but they
are such time-savers as to warrant
Automobiles have given a powerful
stimulus to the movement for good
roads, for their introduction Into gen
eral use has coincided with heavy ex
pense on road construction in many
btates. As those who at first opposed
rood roads have tasted the benefits,
they have become converted, for they
riave realized that good roads are a
"boon to the farmer and freighter as
veil as to the tourist. The time is
rear when every main highway will
be paved and when a mere track
through the mud will be no longer
dignified with the name "road."
Such Inroads are already being
made by the automobile on the traf
fic of railroads that the time max
come oca distant day when railroads
will be considered obsolete. An auto-truck
can pick up a load of produce
at a farmer's door and deliver it at a
merchant's door In the city as expe
ditiously as can a railroad; it saves
the extra cost of handling to and
from the railroad. As good roads are
extended farther from populous cen
ters, the automobile's field of activity
will be widened and Its incursions Into
the railroad field will become more
serious. As with the auto truck, so
it is with the motorbus, which has
long been popular in Europe and is
now cutting: into streetcar traffic in
this country. It threatens gradual
ly to encroach on the traffic of steam
Waterways may regain a large share
of their lost traffic through the aid
of auto -trucks. Were a solid road
built from each landing place on the
Columbia River into the interior,
grain, wool and other bulky products
of the farm could be hauled to
steamers for transfer to the city,
while fruit, fresh vegetables and dairy
products could be hauled through
without transfer. With well-equipped
wharves, tugs towing fleets of barges
and long trains of auto trucks hauling
freight to the river, railroads might
become unable to compete with water
COLLAPSE Or EATONTSM.
Mr. Eaton's campaign for the
Speakership failed completely. It
could not have resulted otherwise. He
has succeeded only in involving him
self and the Institution for which he
has stood sponsor the State Univer
sity in the acrimonies and resent
ments of a bitter and fruitless politi
cal fight. He should not have pur
sued it. after his defeat was obvious.
and there should have been from his
own constituency a protest against it;
but It was not forthcoming, for inex
From the beginning Eaton has not
hesitated to employ any available
weapon of calumny and prejudice, in
order to promote his ends, and to
misrepresent In the most wanton and ,
baseless manner the influences op
posed to him. For example, last wee
he made a speech in Portland in which
he said, upon the authority of an un
named Informant the method of
cowardly innuendo and mischievous
tale-bearing that the Selling forces
In the Multnomah delegation had
agreed to seat C. M. Hurlburt, the dis
credited representative, as a result of
a bargain by which Hurlburt was to
vote for Mr. Selling for Speaker. Tet
in the roll at Salem, Hurlburt is re
corded as voting for Eaton. Whether
there was any agreement between
Hurlburt and Eaton The Oregonla
cannot 'conjecture; but that Eaton
knew that the Multnomah delegation
was under no sort cf obligation, ex
press or implied, to resist any effort
to unseat or expel Hurlburt is not
open to conjecture. Yet Eaton was
willing to repeat a mean falsehood
casting discredit and dishonor on
worthy men, in order to help out his
The campaign of Eaton was partly
based on an effort to show that Th
Oregonian had misstated the facts
when, in its news columns, it said that
thirty-one votes a majority of the
House had been pledged to Mr. Sell
Ing. and later, when a list of thirty-
seven members, who had declared for
him, was given. The result discloses
that the statements of The Oregonian
wern nrerailv correct. mere was
never the slightest warrant for im
pugning the integrity of The Orego
nlan's news reports in this or in any
other matter; nor was there the shad
ow of excuse for the attempt to array
the Btate, through the state press
against the "Portland ring said to
be dominated by The Oregonian. une
Multnomah delegation is not a ma
chine, but it is made up of useful and
Dublic-splrited citizens, as Eaton ana
everyone knows: and it has a right to
resent any imputation that it is dom
inated" by The Oregonian or any
other newsnaDer. or any other in
Now let us hope that the state is to
have a happy release from Eatonlsm,
as the Legislature has had a fortunate
escape from Eaton. He misled a num
ber of honest legislators into a prom
ise to support him for Speaker; but
none are to be congratulated more
than they that the effort failed.
AX INCIDENT FROM HISTORY.
In these days, when the belligerents
are accusing each of ill-treating pris
oners of war. when many of the cue
tomary restraints have been removed
by the passion of the combatants,
liar interest attaches to the
journals of two young Cornish sailors,
who were prisoners of war in France
from 1804 to 1814. These journals
have been nubllshed by Sir Edward
Haln. They tell of bad rations, filthy
prisons and forced labor, but, through
one striking) Incident, they shed light
on the soldierly nonor wnicn gov
erned both captors and captives.
While the prisoners were at GIvet,
on the Meuse. near the present scene
of hostilities, Xapoleon and the Em
press passed on their way to Paris on
November 9. 1811. The river was swoi
len and had swept away the bridge
of boats on which they had intended
to cross The director of fortifica
tions advised General Caulaincourt to
get some of the English prisoners to
make a "flying bridge," apparently a
nontoon to be rowed across the river.
About thirty prisoners were detailed
to the work, and while they were en
gaged upon it Napoleon went down to
them and they all came arouna mm,
The narrative continues:
And now. any ona of these men, who
would hava gone tip to a cannon a mouth
hava deatroved this ancmy In battle.
might with ona push havo eent hfra to tha
lottom of the Meuse: yet. tar rrom naving
.nv evil thouehts towards him when ha con
flded In their good faith they were a aort
t guard or honor to him as ne paasea me
river. And so great was the commence mat
h. hud in them that ha would have no one
las about him. and thsre was not a single
'ranchman allowed to be upon tha flying
ridge which they had constructed to bring
It is doubtful whether the Kaiser
would care to trust himself alone on
boat wlth thirty prisoners of any
nation hostile to him. If he did, the
fingers of the prisoners might ache
to be upon him, but probably a like
display of confidence on his part
would be met with equal good faith
on the part of his hostile escort.
SHALL CRIMINALS BE TVT TO IEATHT
New York seems to be experiencing
series of psychic waves foaming
with projects of cruelty against human
defectives. Not long ago the saintly
and sapient Nicholas Murray Butler,
president of Columbia, recommended
that all persons "who fell below a cer
tain high physical standard should be
excluded from college. None but ath
letes and acrobats are worthy of the
noblest culture in his opinion. Such
intellectual pygmies as the poet Pope.
William III of England, Herbert
Spencer the dyspeptic, Spinoza the
consumptive and a thousand more
could be smothered in babyhood, or, at
any rate, kept from humiliating com
petition with the gifted tribe of foot
ball men and track heroes.
Dr. Butler's uplifting suggestion has
no more than begun to fade from con.
sciousness when a learned writer in
the Medical Journal sees his play and
raises it a point or two. This new
Elijah wants all defective criminals
put KV UCAVU. --''.-' . 1
the safety of society. Two objections I
Of course nut object is
to his scheme present themselves. For
one thing, how shall we decide what
criminals are defective ana wnat ones
There is an influential school of
scientists who hold that all criminals
are defective in one way or another.
Shall are put them all to death, the
pickpocket, the white slaver and the
burglar, as well as the . railroad
financier and the fraudulent banker?
It would save prison expenses and it
Is not without precedent. Draco's
laws at Athens followed this very
plan. Little criminals deserved death,
said Draco, and he could think of no
worse penalty for big ones.
Hence he slew them all indiscrimin
ately. But his laws were unhappily
repealed before a great while. the
weakly sentimental Athenians could
not stand their consequences. The
other objection consists in the fact
that "defective" criminals are not half
so dangerous to society as abnormal-
ly bright ones. Tne woria is never
likely to be imperiled by fools and
idiots, no matter how . many delin
quencies they commit. It is the in
tellectually brilliant offenders who
make us tremble. There would be
some wisdom, perhaps, in a proposal
to exterminate such criminals.
W. Lair Thompson Was elected
president of the Oregon State Senate
because he was recognized, by the
common acclaim of all the Senators,
as the fittest man for the Job. He
had practically the unanimous vote
of the entire body, including the two
Democrats. It was a remarkable
tribute, the like of which has not
been seen in an Oregon Legislature
for a long time. It angurs well for
the Senate that, at the outset, it
should have undertaken its work with
harmony and good will all around.
Senator Thompson is yet a young
man, a native Oregonian, scion of a
distinguished family, successful lawyer
and experienced legislator. He has a
thorough understanding of the state's
needs and a keen desire to satisfy
them. He will propose no fantastic
reforms, or quack remedies, nor will
he be overborn by the pressure" of
sectional, or private, or political in
terest. Ha will seek to solve all
problems and meet all questions in
broad and practical way. He has
stiff backbone, and an infallible
instinct for uncovering the real pur
pose behind any proposal. He owes
his election, as president, to no fac
tion, and, for that matter, to no party,
and he is in position to, treat all Sen
ators alike. Without question he will
The Oregonian has an abiding con
fldence that the Senate, under Fresi
dent Thompson, will make an excel
FAILURE OF THE ZEPPELINS.
Placidly regarding the badly ex
ploded reputation of the Zeppelins as
war machines the Scientltlc world re-
marks, "We told you so." Speaking
through Waldemar Kaempfert, of the
Scientific American, they now protest
that they never expected much of the
ponderous air vessels. These aerial
monsters serve tolerably well as
scouts, but when it comes to an actual
attack on a fortified position, or even
on an exposed body of troops, - they
effect little. Here and there the diri
gibles have done some damage, mainly
to non-combatants. They have ruinea
a few buildings in Antwerp and killed
some school children In country Dis
tricts, but not much more. Except for
their scouting value the war would
have run its course without them just
about as it has with them.
When the British troops were
transported in unprotected vessels to
Belgium, a highly attractive mark
was offered to the Zeppelins, but they
did not take advantage of it. The
troops were moved in perfect safety.
To be sure it was done by night, but
the Zeppelins have searchlights which
would have Illuminated the scene,
Thev did not Interfere because, for
various reasons, they could not.
No doubt these air vessels contain
the promise of great things in the
future, but at present tney are cruae
and ineffective. Monstrous ana awn.
ward in shane they are still at the
mercv of wind and weather in flight,
while they cannot be safely anchored
without enormous containing sheds
sonaratn shed for each vessel. This
reaulrement greatly limits ineir use
fulness. Apparently it would be next
to impossible to land troops from a
Zeppelin in a hostile country. J. he
performance, even if it did not end
In the loss of the men, would almost
certainly wreck the airship.
For all the talk about wnat ziep-
pellns might do, the Germans have
put little dependence upon them. The
Kaiser's troops have done a great qmi
of destruction in Belgium, but it has
been by means of their huge guns on
solid bases, not by raining down
bombs from above. From present ap
pearance there Is no great reason to
apprehend an invasion of England by
airships. They may, as waiaemar
Kaempfert thinks, blow up a building
here and there, but they are not iiice-
ly to accomplish a great deal more,
WAR AND EDUCATION.
The European war offers a great
opportunity to the schools, according
to President G. Stanley Hall, or (jiars.
University. One of the basic prin
ciples of modern education Is to pro
ceed from the known to the unknown,
The daily course of the war is known
to everybody, even to boys and girls
In the lower grades at school. Tak
ing this knowledge as a foundation
it might easily be possible to proceed
backward into the past, following up
the lines of historical events ana
causes almost without limit.
The ordinary process of historical
teaching proceeds in the opposite way.
Beginning with the unknown m tne
remotest past it slowly crawls forward
to the known, but by the time It comes
ithin hailing distance of the present.
the pupil's interest has long been ex
tinct and history, like most otner
school studies, is a dead mass of bar
ren facts. The war enlivens both
geography and history with burning
interests. How the map of Europe
looked when the war began and how
mav possibly look when the war
ends afford inviting matter for spec
ulation in the course . of which the
pupils' minds might be stored with a
great deal of valuable information
and much sound thinking might be
But there is' one difficulty in the
way Of all tnis. 10 many persons
the war has become a disagreeably
partisan subject, like religion and
politics, and they want no mention
of it in the schools. It is impossible
discuss it adequately without of
fending some of the many nationali
ties which have sought.the hospitality
of this country. Bringing with them,
they often do, their old race
hatreds. national prejudices and
dynastic loyalties, they cannot endure
any mention of the war unless it is
confined to the "victories" of their
Thus the war, with all Its possible
educational value, stands on the same
ground as religion and politics. It
cannot be taught without sowing dis
cord, and must, therefore, in many
cases, not be taught at all. This is
a pity, but it is also a pity that
fundamental religious instruction
tt,,i k. onnrinnaH ,n4 decent nnlitl -
cal topics shunned. An Institution
which, like the common schools, dares
offend no palate with its bill of fare
must omit many an inviting dish.
D. C. Heath and Co. have writ
ten to criticise The Oregonian's state
ment that "Americans depend upon
textbooks more than any other literate
nation, and our schools are the worse
for it." Their remarks apply largely
to colleges, while the editorial in
. qUestion applied to the public schools.
since Messrs. Heath and Co. dlscussea
one thing and The Oregonian another.
it will be difficult to argue profitably
The less textbook and the more
teacher, the better for the school.
The literacy test for immigrants is
opposed by women like Jane Addams
because it gives no clew to a per
We want immigrants
of sound health and decent moral
standards. A person may have both
and not know A from X. On the
other hand if he knows all tongues
and books and has not charity, and
some other things, he is a tinkling
cymbal and apt to be brassy.
From the Medical Sentinel we learn
that two French physicians have in
vented a rival to the famous twilight
sleep. Their drug is advertised to
work miracles in relieving pain, but
analysis shows it to lack something
on the score of novelty. The mar
velous new invention turns out to be
ouj old friend. Monsieur Morphine,
Commission government has long
existed in the counties, but it has not
been a conspicuous success. Perhaps
lack of real publicity has been the
main defect, but it ntust also be re
marked that there has been no ef
fective method of calling the Com
missioners promptly to account.
The opening of the Dardanelles to
Russian- trade will be a distinct ad
vantage to the world. These straits
are the natural outlet from a wide
and hls-hlv productive territory. If
they cannot be neutralized they should
be possessed by the country that can
use them best.
Havinr turned all the convicts loose
and disbanded the militia (it wouio
be libel to call that particular organ
ization' a National Guard), all left for
Oovernor Blease 'to do is dismiss all
the peace officers of the state and
chase himself into oblivion. I
After Bpenaing so mucn money kj
build the scenic highway along tne
Columbia it would be a pity to spoil
the prospect with hideous advertising
posters. Dr. Andrew C sanitn s war
upon these horrors 13 truly tor tne
An aged Belgian general, sentences
by the Germans to life imprisonment,
denounced the Kaiser and suggestea
that the sentence be changed to
' , . . T5irion
death. That is the true Belgian
From Conenhaeen comes the re-
. that thA f-.orm si n fleet
ijUl t vi-o . u ...... ..... '
is preparing to go forth against the
.p B.J " B -nr.. .v..
Ijriusn armauoa. n l 1
With no more fear of the gallows.
Central Oregon badmen continue to
murder. These deeds will continue
until the pendulum swings the other
It has been a long time since we've
ha.1 a RenuMlcan Governor, but hav
ing re-established the practice we shall
endeavor to make it a regular thing
The Austrian Emperor talks earn
estly of peace hopes. That subject
grows more and more pleasing to the
Austrians who precipltatea tne war.
It is possible Kitchener is not
quoted exactly right when he is made
to say real war will begin in may.
unless, of course, he tola irvin lodd.
Washington will not concede
Britain's right to take cargoes into
Dort for examination. What, then,
if Britain continues to insist?
Breakfast foods are in danger of
j.n,n..i;-atiin Tha noau in Wil
lamette University have organized a
The King of Saxony eats war bread.
Rut n lone- as' he Keens crow eii
the menu he should be entirely satis-
Up In British Columbia, where law
is .onelled with the capital letter, a
murderous Hindu was hanged yester
The prompt organization of the
Legislature is a good omen of effec
tive and decisive action to come.
The Russian bear appears to be en
joying nuiiiaeij. iniiuciwc, .... .....
T.,.viDh horrv Ttfltr-Vi I
a.. r .nnr mnst nf tha nemo-I
cratic jobholders will die
their time comes.
However, we are inclined to wonder
where Belgium will get off in the final
peace settlement. .
SDeaking of the rise In flour, the
doughnut-man can balance by enlarg
ing the hole.
America is right in principle, says
But not In armed prestige.
German fleet is
said to be
Ha! And Ha!
A hotel in danger of a raid needs
"Safety First" sign for the unwary.
Missouri boasts a bread trust. Anon
we shall hear of a soupbone trust
In a few hours it will be Journalist
West and Governor Withycombe.
The Japanese cruiser in the Atlantic
s an honorable explorer.
Franz Josef is a very old man and
naturally desires peace.
Howdy, doctor! Goodby. Os!
I wonder how pedestrians
Contrive to get along.
The man on foot full soon, no doubt,
Will have to wear a gong.
He'll have to wear a gong to sound
When lie would cross the street.
I Perhaps at night he'll have a light
I That carries forty feet.
Equipped with headlight and with bell
He may pursue bis way
And make a bid to live amid
The traffic of the day.
Kansas City Journal.
All Quiet In Mara.
- Things quiet seem among the stars.
Ih ? b?ie " Mars-
Tne otner planets seem benign
I neacefullv thev clow.
I On none of them we see a sign
Ol violence or woe.
While this war is the biggest- fight
That ever time brought forth.
It looks at least as if we might
Confine it to the earth.
IVew Woman's Wink.
T want to live so that m v soul
IMay face the Judgment -day patrol
And find emblazoned on the scroll
"She has not played a super's role."
I have no fear of Death's decay.
And yet I wish him on his way;
Until I've had a woman's say
I want to live!
I'm tired -of pots and pans and dust!
I'm tired of "Can't" and "Don't," and
I'm tired of taking life on trust!
I'm tired of heartache and soul-rust!
I want to live!
New York Times.
The Modern GIrL
We knock and criticise her.
We scold, apostrophize her.
We wish that she were wiser.
More capable and kind.
Her path we're always stalking
To criticise her talking.
Her clothes, her ways of walking.
Her manners and her mind.
We say, "Oh, highty-tighty !
She's frivolous and flighty.
And all her ways are -mighty!
Undignified to see.
. She dances and she chatters.
Our golden rule she shatters.
And laughs at serious matters
With unabated glee!"
We chid and we correct her.
We shadow and detect her.
We study and dissect her.
With all her smiles and tears,
And find, on looking o'er her
(And learning to adore her).
She's just like girls before her.
For twenty thousand years!
Peoria (111.) Journal.
The Busy Child.
I have so many things to do, .
I don't know when I shall be through.
I Today I had to watch the rain
Coming sliding down the window-pane.
An(1 blowing softly on the glass
To see the dimness come and pass.
I made a picture with my breath
Rubbed out to show the underneath.
1 1 built a city on the floor;
I And then I went and was
I And I escaped from square to square
mats greenest, on mo miir o.
But at last I came to us;
Because If I had stepped outside.
t made believe I should have died
I 1 . 11 .
And now I have the boat to mend,
And all our supper to pretend.
I am so busy every day.
I really have no time to play.
If This Be All.
if this be all, and when we die, we die.
men iiie is out a, waniuu, jnuHauuuo
And of the hapless creatures that
We, who seem flower and crown, rank
The least of living things that does
The dread of loss,
the certainty of
If pain and sorrow are without a
Dealt out by chance, then, like an evil
Of some dark fiend, this smiling,
If wa that hunger never shall be filled.
The sooner that our empty hearts are
The better for them and their aching
Tet close, I feel, there wraps us an
Some mighty force, some mystery pro
And, through my doubts and Ignor
ance, r- trust
The power that bound with laws the J
And hung the stars in heavenly spaces
Mst. bv' their witness, fie both wise
. North American Review,
I Tne Liimoer,
A climber there was. and she made a
(Even as vou and I)
For a Dame with a name and a bunch
We called her sf purse-proud sort of
But the Climber thought she was all
(Even as you and I)
Q. .he teaa we make and. the trouble
k-nA.he excellent things we plan,
For the sake 01 tne woman wno uui
(And nothing would ever induce her
To one outside of her clan.
A Climber there
was and her goods
(Even as you and I),
Preparing "The Season s uniei events,
Though never to such the Grande
But the Climber ner invitations aeui
(Even as you ana it.
Oh, the life we waste and the strife
And the dinners and balls we Rlve.
For the sake of the woman who will
(Who hasn't the least inclination to
Ajid hardly knows where we live.
The Climber was pierced through her
i T.-.v-nn as vou and I).
Which she might have expected before
For the Grande Dame. never even re-
And some of her smiled, but the most
of her criea
(Even as you and I).
And it Isn't the shame and it isn't the
Til ,1 m f
Ti,.t h,irt like a brand-new shoe:
It's coming to know she never would
(Seeing at last she never would come)
And never mieimou -
Carolyn Wells in Puck.
Then and Now.
Seven years ago
today. General Sir
ganized the Boy
Scouts of England.
Since then tha
hero of Mafeking
has extended his
around the world,
it being modified
to suit every coun
try. It was
brought to Ameri
ca in 1910 and it
at once seized the
Imagination of the
American boy un
der the name of
the Boy Scouts of
America. Love of
Today there are
more than 2.000,
000 Bqy Scouts In
the world and
America atands at
the head - of the
list. It was In 1K10
that General Baden-Powell
the l'nlted States
and Mr. Titonip-son-Selon
his 100,000 "Wood
craft 1 n-d I a n
tinder the banner
of the Boy Scouts
of America. Boy
nil over the coun
try beran to
shower letters fo
aroused in General
membership on th
Baden - Powell
the novels of Fen
imore Cooper and
heads of the or
gantzation, and to
day the Boy Scout
In this country
and It was through
Over these are
his gift as a scout
that with only 700
about 6000 scout
masters, and the
men he held Ma
Scouts' law fo
feking against 12.-
this biggest or-
000 Boers for over .
seven months till
the British relief
youth in the coun
try reads as fol
this siege he made
tions outside of
the city almost
fealty and obe
dience to parents,
employers and su
every night anu
periors, and to
'count the day lost
organized the first
band of boy scouts
whose low de
in the British
army, which was
views from the
hand no generous
of great assistance
to him in his hold
action done.' chi
valry towards wo
men and girls, pro
on Mafeking. This
that the whole
tectlon of the
empire was in
weak and consid
need of such an
eration tor tha
his Ideas did not
take definite form
till he had studied
aged and infirm.'
It has been said
that "in these
ringing creeds 1
such writers on
outdoor life as
Thompson - Seton,
with his organiza
tion of "W o o d
B r other hood,"
to be found the
blood of a revived
to arrest the men
ace of greed and
selfish ness and
hlch then num
e r e d 100,000
Thousands of the
Then It was that
boys in crowded
cities have learned
to shoot, ride.
the purely mili
tary conception of
the Scouts that
skate, swim, run,
use tools and to
know the woods
n mind gave way
to the broader and
and its ways.
finer Ideal oi.
Many in their new
to become all
around knights of
duty and kings of
emergency in ev
ery channel of life.
r e s o u rcefulness
for every occasion.
JUDGE M'GINN'S IDEAS LAIDED
Slater of Wayward"" Man Telia of Her
PORTLAND, Jan. 11. (To the Edi
tor.) I have not the peasure of know
ing Judge McGinn, but his article on
Denitentiary and boys makes me re
gret not knowing him. I think It really
too bad not to be able to have more
iudges of such broad Ideas as a crlml
nal Judge. For then many boys and
their mothers and sisters would be
spared the suffering of a penitentiary
I am only one of the sisters who Is
suffering from an unjustified impris
onment of a dear, good brother. It was
on a circus day at home, when most
everybody was hilarious. My brother,
who was 20 years of age, attended the
night performance with his chum, and
returning downtown very soon to bo
come intoxicated. Their monfy ran
out and they started home. In the
Courthouse yard lay a man too drunk
to stand. The boys removed his coat
and hat, thinking it great sport to let
him wake up minus these thine. They
started down the street and walked
into a policeman, who promptly ar
rested them. They were booked for
highway robbery after the boys admit
ted searching the man's coat and find
ing one nickel. The coat and shoes
returned to the man, he refused to ap
pear against the boys, but they were
taken before a juage, wno naa no uni
aging evidence airainst them, only the
policeman who arrested them. Never
theless, he gave those boys five years
in the penitentiary, and all we could
say or do did not move him. He said
the boys were highway robbers and he
would show them no consideration
whatever. I was just ready to start
for Oregon and promised to bring my
brother here, but he said "No."
Our hearts were broken. When he
went away it was like he had died. We
almost wished he had, for he was a
happy, bright, healthy boy. When he
comes home he will come a branded
criminal, old enough now to realize the
terrible stain which will cling like a
loch and hang forever like a black
cloud over a life that would have been
forever bright, only for one man's
word, which put our whole family into
the depths of despair. juits. t .
A RANCHER'S MEMORIES.
I've been a-watchin' you, ol' wife, while
vnn was dozin there.
La. sleepin' beauty, as it were, in your
big easy chair,
Fur you are just aa han'some In your
ol man s eyes as wnen
The words the preacher spoke made me
the thaDDiest of men.
We'd just been married one short month
it only seemea a aay
When I voked up the oxen an" we
Rtarted on our way
To cross the plains an' mountains fur
a new home in a land
That'd scarcely felt the touch o" plow or
man s improvin nana.
It was a long, long journey, wife, an'
filled with dangers, too.
An' of'ntimes the star o' hope shone
dim fur me an" you.
But we Just kep' our courage up an'
keo' a-ploddin' on.
Along with other emigrants all bound
Tou never made the least complaint.
but kep me full o cneer
With pictures that your fancy drawed
about a home out nere;
In storms an' sunshine, bless your
heart, you always wore a smile
That seemed to light the trail a we
moved onward mile by mile.
A fsw of our migrattn' crowd that
started weak an' frail.
Passed over an1 we burled them beside
the sandy trail,
An' three good men the Injuns killed
we had to lay away
Where they wHl rest in unmarked
graves till Resurrection day.
But we escaped the dangers, wife, an'
reached the goal we sought
An" settled in this valley as a heaven
An' here our children have been born
an' growed to manhood, and
Have prospered, same as we have done,
in this unequalled land.
Here we've grown old 'together, wife.
We labored at the start.
An' faced some gallin' trials, but we
both was brave o' heart.
An" now as we are restin' here In life's
We're thankful that we made the trip
you called our honeymoon.
We're blest with plenty, an' the boys
we raised have plenty, too,
I reckon all are wealthy from a rancher
p'int o' view,
Whereas If we had never j'lned that
We might Why, bless her dear ol'
heart, she's gone to sleep again.
-James Barton Adams.
Twenty-Five Year Ago.
Krom Oreconlan January 12. 19M).
Washington. T. C. Tha New Tork
representatives today presented their
claim for the location of a world's fair
in New York rather than Chicago.
Tiii-oma Two business firms col
lapsed yesterday bevause of hlnh rents
These wera the stores of K. C. Wlllard.
retail grocer, artd the San Frsnrlaco
Olympla Senator Fairwoalher has
drafted a hill tor the assumption by tha
state of the Indebtedness of the terri
tory which he intends to Introduce to
day. The bill authorises the Istuanre
of bonds In the amount cf $100,000.
Astoria The Astoria Pioneer says we
are once more confronted with the
necessity of mil communication with
the Interior. We are so situated thnt
a few days' cold weather causes a sus
pension of river traffic, and stoppase
of the travel of mails. It shows the Im
portance of securing a railroad with
all possible speed.
Persons who travel by stage between
Frinevllle and The I'alles nra loud In
their comphiint of a lack of accommo
dations furnished pusienKers hoth hv
the stage company and stntton keepers.
At one of the stations about all that
greets the chilled traveler is a cold
stove and the frigid features nf tha
proprietor collecting a dollar for supper
The work of advertising Oregon and
its vast resources by the Oregon Immi
gration Hoard goes hravely on. The
last installment of C'o.ooo copies nf a
descriptive pamphlet entitled 'Tort-
land and the Country of Which Site Is
the Metropolis'" was bring dolivered at
the rooms of the Hoard yesterday.
Ellis G. Hughos stated that S000 copies
of this publication are being sent out
Berlin The funeral of the Empress
Augusta took place yesterday.
Half Century Ago.
From The M..rn!ng Oresanlan. Jan. II, 1MI.V
Cairo, Jan. 10 Advices from New Or
leans report that the gunboat Rattier
drifted ashore In the late storm i-a-tween
Vlcksburg and Nutchoz. and wnat
fired by a gang of guerrillas and
burned to the wutcr's edge.
Daniel Pelaney. Sr.. was 'I .icsday
night shot to death by two masked men
on the pnreh of hia home near Salem.
The murderers then searched the house
and made thoir getaway with IdiHI'i
Records found later, made by tha aged
man. revealed places about the house
where about $64,000 it gold had been
hid. It is evident that he anticipated
the crime. Ho has several sons living
near Salem and Portland.
Salem, Or., Jan. 10. An unsuccessful
attempt was made last nlaht to bur
glarize quartermaster's Government
stores in the Holman brl'-k building.
Workmen and teams have been en
gaged in digging us and removing the
mud on Front street for three days
past. They struck bottom yesterday
between Alder nd Morrison streets.
It is amazing to witness the perfec
tion to which sewing machines have
been brought at the present day, and
the unlimited variety of work which
ca-n be perfnrmed by one. I be new
Orover & Baker" machine arrived In
Portland yesterday, conslitneil to J. VS.
,1'ierson, ngent In Portland. More
will likely follow.
At the late city election at Corvallia
156 votes were cast.
The Olympla Iemocrat I Washington)
flays that a matt by tha name of Hl. e
was robbed at Tumwater last Tuesday
f tlOoO In greenbacks and 1100 In unlit
The thief administered a strong dose of
Someone writing In the Rritlah Col
onist, at Victoria, H. C, complalna that
he colony of ancotiver Island la de.
creasing In population and rerommemla
hat the British government send ioob
convicts to keep the colony going and
U00 soldiers to watch them.
WILLAMETTE CLIMATE C.ETS
Do I like the climate, stranger, in
this valley? Well, I guesa
That there ain't no proper answer to
yer question' ceptln yes.
An' it wouldn't ho no atrctchin of the
honest truth to say
Thut I wuship it an' tell It so a doicn
times a day.
Llssen to my wife a-singln', voice as
clear as any bell.
ee the spring that a in ner actinn
.flrawln' water at the well,
See them youngsters piayln yonder
an' a-hollcrin' In glee,
Then switch 'round yer eyea a trifle
till you focus them on in a.
Jes' two years ago tomorrow. If my
memory's got no flaw,
Since we clum Into the wagon fur to
leave ol' Arkansaw.
Faces all about the color o' the yul-
lerest corn pones.
An' the ager huvln' shaken all the
flesh bft of our bones.
Sca'cely looked like human hein's, more
like skeletons we were.
Wife a-hackin' with consumption that
was takin" holt o' her.
An' the youngsters both a-cgughln'.
me a-worryln' till, well,
Got discouraged till I wasn't wuth
pinch o' salt In helL
Tuk a ranch here In this valley, an' we
wondered If, the anmo
Mightn't some day he our graveyard as
a wind up of the game;
Slep' with doors an' winders open fur
to let the climate In.
An we soon observed that gomethln'
was a-padriin' out our skin.
Wife got skittish In her action, kids
begun to romp n' play
'Stead o' mupln' 'round an' cryin ' an
complalnin' all tho day;
As fur me 1 quit my frettln' an' be.
gun to take on meat.
An' t'd make a lenn hog jealous fur
to see the way I eat.
Do I like the climate, stranger? Llkln'
ain't the proper word.
Fur I wuship It. by Jingo, next to
wusliipln' the Lord.
Fur It'a rlil the hull caboodle o' the
afreesin' breukbnne chills,
An' the Arkansaw attachments shape
o' country doctor bills.
An' them lungs my wires a-usin ,
well. les. llssen to her sing.
They're as sound as ary dollar in their
clear an silvery rinK,
An' there ain't a man e-llvln In mis
hull long Valley atretcn
That kin down me in a rassie. anj
holt they want to Ketrn.
lames Barton Aoama.
. An analysis of the names of busi
ness firms who fall shows that 90
Probably the same annlysls would
show that moat of the failures were
due to lack of business.
Newspaper advertising will al
ways increase a good business.
It Is not in Itself an absolute guar
antee of business success but It Is a
mighty big help.
The most successful businesses are